Assessing ExxonMobil's climate change communications (1977–2014)

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Title
Assessing ExxonMobil's climate change communications (1977–2014)
Title of Series
Author
Supran, Geoffrey
Oreskes, Naomi
License
CC Attribution 3.0 Unported:
You are free to use, adapt and copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in adapted or unchanged form for any legal purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
DOI
Publisher
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Release Date
2017
Language
English

Content Metadata

Subject Area
Abstract
This paper assesses whether ExxonMobil Corporation has in the past misled the general public about climate change. We present an empirical document-by-document textual content analysis and comparison of 187 climate change communications from ExxonMobil, including peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed publications, internal company documents, and paid, editorial-style advertisements ('advertorials') in The New York Times. We examine whether these communications sent consistent messages about the state of climate science and its implications—specifically, we compare their positions on climate change as real, human-caused, serious, and solvable. In all four cases, we find that as documents become more publicly accessible, they increasingly communicate doubt. This discrepancy is most pronounced between advertorials and all other documents. For example, accounting for expressions of reasonable doubt, 83% of peer-reviewed papers and 80% of internal documents acknowledge that climate change is real and human-caused, yet only 12% of advertorials do so, with 81% instead expressing doubt. We conclude that ExxonMobil contributed to advancing climate science—by way of its scientists' academic publications—but promoted doubt about it in advertorials. Given this discrepancy, we conclude that ExxonMobil misled the public. Our content analysis also examines ExxonMobil's discussion of the risks of stranded fossil fuel assets. We find the topic discussed and sometimes quantified in 24 documents of various types, but absent from advertorials. Finally, based on the available documents, we outline ExxonMobil's strategic approach to climate change research and communication, which helps to contextualize our findings.

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it would still it this isn't all that Exxon Mobil Corp. is under a lot of scrutiny right now
and 1 at least 5 France we've got the attorney general of Massachusetts in New York
because users exchange commission to mention some
of excimer shareholders and employees
basically the rules can roughly the same question and that's has maximal go in the post
through the waves communities of climate change misled its customers and shareholders will the general public and about year half ago there
were several articles published in The Los Angeles Times inside climbing is that
discussed the question of what Exxon knew about climate science back seventies and eighties
and these articles show that in fact there was substantial evidence from internal company documents not only that ExxonMobil was quite aware of the emergent science but actually had contributed to it and had a research program out looking at some aspects of the power of X has responded by
budding that these claims are entirely false it said and that the genesis of deliberately cherry-pick statements to come to conclusions that we have issued a challenge on
the website they said reading documents and decide for yourself to excellent use that anyone who takes a
deep dive at all the evidence will come to the conclusion that this has been a room during and
so my post active Sapan I talked about and we thought well we could do that we don't really want to do so we review
documents we've analyzed according to
established peer-reviewed social science methods
were excited about this paper because it's the 1st time that anyone has published a
peer-reviewed academic analysis of the entire 40 year history of Exxon Mobil's communication and scientific work on the issue of climate change today were reporting our
findings in the journal Environmental Research lessons so if you seen no work and you won't find out
more just follow the links in this video and text interest
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