6th HLF – Interviews with mathematics and computer science laureates: Silvio Micali

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6th HLF – Interviews with mathematics and computer science laureates: Silvio Micali
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Laureates at the 6th HLF sit down with Tom Geller, Tom Geller Productions, to discuss their career, mentoring and their experience at the Heidelberg Laureate Forum (HLF). These renowned scientists have been honored with most prestigious awards in mathematics and computer science: Abel Prize, ACM A.M. Turing Award, ACM Prize in Computing, Fields Medal and Nevanlinna Prize. The opinions expressed in this video do not necessarily reflect the views of the Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation or any other person or associated institution involved in the making and distribution of the video. Background: The Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation (HLFF) annually organizes the Heidelberg Laureate Forum (HLF), which is a networking event for mathematicians and computer scientists from all over the world. The HLFF was established and is funded by the German foundation the Klaus Tschira Stiftung (KTS), which promotes natural sciences, mathematics and computer science. The HLF is strongly supported by the award-granting institutions, the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM: ACM A.M. Turing Award, ACM Prize in Computing), the International Mathematical Union (IMU: Fields Medal, Nevanlinna Prize), and the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (DNVA: Abel Prize). The Scientific Partners of the HLFF are the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS) and Heidelberg University.

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what is your work for which you receive
the Turing award well it's about two
about encryption in and somehow laying down the foundation for a digital security at large an encryption in particular and so a way to which you know you can actually after a lot of trial and error to have a rigorous mathematical foundation so that you're able to prove a beta and with a certain encryption mechanism is capable not only on IDing the message but also saying partial information about the messages and that you want to send and so so that you can actually evaluate and how good is a system and compare systems and making sure of it and all you have a higher standard for for our digital security okay now think back to when you were a student were there any people who were especially influential on you absolutely first of all I believe that we are our teachers that is true for academics like me scientists in particular and everybody else even just humans right so very often no no I don't believe that we choose a field but so much so that perhaps we choose people whom we like and we inspire us to a29 certain fields and so particularly Mike in my case you'd be surprised but I had a phenomenal elementary school team teachers between EF 3rd and 5th year of elementary school and there was a phenomenal teacher that allowed us to express our opinion without getting distracted making policy during the class so I thought it was so much you know fun or learning wow I never stopped and then later on my passion for Martha I came in or even middle schools and I had a fabulous professor and she really inspired me to get into mathematics and and then you know continuing when I entered I finally in I started in physics and but you know because the physics needs a lot of math they thought of it was a good idea to have a semester of math courses courses for a semester in mathematics followed by a semester of physics and then year Taulbee mix the marshal mafia the teacher in mathematics in the first semester was so phenomenal so sending this Luciano DeVito there was his name that even not seen any thesis I already decided I want to be a mathematician period okay and I had the phenomenal style he taught by examples and problems and challenges to solve problems and as you try to solve the sponsor became more and more and more sophisticated you had somehow developed and all the theory even the definitions or the technique and it was amazing and you were saying
that he presented problems so problems and then it was a very unique style and the first time vayan con uncontroverted it's also DeVito had the a notion of mathematics in which have been saying definition theorems proof definition theorem proves he start saying how do you solve this problem and very often solving this problem obliges us to define some objects and in vain and to try to develop a technique or some form of solution and to find leveraging solution to previous problems so now you only don't only have a tool but actually about technique something that you use more and more often it was phenomenal and you felt that you were reinventing mathematics okay and the it helped me tremendously first of all to fall in love with mathematics and second of all this ability to frame and define things stayed with me because in my career I almost have preferred fields which were not existing or very poorly defined so part of a poem was actually to find a conceptual framework to to study them and so I think that I have a lot to thank him for and then later on also in in still in my undergraduate I found the finally discrete mathematics with Professor or Corrado been in the University of Rome and so I started getting into a little bit computation even vilest abstract way and a mathematical logic also with a copy me and so from analysis when I turn the to more discrete math and then I ended up enough I'm doing my doctorate in computer science at this point and my advice of was a Manuel Blum a very very inspiring adviser and I were doing a wood window and I was in a phenomena also class sometimes you know students can learn as much from each other as from their teachers and I had the same a spectacular colleagues Shafiq of the passage was of course my co-winner of the world and but also my Clube lived in tornado codes and the jihad jihad exceptional algorithm is so he was a really fantastic and time to be at Berkeley that was not only Manuel Blum but also feature carp in the AU both doing Award winner he was the place to be it so it was and he could have been actually from a student it was actually empowering so these were people who's never been squashing you by making you feel small they managed to actually give you the tool to grow and around what year with the surgeon that is nineteen eighty eighty to my I started in 79 but uh before and I start attending such a level courses one year passed the soul I started in 79 is home and I dat tomb is this 80 81 82 biz aware of a fears I was in Berkeley and there were fabulous times and and I really believe that the interaction was very intense and somehow in some sense a better motivated me also to start developing a theory of interaction over can you do more together but you can do alone all this notion of interactive tools and things that actually M resonances so you know one can understand basically by seeing much more productive I was a given but right peers around em actually that seems like a good time I know your time is very limited at the moment because you have the panel to go to but that seems like a good place to segue to the way that people interact here at the HLF is this isn't the first one I know is my second time and I think is a is a great venue and so somehow first of all so we had to realize how little we do interact because somehow the system is rigged towards a specialization and solving very determined very well-defined problem and if you want to do that then you are better off to work even alone or the one to colleagues really share with you your go about solving a problem with you you care about but I think that for relevance is very important in any science and and to really be relevant so you must interact with the rest of the world and the notion of bringing together laureates from mathematics and a from computer science together with young people who are going to become an all great minds an already I get the scientists already and he is a fantastic idea and because um the first of all on the breath that is in favor of knowledge and also you have a generational aspect because no I mean science is a social process and you need to be social Union to the care of worst of all about your appears and then also the the future generation and Netflix makes spatial to it might be not to be an academic of it an or you always have this a new mind of it are that challenge you all the time and they and you can see if a problem is good or bad the best indicator is do the students like it okay so you can put investments have a great notes for what the research matters and so you can actually have been searching the problems by going along and trying to judge it yourself sometimes and all if you just listen to your students and then you'll know it's something in any matters or not now let's say that you have a student who who feels blocked who feels like they don't know what to do next really feel just discouraged about their field in general what would you say to them well first of all I'm yet to say first of all in today's welcome to the club and so I was discovered think so first of all and people think that the discovery is a linear progression he doesn't work of it way he's a tortuous path and you get lost along the way many times is in the nature of a business and so first of all just by sharing MIT but that helps a lot but the other thing is that if possible to prevent to the stage so I think what you want to do and what is great in a full immersion system and when you actually live and breathe research by being a continually Merson it is a good thing because if you meet with your students and every day to so try to solve the problem if you're not discouraged they're not discovered okay or or at least the one of a tool is not discouraged and the effort keeps on
going so if you somehow research is so participatory ma you know you only need to know one one enthusiastic person in the group and nobody loses enthusiasm its contagious its contagious I know that your time is running short so is there anything else you'd like to say either about the forum or about the participants or about your interaction with people so I think you know is we need more of this type of interactions I really think of it the problems are not segregated by disciplines only artificial problems are suggested by disciplines the world problems are whatever they are and we need all the manpower we can in order to to come out victorious and so to Evan in my opinion an international community from a variety of disciplines are getting together is the only way to remind us that we are all in together we are not segregated by Nations when you want to solve the problems and we are not segregated by in disciplines either it's over real important problems are really some our international and we don't know what tools to use and so therefore it's very important that once in a while we get together to exchange DNA so to speak techniques thoughts and and even addresses from numbers people that you know that you can talk to and I want to have a second conversation that is really invaluable so it I think of it as a as a great and somatic effect metanor you can start our here in a formal likeness and some processes who service also may actually come one two years later and and so I'm very glad that I'm the vision of dr. Sheeler daily basis of and at the division and wrong in the vision of our shall be my stamina to create a program like a known wearable art form which is a marvelous idea and a marvelous recipe so I I wish hold the best for continuous success it seems like a good place to stop thank you so much for a long time [Music]


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