The Journal of European Psychology Students – A decade of student-organised scientific publishing as peer-education

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The Journal of European Psychology Students – A decade of student-organised scientific publishing as peer-education
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The Open Science Conference 2021 is the 8th international conference of the Leibniz Research Alliance Open Science. The annual conference is dedicated to the Open Science movement and provides a unique forum for researchers, librarians, practitioners, infrastructure providers, policy makers, and other important stakeholders to discuss the latest and future developments in Open Science.
it is my great pleasure to introduce our second distinguished guest for this morning leonard vols is with the journal of european psychology students in the netherlands and uh let me first check leonard are you there can you hear me and see me yes i can hear and see you fantastic very good the journal of european psychology students is it jeff's leonard or jeps what do you prefer uh jeff's okay just wanted to check jeps is a student-run journal providing an opportunity for bachelors and master students to gain publishing experience today leonard's talk entitled the journal of european psychology students a decade of student organized scientific publishing as peer education really centers around the journal's founding ideals how it developed and how jeps implements open science in public and publicizing student research and specifically how peer education can add value beyond a traditional university education so leonard quick question if i'm not mistaken you are in the beautiful city of amsterdam correct yes correct could you tell us maybe a highlight you mentioned in our in our uh in our warm-ups that you arrived in amsterdam in the in the lockdown and haven't had a chance to explore so much what's anything you're looking forward to exploring shall we say in amsterdam uh i guess just in general the city i've heard it's pretty nice so far it feels quite empty but i hear that that's usually a bit different um but yeah i think just exploring the city in general um that's hopefully possible again well i can just say enjoy the the empty streets because i'm sure once things do get better with corona and that will happen soon the crowds will be back so enjoy the peace and quiet in amsterdam a very unique experience good then without further delay leonard the digital stage is yours yeah uh yeah thank you um
[Music] okay there there's me um yeah i have the honor to quickly present the journal of european psychology students to you and try to incorporate a couple of points about open science and student research and connect that to open education principles as well and then kind of touch on the challenges we face as a student-run outlet for publishing which might be familiar to uh to many of you um in open science or in other open science initiatives as well um yeah just quickly to me i am a research master student at the university of epsom right now um just started earlier um this semester so uh last just last year my focus is on statistics and methodology more broadly and kind of in my free time i am somehow somehow got interested in open science publishing um and been doing that for a couple of years now as well um to quickly start off i would like to quick uh introduce jabs uh what we do so we are a scientific journal um that is fully run by students uh in order to publish research by other students um specifically as david already said on the level of bachelor's and master's students so that's kind of the focus here and um we focus on psychology that's kind of where our background comes from but we also publish research from adjacent fields which kind of connect just like psychological questions be it neuroscience behavioral economics um and but on the other and also kind of open science questions around um research uh we have a couple of papers uh that look at how from a more meta perspective how research is is done in psychology um and yeah we publish both empirical research and social reviews um and we're also happy to publish wrestling reports since 2016 as i think the only student journal that does that um yeah and jeps is part of the european federation of psychology students associations um which is the umbrella organization of national students organizations in psychology so we do have access to a larger network of students all over europe um which is also nice and doing what we do um but yeah we kind of want to start off with the foundation so jobs now exist since 20 2009 so a bit over a decade by now kind of already 12 years time flies by and yeah there's kind of this question of why is there need for for jabs or student journals in general and i think those connect very closely to open access principles where um as um as uh student research often uh or specifically wasp still is is up often lost and be abyss so to say not accessible to others kind of just on on some local um computers um and which is unfortunate because oftentimes students conduct interesting research conduct high quality research and there are considerable benefits to that being accessible as well to other students but also to the research community more broadly and on the other hand this work then also goes unrecognized by the community at large and that's at least to me one of the key aspects of open science that the effort you put into scientific research should be recognized as a valuable contribution contribution specifically for early career researchers as well and another important thing there is that public publication as one of as a very crucial step in the research process is probably the thing that is touched on in uh curricular educa education at least you seldomly go this last step of actually getting your work out there um and we feel like this is important to provide to students um and yeah and then lastly uh just as a quick utilitarian point it is also a career opportunity being able to get published for application processes for example for phd applications after your master's to have some evidence of research activities and writing skills however yeah so that's kind of why there is this need but i don't want to touch on how we do
this specifically um because there of course are some uh issues around publishing student research given that the experience is not that uh often just not that pronounced yet um and how we implement that is specifically with a two-stage reverb process where we divide it into kind of what we call technical revenue and content revenue a technical review which is done by our editorial board which i'm uh as editor-in-chief in jeb's currently heading which consists of students on both bachelor's and master's level who do a initial um review kind of looking at does a manuscript comply with our publishing criteria and give content feedback as as well as we can to improve the manuscript to a stage where uh we feel like it's ready to uh go into a proper peer review process where we are student editors and hand over to our associate editors usually phd students or kind of research on the postdocs stage however that's called the specific countries and they then handle the actual peer review where the manuscript then as as you're all aware of kind of gets gets out to external reviewers and they then make the editorial decisions so uh that um hopefully then uh leads to a period process that is as as good in um as with any other journal possibly uh even even better since there are just more eyes looking carefully over the manuscript given there there are two stages um yeah and so that also provides kind of an opportunity for for us to engage with ecrs beyond the student level kind of provide this opportunity for phd students to gain some editorial experience which they might otherwise only have at a later point in their career as well so that's another nice educational benefit there um [Music] yeah and i quickly want to touch on a
couple of benefits students then gain from publishing and uh again kind of to what i touched on already is kind of this aspect of dissemination of research it is openly accessible more visible since we kind of have this network um and it's also been indexed in scientific databases which uh helps it being accessed by other researchers as well so it's a pretty important in its own right but on the other hand for students specifically it's a considerable learning experience um kind of doing research or kind of learning about research by doing it practically applying it kind of going through this whole process with publishing as well gives you much more um possibility to engage with the different steps and then also through the peer review you get some feedback on what you're doing how you can improve um and on the other hand also kind of provides this education about the publishing process which you oftentimes wouldn't get in other circumstances as a student and hopefully that's what we're trying to implement more and more also uh various other open science practices kind of gaining experience with data sharing for example which is something again you wouldn't consider as a student if you didn't try to get your research out there um but the most important point there for for me at least is that this gives an opportunity for early careers to start off early with properly going through the whole research process gaining the necessary research skills for a to do good research and do it up practically as well so on the other hand then also not hopefully not learning some practices they later need to unlearn when you suddenly meet other challenges in open research in an open research environment which specifically with uh if you have supervisors that are not as open towards open science practices might be an issue um and the last point there is also a kind of more personal notes um it's also noticeable how former editors within japs are active within open science communities and try to to actively strive towards promoting all signs more broadly which is pretty nice uh nice to see and we hope to create this community as well um yeah kind of to uh more concretely on open science practices i think one of the again one of the founding principles uh what is open access um japs has been an open access journal since its uh inception somewhat out of necessity somewhat also to like it doesn't make sense to promote student research then that then is not accessible to other students um but um yeah it's kind of in the spirit of everything being accessible as well which is to students in many other contexts also becomes an issue as well um and then with this purely process where by design also an open educational platform kind of this uh it's very ingrained in how we do a peer review that's uh it is a learning experience we don't have desk rejections because that's not something that makes sense in a student research context so we rather go through iterative review processes to get as much uh um educational value across to these students you submit to us um and that is kind of important kind of on the other hand also because doing research for students specifically uh means um that every step is kind of new you learn new skills along uh every step of the process um and yeah then on the i touched upon earl upon earlier as well we are very proud to offer registered reports for students um kind of specifically again this experience of pre-study con conductance peer review so you can actually gain some feedback on the process of your your study by experienced researchers in the field um and so on your plans not just uh not gaining some getting some comments back on what you could have improved if you knew earlier on that is a great opportunity again for students to get the most out of research process projects like theses as well and we hope that that's something we can provide more broadly to students in the future as well um and lastly kind of it's uh trying to continuously improve uh kind of these specific open science practices and how we do publishing kind of uh connected to open materials open um open data open code where we try to get that across as as early as possible to students that it is open to share the entire research output you have both to be just
transparent about the research you do but also to provide valuable resources for other people trying to work with these potentially work with these materials as well um [Music] but beyond that we also try to do this as bit of pure education more broadly we as an editorial team try to actively do open science outreach can reach both within the uh community of afsa the federation and its 28 member countries um uh specifically right now in this con this environment is much easier to attend student conference for example and give some workshops on open science practices so that's one of the benefits of everything being online right now but uh also beyond this this network trying to attend conference provide um expertise be uh um be partners for other student organizations to educate about open science specifically we try to also through our separate blog the jeff's bulletin provide resources on open science both kind of community-wise what are interesting open science initiatives um and always uh connected to psychology of course but more broadly as well um and just research skills in general and then lastly we also try to have other collaborations um on with other student open science initiatives kind of i want to mention both science here in amsterdam and so the german-wide network within psychology um where we collaborated on projects in in the past and hope probably do so in the future as well so that's kind of it beyond publishing and just trying to [Music] create an act of science community with students yeah but as i mentioned a few times already there are a couple of challenges in providing publishing infrastructure as students and you might be familiar with some of them i think one general issue is an open science publishing infrastructure so we are self-publishing so we need to somehow provide a platform to be hosted and given that we have relatively little financial backing and are all volunteers as students also studying full-time on the side sometimes having other other jobs or other engagements is is hard and we kind of hope to partner up with other organizations there to make it more easy on ourselves to provide a better service for students um but on the other hand this kind of this volunteer status of our enterprise also means that there's a high fluctuation in people who are responsible for the journal kind of as a student it's hard to be long engaged in such project projects for many years because at some point you just aren't a student anymore um so that opens up a couple of questions around how do we keep expertise within the team um even though the people in exchange like expertise people individuals build up uh needs to somehow stay within the organizations and that's physically relevant to how we provide quality assurance and good feedback to students and how we are consistent in the principles we apply in our reviewing process um and one way we try to do that is also through this two-stage peer review where uh we have longer standing external reviewers or associate editors oftentimes stay on for multiple years or people who were in the student editorial board and move on to being associated editors later on so they are um are points of contact but it's still kind of kind of the first point of contact always are student editors and somehow i need to have this internal education processes of how do we handle technical questions about around publishing um [Music] but yeah then other crucial issues are around open science kind of how do we how do we uh how do students have access to open science resources um which is also kind of very different between countries um and less privileged universities for example we do have a least nominal apc but many students don't have access to funding for publications so we kind of more or less waive most of our apc is in that context um and then also how do we reach students whose teachers might not be supportive or knowledgeable about them science practices naturally those students specifically um but yeah how do we how do we in general acquire this expertise about open science and how do we have our submitting students acquire knowledge about open science that often goes beyond the research skills you learn within education um yeah so to quickly follow up on that
uh what does that mean for what we have to do as a service so on the one hand we need to we want to improve our direct service of the publishing experience for students
um by yeah and then more broadly um how to implement open science practices what i talked about beforehand in this process as well but then beyond that how do we more efficiently more broadly than we already do build a community about open science and promote open science to students in general in the context of psychology and let us start starting to jump in just wanted to give you the one minute warning because we have a lot of questions coming in there yeah that is why i'm at the summit yeah so uh to quickly summarize kind of it is very important to promote and
reward student research and specifically open student research and we want to educate students by directly applying open research skills context that's why we provide this platform and through that also then provide commitment for open science as early on in the scientific education as possible but there are a couple of challenges in this enterprise structural so how do we design this for the needs of students infrastructurally how do we implement this design for students lastingly in a working process and then as a last point kind of how do we provide this education to students to be able to do open research in a sound manner yeah and then i have a last slide here uh please do meet me at the meet uh meet the speakers event in 15 minutes um and there are a couple of contact details on there as well both the twitter of jeps and also kind of a bit of self-regular self-promotion uh on the right side with my twitter you can also see the link to our website the direct link to our journal page and you can reach us via mail at uh journal so that's it from me happy to receive some questions now
thank you very much leonard fantastic presentation just amazing how much we're learning this morning we have a lot of questions very little time unfortunately so i'll read the questions as fast as i can and if you can brief answers and i'll make sure we get three or four in there leonard the first one great presentation you said that the publication process is hardly ever taught in universities i agree do you know any examples where it is taught um i think there are increasingly are open science there are there are some ways in which open science is taught either kind of as part at part of courses or separate courses i know that we in our masters have this course good research practices where we touch on open science principles and also specifically how these apply to publishing some other courses it often includes kind of aspects on peer review how would students to do peer review within courses so that's kind of touching aspects of the publication but uh i think that is something that needs to be more broadly applied kind of how does the research process work specifically and kind of how does it work infrastructure wise as well definitely room for improvement there yeah understood next question from ruth king what services could publishers offer to support researchers with open science um that's always an interesting question um not entirely sure how like i'm always skeptical about the role of publishers within this whole um process um but can i ask you why why why are you skeptical about publishers yeah i mean it's it's uh issues around the for-profit uh for for-profit publishing are probably more widely known um i'm not entirely convinced why this additional um step needs to be taken um but yeah uh kind of beyond that i think in the review process would be uh important to provide specific uh expert review of open science practices for example code or um a data argue if i think such checks uh should be implemented um on the other hand i think just more more modern publication um portals would be nice as well kind of being able to dynamically uh implement the data in in websites uh because we're kind of still running on a bit of an older pdf based publishing which might not be up to the needs of a modern um yeah modern science but i think there are probably other people who might answer these questions better than me okay fair enough time for two more quick questions a scientific journal for students by students is such a great idea did you did your interest in the journal lead to your interest in open science if not how did you first hear about open science as a concept and i can only second that question because when i talked to a lot of colleagues and friends preparing for this many people said what a great idea we never even heard about this so how do we get the word out about that um i mean for me it went very hand in hand uh kind of this interest in in science kind of or the scientific process as a very early bachelor students got me into this community that uh then also supported open science principles uh more broadly so um yeah i think that's kind of the important thing um i think in general the reception of uh towards open science but uh with within the student community is relatively high is um if kind of there are certain processes that feel quite counter-intuitive uh early on kind of how publishing is set up which you then kind of grow to learn as being usual in the um in the process but uh just aren't that intuitive early on so i think there is definitely some receptiveness and if you can approach people early on that um definitely helps and i think most students just want to do their research properly want to read proper research sound research and i think open science helps in providing that so um yeah i think just reaching out as early as possible and i think that's one of the strengths as a student-run journal is that we kind of are on a more um equal ground of engaging with other students and might understand the needs and uh misconceptions of students uh better than it might be through teachers but of course it complements each other okay super we have time for one final question here a scientific journal excuse me i did that one already let me continue here do you have any success stories on how the students have benefited from the editorial experience has this introduction to open science practices change their views on deciding where to publish their work in the future i must say no concrete experience because that's unfortunately not like not something we properly uh ask students in our process yet the kind of following up on the career trajectories of students uh is definitely something we would like to do more in the future um but at least uh um some feedback we get is that the period process is very educational to students also by supervisors that it is a highly professional um peer review process they go through and i think it's again kind of this being in in this process for the first time just gives you so many uh so many things you're learning about that that definitely is an educational process for students um and hopefully by providing a as much open science in that as we can we hope to guide students towards doing that later on as well but yeah we'll have to see about that in the future i suppose fantastic leonard first of all i wanted to thank you for a great presentation as a tradition we want to give you a virtual applause from around the world super job uh there were still a few questions that we couldn't get to um i can always say i apologize there there are so many fascinating questions and comments on this subject but uh the people will have a chance to speak to you as well as the other speakers and posters and even with each other with other participants in the upcoming um speaker's corner meet the speakers box which starts in a few minutes