What Role Can Open Science Play in Enabling Global Knowledge Exchange?

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What Role Can Open Science Play in Enabling Global Knowledge Exchange?
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What Role Can Open Science Play in Enabling South-North Dialogues?
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Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

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Transparency and open access in research are crucial to make the economy, medical services and thus society more effective and efficient. This applies to individual municipalities and regions within countries, nationwide, and ultimately also to the global society. The elephant in the room is evidently the ongoing climate change, as well as related global challenges and issues such as migration, environmental degradation, single nation economics, and conflict resolution. These topics are only partially separable; which is why transparent data collection and the utilization of research results in our digital age are not only possible, but also urgently needed. To allow African scientists actively join the discussions around these topics and thereby advancing their academic careers the region-specific preprint repository AfricArXiv.org triggers interdisciplinary research within the continent as well as globally. The repository is a platform for African scientists to publish their research output immediately and free of cost. Global threats and challenges resulting from climate change and political crises call for a new agenda to find solutions that work for not just a few but the global community.
my name is Jana have a month so in short I am here representing African researchers being on African myself my policy well I assume we have one African in the audience he can help me out and contribute whatever I'm missing I'm a co-founder of Africa archive African focus Regional preprint repository and the title of my talk is what work and open science play in enabling global knowledge exchange so
yeah I want to introduce also to you my co-founder and dear colleague and partner who is based in Cotonou Benin of her who was working on cotton Oh Justin CBG I mean young and we've been working together ever since we launched Africa archive in August 2018 last year we're lucky to have like a big splash with nature index and also cross puzzles or natural online and quartz Africa highlighters our lunch by entitling an article on it where the research platform for African scientists will take papers and local languages and this is one of the two things that I want to share with you today the importance of first language diversity for research not only in Africa but also in Europe and globally but also since we're dealing with climate change and other global challenges on this planet I personally think and we as a community for Africa archive are convinced that we can only survive this as humankind if we engage and take the knowledge of indigenous peoples seriously and include that into the scientific discourse and knowing that that's not easy yeah let's get to that when we get to their average archives of today we have 82 accepted preprints on the platform at space on the offense and framework there's more than 5,000 and more than 37 pageviews so the impact is there is there's not many free prints on the platform yet but as our preference services we are growing slowly but steadily and yeah it's a question of convincing as you also pointed out the community educating sharing knowledge concerns challenges and so on and so forth this is our prime example Rebecca Ackerman from South Africa she liked her performance she submitted last year has more than 1,000 downloads so since it's also being indexed every every entry gets into your eyes so there's a mixing with Google Scholar and and that's impact is there yes your research is gonna be more visible obviously this is based on the data that we collect from the submissions author's affiliations and topics or where on the African continent studies are being conducted with so we're not only accepting submissions from African scientists but also scientists from non Africans who work in African topics because African research output I personally think should be Africa owns and that's why we want to build bridges across various knowledge hubs around the world and for scientists across the Wrights will be able to find each other identified either identify common grounds and therefore being able to collaborate say this is an interactive map so you can find it on by clicking on the link this social online so you can conveniently click your way through Swiss and play with the maps for engaging you learn a lot our partners so this is just a snapshot of the partnerships you currently have and are constantly growing I want to point out author 8 and he loves he's based in the UK he's he's working for I&S you know and author ID is one of their initiatives I'm supporting scientists in authorship or in writing scientific articles in Latin America Africa and Southeast Asia because language barriers and former vomiting and stuff like that and lack of resources for education on all levels this is over an hour delay he's also work a team member of Africa caucus a very dear colleague of mine and he's both also a member of African open science hardware community which I'm also a member of and blue square he's a CEO of the square which isn't an G all slash syrup so they're doing community work make their makerspace they're doing STG relevant innovations and also healthcare innovations based on open source hardware and open source hardware is a thing it's rylynn maybe it's not so familiar to many of you in this room when this community but it's a vital integral part of open science because we're dealing with black boxes everywhere in the academic or especially Natural Sciences and then there's joy Wango she's the rector of TCC Africa as a science communication training center based in Kenya and conducting trainings across African continent and she's our firm and strong advocate for open access together and was with other stakeholders in the ecosystem we developed the African principles for open access and scholarly communication and I want to point out three of those to you first one says academic research and knowledge from and about Africa should be freely available to all who wish to access use or reserve and so now that sounds familiar right from other principles you've seen so first it's important not only for African research or knowledge but you're being protected from misuse and misappropriation because especially for Africa has gotten to many times in the past and we want to stop that from heaven that's accurate open science we are convinced not only African scientists for us the scientist and other parts of the world can access paper she has collaborate across the continents yes but also increased global visibility to the research output and therefore other collaborations across continents and of
course with climate change we have other challenges as the FTD's 17 goals that we as human kindness nation-states from around the globe committed ourselves to solve some time soon and we can only achieve that together so that's why there's a desperate need for
proper global collaboration then research to lead the way out of our miseries the open science pillars it's just a reminder I think we are all familiar with these but then how does that translate to the African landscape and here's just a snapshot of some of the stakeholders in Africa yeah just to give you an idea there's much is happening on the continent and we're currently in the process of like getting to know each other identifying synergies identifying potential who work together strategically to build an infrastructure along the open science principles that works for people on the continent I'm really talking about 55 nations on their continent so it's highly diverse this was a highly diverse in terms of infrastructure internet connectivity also within countries across nations and so on supports urban relative versus rural yeah with Afric archive but also with our partners we believe that or we want to promote the use of local African languages in science bridge the gap between Anglophone and francophone research outputs and highlight the relevance of indigenous and traditional knowledge in the research context for the second of the two no of the three so principle three of the previously mentioned African principles for open access says African research should be may develop in the principal common language of the global science community which I think we for most of us is currently English as well as in one or more local African languages at least in summary at least the abstract must be translated also and so on traditional languages to reach the citizens of those countries and also to get the support from the citizens for the importance of research for them the government's to us who realize the importance for the economic development breaking language barrier for global science in Africa but again also not only in Africa but globally we need language diversity in science first up we need a common language to connect yes and we can bridge between those two with intelligence with machine translation and yes also human or manual counter Corrections because machines as well as humans make mistakes and in science that can be have lasting effect so we need a crowd check on those translations but we also need access through or subvert language barriers this just a snapshot via search on Google Scholar for to hash tags biodiversity and conservation you can do the same for your own disciplines and just for you to get an idea that English is predominant yes but certainly not the only language in which science is communicated in writing yeah and now indigenous language the principle for says again it is important to take into consideration in the discussions indigenous and traditional knowledge in its very swamp and I also call out for traditional knowledge within Europe because here we have indigenous communities we also have others in Western communities who have vital knowledge about ecological connections that research is only slowly catching up on and learning about and disappearing in the academic realm where we have passing climate change and we don't have time to continue like so to collect proofs of proofs we know much of I mean much knowledge Laurie there and it's as ancestral to a large extent so we need to connect the doctorate personal yeah I'm convinced of that and I yeah I hope that we can find a maybe in the discussion to look more into that I wanted to just see or hindolam ah she's an advocate for basically the indigenous peoples from across the world because she's a leading figure in the Paris climate agreements I'm just been negotiating with all kinds of stakeholders she's the lead figure in the fight of indigenous peoples on a global stage and you have the links to various for the resources and she had an interview in Time magazine earlier like just a couple of weeks ago and I can only highly recommend you for you it's already a leaker because again we have the knowledge and it's not only manifested in academic papers path ensuring kind of and showing history as well and we need to save this planet first off and I'm sure we will so thanks for your attention and I'm looking for it so hopefully a longer discussion there oh yeah so this is Cass and yeah let's get this right thanks you you