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Meleagris gallopavo silvestris (Meleagrididae) - Kampfverhalten der Hähne


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Formal Metadata

Title Meleagris gallopavo silvestris (Meleagrididae) - Kampfverhalten der Hähne
Alternative Title Meleagris gallapavo silvestris (Meleagrididae) - Fighting Behaviour of Male Turkeys
Author Schleidt, Wolfgang M.
Schleidt, Margret
License No Open Access License:
German copyright law applies. This film may be used for your own use but it may not be distributed via the internet or passed on to external parties.
DOI 10.3203/IWF/E-487
IWF Signature E 487
Publisher IWF (Göttingen)
Release Date 1962
Language Original sound, no spoken text
Producer IWF
Production Year 1962

Content Metadata

Subject Area Life Sciences
Abstract Truthahn. Herstellung der sozialen Rangordnung: Schnabelaufrichten, Drohhals, Pfum, Taubenton-Ritual (Wegtreiben eines Rangtieferen), Kollern. Kampf: Anspringen, Versuche, den Gegner mit den Läufen zu schlagen, begleitet von Trillern, Taubenton, Ngg und Drohhals, Hacken nach der nackten Haut an Hals und Kopf des Gegners, Wegschieben oder Versuche, den Kopf des Gegners herunterzudrücken.
The movie shows the various forms of treat and fighting, which help to establish and maintain the social hierarchy within the flock. Upright, threat-neck (threat-posture restpectively; both types frequently accompained by trill), and strut (which also occurs as courtship display) are behavioural acts, used to threaten conspecifics. The hierarchy seems too be maintained by the T-ritual: the tom approaches a lower ranking male and performs the T-movement, and tries to force him to leave or to face away. Fights start frequently from a situation, in which a lower ranking tom does ot accept the initimidation, and threatens. Gobbling occurs commenly in this situation. The actual fight starts with jumping: one torn triess to strike his opponent on his back; in case of success the one struck gives up. If, however, the opponents jumps also, the fight continues, interrupted only by episodes of threat-neck or threat-posture, both start pecking at the nakeed skin at the ground, or to push each other. This wrestling match lasts for some time (minutes to hours), and is fought with great physical strength and endurance, until one gives up. the victor usually persues the defeated one strutting, or giving the T-ritual. Behavioral elements shown in this movie: ngg, trill, gobbling, T-display, yelp, struct-posture, strut, threat, jumping, pecking, wrestling, and treading in vacuo.
Keywords Wildputer
Huhn / Truthuhn
Meleagris gallopavo
Rangordnung / Aves
Lautäußerung / Galliformes
Kampfverhalten / Galliformes
Drohen / Aves
threatening / Aves
fighting behaviour / Galliformes
vocal utterance / Galliformes
pecking order / Aves
Meleagris gallopavo
wild turkey

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