Crisis Response Makerspaces

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Crisis Response Makerspaces
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A mid-wife in the mountains of Nepal, a surgeon under bombardment in Northern Syria – how can digital, distributed manufacturing support them to deliver basic needs and healthcare services they need? This session will present different innovative approaches to hacking the humanitarian aid system. Speakers will present their projects and discuss how they can support each other by creating a globally accessible open source catalogue and network of crisis response makerspaces.
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Software developer Forest Digitizing Video game Self-organization Extension (kinesiology) Spacetime
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View (database) Projective plane output Data conversion
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Goodness of fit Channel capacity Different (Kate Ryan album) Planning Cuboid Online help Drop (liquid)
Goodness of fit Dialect Buffer solution Similarity (geometry) Physical system
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Point (geometry) Group action Dependent and independent variables Channel capacity Universe (mathematics) Moment (mathematics) Office suite Field (computer science) Spacetime
Software Multiplication sign Moment (mathematics) Self-organization
Presentation of a group Field (computer science) Number
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Food energy Address space Spacetime
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I bet if we
the a warm
welcome to all of you I am very much delighted to in this session on behalf of the the and said the Ministry of
Economic Cooperation and Development and of G Isaacs it's part of the serious tech for good for which another word events have already taken place I think this would be another session which will show us to what extent digitalization will change Development Corporation there are already very impressive examples 1 example for instance the mark and projected Kaneohe which has cooperated with keen young makers and they have managed to flow through 3 D printing to produce vital spare parts for hospitals and even stepped folks in order to allow to hear heartbeat of unborn babies and these have find is an extremely interesting example for the what you can do with in critical situation in crisis situations where supplies are not available as the available spare parts are
not available medical supplies are not available and that you can really save the life of people by using maker spaces I think this session will
also show to us to what extent development organizations have to change under the challenge of digitalization I think all forests are still at the beginning to changing their own behavior their own approaches their use that tendency in development organization and I say this being myself a member of a development
organization to just repeat the opts pollution and we have to try and we are trying really to use digitalization too much larger extent in future than they did in the in the past let me just
say in a personal remark I was 2 years ago in northern Iraq and I met an amazing networks of maker spaces make own initiatives in northern Iraq not only in certain urban places but even in refugee camps and that has brought us to the idea why not establish such kind of make us face why not encourage the establishment of maker spaces to a much larger extent in 2 years later and now I'm very proud to announce that by now there is 2 years later a new program prospects for modern using ICT that supports various maker spaces in Iraq cities but also in refugee camps across the country and I'm sure that this is an example which can be repeated in many other areas of the world especially under crisis situation how this can function and what examples we have already will now learned from the very interesting panel and I'm very delighted to work on the idea and the moderated he at 1 stage will lead you through this session let's enjoy a very exciting and interesting session generating good let by thank you so much thank you very much and so not sure of all of you so open in his opening keynote our yesterday on the main stage and which are reminded us that if we have the ability and the power of the technology to innovate all our industries or sectors why don't we put that to good use of was kind of a call to action to really focus on the humanitarian needs and was chat these challenges we have and try to fix those with all this creative energy we have in the next session you enemy for people who are doing exactly that and we want to take a look at the question of how do we help those in need more effectively and how do we use all these digital innovative tools that we have to help people living in conflicts disaster or humanitarian cats trucks so this next session megacenters can a feature for people 3 organization who doing just that and I'd like to introduce them to you and welcome them on stage here I mean Qatar's founded the world's
1st crisis response make is based in Berlin which is solving problems of humanitarian aid and problems of people in migration status refugees and you be represented by the bus and you're a man who has developed a concept for cheap mobile hospital which is playing deployed in Syria and all of the replicators please welcome them warmly and also represented kinds today's room annoyed about as a photojournalist and part of the artist collective paying He's help build up an organization called seawatch which since
2015 is saving people from drowning and the European borders in the waters around Europe and saved the lies of
30 thousand people please welcome Rubin warmly I also fees welcome Bahoku mom who is the manager of a ever innovations space community space colds community where in copper do Paul she's going to be telling us how they helped build a community with local innovators to really reshape the lies people there after the devastating earthquake and last but not least we so please welcome season-long
from all organization called field radiate she's season I was gonna report for us from the teams and also in the parlance Syria and the work they're doing that provide you with a port medical tools but also other 3D-printed goods as field ready I'm very excited to be stare sharing the stage with you for the format of the session is going to be such that each 3 parties so Sebastian and Roman
Barnhart and Susan it's going to give us a short input a short talk of presenting their walk and they will sit here on the panel discussing and exchanging of views and experiences of an invite you to join this conversation as well so out the mass and run would you like to take the stage there 1st of all a
big thank you for the invitation and for the possibility to speak in front of you and nominee and we talk about the work of countless we talk about a mobile hospital because this was the biggest project last year so we decided to take this opportunity to give a brief introduction to another projects and
to explain how I make a space a crisis response Baker spaces working
on the time of the twenties of 2017 all they have come earlier a perjury called this meant more than 30 hours for the category 5 hurricane that left back the island was a complete destroyed infrastructure for the 1st 2 having 8 days after the typhoons the problem was that there was still the so-called Jones Act the Jones acts as the regulatory ectoderm meant to support the US industry and it says that only ships that are flying under the U.S. flag other low to enter grew in terms of pots so for the 1st 8 days there were no to it is to bring any of any goods any thick the pond to the island after these 8 days president Trump wave these act for 10 days so a lot of good 7 with a lot of equipment could which the island but still it was stocked because all the rules will
still blocked for a lot of days there was no fuel to transport things and so with help according to reach the people it should reach when we took a look at it this timeline of this disaster we've made you thought like why didn't they just them the goods and being ported the nation's by the by natural because obviously every
year there are thousands and thousands of people who chomp hold off full working planes freely and was so fun so there while obviously race to bring people and to bring bailout onto the also safe and secure when we
look into this we found out that airdrops is mainly made by the military and there were only a few little possibilities to do this so in the way that you return angels' can add up to is that we have problem and we have a solution but unfortunately this solution is so lately in the hands of 2 military and if you want to do things without a military you have to consider different things for example if you want to organize the net conference you might expect a shitstorm if you were 1 to organize them severely actual capacity you have to get together a lot of fancy equipment but you will not have the endless budget to military has so we thought about how to get this continent's and together so we can also drop boxes of goods and out of an aircraft so
1st of all you need an aircraft therefore we teamed up with the Swiss humanitarian pilots initiative and we found out that that there is actually a what the readability of aircrafts because if you look at the as anomaly it's quite hard to get a helicopter or a a transport aircraft but a fund industry and define industry of passion is available all over the world so XT it's quite easy to access the aircraft similarities with 2 parachutes
he also define industry and provides a solution I myself I'm park lighting pilots as all colleagues from the humanitarian pilots initiative that's also the idea was born to set up so the actual capacities because with the park letter here for the reserve parachute you have to throw away every few years because it expires and so there are hundreds they're even solvents of old parachutes we could just use to the actual up goods in disaster regions which are pretty much needed there so the only thing that was missing was a nice buffer system
to that 2 kind of secure fresh you go it's like you can see here in the picture and from getting destroyed of to impact them on the ground so if we take all those things together them we have a
solution in parts and even the Swiss status quite interested already in that solution we already have the authorization to a to a 1st round of tests drops you already have the aircraft and plays but now we have to get things
together and that's why we need a X the crisis response make a space and is actually other basis running RIA hold the fields we see a problem Cédric coming back we take a look at so market what is available the most was that solutions are too expensive you too expensive for us said societies as plenty of money but especially too expensive to provide the
solutions to communities that just much more affected and not in the best situation regarding funding and stuff like that so idea was to bring together of the people who ordered the field so see the problems together with people from the affected communities from know best how to solve the situations right from the from the start together is universities from the year in Germany because they have a lot of capacity to support us was science and research and notes and peaks who already experience in things that we need to think for example how to land a palette should directly of the points that you need in this while in this the president once maker space
we're working on different solution not only that drops a small 1 hospital I spoke about we both 1 last year and we work with a small 1 hospital in northern Iraq at the moment we're waiting for the permission to cross a border to coordinate on Syria and 2 in the crisis response maker space we're working together was a big group of people on a solution based on you see containers because they are much cheaper as an office solution that available all over the world and we're working on developing a blueprint that we can deliver to local and jails to help them improves the
situation so this is basically all that we're doing we face 2 main
problems swung problem as them in this sector fumitory made this will really we not innovation-friendly because a lot of big organizations are not really keen on changing the race of their working at the moment and the other thing is that really really needs the Nexus were local communities because 1 there was a disaster it's much too late for small organizations like us to tried to start to find the access to the communities so I think we have the time to speak about this today and was people from other countries well-developed this networks thank you so much next up
is Susan Long from field ready which is putting up a presentation in here all 3
talks and then we're gonna start the panel and a but please keep your questions in mind there
about and teach me to keep to here is number 1 please so of all your great like and so I am Susan from
field I did and this is as summer is a mechanical engineer in Eitel in northern Syria 1 of the
few areas which remains under moderate opposition control in Syria and I'm sure you may have heard in the news as being subjective a heavy bombardments when the summer started working with us just over a year ago we found that these search and rescue teams we're struggling with the equipment they had to rescue civilians from collapsed buildings they had airbags but they cost 5 thousand dollars ago and they couldn't replace them so some it's with our core engineering team to develop this packet it uses heat welding of polyester so a technology in a material which is available in every truck stop in Syria and to create this air bag here which costs for 160 dollars can live 5 tons of rubble and and is being used so far to rescue at least 20 civilians and is reason being nominated for Fast Company's Innovation awards this is a valid so when Fields Reddy 1st went to you in the pull in 2015 they looked on 3-D Hubs websites to see you if anyone it listed a 3 D printer in the ball and they found 1 in Katmandu so they call them up and said your 3-D printer and he said no I don't actually have a 3-D printer but I'm very interested in them side of Kras but circuits start and now 2 years later round has become well known around rural health clinics and other places in the pool 3-D-printing items like these he also has established in the polls this treaty new printing associational and has several in terms of his own with under field ready in addition is actually set up his own company which imports 3D-print science and trains others in design and recent me was commissioned to make the trophy from the poles answer to expect exciting so a little bit of context so field Reddy was really
born out of frustration with the
exponential time and financial
ways that can be involved in getting just a simple part to where it's needed post-crisis post-disaster that it's really it's involved into a way of working which is about seeing people living in complex situations for what they can do not just what they lack right and to do this we often make use of digital manufacturing technologies those CNC machines 3-D printers laser cutters except checked and notice transforming production anyway globally and this allows us to use digital designs which means we can share things so that we share it said that we send side shed light snow atoms overboard as and which allows teams of city in northern Syria to acquit Syrians in southern Turkey to have a Texan is sample and the rest of our sort of global team including the guys in the poem to solve the problems its pay identifying whether that be how'd you produce crops with limited water how'd you get spare parts of expensive equipment medical equipment when the chain is broken all had you help an entrepreneur with his research and development the digital designs also allow us to you a distributed manufacturing model and this is where we take maybe a sort of medium scale production batch of an item developed often for that context and distributed between multiple local makers in many cases is trained and equipped by Fields Reddy and just mentioned doing this we often partner with with all or part of the May lights and you have a platforms and you procurement and I think there G. 35 tomorrow there were also in space somewhere sorry that was a great plug anyway it had have 2 there was a great talk
will be about health and because it's something that comes of everywhere we off and and also because I thought was the topic of Republican so I don't know if
it's the is so cute and he really of started in high ET with our engineers going out there
and this thing the rule clinics talking to the guys on the ground her what things they couldn't get and doing the intermediate process of design prototyping iteration testing
and producing for example here this umbilical cord clip went to multiple ever a
variations to you come up with this design and you know that's now available on the various and people around the world have downloaded them where now working on a more sort of systematic yes systematic approach working with the wh- Melamed healthcare class which re cords every piece of broken equipment in healthcare facilities in northern Syria and so we're looking at how to get the most value from that by working with those facilities to understand walked has lost impact for the clinicians and and also to understand things like which of the items which commonly break and how did they break so powers broken pieces of equipment there over half of them are 8 types of piece of equipment out of a list of 50 is so we can get a more value out of what we do and it's exciting cause we're doing it from our space
in northern Syria we're doing it with a partner in Mosul in northern Iraq and also in the pool where they are also making use of the distributed manufacturing system for some of the health care items like that their most setting which faces and yes so in summary to say that this is where we hope we too see development going that there are systems in place to localize production even in the immediate aftermath of crisis disaster conflict so that people if you are living in complex environments are able to access these digital global economy and in doing so take control of rebuilding their own features thank you and so
had and the last input tokens can be given by Baja command and commute Chanderpaul and just putting up her presentation is well and the new my name's Baja and
I'm from Katmandu I I I have a hard time answering the question where I'm from these days I'm actually from Indian and grew
up in the U.S. but my partners now Nepali I'm rooted very very rooted to the polymer soda-pop community is a magical space and it started about 2 and a half years ago and our vision is really bad to a disaster can be a catalyst for innovation so what happened is after the earthquake communitaire comes provides lead services and then very quickly sees that a community that doesn't have everything at their disposal is really created in really innovative at problem solving so we thought well why not harness some of the brilliant thinking and create a resource center and what should that resource center look like well it looks like a really dynamic thank you space and that attracts a lot of different types of people on our vision is really to try and take innovators into becoming successful
entrepreneurs and the way we do that is through our
space we have a make a space and to a lending library we have a co-working space of training and now we do also do business incubation and a lot of this stuff is plugged into the larger ecosystem where we support a lot of these groups into trying to find further investment to further their projects so this is a
glimpse of our space we had 16 shipping containers that were donated tests after the earthquake and we use that to build out a makers space are co-working space a funky bar that opens up for networking and that that's basically what our space like it continues to you all as people come through what I want to
do quickly is take you back to when the earthquake actually happened and so in April of 2015 what we saw was an amazing response by local communities so that immediate response was by people living there they won attached to NGOs' they were people who went back to their home villages Katmandu is a place where you get the police from all over the country that have been living there and this was an opportunity and the need for them to go back and respond to their their families living outside the value and what we saw was loads of citizens that mobilized and converted a cafe a breakfast into a staging area and this is evidence that local communities are the best at responding immediately when a disaster hits
so what's the bald added that some of you may be familiar with something called a grand bargain and this is just of meeting of fancy countries about 30 donor aid agencies and humanitarian players that come together to make decisions and what they did in 2017 as they committed to dedicating 25 per cent of the global finance to building the capacity of these local responders recognizing that they really are the ones that are best able to respond most immediately so this is actually quite encouraging because it allows us to take projects like Paterson build ready and say you know what we need to now use these innovative approaches to really build the skills and the capacity of local communities to better respond so I
wanted to give you a few examples of some of the things that we do in our space so we had a humanitarian make fair back in 2016 and were gonna have another 1 in 2018 I encourage all of you to come at the magical wonderful experience it's going to be in September but basically this was a
way to showcase a lot of the really wonderful innovative solutions that are emerging in the Paul and this is a really interesting it was a glimpse for us to look at how all Nepali is really looking at how can we recreate our country now this is an opportunity after a disaster to apply some really new ways to address agricultural challenges to address challenges run energy and so what we want to do is basically support a lot of those ideas and further them and so we're
going to have a snake offense September the 22nd and 23rd were also considering doing I make a track where some of these innovative solutions that have been designed can now be introduced to communities living in remote areas in the Himalayas so rounded solution 1 of the
groups in our space OK a construction company that basically and reintroduced a very traditional way of building and it wasn't applied very much before the earthquake but afterwords it's take its
increased significantly so they've trained over 60 architects engineers and workers in the community and they have provided an alternative to the traditional bricks traditional breaks are extremely and toxic for the air in the that becomes basically released really polluting air a really pu horrible pollutants into the air so the government has not proved to this as the rebuilding methodology for schools and hospitals and rounded solutions is now rebuilding schools and hospitals in districts that were affected by the earthquake another really
wonderful project is the informal urban communities initiative this is a cross cultural project with between the University of Washington in Seattle and coming to university and what they did is they went into communities and
build a community based on project into the built environment and what they found is that the communities were locking green space and what they really just wanted was a place to gather and a place for their children to play so as you can see now that it's 3 years after the earthquake people are really looking at how can we design our communities differently how can we build on what we've learned to build not only resilience but just a healthier way of sustainable living so this was the play pod of
these play pods and playgrounds that can actually be mobile and moved from community to community and they used make space to designers and about this and place it
into the into the communities and their captors to Katmandu fish to common do is a really amazing the environmental Justice movement that was seeded at community where they started meeting every week it's a group of citizens that said were tired of the air pollution in Katmandu and we know that something can be done about it so what they do they started leasing air-monitoring
devices all over Katmandu valleys and started making that data available to the public and just before I came we had a meeting with the local mayor who has agreed to have a public town-hall meeting to discuss on the low-hanging policy wins so water something that we can collectively implemented to mitigate air pollution in Katmandu so this gives you an idea of sort of the diverse projects that can come out of a space like this after a disaster and that's why make a fair that's mandatory make a friend 2018 the aim of it is looking at how we define the future that's looking at design thinking and about a very sort of positive community future that we wanna collectively built so this is some other groups so
we worked with an our space and were continuing to grow and like I said it's I think what's been highlighted in the previous talks is how critically necessary it is for a lot of these innovative ideas to be locally grounded and locally applied and I think that's what we're looking for today are ways to to basically integrate and collaborate on some of these ideas I think you thank you very much for to
all full of you for sharing these insights into what us what strikes me immediately is that you all working in as the same sector but in very complementary ways so it seems like the humanitarian aid sectors 1 that needs to be
innovative from very different approaches and perspectives we had like 10 start off with asking we 1 you would like to sort of special the to view these are highly technical and highly complex topics and I'd like to know how you 1st got into doing this I mean I'm sure it's not an overnight thing that you think I'm going to
come up with a mobile system hospital on dinner to I mean rent a boat and save people the sea in a was so the starting point for getting into this view various really follow us there was little you
rekey a starting point it was more like when we started Ngô in 2014 we started to work pretty quick another serial another serial and these times I didn't get it a lot of
support to be honest not the big a disease but not from the states of the UN so always topic big need to try to to have some more than once to the point that we did we did just just education for paramedics and the research what's needed here is somewhat
hospital because the font line to the IS was moving so fast and it was such a dynamic situation so decided OK we tried a set of such mobile hospital came back and took a look at the market and that we saw that such an hospital would cost us millions and millions of you will so it was definitely not possible to reporters on but we had voted truck and that like the image of tried will build a all models but so that they can judge can just step by step we bought a 2nd track commitment modern nations and once you finished this small
hospital we said that this is a pretty much product Wallace let's see if we can improve this and this was like a housing crisis response make space was born just like we did this project and after that we saw like know we have the workshop and no we can take the problems this the lecture
adds anything else if you see what she had had from Z which perspective it's already in the title crisis response so it's not
that we thought about technical solutions in the 1st place it was there was a crisis and we had to respond to it and recognized when we were all there that there's a lot of things we could improve if we would have solutions for this and then you start to kind of think about it and build up technical solutions so make sense there is a crisis and you are prepared and you will be able to respond in a better way maybe Susan have you was
if a field ready basically formed by a group of people who are engineers 3-D is headed you come to pinpoint we there's a humanitarian crisis that we can use these technologies to help and I'm sure there's a cover letter between supplying basic the whole of Haiti during other catastrophe there with umbilical coal plants which is an amazing achievement that
you had and so I believe the the 2 co-founders meant that the thing might have met Singularity University MIT cited before my time and so we have someone who came from the humanitarian emergency relief background for of 15 20 years and have been very interested in innovation and someone you actually was an industrial product designer but it worked in 3-D-printing Minister environments as still there and such as actually 3-D-printing in space so those 2 guys and they had a sort of crossover interest in that kind of was the ignition point and they started it and then other people came on board and I think it's you know that that's the sort of the approach approach is always remained that's about people things being made where they're needed and by the people who need them and and it's it has changed a little bit is we've sort of expanded and worked in different places so myself and my colleague George you have been working more on this see me a response which is got a little bit which is you know no longer in agency emergency the strong city building reconstruction yes ladies backgrounds that reflect that as well so that's taking the technology into a slightly different places well inside a building the networks of makers and skills and so on what I really like about me commutes had this
idea the EU in the end only Mr. chaos that you have at during the disaster time but also of course in the time of operation after that you need a physical space of people to come together and exchange a space of people to meet the down action strategize about what they can do and space of the basically as you say your presentation community to come and what from but obviously if you come in as a new kind of
space and so we have to take a lot of baby steps to get to the point where you are now building a community in reaching out had that what few and that an excellent question and I have to say that the team that set up the power community there is the 1 and
sample octaves here so if him in his team that did a brilliant job of working closely with the community
to provide relief services and then doing a lot of design thinking with them around you needed a space if you want to the
space what would it look like what would you needed to have what would you need to be entered because it was so community-based science community grounded we were actually at a point where were we were about to shut our doors because we parent we could make it happen and we were like is a great idea but maybe it can't work we went and organized a community meeting of all of our different users and they said no you can show you can show you do is you cannot it's not copied it won't happen and through that we were able to collectively find solutions to stay there and that is a
testament to what was created on day 1 when it was always based on community needs and were community responsive constantly adapting and iterating our programs and services and activities to
be based on what they need and what they want on the night of the like to discuss with all full use idea that your hacking this
humanitarian aid system which destinies innovation obviously you're not coming into an empty space this is filled with large organizations have been around for decades doing their job so maybe to start off with the way you welcome to the open arms is it that people say thank goodness now there's a fine ease of precious fresh air some new ideas coming in nope definitely not just the
opposite that adding is in the Mitterrand field the people up pretty time and I I think they they they're there and to say is this is not being mean of there we laughed what they do so they have to believe in what they do so through really a problem if you come and say like perhaps is not the best way to do it we could improve such so the established in jails so it's really hard to get together with them to form networks in these are the 2 political analyst but so you ask like Why don't you go to this organization to that organization make network let them in finance you let that gives
you donations we tried that most of them said like we have solutions some of the solutions of 10 or 15 years old some solutions are coming from from other
conclusions like they did or work in the same environment like us but the exchange ad Alamo I think there is a kind of grass-roots movement was a lot of ideas and a lot of innovations and there was a kind of established in jails and the bridge between them this small it's a moment I I won't say that there was a really close but it's a small personal of people world open window try to change the bigger organizations but it's a long way I think Susan it would
you share the same sentiment you work together logic was a she showed you and bonds and extend sample the share in the fall and that we can discuss the bit longer 2nd as every cow for example have you had a different experience I mean what I
do think that within humanitarian and development organizations the wrong lots of people who want to see change I think there are lots of people you know is piss me also the frustrations and and I also to be honest I think it's no innovation has become a bit of a person with it as well so there's a lot of people want to say they're doing innovation I think the frustration sometimes is getting beyond that being invited to lunch so he can show off your 3-D Printer and you know that you had with got innovation day to actually getting in the kind of program somewhere in getting real funding out of it I didn't think it was to live that you know I don't think people don't want to but it's sort of working out where you can fit in where you can support that I think there's a real challenge in this people say they want to innovation but they only want to do innovation once it's completely proved which you have here a little bit of a contradiction in
terms and they analysis that kind of comes from the political environment in the states as well and I think you also appreciate people have politicians all donors and public people
so yes the challenge that I think I think it's kind of like about how to work together for it as well like at now housing really how do we support them to
meet their and so was can get about the later at the rates really point this and
you'll be working with experiments technologies and new ideas it's you coming into field will people very vulnerable and very needy so this idea that you as you just said things have to been tried and tested someone else fall before use the context how
is that you ruined houses something that use the value in choosing to the approaches of the technologies you work with
sometimes it's not that easy to collect choose for for a new technology you come into work and for example when we responded to the
crisis on the Mediterranean Sea there was a lot of new developments where we didn't know if it works out but I have 2 big organizations would just absent because it was not just a humanitarian crisis but also a political 1 so as there was no political will to so we would like to find a solution for this crisis them there are no findings by the big UN organizations so then it was up to the civil societies to some most been and that it was try and it's it's always difficult because it's about human lives and you might also put human lives at risk by trying out new things but if there's no response at all to move to a crisis it's better to try narrower than to do nothing nothing think yeah that is a look of the you
know just position but maybe it depends on sort of the situation the field because very often there's this sort of our the that developing countries used as a testing ground for new things right so this idea that specializes in datasets context often an issue when it comes to things like identity management and but also in other fields that we have still so there's this idea that it's OK to test set things in developing countries that we would be using ourselves here which might be a little bit and just positions what you just said regarding
the adaption of innovative approaches in humanitarian aid sector anyone think that so this this is actually a huge debate and working in the power I have to say in being in a poem we talked a little bit about this already on the energy in the spirit around innovation and Entrepreneurship is definitely there but it's a very young population so a population that doesn't necessarily have the right skills to be honest and what they need or the idea is to be seated and then they can run to adapt and apply them so that's why do you think that a lot of these approaches need to be really locally driven at the end of the day they do have to be locally driven but if there's a way to plant those seeds in those communities and really empower them to make a move them forward that's not testing applying and implementing and if that ownership is there I'd I think it's possible to do it and in in an appropriate way yeah yeah and I
think it's a really good point as well and yeah due to be careful but I think is that it's maybe a about taking some taking elements which are tried and tested and it but using them and where readers sometimes it's it's it's allowing us to leapfrog the
constraints of the infrastructure that isn't there as you know we can we can we don't have to have a million-dollar factories to make things you need to have a service 3D-printed a solar panel but trying to make sure that the things that I've done within that can be probably properly tested and guarantees and so we do think I mean as I was sort of you know to you testing in different parts of the world as well yes is an as you something that yielded things about a lot because we've had
debates in the past on how can you make itself accountable like the again this example of high heating applying a whole country with something like umbilical cord costs 3D-printed products how can you make yourself as an organization not liable in a in a positive sense and with this more nuke of technology where you have got something embedded in the in the thing in the devising this coming from us I think that's a beautiful answering gave Kahan I think he showed that tree which presentations very well how you working very Nokia embedded that might be a little bit of a different situation you use you coming from this very emergency direct response context has at something you try to address we tried actually the same way so on how we working in an emergency open field we always try
to work together was slope wheels the lottery right we don't know a thing was a local community we don't know what to local needs and stuff like that and even the 1st line inversely response that we did in muscle wouldn't have been possible results support of local communities so real in a continuous discussion with these people like what this unique that we have to solve because I think you measure and it has to have same true make it some of the some of the I wouldn't they're redundant so that's basically the same it is a delivered had because we have to work the most people faster and to the small pressure which essentially the same way but I also think there's low-budget sometimes
helpful to reached is the skull to work closely together with the local because if you have a lot of money you can just solve it by sending a
lot of goods into a country and and solve problems by just adding equipment and if you don't have to budget you have to sort things out sort of things differently and then you have to get in contact with the locals and I think that's good sometimes and we only have 10 minutes left I Diffie 1
opens up questions from you guys as well so if you have 1 please raise your hand and of the party's going to come
by with a microphone and find you and was of the season really was a good all right the fact that if you question and the what you thank you very much really impressive work that you're doing and also trying to bring in local community what I'm wondering we've seen attacks on humanitarian workers also from you and cell phones sovereignty and
say how does that work for you if you working with local communities there probably having a different status it's maybe more difficult for them especially content considerations so how can how can that play out because it's a must that seems to me attention on the 1 hand between the established probably sometimes more protected also in an international
law humanitarian worker and bringing the locals in which obviously is so important but I'm just thinking what's really the protection mechanism that also can be in place for them you just say to some be specific on the panel the whole panel Greta feels like responding I whoever feels like the 1 they would like to take it did you will hear it well it is it could quite difficult right so do you mind coming up here of it because it's kind of hard to leave all the way back here on stage and the train was passing as well can be summarized in just 1 sentence the so kind enjoys a little bit of
runtime sorry say question is how can you protect the local and the population
when you getting it and kind of as yet humanitarian workers as well because there's been a tax on same itself on some yeah and how can you actually bring in protection mechanisms as you working with the community right about it magic again that had you help yourself be protected on the field has been attacks against organizations like the basis of what the other organizations had used protect yourself and you work as well thank you very much so I would say go
and good compote to the local community use the most crucial point about protecting yourself and about protecting the people you're working with because you need to understand environment you're working on and like whatever threat normally local community lot knows best and that's the best way to establish is relationship with the local community and as they agree I
mean really I think presents a summer is the 1 that's in the really dangerous place and
it's completely up to him how he how public he wants to be about what he's doing and you know we we follow is leading we just I talked about make sure said also sold thinking through his wrist is what the
1 thing I would mention that some firms that women accidental side-effect of having these sort of small makers spaces
right now as a summit is indeed live and any large building is being bombed so any factory any hospital and so on so the fact that he is in quite small workshop and the you know potentially if we get to having a distributed thing of workshops they sort of that's another way that sort of protected and resilience that they're not visible from the air we did you like this now you have
a question fees for the stand in the middle here and they
the you and effective approach then you and then and and that's thanks it on a short side
note out about the protection I work from the science of the and we have a lot
of procedures in place you you don't need them if you that small are better in fact the community so I think that's what helps you a
lot I know a lot of people have since were and small teams within the people I the people who are in place you know like the communities and they protect you better than the protocols for the big organizations so I would feel more
safer was Catterson muscle than I would feel actually was a that often so
just on this my question was that I like very
much like each of your well that like your make a lot a ideas and ideas how to change the name turning sector but when you have something where you really do want I mean that's maybe maybe 4 carbons and cute ready how do you want to deploy it another large scale because to be honest you're all very small compared to the big NGOs' so what you gonna do I are you cooperating with them and you use that they don't like innovation which I agree on a little bit so high
how do how is a plan for the future because if you can't make it big helping in a very small scale thank you
I think this solution again the local communities so a porch is not true develop and and produce products but we develop products all races is of open souls so always with the needs of the local communities and what can they built after them after that themselves so we can't rely on donations and funding and stuff like that so we can only rely on that connection to bring this idea is a kind of blueprint to the local communities and to persuade them that is a good solution the wonderful and anybody
else and I personally from my
big the feels ready I I would like to
see a network of make cares and i'd like i'd like to see a summer supporting a network of makers come across northern Syria being supported by people in southern Turkey and you know now working in northern Iraq you are able to work together produce things and particularly kind of support I cook a poor going for a while actually so that's it yeah and it's of adenyl was so trying to work out how to work with other people to really make that happen but I don't think it's about becoming as big as big as possible I think it is about sticking to what we what we know and what we believe that really excited Alaska's connects through like no confidence and which is also another way the ready of interest in scale thanks and my question
is do deleted by hopples as anyone else who who would like to answer it I as 1 read you could
say a few words about the role of crisis response makers spaces in helping communities to become more resilient to potential future crises and that is also an impact there as well as in responding to
something is already happened yeah so 1 of the aims of a space garrison community here is
to help communities become
more resilient I think 1 of the things that we saw after the earthquake response is that we know that the the social capital is there's so the networks are and I think if we can sort of introduce some of these innovative ways to respond more timely and more efficiently and get more services to more people that would be a really great success 1 thing though what what we're seeing now at least an hour's maker spaces people really focused on reconstruction and rebuilding so loud examples you notice for all about Canova it's 3 years were really about rebuilding her future however Neapolitan is susceptible to regular disasters so there's flooding and landslides and there's another earthquake that eminent and so there is a need I think for the maker community local make a community to understand that there is a need to proactively be prepared for further over another disaster and not be so dependent on sort of the larger of the government responses larger so the humanitarian agencies there it's not something that's happening right no again I am curious and I do think that if those resources were introduced in available I think communities definitely would would want that right now it's happening though is that a lot of community mapping so there we do know that communities are really involved in digitizing great digital maps to understand and how they can move goods in and out and people in and out quite immediately so that's something that's definitely happening the task 2 quick
questions 1 thing I'd like to know especially from you guys but at any real science answers well since you've not been welcomed with open arms
exactly how much time do you spend advocating in lobbying these large organizations to understand what you're doing or do you not do just get on with what you're doing and not the time that from the heck have of what
and what do you call this the focusing on me with the story of I mean obviously we try to get into the media was new ideas and we tried to speak about what we are doing and that's also part of a focus in on it's not that we're like most of the time spending at that table with the big funders and this use but it's also part of it to try to spread the word about what we're doing in try to the kind of pushed us to to be picked up her yeah I think
Father pretty small organization it was just like retiree process do
be tried to get funding from different big organizations from the agencies and stuff like that so this report a lot of effort and advocacy or things no idea and so on I think that at the beginning it was 50 per cent 60 per cent try to find other associations foundations and stuff like that but it's always like this can you use small don't do would know what to doing was a lot of people that work was color so more than 15 years in the military and aid the so I think over the time we spend the rest of problems would definitely not good but new understandable systems then let me ask is a closing question I'd like the 22
ask the very quick if you can like that 1 thing
that comes to mind the old doing amazing work how can we all supported what we do to help you guys and then I heard network network network it is
like being awarded at because he had lost little kind of or calls because we're just meant to time for that have us
with the problems we have because we always have
problems when we're in the makers plays and there's always missing parts of 2 solutions and maybe you have done so come makers this I would say
bring your ideas because there's a
wonderful based on a place to cultivate
I agree with everything that they said and also these give us more mental the the I would like to
say thank you to all for the on the pan I'd like to also say thank you to the audience is an
absolute pleasure as the moderators not to
share the podium with experts that have some the experts in the audience asking so many wonderful questions and I'd also like to point out that you can hang out and meet us and not all about all these people's amazing work at the maker space that we have in the back of the networking rule and and it also like to say thank you to being part of Republican and the Global Innovation Gathering is synapses on its be working you
the it and the