Generation O – scaling open practices in Higher Education

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Generation O – scaling open practices in Higher Education
How can we help “open-pioneers”, “-innovators” and “-activists” change the Higher Education System.
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The Open Science Conference 2021 is the 8th international conference of the Leibniz Research Alliance Open Science. The annual conference is dedicated to the Open Science movement and provides a unique forum for researchers, librarians, practitioners, infrastructure providers, policy makers, and other important stakeholders to discuss the latest and future developments in Open Science. #osc2021
good morning guten morgen and welcome again moinboin from northern germany my name is david patricia and once again it's my great honor and pleasure to be your host for day three of the open science conference today uh yeah before we get started a few quick things uh first of all professor klaus tuckerman and the entire zbw team they wanted to extend their their welcome for the third day and also to let you know this afternoon we have a fantastic panel discussion dealing with open science in a time of global crisis and that panel discussion will be moderated by klaus tufterman the director of zbw so that's really something to look forward to this afternoon also before i begin um we were talking about it in our warm-up this morning and again always a big thank you to our two technicians zachary and to ricardo for making everything look and sound so good and uh we wanted to say a big congratulations in case you were watching it here in germany it was in the evening around the world probably different times where we had on mars the rover perseverance land and absolutely um genza we say in german i'm forgetting my english here goosebumps really something really fantastic to watch and congratulations to all the astronaut scientists the mission was led by nasa but also many other countries including the european space agency played also a really important role in this and uh yeah really is a great example of how teamwork scientists people coming together and working for a positive thing and i highlight that because we need good news especially in 2021 so congratulations to everyone and looking forward to seeing what kind of information and what what we all learn about mars and how that information will be spread around of course probably with open data playing a part a big role of that okay and as promised i always like to start off with a little bit of fun we had two quiz questions yesterday so with the motto of learning something new every day i wanted to say what is the only metal that is a liquid at room temperature and the answer there was mercury and the second question is what is the first element on the periodic table and that was hydrogen i actually had to go back and look that up as a kid we always used to study that the periodic table so hope you enjoyed a little bit of fun with that quiz question yeah and i also had a remo one more organizational thing dealing with appointments i wanted to remind everyone you can schedule appointments for example with the speakers that you could not meet in the meet the speaker sessions or with poster presenters and you can schedule meetings with up to six people so you still have the chance to do that just go to the attendee hub and you can go ahead and make appointments because we want to try to be as interactive as possible okay i've got that out take a deep breath here as you can tell i'm a little bit excited it is day three and we just landed on mars so i am very excited but we are now ready to get to begin with day three of the open science conference and once again it is a great honor we have two distinguished guests with us this morning we'll be hearing from marta civil kessler as well as from leonard vaults and i wanted to begin by giving a brief introduction about marta marta is with the schtiffer band germany and the schtiffer band in english i guess we would call it the donors association and they primarily act as a thought leader and provide financial support to actors in academia that develop bottom up solutions the in osce future lab program works with multi-disciplinary teams and utilizes innovation methods to develop solutions for the most pressing challenges in education science as well as innovation marta's talk today is titled generation o scaling open practices in higher education how can we help open pioneers innovators and activists change the higher education system among other things she will reflect on ways of how open practices can be strengthened to become a powerful tool to make research and science more accessible in all arenas and in society it has really been a common theme these past few days transparency and accessibility and i hope we have good access now to marta marta hello can you hear and see me okay hello yes good morning good morning uh can you tell us where you are i believe it's somewhere in germany yes i'm in berlin actually ah the capital of the house shop wonderful and you know there are many many things to do and see in berlin maybe one personal highlight for you before we begin with your talk yes absolutely so um what i love about berlin i guess is that it's an international city and a big city and you get the energy you would expect from it but it's also a very green city and my personal highlight is temple rufa felt which is the old airport and it's just a huge uh green area and everyone is having a lot of fun there and enjoying life and this is very delightful it is beautiful it's almost like a central park of berlin and with a lot of history surrounding it okay thank you very much for sharing that so without further delay it is my great pleasure to introduce marta enters talk generation o scaling open practices in higher education marta the digital stage is yours
yes thank you so much david for the introduction and obviously a big shout out also for the team that organized the conference i'm very much appreciated and thank you so much i'm very excited to talk to you today about possibilities how we could scale open practices in higher education by supporting generation o meaning openness pioneers innovators and activists so
we we are innocei and we are an initiative by stiftufferband a german organization like david said and we are supported and funded by the federal ministry of education and research and we're also part of the high tech strategy 2025 by the german government and our approach is
that we want to link open science and open innovation bring them together in order to really um unleash or uncover the potential of an open innovation culture and with covet 19 we have seen that this is more important than ever because obviously we need science and research to increase our knowledge on the virus but also we need to really work and yeah work together across the disciplines across the sectors for example to find a cure to produce a vaccine and we also have to work together in order to inform political decision making and also to get buy-in by the people um we well our approach is we really support openness by design meaning um we have to think about openness starting with the skill set starting with the individuals but also to think about open methodologies we can use for uh research and also i'm thinking about how can we design successful organizations and obviously how can we shape our political systems and frameworks so that we are really supported and funded in a good way to support open research and innovation because we live believe only with openness and a very strategic approach on that we can manage um systemic innovation requirements like we see with covet 19 right now we can link existing knowledge um more effectively we can improve trust in research we heard that in quite a couple of times and obviously we can also increase relevance and impact of science and innovation to make it really work for us as a society and to make a make a difference here on that side
so generation oh how can we support them in a good way um we
believe that it's the individual that makes a difference so if we want to see a shift in open signs we have to look at the individual who is the driver so here in my picture you see margaret hamilton a fine individual she worked as a data scientist and she invented the computer code that helped us to land on the moon um and by the way or by chance she also was responsible to invent the software system itself so we wouldn't sit here today and have a digital conference if it wouldn't be for her and probably we couldn't do open signs we are doing it um right now if there wouldn't be her as a strong individual and uh yeah openness innovator or an innovator herself and it's the same with kubit 19 here in germany right now we are pretty proud that the two founders of biontech grew up in germany and there's quite a bit of storytelling going around how they really believed in their mission and how this moved the needles to make a difference
um so what can can we do to support um individuals so based on this key assumption um we as innocent and stifter band we developed an innovation lab called innocent future lab program where we invited 12 openness innovators and practitioners to work with us in a created design thinking process so we came together for two sprints where we really try to explore the ecosystem and the field of open signs and open practices in higher education to understand the issues individuals are facing to um understand why um why can't we scale open science open practice in an easy way like we would like to see it and we contracted interviews and then we worked on a set on possible solutions um to give advice and some help how to really escape or support generation o
so um here i approach you our design team um who worked on the process and you can see that we have a broad and wide um set of backgrounds but each of them are working on supporting openness in their specific fields is that open innovation or open access or how can we increase impact and with the help of the design team we were able to create a 360 degree perspective to really understand the problem and then to think about good solutions
so what are the potential needs and fields of actions if we think about open openness innovators and pioneers
um so we regard open signs as a wicked problem wicked problems are hard problems because if they would be easy i guess um we would practice open signs everywhere already and so wicked block problems are defined through a couple of things so it's very hard for them to well they are complex first of all they um they are multi they are multi-layers they are unclear responsibilities if you want to solve them and obviously you need um to really change behavior and their unforeseen um results and consequences if you want to move them and if you regard that or if we utilize this as a lens that we could lends the wicked problem to look at open signs it becomes very clear um what the challenges are and why there are a couple of hurdles we have to overcome so um when we did our analysis and tried to understand um higher education and the challenges for open science it became obvious that there are many players and stakeholders involved and there are many inter interdependencies and we have identified three main groups and that's very high level obviously but um we see open um policy makers who really shape the system and create the framework where we are working in then we have enablers these are people who work in supporting roles in particular at university so that could be poor people for example working for an open access office and then we have the innovators who really practice open practice and um yeah move the needle here on the impact by doing so so i brought you a couple of quotes because um we believe that um we have to understand the individuals to um to really understand the problem so if you follow the design thinking process you need to understand um the problems to then think about the solutions so um it's important not to jump into solutions straight away but first understand the perspective of the other person and get in their shoes and so we have the openness innovators and i will read out some quotes for you so we hear people saying if we put a focus on quality research will be better off i believe we all think that it depends very much on individual peoples open science topics are referred from a to b and no one feels responsible um we didn't get the tools we needed from the university there is no support and we cannot convince deniers with the openness argument rather it makes sense to find suitable solutions to the proper problem of skepticism and then finally we have given up hope that the german research foundation will impose top-down open science requirements so if we look at the perspective of open enablers so again people who support open practice and innovators we heard them saying open science became part of the university strategy because there was funding for it i would like us to do open signs not only for the sake of money and then we heard and we heard that a couple of times in other presentations over the last two days younger researchers in particular are more open to open science while their older colleagues are skeptical they asked why they should publish their research data at all then we also heard we need new job profiles and technical know-how finally enabler said we must not simply provide infrastructure and resources that create experimental spaces where things can be dried out where people can work together and then obviously we have the policy makers and here it's important if we look at policy maker these are people who are in decision makers in or at university but also in administration and in politics and so um we heard them saying in open science i have always signaled do what you think is right as university management i did not take this on board and then rectorads don't know what their open science experts are doing two parallel words exist there open science arrives at university leadership and it's delegated elsewhere and then we heard from people working in the administration and in the ministry saying open science must be demanded by science so that politics can act as catalysts we are only a few employees for open science in the ministry complex uh it is complicated to reconcile all interests so if we look at these um personal individual quotes it obviously it's um easy to also make assumptions um about the systemic challenges and also to think and develop some solutions so in general um we can see on a systemic level there's a lack of knowledge about open science among policy makers there's a lack of strategic inquiry anchoring at the university management there's none systemic identification and promotion and structures and hierarchy makes it very difficult for innovators to even get through with their concerns and the innovators themselves they have um obviously there are limits to the individual commitment and it's a very high time commitment that is even required to um yeah get new knowledge and skills and open science and obviously we heard that a lot as well it's not rewarded by the scientific reputation system which is a huge problem on the other hand we have a lack of know-how job profiles at university levels are not updated and a funding policy is not aligned with open practices at all which is difficult as well so sorry i think my slide skipped i will go through it very quickly
so what a possible solution and opportunities and we can recommend for policy makers to really dive into these issues
um so there um are a couple that we can um point out because um so we see that we have to incorporate open practices into job profiles and staffing decisions if we want to make a difference we want to um professionalize open practices through structure services budget and we also have to promote a culture of innovation in the administration and ministries themselves to make the difference and move the needle and we have also to build a better open standard of open practices and the knowledge and skills across all sectors not only in higher education but also um in school and also in in the economic sector when we want to and think across all sectors and then obviously we have to think about better ways to appreciate open innovators and to um consider their concerns and then utilize them as experts to co-design polity policies and align funding policies as well with their their own specific needs um so there are a couple of starting points that we identified with our project um so very hands-on solutions for people who work in higher education and who are in a position to to make a difference and support generation o so um we can um open up spaces and promote exchange between open practitioners we have to recognize and support innovators and we also have to expand their knowledge and skill set and enabling learning and experimentation in higher education in general and then obviously we have to create strategies and um shape organization um on a broader level so um
the design team in future lab they came up with three prototypes um that can be utilized at higher education to promote generation o and one is a self-assessment tool and maturity model for open practices that helps decision makers and leadership at university to really understand do where do we stand with open practices at our organization and what could be tools and things we could do to move the needle and we will pilot um this prototype this year and also work with universities to really make it bulletproof and then scale it also to an international level to utilize it to better understand um what is the ecosystem and and how do we have to assess that then um the design team um designed an incubator for a strengtheners open signs and also scaling problem solving competencies and there will be a toolbox where we can learn about what can we do in higher education to really invite people or have people from all sectors who come to the university and have a program in residence where we can learn from each other and the third prototype that was developed and by the team is an elective learning module um which is a certificated online course where again people from all sectors come together and co-design the content to really combine research and practice
so um these are some concepts that we will scale but then obviously the question is so what could um leadership or policy make us do straightaway in a very easy manner to make a difference in higher education and so we captured here a couple of ideas and recommendation and um the first one is to include open science activities and capabilities in grant and appointment criteria and also use it as a tool for career development at universities and then obviously it's important to provide human and technical support structures and then promote the acquisition of knowledge on the part of researchers and science managers then one opportunity is to really gain access to external or internal knowledge carriers through interdisciplinary teams job rotation fellowships um it's an opportunity to strengthen major science at your university and then very important to strengthen creativity and innovation through working methods so you could for example like design thinking that we used to um come to our solution you could um introduce that to your working culture or agile working methodologies etc and then um it would be um an easy way to move the needle to create local or digital meeting spaces by event that could be conferences like we are on right now or a hackathon but also very low key lunch breaks where creatives come together and you learn from their needs and they learn from each other and then obviously you can increase visibility and appreciation if you introduce rewards etc so um i come to the end um so what's now
actually the future is now and we are
all in and in to it together because um everyone who is on the conference today obviously is generation oh and we can support each other and so there are so many great projects and initiatives going on and if we keep pushing then we also can change the system as an individual but also on a systemic level and i'm really looking forward to doing that together with you um and yes um i would like to invite you to join our online community and i'm calling all creators to um yeah really join forces and let's move the needle together thank you so much thank you very much marta i have to say the presentation was excellent and we already have many many questions so i'm just going to cut the small talk and go straight to the questions we have a few minutes to answer a few of them um let me start off with the first question do you know of any statistics studies that show that young researchers are more open to os and how does this openness show concretely right so there actually it's more a gut feeling and i think obviously we don't do um researchers who are in the system for a very long time justice if you just say it's a young people it's actually not i'm not quite correct it's a broad spectrum of people who really support open science open practice openness um but it's sometimes easier or to see it more we see it more often with youngest younger and people who really um push for it and are very um energized about it as well very good our next question how much do open innovation practices have in common with open science practices yeah so i mean there are always huge discussion that we can't just um yeah just pretend that open innovation and open science are the same and they are not but we really believe there are open practices like um open data for example that we see along the um the research process and the innovation funnel that work for both concepts where we could say well we have open data um research and science are doing it and we can really utilize the data for increase our knowledge base and to impact society but it also goes the other way around so um also companies um can work open data and they have data that we could utilize to really um build on research and to um yeah help society to get informed in a better way and so i think there are some areas that are we have to um think about in separate boxes but there are many approaches and practices that really work for open science and open innovation and if we link that and we create a community where we can really collaborate across the disciplines across the sectors then we get the sweet point where we really can move the needle and we benefit as a society yeah excellent our next question how can we support os practices in younger learners in grade school yeah actually i think this is probably the starting point we already should think about creativity innovation open practices when we think about our school system and um i think it really again starts with generation oh i mean if we have teachers who really make sure that um concepts where you collaborate are um strengthened and supported at school then we can already um learn it there but um it's usually i mean we know it from our own school that sometimes it's more like these testing scenarios you have to know things and you have to come up with the right answer yourself but i think there's already um a lot going on where um kids in school already learn how to collaborate and um yeah i think it's definitely the system that we need to change and we have to uh push for an open innovation culture and creativity and openness um as something that is really valued and um yeah we have a learning culture on that absolutely good correct in everyday life as well i agree um we have a great question from carolina doran the question is how to convince senior members of my institute about open science they have established carriers and are in a very comfortable position what do they gain from it in other words can you give me an elevator pitch i can use to convince them yeah yeah i mean i think we heard one of the quotes that i read out to you is that um it's not you can't really convince um people who are deniers or skeptical about it it's more you really need to think what do they want and what do they need so what is it that um yeah the leadership team wants and needs is it maybe more visibility is it maybe create research partnerships is it new ideas and i think when you find again these sweet spots then it's easier to say oh well i have a solution and openness or open science open practices open innovation could be the answer for exactly the problem you have because um yeah we can tap into the collective brain power of people and the collective brain power you might have in your organization and there might be already solutions um that you can utilize for the new problem you you just um found and mentioned thank you very much now we have a lot of questions but i'm going to try to go to two or three more real quick fantastic round here um the next question is do you have any examples of self assessment tools for os yeah so actually this is what we want to develop right now and this is the tool i also presented and um as i said it will be a um there will be a pilot phase and then it will be also provided
to the community so that everyone can utilize um the self-assessment tool to understand where do i stand with my open practices where does my organization stand and hopefully at one point we also can see where's where our different countries are right now with open practices and then we can make a comparison and learn from each other very good next question related to the question on young researchers versus old researchers isn't it also a question of research fields some feels being more open than others yes that's absolutely true i think every field there are opportunities to be open but obviously there are some fields where there is much more pressure and sometimes it seems to be easier if we are data driven for example than if you work in the social science but um obviously that that's true and again it's uh just a gut feeling of the person we interviewed saying that it's um the younger people are doing much more i think that shouldn't be generalization at that point i think we are all generational yeah i totally agree on that uh this next question i i contribute to it's from robbie morrison let me start with that i contribute to an open energy modeling community open mod of some 400 plus members our biggest barrier is the eu database directive 96 9 ec creating legally encumbered public data sets can you comment i'm not familiar with that are you familiar with that yeah so i mean i can comment on that the legal issues are usually a huge barrier and often we see that if we really talk about cooperation collaboration research partnership it's a huge undertaking to really clarify um the legal questions before we even start working together and obviously on the you you basically that's the case as well and i think we we still have to do a lot of work there and i think there it's again something that where um politics and administration has to um find good solutions where we create safe spaces but also um utilize opportunity and it's a lot about trust as well and we could also think about standard um standard formats that we could utilize to um really yeah move the needle again on that but yeah it's we hear that all the time and it's a huge problem and there are many individual questions and not one solution fits at all okay super time for two more quick questions i'd ask you also to keep you've been fantastic but keep the answers as short as possible is open and innovation a different way of defining what companies see as pre-competitive spaces what is the role universities can play in creating such space such places can can you repeat so the question is that um sure i'll read it again is open in innovation a different way of defining what companies see as pre-competitive spaces what is the role universities can play in creating such places yeah i think actually um it's all about um creating space for experimentation and i think university can really play a major role in providing these space spaces there i mean already existing many innovation hubs for example at university where people come together and companies are invited or we have campus um where um yeah companies provide spaces where maybe also university um players come in but um i think it's always good if university or higher education goes in a leading role on that because that's obviously a little bit more neutral than when companies think about um open innovation but actually again i think there are areas where it's not only about um competition also with companies nowadays it's really companies also have a social responsibility and they have a need to play a role in really shaping our future and if we think about the new innovation fields like mobility for example or um if we think about energy etc it becomes clear it can't be just a competitive um thing that companies work on it's something where we have to involve um the society we have to involve university we have to involve research science and again i think we need to experiment more play more in this um field and um yes i think universities are the in the neutral level fantastic martial last question and i think you'll enjoy this question would you say more about your online community is it international and how can we join yes so right now it's actually german-based but we are very happy to um we want to be international and i'm actually hoping that this um maybe today is the starting point and so you will find our community so it's an um yeah online community you will find it on our home and yeah shoot me an email if you have any question or join and then we will invite you and you can participate it's really about a community um driven um effort where we create the community creates what's going on there super thank you very much marty can i ask you a quick question uh we have the meet the speakers happening here in germantime central european time at 12 15. will you be there for that as well i will be there and i'm looking forward to more more questions and a broad discussion and many ideas also from you um what we could do better and where we can yeah make a difference fantastic then as is our tradition here we want to give you a digital round of applause from around the world thank you very much a great way to start off our day three really a fantastic presentation and yeah i also just got the numbers in we have almost 200 attendees this morning so i think you've reached a really good audience and uh yeah congratulations great job if you can stick around for our second talk for this morning