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Hydromermis contorta (Nematoda) - Eindringen des Parasiten in den Wirt Chironomus thummi (Diptera)

Video in TIB AV-Portal: Hydromermis contorta (Nematoda) - Eindringen des Parasiten in den Wirt Chironomus thummi (Diptera)

Formal Metadata

Title
Hydromermis contorta (Nematoda) - Eindringen des Parasiten in den Wirt Chironomus thummi (Diptera)
Alternative Title
Hydromermis contorta (Nematoda) - Penetrating into the Host Chironomus thummi (Diptera) by the Parasite
Author
License
CC Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 3.0 Germany:
You are free to use, copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in unchanged form for any legal and non-commercial purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
Identifiers
IWF Signature
E 1926
Publisher
Release Date
1973
Language
Silent film
Producer
IWF (Göttingen)
Production Year
1971

Technical Metadata

IWF Technical Data
Film, 16 mm, 86 m ; F, 8 min

Content Metadata

Subject Area
Abstract
Klebrigwerden des Fadenwurms nach Kontakt mit der Zuckmücke, Festhaften des Parasiten, Tätigkeit des Stiletts und Injizieren von Sekret, Eindringen durch die gebohrte Öffnung, Zwischenaufenthalt in der selbstgeschaffenen "Hypodermistasche", Durchbruch durch die Basalmembran und Übergang in die Leibeshöhle, Heranwachsen in der Leibeshöhle, Verlassen des Wirtes.
The film demonstrates the mode of penetration of infectious larvae of the parasite Hydromermis contorta (Nematoda: Mermithidae) into larvae of Chironomus thummi (Insecta: Diptera). The introductory scenes present a Chironomus larva together with infectious larva of the parasite. Then the different phases of penetration into the host are demonstrated: 1. In response to contact with the host the surface of the infectious larva becomes sticky. 2. The infectious larva adheres as a gluing spirale onto the cuticle of the host. 3. Its stylet (pharyngostyl) is thrusted into the cuticle where it injects a cuticle dissolving substance. 4. The infectious larva enters the host through the fabricated hole; thereby the sticky substance on its surface is stripped off and closes the entrance as a plug behind the invading parasite. 5. An intermediary stay of the parasite occurs in an artificial space between the cuticle and the basement membrane ("hypodermal pocket"). 6. The parasite ruptures the basement membrane and moves into the body cavity of the host. The last scenes depict mermithids of different ages within the Chironomus larva and finally the emergence of fully grown parasites out of the host.
Keywords Zuckmücke Wurm / Fadenwurm Fadenwurm Chironomus thummi Hydromermis contorta Parasitismus / Nematoden parasitism / nematodes Hydromermis contorta Chironomus thummi threadworm non-biting midge Encyclopaedia Cinematographica
IWF Classification Umweltwissenschaft/Ökologie Biologie Parasitismus (Zoologie) Interspezifische Beziehungen (Zoologie) Symbiose Populationsökologie (Zoologie) Ökologie (Zoologie) Nematodes - Fadenwürmer Nemathelminthes - Rundwürmer Ethologie, Morphologie Zoologie zoology ethology, morphology nemathelminthes - roundworms nematodes - threadworms biology ecology (zoology) population ecology (botany) interspecific relationships (botany) symbiosis
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