Archive Team: A Distributed Preservation of Service Attack

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Archive Team: A Distributed Preservation of Service Attack
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For the last few years, historian and archivist Jason Scott has been involved with a loose, rogue band of data preservation activists called The Archive Team. As major sites with brand recognition and the work of millions announce short-notice shutdowns of their entire services, including Geocities, Friendster, and Yahoo Video, Archive Team arrives on the scene to duplicate as much as they possibly can for history before all the data is wiped forever. To do this, they have been rude, crude and far outside the spectrum of polite requests to save digital history, and have used a variety of techniques to retrieve and extract data that might have otherwise been unreachable. Come for the rough-and-tumble extraction techniques and teamwork methods, stay for the humor and ranting. Jason Scott is a computer historian, archivist, documentary filmmaker and essayist dedicated to saving digital history and having a blast doing it. Between his sites TEXTFILES.COM, ARCHIVETEAM.ORG and a propensity for saying a lot of stuff to a lot of people, he's done his best to ensure entire lengths of computer and hacker history have been preserved and not forgotten. This will be his 198th DEFCON.
Service (economics) Distribution (mathematics) Personal digital assistant Multiplication sign Projective plane File archiver Musical ensemble
Data mining Frequency Group action Process (computing) Different (Kate Ryan album) Multiplication sign Connectivity (graph theory) Website Codec Dynamic random-access memory Mereology Family
Point (geometry) Factory (trading post) Denial-of-service attack Instance (computer science)
Process (computing) Block (periodic table) Factory (trading post) Water vapor Mortality rate Hill differential equation Disk read-and-write head Family Metropolitan area network Identity management
Backup 1 (number) Barrelled space Bit Mereology Latent heat Arithmetic mean Process (computing) Factory (trading post) Right angle Object (grammar) Local ring Identity management
Variety (linguistics) Forcing (mathematics) Instance (computer science) Mereology Proof theory Word Semiconductor memory Hypermedia Website Object (grammar) Family Writing Form (programming)
Tape drive Floppy disk Instance (computer science) Arithmetic mean Hypermedia Hacker (term) Semiconductor memory Personal digital assistant Video game Right angle Quicksort Game theory Family
Silicon Graphics Inc. Dynamical system Variety (linguistics) Multiplication sign Constructor (object-oriented programming) Web browser Price index Parameter (computer programming) Instance (computer science) Mereology Fehlererkennung Frame problem Number Revision control Frequency Database normalization Arithmetic mean Website Right angle Spacetime
Web page Point (geometry) Execution unit Email Computer file Variety (linguistics) Code Constructor (object-oriented programming) User-generated content Coma Berenices Mass Web browser Price index Discrete element method Frequency Surreal number Website Right angle Computer-assisted translation
Pay television Execution unit Service (economics) Multiplication sign Programmable read-only memory Content (media) Web 2.0 Process (computing) File archiver Convex hull Right angle Data conversion Freeware Window Spacetime Geometry
Web page Functional (mathematics) Presentation of a group Game controller Existential quantification Multiplication sign Online help Graph coloring Power (physics) Facebook Goodness of fit Internetworking Computer configuration Software testing Noise (electronics) Standard deviation Weight Bit Instance (computer science) System call Digital photography Personal digital assistant Website Convex hull Right angle Musical ensemble Whiteboard Reading (process) Geometry
Area Web page Video projector Inheritance (object-oriented programming) Multiplication sign Mereology Field (computer science) Theory Web 2.0 Inclusion map Frequency Software Ring (mathematics) Website Video game Right angle Spacetime Geometry God
Web page Greatest element Building File format Constructor (object-oriented programming) Sheaf (mathematics) Planning Focus (optics) Gezeitenkraft Integrated development environment Quicksort Metropolitan area network Geometry
Point (geometry) Neighbourhood (graph theory) Virtual machine Content (media) Sheaf (mathematics) Bit Limit (category theory) Disk read-and-write head Band matrix Right angle Freeware Error message Metropolitan area network Geometry Physical system
Revision control Computer file Multiplication sign 1 (number) Game theory Mass Geometry Data type
Enterprise architecture Content (media) Division (mathematics) Design by contract Computer network Bit Content (media) Band matrix File Transfer Protocol Inclusion map Word Process (computing) Hypermedia Internet forum Personal digital assistant Videoconferencing Directed set
Scripting language Search engine (computing) Personal digital assistant Profil (magazine) User-generated content Website Determinism Quicksort Computer-assisted translation Library (computing)
Email Execution unit Server (computing) Service (economics) Information Multiplication sign Range (statistics) Maxima and minima Instance (computer science) Line (geometry) IP address Film editing Googol Personal digital assistant Videoconferencing Convex hull Information Quicksort Gamma function YouTube Spacetime Geometry Physical system
Trail Broadcasting (networking) Multiplication sign Tape drive File archiver YouTube
Purchasing Googol Multiplication sign Modal logic Tape drive File archiver Quicksort Mereology Automatic differentiation Library (computing)
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Execution unit Keyboard shortcut Backup Process (computing) Computer file Keyboard shortcut Constructor (object-oriented programming) File archiver Website MiniDisc Maize Mereology
Message passing User profile Presentation of a group File archiver Website Coma Berenices Bit
so again thank you all so much for coming to this and for enjoying I hope defcon excellent yeah says one guy okay so the name of this talk is archive team a distributed preservation of service attack a hilarious title meant to bring you in and it worked apparently my name is Jason Scott I am the mascot of archive team which is a rogue band of archivists preservationist and jerks dedicated to saving online and in some cases offline history and this project has been going on for a little while and I thought well maybe it's time to kind of make people understand what we're up to here so before I get started though I want to dedicate this talk to
Tim wrecker very old friend of mine who unfortunately passed on this year and it had been one of his dreams to bring his family back to Def Con so they are here in the house tonight to enjoy Def Con and I must say you know as time goes on I'm currently 40 years old you know you had experiences of losing friends you didn't know you were going to keep around for such a short time so it's always worthwhile even though I'm in a talk to skip a talk if there's a friend you haven't seen in a while and spend maybe an extra four or five minutes with them to remember some things with them it's just a benefit to that aspect of it so since we're all about saving websites let me in fact talk about soy sauce so
soy sauce soy sauce as some of you might know is basically fermented soy beans wheat it's a process in which in which these things are brewed and similarly just like beers or other kinds of fermented dishes there's an experience to it there's an idea behind it it's a it's a long process to learn we've been doing it for hundreds of years but different groups have different approaches and it's extremely important that the essence of them are maintained in fact this is part of the marketing of a lot of beers and crafts and everything else that you know it's important that all the components stay absolutely the same this is the yamazawa soy company a company that's been around for 208 years since the Edo period they've had eight presidents and they've been basically producing soy sauce in their local town for all this time and they are beloved enough that like for
instance here's a tourist who's just gone and taken a beautiful drawing of this soy sauce factory to kind of show you you know they've been around forever and they do this kind of work so they were hit by the tsunami this is that
same factory and that's the creator the current ninth president of this soy sauce company he is he was given it to it by his father after the flood because his father felt he was too old to figure out what to do next because what are you going to do about a company in which everything is absolutely obliterated obliterated to the point for instance
that this is the company safe from which he was able to extract there are incorporation papers from two centuries ago so that he could prove that the company was still around and and still existed and again I'm crediting Robert kill hooli this was the man who walked around with it now bear in mind when they got hit with the tsunami one of the first things that they discovered or one of the first things that happened was that their Head of Sales ran to one of the dams to save the dam and was killed by the on suing rush of water this man is well this this is the ninth president was absolutely convinced his family had died and that he had lost his children because their their their house was just a few blocks from this place as it turned out his children had actually been led up a hill by some teachers and elderly residents who were nearby most of which then proceeded to die so this was a family this is a family business that is just descanse in tragedy right now and so this is him
kind of standing on the hill that he was able to run up to with all the employees who didn't die overlooking their factory losing this thing so what what I want to explain though is that this is a you know a person might say well who cares it's a company what is a company matter in human lives well this is a company that was so entwined in the end the the the identity of this town that even with an a 70% death rate people were coming to this soy sauce company and giving them money to say when you make soy sauce again I'll wait for my soy sauce delivery because I want to be able to you know keep this important thing around now in the process of making soy
sauce there's this whole process here and one of the most important ones is the adding of the more amide the fermentation where they add the specific yeast the specific fermenting agent that will be able to make more of the soy sauce and it's got a specific flavor and it's cooked in a certain way so one of the things that the president discovered was that and again he's 37 right and he's been saddled with this idea rebuild a company so he looks for the barrels there's about 30 barrels that they keep this agent in and he comes and he finds most of them completely crushed gone missing he finds one or two that are intact but to his horror he tells people okay we're good we're good we got the more mine but it turns out that too much sea water has gotten in and it spilled it so there's none so what ends up happening is when everything looks bleak they recall an experiment that it happened four months earlier and what it was was there was a local marine biology laboratory that was doing experimentation and asked for some of the more oh my so what they had done was asked for a small segment of barrels worth or whatever of Moreh my to test with they had given it to them that lab had also been hit with the tsunami and had its first floor destroyed but among the first floor was a 1 kilogram bag of the moral my still in the plastic wrapping that they had never gotten around to and from that small bit this company is rebuilding itself into this very beloved brand once
again this is the two new sales girls who were hired by this company that's their new digs while they're working it out and this is a piece of their old factory and the girls saying you know thank you thank you for your patience we will have your soy sauce soon so why am I saying all this well what I'm trying to say is that first of all backups are important most multiple backups apparently even better but even beyond that this object this this yeast was an emotional meaningful human item that had relevance to a culture and a world that was you know basically something that people considered part of their identity really if you think about it and even though it's just an object it's got meaning that way so what I'm saying here is that
objects that maintain memory objects that are part of us have relevance to us even after their initial use may be initially gone in other words you look at these items and you say I remember I was with this person or this proves that we were part of this or you know I this is this is the proof that I invented this first or more accurately this is a friend who I've lost this is somebody who I can't speak to any more but I have their work and I think that that's something that can sometimes be lost when I start to tell you about some websites because one of the things people will say is well who gives a crap these are really old websites and I say these websites are collections of memories that have been gathered up through people online that is the driving heart and force of what I'm talking about here and there's a wide variety of old media
I might mention an old websites and things that are currently sustaining our memories magnetically in forms that are kind of strange and each year becomes harder and harder to extract them but beyond that they contain things that their exterior may not really reveal so for instance you might have writings that you might not remember doing letters a family might not have done basically stored on very very old media
additionally you get weird shit for instance this is eBay the home game this speaks to a lot of things because it indicates that people thought eBay well first of all you have this belief that someone thinks eBay is something you'd want to do at home with your family with no money down but also indicates that eBay had some sort of cultural meaning to us in 2000 when this came out that it was strong enough of a feeling to feel this is an experience that you should share elsewhere that idea of getting completely fucked on shipping costs very critical right all right and again I'm keeping a lot of things
myself that are part of that this for instance there's some very old issues of 2600 I have three complete runs of 2600 magazine actually I got a lot of stuff alright you don't know me that's fine that's awesome I don't have anything I live a free life how about that but if you actually know me then you know about the shipping container and you know about the the various pieces of old media that I'm sent I'm sent lots of floppy discs old tapes tapes drives you know basically all sorts of collections of items that are it's things that I transfer out so I've been able to get my hands on some very old things and I and I constantly make myself available for this because I believe that all of these old memories have meaning and it's pretty easy with something like 2600 very prominent lots of copies very easy to tell you that there's a hacker calendar now for sale from 2600 in case you want to support them but the 2600 magazine is just one of just many but we
also have these electronic artifacts right so for some of you this has kind of got a clap if this has any emotional meaning to you whatsoever and I do do error correction for the person going it's cool I'll just quickly go over what we're looking at here these are two different items the first one is a Netscape now button this is a period of time when browsers were just starting out and you had a number of browsers there were about twenty or thirty but there were a few that were trying to kind of build themselves up and one of the original investors in SGI went out and scooped up all the creators of the mosaic browser and started a new company in named it in Netscape and as part of that wanted to let you know that if you wanted to see a really good site and you wanted to watch it properly you should get Netscape right now so there was a button that they produced that was animated that said go to get Netscape right now so you can see my web site the way it was meant to be seen and so that's the Netscape Now button underneath it is the under construction jiff I am NOT going to get into the jiff gif argument right now so the under construction gift is basically a indicator that you're not finished with your website now obviously we in the future with our incredible abilities no website racks we never finished so it's redundant we factored that thing out on both sides of the equation we're like you know what always building because if you're not always building it's now currently a period of shame right lack of dynamism is is is is a shameful trait of your website an indication of your failure and lack of interest so you would not want to say oh I'm under construction of course you're under construction all right so yeah there's a very emotional reaction to that but I find there's even a bigger one to this which is this is a
collection that I have of all of the Netscape now buttons as you can see there's a whole variety of stories being told here because some of them indicate what the some of them are obviously made by hand some of them go for different versions some of them read jigger themselves these are all actually md5 different what I am discovering for instance here's a little story you might not know is is for instance some of them you'd look at it you say like well why is this different from the one next to it it's because they removed the extra frames to save some space they took out a K or two and that way they got a little more space for their website so the so the thing looks a little crappier but they got it like a little more space they can write well far we don't think about things that way also somebody right over there seems to be really against Netscape now so screw you similarly on the on the under construction thing also a lot of
emotional reaction I got 10,000 of these things and as you can see I mean there's all variety of things put under construction and I think what I'm trying to say is uh you know and again if you go to text files comm slash under construction it says this page is under construction and then puts all of them underneath which will crash some browsers and then it says if there's a problem mail me that goes to one with mail me gifs that does crash all browsers so you can be a historian and also be an asshole it works out actually so anyway so what you have here is again like I said a wide variety of interesting cultural artifacts and I have found that people who go to this just automatically get a massive amount of reaction from it right
well what we're experiencing right now is a bunch of websites that were started earlier and earlier now could be anything from the mid-1990s up through to even maybe a year ago or further where they reach a point where somebody decides they're not going to stay up anymore and it's usually done with like a post-it note on the outside of a restaurant that's been shut down for health code violations it is just simply something saying by the way we're gone now normally I would not care right I mean if you've created you know hats for cats calm and suddenly nobody wants to buy your cat hats and you say sorry thank you for you know thank you for four months of wonderful business and away you go that's fine but what we have right now from the mid-1990s onto now is this whole period where we're taking a user-generated content and a large amount of marketing is being made to make it as easy and quick and frictionless to put as much of yourself online as quickly as possible into something with a huge lack of any interest in telling you what that something is it's just there you get an IT department and yet don't even know how to reach it and so what ends up happening is you get this right AOL home town which was a whole bunch of really interesting websites from the early 1990s and in 2008 they said you know what we're out of here and that was it hometown was gone same thing up there with kickstart but you don't know what kickstart is I didn't know a kickstart is but I like the button the indication there that it's like uh-huh see this light bulb going out and then you get these kind of surreal
shutdowns right like freepo pro hosting which offers you more and then the next thing it says is we're gonna be discontinuing our free hosting service to the end of the year so if you want and look at that smiling girl guess what we're closed we're out of business so hey welcome to free putter hosting where nothing is now free that is a tough tough sell what do you call free cars what do you sell cars free no no Bob free please to meet you yeah so we filmed an archived team ok
archived we are gonna rescue your shed we are the a-team we are the team that will come in and we will rescue things that need to be rescued help the helpless go after the sight sight the sightless we're gonna go after places that look like they're being shut down and we download them and then we figure out what to do next we we know you know so much in history if you go ahead and look at a lot of things how we have it with housing and things that you know basically when when you evict somebody from home right it is a huge-ass painful process that sucks right yes right there you're looking outside you can see in the window you're the landlord you can see them fucking up your apartment you're like I'm gonna get rid of them it's going to take six weeks I'm gonna get rid of them and you have to have to apply in front of a judge you have to show things and you have to do all these things well with web hosting we don't have to do any of that and some people think that's beautiful and yes the Wild West was fucking awesome until you died of dysentery and I'm saying that it's 2011 and this is DEFCON you know this is one of these places which goes like by the way you know this idea is stupid we don't do this anymore well the idea of completely uncontrolled non-transparent hosting of User Content really needs to come to an end but until then we're duping stuff because the conversation otherwise ends like if you go to AOL hometown now and go like I need my old stuff they go that's a shave that you still need it are you sure you need it would you like to buy a new account with more space because right now it's okay so archive team set out on its mission and we've started to download things we've been having a great old time and then geo
cities went down all right so we were like people came to us and they were like hey our KY team geo city you're gonna download how many people here know Geocities right they see they don't wanna make noise and call attention to themselves the the thing about geo cities and I think geo cities falls into this right now right geo cities is the moral my geo cities is this place that started in 1994 as Beverly Hills internet got turned into this very strange little hosting company gets bought by AOL AOL by Yahoo for an enormous amount of cash I mean an astounding amount cash billions of dollars to become hosting now at the time that it's purchased by Yahoo it is the second or third depending on the month browsed site on the Internet this is the most popular of popular sites it is huge and one day one day they announced they were shutting it down oh but I don't mean they really announced they were shutting it down I meant that buried in one of the help files which somebody brought to our attention it said I'm having trouble getting this done and the answer was yes because of the shutdown that functionality is currently not here that was it we were like wow that is burying the fucking lead and what they did was they were shutting down sometime in the summer and then all of this site was going to go down the bear in mind when geo cities finally went down it was the 218 most browsed site on the net it hadn't only gone down a little bit yahoo made no attempt to get rid of it you know they didn't try to sell it off do anything like that they just simply said okay let's turn this off hooray for us now granted you go look at
one of the sites that was on there and you'll be like well of course of course I mean look at this thing this is the rogue cowboy hey all military couple been here for a while I'm reading this for you because you cannot possibly see it over the bucking bronco background also I want to point out that there's a little gold item there and it says HTML Writers Guild another thing that's kind of gone by the wayside is HTML guilds now it's just stock options and and the thing is is a you know you look at a site like that and you're like well this is these guys are awful and I want to point out something I've I've really come to understand which is how do we do this how do we get rid of all something in fact how do we destroy cultures how do we destroy lives how do we do this and the answer is disenfranchise demean delete disenfranchised remove their ability to have any control over something like I said with Facebook good luck calling them up to get something fixed good luck calling them up because something's not working like you expect go ahead and tell me that it doesn't cost any money and I get what I pay for it fine but I'm telling you that's what the case is ii demean tell people that this thing is useless look at this thing it's ugly by our design standards this thing fails our tests we the board of vogue have decided that this thing is not to our liking and then delete and then say well here's a shit about these people these are nothing whatever but we have to under these people this presentation this website maybe the widest audience that this genetic line has ever reached and you can't turn away from that kind of power even if that was never your hope printing a color photo a color photocopy was a dollar fifty a page at this time I mean you know to be able to do full-color occasionally with musical background websites that would have all the things you wanted to say and it's interesting what people pull for instance
welcome to space now it's interesting that the projector really gets rid of the beauty of the star field I feel like it's not really there but but bear bear in mind there's a beautiful star field there it's not animated but it's it's something that's there and this person obviously likes space and there were areas in geo cities for you to store based on Hollywood space gay queer Western and so on and you were able to have like declare what your kind of interests were and go down there so this particular person was in area 51 the the space thing and there's a part in there called personal experiences which I just love because you read it and their personal experiences are like was watching television felt outside of myself for 12 minutes continued watching television yeah okay great hilarious but also I mean this person wanted to kind of express this and obviously this leads to interesting conspiracy theorist and the paranormal Network and all of that let's
go with this one all right welcome Patrick Joel my feet born on April 16th 1981 entered heaven April 17th 1983 Paige lovingly dedicated to Patrick Joel child of God loaned to us for a very short time this is celebration of his life and the love and joy he's so Invictus lives with now this is a woman this is this is I think what sometimes not noticed here the the child died in 1983 this website's created in 1996 right this is a woman who has enough pain at that time that when she sees geo cities where other people say I'm gonna talk about watching TV and I'm gonna talk about my bucking bronco background and joined the HTML writers guild here's somebody who's saying no the world needs to know about my baby I want to let everyone know how much I loved him and she has pages after pages in the 10 megabyte space about how much her baby meant to her so here's a case and by the way of course there was a web ring you know what whoever he was of what was it it's an Angels web ring so it's a bunch of parents who lost children who were under - to talk about lose you know they they touched an angel for a short period of time this is real stuff this is real to save as anything else I think so big on it
it's better the longer you look at it so Jason a question that now you some of you have never heard of me before now will ask what the fuck is up with that Jason it's a general question I get about everything all right here's the deal he's an under-construction Jeff and he got wrapped up in the trawl basically I went through a bunch of geo city stuff and found a bunch of under construction gifs and he was one of them and I was like what the hell is that what's the fucking story about bulge emic fish hat guy so I don't look it up and it's this guy in the Hollywood Hills section and he is gay and he has a page that he talks about his dream guy it's from 1998 and he talks about what he wants in a man what he will do with the man where they'll go the places he'll do the dreams he'll live and it's it's from basically like I said 1998 and at the bottom it says this is always under construction and there's this guy at the bottom in 2005 it's updated and it says no need to keep looking I found him and it's just a story that turns out even with the Bulge to be pretty pretty heartwarming all of this buried in a little tiny graphics interchange format which I believe just got out of copyright or sorry patent okay so when when they closed it right
Yahoo just decided to do this twerpy friggin goddamn thing right this is this to me is the is the embodiment of the problem why did geo cities closed which by the way should really be said in like kind of a scream with like rending of documents because that's usually when you we have decided to focus on helping our customers explore and build relationships online in other ways it's like shooting somebody and saying I have plans for your car all right it's this sort of corporate douchebaggery that ensures that I will never work within a corporate environment again oh no that's my
visceral reaction what do you think yeah so that's what our kyv team said so we said you know what let's download it so
downloading was very interesting downloading Geocities was somewhat complicated it took us about a hundred people to download it over the course of about six months we had no idea when that when the when the shutdown date was right so we just went at it now it turns out that Geocities had a very interesting thing you got a gigabyte of bandwidth a month but only about 12 megabytes of it could come out every hour bait and switch well so when we would try to do it it would go sorry error 999 error content limit has been reached right didn't take long it was long by putting our heads together by having all this assembled people on an IRC channel to have someone go you think they're locking out Google so we go look and nope they're not locking out Google so we changed all of our user agents to not the Googlebot free at that point huh we aimed a couple people at them we had a hundred virtual machines that downloaded basically all of the old geo cities has an old neighborhood and an old one the old neighborhood system which was like basically it would be geo city / West Hollywood slash you know Hills slash two to five - right these are all pre 1999 when Yahoo got their nutsack on it they just reapplied it across to the Yahoo section right so basically what they did was you could be Geocities comm slash tilde tool bag and be whatever so it was going to be harder to find them but man did we send people after them and we did and we downloaded as much as we could which turned out to be a little bit over a terabyte of geo cities so then what do you do well first bear in
mind that this is geo cities in 1999 this was a nine terabyte array of theirs just to give you an idea of like just how pathetic it is now when people were like oh god we're gonna do we could keep all that and it's like I can make a stack of nine terabytes right now that are barely functional we would have to keep in mind that I mean this is a whole cage at Exodus dedicated to geo cities so we ended up with it and we we were sitting on it and then geo cities went down and there was the usual like who cares and I put up those animated gifs by basically going through this terabyte of data and coming up with a basically a collection of interesting gifs but then a year went by and I thought you know what we got to get attention we got to remind people the two cities went down for no fucking reason so we did what anyone would do wheat oriented it
so so we put ourselves up on the Pirate Bay we have a 641 gig because it compressed well torrent with seventy eight thousand seven thousand eight hundred and fifty four files that were basically a bunch of seven Z's and we put that sucker up and wheat oriented it we were until recently I think it's changed but we were until recently the second-largest torrent that ever appeared the number one was High Definition versions of all of the World Cup games so nice nice nice counterpoint huh World Cup games geo cities because we know right that by wearing Geocities this would bring this massive amount of embarrassment back you know it did we got all these great interviews and I put up this thing saying yahoo found a way i was quoted by time for this yahoo found the way to destroy the most amount of history in the shortest amount of time all right excellent
then yahoo video was announced it was going down we got that well we were helped of course because yahoo video sucks but it was ten terabytes we just downloaded all of the video everything in all of it luckily they use numeric ID very easy to go through we end up downloading it we're in the process of getting it all back up again somewhere and yes a lot of bit of spam some of it is really terrible it seems to be really popular with people in countries that are not america who were using it as a way to have stuff that needed bandwidth that they didn't have to pay for where the bandwidth was expensive but we've got this thing and we were able to you know basically do this through the gift of volunteers who all work together very hard these are all the things that yahoo
is shut down in the last four years just so you understand yahoo briefcase were you're able to store 10 Meg's whenever you wanted and get it from anywhere via ftp they shut down why no spare USB drive content mash some of these you won't know yahoo pets was funded by Purina for a five-year contract and on the day that the contract ran out they shut it down and redirected it to Yahoo women I don't know why but they did but it was a case of there was this secret contract and when I say they shut it down at me with no warning one day it was there one day it was gone it had pet pictures that had forums at everything gone totally gone so in other words I'm saying Yahoo blows
okay it is a fucking clown car I wouldn't trust them with like a backup of like my nutsack because these guys this is a case where a company went speculatively into user-generated content and when they decided it wasn't worth it anymore they got out of it like getting into a library and deciding a library business isn't working for us and burning it to the ground okay I don't you know and I got people and if people go to me doom Yahoo was great to work at yeah everywhere is great to work at if you're working for an arsonist company it's awesome you get the we were trying to change the world where you sort of did awesome now you're that now you're the second now you're using Bing as your search engine and you suck Friendster went down
this year Friendster we only got 12 million of the 112 million accounts because it turns out that digital cameras really came into prominence in 2005 but we basically got most of the larger earlier sites from it a lot of people and you know it's funny because if you talk to people about Friendster they know Friendster they're like yeah I remember that that was like a social network I think I was on it and we feel that like collecting this material and believe me it was a JavaScript nightmare we had to write customized scripts to go through the JavaScript negotiate it we all had to create accounts on Friendster which it's still allowed up to its death and all of us were like hobbies downloading Friendster with some really funny like you know given the finger profile I'm downloading Friendster that's why I'm here what are you up to oh you like cats that's great
not everyone likes what we're doing this is Lulu poetry poetry calm this was exciting they gave everyone two weeks to get off 14 million poems and as you can see their suggestion was well be sure to copy and paste your poems before we go down so you can always remember them we're unable to save any customer information or poetry actually you don't hear that line a whole lot do you I'm sorry your poetry is unavailable so we were like okay well we can do this so we did within a short time we start getting banned locked out so we switch ip's they lock out more we have someone switch IPS and we watch as an entire range is blocked out we realized there's a person or persons there stopping us so we switched to s3 and and and we switched to Amazon instances and we start doing it that way and they run out of ways to block us out they threaten one of my members who is in Australia and fifteen with legal whatever and I'm trying to explain to them that a cease desist is not a lawsuit he's 15 years old he's in Australia he's probably not going to be flown to America for downloading poetry without a license Interpol is not gonna get in on this shit but you know whatever make the kid nervous but basically they were like no no you don't understand we're actually gonna be bought out so we this will survive so we know what you're doing it's okay but we're not and I was like cut it's great you said that fuck you and just kept going at it so it turned out there as far as we can determine that we're on like one shared server in some space that's what their problem was we kept we're essentially like I said doing a distributed preservation of service attack we took these guys out we were taking them out making a duplicate of them so we got lots of millions and millions of poems which we're holding on to because they did go down by the way at 12:01 of the day they announced they're going down I could tell that there was like one guy being like because we were watching cases a couple of nights we would actually watch the blocking slowed down because we figured out people got tired and went home and with like by 3:00 in the morning our Australia guys are like oh wow free and clear and so let me tell you man nothing's greater than when you give somebody a goal that has blanketed on it some sort of moral righteousness it does lead to some awesome shit and fire anyway so basically they you know they're there they might come back they might not so sometimes you got to be a little rough or try not to be so Google
Videos announced it was going down now we were scared because Google Videos is huge so we did it anyway we started downloading we were somewhere in like the 9th or 10th terabyte downloading geo cities we had a distributed system that would download from these things and we were like yep gonna say that what an embarrassment google video what an embarrassment what about YouTube why don't you just transfer stuff to YouTube what the hell is wrong with you what why are we doing this what's wrong with you Yahoo with UGC sorry yahoo to Google and and basically a week or two in they give
us an update the update says ok we're not going down we're gonna add a migrate to YouTube button we're gonna do what we need to do so basically the what they what I found out later is on internal internal in Google they went look what archive team is saying this is really embarrassing we have to stop this okay and so they went yeah got it so they went basically you know okay we give up and so we won all right
what a few times we won it's nice to win so what's this guy with nine track tapes guys got Usenet that is using it from 1981 to 1991 alright so here's what
happened so basically this stuff is what became Dasia went into the Google purchase of deja News which then became Google Groups and Google then proceeded to ruin it okay if you know anything about Usenet they ruined it unequivocably and we made a very important discovery a lot of people are starting to think of Google as some sort of archive or library okay that they're exploring all this data and even though they're running ads they're really storing all this data but Google is a library or an archive in the same way that a supermarket is a food museum okay these guys are basically gonna do whatever they got to do so we took it we took back we found the original archives that Google had taken and we put them up on that the UT Zoo tapes and
people were doing with them an archive team member did this not really associated with us but did it and and as part of us old Usenet he is doing a real-time posting of Usenet with a 30 year lag so you can go on connect with a news reader and go experience what it was like this particular one says perhaps you're not aware of it but a new Star Trek movie is in the making this summer while that is all well and good there was a problem with it it seems that Leonard Nimoy will no longer be available for the role of Spock and thus they're killing them off loyal Trekkies here have taken great offense to this as well they should there are better ways to remove the necessity of having the character present anyway so that's good and then we never saw Leonard Nimoy again so you can connect to this thing and be able to use it right now that's living history Telecom I don't have time
to go into it tella hack dot-com okay it looks like a command line it is an entire world years of command line history or at that site spend a little time on it get an account unbelievable all resuscitated from old archives and I don't mind being made fun
of although this whole thing right this is the stuff where my teammates awake in front of me we believe in life life lots of great crazy humor so where else do we go from here well we got a group called
wiki team they've written a thing from the outside downloads tons and tons of wiki's and we'll grab it and then we've been putting them up so we've got wiki team so if you if your wiki is like dying we're gonna grab it and we make the tools available so you can grab any wiki from anywhere else URL team because
you're all shortening with a fucking awful idea URL shortening is like DNS retarded you're gonna let some third party generally decide what everything you do directs to you are stupid I understand use of URL shorteners on a per site basis making a Flickr that's flk are whatever you know that makes sense but this is awful because if these things go down now anyone looking at the history it's like people are talking cryptographic code here's this awesome site thing you can't figure out so we have been taking them on and we and and this group over here has been basically taking all these old URL shorteners and turning them into archives that we then torrent so I also want to point out this is quantum X Drona's or Sol ser s web underscore not me all right this is not just a Jason Scott project these guys I'm just I'm planning a fire but but these guys are going somewhere with it and they don't always need me and it's very important what else what's left to save so I don't know
if many of you know Lynn Sussman he was a wonderful cryptographer a wonderful human being who took his own life just a very short period of time ago his his wake was just last week actually and he was a big presenter at Def Con if you start going through the archives we will find him there he's a brilliant person who left a lot of friends and a lot of memories and he's a wonderful guy and his widow said to me can you archive him so I started project called away from
keyboard this is on and what we're doing is we are collecting artifacts from various people who have passed on to turn them into collections of files that at least we can get some piece of these people who are gone and we can remember them to build from them so it doesn't always have to be about websites it doesn't always have to be disks that I'm trying to save here it's everything and I think that's just critical what are we learn here well we learned
I'm really loud we learned I do a lot of profanity but I think hopefully you'll look at a website that's going down is for something that's dying and you'll say to yourself okay that's not just a piece of crap that's something that's meaningful to people that's something that matters to people and I hope that that you know peace sticks with you if nothing else I did so my final question for you is okay is there anyone here from archive team no fuck you you are all in archive team I officially deputize you you are allowed to be an archive team go where you need to keep backups store them somewhere throw them over to someplace you don't remember give me copies later or give my successor copies later about these things because it turns out what you walk in in is history because the hardest part of history is to be there when it happens that's the hardest part of any historians job and by being what you are right now doing is you're in companies you are with people you are visiting things and you are with history and so please save it for the future because the future will wonder why the fuck we all thought under construction gifs were so important
sometimes I put that as my user profile when I'm downloading a site it gets the message doesn't it I'm just saying if you take your site down I'll see you there Jason Scott archive team thank you
for coming and please one more bit dedicated the Tim wrecker who unfortunately died before really giving a big presentation here so I'm just proud to say my secret co-presenter Tim wrecker thank you so much