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Humans as software extensions

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2 and the the
the the a and the effect it Aaron yeah please give a warm welcome to the back again if i and thank you for the introduction thank you all so much for having me so what am I going about what's tonight it will course being answers talk a bit about some art projects but mostly I will speak about the research I do as part of my practice specifically about humans as softer extensions and toss the end so we'll yeah share some thoughts on why being human suffers tension could actually be something maybe in a positive but bring some new possibilities so we tried to and the talk on a positive note term in
2 thousand 8 the science fiction movie sleep dealer speculated about a future
which couldn't be more timely the border
between Mexico and the U. S. has been
closed their full immigrant workers in the US has been replaced by robots however the robots are remotely
controlled by people in Mexico with their bodies plucked directly into the network and then to use a laser in
2 thousand and 10 C 0 off CrowdFlower which is a crowdsourcing and cloud work platform look you Walter speaks of a similar situation before the internet it would be really difficult to find someone sit them down for 10 minutes and get them to work for you and then fire them after those 10 minutes but with technology you can actually find them pay them the tiny amount of money and then get rid of them when you don't need them anymore b was remarks however are not science fiction instead they describe a contemporary so Newman's
as soffit extensions what is this condition I would sell arise and as people extending computational systems by offering their bodies their senses and their cognition and specifically bodies and minds that can be easily plugged in and later easily be discarded so bodies and minds algorithmically mentioned under the permanent fresh off constant availability efficiency and perpetual self optimization so as such humans
as softer extensions are both the foundation and the results of a megastructure which Benjamin and calls the stack it's a computation totality of planetary scale so somehow we can imagine it as a planetary scale computer consisting of a stack of layers from rare earth minerals 2 data centers 2 pots and people which in this model are exactly the same so in this
computation totality even the smallest nodes can be addressed and can be programmed but the state also
describes is a new geography so Google Maps defining borders for s just seen in sleep Keeler the U. S. filling a wall while still being able to apply right into the bodies of Mexican workers the but to be
clear from my point from my point of
view the model of planetary scale
computation as a totality
is as much a reality as it is also i j agentic fantasy and
ideology of power optimization
and efficiency so this is the state of satisfying cost right now at least from the
perspective of forward so I would now
like to give some examples of about what I mean by humans as suffer extensions and what effects these like this way of managing digital labor has
um 3 years ago I worked on a piece in which I explored digital colonialism and among other things I explored rules and Facebook's attempts to integrate into their services those 2 3rd of the world population or not online yet as you all know what Google wants to use balloons Facebook ones to use drones and they want to have them a circle of these areas that do not have any interconnection basically sucking that which is below up into the network so the piece of which you see a little bit here is called how to peel off line of whatever and consists of a mix of solid material like videos images and questions and there's also a of stories written by people from Silicon Valley is relying coenzyme which are all
locations of importance to this piece and so in order to
get in contact with people in Sri Lanka I and I'm using the odds forcing platform of work which offers a highly efficient interface for hiring freelance from all around the world on the
platform you can sort freelancers by prize skills rating and then you can pick whatever you think fits the chopped best and their use experience
off hire and fire is a well-crafted source source for extensions that can be plugged in and moved again easily it doesn't matter where they are who they are as long as they get it done the
once the freelances in Sri Lanka got to work I noticed that it was the only a you will but also encouraged to spy on them Our work recalls every keystroke and regularly takes screenshots why freelances work building a growing diary of their activity so I found myself in a situation in which I was only being surveyed by corporations or states I was also doing the same myself managing my extensions spying on them in order to monitor their performance so this is not then like operations or stays spying on us us protecting ourselves against them through encryption this is
all of us fighting for a place in the network trying to be valuable nodes so this is me and 1 of the freelancers which is a very lovely lady I got to meet in Sri Lanka later so if you look at this
historically and if you go back just 15
maybe 20 years outsourcing by the internet was a practice that could only be
employed by big IT companies mostly from the U. S. to India
today it is cheap and easy and it can be done by anybody a new
service by amazon called on some
key illustrates this rather new
situation perfectly but I'm some
key you can remotely grant access to apartment while you're not at home the
using the Amazon key camera locks
and at you can spy on the otherwise
completely invisible workers from your smartphone so this is the block remotely
unlocked so here outsourcing
doesn't generate free time instead of this born of necessity it is
marketed as making possible the
transformation and liberation
from being managed to also being able to manage others and in
this case you're able to deal with them like without ever having to meet them in person but
not everybody in the body can but has to and actually cost wants to we
all want to use people as
softer extensions and with that comes also but we have to remotely track
and rate their performance the so let's
recap factory workers or extending machines with the bodies freelances has escaped the factory but have to offer themselves as flexible extensions to the modern the assembly line for example like we just saw on on my work so now micro entrepreneurs have to invent their own shops offering their creativity in the form of that the packages that called peaks you can buy such gigs at a
fixed price on platforms like fiber for those who do not know
fiber initially each each Gigo fly over was priced at exactly 5 style of which the platform kept 1 dollar so some months ago I found a
way to directly access all videos uploaded to the platform in real time Italy every single video that people and fiber up producing for their clients the so through this crack in the surface or also quality security problem or a privacy issue they have I could look at delete stream of videos and did this for days and weeks and months and I downloaded videos worth of like more than 100 gigabyte and I was looking for some patterns to understand this marketplace so to
to give you some ideas about what I saw there on the platform it is dog eat dog be the best the cheapest the most creative the most efficient speech like a proper for for extension never sleep at work all the time
at the same time everybody is also fighting against the platforms algorithms and keen interfaces that highest hide most big workers on page 2 3 4 and so on the as many kicks off
unrealistically short delivery
times for creative work becomes clear that they themselves use boards generators and
templates creative work and creating yet another layer of man-machine complexity so
using automation in order to not be replaced by automation the
biggest selling point seems to be the low-cost coupled with a truly
natural interface a human being In contrast there is another
group of people consciously offering their bodies often as carriers of messages like so here's the fantasy of the universal addressability and availability of all nodes manifests itself in the distant and often exotic body that acts as a screen the
this goes hand in hand with the peaks offering personalized on or erotic videos and fetish videos so e 0 at
sunrise being a softer extension on a hypercompetitive platform forces and demand something that I will call survival creativity that means coming up with whatever it takes to survive in a competitive environment
and as a reminder phylum might be an extreme example but it exemplifies the development that has become a reality for many already and it's not like it's them and us we all all humans extensions so far I've managed to talk
about suffer without mentioning Artificial intelligence even once that's nice I think instead of drawn this the picture of the course the totality of work and exploitation however automation and artificial intelligence supposedly imply a future without work right the the previous
example platforms software artificial-intelligence acted as scientific management that Taylorist boss algorithmically distributing and modulating the human workers as softer extensions now
1 great post-work ideas to not only automated the management of working bodies and minds but instead to completely remain is replaced all human nodes with AI as well but I think this is an excellent foundation for discussing our society's obsession with work I would also argue this hypothesis is as appealing as it is flawed unfortunately so my
observation is this AI artificial intelligence it's an appropriation and a possible extrapolation of existing knowledge and skills yes and as such it might as well do our off but it is 1st and foremost used as a scheme to fragment work into tasks that can be done anywhere 24 7 and to make this labor invisible what we see here is a piece called segmentation network which I made last year it place take over 600 thousand segmentations manually created by mechanical crowd workers that Mechanical Turk crowd-workers for Microsoft's Cocle image recognition dataset these so-called segmentations are based on photos we have uploaded to flicker and they're used in machine learning training AI what it can see and what not not do so you can automate as much as you want but at some point you have to train an especially maintain the machines and the software the so would
say the creates yet another layer of badly or unpaid care and maintenance work which is often invisible on purpose the there was say
this needs to change I think feminist theory and practices have a lot has a lot to say about this issue but that's another talk and I would like to hear it so here is
a point in case and it may be a solution at the end of 2011 while still being students and sharing a studio Sevilla restoring Trent an artist the and mean we started to take a screenshot of every single capture that we had to solve while navigating the web so over the years proving that we're human time and time again we captured hundreds of captures the this year
we thought about how to make this little thing produced by bit things the collection of these things into something which is as valuable in as expensive as possible and so we published the complete collection as a series of 5 and leporello book so each of these books this 1 year
and if you if you expand all these leporello as they have a total length of 90 meters chronicling chronicling 5 years of my labor as well as the history of captures so if you look at it captures started as a technique to merely prevent spam and then they move when a
morphed into a method for deciphering Hollis numbers and transcribing books and then lately
it's become a means of teaching image recognition to AI software
while we were and collecting these captures Gabriela Rojas for sonorant 2015 filed a class action lawsuit against Google and she claimed that grew operates a highly profitable transcription business builds upon free labor which is deceptively and unfairly obtained from unwitting website users unfortunately her claims
were rejected so here the the charge states that it's like you spend only a few seconds on this a kind not be expected to pay for such a small chop so however her attempt to sue was and still is a success I would say because it led to the proof that Google has perfected the magical process in which work is transformed into literally nothing so welcome post-work society does this magical trick works it's rather
simple you take a child that's a transcribing books and you fragmented and you fragmented more and more and more until somebody in the chopper is semantically done without anyone having worked on it because if nobody has to get Payton nobody had to work either right hence that such a statement is proved that this match matching actually works this better in the and Google still ends up being paid even though they have just made the chop disappear magically so what I want to
suggest now is to seize the means of magic what about this fragmenting those platforms that algorithmically manage us to century the degree that they simply do not exist anymore magically the child will still be done and in the end we get the money I guess in ICA less magical version we could call this platform cooperativism if you to knowledge belief in magic then I have 2 more suggestions about what we saw for extensions can do so I will show you 2 clips
from my latest that piece which is called I would say whatever you want in front of a pizza you can see the full version online on this website or there's gonna be something there's going be a screening somewhere here and then the video and we will show it to bits you know it's a 12 minute video untrustworthy into bits doesn't make too much sense still a thing the show a point I want to make a pretty nicely so the videos narrated from the perspective of a cloud worker and misses the protagonist I'm not sure the
keys and i have so instead I was working for a pizza delivery company and world right in your next to meeting the delivery the scheduled for saturdays agreed 22 12 PM to confirm yes to decline text not text how the hell of it you don't need the land only hot it's only with the standard please confirm what decline then in and I don't need to use the bank check so in the automated system is set up this is a real constant new 1 make minimum wage please tell me if you want think a whole that the so that's
a promise to give you some background in 2016 trumps the team hired a Singaporean teenager through fiber which is the platform I talked about before and they hired her to convert a polar point into a pricey which is the software and using for the video basic he outsourcing that make America great again campaign which is it's a true story so at some point in the video the
protagonists who is now working only as a pizza delivery bought but also as a cloud worker on Amazon's Mechanical Turk platform preparing datasets for K I at some point he gets to know the Singaporean teenager as a fellow worker and she's got an idea uh
1 2 it was found that trade started by how old is she talked about the political implications will lead to be more kind of things we could be due to a a a a a you 0 of course we on the computer to create the dataset it was not to see how to many of us actually work on the right and left in the sanctity of understanding of the issues that we can't let me know if any of you can based on the use of the internet is such a thing that I recommend that the can like take the mind that's high-contrast all the uh pursue quantity and that's all you have to know how to do that we need to change with very cost me and so on and so on so uh machines the 1st time you know the future who uh we started to discuss to organize it into experiment of course we we this just for fun like easter X did we share political agenda in case the 0 otherwise you would well arrive at we're out of the world of all in teaching you to identify children and a British singer Christmas landing so the proof of concept the OK so the idea is to this when we are extending software with our bodies and minds also extending our reach into the software and reaching into the offer being part of the software we can start to manipulate the systems that govern ions and that we have to use to govern understand once plot then we can manipulate data and we can create new and we and slow and inefficient warfare from within that can be fun like leaving easter eggs for others to find realizing yes there are actual people inside these systems yeah which brings me to
my 3rd and last false while being a suffers tension also has some chances are possibilities will end the talk I talk about Marx talk about which will make me look like a fool anyway being a suffer extension can also offer a new esthetic and a new way of being and I think this video which could be called the
father of all stupid them once illustrates this in a rather interesting way here for whatever reason soc a blog is demonstrating Facebook's virtuality by visiting Puerto
Rico in the wake of Hurricane Maria the so why do I show this video contrary to what he had intended Zuckerberg as a crudely abstracted version of himself turned into a softer extension
detaches and dissociates himself from the real world this is what I like because I think and you will agree
with me software is not
perfect it's full of boxes Mason
unexpected and we didn't glitchy ways do stupid things
often and like often over over
again in an infinite loop therefore
embracing the weird an abstract is static of the of the human for extension could actually allow us to to detach ourselves from circumstances under which we are required to be our best work themselves all the time so being like available all the time addressable programmable to update ourselves all the time you could use that being a soft for extension this study of the esophagus tension as a mask behind which you can hide pretending to be a bot that's you think you have
to do something in the future look at is what will blood bread and about 5 minutes full of measured JJ otherwise you said you have a Twitter account then the Deacon those needs wisdom makes the to the states loudly questions may refer through the signal and don't 1 OK then does another round of a blouse will but didn't have a few was what it is that
you and the the and the way if if at the kth at
Soundverarbeitung
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Bit
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Facebook
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Humans as software extensions
Untertitel Will You Be My Plugin?
Serientitel 34th Chaos Communication Congress
Autor Schmieg, Sebastian
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung 4.0 International:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen.
DOI 10.5446/34859
Herausgeber Chaos Computer Club e.V.
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract While technology is often described as an extension of our bodies, this talk will explore a reversed relationship: Bodies and minds of digital laborers (you and me and basically everybody else) as software extensions that can be easily plugged in, rewired, and discarded. I will approach this topic from an artist's point of view.
Schlagwörter Art & Culture

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