Reusability: Data Licensing

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Reusability: Data Licensing
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You are free to use, adapt and copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in adapted or unchanged form for any legal purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
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OK so where I am today in the topic is all about licensing for daytime software as we showed
yesterday we have the whole as part of their reusability NTS you can see under the 2nd the
topic of the hour for Ansible so use it slices are a central aspect of the reusability of data and software so
for today will start with the data licensing and I commend then continue with to suffer licensing and 1st and foremost a short disclaimer so please and considered as we are not loyalists we up and you really didn't hit it we didn't study this topic says so and we do this in a while this the about best center figure practice that we can do in mind but please when in doubt ask your institution's employer have funders legal counsel so those people are much more well introduce topics and there's so whenever you're not mature please it is considered as an and then we will and continue refer lunch so after the licensing lessons and then of web app and discussion and also we would like to have fewer feedback for the whole of workshop for your experiences and for that country now I will send a link in the next hour and it's a line so the a short 1 and then we would like here and you to ask you to please also has fewer as feedback so far
and beta licenses there 1 thing to consider is that they're in
and the context which is most often known at data and is 5 often considered effects so for example as a handover is based in Lower Saxony and which is a federal state of Germany those aspects are considered facts and often scientific data that output used in a machine and we Deibel way is also considered so are also considered facts and fog effects actually they belong in the public domain it's very important and you have quite some for governmental data you have lots of sources we posted here some of them and maybe 1 island European data portal as so you have the this information freely available and to everybody how dare so you this is and this is where we
had this is can be aware is essential part also your scientific work so 1st and foremost always consider if 2 data you approach using an in a certain act Connes context I can be considered as a universal facts and they cannot be
protected this photo we such data aspect again and we had it on the 1st day that this credo and which is now also but enforced by the European Union as open as possible as close as necessary so you can you should consider this credo always when you have to choose a license for your work in also there's a shift nowadays formed this whole Open Data the communication and discussion because people are most sensitive to words and the topics off and mission we entered to research offer copyrighted data of data of which is sensitive in the aspect ofthe including details so a person or something like that as so here at failure best not necessarily mean opening so again of course if the data has to be protected if access to the data has to be restricted that is fine and it totally agrees with the fair and principles so also and embargo data and close data if it's necessary it's it's totally fine so that's the 2nd major and aspect here this ad for data accompanying as scentific publications so basically for example the tables which our our day ACIUS we group tables and I which are the basis for example of of a graph or something like that as we have seen yesterday and those data and should be considered to add to be published more openly using as we see it as a personal opinion again and using for example Creative Commons and licenses richer queer if and the good scientific practice
so as a scientists can you usually do not want to care so much about those things and they're
actually that's fine because you have focused on your work on your scientific add topics and lots and lots of loss and other a waltz that have to be considered when dealing with the legal aspects of data and only some of them as you can see it as
a well being this cloud I mentioned here so we have to copy white bitches maybe as the most known off at all and for example if you take a picture or an X way have had a photograph of a patient or something like that you have to loss to deal with so 1 is of course you have to copyright as you as you did to does x way that picture for example but of course you also have
data privacy here at 2 consider meaning you have to anonymize and the meter data how office X way picture before you consider publishing and you so those are 2 whites you are dealing with for example there in this example on than that maybe 2 by your employer you
I have a contract and law in your contract if you're not a professor and have to freedom of research so to say which is also often included there and you usually as an employee and you have some as loss which the part of your contract to consider and about that stay can even be some constitutional I loss if you're working in a in a bigger project like Floyd seminal wise in 2020 project with many other partners and maybe there will can be some at additional constitutional lost to and consider them as saying goes if you are in cooperation projects with industry for example and then you have some business law our wait loss if you're creating a database with the new research and then again there's the the database white and which is considered sometimes as a part of the copyright but is a bit special in in itself as sole to explain it in detail I wouldn't dare would again go a bit too far here but here it's just to say if you create a database and with some and have some major thoughts about didn't think this new creation of this database in itself so if the data which are included could not be protected by copyright but the database you created is has something you assign something that the new aspect to it then add the database in itself could be for for could be included in this in this database wide so again makes it all a bit more complicated and of course then you have this whole issue and maybe it's the old in itself the whole s at patent law aspects as so again if you're working and within this between if you're developing new machines are something like that
and then add this 1 also has to be considered so as you can see there are many aspects to this and it's strongly depends on your scientific discipline and on and you feel
contracts and a year and your whole working like this so things and which of those aspects concerning new research data that apply to you and which ones do not and so and also as a note you depending on the at 1 user warnings of course and the country you were in the federal state you're in and even as so the people you cooperate with they can be also different loss that may apply at 2 EUR work so again it makes it all more complicated and therefore the next slides we will focus a bit on the German has this side of the 1st things naturally and but it could be also applied to your country but please of check beforehand and so we're guarding and again the whites and policies and this 1 and major difference hand which can be made generally said about a daytime software so the major differences that software is considered creative work so I we have here to copyright that's most likely comes in you add that acts of want at this as software creation and for data again and I we have often sets as sometimes they're protected by the necessary creativity and been that that has to be on the background in order for the copy wide to work or of course all the work relations but sometimes this this does not and apply and again it's in an individual and you scarce in Germany for example and they're just despite label it deserves that have comes here into into play when considering the creativity and here where we add general who all of the thumb can be that quantitative data and with
their all so always when you have 2 aspect of web usability in mind so yes let's say you had signed a letter and a warning a chemical analyzing a chemical substance or something like that and and in in
general this this experiment as should be will create usable for other scientists also then you we have this aspect that is usually not protected within the copy white of in the German copy white here because it's so general you follow a particle and you and you do you're an experiment and it can be repeated so in this case it's not protected underlies when you have quantitative data like the X way example and mentioned before and it is capable of being protected as it is is usually more complex so it involves another person it involves a certain an aspect off an analysis so there's want probability for its to fall under the Copyright but there's no guarantee so it's an individual decision here and when in doubt again it we would we would I ask you to check with fewer with few legal counsel and well with this situation in mind to share what is the deal with with most repositories so how do day and today deal this as uncertainty yeah as I would call it an so most repositories offer our copyright and for you to choose among the licenses and but also as so licenses that are not as restrictive as the copyright because of the copyright least in Germany as you may be aware and you can only use and the data for private purposes and not publisher Bowditch amplify out permission of the author as a you have to ask for permission 1st and of course if you want to include data from lots of different sources and that is protected
by copyright you can 1 into some trouble in your scientific research
and so over this case of course open licenses like Creative Commons where were created and at a
small please you the 1st day we had today we 3 data on the registry of repositories and I would like to ask you to go to the website and filter to a general search and filter for daytime licenses and and what do you find not
excursion here in the beginning I went 6 shares started day as a generic Aah will positively based in the UK and the US they only had the
possibility and for what Baytown for we such data to choose and acquitted of common 0 licenses so the public domain licenses to be absolutely honest safe side but as a scientist you need to be aware of course if you publish something and in the public domain you do not have to guarantee that you have cited for it so this is I can be a little and there will be a trade-off when you still when you consider using sees still so the public domain 1 also in Germany you have a bit of an issue here because according to German German line with fewer based as a scientist in Germany you cannot so that there there there is no true populate and domain in Germany because and the author can never if the copyright applies can in the we never be separated from his or her work so in theory the the office always connected and to dare to their work so it can it can never be totally as separate and that's that that's a different in other countries for example the at the U.S. where you can really put so put something in the public domain and an and and be completely like anonymous so it it doesn't matter who had the author of where basically is and that's not possible at in Germany so again there can be some some issues when you decide as a German researcher to publish and as see error CEO within for example repository that is based in the US so again here there are some uncertainties here that I'm not legally tested yet so
that hasn't been this and this use cases yet where do lawyers usually a day look them up and say OK in this use case their decision and vi and illegal called has been as such so they are valid less lots
of and there's no white and black but there's lots of quake in this whole analyzes topic OK this
and licensing on were positive we level includes open licenses of course and as a recommendation them so for further leading also I would recommend and the open definition and page so open definition that all cats and she and many many open licenses said general licenses but also country-specific licenses are included as sole also of from your country those and excess at rest and we got in there and let's say comparability also because science international white so where we of course we share the data and here we have initiative that that also in my as as far as I'm aware of for the 1st time actually takes a closer look at all those and country-specific open license models out there so I would highly recommend as some kind of weeding as you can see here there are lots of Fed this the pages away lable and as of now
in lots of different languages so it would be some parts and true we usability should say also in the terms of at that in the terms of fear and here and worry important open defined and before anyone
and to freely access use modified and share for any purpose so they strongly at 1st and foremost consider and there for example SEC bind as the most frequently as the 1 that should be most frequently used and yeah he is of small-screen shut as so we have those and
details and analysis of 4 x 104 1st there a weighted ball Open Licences and then further on also the once within the the national ones where there might be a sound
a bit of a conflict between and between the openness aspect and of course the the national and international law so this is again
for for Germany as so peace and considered and the ones that are most frequently and off search and when you access there were positive German I key have for 1 of course the copyright so we had said this 1 country specific again at the variation sinus as is key ideas known to everybody and then there's a and the 2nd 1 is a gendered public domain which is a bit and and a bit difficult of course to a blind in Germany and most often li- were presented by a C 6 0 0 a 1 I wondered universal license and then they are the Creative Commons licenses with some specifications here so you can have a specification for and no dairy no no modification for example at or you can offer a CC by as a that means that all the content that is why this is of a barrister's about as a has to be again offered by the same as CC by as a license and if you have some combinations of that also including for example and non-commercial I use
and see if you have fed the Creative Commons day now allow wearable apt to versions of support of you so again he how many different and creative common and licenses depending mostly on your on your country away level and a former
versions have plotted and unimportant and licenses and it again some of them are hard again country-specific so for example you will read as CC by and to debt CEO Germany of something like that so you know that this is the 1 that that this is a German license in the newest 1 so in the foreseeable 0 dis- their country was striction let's say and has been uploaded so it's entered it's the international 1 actually that's now only in use and that's the momentum the 1 which is most modern that's say and also for the 1st time the fossil once explicitly include to the aspects of publishing with that state because before let Creative Commons what was mostly considered for as for for example for pictures as a shared among the big and the BIC the 2 repositories like lexica are also on and there's also about the same time created as Creative Commons and the Open Data common so those are as specifically for our 4 we such data and the we variations as you can as you can see here and Day also I can be applied a bit more specific he is also a special database as license included and so those are the 4 most common ones and there are many more licenses so again country-specific did just mentioned here 1 Open Government Licence of Canada so
Canada as the country and they have their own daytime their licenses when it comes to publishing governmental data so interesting and if you if you if you would want to consider an I want to add a goal of further into detail and i in this topic but it
can be very confusing at the same time so that's why we I would commend you just to keep those in mind and otherwise and look look into more detail than in your country specific setting and although I licenses that out of to for example we 3 data also were 1st maybe as you have seen an to the MIT license is BSD or Apache licenses and those that primarily software licenses as we will see presented by Martine soon and day will be are covered in the later a slides so also you have to consider
whenever you have a digital repository likes and nodal there will be an multiple choices concerning the licenses and I will do some may be better
applied for research data and the other may be more suitable of course fully such software but as they are generic in themselves they mix it up and you have 2 choices for example and it can be very tricky if you have for example an a folder or something that that includes of course again some kind of code
and again as some kind of research data and in the way you would need to spilled up you know and apply 1 license for the code and the other 1 fodder for the research data because usually do repositories only offer 1 license per package so that's really important and also to add to keep in mind