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The seizure of the Iuventa

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at a it is the
and I hear it and I'm very happy to have 2 speakers here who will tell us about their experiences on the you meant that and the ship was seized in August this year the and training has been doing such a rescue operations in the Mediterranean since 2 years and she was in sparkling gold was the the you enter season she was even had a staff and Hendrick it has also been active on in such a rescue operation as a red line Bible light um which is a kind of special function and he has been doing this for 2 years approximately 4 different NGO within their happy that they here and can tell us about what happened on the events and so we have translation and to German on the number of that is In the back now and yet the 2nd didn't you with a big applause Thank you of compared to the production is on a pillow everybody in in the wake absorb the diffusion of the year and and we're glad that a few people made it here and when we actually plan for the talk we were planning for 1 hour so we put a lot of content in the description and it was only 2 weeks ago that we learned and we only have half an hour so we were really and interest to focus a bit so and what I would do is I would give you a quick introduction into the area we operate in which is the central Mediterranean I would tell you what we do then and after that country that will talk about the the to of the event and so and this is cutting and Hendrick obviously as you already noticed that so yeah I like
that 1 so I put this method the slides and so migration is happening we all know that and and people are trying to reach Europe for years in search of a better and safer life so the reasons why they're fleeing are very different from that of war violence discrimination prosecution of poverty they all have their reasons to leave their homes so what we see here is that the roots of these refugees take are constantly changing and that is due to changing political circumstances but you we have different routes through the Mediterranean them for a while now we have the eastern route that was quite famous 2 years ago where a lot of people who tried to cross the Mediterranean from Turkey to Greece and that was basically closed and we had the rest route like 10 15 years ago a lot of people tried to cross the from Morocco to Spain or to the Canary Islands and at the moment we mainly focusing on the central Mediterranean with this is that all the migration of most of the migration is happening and people are trying to cross mainly from Libya which is the wrong spot at the bottom and intuitively the and in the last couple of months they also were people trying to cross from Tunisia but still the main part of the migration is happening through the through beyond the so to give you a better understanding about what we are talking here on
we draw you a map with some distances on it the the distances are given an article my as that is the unit we use it sees so just to give you an example light and perfect conditions a refugee build that that would leave Libya would that take at least 3 days to Lampedusa more than 4 days to model and more than 5 and a half days this is a view that would be under perfect conditions and that never exist there always waves there's wins the boats often don't have a compass so they don't know where to go so in fact the only bold and we know of that really made to model that was on the way for 8 days so the distances these people have to across have to cover are quite long and yeah so that good classic Bolton
count on that road of these type of boats and will you see a wooden boat to these wooden boats have really different sizes and they take from 100 up to 1 thousand people he was a leader in the 500 with plus minus 100 but lifted up to 1 thousand people in them and and on the upper part is the the typical boat that was used under last summer and that is where the rubber boat um 120 to 100 50 people usually fit in there but we also encounter boats with 180 people in them so yes these conditions like these boats and and the long distance and this not seaworthy boats of course make this route of the most dangerous road in the
word for the most people trying to cross borders are dying in the Mediterranean you see the statistics there from the missing migrants project um they only collect the data known that's so these are no absolute numbers is just the relation so the big uh . hu part is the relation of the people dying in the Mediterranean related to the rest of the world so I think of you all see that the Mediterranean is really really a dangerous route to take some of the people are forced to take it to use this route because some yeah Europe and their allies basically closing of them the shoulder and safer routes the so the international law and states a duty to rescue people in distress and we always um have acted and complied with some of these laws of the CIA these international loss and we are fulfilling fulfilling a duty that day usually is up to the European Union but and they are not willing to do that so the NGO set to step in and to rescue these people for the region we operate
in the few and so the reason of the region we are operating in them is also regulated by the national laws and so you have to be on there are of course some yeah the Libyan law applies as well as on the indices on up to a 12 mile line which is the red line you see that and this is also a Libyan territorial waters and from the 12 mile on it's basically international waters and we have the so continuous known up to 24 minus where the Libyan authorities have uh certainly enforcement of rights but it's still it's international waters the so on the blue you see this the search and rescue area where we find that most of the votes and that is basically where we operate up to the 12 my line we don't trust them because my land usually the and so do we able to conduct effective so operations and we need of course to buy
should because without a should you can go there so that you and I was bought and the vendor was sent to the area where most bolstered given distress that means that we are doing pro active search and rescue proactive in this case means we go there before both they're getting the stress and actively search for them and that is because the ships move slowly so we can wait on my 200 ships given the stress and they're both given the stress because I'm a would to take over 24 hours to get them so for us it is important to be there when the people you depart from shore um because these boats you saw on the pictures on the slides before and they are immediately distress case as soon as they are on the open sea there's no discussion about that as soon as 1 of these overcrowded boats is in the open sea they are distressed case that they don't have to think of to be the 1st case so we need to go there before they departed to be admitted immediately in the event as a very small ships you can see that is only 33 meters long and there's not much people sitting on their and for a for transferred usually contained only the crew so we act as a 1st response units are only when we find the boats in distress the secure them with life jackets and life rafts always apply alive tickets to the people on the boat and if necessary but bring old life rafts and we figured people on the life rafts and we then call for bigger ships that transfer them to to and you can 1 of the 1 of the
should see and it's the most prudent was used by MS effort was shot at basically and this is the way because ship and it can take away more people and it can bring them safely to Italy for these transfers 3rd to these big ships we always do and close cooperation with the Maritime Rescue Coordination center and Roma so caught seen from the MRC is responsible for the stress cases in that area so um the they are there to coordinate the rescue operations and and they always ordering the transfer of the migrants so whenever we transferred migrants to 1 of these pictures you must see all of us to do so we never did that on our own the and but you have to keep in mind the emergency is not an agency that is acting independently it basically is a that of the interior ministry and so I mean is bound by instructions to the interior ministry so you have to keep that in mind for customers telling you something so as I already said the event was not suited to transport people to a place of safety is only there to secure them the that was always clearly communicated with the and we always acted as a 1st responder and secure the situation that was all jobs that is what we would at and so this is all we operated from the beginning and this is all we operated on another and you always like being in 2016 them in and and it was the same case we will there as a 1st responder was secured the people transfer them to bigger vessels they then brought them to Italy this is all the all the other uh and also working there work like CIC watch M-SSA remorse mission lifeline and all the other and yours working there we not alone there and it was the successful proved concept so just the to tell it once more the the confidence we have smaller boats staying there securing the people and once they're secured because of a bigger ships coal-fired transfer them to these because ships and they then bring them to a place of safety which usually use it to the but in May 2017 finally if something's started to change for the winter at thank you the the the and and
1 thing I may want 110 emphasize again as that and everything we did was always under the coordination of de Rescue Coordination Center in Roman Italy and up until then we really had a good working relationship with them uh we were conducting successful and very efficient as search operations rescue operations maybe a little bit too efficient and so we can say a chain of unusual events started in May this year and and 1 situation I want to talk about now as and when we received distress calls over the radio about numerous migrant boats in distress in an area we were in and ships in vicinity you had found dose boats stay and called us and ask for our assistance to rescue these people and the out up until that modern on users situation however and all of a sudden and we were requested by a damn I succeed according nations and in Rome and to withdraw to leave the search rescue sound immediately and to go to Lampedusa n so to make that clear we will ordered to ignore distress calls of people and imminent over where and life after and 3rd of their life and um and go away and this has never happened before onto them so as you can imagine we were torn back and forth whether we should sound xt um do that or not and we were somewhat obliged to um followed instructions but it does mean obviously that we had to leave people on these boats in distress behind and I can remember to persistent um if a is that day we were trying to make Annals others we're trying to make to keep the event a in the on for that and for this situation and them however I did not recounted continued consisting and finally we had to give and proceeded to Lampedusa and terms the unfortunately later we learned that those 2 days when the event I was absent uh which turn and 1 of the most busiest some rescue periods we had seen in 2017 many 100 people lost their lives and um the remaining capacities and the stars on uh we're just way beyond their capacities you since this very procedure continued twice once more in May and another time and June and again beginning we were absolutely in the dark as to what could possibly be the motivation behind such instructions and we realized something had changed to good working relationship with them I C C for some reason I wasn't that good anymore uh but we did not understand what was going on why I Danes behaving like that and I mean homes be have to realize that in this is the authority whose duty it is to coordinate the rescue rescues at sea and to save people's lives at sea and they are withdrawing and actively reducing search and rescue ships from where and when they're needed most and we were utterly astonished not to say speechless and we could imagine various scenarios amounted and of course we were quite aware that the situation they were dealing with this really I mean it's not easy to deal with so where we were before a lot of 2 times putting it down to hate OK they're probably really overwhelmed with dealing with is increasingly complicated rescues in the Mediterranean and eventually leading to poor decision-making however such incidents kept the curing the and at the end of July the Italian coastguard
transferred to migrants on board of you enter and they have found them in a really small rubber boat I had I had left from Tripoli and the requested class to take them on board so again there it was a rather unusual event never happened before as women from 100 before the bottom is usually a little bit bigger than 3 meters and they're usually a few more people than to on gets I mean you know what of what's happening out there 16 almost so uh yes we took those 2 people on board and we accommodated our guests for 2 days before which he got any instructions as to how to continue and we're kind of almost expecting that we had to proceed to Lampedusa with our 2 guests and yet so underway to Lampedusa approximately halfway we received another distress call from Rome about about that had apparently left and right in Tunisia and early morning and was really interesting that day was that they gave us super precise instructions as to how to perform a search pattern search pattern is and like organized way of prices of performing a search at sea with the coordinates and as distances to speed you go so there were in total control of what we did and how we did it and they were making sure continuously that we are following the plan and some things never happened before because usually David really not interested in how we performed a search as always if we found about obviously um the house while they were making us and perform a search pattern that would have taken us 3 days to complete the way they are more ordered us to do it and they need a gave us an official distress notification nor an official our search and rescue case number both of which would be the usual procedure um here and and probably with by adding acid also the event was the only ship involved in that research today all the other ships which is not quite a few between Tunisian Lampedusa had not been obviously not been informed another private a rescue ship that was they happen to be in the area was initially declined and by domesticity to support us and them but I kept insisting like take as a weekly cannot possibly do this on our own and so where events leading the day allowed them to to join into the search and very interesting also we requested to support Officer variance plane of a private surveillance plane by c watched and wounded and that was completely rejected and declined from morning to evening they're dying so I wouldn't it never left the ground and much editing and then you have to believe it or not and we were still not fully convinced the damn ICC's decisions are xt really solely driven by the interests of the Ministry of Interior in them in the we were still somewhat in denial and thinking that you know mn something that law enforcement would be beyond the scope really and and so our part of paranoia level had simply just not could not grasp yet the dimension of the weirdest would term take us and so the very moment when we reached Italian territorial waters close to
Lampedusa and for Coast Guard ships as quoted us with blue light into the harbor of Lampedusa the and the event was searched and seize on August the 2nd
so slowly it was dribbling all these events before and started to make sense of enterprise and in fact is a lot of texts now in in hindsight that that you know we can that we can put in order and we know that the warrants for the search as well as for the seizure had both been signed 1 day before we actually came to Lampedusa and also do a complete confiscation order off to you then turn had been them had been leaked to the media in advance so they could and they could be there they could receive as in the middle of the nite and they we waiting for us and appeared Italian press them In and and the youth inculcated search pattern we did move what was that about where buying time to fly and all these police officers that ended up on our ships and the but 1 thing we know for sure now is that and that a scenario I talked about before when they withdrew the Deventer from Justice course today in Maine
and there was actually a price they accepted to pay 2 in style about on the bridge of the event that day and um when they continuously ordered and did you venture back to Lampedusa and you know that kind of starts making sense as well if you consider that the capacity of is the card may not be that big for almost as long time and you yeah brought about the same time when the park was installed on the bridge of the event and there were also 2 and there was also 1 undercover cop place on another private risky should he later produced forged evidence to incriminate the
true after you enter so infected investigation uh within the end of the rent approved and by the Italian authorities was started as early as september 2 thousand 16 last year went to security officers on board of another vessel and they will both former cops and and pro actively informed not only special police forces and dealing with organized crime in Sicily but also the Italian Foreign Intelligence Service and uh a politician of the ligand and followed their testimonies were some was somewhat contradictory and they were reporting strange behavior of the lantern and date exceeded prompt a large-scale investigation so the accusations demand to justify the seizure of the ship Our include facilitation of illegal immigration collusion with human traffickers and possession of firearms however untill disdain there are no criminal charges against any individual crew members nor against organization uh which I guess what's in their favor as well because on that day in day you have reached what they wanted a and board time they have 1 should less and in situ rescue area at the moment and the momentary it's to get a trial there and sigh having to produce real evidence which may be trouble for them so the seizure after you've entered a called a so-called from preventive measure and it was only enabled by
anti-mafia loss which by the way were also used on again term for similar cases like the cup on a more in 2005 and the Tunisian fishes and 2007 and both of which am cases the charges had to be dropped after some years still the damage was done the so we have of course computer seizure In the meantime adequate entrap any but is to be expected that was rejected and has been taken to the next level at the Supreme Court and as a rule and the idea when no waiting for them to decide whether exceed the seizure of the you end up was legal or not in so what we have to learn in the aftermath of so most that this season of the year and that was only a small part of the way bigger and political fight what you actually want to do is they want to shut down the central Mediterranean you rude at all costs and what they also want to prevent this pictures of drawn in people and instead of sending their ships to rescue these people what they want to do is they want to get rid of the witnesses to the document of all the people the wrong and actually save them and so they're trying to stop the annealed from working there so yeah so on what we learned is that the fight for the given that we are fighting at the moment is not a legal fights but a political science and we are waiting that fight together with a lot of on the other hand deals that are active then the central Mediterranean so for us of course the season of the year there was a drop like we don't have a ship anymore which with the with which we can operate um but still you can see also with constant pressure sometimes there are positive surprises for example in December the United Nations and made an evocation flights of from for migrants from Libya directly to Europe and that of course was only possible because of the constant media work a lot of NGO did as so that the European Union had to react and and all that so what this also shows us this and that was patients and continuous struggle against it is possible to Bruce models and rewards of fortress Europe yeah did you did side thank you you you you you
you you you you you you you you think this is FIL do we have questions we have some microphones and then in this size so you can just go there and place itself can I a thinker of members think yes hello um thank you for the good you mentioned in charge of fire arms on the ship where they go and get a good question not I have not found in any evidence at all during the search and there we also later than that and they had to include a section into the accusation to xt justify the seizure at all because those are the 2 accusations would have not been Armstrong strong enough to to justify the seizure Canaan that Finland place things for a at some I 3 quick questions how much they're endocast how much would cost when you ship and is feasible in I actually have no idea how much the 2 of you know the I a rough you know how much shipped in that size would cost now and assimilation we're probably looking at at between 180 to 250 thousand and sermon feasible or not not and famine in economic point of fuel probably do about yes I mean people done it before and probably possible to do it again from a political point of fuel and it's there certainly debatable with and yet how to proceed and so what I want to write so action is at this point you OK we have the signal we have a question from the Internet please is what happened to you should unique a about the ships that have been seized I'm the system actually it's of the fetus unique um but there have been other ships and that has been in search by the cops like from FIFA children and as of the k number 1 place something to do to answer of that question we I'm in in an hour file recently also know determine what investigating against and you've entered crew and they have tapped phones of numerous people dead also work for the other and dangerous mainly in in Italy so we know that this is going over and beyond and what are know what happened to us that we were just like a digestible by to put it that way you what if I came and the 1 please the so they an half the year free time on hands whereas signed thank you that I have something again invited them to the assembly of the world and we have an just humans assembly in order to where a lot of these and he also mentioned in the talk and actually I'm so just come and talk to us fine as the the OK 1 last question is hopeless short question could we just kept him human-made but thanks for the talk and thanks for the working group 1 question of the back in was that actually legal was a legal operation that that and polished and how do you know that there's a much that have been about the and we know that there is a about because that was and is part of the investigation founded we were handed over part of to 500 pages investigation file we know the exact date and time uh when the Park has been installed and around about where and name you on the bridge of the human genome and whether or not to get action was legal because we looking at Italian authorities planting a bucket on a ship look under the Dutch flag and bagging and people in international waters mostly from the German descent on it and so today we have not got a clear answer to that question and we're still an asking a number of lawyers and uh yeah around Europe and it's probably a situation it doesn't happen too often that also you warmly invited to come around to our simply and we can talk about that a little bit more because that's 1 of the most interesting and pressing questions we have as well OK so make that you said assembly hall to just humans is based comedian making us more questions and thank you once again now you know what to what
was that of the of what kind of it to the
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel The seizure of the Iuventa
Untertitel How search and rescue in the mediterranean was criminalized
Serientitel 34th Chaos Communication Congress
Autor Hendrik
Kathrin
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung 4.0 International:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen.
DOI 10.5446/34947
Herausgeber Chaos Computer Club e.V.
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract The ship „Iuventa“ of the organization „Jugend Rettet“ was seized on August 2nd 2017 by the Italian authorities. The accusations: facilitating illegal immigration, organized crime and possession of weapons. What followed was a smear campaign that had seldomly been seen before. Against „Jugend Rettet“ and all the other NGOs that do search and rescue (SAR) in the mediterranean sea.
Schlagwörter Ethics, Society & Politics

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