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Domain of One's Own: Reclaim Your Data

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if we the I think this is on
yesterday's high everyone thanks to have an a here it's awesome to be in Berlin this is my 1st
time it's a beautiful city I will talk about it but in the 2nd hour couple jokes lined up for that but I'm a little bit nervous because this is my 1st talk in Germany but now that's my 1st talk in a room filled with Germans who speak english better than me so it's kind nerve-racking I do want actually start this talk looking at some seventies is it is a great tumbler Twitter blog called sci-fi art from the seventies and this is 1 of them in this illustration is from a 1974 textbook called understanding
human behavior and it's a beautiful it's basically that textbook of this is the chapter about education and I don't know how well you can see it here but there is a series of kind of like
topics brain surgery woodcrafts psychology economics and the idea
in this text book which is kind of almost like an alternative bizarre textbook they were trying to theorize what learning would be like in the future so they came up with was you would go with those wild seventies headphones you would click on 1 of those buttons and you put in your personal data an outward come the name of someone else who you would meet at a predefined cafe talking about the subject and the way they would know it was you would you would bring the right book so they'd see you buy your book to come together and what they call this in 1974 in this textbook was networked learning which is fascinating roughly like this is the future I wanted but never got so bizarre and so beautiful look at the jacket is that they're Berlin spy movie right this is awesome the things we do from Berlin will pretend this is Berlin to Torrance
I did but Azora the almost like a B movie but be novel European literature in particular this is by Georgia Judea Maria and he's an italian he wrote in on Tor that's where he lived and this is a bizarre block it was just published in English last year by translator Ramon glass off and in this book is a kind of builds on top of the picture I just showed you why this book is about a social network in 1975 in Italy desire right but the kind of social network you would more kind of BAK to Facebook than to say you know a ball why how well I don't know how much you know about time history but in the late sixties seventies in into the early eighties you know it was a pretty rough space on the cities in the cities of Italy they called it the added the your ball or the years of lack and you had right wing left-wing groups fighting over kind of you know political space and territory was a bloody time will this novel was written in response to those time and that the novel the way in which a novel works and the plot is fascinating it's about a library to bake pick up on what filled just talked about earlier so that a library but what you do is you go to the library and you write your story you write down secure blogging you write down everything you know and knowing that Republic started as applied in conference scavengers you put it you give it to the library for free and then they let other people read anomic anonymously and you pay another fee they connect you bowling happened is this library would be running by these strange kind of very clean-cut kids Coker actually stealing the Dana of the people right and then in a weird sci-fi attired twist these big giants come out for 20 days in eat the residents of Torrance and maybe give away too much but there is this kind of we hear the subtext to this idea social networking as imagined in the seventies that I find really fascinating it's another good example if nothing else read the book now I'm jumping back to
1957 back from Italy to Germany to talk about a book that's near and dear to my heart it's called the glass these I don't know how to say in German but I'm sure you do It's a written by a man whose endocarp announcement demands earned humor but how many of you've heard of this book not many feel squared is equally easy queasy now the BEM military guy who's after work and he actually goes in its 2 ends of his life and he's kind of reminiscing about his childhood but he feels left out because technology is moving so fast so he goes and he meets this gentlemen name Zaffaroni in Zaffaroni is kind of like the marks Zuckerberg of the time and he's invented and it's a futuristic novel like the like the about 20 days of Torrance as a futuristic novel and he goes to speak of this guy's up rolling in Perrone has built these class right right and what was so trippy about this novel is in the fifties and knowledgeable about 50 kind of history it took about robots Willard gigantic human-size Robbie the robot to would come to and say can I get you t the Eulerian in this whole might well now and technology that is far more akin to the future we live in now than anything were emerging in the fifties all the things I wanna come of stop and for help we can give you a sense of where I'm
going to tough to write of that kind sign up for a bad European 5 although it's good the introduction to The Glaspie's that was republished in 2000 by the New York Review of Books has an introduction by Brewster Reuter who's known is a futurist who a cyberpunk whose kind of famous actually lives in Torrance as well like this I really Europe perceive that industrial capitalism is a ridiculous game so we prove remarkably good at predicting its future moves he understands the technology is pursued not to accelerate progress but to intensify power he fully understands that popular entertainment comes with the military industrial on the side how much of this is a kind of ringing true particularly this he understands the technology is pursued not to accelerate progress but to intensify power now you're on talk about this
idea of edgy punk it's pretty hard for me to get up here but tenement at DuPont I spent my morning in the Berlin Mall
shopping for my son for Beyblade know kind of like the idea punk as soon as you said it becomes almost ridiculous to become the fight about who's more punk than who but in 2 thousand 8 at the moment of reading a book by younger and thinking about the relationship between the technology we use a teaching and learning in power this vision of how do we situate ourselves as students and as teachers outside of that military-industrial complex can that's a question well this morning I
did on Twitter which had been on for a while and I see this this is a German group of teachers who have been basically the last year and change using social networks to connect and
share strategies for how they bring technology into the classroom but it is also and pretty radical in fact I came here and I don't think they ever heard of my had you come from 10 years ago right I'm completely irrelevant to this is the playing the hats right but here here you get the
city like through twitter and because of this year's can of connections I did 1 of
these and punks from German for in Germany in a completely different context but using the same
basic tools to think about how we really think how Technology and I think the
military-industrial complex changes the way we work now when it's Michael in 2005 2006 was a long time ago now part of our mission was to think through how we use alternative open source
technologies which in day were completely completely kind of marginal MediaWiki you all know is the technology that runs Wikipedia but in 2004 2005 it was an anomaly WordPress now powers 30 % of the web in all websites on it and if you haven't heard website of were pressing at this conference is probably some dissonance going on there you have amnesia so like the use of the tools that we built on infrastructure for at our schools in 2007 2008 for example this is you in that you blogs stiff a blogging platform using what is now WordPress Multisite to provide thousands of blogs for the university and
worked at the University of Maer Washington Virginia even cooler in 2008
John B. Lee Murray working with Brian Lamb had an entire course Wikipedia articles and actually try and get them to the status of feature article the name the cost was murder madness and mayhem and it was about Latin American literature and then actually this class that 8 featured articles that of the 20 written and it's extremely hard to get a feature article Wikipedia and no students work at 15 20 even 200 thousand views on work
think about the costs involved in having your class work on Wikipedia server costs right the only cost is the researcher during in the library the time they're spending and figuring out how the community works think about the value of this project not so much because of the technology although that but also because of thinking through how knowledge is socially created in a community like MediaWiki that's a very valuable skill in this day and age when we're not sure what or whom to trust and how things get determined and built know edge punk like I
said died a quick death right but it came back in the form of something at the University of Mary washed it we call S 1 0 6 and harmony horror film fan to here 1 but this is a reference to hold life here you have this 6 was an interesting class and it was the beginning of a way of rethinking how we give students and faculty more power over their work over the data the other class was this simply every student comes into the class gets their own domain or their own web hosting and they build their own infrastructure they actually create their own digital identity as part of the class over 15 weeks they work on imaging added energy image creation editing video they create a radio show podcast you name a complete infrastructures about the end of the semester they have a presence online the tweeting they're sharing on flicker etc. The extremely fun class it was not meant to be opened it did become open and this is before the move grave and over 500 people joined from all over the world what cooler is Martha Burgos who was a colleague of mine at the time at university Mayor Washington built an assignment bank and what this meant was any student in the class or all of the world could submit assignment we got over 400 sites assignments submissions the 1st semester and students had people in Portugal Australia you name it doing their assignments and it was cool because your son and kind of work like the knitting site Ravel really and a hominid urinators here but it's interesting because all the assignments people did showed up to you could see each other's work through a firstly pretty powerful would be is 1 of 6 was also a hashtag on Twitter this is 1 of the 1st times 2010 2011 rare really see that so the value of that hashtag to frame and kind of visualizing network it was a very powerful reality to see all these people in all these disparate places what's more students would take in the class a semester or 2 semesters previously could actually join the conversation about class through the Hessian Twitter was this weird kind of horizontal network space that kind of folded time on top of each other in some way a powerful way well this open the door to this idea that I'm coming here to talk about a little bit codomain of one's own what is that what domain of one's own is inspired by Virginia Willis novel a Room of One's Own any ideas why don't faculty and students have a space of their own to build to create why are we all using these institutional spaces that we have no control over our death
so we did it at Meyer
Washington in 2013 every student and faculty who wanted their own space got and we built the network through the school for these individual nodes on the web for example this is so the most this is her sight she was an art student if you go to that URL it's a completely different site where she's actually selling and framing ha or work for other people but that domain becomes a consistent presence of who she is and her work over time radically different than notions of a learning management system or the virtual learning environment same goes with
faculty here's 2 examples of fact besides the don't stop there are also low-cost
sites students can work together to build a resource on the web for example typing civil war on major historical event in China millions of people died this is the 3rd hit on Google at least in the U.S. when you search that event and this is built by students at the University of I watched so the idea of a domain of one's own with an idea of reclaiming the academic what but also people's presence on that
last right for my part having done a good job gen- big fan CIA next year in stage 1 now
really right I want don't quickly is that I
might not do this history a little bit the fund find it where we were a what's the all this tool on this page and you want what year if you know yell it out and tell me what year that how old 14 years old Facebook 13 almost 14 years old how old tumbler published 12 years old you tell 13 years old what up years old these are not infants anymore right bit of growing up to Twitter 12 years old Gmail 14 years old we collectively lived through a generation that's what's these apps gain the millions if not billions of users they have right now in
relationship to that what we thought was this kind of utopia here right to with the work and 1 of those youthful audience that got up and said that right we saw this as a kind of utopian vision city of the future not realizing or realizing but not wanting to admit what we were we have been doing we're
providing the space to be mined for a personal that again and again right and what that means and how that narrative Dana Boyd and other folks this conference have done that much better than me some I reiterate but there's some simple things like like they felt the bubbles personalization term cookies platforms that locker and sooner or later start looking at this a
political not joke anymore but reality now we did talk about how this happened
why this happened and there are people who do that better than Mesa please look for them or G. waters at least education my Corfield field there were many but I wanted a little bit about the open technologies 1 being our sense the other being the API for the Application Programming Interface rss is an open format Google Reader you'd subscribe to a few blocks right those posted comments the the White being dated you're being followed you are being cooking your information was not being my the
API as much as for many is the future was a completely different reality no I hear it and even if you don't wanna Italian here some of the Google change their API right what at me what it means Google changed access to something without you having any control when Twitter changes there it usually means they your access and so the the corporate programming interfaces added deciding what we get and how we get where feeding off of that once they shut us off with screwed often people like orgy waters in
Lane having talking about this since 2013 2014 talking about the idea of data I n data as the new gold and we saw that recently in The Economist now I'm interested in this because I do think right now at least in the US I can't speak for Germany although I understand Germany has and how got funding they're actually building a wall called Alan Nassauer school or whatever you wanna call it I I give you a little bit of a word of warning right now Educause a talk about this thing called the ng DLE if we don't have another act enough acronyms here's
another 1 the next-generation digital learning environment and the art is done by a general but not by the name of brine now there's great artists really fun but it's potentially like a leg why because as we talk more about the personalization of the way that these new platforms these new possibilities 1 of things we all
have to come to terms with is that this stuff is premised upon giving 3rd parties complete access to all students at all faculties information that's what personalization effectively means as its framed by the NG DOA right not personalization doesn't come for nothing the API the experience API the X API is about collecting the experience that
matters and this is in their kind of flight quantifiable shareable trackable that's what we're doing to our faculty and students were made and quantifiable shareable intractable I think for me this becomes a kind of
problematic relationship orgy what it says it loud how much of personalized learning is imagined and built and sold by tech companies precisely for metrics marketing conversion rates customer satisfaction they just use different words outcomes based learning analytics so as Germany heads down this
road and it's an interesting road that's a fun road and it's an exploration I can't sit back and say you know I have a lot of fun
even when I was maybe sharing a product or an idea that was somewhat questionable but more and more we're moving into this question of surveillance capital of how these companies and these
services are monetizing and you know what there can be a relationship that
somewhat negotiable there's a of group working out of Finland the columns of my dad and I've been following the StarServer about 2015 are really interested in their flame framework work is basically do we have a bill of rights for sharing that the GDPR starts to get at this point but what if we had not a corporate API that we depended on but personally 1 of you decided who got access to your information your address your
birthday your posts and for how long what if we kind of reinvented the notion that the services at the center and we pay homage and give data to it and put the individual at the center and make of a more equitable relationship Google washer information Twitter washer information fine they should pay you for it they should let you know when they're using right what is a model like that looked so let me get back to my point
the middle one's own in my mind and in my imagination becomes there it becomes your node where you build in frame your personal identity in you share wherever you Y so like the social networks to go away but what is it mean for us to have a more equitable Web where we decided who uses it for how long and what our relationship is that the right now there's no transparency on how this stuff is being you for me the 1st step this relationship is reclaiming that presents and then deciding how everything works and so with that I'll the talk and I'll thank you for your time if
we
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Domain of One's Own: Reclaim Your Data
Serientitel re:publica 2018
Autor Groom, Jim
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/36642
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract A Domain of One's Own is an international initiative in higher education to give students and faculty more control over their personal data. The movement started at the University of Mary Washington in 2012, and has since grown to tens of thousands of faculty and students across hundreds of universities. This presentation will explore how Domain of One's Own could provides a powerful example in how higher education could harness application programming interfaces (APIs) to build a more user-empowered data ecosystem at universities.

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