The Open Source Community: its past and future

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Title
The Open Source Community: its past and future
Subtitle
What I learned about the Open Source Community while celebrating its 20th Anniversary around the World
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CC Attribution 2.0 Belgium:
You are free to use, adapt and copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in adapted or unchanged form for any legal purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
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2019
Language
English

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Abstract
Throughout the year of 2018, we celebrated the 20th Anniversary of Open Source. I'll provide an overview of what I've learned about the Open Source Community while celebrating its 20th Anniversary around the World. In 2018, the OSI has organized several activities at major open source events worldwide to celebrate it's 20th Anniversary. Events included Linux Conf Australia, FOSDEM, Campus Party, FOSSAsia, OpenExpo Europe, OW2con, FOSS Backstage, OSCON, Open Source Summit, All Things Open, and Mozilla Festival. As part of the OSI, I was able to work behind the scenes, as well as travel around the world, to help with the activities. This has allowed me to meet and talk with several members of the Open Source community: to learn from them, to hear their stories, and to discuss our future.
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Degree (graph theory) Presentation of a group Open source Open source Right angle
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Collaborationism Code Network topology Projective plane Collaborationism Arrow of time Mereology Thermal conductivity Descriptive statistics
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okay folks if we could settle into our seats that would be lovely we're gonna be starting our next presentation now so joining us today is Nick the doll who will be talking to us about the open source community its past and future thank you very much for coming thank you so thank you guys for receiving me it's a joy to be here in Brussels je veux parler Anglais and just with this Elaine I'm going to be speaking in English I'm sorry well I just came from Brazil and it was 35 degrees Celsius there so it's it's nice today sunny so it's nice and it was just knowing yesterday was pretty nice as well and it's great to be here at Boston so actually today is a very special day does anybody know here what is today what's the date today this is February the 3rd right so what is it well exactly you're right so we are actually served celebrating 21 years of the open source initiative and open source and so this is pretty exciting because we actually celebrated so in
February the 3rd 1998 Palo Alto California the 3rd open source was created and the same month February the OSI was founded by boost parents and Eric Raymond and a lot of people from the open source community at their time created OSI and yes to celebrate the 20
years we had this idea of left let's celebrate celebrate for the whole world 12 the whole year and this is what happened during this the whole 2018 we participated in over 30 events worldwide with the best conferences and these are just some highlights of events that we participate in so we actually started off Austria Australia the next comp Australian last year a thousand we were here with a keynote so Simon Phipps and Italy they also presented here and we have participation not only Australia Europe Asia Latin America all over so it was very exciting and I had the opportunity to work together with the oil side and choo-choo travel to some of
these places and should talk with the community and to learn from them and so
these are the ten lessons there I learned throughout the whole year and so all all make something really fun for each one of these lessons I'll have one photo from an event and I'll tell a bit of a history of what happened there and I'll talk about the lesson that I learned and hopefully you can learn a little as well and we can all learn together so the first lesson that I
learned was about open source history I've been working for open source for a very long time as well but it's so exciting to see how open source came to be in 20 years ago and to learn about that and I could encourage each one of you to really read up about the history of open source it's so rich is so exciting and it's actually amazing there we tribes and of course there's several challenges with amazing there is more group twenty years ago they got together and now open source is everywhere so this is a photo from Austin last year and there they were also celebrating their twenty years and they invited us to participate there and we actually had a full day track show and we invited several speakers and we celebrated not only for anniversary and not only Austin's anniversary but also 25 years of the Debian project 35 years of the new projects 20 20 years of legacy for remember 25 years of rain hats 25 years of the freebsd so we invited several speakers should talk about this oh and I was forgetting 20 years of the Mozilla project as well so it was pretty excited to for everyone to share those stories and I did mention some older projects like rat hat it has 25 years of history howcome Rihan has 25 years of history if open-source is only 2 1 years it's because open-source was part of the continuum so it was preceded by the free software and this is what's nice too you know so open-source came in 1998 and one
of the first tests by OS iowa's two drafts the open source definition this is what defines what's open source and it's so it's so interesting because if we look at your day the challenges that we have today and subtracts show open source we can see that this foundation is very precise in what's open source and so a really strong foundation and this was derived from the Debian free software guidelines this was done by Bruce Paris the co-founder of OSI so I would like to repeat this each one of these he has a an explanation if you go to the open source dot or website you'll be able to see a bit of description from each one of this we don't have much time here but I would like to read this and for for you guys so we have two ten principles that define what's open-source so free read distribution the source code derived works integrity of the officers source code no discrimination against persons or groups no discrimination gas fields of endeavor distribution of the lessons the lessons must not be specific to your products the lessons must not restrict other software and the lessons must be technology neutral so this is a very very powerful statement and a very strong foundation and as we see the challenges that we face even today and throughout the whole history actually of open source I think this is very solid and he has helped us so as you can see
oh I forgot to comment here so this is
simon phipps the director of OSI that's Bruce Paris the co-founder of OSI the new scooper a former board member of OSI and Michael Tiemann also a former member and VP of open source rat hats and this is the we had a panel there I asked him it was really great to hear their story we have this video recorded and we'll be sharing that video if you guys do a poem or websites
and so this was fast in last year and simon phipps he gave a keynote of about the 20 years of open source and also the 35 years of the canoe project and this is something that we highlighted during the whole year we wanted to highlight that this is a continuum that open source came from the free software movements and so it was a way for true sell the idea of free software to businesses they made sense to businesses and so I think it's really partial highlights this and Simon here he gave a keynote and he here's a photo from Richard Stallman who is the founder of the free software foundation and as I
mentioned to you the Debian free software guidelines was was the foundation for the OSI the ten principles and this was inspired by the free software definition and here we also want to highlight is the the four freedoms that define what's free software so we have the freedom to run the program as you wish for any purpose that's actually the rule number zero the freedom to study how the program works and changing so it does your computing as you wish the freedom to read distribute redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor and the freedom should distribute copies of your modified versions to others so this is also very solid and the principles are very strong and while it's challenging today to to have to achieve this we should always try to share this I think it's really pardon so open source came to chew help free software it's a continue and we we want to promote freedom as well of course and so
this is the photo from what Zee left asshole I really like this photo here you can see the the Firefox there and as you know there are many challenges for open source during the whole 20 years and this is something that has happened several times the embrace extend and extinguish and why do you learn the troll throughout the year is how much this has affected opens Mars and 2018 was particularly interesting because we have as you know Ravis they lose the the Apache plus Como's class so they were actually they embraced open source the Apache License they extended and they were trying to redefine what's open-source with the Commerce Clause and this is and if you read the ten principles of open source and if you read the Four Freedoms you see that it doesn't match you can't you you can try to review what's open source and what's free software it's a really strong foundation and if you really want to change and redefine what's open-source and redefine what's free software you really have to have the support from the community and you really have to think about the consequences so this was very challenging and this happened last year we also have MongoDB who launched a new lessons called the server-side public classes and this also if you look at the how it matches against the Pam open-source principles the open source definition and the free software definition it doesn't work so this were the challenges that we faced last year why we were celebrating of course we
know what are the reasons why those companies they they launched those licenses monetizing open sources is hard and but we don't have to be great about it right so this is an event that happened in in Londo sustain Oh apps which is an adventure explore how we can make open source sustainable and how can we make financial sense and how developers can benefit and and get something back from their work and so we encourage this instead of creating new licenses we encourage discussing business models and ways of making open source sustainable but it's quite
interesting because open source is not the whole idea here is not to make a company profitable it's not capitalism I would say it's compatible with capitalism but it's a whole different world it's more of a gift economy so this is the nice grouper in an event called false backstage and she was talking about some open-source heroes we see several heroes throughout the whole history of open source and free software really gave their time and dedication and to make free software and so and they gave their their time for free they don't donated their time and so that's why it's the it's a gift economy so open source is sustainable in a way it does have its challenges in terms of monetizing but it's a whole different world and how we can make a business out of it and how business can work together that's a challenge and we need to work on that and it's not just
cold that we give as gifts we have people who are organized events like Fossum it's run by many volunteers we have design we have marketing we have a whole bunch of people volunteering their time to make open source and free software tribe so it was really exciting this is a an event called chaos chaos calm which is to measure the healthy how healthy an open-source community is so not just call but other points of other metrics as well so in terms of diversity how many events there are around on open-source projects so this is pretty exciting as well well
when open source open source projects when they just open up to discussions they open they're open to contributions they have anybody can contribute anybody can join a conversation it makes it vulnerable vulnerable to attacks open to attacks so it's really important for us to discuss this and so we just have that here and we have we have Molly Ricci and this is Christine Pierson here and I'm not sure if you guys know but the term open source' a software was coined by a woman and this yeah this is really nice because in a field that's dominated by man to know that open source the the label was created by a woman and we had all the success because of that it's really interesting so this is the open source summits in Vancouver that we had last year and the OSI bra Christian there to present and also true we made an announcement to her and so this is some solution also work on at the community there was a survey by given that they showed that open source the work on open source was was very challenging for for different people and for inclusion and for being a woman suffering and harassment and now and this is because we can't fire a volunteer anybody can join and anybody can say whatever they want and this is a very upsetting and so one solution to them and this is something that we
should work on its values and principles and code of conduct we have a code of conducts here so Leslie and Laura things were for having this so this is really important to make sure that every which make sure the arrow feels welcome here and did they can contribute and they can discuss in a kind manner and so this was Drupal calm last year I was invited to participate here and this is trees and it was really a really nice advance because the trees he he talks about the values and principles he actually launched there during this events and if you are just show here an overview of the values and
principles from the droop acuity so it's you prioritize impacts you work better together to strive for excellence treat each other with dignity and respect and enjoy what you do have fun so these are the four values from the Drupal community there's a if you go to the website there's more of a description of each one of these this is something that we should have for each community if you want to make it better if we want to make it more welcoming to other people and there are other open-source projects they are also adopting this into coal so yesterday Mitchell Baker from the Mozilla Foundation was talking about their their values and their principles so this is something that we should study and adopt from each community and make it part of our own open-source projects so collaboration is key this is
Patrick my boss and I invited him to participate at campus party this is an event in Brazil a very large event with over a hundred thousand participants and eight thousand campers so these are people that actually camp inside the the conference it's a really large advance for a whole week it's very similar to fall in a way and we talked about open source there and the OSI is a very small group we have almost no budgets or very little staff we wanted to celebrate the 20 years so we work together with several events to celebrate this and was very open to help us in this so we participated with over 30 events thanks to the conference organizers thanks to volunteers thanks to the OSI Board of Directors who traveled a lot to to share those ideas with people and so this release this really makes it special and shows how the community comes together to to celebrate and to contribute and to share cold and finally the final lesson
the power of the community so we wanted to celebrate the 20 years and one advance it was really challenging to celebrate in Asia because none of the board members is from from Asia so we had to partner with several people and we have for Asia we was an event in Singapore we have somebody help in there and we also have one event in Shanghai in China and this was was one of the most surprising events there that we have we said this is the idea we want to celebrate the 20 years but you guys feel free to to do whatever you want now so what they did is they actually they had a cake here for the 20 years and everybody was wearing a Jedi cap and the the Saveur should cut the cake here is this how I pronounce it seven or saber saber sorry so they actually cut the cake with the sabers and it was put exciting and the model of the event was made the source be with you so so it was pretty exciting and this is something that we didn't plan this is something that we it was very much like an open source project we have the the foundation we said guys we want to celebrate the 20 years and they they really took this and they celebrated in their own way was very much open and so this shows the success of the celebrations when we have the power of the community when somebody takes your idea and makes it better so it was really exciting to have that we actually sent tony here's a photo for him so he's a former OSI director as well and he went there to celebrate 20 years and to share those stories with the Chinese community so these are the
10 lessons that I learned throughout the whole year it was very exciting I wouldn't you share those lessons with you hopefully you guys learn a few lessons as well we want you we have so much fun and it was such a good learning experience for all of us then we want to continue with that so we celebrate it together with other communities and we we enjoy celebrating with the Medela the community as well we enjoy with the freebsd community who is also celebrating here they're there 25 years at FOSDEM and we want to continue that we want to share those stories we want you to share your stories to read about the history of the your projects of your companies as well if you work in a company try to learn about the history and the values and the principles inside your company and share that and so we want you make this we want to share the knowledge as well and we want you everyone to learn and become better and make open source and free software better so thank you very much for the opportunity [Applause] [Music] any of any questions over in our love with the mic any questions great coming so I like to say I'm from the github generation of open source which I think around here might get some rocks thrown at me but I've been working on learning the history and participating and possibly the merging of those two paths so if somebody is newer to open-source feels a little like an outsider here but wants to participate wants to really understand why floss instead of OSS where do you recommend they they get involved yeah so we have a new generation Indian people who weren't there 20 years ago and don't know the history so I I think it's really interesting to look up at Wikipedia and look up the history of both open source and free software also at these conferences that we we have we really try to tell the the history and hopefully but you can continue there to share those values and principles and the history and stories so if you want to for example presents a false an axe here about the history of free software and open source I think they'll be really nice and conference organizers will also want you to open this up for people to talk about I think it's really interesting as well so and you can also check out open source org and the free software foundation they also have a lot of history information there and I think it's really important to I'm glad that you're curious now about learning about this and that's the whole idea for you guys to look it up and you'll see how it happened we also will totally introduce you to story time anytime you ask man other questions buts excellent pass the mic back Hynek it's actually from sales agility yeah and just want to I believe you're doing work with schools is that correct where you're introducing an open-source into schools do you yeah can you go a little bit more about that because that certainly don't help people and introduce more open sourcing to wider audience and just get up for example yeah so a Patrick who is the general manager of OSI he was also he was a former he has a lot of involvement with the higher education and he also has a project called fast desktop for kids and so we're trying to bring this to more schools there's a open curriculum if you go show open-source dot org you you'll be able to see and we're trying to bring this to schools not just talking about technology but also talking about the history and other aspects of window
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