CANNABIS VILLAGE - Weed Hacking: a pragmatic primer for marijuana home grows

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Xmunoz likes to tinker with bits using a magnetized needle and a steady hand. In a former life, she wrangled web traffic and corralled distributed systems. Present interests include breaking cryptography, reverse engineering things, and ethically uncovering vulnerabilities in network infrastructure, system configuration, and web applications. In her free time she plays on the R3d Cr3sc3nt CTF team. In this talk shell be bringing to bear all the aforementioned knowledge to teach you how to grow small-scale Cannabis well indoors with as little effort and expenditure as possible
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keep it cool let's get started so first
things first I'm not a lawyer this is not legal [Music] I will not assume any responsibility for anyone to use of this information mention of products is made through this presentation I've been paid by anyone blah blah blah no one zooming I'm also not a cannabis expert I'm a hobbyist and this is going to be this entire caucus from the perspective of a hobbyist commercial cultivation is an entirely different beast and I do not purport to know anything about that although don't believe anything I say do your homework
so now we're gonna talk about a perhaps relatable situation you have an UGG you're picking it apart maybe you're getting ready to pack a fall or rola join and you see a little a little scene in there and you think to yourself I can
just plant this seed water it and then a couple of weeks later I'm just gonna have a bunch of free weed who thought about this yeah yeah no don't do that
hopefully this top will elucidate why trying to grow weed from like a stray seed you found in some bunk weed is a bad idea
alright so we're going to be covering a growing weed from a hobbyist perspective not about industrial or commercial marijuana cultivation is a different answer I'm also going to talk a little bit about operational security concerns this talk is in no way comprehensive there are 500 plus long page books dedicated to this subject and I am just barely scratching the subject or scratching the surface I specifically also will not be talking about hydroponic systems that is a completely different setup that in my mind requires a lot more attention and care and testing and chemistry and stuff that I'm bad at so we're I'm going really for like the easiest way that you can do this what is this it's growing
wheat in your closet or a grow tent or anywhere you have space inside your house this is not how the pros do it this is how normal people can have weed
what is cannabis actually it's a plan it grows all over the world it was probably originally from somewhere the Himalayas but it's typically found in the wild like throughout the northern hemisphere have production has been used hemp is a material that it's a textile that can be cultivated from the stem of marijuana there are really strong fibers so it was used as a textile for thousands of years in nineteen in the 20th century with the war on drugs and all of this cannabis craze hemp was being called from the while even though it has really low THC main cannabinoid concentrations possibly as a consequence from the world war on drugs but not just have also other more psychoactive strains of cannabis it's real sad what else about cannabis it's
in the ng above angiosperm a file on which is the seed producing phylum of plants so this is fruiting seeds it's in rosy these other famous members of the Rosalie's order include strawberries blackberries raspberries apples pears so these are all fruiting plants cannabis is one of those it's in the candidates a family and fun fact there is another famous member of the candidates EA family and that is hops yeah a little
bit of reductive morphology so cannabis is actually usually a dioecious plant which means the plants are either male gender or female gender occasionally if you really fuck up a grow you can get hermaphrodite with it which would be a venetie's plant but as a grower that's not what you're trying to do what you're trying to do is provide is produce female only plants that have unfertilized flowers which are called as things in media which I don't know how to say that in English and Spanish that literally means without seed these flowers are gonna have are going to be the largest they're going to be the most resinous have the most trichomes and also the highest cannabinoid content so your goal as the producer is to produce the most bud and the highest-quality bud and the highest quality is going to be but that is unfertilized without seeds
where can you do this if you googled if there's a lot of really creative setups online I would say if you're a beginner grower maybe just you're scrappy like look around your house figure out where you have space if you don't have space
you can get one of these extremely convenient protons they're lined with mylar on the inside which is like high reflective surface wet surface so that you can make the most you can utilize all of the light from your light source because of this highly surface the outside of the crow 10 is typically constructed from like a heavy-duty material like her dura so they're actually pretty sturdy they're also another benefit of getting one of these proteins is that they have pre sewn holes for ventilation so it pretty much is like as hermetically sealed as you can get you're not gonna have to worry too much about light leaks and if you want to throw in like some kind of ventilation or filtration system it already has the hole sewn in for that they're also pretty easy to set up so if you can set up like a camping tent you can probably set up one of these I did in about 20 minutes when should you do
this so this will depend a lot on your local geography oh this flight got messed up a little bit ha ha so if you're growing in a cellar typically sellers maintain a pretty constant temperature throughout the year so you can do it whenever if you're doing it inside and you live in the northern hemisphere you might want to wait until winter and that's because you're going to be using lights that produce a lot of heat so it will provide free air conditioning if you're doing in winter and you won't have to like pay for heating if you're living somewhere that's warm year-round you're probably gonna try to find a cooler place to do your grow but you typically want a place that's not varying in temperature too much like outdoors unless you live in California and that's also a different talk why should you do this um there are
a lot of reasons someone might want to grow even their closet and this these reasons will vary person to person maybe you're just really excited about gardening you want like a fun project for people that are like new to gardening weed is actually a great starter project because it grows really fast and it is literally a weed so it doesn't require like the same attention there's something like rain is my marijuana is oh and it's also pretty adaptable to a lot of different environmental conditions so that's pretty cool if you live somewhere that marijuana is criminalized it actually in some scenarios can be safer to grow yourself if you practice good operational security if you have more time than money so I think there is this misconception that somehow you just like throw up a little planner on your windowsill and water it every day for a couple weeks that you're just like magically gonna have a ton of dank but at the end no this is work with a capital W so really make sure that you're willing to like set the time aside to do this and if you do that you will be rewarded Wow okay this is the
bulk of the presentation how are we gonna do this so when you're talking about growing weed there are two principle constraints space and time you don't necessarily need to make a Gantt chart but you might consider at least throwing some key dates up on a google calendar or something let's explore this space dimension first though so there
are three species in the cannabis genus ruderalis indica and sativa so ruderalis is as you can see on this infographic but someone else made that I stole from the internet the smallest it also has the lowest THC content but what's notable about ruderalis is unlike cannabis and sativa it matures according to just time so cannabis and sativa enter the flowering phase according to the length of the photo period meaning as the day's shorten chemical signals are triggered within the plane to let it know to start producing but ruderalis is just like oh I've been alive for a hundred days I should start producing but so this is really interesting for when we get to talking about seeds but typically people aren't growing ruderalis for consumption like cannabis consumption because it has this one HD content but it has this autoflowering capability then we'll get into indica if you can see this a little bit bigger than these smaller ruderalis plants it's a bushier plant in the Cheers more quickly and it also does produce like a larger yield typically sativa if you're not constrained on vertical space is a really good option unfortunately it grows really tall so if you are constrained in vertical space this is maybe not a great plan for you um yeah
also sativa is like less beginner-friendly but it depends a like what kind of effect you're looking for Candida so you're going to get sativa you're gonna get like a more creative active high indicas like the couch lock effect like it's appetite stimulant sedative different like psychoactive properties the minimum space requirement that I would recommend for a single plan like if you're looking at getting one of those my large closets would be 2 feet by 2 feet by 5 feet but even to 5 feet you need to leave enough space for the light like around the light because it is going to be producing so much heat so like you don't really want it touching anything like you don't want fires so definitely like leave enough vertical space because yeah if you're really watering your plan and giving it a lot of nutrients it's gonna grow how much time do you have so
autoflowering is going to be the fastest so this is the ruderalis genetics plants that are genetically engineered to have this ruderalis component will typically mature the most quickly and you don't have to change the light cycle the plant will know on its own to start beginning to produce flowers but they're also going to be the least potent if you have the most time let's go ahead and look at
my convenience rubric so I prefer the effects of sativas I prefer to grow sativas unfortunately sativas are the least convenient plants to grow because they required the most vertical space and the longest period of time to reach maturity like from seed to harvest in videos typically in the middle of like a medium sized plant it takes a medium amount of time to grow a medium amount I'm talking like about 3 months 12 weeks from seed to harvest the ruderalis hybrids aren't going to be the fastest but you're gonna get the least amount of yield and also the like the lowest like psychoactive like like cannabinoid content okay so I've talked about this a
little bit but these are two words that you're gonna encounter when you're online shopping for seeds feminized and autoflowering and you see that you think about planning you specifically want to look for the feminized label feminized mean that the breeder who's produced the seed has exposed it to certain environmental conditions that will cause the mother plant to produce exclusively female seeds so the reason you don't want to plant a seed that you randomly found in some weed is because one it tells you the growver of that weed was careless he let a male plant fertilize his female bud so it's like you just don't know anything about that plant it could be mail it could be female it was probably an accident and you know there could be other weird things going on with the seed like some kind of defects or mutations and this is kind of a lot of work so you don't want to waste your time you really want to go in and like look for the seeds that you know are feminized that you know are gonna give you a good yield autoflowering these are the ruderalis hybrids that you don't have to modify the photo period they're just getting mature on their own and begin producing flowers I've never done auto flowering but I've heard people have had good success with it so if that's something you're interested in and you don't want to like get too finicky with the light setup this might be a good option for you
timeline okay so realistically you're looking at three to four months during which you're not like going to DEFCON for example you can't be planning like European vacations or having a ton of other stuff to do during this time because you're gonna need to be pruning or watering or doing something with your light setup for at least three hours a week during like the duration of your growth at the beginning there's also going to be a larger time requirement while you're acquiring all the materials and setting up a space for your grow and then also at the end when you're curing trimming harvesting and disposing of the bodies the last thing that you want to
do when you're getting ready to set up your grow is to talk to the people that you live with so if you live with your parents or with a roommate and you know that they're not cool with weed and you think that you can somehow hide this from then you are woefully mistaken don't try and do don't be a dick be a reasonable person ask for their concern growing marijuana in your living space of the potential to difficut lee reduced your quality of life not just from odors but like their legal implications to this as well so make sure that everyone that you're living with is cool with this and it has signed on for it and just use common
sense like one illegal hobby at a time guys if you have a face that cops like to fuck with like maybe it's not a great idea for you to grow if you're constantly getting complaints for noise or smoke or if people are coming by your house a lot if you like to talk to people about your fun illegal hobbies you probably should not grow weed also never consent to a search without a warrant and exercise your Fourth Amendment privileges yeah talk to a lawyer don't take pictures of your bro don't talk about your growth this is gonna be really hard I feel so proud about it you're gonna want to show people but you live in a prohibition state this is a really bad idea okay [Music]
step 1 so let's buy some materials where can you do this Amazon Home Depot Lowe's this again is the function of like your risk tolerance and your ability to transport things with a vehicle I don't drive I am like a pedestrian and bicycle only transportation estai map recessional passenger so I actually procure most of my materials on Amazon I look at what Amazon's policy was for providing information to law enforcement I provided link on here there was some document they have it says the favorite fire valid and binding legal demand aka subpoena to surrender any information law enforcement so yeah well enforcement knows that I bought a grown town on Amazon yeah if you are worried about you know people surrounding your information to law enforcement maybe go to Home Depot and just buy things cash and maybe not all in one trip so like on the trip that you by the throat in don't also buy like your high discharge lamps and then for seed sourcing you can I'll get to this later in the slide but there are lots of places that you can buy seeds I also highly highly highly recommend checking out your local hydroponics store if you live in an area that has one those people are super knowledgeable and they can answer any questions you have about setting up your grow and it's also like someone you can kind of talk to about this and be reasonably confident that they're like not a narc
okay so what do you need you need a space so closet cabinet or otherwise fully enclosed like someone hermetically sealed place but you're gonna do this you need a light source or two or three and that's because the plan at different points in its lifecycle will have different lighting requirements you're gonna need different sizes of pot because as the plant grows its roots are going to develop and you want to give the plant enough space to really like develop as complexes of a root system as it needs to because the more space it has for roots the more growth you're going to get on top and more vertical growth the bigger your plant is going to be but you also don't want to just like play in the feed and a big-ass pot either so like the plant size should correspond roughly to the side of the container that it's in you're gonna want a Christmas lights timer and that's helpful that's going to be helpful for when you need to change the light cycle for your plan and trigger it trigger this flowering period you're gonna want a new tree and kit one of these grow boxes is great because they actually come with instructions and like a feeding schedule so you don't have to do a ton of research about like what your plants nutritional requirements are you just like follow the rubric it's like a very paint-by-numbers type of thing you're gonna want feed obviously and some soil like I said at the beginning I'm not going to cover hydroponics the reason I really like so soil grows is because soil is a natural buffer so you don't have to worry too much about like measuring the pH of the water before or after you water the plan the soil will just kind of like absorb any like extremes and you'll be pretty safe with your profuse soil other things that you
might consider and I consider I mean you probably definitely need this stuff too if two lights one for vegetative growth one for flowering growth a fan so actually wind is really important for stem development of the cannabis plant so you're gonna want like kind of a state flow and air blowing on your plant so that it develops those really robust stems and roots air filtration systems so this is kind of operational security at minimum I would say HEPA filter if you're having a small Grove if we're talking about like up to six plants I would consider something that's like maybe a carbon filter or some kind of forced air system I've never sent one of these up but this is we're going to let your local hydro store in talking to the guys at the counter there might help you out humidity and temperature monitor like I said cannabis is pretty adaptable but you're gonna you're gonna want to keep like a relatively humid like around 30 to 50 percent and like a relatively warmish environment cooler in the evenings is typically fine so if it's like dipping into the 60s or the high 50s that's okay during the day you don't really want it to get much hotter than like E um trim scissors so you're gonna need that the end when you're harvesting latex gloves dear God do not harvest without we're gonna get so high and like not enough fun way a watering can pH strips again I don't fuck with that I just use soil and goggles definitely if you're gonna be using like a high-intensity like high lumen light you want to protect your cornea and like just wear glasses seed sourcing so fun fact it's
actually legal to buy sell and possess non germinated cannabis seeds in Canada in the UK so you will actually will find a lot of these seed vendors based out of those countries they take credit card you just put in your info and then like two weeks later you get this really stealthy packaged thing I will tell you how like what stealth tactics they use but it's very clever and within this package are the seeds that you ordered and also this is nice because these are pros like you can really look through their catalogue and see like you know I want this type of indica or I want something that I can harvest in ten weeks like they'll have all that information on there alternatively if you know someone who's a breeder you can get seeds from them alternatively you
can do this thing while taking clones there are some pros to this you don't need to germinate seeds with a clone you're basically taking a cutting from like a somewhat mature plant already and then propagating it the other cons are that because you don't have to terminate seeds you can harvest much more quickly you kind of are starting a plant from like the middle and you have guaranteed genetics so if your clone if the mother plant is like you know a female sativa whatever this is going to be a hundred percent a genetic clone of that so it's it's guaranteed what you're getting cons they're diminishing returns when it comes to using clones so like if you're taking a clone of a clone of a clone of a clone you're not going to harvest that much blood like every generation is less and less also after you go a couple generations like genetic mutations and tests and all sorts of weird start to happen so there was kind of like an upper limit how much you can use cloning this also depends on local availability if you're living in an area where like you you're just not plugged into the community you're not gonna be able to get a clone okay so a lot of
this talk is just general information like botany and gardening like how do plants work so plants are typically absorbing light in two parts of the spectrum and that's because this is how the Sun works this one is like a full spectrum light and you're also gonna want to purchase lights that are full spectrum but the two main important parts of the spectrum are obvious blue access so these blue shorter wavelengths around like 450 nanometers this is important in the vegetative cycle of plant growth so at the beginning when your plan is really like producing a lot of leaves and getting a lot of vertical growth and then towards the later part of your plants life cycle like around the 650 nanometers wavelength this is more the orange and yellows and these this is the time of year like fall when the Sun is kind of at a lower angle and you're naturally getting this what kind of wavelength you want to grow light that simulates or multiple grow lights that are optimized at different points in the spectrum so at the beginning of your grow you're gonna try and use a blue light that has a lot of that is in this 450 nanometer wavelength towards the end of your grow you're gonna switch to one of these orange lights so simulate like these long summer days so
there's a critical choice that you're gonna make when selecting a light to use for your growth should I use LEDs or should I use this corny of melting high-intensity discharge light the pros of LEDs are honestly like they're a lot safer I don't know if it's true anymore that it's a higher upfront cost because like now they're making these in China and they're actually pretty cheap you can get them on Amazon for even like 100 100 bucks like a thousand lumen you know some kind of crazy output LED light they're also optimized at the spectra that I was talking about earlier and have a switch on the back and a built-in fans so you can like easily switch between vegetative and flowering and it'll emit different wavelength it also cools itself and doesn't get super hot because it just consumes less energy the downside of using LED is that it's not you're not going to get the kind of yield that you would get if you use one of these high-intensity discharge lamps but the high-intensity discharge lamps come with significant drawbacks so on back star if you're trying to be stealthy forget about it the electricity bill if you're using a high-intensity discharge lamp it's going to be through the roof if anyone else is paying the bill or if the landlord looks at the build are definitely going to see a spike in usage it requires more infrastructure because you can't just plug it into a wall you need a ballast they're pretty heavy and kind of expensive and require a little bit of electrical knowledge to set up and like when I was using this setup I was constantly worried that I liked the lamp and exploded it would just set my closet on fire that's didn't happen but it is a very powerful light that said you will get a lot better yield if you use this and this is what from my understanding what a lot of professional growers are using oh also they produce a lot more
heat so if you're like growing in the winter or whatever these are nice to kind of get a two-for-one if you are worried about lights the generate to much heat house led is a better option if they run a fuller soil okay so the
main thing I'm gonna say about soil is don't go outside and grab soil and bring it inside and use it to start your grow there's all kinds of bugs and critters and bad things in the soil that you definitely don't want to be bringing inside your house buy soil from the store and the phone or somewhere the the soil that comes in those bags is sterilized so you can be pretty confident that you're not getting anything you don't want like pests or whatever like in your house also you can opt to mix your soil with something called coco coir coco coir is like this pretty cheap thing it's basically ground-up coconut husks that people use for hydroponic grows principally because it's nonreactive but I like to mix it with my soil especially if it's like soil with a smaller particle size for marijuana you kind of want a medium soil not something that's like super clay like a really small particle size and also not something that's like a sandy soil that has like too much drainage you want kind of like a middle-of-the-road soil so you can just go hundred percent soil or do like a 50/50 thing I usually do like thirty percent cocoa seventy percent like some kind of organic soil but soil amendments mixed in already also when you find a salad oil you want to make sure that it's a neutral pH so pH of around seven with NPK values that are roughly equal marijuana most plants are thriving like slightly acidic soils cannabis tends to do best in soils that are around pH 7
okay it talks a little bit about wind but here's just like a fun little graphic make sure you have a little fan blowing on your plants and I'll make them happy okay so when we're talking
about how much this is gonna cost up front I would say best-case scenario if you just get everything like on the cheap like Amazon or Aliexpress you're looking at 300 of course there's also going to be recurring cost like with electricity and water and nutrients but just setting up your growth this is what you're looking at if you're just wanting to do one grow this is not going to be more cost-effective than like just buying it off the darknet or like buying it from a drug dealer so this is really something for someone who wants to like sustain and like make that upfront investment to really like make it worth their time recurring costs
obviously electricity soil you cannot reuse soil between batches once you do a grow you're gonna have to check all that soil you've been you know putting a lot of nutrients and fertilizers in that soil also the plants been drying a lot of nutrients out of the soil so the soil once you do grow is not good to reuse seeds you'll also have to buy every time you guys are all beginners as am i I don't know I'm not a breeder I don't know how to like produce feminized seeds so keep that in mind no cloning is an option setup alrighty so
you ordered all the materials you don't necessarily have to wait for them all to come in and get started because the only things you're gonna need to get started when you first set up your grow is just
like a little pot you can even use like an egg carton a little bit of soil or cocoa so for termination you can just use cocoa core the seedlings don't have nutritional requirements they just need to be wet and have light and you also don't need a grow closet for this because even just literate literally a flashlight will be enough light to terminate your seeds so you can just put this in a cardboard box with your little egg carton and your seed and your cocoa core and a flashlight or some kind of like low power light like a lamp or whatever make sure it's really close to the top of the soil though because so there's two problems with this setup can anyone identify what the two problems are yeah stretch is one of the problems which I'll talk about later what's the other one this person planted multiple sieves in one pot so like then what happens you're gonna have to like somehow yeah well not even that like this is what how big we
get like how are you gonna like take
these apart yeah I mean you can you can try to pick them apart but when the plants are really young like this you don't want to be messing around with the roots too much so one two one guys one two one just put one seed in one pot that way you don't have to be like trying to pull apart these like weak fragile little like budding marijuana plants so this young gentleman over here mentioned stretch the when you see the plants that have like this really long stem and then some leaves that are like falling over like they can barely support their weight this means the grower is putting the light really far away from the plants and marijuana is like a really ambitious plant like it wants to grow towards the light and it's just like stretching as much as a can to get to the light so I can photosynthesize more but what happens is that it doesn't have enough time to develop a stem so you really want to bring the light as close as possible to the plant so it doesn't have to do this also at this point in the plant's life you're looking at a twenty four zero life cycle so when you're first germinating just leave the light on 24 hours you know it's gonna be a bedroom light or a flashlight or something after you see it start breaking so I'll go ahead and switch to 18 hours on six hours off so that's when you're gonna want to plug in your Christmas lights timer and get this plan on the schedule the 18-6 cycle is what you're going to use for the duration of your vegetative growth which is going to be like 50% of your plants lifecycle cool so you're checking along
your little plants are growing and then maybe a couple of weeks then you notice roots starting to come out of the bottom of your pot it's time to replant your plants so this was actually really good setup right here you see like those white little hairs at the bottom and like a lot of them starting to grow around the bottom range that's when you know it's time to transplant this is also good because the roots look really healthy this is like actually the spitting image of a super healthy root system looks like for a developing marijuana plant if you're getting if you're taking your plan out of the pot and see lots of brown and yellow roots that means you're probably over watering and you have something called root rot so at that point it's not completely lost you may want to try and salvage your grow like trimming away some of those sad fruits but really this is what you're looking for alright so here's a
little schematic I found off the internet which is like not even fully representative of what I'm talking about this is the hydroponic grow but this one's gonna be the basic setup of your closet so once you switch your plant so you free potted it you switched it to an 18 on 6 off light cycle maybe you're moving it into your closet now you're setting it up with like a real grow light you're gonna want to have your grow light between 12 and 24 inches away from your plants unless you're using the high-intensity discharge those things are literally so powerful that it will burn the leaves on your plants if you keep it really close to the plant so just kind of experiment with on both LEDs it's pretty safe to keep it like pretty close to the plant and then the plant won't have to work so hard to get to the light yeah you got your fan unless you're doing a lot a lot of plants you don't necessarily need a setup like this Inlet and outlet filter system that's more of like a heavy duty thing and also if you set it up and you like a small closet you can end up with like a wind tunnel inside your closet but they do felt like you could this is like a hacker con right like you could make your own out of like you know a computer fan like one of those like desktop like hard dry cooling fans like those totally work for this okay so
you're choking along in your vegetative growth you have your light on for 18 hours a day your plant is starting to produce like more and more leaves at this point on your feeding schedule you'll probably notice that it's telling you to feed in a lot of nitrogen and that's because that's what's helping the plant develop like these big fan leaves it's helping the plant get that vertical growth you might have to even start doing some pruning because you want your plant to grow in like a particular direction like it's typically better if you're growing indoors to have like shorter bush here plants and like taller lanky plants so maybe you're like doing some training on your plant to grow in like a particular way if you want to take clothes this is a good time to do it so cloning is basically just cutting off like one or two of the fan leaves sticking them in some soil waiting a couple of weeks and hoping roots grow and then you have like a whole new plant we're gonna talk a little bit about
topping this isn't strictly required for growing but pretty much every grower that I know does this so what topping basically is as a training method for marijuana plants that will produce more top basically more meristems which is like more points for the bud to grow on so the main chute that your plant is growing out of the vane meristem if you're just growing starting a guerrilla plant it will just be one what you're gonna do is pinch that the top of that main stem off and what it'll turn into is actually two main stands you wait a little while the two main sense are coming along then you take the those two tops off then you have stands there is a natural limit to how many times you can do this but you can probably top like three or four times over the course of your vegetative growth and get a plan that's like you know still has like some healthy growth on the side isn't like splitting at the center or anything and always producing two shoots every time you talk it's pretty scary also the first time you do this because you're like I'm hurting my plant intentionally like what if it just stops growing no I won't do that I promise I'm also taking clones pretty
easy which is cut at a 45-degree angle one of the branches stick it in some soil there are chemicals you can add to the soil to help the root propagation but I've never used any of those it is a weed like it will probably grow roots
all right so about six weeks into your grow you're gonna be looking at your big bushy plant and realize that it's about 50% as big as the states that you have allotted for it to grow and at that point you will need to change the life cycle unless you have auto flowering not talking about on a flowering here at that point you're gonna need you to change the life cycle from 18 hours on six hours off to twelve hours on twelve hours off also if you bought a special light for flowering like one in the orange spectrum you're going to want to switch to that flowering light and the change in the photo period and also the change in the spectrum of light that you're giving to the plan are gonna cost hormonal changes in the plan that will cause it to begin to produce flowers so the initial phase
in flowering also there are I should
talk a little bit about this slide on the left here we see the beginning of the female plant this light fine light hairy thing is called a stigma and this is what in nature like the plant that pollen would collect on and where the seeds would be produced on the left that small little ball is a pollen sack that is your worst enemies if you see one of these growing on your plant you basically have to throw the whole plant all of the work that you have done up to this point is for not some growers if they see that one of their plants has turned a normal map hermaphrodite after they switched the light to twelve twelve will try and just pick off the balls but the plant we'll just kind of keep producing them so good luck also marijuana in nature typically isn't pollinated by pollinating or by insects its pollinated by wind so plants that are wind pollinated actually produce a huge amount of pollen good luck so a couple weeks after you flip
the life cycle to twelve twelve you're gonna see lots of these fine stigma hairs growing all over the plant this is a good sign you're also going to notice that your plant is growing like up to an inch a day at this point so in the first three weeks after you flip the life cycle you're going to be experiencing a huge amount of growth any time so about once a week you're going to be wanting to adjust the height of the light because you're always wanting it to be a consistent height away from the plan so you don't want the plan to be like running up against your light and burning itself but you don't want the light to be so far away that the plant is like not optimally like photo some sub photos emphasizing also at this point after stretch you're gonna see these like fine white crystal like frosty things start to develop on the leaves I have a close-up of that these
are called trichomes and these are like these resinous mushrooms shaved hairs that contain all of the good stuff all of the cannabinoids the THC the cbn the CBD that's that's the reason we're doing this whole thing they also contain terpenes which are awesome but are also not your friend when you're trying to do is tell Oh terpenes our and here's more
close-ups of pretty white stigmas and trichomes turn beans are your aromatic
oils and cannabis that really give it that just distinctive scent so in nature terpenes are do have this adaptive function of like repelling predators but also luring pollinating insects cannabis doesn't require pollinating insects it's entirely pollinated by win so really the function of terpenes and cannabis are to ward away predators which means they have this really aggressive strong scent that is offensive to a lot of animals but humans actually quite like so if anyone here also like sativa you may have noticed that's the Teva has like a really tiny son often and that's because sativas tend to have more of the terpene alpha-pinene in them which is the terpene that gives conifers their distinctive pine scent it's not just the alpha pineys are a ton of terpenes and cannabis and also if you get more into like a nutrient like like the fertilizer requirements of your plants there are ways that you can feed your plants to produce more of a particular type of terpene so this is actually something as a grower you have some amount of control over just do your research I'm not a terpene expert but there are fertilizers you can use to really produce those like strong sense in your cannabis uh yeah Souter beans are your friend because they produce strong odors so something you want to be aware of at this point and the life of your plant is like if these odors are leading your apartment or house basically you might want to be turning up the help and filter at this point maybe you want to have like some kind of outlet to the outside if you live on like a top floor if you don't have a way for these odors to get out they're gonna find a way out so make sure you have a plan for that also yeah around this point it's like a couple months into your attack so you're into your attack into your grows you're gonna start getting those high utility bills yeah these are just things to be aware of also really like don't take pictures there's all kinds of metadata on those files and there could be visual clues in your pictures to tip-off people to the location of your grow also even if you're just printing those pictures out like printers leave like a unique sequence of dots like a signature basically on the printer this is how like reality winner was busted by the NSA when she leaked those documents so like really like try not to document this guy's even though you don't really
want to it's gonna be so pretty okay so
now we're approaching the end of the grow your your bud is getting nice and frosty the trichomes are starting to change from like that clear glass color - more like a milky color maybe even like an amber color you don't want to start like not fertilizing your plan anymore and just feeding it water the point of this is you kind of want your plan to utilize all of those lingering nutrients that are still in the soil or like trapped in the flowers there's also some stuff on the internet that indicates that it makes your bud smooth there to smoke if you just kind of only feed it water for the past couple of weeks but the idea is you just kind of wanted to use up the nutrients that are there and not add any more chemicals towards the end also know your plan will start dying off at this point so you'll
notice like the leaves will be starting to yellow cannabis is an annual plan it's not a perennial plan it's one and done you plan it it produces seeds and then it dies so this is the beginning of the end the million dollar question that everyone wants that everyone has their own answer is when do I harvest you're gonna be really eager at this point you're gonna see the trichomes coming out and be like I should harvest now no the point you want to harvest is the point at peak resin production peak resin production will typically be when 50% of the trichomes or more have turned to this like amber color if you wait longer than that the THC in the track cones will turn into a THD metabolite called CBN or cannibal cannibal null is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid which has which is great for the therapeutic effects it's like a slate has a slightly sedative effect it also has an active appetite stimulants of people that are using cannabis like cancer patients and chemotherapy like using it for these therapeutic purposes might want to wait longer to harvest maybe to one like 70 or 80 percent of the trichomes have turned to this amber color but if you're like me and more of like a recreational user and especially if like the type of but you're interested in is it sativa you don't want these sedative effects you're gonna want to harvest it maybe a little earlier like 30 or 40 percent of the trichomes have turned to the amber color
awesome so you think your work is done but it is not now the real work begins harvesting so you're gonna cut down every part of your plant that has this butt on it you're gonna put your gloves on you're gonna get your trim scissors out you're gonna trim up your weed and then in your grow closet or wherever you have space away from a window or subjects on like you're gonna let it dry out you know that it's ready and cured when you can snap one of the stems and here like a slight popping sound so you want it to be dry enough that you can smoke it but not so dry that like it's just this like dried out like crumbly bud so you're looking for that sweet spot it's usually about three days in but it depends on like the local environmental conditions of like wherever you're trying this stuff out
until you're made but then dispose of
the evidence so the track counts are pretty much only going to be on the flower and like maybe on some of the leaves around the flower but you're gonna have a lot of these families of the fruits and the stems and a lot of stuff to throw away I would recommend getting some of those really thick two millimeter trash bags putting all that shit in there and then like finding a dumpster probably not the one that's right outside your house and disposing of all of your organic materials there you're gonna have to throw all this oil too if you have a garden you can probably just cut up the roots and throw the soil in your garden if you have a compost you could compost all this stuff the pot that you're using to grow the weed can be reduced but like I said earlier I don't recommend trying to reuse the soil Oh make sure you clean the pots between grows so yeah
marijuana is legal for recreational and medical in a lot of states mostly in the west and the Northeast California Proposition 64 when to in fact earlier this year about a question to have gone into effect it's been in effect now for a couple of years Oregon interestingly enough has named marijuana stuff domain which is pretty cool but if you live in a non prohibition state I would really encourage you to check up on like what the regulations are your purse pacific jurisdiction you know there are kind of these like state laws but really as far as growing is concerned a lot of that is left left up to the district like not even the county level like literally your town so just figure out what your local laws are for growing weed and trying to adhere to those as much as possible unless you're in a prohibition state in which case you're just gonna go for stealth here's the fun map there's
also a ton of info online I actually really found the microbrewery subreddit to be super useful because people are doing the thing you shouldn't do and posting lots of pictures of their grow and being like should I harvest should I harvest should I harvest but there's also just like a lot of good information on there and it's a nice community I'd also recommend these two folks they're pretty comprehensive and you have people on YouTube that are like you know running their grow farms legally in Canada and make lots of cool videos that's how that there's no substitute for hands-on experience so grow up God there we grow some weed or don't maybe you can just get on the
darknet and buy this stuff maybe that'll be easier Thanks
any questions I do know it because I've read on the internet that's a good thing to do but yeah I don't know anyone else yeah yeah America is actually really pretty plan um sometimes people get concerned when they're on being like the leaves are purple or you know some weird color and actually for especially indica dominant stream that's totally fine oh no yeah these are all off the internet and like we have tweets on her maids people the internet and they know okay well I'll be around afterward for questions thank you guys