Adaption of Local Knowledge Societies and Systems to Global Change

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Adaption of Local Knowledge Societies and Systems to Global Change
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10.5446/4458 (DOI)
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Niepytalska, Marta
Hahn, Alec
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Carson Fellow und Direktor der Global Diversity Foundation Gary Martin untersucht die kulturellen Implikationen des Naturschutzes, z.B. durch die Gründung von Nationalparks. Er erklärt, wie diese geschützten Gebiete die Lebensgrundlage der Betroffenen beeinflussen, sowie wie die kulturelle und biologische Vielfalt dadurch betroffen ist. Gary Martin ist ethnologischer Ökologe mit Forschungsschwerpunkt auf die Beziehung zwischen biologischer und kultureller Verschiedenartigkeit, sowie die Rolle der Gemeinschaften und ihrer Belastbarkeit.
Carson Fellow Gary Martin examines the cultural implications of conservation designation (i.e. the system of preserving certain areas of land in national parks, or related structures, from outside development). Martin explains how protected areas shape the livelihoods of those who live “next door.” He also considers the way that such structures impact both biological and cultural diversity. Martin is an ethno-ecologist who focuses on the inextricable links between biological and cultural diversity and the role of communities in maintaining socio-ecological resilience. Since 1998 Dr. Martin has been a research fellow and lecturer at the School of Anthropology and Conservation at the University of Kent in Canterbury, UK, and in 2000 he founded the Global Diversity Foundation (GDF).
Keywords Nutzung von Ressourcen Umweltgerechtigkeit Nationalparks regionale Kulturen Umwelt Naturschutz conservation natural resources national parks indigenous rights environmental justice biological diversity cultural diversity resource use
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Foundation more or for following the which central when to which Oak society and what particularly time conservation designations envy factory on local people but that is all the past 150 years we decided to block always approach to the euro is protected areas national priorities for stricter rules Court managed areas Leonora Marks and all this tradition our setting aside like setting aside resources protecting nature has had an impact of course matches some biological facility by Court 1st saw my main interest now is looking at how the creation of prior the creation of collaborative I managed areas James new developments like indigenous community areas managed is to see how
he protected areas impact people's livelihoods their lifestyles their access to the resources there are democracy issues of social justice now all I think that really basically us from my time to reach commercial centre is that he is initiatives are imposed from the outside there is do not work because it initiatives goes from outside the lead to people being dispossessed of land in some cases that Texas to resources limited there opportunities for real future development of their local economies the countries that are not necessarily capitalist can unnecessarily neoliberal but it is a very next and have a lot of elements of Court labour and the sharing of resources and common property rights come property regimes we find that the list of those from outside the EU have lost diversity and when you favour the and I just trust New favourable or trustees of development and conservation and of course revitalisation there were heavily handsome biological Court for research anywhere assorted as Council down path of imposition of conservation development from the outside I take mail sabbaticals from my job as structural of Foundation Bozeman sabbaticals consists of 3 to 4 months but spent to residence at the rich courses and do 3 or 4 months of this sabbaticals so there are unable to serve as leader riots reflects interactive colleagues from different as well as we present our work in some of which which we have a critiqued and a very recessions because you have people who environmental historians anthropologists sociologist political ecologists in level when from what perspective wrangle the wrong protect you were sold to the 3 or 4 months but I hear the ritual persons and I take a step up from the very active for that I doing with the Court of St Foundation is a shot from the storm and I am able to do already know that them answers the work that I do in the field so last year I often trouble Mexico or now increasingly Latin America revenue building also Bolivia 1st parliamentary trouble South East Asia particularly Malaysian bought media back called Riley remarkable folk-singer on the projects that we are not at the car care about the future of which Road to Southern Africa World The developing initiatives Botswana and nuclear in order to their again future
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