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the and the the the few given a wall welcome to spare von pining I'm as the 1st part of the double feature of yeah so yeah plant because this it is a double veto I get asked to please don't walk around wisest altered mittees watch all the tools serious and enjoy it so let's start with the 1st part to my riot it's Stefan tiny guy you all in all I am from the site but in a podcast salt given where come and stop with the show so at they graduated master distiller from uh Institute for a fermentation technology Berlin I am also the 5th uh distiller of our family companies there's still so please don't this all commercial uncle produces because that's how I do my living end and we're gonna talk today about the well of production uh boost production high high strength quality production that is and and this thing is only 1 way of producing hardly care let me show you the other 3
types the 1st Wives partly cures that Cuomo the cures are basically not distilled they use that already made neutral grain spirits that come from large the large article refineries that are usually not distilled and it's perfectly legal to make the user on just by yourself somewhat current flavor that's what with whatever used fancy I've got a nice monthly cure recipe for you later on them so we have non distilled spirits most of the molecule so much in somewhat color and we have the field of distilled spirits most genes are just 2 of the most book are distilled their basis is always neutral grain spirits so spirits made from grain they'll flavored they distilled and the distillation itself here in Germany is legal but you have to register and license you're still and then we have the 3rd part then the most while the most true to the fruit part of that is where we do not actually by pre produced neutral grain spirits but we make the I'll call ourselves a liar fermentation with you so we produce the alcohol by fermentation ourselves we distance ourselves but we need a license for that otherwise it's illegal but on the other hand of course the right 1 is the most fun to do of so
how do we actually produce alkyl but I'll call is usually or always produced by taking sugar sugar as the basis of the fuel for our biochemical reaction we want to achieve and our little tiny help us the yeast these cells some kind of fungus they break down the sugar and they transform it into alcohol by by our colleague fermentation this you know all from future history or biological biology classes and how do you make of what we
need this sugar this sugar somehow convert toggle whether we get this you go from the traditional German making fruit spirits and fruit spirits have the advantage that the match that is basically the uh the stuff with the yeast makes the article from already contained sugar so sugar is what we need usually it's of fruit juice or a smoothly from Apple's peers plums cherries you name it so we make fruit juice or smoothing out of it why because use works best in a liquid environment and also some other uh process mesh is easier to ponder and easier to measure and the that you have to always take into consideration that use the best routes available only the best routes give you the best uh taste and sent and there are 2 at supermarket quality fruit is not necessarily the best best is usually baby food great but they're too great of fruits you can't buy in the supermarket steadily so so much about the quality of our food in our supermarkets but then if you prepare such a match you take the take the fruits you make a smoothing out of it with the blender or oppressive to choose and then you check your acidity because yeast works best and acidity of th 3 to 3 . 4 the other reason is that in such an acidic environment bacteria that might consume our sugar and do not admit fermented into alcohol doesn't it is not active anymore OK if we have a higher pH we use just the citric acid of food food-grade acids to lower the acidity of the match and then we take designated distylous use that has some properties that we need for the fermentation for example this used uh performance up to a very high or low quality content usually about 10 % you normal baker's yeast would stop at 4 or 5 per cent of all and then we have this form
and so we take our prepared mesh out of the of the true of the smoothing maker and we to put it in fermentation tanks fermentation tanks is basically stainless steel plastics whatever it's just the bucket basically than you at used to this pockets of fermented spirits you try to control the temperature the used always has an optimal temperature that it works best so usually it's 15 to 22 degrees sometimes in late August when you've got your fruits just in harvest times it's due to warm so you need not used that is more active at let's say 25 to 27 degrees then you need an eloquence fermentation because the fermentation generates you to sue tool and a lot of and this needs to get out oxygen should not get into the because then begin another type of fermentation that doesn't produce call so we need an analog and despair lot lets the common set it out but no uh oxygen back again so you check your a lot then you double check your a lot because every distillate that says that his fermentation tank didn't blow up on him once or twice is a liar this happens all the time and then we from and this match for about 2 weeks so we have the smooth we add these these does its work and then we have this movie that contains around 10 per cent alcohol after 2 weeks the bubbles is the CEO 2 that as evaporating and if we don't have any more bubbles so then our fermentation is complete and then we tried to distill it as soon as possible after fermentation because of fully fermented mash is not getting better with time and then we come to the party but for example a small fermentation
tank we see here is just 10 leaders we have this tiny analog where this you too can bubble out by this uh water water filling but no oxygen can go back and so this is something you basically can do it everywhere at home and if you got this fermented match we come to the
distillation dissertation it's others just a physical process of physical means of separation of liquids and solids and of concentrating alcohol in that matter or the taste and sent because the boiling point of alcohol is lower than the boiling point of water or uh dishonest it also if we heat up this match the alkyl will start evaporating sooner than the water and so we should mention this to we heated up and as soon as the still gives around 70 degrees centigrade the alcoholic uh the alkyl starts to evaporate rising with its the molecules that make up the center of the spirit that we want to distill so it's basically essential was all of existence some tones but yeah the stuff that evaporates and then we call it down again at the condenser so the alkalic vapor that which is produced by heating is going to the condenser then cooled down so it liquefies again and goes from basically we have our distilled spirits the the then we can cut off the heads and tails and parts this is basically 3 parts of this today but we get the head part of the earliest uh evaporating policies or short alcohols that are the heights that we do not want for example methanol is among them those are slightly toxic at just say they're not actually that toxic that's that's bad for your health and the test like like like solvent and the taste of the tales they start to smell and taste like like seller follow follow flavor so we don't want those flavors in our spirit so we cut it into pets parts entails those hearts those fine taste figure at fine tasting alcoholic part we keep we collect and then we readers to these ones to get even to getting rid of even more of the head and the tail parts that might still be in the 1st part part so this is the
laboratory still this still you could buy online shop in any laboratory device Schulz 500 ml it is still legal legally could do this at home until the day after tomorrow or then those OK than those get for so you can't buy them anymore so if you do want to have fun go to the local the target of laboratory the deal the uh American quickly demonstrate how this works so we've got the heater here this is the 1st gusts of going up here we've got our mesh inside the alcohol evaporates goes up goes into the condenser the condenser close it down and the distillate connect comes out here again the it just another
quick schematics but the same principle and this is just stuff that you could basically by almost everywhere will laboratory equipment is sold as set until the day after tomorrow from 2008 in all all hold stills in Germany will be illegal so you can buy 1 in the next 3 days and you can still use it in 2018 but can't buy anymore them from 1st of 10 on the 2nd of january so we have 1 exception you can buy stills of up to 2 liters of size if there are only used for the production of essential oils or distillation of water but the basic physical principles that the if it was in don't buy this stuff online and don't buy it anywhere where someone will register your address because that's what legally obliged to be obliged to do any vendor of distilled has to register your name and address by the tax office which gives us back to the hacking aspects we're gonna see later on about building cells which is totally illegal by the way don't do that but there's 1 exception and this have to say we leaving out the part of the home distilling of unfortunately we have to go see my pro if want to continue distilling uh brandies going go
craft distilling craft sitting on the other hand it is far more easy to do from 2018 1 than it used to be until both the day after tomorrow a lot of things change our precious but on French for it's is basically gone out of business because of the you thanks Brussels not we get a new I quashed argues it's and of course tags that's actually quite nice for profits to us because if you fulfill the requirements that this law states you were legally obliged to get this distillation license until now you can apply for 1 but if you don't go if you don't go 1 of those run by and had a kid but in that it is so this is this longer the right to distill at the moment while you can start from 2008 in on you must get 1 if you apply for 1 and if you fulfill the requirements this is called up the norms but mn because it's basically uh you compensate the state for the text of the article that you gonna produce until now the optimum spending is only in some parts of Germany so the variable upon the body parts of so not in the north known in East the background is that the but now you can do it in the whole of Germany so everywhere where yard we can apply for up to nodes but in the nation background is if you're a farmer or even a part-time farmer the state allows you to still this amount of local the this
is the usual craft still this hours it's from the seventies it's not very high tech but it gets the short bond and you can buy or build something comparable to this this of the size of about 150 leaders there in the future this size and uh the quantity of this distance is no longer regulated so you can basically by any still affinity sites that you want from
2018 on so this option norms but and I've the allows you to produce 300 litres of pure alcohol per year that doesn't sound much but actually it is because it's liters pure alcohol School of us comes consumes the puerile cold water it down and we sell it in tiny water so if you divided by 0 . for the 4 a 40 per cent for the for the brain is and by point 5 because we only have half a liter bottles that we did 1500 portals per year allowance if to drink that where you have to sell them and then is even another thing we get allotment so we could produce 900 litres in 1 year if we then don't produce any more in the 2 following years there's only 1 uh small cut you can only make fruit or grain spirit no masters so no run and no I'm sorry but as said you need to be a farmer apart and former but that's actually not so hard you need 3 hectares of regulatory orchards or you need 1 . 5 hectares of intensively farmed group or charts this is the 1 thing that maybe you will hold back most of you guys thinking about opening often and the minute I but this is tiny way around it she told you can rent or lease it and you can readily use at any time in the next 10 years and you have only to show it once the customs and when the custom guidance has checked Europe your mark that you owned or rented or leased menu good to go forever so there's gonna be some some areas of the factors that are going to be at least for 365 days per year to 365 guys yeah the other exceptions it has to be a mixture of trees or intensely from true trees felt that's also cheat code because this 1 fruit or 1 ball that you can roll
that is allowed and that you don't see and that his military that you to plant and wait for 5 years or so this is the Jerusalem artichoke or something and work very well known in but the deck this 1 can be planted anywhere and you can just you know rent any area of just 3 hectares like like Crossland like like forest like a jungle and you say tomorrow I'm going up on some Jerusalem artichoke and the 2nd has to say of course you do and you
have then we have another requirements and this might be a bit tricky for some of us work for some of you because I have an open and this you have a keen sheet and fixation so you cheated on a Texas once you're not gonna get governance but in the future the next this you have to have an economic interest in producing well but this is just this is just so what we see a paper tiger because if I have an economic interest of a given on the support of liquor men might economic interests fulfilled so this is not a requirement the se as in the taxation right this 1 liter of pure alcohol that you gonna produce you have to pay the state a tax for it in this text is reduced uh 1 of 10 euros 22 cents per liter pure alcohol also if if fearing 100 litres pure alcohol you know how much tax you gonna pay for it but and I'm just as an example a home much of apples pears or plums so you're gonna need um there's a list of this hours for it is it's it's also calculated result from certain uh mesh and for apples we have 3 . 6 liters of pure roll call for 100 litres of upper left so you can calculate how many apples you have to buy or have to use if you want to get your 300 litres
then this is maybe this is maybe not the best for you Privacy Aware guys out there because if you own this still and if you've got the uh license abstinence expand I and the federal customs agents are allowed to check is still every day every nite whenever they choose it the next is the food inspectors have the right to check your so but have their only common business hours so that's a bit better and then you need to enter Professionals association called proofs can often just you know for the farming industry or the for the food service industry because if you blow yourself up while operating is still then you're at least intro which brings us to the safety
issues of operating a still because the world's action accidents happen and they happen all the time usually once or twice a year a person in southern Germany blows him or herself up because he or didn't check the safety regulations in the most important thing about running a still is knowing that alcoholic paper is by itself explosive flow great if not might but it is dangerous so you always have to check that you don't have a huge amount of all call vapor just running around so the legal still will be checked by the technique controllable by the 2 for the call by the scandals and shaft and by customs agents for different reasons but they're all gonna take you still until you get your license to produce the and the 1st and foremost safety mechanism is build something that controls or that checks if you cooler is actually running here we have a cooler and the school as we said before convinces the alkalic vapor back to liquids if it's not working you don't get a liquid forget the vapor strike straight of of the whole the waiver of alcohol is heavier than air so it goes down on the surface and then you just need some 19 spark and you get blown up so the most important thing that the Buddhist notion shaft and the this is gonna check you have any reason to check if you condenser is working or not 2nd of all you have a good ventilation this is usually about but just having it on the ground floor and opening the door and there and natural ventilation if there are alcoholic papers uh the rising but the existing they're just diffuse outside India and fresh air and this this danger is that then compensated and the 3rd is use electrical equipment within 1 meter of still mature it's according to the attacks of the entire explosive for whatever uh acidification usually that's made uh usually we do this by using only the compressed air wealth for example because compressed air does not ignite any sports and so we don't we don't have the the danger of exploding but so so much for safety and now about economics because it is
a set part time former now and this doesn't come for free if you buy new still by 1 of the established German coppersmiths this still will cost between 25 and 45 thousand euros unit to sell a lot of those 1500 portals for you to get this back the tentative is caused by and you have by you still pose are a lot cheaper you can get them refurbished like many books so they are actually checked again by the by the producer and the does is a really really good alternative you can also buy and forests I would recommend that's it that the teachers the what could build on itself but this done through these US vitamin trans those that you see in the China forms of so the 1 like this where and inferences curve is telling you about later on the energy costs if you heat up a still offer 150 litres and if you do this 5 or 6 times a day as a can have about 100 euros of energy consumption uh 1 and euros you need to get into energy consumption per 100 to still per day which equals around 15 euros per 100 meter mashed texts is around 40 euros of article text per 100 lead to mesh and if you calculate all this together and divided by 1 thousand 500 bottles and then take it about 8 years old what you what you say about this is usual uh usual investment calculation time then you will need to charge at least 20 euros for portal for the liquor from options that invited to reach the break-even so I see a lot of uh of farmers market spirits that cell the pose for about 10 12 14 euros there's a saying analysis in in this uh distillers as circles if you do this you could also just you know take a five-year amount and but it on the head of the bottle because you cutting euro throughout the so if you want to start the optimum when
I have the 1st content and this is something that's fun for ages and now you can do that too check the online resources at the Customs office but I have to admit some pages at the Customs office according to the old law some already to the new law so maybe check again in a couple of months or just call the customs agents I mean it's their job to help to doing this they don't want to hinder you may want to help you but don't try to screw them over those of people there's of professionals that are doing their job if you call them and if you meet with them then they're gonna be happy to help you the then check the details on what do you want to build or to buy always recording and in coordination with the customs agents or with the uh our guys at the bit of skin often shaft the Professionals Association and then it can basically applied for this optimum but and if there is a set if you fulfill the regulations they have to give you this license then as a said that was often shaft a way to talk the and then you might check in with the local farmers club or organic farmers club or for example the University of 1 and has really good distylous classes because it's 1 thing of reading something the book it's something totally different to actually take part in a course such a course at APEC another 3 4 100 euros but it's money well spent because if you win a batch of 1 thousand kilos of apples that's going to be more expensive yeah and
this is that the the end of my talk is the mounted you receive that they wanted to show you because if you don't wanna applied for option of Spanish and although it can be done it is quite a hassle it is easier just to aromatize uh using uh neutral grain spirits so here's the recipe you take Ikaros through to take some coriander seeds some oddity leaves you tell take galangal roots Simpson among some parliament just and mix it with 200 milliliters of 50 % what God let it snow let it that it just stand for 10 days filtered through key field them and you have a martyred Lee cure master rate and this red is basically concentrate you make it secure out of and then indeed it again with 1 . 4 liters of what kind of a leader of water 500 terms of sugar makes maybe uh filtered again through the Chief Elder and then you have your delicious Martinique Europe and this as the the
end of my talk so thanks a lot for you thank you thank you said that henceforth fund planning of all this novel features and the what to do and
you and you use and in the end if you the KKT could you look it to it
Mereologie
Familie <Mathematik>
Delisches Problem
Biprodukt
Kern <Mathematik>
Klasse <Mathematik>
Zellularer Automat
Systemaufruf
Datenfeld
Rechter Winkel
Zellularer Automat
Typentheorie
Mereologie
Basisvektor
Datentyp
Kantenfärbung
Folientastatur
Hilfesystem
Prozess <Physik>
Matching <Graphentheorie>
Kategorie <Mathematik>
Atomarität <Informatik>
Flüssiger Zustand
Systemaufruf
Peer-to-Peer-Netz
Routing
Programmierumgebung
Atomarität <Informatik>
Bildschirmmaske
Minimalgrad
Menge
Datentyp
Polygonnetz
Glättung
Inhalt <Mathematik>
Normalvektor
Programmierumgebung
Analogieschluss
Trennungsaxiom
Stereometrie
Punkt
Prozess <Physik>
Matching <Graphentheorie>
Kondensation <Mathematik>
Wasserdampftafel
Physikalismus
Ablöseblase
Flüssiger Zustand
Eins
Dampf
Arithmetisches Mittel
Minimalgrad
Existenzsatz
Mereologie
Dampf
Figurierte Zahl
Steuerwerk
Analogieschluss
Schreib-Lese-Kopf
Ausnahmebehandlung
Kondensation <Mathematik>
Wasserdampftafel
Adressraum
Mereologie
Zellularer Automat
Ausnahmebehandlung
Polygonnetz
Biprodukt
Hacker
Office-Paket
Web Site
Momentenproblem
Rechter Winkel
Mereologie
Abstand
Normalvektor
Gesetz <Physik>
Aggregatzustand
Wald <Graphentheorie>
Punkt
Wasserdampftafel
Güte der Anpassung
Gruppenkeim
Mixed Reality
Ausnahmebehandlung
Zusammengesetzte Verteilung
Code
Teilbarkeit
Konfiguration <Informatik>
Zusammengesetzte Verteilung
Netzwerktopologie
Portal <Internet>
Flächeninhalt
Code
Biprodukt
Normalvektor
Schnitt <Graphentheorie>
Assoziativgesetz
Nichtlinearer Operator
Datenmissbrauch
Systemaufruf
Mailing-Liste
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Assoziativgesetz
Dienst <Informatik>
Rechter Winkel
Beweistheorie
Polygonnetz
Gleitendes Mittel
Bitrate
Aggregatzustand
Subtraktion
Kontrollstruktur
Inferenz <Künstliche Intelligenz>
Gruppenoperation
Zellularer Automat
Gradient
Bildschirmmaske
Einheit <Mathematik>
Flächentheorie
Meter
Äußere Algebra eines Moduls
Diffusor
Kurvenanpassung
Regulator <Mathematik>
Schreib-Lese-Kopf
Kraftfahrzeugmechatroniker
Kreisfläche
Wald <Graphentheorie>
Gebäude <Mathematik>
Systemaufruf
Flüssiger Zustand
Rechnen
Mechanismus-Design-Theorie
Konfiguration <Informatik>
Dampf
Energiedichte
Funktion <Mathematik>
Whiteboard
Menge
Portal <Internet>
Mereologie
Energiedichte
Gamecontroller
Dampf
Stellenring
Bit
Wasserdampftafel
Klasse <Mathematik>
Güte der Anpassung
Stellenring
Digitalfilter
Bitrate
Term
Gesetz <Physik>
Systemaufruf
Office-Paket
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Datenfeld
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Wurzel <Mathematik>
Prozess <Informatik>
Grundsätze ordnungsmäßiger Datenverarbeitung
Mereologie
Wurzel <Mathematik>
Inhalt <Mathematik>
Stapelverarbeitung
Organic Computing
Regulator <Mathematik>
Koordinaten
Hypermedia
Medianwert
Systemprogrammierung
Automatische Handlungsplanung

Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Home Distilling
Untertitel Theory and practice of moonshining and legal distilling
Serientitel 34th Chaos Communication Congress
Autor Penninger, Stefan
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung 4.0 International:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen.
DOI 10.5446/34789
Herausgeber Chaos Computer Club e.V.
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract This talk covers the theory, legality and economics of home distilling. We present the theoretical background of mashing, fermenting and distilling alcohol as well as the legal framework for home distilling in Germany from 2018 on.
Schlagwörter Hardware & Making

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