Bestand wählen
Merken

Net Neutraliy Enforcement in the EU

Zitierlink des Filmsegments
Embed Code

Automatisierte Medienanalyse

Beta
Erkannte Entitäten
Sprachtranskript
and it is
a and the in the the so the next talk is done by 2 was loading on who I remember from his uh speech at 3rd budgeteer Lacombe optimism room uh where we talked about a rating and about the telecom implementing it refers stream on and um yeah he's uh the CEO of that is the roots of formerly known as occam's Boulevard in Austria and he is also a frequent guest at the podcasts and look more connects alytic where we can now hear him talking about net neutrality which is is really really special topic I mean he's going to tell us about some of the law of that agility in Europe and how it is implemented how it is controlled in whole are more offers some relax your rating of violating it please give a warm round of applause to Thomas thank you pulled link want me good so I'm going to talk a little bit about the mentality enforcement in the European Union and as you might know we have a quite a long tradition of opportunity in Europe the debate has been going on for many years and we are now at a point where we have legislation that covers all of Europe and protects the mean to that but now it's about the tricky part of actually getting it enforced the I see this is not
so much a beginner stop person would like to briefly explain what mentality is in case you need a reminder so immortality protects you mean to that from interference from the network operators that control the physical infrastructure of the Internet and in all this the keeps asking control about deciding which services who want to use or want to offer without any gatekeepers in between and so usually dose interferences in that would happen in 2 ways either technically by slowing down blocking or prioritizing traffic or in canonical sense by making certain applications more expensive than others the some this is the basic principle but
to really understand why not of the matters we have to remind ourselves why the Internet is different in previous telecommunication networks In the television systems usually you are a receiver and the kind of result you on television series from from all the art I but indeed that everyone can use and offer services it's a bi-directional network and it's also different than the telephony system because international you have a centralized controlled entity decides whether or not you can make this call between those 2 end points and it also gives those to when points in the collection dedicated price per unit which is also different from a global packet-switched network as the Internet is it so much for the basics the we are
not in that same year in Europe we have uh in this talk I will compare what's happening here in Europe with the situation in the US as untrue boasted you've heard there was some quite some big change recently and also in India which we do not hear that much about but which is also really interesting point of comparison for us in Europe what
combines those 3 areas is the way in which make neutrality was enshrined and it was always a bottom-up movement from protesters on the street come on academians librarians start-ups from many different people that came together and decided not neutrality is not just a good idea it ought to be the law and of course the debate in the US was um long-lasting so they started in 2007 and we are now in 250 duration In all 1st we prevented the bed long it neutrality and then we established a week law then this law was lost in court and we establish another 1 and now recently um in mid-December we lost all rules in the US any with this difference we had a really stony path toward the European regulation which means it is a law which is and directly applicable to all of the European Union so we have 1 legal basis and then many different regulators that now I have to we use that lot the telecom regulators will be a big point of discussion in this talk in India this kind of similar so there you have a huge push back against facebook trying to more this replace the Internet in India for a large part of the population and Indian stood up to prevent debt and now India has a really good protection at neutrality and again it is self regulation so it's not really a law but is covered by the Ministry source a little bit more solid legal standing than in the US the every new administration come was appointed Chairperson to FCC and overdone over to everything that their predecessors of and if you compare the content of the free
different our regulations and we have a very similar situation in Europe and US actually so blocking of throttling is prohibited IP priortization specialized services which basically means and those things which are not the internet but run over the same pipes and we have devised freedom so we cannot be discriminated from being I was right but use arose all using Linux or or any other hardware so that for the operators cannot dictate which devices we use and that's the tricky part where we case-by-case rulings on 0 rating are which means making data less expensive or interconnection which is the area where twice be sexually exchange data between each other and there's something unique in Europe but and the lord gives us the right that we no longer just have up to a certain speed of our internet connection but instead we have also a minimum average and maximum speeds it should be in the context of every fixed-line Internet connection you might wonder because you might not have seen those and that's part of the weak enforcement enforcement of all talk about in India and previously we only have rules a rating to given those roles
by and we've done binary still need to talk about the neutrality the thing is that in the world of delicate regulation you of those weird entities kulturnim regulatory authorities showed an eraser and they are tasked like the police and the judge with it comes dimensionality they oversee the market and implement rules so we have to really work with those guys and make them to do their job
regulation works little bit like a dull story of this stick care the regulators can use carrots to give company something which is an incentive for them to make them behave all they can use the stick to punish them issue fines on the worst case you take away their license items at the end you know we're dealing with multi billion multinational companies that need to abide along and so of course they're very different interests
tandem regulators um have a problem of revolving doors so if you look at the personnel of several and arrays of cell the regulatory authorities is those people all have histories in the industry and usually it's quite a fast way from the industry to the authority from the government should be new oversee the same industry and so of course there is particularly a strong revolving door between large countries that have state although partly state-owned telecom companies like but come off last come and their regulatory authority which usually bit more lenient towards this company that also contributes to the the government's income the another important thing to know
is that those authorities have a limited budget so in some cases they only can afford a fixed amount of cases and so would have an incentive to only the cases which they're sure they can wait which makes them the that cowardice the so how did we
enforce how that those regulatory authorities actually um is used law and I have a little bit of statistic here with the kids
activities that you would expect them to do now that we have let neutrality in order to make it work and the percentage of countries that have actually done it and which would a good countries and bear in mind with me and we have a than that gelatin on Europe covers 31 countries that means that you 28 EU member and the European Economic Area free countries but in this survey we all of you we're missing too so it's only just 29 countries that's what is the this is off so only 17 % of 5 erase updated the website in most countries if you are a user you see a problem of mentality you go to the right authority but still the your let alone you don't have any information actually how to submit a violation on dedicated complaint mechanisms for the infinitely only France has 3 % the I'm at least half of then arrays offer the users to speak test to measure their own collection of we heard before we now have a right for an average that speed but still how to get that right is still quite questionable but and and really measuring the internet on a whole to recieved there is blocking or throttling that might not every user C on very few entries are actually doing that on which is a huge problem the and then the most we had thought and we would expect of multi-billion companies a lot of lighting to love it breaks the law actually I did it would be penalties but there are few countries for added to medieval half penalties so there's no price tag attached 2 of violating the Neutrality and I would play a little of game what
you think what is the highest penalty for that neutrality in Europe anyone 63
million or 10 % of Daniel turnover which is quite high so you would think wow this is v preventing companies from misbehaving if you look at the loss penalty
that's 250 euros in Bulgaria in in that's Europe and now let's go back to
dead a graphic that we have before the types of discrimination with the things that we are actually protected against with the European legislation and how well does have been implemented when it comes to blocking of we see problems blocking not so much but problem particularly of um video streaming content that is very widespread as part of this urate office and so this type of throttling is to be on respirator all around Europe and regulators a reason to act like we've seen now in Germany where took their German regulator from April to December to come to a decision and that this decision will be upheld in court for probably 2 years so stream honesty to stay and that's part because of these problems they priortization but really an issue of specialized services we haven't seen them yet but in the next next 2 3 years when 5 is rolled out will see a huge push from the industry to reinvent the into that repackage it as specialized services and 5 g gives a little bit of addition logical background to argue why these should be specialized services and here the problem of the missing measurement comes back to haunt us because specialized services should not eat into the bandwidth of the open Internet but if the regulators not measuring how good the quality of the Internet in the country actually is you don't know if it gets worse with specialized services the vise freedom is not really a problem tattering blockades or something like that were big problem in Eastern Europe those problems are distinct but and then the minimum maximum and average speeds that's a big problem that we still have because only about 48 % of the countries of actually implemented that properly and that's why you don't see those really basic statistics about the thing that you buy and this is also something that is not unit child to use you but you in your abilities and it also something that a particularly in all areas is important because if you i speed is not offering is not really delivering the speed that you're paying for it you have to write to exit the contracts to interconnections the part where I species exchange data between the networks we just don't know because this area usually has no end user involvement they're very few very few statistics and you mostly rely on whistleblowers or people in the into the same chaps that give us information but we cannot really say whether or not it is working in that field but not to the biggest problem 0 the 0
rating especially with more in detail is the practice of exempting certain applications from me among the data volume if you have a mobile of fixed-line volume-based offer a so you have your 2 gigabytes and then Spotify doesn't count that that would be a classical 0 rating deal to certain data is more expensive and apart services of but isn't that nice the so
this type of mentality violation we see in almost all European countries so 86 per cent of the countries have at least 1 and for the most part it several z rating office out there in the market and that for several years already if we only look at those 25 countries that have that problem just go backwards mostly the countries which don't have serious other ones with which don't have the data volumes so there a few biasing card you bias and card with an offer of a certain bandwidth and speed but the volume is unlimited and of course the 0 8 and problems also but in the 25 countries where we have to fight about that
only 11 had a formal investigation into these practices in the artists in the other countries to regulate did not even look at the products step according to what they told to European regulators and sort of this 11 countries where we at least had a look if 0 rating is legal or not you think how many how many products were prohibited how erased stood up against the industry and said no this is the exactly not a
single case of 0 rating has been decided in favor of net neutrality in Europe which is exactly the same number of 0 rating cases which were ruled by the FCC in the US so not a single 1 which means a case-by-case brawl on 0 rating is not working there's been only 1 case to my knowledge where a case-by-case Rowlands erating next to the prohibition of such a product and it was in Canada already a few years ago I but
the problem is we have products like this from Portugal from the port of these incumbent you know this is the biggest telecom company Portugal if you followed by an awful of you by internet from them with a SIM card you get 500 megabytes and then if you really want to use the internet you have to buy dose application-specific bundles and those are not really 0 rating just binding gigabytes of what set of 10 gigabytes of Spotify and down and this is still not prohibited in optical that's about the level of scrutiny that the telecom regulators have shown a so far going back to the
lettuces site so this is that this was the situation at MIT 2017 the then jump came into
office and he appointed a new temples and the FCC 2 pi this is him uh in the in the video as well as the cost and yes this is real This is not for the shop and those 2 guys then killed the you as an intelligence they're gone there's a whole to maybe get them back I called which usually takes 2 years old while congressional review of the politicians to about which is unlikely before Republican Congress arm or disease states could create a patchwork of maternity protections if you have like California and trying something Indian law particularly or on forcing nice piece to do it but also about the soldiers patchwork solutions but there is also a bright giant India India only had a rule 1 0 rating before but in December day um closed the gap on all the other issues and came up again with the best legal solutions that I've seen so the Indians are at the forefront of that issue uh and um so we have a
general picture of the US really going down into going up and you're the sum across tasks so for us still debate now is about enforcement and 2018 but then we will have another big discussion because in April 2019 19 the European Commission which is not really a fan of the beginning of the open Internet and they will have to release a report wider and but or not to review the European long at vanity and then you have the industry pushing with 5 cheap for regulatory holidays which basically means just let us do our our market from capitals and our new products without interference we don't want the government to cut into whatever promises we make about 5 t and so there's a huge political pressure to go the union of mentality but at the same time we already see that the current regime is not really working the and the way in
which we enforce eternity it is also worth to compare this approach because uh both in the US and in Europe we have a support expository so only after the damage is done the regulator might get active start looking into it have proceedings which usually take a few months then deliberates then maybe makes a decision and that this decision can be hold up in court so and we see this in Germany with budget in common already we see it in Belgium received in Sweden and in the US of course I mean daily started investigating 0 rating right at the end of a bomber stops when it was clear that they could not really deliver contrary to death in India they have a really cool so as a telecom company you free to offer whatever product you like but within 7 days to regulate their takes a closer look at this tells you whether or not it's legal and if it is not legal that they might suspend your license to be a telecom operator in India so net neutrality is tied into the license agreement in order to be you telecommunications operator in India and if you think about me a and B which see I know that a few people from india watching the Sox thank you for giving them around come and this is why it is working in India and they really take mentality Sears which is also the right approach if you think about the damage that is done to the market to innovation to democracy if suddenly I speeds Start rocking of throttling or prioritizing only their own services so given the damage that can be caused by the taking the opening to that away from a society and it is only the the right approach to have the big stick here and not just a character that the idea would like
to explain that the Internet the that also to so that there has been a shift we we have word protections at that he's better protection in Europe than in the US particular comes 0 and it means that the telecom industry adopted its model you know you can they're like epochs child to debate originally was about blocking services you don't like that it was about throttling BitTorrent because you don't want to cut out in network native was about giving preferential treatment to pay for a specialized service to become zero-rated all of these things are hard to argue in Europe these days and that's why the telecom industry came up with the new model stream on an order from past at 2 very well-known examples that we have about 15 countries in Europe and I will explain here what exactly change and why we still have a problem with doors open class space you're reading office thank so Italy data works but easier than I speak you have a customer is money for the then the customer
dreams of a service that you she wants to use in this case it is but laugh at decentralized podcast hosting service which is be properly in Germany and so is that is allows podcast producers to reach revealed by audience without having to pay any hosting the it is really cold so there's the service because of that also pays for access and then you have the clout interconnection part but those 2 eyes bees exchange data and then yeah I'm everyone is happy the classic model of net
neutrality violation would be that the ISP wants to get money from the continent application provider from the class society as another money flow it gives preferential treatment ITER prioritize annotation away your data is faster or your data is cheaper because I don't deducted from the arbitrary volume gap that I force on my users and what you get here is basically a two-sided markets that I speak about the chance from both sides and get money this is a really old concept in telephony it owing to when you when I make a call with few than my operator pays your operator because he terminates the call it's called calling party natural place that's the way telecommunication companies have made most of their money for decades and now we have this old model more or less forced into the internet and DE for example college sending party network effects so again I and budgeting come I am Vodaphone I have a huge customer base I want to get money from both sides both from the users that I'm offering is service and from the application providers that wants to reach these customers in control I have dexes monopoly on both sides the it's still model and the new model is different products
like these there'll model of the being John program of T-Mobile US have been really widespread in Europe and we now also have other companies like kinds in Austria and they all follow the same approach and the new model is
different suddenly you no longer just by axes you get you tuple Netflix or death media tape i and are you pay for this particular service is to be zero-rated order just given for free it doesn't matter in that model this is a minor detail the really important thing here is those eyes speeds have competitors hopefully and and-a-half suddenly the customers to the side the shadows to I want to I want this type of axes of that type of access or which services to again certainly the product markets gets really complicated suddenly using the new cool so this is no longer a question of just signing up on the website exchanging data access product that you have certainly Internet is no longer a universal it connects to the whole globe and all of the innovative capacity that will be invented tomorrow you have a subscription it is with telecommunications company usually has a period of 2 years before you can enter contracts in most countries and you have achieved here in the way how edge-on users can vote with their feet and that of course makes it more complicated for users but to be big problem is when you reintroduced deprecation provider that take bit love again the bit of
wants to also be zero-rated that's say and so they would have to also be part of tears stream on or voter from past program which means they have to enter into a contract in that country in that language they have to continuously cooperate with the telecom company to have their data zero-rated did means to have it identifiable by did operator which is quite tricky to do in most cases and you have to give 30 day notice before the from Parsifal weeks of stream on before you make this change on your own service which by the drastic by interference on the but innovative capacity of any company and this is just you know and and finally also could be held liable for any wrongful rebuilt data volume which means as a small company or in this case is bit of as a community project and you face a lot of potential cost if you make a mistake and this just 1 0 rating program there's another 1 in Germany there around 25
mobile operators in Germany alone 25 contracts that you have to keep up with 25 people you have to modify every time you make a change of neurons service in Europe that would be roughly 3 thousand mobile operators that you would have to enter into contracts with almost no company can do that I'm at least
not their SME said we're talking about additions market and then what would happen is that your only choose the because i speeds with the hugest 2 D make deals with them and just forget the small ones and there we have the and Matthew effect you know those that already have accumulated a lot of market capital would have a much more easier to and reinforce their market position the but then of course if you are
really big a kid on the playground like Netflix you can just make 1 deal and then use your rated in all of your but they just can't do that the
and there is not a problem like this will not work with the big laugh because it love is a decentralized but Castile also it uses BitTorrent as an underlying technology it does not have a centralized service that it can rely on for distributing its content and these types of models only work with centralized services so you need to have a hot identification marker and you cannot rely on a ATP network it'll most of the things like the blocks and would not be possible to the series many nutritional achieves that don't have centralized hierarchies and not be part of this type of the Internet so we see a drastic change in we lose a lot of the innovative capacity and we might never see 2 services which are possible in the Internet of UF right now another note this huge
privacy problem that I would like to mention In order to be a service that is 0 you kind have to be identifiable photometric operator to you can rely on nights I am IP addresses that of a Fort numbers but in most cases you have your else or as a nice 17 identification certificates those 2 things are most widely used in order to identify service the but that means you know the
Internet is structured in layer the inspection
is in the red area that's all hands off limits for nice speedy should not look deeper into the packages and in the layers on the top 3 layers and this is also prohibited by the european mentality regulations and we're speaking about radio which are really high on the list your else layer 7 application layer end now comes the tricky part you have a bill from a telecom
company every month they have to data volume that you've used you know from telephony debt and if the wrongfully pilae bill you for a call that you have not made you have the right to dispute to spell and they have to store the data they have to do date of attention in order to be able to have this dispute resolution down now suddenly your else become and the same thing as the call us that the calls that you've made with your telephone so this could be data retention from the back door and is not just a moment neutrality aspect that we have to talk about having this level of deep down control in every into contract also means that the and that you might need a you might need leader legally be obliged to slice the the store every URL that a user has access and amount of data that was transferred at least without holes and this is not unthinkable like in Denmark they have data retention which is on a session bases sexually quite close to this already so and here the interests of the telecom industry on and off governments that want to surveil the citizens actually airline quite neatly and I think this is a ticking time bomb come about due to hold that neutrality in 0 8 and debate and I wanted to bring to your attention the early we have what should later today at
6 pm and lecture 3 but if you wanna get active in your own country and have us and make enforcement of immortality if you are a customer of stream on of order from past or any other net neutrality violating offer come to us and we might actually have some collaboration that we can do on and yet in general we need more people we are are
hiring and we also have many volunteer possibilities if you are a Python java developer we always Metallica lawyers from all EU member countries or economists and design is that developers campaigners and particularly the 1st Our from telecom companies and today this change points and of course regulatory authorities are always welcome thank you very much thank you
thank you Thomas we have time for 1 question so much for number 4 is what yes there are maybe we can both agree that the Internet has grown as large and the good does it this is due to the overall lack of government regulation it is work a speaking a wide you think now is the correct time to introduce a very far-reaching detailed government regulation of the Internet the as in the potential this will backfire amino talk about government bureaucrats the inspecting people's throughout the configurations basically republicans have made exactly the same point in the recent and found that I'm not republican and I believe you but the problem is the internet was born neutral and to quote Lawrence Lessig but we have more this just protecting the original waiting that was built and yes we need loss and some type of government regulation in order to enforce it but I just see no other way to market forces would inherently drive telecom companies to more profitable unfold all the users and we have to keep the Internet open and the democracy laws that the only way that we have in order to give limits to the market and also free market economy relies on the set the framework within which to mark it can happen and without this framework I think we have trouble capitalism and definitely no free and open Internet so again that or on the world laws model was mn if to was that
and and a and a B it and it kind is the
Arithmetisches Mittel
Telekommunikation
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Bit
Punkt
Minimierung
Mereologie
Unrundheit
Sprachsynthese
Wurzel <Mathematik>
Binder <Informatik>
Bitrate
Gesetz <Physik>
Resultante
Telekommunikation
Nichtlinearer Operator
Punkt
Datennetz
Reihe
Systemaufruf
Kartesische Koordinaten
Gibbs-Verteilung
Physikalisches System
Internetworking
Dienst <Informatik>
Einheit <Mathematik>
Gamecontroller
Telekommunikation
Facebook
Subtraktion
Bit
Punkt
Content <Internet>
Mathematisierung
Güte der Anpassung
Schaltnetz
Systemverwaltung
Schlussregel
Paarvergleich
Quellcode
Gesetz <Physik>
Internetworking
Flächeninhalt
Basisvektor
Mereologie
Regulator <Mathematik>
Autorisierung
Einfach zusammenhängender Raum
Nichtlinearer Operator
Eindeutigkeit
Implementierung
Ähnlichkeitsgeometrie
Schlussregel
Dienst <Informatik>
Kontextbezogenes System
Bitrate
Internetworking
Dienst <Informatik>
Flächeninhalt
Prozess <Informatik>
Softwareschwachstelle
Rechter Winkel
Mereologie
Regulator <Mathematik>
Autorisierung
Telekommunikation
Bit
Multiplikation
Ablöseblase
Zellularer Automat
Regulator <Mathematik>
Aggregatzustand
Array <Informatik>
Autorisierung
Quellcode
Statistik
Bit
Gesetz <Physik>
Softwaretest
Autorisierung
Internetworking
Kraftfahrzeugmechatroniker
Web Site
Krümmung
Freeware
Güte der Anpassung
Web Site
Sondierung
Gesetz <Physik>
Mechanismus-Design-Theorie
Internetworking
Quellcode
Softwaretest
Mittelwert
Rechter Winkel
Spieltheorie
Bitfehlerhäufigkeit
Messprozess
Information
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Einfügungsdämpfung
Bit
Extrempunkt
Dienst <Informatik>
Mathematische Logik
Internetworking
Videokonferenz
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Einheit <Mathematik>
Mittelwert
Datentyp
Regulator <Mathematik>
ART-Netz
Einflussgröße
Addition
Statistik
Datentyp
Datennetz
Content <Internet>
Design by Contract
Office-Paket
Entscheidungstheorie
System F
Dienst <Informatik>
Datenfeld
Flächeninhalt
Mereologie
Information
Bandmatrix
Datentyp
Kartesische Koordinaten
Dienst <Informatik>
Spezifisches Volumen
Bitrate
Zählen
Green-Funktion
Bitrate
Biprodukt
Quick-Sort
Gruppenoperation
Office-Paket
Chipkarte
Eins
Mereologie
Datentyp
Ablöseblase
Bandmatrix
Spezifisches Volumen
Regulator <Mathematik>
Streuungsdiagramm
Telekommunikation
Chipkarte
Datennetz
Polygonnetz
Zahlenbereich
E-Mail
Biprodukt
Bitrate
Chipkarte
Übergang
Internetworking
Videokonferenz
Simulation
Faserbündel
Regulator <Mathematik>
Wechselsprung
Web Site
Schlussregel
Dienst <Informatik>
Bitrate
Gesetz <Physik>
Aggregatzustand
Office-Paket
Videokonferenz
Telekommunikation
Nichtlinearer Operator
Gewichtete Summe
Bitrate
Biprodukt
Internetworking
Entscheidungstheorie
Task
Dienst <Informatik>
Druckverlauf
Rechter Winkel
Fächer <Mathematik>
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Verkehrsinformation
Regulator <Mathematik>
Internetworking
Telekommunikation
Datennetz
Klasse <Mathematik>
Klassische Physik
Raum-Zeit
Internetworking
Office-Paket
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Dienst <Informatik>
Informationsmodellierung
Offene Menge
Mereologie
Wort <Informatik>
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Lesen <Datenverarbeitung>
Verschiebungsoperator
Soundverarbeitung
Telekommunikation
Nichtlinearer Operator
Objektklasse
Datennetz
Natürliche Zahl
Datenmodell
PASS <Programm>
Systemaufruf
Kartesische Koordinaten
Biprodukt
Datenfluss
Service provider
Internetworking
Informationsmodellierung
XML
Gamecontroller
UML
Spezifisches Volumen
Optimierung
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Telekommunikation
Vektorpotenzial
Bit
Abstimmung <Frequenz>
Mathematisierung
Formale Sprache
n-Tupel
Service provider
Internetworking
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Informationsmodellierung
Design by Contract
Datentyp
Abschattung
Spezifisches Volumen
Optimierung
Nichtlinearer Operator
Pay-TV
Magnetbandlaufwerk
Kanalkapazität
Biprodukt
Bitrate
Frequenz
Design by Contract
Neue Medien
Dienst <Informatik>
Mereologie
Projektive Ebene
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Soundverarbeitung
Addition
Nichtlinearer Operator
Dienst <Informatik>
Ortsoperator
Design by Contract
Mobiles Internet
Mathematisierung
Datenmodell
Eins
Design by Contract
Datennetz
Content <Internet>
Systemidentifikation
Mathematisierung
Kanalkapazität
Hierarchische Struktur
Telekommunikation
Störungstheorie
p-Block
LOLA <Programm>
Internetworking
Service provider
Dienst <Informatik>
Informationsmodellierung
Datentyp
Mereologie
Nichtlinearer Operator
Schnittstelle
Datenmissbrauch
Digitales Zertifikat
App <Programm>
Systemidentifikation
Datenmodell
Zahlenbereich
Dienst <Informatik>
Netzadresse
Internetworking
Kombinatorische Gruppentheorie
Filetransferprotokoll
Dienst <Informatik>
Verschlingung
Datennetz
Protokoll <Datenverarbeitungssystem>
Telnet
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Telekommunikation
Schnittstelle
Momentenproblem
Sprachsynthese
Kartesische Koordinaten
Dienst <Informatik>
Übergang
Datennetz
Protokoll <Datenverarbeitungssystem>
Inverser Limes
Stützpunkt <Mathematik>
Spezifisches Volumen
Speicher <Informatik>
Regulator <Mathematik>
URL
Bildauflösung
Systemaufruf
Mailing-Liste
Design by Contract
UDP <Protokoll>
Flächeninhalt
Rechter Winkel
Verschlingung
Mereologie
Gamecontroller
URL
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Autorisierung
Telekommunikation
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Softwareentwickler
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Digitalsignal
Punkt
Applet
Mathematisierung
Elektronischer Fingerabdruck
Telekommunikation
Softwareentwickler
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Telekommunikation
Explosion <Stochastik>
Vektorpotenzial
Einfügungsdämpfung
Punkt
Freeware
Zahlenbereich
Gesetz <Physik>
Framework <Informatik>
Internetworking
Quellcode
Informationsmodellierung
Digitalsignal
Forcing
Offene Menge
Datentyp
Rechenschieber
Inverser Limes
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Konfigurationsraum
Beobachtungsstudie
Regulator <Mathematik>
Implementierung
Medianwert
Systemprogrammierung
Neue Medien

Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Net Neutraliy Enforcement in the EU
Serientitel 34th Chaos Communication Congress
Autor Lohninger, Thomas
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung 4.0 International:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen.
DOI 10.5446/34873
Herausgeber Chaos Computer Club e.V.
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract After four years of advocacy and lobbying to enshrine net neutrality principles in law in Europe, we can now examine the first full year of enforcement of the new rules. We will compare the enforcment of net neutrality in the individual EU member states, showcase a few of the more creative net neutrality violations and demonstrate what civil society can do to keep the Internet neutral. Enforcing net neutrality also requires network measurement tools that can detect discrimination; we will discuss what progress Europe has made in this regard.
Schlagwörter Ethics, Society & Politics

Zugehöriges Material

Video wird in der folgenden Ressource zitiert

Ähnliche Filme

Loading...
Feedback