Building and Evaluating Universal Named-Entity Recognition English corpus

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Building and Evaluating Universal Named-Entity Recognition English corpus
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CC Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 3.0 Germany:
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2021
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English
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2021

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Abstract
This article presents the application of the Universal NamedEntity framework to generate automatically annotated corpora. By using a workflow that extracts Wikipedia data and meta-data and DBpedia information, we generated an English dataset which is described and evaluated. Furthermore, we conducted a set of experiments to improve the annotations in terms of precision, recall, and F1-measure. The final dataset is available and the established workflow can be applied to any language with existing Wikipedia and DBpedia. As part of future research, we intend to continue improving the annotation process and extend it to other languages.
Keywords named entity recognition, universal named entity recognition
Presentation of a group Building Group action 40 (number) Decision theory Multiplication sign Execution unit 1 (number) Data dictionary Mereology Formal language Web 2.0 Mathematics Coefficient of determination Strategy game Different (Kate Ryan album) Hypermedia Query language Negative number Vertex (graph theory) Local ring Position operator Physical system Social class Area Mapping Interior (topology) Token ring Measurement Hierarchy Arithmetic mean Root Process (computing) Order (biology) Self-organization Right angle Energy level Resultant Point (geometry) Statistics Table (information) Token ring Connectivity (graph theory) Tournament (medieval) Drop (liquid) Event horizon Product (business) 2 (number) Number Local Group Performance appraisal Causality Hierarchy Energy level Associative property Computer architecture Form (programming) Self-organization Data dictionary Multiplication Weight Total S.A. Line (geometry) Limit (category theory) System call Performance appraisal Number Uniform resource locator Word Error message Personal digital assistant Network topology Social class Musical ensemble Game theory Table (information) Form (programming) Local ring
so rather than my name is going to show iran. i'm sure to present although building in evaluating how can you are certainly many critical mission english court this are along with your daughter's the ago i was and market. why are so this would be odd line i would just to get introduction then the components to be used over those ago a system architecture than needed to statistics and then become too. so just to give you a gentle production in this book will be are trying to build named entity corpus are which tax people place in organization but there is good at this so his position is wrong from the car you knew was so all. dependencies like we had we didn't work when we compare all the while it was so dependencies but we found that of the have liked consistent a presentation so you can compare and report on once for all the languages which are the new also dependencies but seem was not because when we try to save the. for the new medical condition or more people languages so these are just an example saw different and yes teams that are being followed across different languages in check two halves the left hand in portuguese all on the right. so we came up with his aunt you know watching the one which was presented last year at the possible show and this show your product was ending the second who is in seoul of we didn't lot of changes to this and the number of notes have changed and here we are presenting a cautious that was generated out of this. mapping. so basically we have two major components. of air in the use of the b.t.o. to connect the world where you never mapping which we have defined for example are going to fifteen european games of if at all these entities present in the b.p. year and in and the games are different classes like of it isn't even and soccer tournament was a demand of. was sports event and by generates a thing so many of each of these of classes from the media in unirea map to unique a label that is an event is a need to manage the article the men but every daschle presents a level. or second component is of hierarchy for dissolving on different all the above is all in different classes for example in twenty fifteen european games we would like the the entity to have the most specific cracked in which case it would be a on a soccer tournament. so in this case we have a higher up the system for each of the unit of the birds with the ira with our crowded deliberate which has one would be the one we should be used to select early. aso dollars so process is divided into three different of all the different parts so forced one is we use i and existing d.v.d. a damn a week we preserve the the high buildings because a unique and and can be connected to the good year. second text hand the entities from between year the second art is is that we could any for each of these unique entities to beauty and get a candid classes for and then be combined the deed to different of components said would be fined of all year the un to be. mapping and the media hierarchy in order to overall back process the the media. articles and we have our and updated data. no as opposing step we both want to come is asian because the dogs are always have a cash to the words and we convert it into i would be having done this process on before or the in good cause for this process was english wikipedia with total size of the pointy chea be a. and after having map with this process is beside the statistics all the tokens that we have obtained on all four new net and the bottom table the business the person location organization all the units. all having done this process we have to have taken around nine hundred products nine hundred twenty g.'s and tried to manually rally democratic as if idea is between the the the way it is entities so first one is correct which is correct correct but second one we would have is something that is correct but we in the. this kid is bank who is on the location g.p. city were originally bought it received new location g.p. to hear the music was going but somehow the twenty into the the global all the local area iraq will react second is incurring you. could be be a weapon to be pedia for example buddhism is should have been the illusion bought all it goes into any girl would be a tree but this but what was then the last one is encouraged you to unite association of its because what you have defined as the private the. changes the the of the tag he went to the to the uk and treaty which is bitter wars should have been an award but it was in the company. oh again we do on more evaluation previously been at times like token business we go for sentences so we select around five hundred nineteen sentences were under different five you know limits are they were connected by a single annotator on the web and the and as a baseline be have the following schools with sixty one. point nine as decision low to call and three sent one day be of affirmation for english. but are we ask yourself can we do any improvements so be found all the recall was little means typically it's a false negative. in this case is on we will be utilized to different strategies all one these dictionary and second one is knowledge drought. so in this case what we do is on all we have seven different experiments on host one what we use is something called as global actually what we do is we take all the entities identified and create like of the cup and then for all the text in all the periodical be tagged them blindly and. only those entities reach of greater than two characters are considered second month we figure them out to keep only majority of token entities which other than one obviously it's not one is rather than tossing of wikipedia damp as a whole text what we do is do you something. for his local dictionaries when each article forms a separate dictionary so that in his article about obama is president of all the we assume that all the end it is within the article is for of which has the what obama means a one on the forty one is the try to incorporate. open even knowledge draft. i. mapping the weekend she to you met and to use d.v.d. or kg and classes as do you remember the un and and then be tagged that second one is a continuation of the same method but with multiple tokens on the last one side the local. missionaries for supplied and followed by only kitchen dictionary and the seventh one is local dictionary followed by the of only teaching it might hurt so this what the results are the of the business schools are on the top when we added a on global on extremely rich. to drastically reduce our decision but we do get a call which was intended but but the overall score is low on all similar case for the second and third bought. the four to one of which is the open even knowledge cut off base dictionary of seems to have you was the best score on the of medicine or on the unit in data said what we do is rather than checking all the anti e.u. near of iraqi we just check. it all just check for the whole the legal the labels started the labels on all the wanted the levels of unity that is please occasion and person and in this case is also the of the business. those with drop in the whole global land the local history but the only kid actually helps in in india were left measure on us. to conclude of all we have presented a whole world crosses all generating and your orders from tb year using we could be year. we also identified the various areas that were present and then we tried to improve. the the discourse and we found that using more knowledge get out of does indeed help in the of improvement over fr all as a future work we would like to incorporate d. or knowledge graphene all what we found that because keep trying to move. to over components biologically integrating week asian the in the initial process and and that's something that we would like to experiment and also repeated the same processes of or the other under-resourced languages as well as perform our actions if you were issue. one by training once. that's it.
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