Focus on extreme events and the carbon cycle

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Focus on extreme events and the carbon cycle
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Climate physics indicates that warming climate is a likely cause of extreme weather and more frequent and intense climate events. These extreme events can disrupt terrestrial carbon dynamics dramatically by triggering ecological disturbances and potentially forcing climate–carbon feedbacks. In this paper we synthesize the findings of 26 papers that focus on collecting evidence and developing knowledge of how extreme events disturb terrestrial carbon dynamics.

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Focus (optics) Video
Effects unit Audio feedback Brennebene Global warming Rain Aerodynamics Climate change Roll forming Drought Weather Capacity factor Synthesizer Paper Buick Century Stellar atmosphere Global warming Heat exchanger Anomaly (physics) Lead Climate Tropical cyclone Carburetor Cartridge (firearms) Mint-made errors Membrane potential Water vapor Beaufort scale
Paper Audio feedback Global warming Climate change Terrestrial planet Drought Angeregter Zustand Food storage Nanotechnology Membrane potential Audio feedback Storm Capacity factor
Audio frequency Tropical cyclone Year Nanotechnology Trade wind Map Ground (electricity)
Apparent magnitude Impact event Climate change Separation process Barque Audio feedback Monitorüberwachung Barque Stock (firearms)
understanding feedback between climate dynamics and the carbon cycle is extremely important in understanding 21st century climate change extreme events such as droughts hurricanes heat waves forest fires anomalous freezing events and insect outbreaks lead to ecological disturbances that kill living vegetation and thus have the potential to strongly alter carbon exchanges between the biosphere and the atmosphere in this article we synthesize and review a collection of papers from our focus issue on extreme events in the carbon cycle the diverse papers in this issue are based on flux observations forest inventories remote sensing numerical modeling theoretical and experimental approaches they expand our basic understanding of the effects of extreme events of carbon cycle and point the way forward for continued research the linkage between
global warming in extreme weather is based on the physics of climate as error forms that its capacity to hold water increases the extra vapor in the atmosphere can trigger larger rainstorms in the worst case lead to flooding in more violent storms at the same time the atmosphere can take longer to recharge leading to longer times between rain events and increasing the potential for drought extreme weather events increased
the probability of ecological disturbances these various disturbances can stimulate or suppress Tressel carbon cycling and ultimately feedback to global climate change after
disturbance vegetation and kill in its potential for carbon uptake by a gross primary production declines disturbance may enhance carbon losses from ecosystem respiration if decomposition is stimulated alternatively respiration may be reduced as traffic respiration is eliminated any consist of production on a carbon storage on land declines rapidly but recovers more slowly even at 2 decades eventually gains and losses are balanced in the ecosystem returns to steady-state numerous papers in our special issue provide evidence in support of this hypothetical framework is 1 example Tropical
Cyclone Monica destroyed vegetation across more than 10 thousand hectares of Australian Savannah here we see a map indicating the range of trade college based on surveys and when speaking despite increased loading of onto the ground fire frequency was not altered in this study gross primary
production was derived from data and was suppressed for about 4 years following Cyclone Monica this fits nicely with the expectations about how carbon uptake could respond to go to disturbance another example of
disturbance impacts on carbon stocks comes from the western United States where remote sensing show that together fire and bark beetles killed about 90 per cent of the total carbon in western U.S. forests an amount similar to harvesting the rate of ecosystem
recovery in succession following disturbance depends but ecological factors such as the remaining surviving vegetation environmental factors including the severity of disturbance and set social responses in terms of land management or mitigation long-term and spatially extensive monitoring is required to assess ongoing feedbacks between disturbance carbon cycling and climate change