Basic concepts, Evaluation procedures (07.04.11)

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Basic concepts, Evaluation procedures (07.04.11)
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10.5446/347 (DOI)
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Technische Universität Braunschweig
Institut für Informationssysteme
Balke, Wolf-Tilo
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In this course, we examine the aspects regarding building multimedia database systems and give an insight into the used techniques. The course deals with content-specific retrieval of multimedia data. Basic issue is the efficient storage and subsequent retrieval of multimedia documents. The general structure of the course is: - Basic characteristics of multimedia databases - Evaluation of retrieval effectiveness, Precision-Recall Analysis - Semantic content of image-content search - Image representation, low-level and high-level features - Texture features, random-field models - Audio formats, sampling, metadata - Thematic search within music tracks - Query formulation in music databases - Media representation for video - Frame / Shot Detection, Event Detection - Video segmentation and video summarization - Video Indexing, MPEG-7 - Extraction of low-and high-level features -Integration of features and efficient similarity comparison - Indexing over inverted file index, indexing Gemini, R *- trees
Web page Point (geometry) Observational study Connectivity (graph theory) Motion capture Streaming media Mereology Rule of inference Number Optical disc drive Hypermedia Term (mathematics) Multimedia Information Monster group Rule of inference MIDI Programming paradigm Algorithm Point (geometry) Content (media) Database Control flow Cartesian coordinate system System call Computer animation Software Personal digital assistant Information retrieval Universe (mathematics) Multimedia Game theory Library (computing)
Web page Multiplication sign Computer-generated imagery Web page Database Special unitary group Word Computer animation Uniform resource name Authorization Multimedia Physical system Row (database)
Email Multiplication sign 1 (number) Control flow Database Mereology Information retrieval Performance appraisal Escape character Energy level Distributed computing Multimedia Covering space Slide rule Web page Moment (mathematics) Interactive television Streaming media Bit Cartesian coordinate system Computer animation Personal digital assistant Network topology Multimedia Key (cryptography)
Multiplication sign Disintegration Computer-generated imagery Database Online help Number Word Goodness of fit Type theory String (computer science) Multimedia Personal area network Standard deviation Relational database Data storage device Streaming media Database Bit Array data structure Hypermedia Computer animation Different (Kate Ryan album) Multimedia Key (cryptography) Table (information)
Email Dynamical system Digital media Multiplication sign Computer-aided design Computer file Mereology Neuroinformatik Web 2.0 Type theory Hypermedia Different (Kate Ryan album) Row (database) Multimedia Office suite Endliche Modelltheorie Rhombus Physical system Speech synthesis Area Email Block (periodic table) Data storage device Parallel port Physicalism Streaming media Bit Type theory Array data structure Digital photography Arithmetic mean Spreadsheet Telecommunication Figurate number Row (database) Point (geometry) Frame problem Slide rule Beat (acoustics) Real number Computer-generated imagery Disintegration MIDI Streaming media Number Sequence Wave Spreadsheet Term (mathematics) Complex number Metropolitan area network Mobile Web Dynamical system Execution unit Physical law Basis <Mathematik> Volume (thermodynamics) Line (geometry) Vector graphics Hypermedia Computer animation Information retrieval Multimedia Speech synthesis Object (grammar) Musical ensemble Identity management Library (computing)
Point (geometry) Multiplication sign Disintegration Computer-generated imagery Combinational logic Online help Streaming media Mereology Information retrieval Type theory Hypermedia Different (Kate Ryan album) Object (grammar) Multimedia Data type Matching (graph theory) Information Streaming media Bit Machine code Type theory Word Hypermedia Computer animation Logic Telecommunication Multimedia Object (grammar) Row (database) Extension (kinesiology)
Point (geometry) Dataflow Multitier architecture Context awareness Statistics Transformation (genetics) Computer-generated imagery Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy Heat transfer Content (media) Mereology Semantics (computer science) Independence (probability theory) Impulse response Mathematics Telecommunication Different (Kate Ryan album) Hypermedia Hierarchy Authorization Information Information Structural load Content (media) Heat transfer Bit Line (geometry) Hierarchy Mathematics Arithmetic mean Computer animation Mixed reality Telecommunication Reading (process)
Multiplication sign Computer-aided design Database Insertion loss Real-time operating system Mereology Information retrieval Labour Party (Malta) Hypermedia File system Multimedia Aerodynamics Data conversion Endliche Modelltheorie Data compression Exception handling Algorithm Moment (mathematics) Data storage device Streaming media Bit Degree (graph theory) Type theory Array data structure Fluid statics Order (biology) Pattern language Row (database) Point (geometry) Web page Classical physics Computer-generated imagery Letterpress printing Data storage device Streaming media Digital library Content (media) Metadata Latent heat Goodness of fit Causality Term (mathematics) Energy level Selectivity (electronic) Data structure Data type Operations research Focus (optics) Matching (graph theory) Information Cellular automaton Database Denial-of-service attack Machine code Multilateration System call Computer animation Factory (trading post) Network topology Information retrieval Multimedia Video game Musical ensemble
Building Group action Context awareness State of matter Mehrplatzsystem Multiplication sign Range (statistics) Relational database Combinational logic Orthogonality Numbering scheme Database Mereology Database transaction Dressing (medical) Neuroinformatik Formal language Query language Information retrieval Data model Estimator Hypermedia Semiconductor memory Object (grammar) Personal digital assistant Query language Multimedia Endliche Modelltheorie Physical system Area Relational database Data recovery Data storage device Declarative programming Type theory Arithmetic mean Digital photography Data storage device Figurate number Data structure Spacetime Laptop Functional (mathematics) Game controller Divisor Data recovery Data storage device Streaming media Revision control Frequency Customer relationship management Term (mathematics) Address space Condition number Multiplication Focus (optics) Standard deviation Myspace Information Cellular automaton Basis <Mathematik> Database Cartesian coordinate system Personal computer Computer animation Infinite impulse response Personal digital assistant Function (mathematics) Customer relationship management Information retrieval Statement (computer science) Multimedia Video game Object (grammar) Service-oriented architecture Mathematical optimization
Point (geometry) Classical physics Building Functional (mathematics) Group action Presentation of a group Computer file Convex hull Multiplication sign Disintegration Relational database Database Streaming media Mereology Semantics (computer science) Food energy Dressing (medical) Software maintenance Information retrieval Semiconductor memory Natural number Object (grammar) Ideal (ethics) Multimedia Extension (kinesiology) Physical system Presentation of a group Algorithm User-defined function Relational database Computer file Classical physics Data storage device Interactive television Metadata Database Type theory Computer animation Oval Function (mathematics) Einsteckmodul System programming Multimedia Procedural programming Object (grammar) Resultant Oracle Extension (kinesiology)
User interface Multiplication sign Speicherkapazität Database Mereology Semantics (computer science) Information retrieval Database normalization Array data structure Hypermedia Different (Kate Ryan album) Object (grammar) Multimedia Data storage device System identification Extension (kinesiology) Data compression Physical system Channel capacity Data storage device Sound effect Computer simulation Control flow 10 (number) Information extraction Type theory Process (computing) Condition number Physical system Data structure Resultant Data compression Game controller Observational study Tournament (medieval) Image resolution Disintegration Streaming media Content (media) Architecture Causality Bridging (networking) Term (mathematics) Software Subject indexing Information extraction Condition number User interface Information Counting Database Similarity (geometry) Database normalization Computer animation Function (mathematics) Information retrieval Network topology Object (grammar) Mathematical optimization Extension (kinesiology)
Point (geometry) Functional (mathematics) State of matter Multiplication sign View (database) Disintegration Computer-generated imagery Combinational logic Orthogonality Streaming media Content (media) Mereology Semantics (computer science) Graph coloring Information retrieval Database normalization Causality Hypermedia Object (grammar) Subject indexing Data structure Metropolitan area network Position operator Physical system Information Sine Classical physics Physical law Interactive television Measurement Distance Similarity (geometry) Hypermedia Computer animation Personal digital assistant Function (mathematics) Information retrieval
Pattern recognition Suite (music) Complex (psychology) State of matter View (database) Multiplication sign Relational database Database Shape (magazine) Likelihood-ratio test Mereology Neuroinformatik Database normalization Facebook Sign (mathematics) Hypermedia Object (grammar) Single-precision floating-point format Query language Moving average Multimedia Physical system Metropolitan area network Pattern recognition Algorithm View (database) Digitizing Structural load Computer simulation User profile Data mining Digital photography Process (computing) Order (biology) Helmholtz decomposition Convex hull Right angle Figurate number Data structure Resultant Web page Point (geometry) Cognition Functional (mathematics) Digitizing Connectivity (graph theory) Computer-generated imagery Merkmalsextraktion Maxima and minima Mathematical analysis Streaming media Plot (narrative) Number Goodness of fit Representation (politics) Energy level Metropolitan area network Pairwise comparison Standard deviation Matching (graph theory) Myspace Information Physical law Content (media) Database Line (geometry) Cartesian coordinate system Similarity (geometry) Computer animation Information retrieval Abfrageverarbeitung Object (grammar) Game theory Mathematical optimization Capability Maturity Model
State of matter Myspace Multiplication sign Content (media) Mereology Leak Digital photography Mathematics Authorization Dispersion (chemistry) Physical system World Wide Web Consortium Multiplication sign Physicalism Streaming media Database System call Vector potential Uniform boundedness principle Arithmetic mean Word Facebook Computer animation Personal digital assistant Multimedia Right angle Musical ensemble YouTube
Pattern recognition Software engineering Email Wechselseitige Information Personal identification number MUD Zoom lens 1 (number) Maxima and minima Lace Disk read-and-write head Special unitary group Arm Dressing (medical) Order (biology) No free lunch in search and optimization Information Conditional-access module Physical system Social class Context awareness Boss Corporation Raw image format Slide rule Closed set Electronic program guide Web page Aliasing Physical law Computer simulation Color management God Explosion Computer animation Uniform resource name Convex hull Local ring
Email Metropolitan area network Information management Execution unit Personal identification number Sine Aliasing Maxima and minima Arm Dressing (medical) Variance Pointer (computer programming) Digital photography Fermat's Last Theorem Cache (computing) Computer animation Uniform resource name Schmelze <Betrieb> Information
Pattern recognition Computer-generated imagery Heat transfer Likelihood-ratio test Hand fan Law of large numbers Digital photography Programmer (hardware) Whiteboard Lecture/Conference Hypermedia Phase transition Military operation Operator (mathematics) Multimedia Information Data structure Physical system Area Scale (map) PowerPoint Slide rule Information Relational database Interior (topology) Streaming media Database Shape (magazine) Band matrix Sample (statistics) Computer animation Phase transition Whiteboard Physical system Row (database)
Point (geometry) Computer-generated imagery Port scanner Database Function (mathematics) Mass Disk read-and-write head Discrete element method Usability Digital photography Spherical cap Personal digital assistant Query language Cuboid Multimedia Office suite Library (computing) MIDI Interactive television Physicalism Streaming media Bit Database Lattice (order) Digital photography Sample (statistics) Computer animation Personal digital assistant Statement (computer science) Summierbarkeit Game theory Identity management Library (computing)
Satellite Standard deviation Pattern recognition Group action Dynamical system Database Web 2.0 Information retrieval Programmer (hardware) Type theory Different (Kate Ryan album) Query language Repository (publishing) Multimedia Aerodynamics Metadata Arithmetic mean Sample (statistics) Fluid statics Different (Kate Ryan album) Energy level Procedural programming Sinc function Functional (mathematics) Identifiability Computer-generated imagery Maxima and minima 3 (number) Heat transfer Content (media) Rule of inference Googol Punched card Condition number Operations research Execution unit Dialect Dependent and independent variables Matching (graph theory) Information Characteristic polynomial Debugger Content (media) Heat transfer Database Number Computer animation Personal digital assistant Search engine (computing) Function (mathematics) Hybrid computer Information retrieval Multimedia Game theory Table (information)
Software engineering Dynamical system Line (geometry) Multiplication sign Electronic program guide Database Angle X-ray computed tomography Arm Law of large numbers Value-added network Emulation 2 (number) Information retrieval Word Mathematics Personal digital assistant Multimedia Office suite Physical system Execution unit Information Moment (mathematics) Interior (topology) Database Inclusion map Number Word Computer animation Personal digital assistant Multimedia Hill differential equation Whiteboard Family Resultant
Standard deviation Raw image format Dynamical system Satellite Matching (graph theory) Computer-generated imagery Metadata Computer simulation Database Evolute Information retrieval Performance appraisal Computer animation Googol Network topology Query language
Point (geometry) Pattern recognition Multiplication sign Maxima and minima Content (media) Variance Information retrieval Performance appraisal Term (mathematics) Process (computing) Task (computing) Physical system Sound effect Database Cartesian coordinate system Scalability Performance appraisal Computer animation Function (mathematics) Information retrieval Network topology Order (biology) ECos Table (information) Physical system
Torus Metric system Dependent and independent variables Multiplication sign Virtual machine Measurement Independence (probability theory) Information retrieval CAN bus Response time (technology) Performance appraisal Hypermedia Term (mathematics) Semiconductor memory Different (Kate Ryan album) Befehlsprozessor Operator (mathematics) Query language Integrated development environment Physical system Operations research Dependent and independent variables Matching (graph theory) Characteristic polynomial Interface (computing) Sound effect Physicalism Independence (probability theory) Database Bit Measurement Number Computer animation Query language Computer hardware Interface (computing) Quicksort Object (grammar) Physical system Resultant
Functional (mathematics) Dependent and independent variables Tournament (medieval) Maxima and minima Focus (optics) Usability Measurement Information retrieval Query language Set (mathematics) Energy level Information Physical system Pairwise comparison Link (knot theory) Information Concentric Sound effect Usability Bit Database Measurement Computer animation Agreeableness Network topology Charge carrier Whiteboard Physical system Resultant Spacetime
Electronic data interchange Touchscreen Information Expert system Sheaf (mathematics) Explosion Information retrieval Population density Computer animation Personal digital assistant Blog Set (mathematics) Physical system Resultant Physical system Condition number
Noise (electronics) Slide rule Information State of matter 1 (number) Expert system Bit Entire function Rule of inference Explosion Word Computer animation Personal digital assistant Set (mathematics) Negative number Boundary value problem Negative number Physical system Resultant Position operator Physical system
Explosion Point (geometry) Performance appraisal Computer animation Interpreter (computing) Expert system Musical ensemble Physical system Matrix (mathematics) Resultant Number Physical system
Number Polygon mesh Computer animation Decision theory Drop (liquid) Measurement Metropolitan area network
Standard deviation Histogram Sequel View (database) Curve Division (mathematics) Mathematical analysis Mereology Neuroinformatik Information retrieval Performance appraisal Benchmark Knowledge representation and reasoning Term (mathematics) Natural number Query language Set (mathematics) Representation (politics) World Wide Web Consortium Continuous track Point (geometry) Streaming media Lattice (order) Element (mathematics) Macro (computer science) Process (computing) Computer animation Knowledge representation and reasoning Energy level Physical system Spacetime
Information retrieval Histogram Computer animation Computer-generated imagery Matching (graph theory)
So wrong and the welcome to my Alexis serious this year about a multimedia databases and the fund semester it will be because the covering a lot of ground in with respect talk and the media will images we will do do all year with the new video so everything that the kind of media and that we will show you how to start up to retreated and what to do in terms of general and was general Applications sell off at the start the capture of the with a number of preliminary so of the lecture will be 3 hours to plus 1 and we will have the exercises integrated into lecture you probably no if you've attended and the and lectures and Michaels's found the concept of the 2 so deep to is usually some some part of the lecture weakened just sit back and relax and will tell you something about applications of how to use it all up what what industry does was suspected for we a telling you really get more practical impression of what this is all about why he should know about this all why should should should learn the and that we also have exercises and exercises so that will be the she available on on the Web page on the cost film page and and the other a rigorous you to do the exercises
But they are not mandatory Usually they are well just for you to understand what going on in a like what how the other than back to work and to get that feeling off of what happened in the retreat to the area and and if you do them consistently the and a what they preparing for the exams number but feel it you don't limbs you might experience of Fulham all run and sometimes issues but at the end of December the when the exams in those behind the exams and that is what will also in this case and the Monster and muscles calls and and it will take about how not to do something like that you in a way which might pick out with from the standing of the of the contents of the cost of long and has said that they had the exercises and will be ready protagonist for for the Lexus of that to be a big point and depending on Monday examination rules that you belong to this will be a full 5 credit pointed cost of the fuel in 1 of the new rules like the dispose of studies of the New must call closest and 5 credit for the old must calls for credit still make sure in what of what examination roads applying to use that as they in terms of a recommended literature and highest selected a couple of books that 2 German books in which makes said instead of promoting media about the Bank of members but by recent book that she is a good Overview over the top biggest Bashley with respect to the retrieval paradigms as the less was respectfully to the actual algorithms offer the actual algorithms Steinmetz of multimedia technology 1 giant component of the game and is also a very good book to see some of the algorithms to to find out about it of course this has taught English since is also part of an internationally Mossadeq also we have some English books he and a fellow mid sponsored custody back on the image databases wily and very nice bloke and 1 of the last 6 as the multimedia and imaging databases qualify for Baker and this is 1 of the books that recommend for costs which will also cover loss from that we had to have most of the others will be discussing some and do not operate in this way in any of the the books so we will also rely on the origin a papers especially when comes to simulate he said and how celebrities to find a flat on the odds of papers are will be provided on a web page so you can look them up and you would with the excess and all the university network to the a standard library at the height of the needed though you can get the papers at No Child and convenient
But of course that's a quest webpage the at the FA's teaching them and the beach and then you see the ghost which found across webpage contains almost like it also contains a recording of the Review of each lecture so if you want to do that but of the learning or if you miss a lecture no problem you can see it and you can see the recall of words and the author of the lights or the paintings do well the audio track on the the only thing you can not yet see is needed because we on the camera and the rumour that fully will change have timing as much as might aggravate you to not see me up and we found that more than for the sea slides the audio check
As soon as that any questions just brought by a long way and the 2nd for bomb that descended from April of male no problem and we will handle the same just spontaneously but when the something to draw on the same applied for lecture It's something that I'm Caelia from questions on the needs of level just off this is interactive style and I'm produce to take part in the lecture and and the fact that something that is on players something that is by being used somehow just tell about it and we can discuss the public questions delay until the end of the lecture also while the talk about 2 separate moment takes along the usual stuff can be done right when the problem across that a questions about the sad but we ought to do today that today's lectures not to some of the most refined lecture of the world as the introduction to the sea in all of you off what multimedia databases action or
So what will become and but 1 of the interesting topics interested and and equipped with a break of this I've it at that Some saw the interesting topics although the application is what can we do without and how do I find out whether we have a good multimedia that they felt good for tree were or whether we have bad for these are the 3 things that will cover today but I'd do would have to leave a little bit early today so I'm will be a problem for me you to take the rest of collective because of some of application for a 3rd of the going to be a new professor of the time and very very interesting so at the end I wanted to feel like it directly after the lecture there will be an application talk of one off and the and there will be more a case for the professes over the cost of the day so I was interested to distribute systems My He left us and now we looking for new ones It interested please Brookline by but So want to do today is basically finding out what might immediate that advice on what to bigger applications are useful multimedia databases old went and maybe of health and how to evaluate the quality of a multimedia that this might be found the same thing
A year ago so the 1st question is was the multimedia database and it's easy but to database plus multimedia at and simple and we have to Keywords here we have the classical better this everybody knows that
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Multimedia basically contains term media that is we have full kinds of digital media time images audio and video we have images that audio and we've never time diamond that that are not so hot Wealth to handle such a we do it dollars we do with players we can put them into the system but which of very difficult to handle systematically So how do you know how Phyliss called how the No 1 of the deal shows that if you just have to find might be a sensible find all might be exploited that 500 night which doesn't hint at the Continental Other possibilities to know a little bit more about the media looking usually a media Object can be complex all more complete American 10 text recounted images which are referred to by the tax as you can see on a figure brought in all the number of mobile Bigos down to buy a book of the year connexion between the 2 from media Or you might have audio Explaining some office like where doing here in the lecture They are connected because that a certain part of the audio Street a certain slight is shown on the block for a pinch of white for So that they are somehow interconnect Which means that integrated into a single document To sell the collection and some media is totally not understandable without the rest of the document And they just can't be very nice but if you don't know what they sell all white should look at Forget how to understand what the intention of the also lost and the offer offering a multimedia document Has some more intentions That is given by any of the media Texas usually the most helpful but as we all know that the images and save more than thousand work And so for traditional purposes or commentaries and terms of audio would and other interesting The basic media types off text image special kind of image that directly audio and video of the text and the image that it for the audience the video into time Dynamic the changing over time that did takes document is just Momo text that could also be spreadsheets for a complex felt that could be emails so communication could be anything the text not we will not cover this is basically the area of information retriever and as some of you know there is a wonderful lecture parallel to this long which said is specifically concerned with information retrieval and Web search and sold as a think up Wednesday when says morning yesterday but the
If you want to know more about the I'm man handling of text and basis this is the place to go this is where its interest real world cover the image audio video part in this lecture and for the images you do have photos typically of the maps of some compressed for months a year vector graphics built very Baker libraries of see computer aided designed the for example Fault climbed when the model a new car The real part of it might actually not pitch at some point they will build a model of physical model yet to do all that and the other this fall when Channel and stuff like that but still Most of the line follows is done computer aided and has to to be stopped some and a lot of dead debuted at so yes speech and music recording Which can cover either a popular music full can cover speeches as done and volume and in public places are very much of the palm A kind of cultural aridity and should be preserved preserving means storage and storage means at some point that of And as also annotations like we are doing here of slides under the common law of different woman Soloway files less MediaFile and that this kind of music for island and the Tree Phyllys's of the most popular of all much for full of compressed music and of course we have enough quality of the video filed which is basically what dynamical image records of breaking 2nd the self image of time demands and also in a note of different woman like the and take all the half beating
Bond When we were talking about documents we want to know what what it actually is and 1 of the in the earliest definition of information retrieve is that documents out logically into dependent digitally encoded text as they are posted to be wouldn't think about pictures and the and and audio streams commenting on the text of something like that It was not yet the time for that but they just focused on taxes that but it has to be St logically coherent somehow something that contains different words that have nothing to do with each other is not a document not a sensible communication but there should be a certain grandma it should be about this topic that should be a certain intention of telling somebody something that is important for a document and found what actually during the Eighties 92 came TV the idea that takes probably is a little bit to show that does not go far enough we we have to address any other media tight are the 1st broke images because the mean in in most documents you do have some images either shops showing something that might be understandable if you don't have out of the text that goes with it but on the other hand the text might like the exact inflammation of the children and in the graphs and but also Ofqual's illustrative images that are just nice to look at some of those about to bigger part of the text and when it became clear that also of things like like like recording of lectures and a lot of other things multimedia could be and that it in documents for example graphic animations of some showing rose by the most with the most that could be rotated or something Then it became clear that the document thought as logic in the deep and did to the and code tax definition Does jumped to Seoul but we need to other media types to be integrated in all those document and still they logically into deep and the some called refer to the same talks to Sampras's to Inc topic for the same intentional telling somebody Important point That also set the stage for what would we need to do so the document types of are basically
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Communication connexions are want to tell you something Chinedu says all any to write a letter of the mix of the old and the to show you my flight is the 1st of communication and the Kerry of information is basically just the means of Wollondilly that could be the sound of my voice could be the optical signalled that you get from the flight It has no influence whatsoever of what is on the line was the semantics of what a load of almost a the and the and the of players like an all this change the medium during the information transfer so like and talk to you about something akin sure you something other than being a different kind of perception of my bike and likened let you hand the videos and
But and the summit to be going some before medium is a book was a book about what as the impulse part of it but it's a communication Between the author and the read the also want to tell a storey or make some point he would O'Connor book and and the read all want to know about that is excited all the storey will end what the flow of the storey you want to know about something so to tackle the or that kind of stuff the basic book is just paper that is printed somehow and but between to cover so it's too early independent from the content of the book doesn't matter whether it's a fairy tale of the most in Poland information and the world are still bits of the book Nothing more found it hierarchy the bills of text and images of beauty book context but very often it also contains images not only for the small children but also books for fully grown ups are illustrated the their Death to illustrate the point for beauty to carry some information like statistics usually very nicely shown and very concise officials in some from graph that you might see some The give you book As a media you can read it that is a long way off but you mean of verbal eye read to you That is another way of computing the book for you the medium change from The Briton book for audio and for way off transform transfer the information we of communication has changed The book still is unchanged for Kent that as the basic idea of medium
You can classified media usually by the receive a type of this or KDIC old media Which was prominent example is the book that could also be a slight them That plastic medium cell that kind of life she is set to music as my rhythm my spoke at Or because the media that have medium where you can affect use you does census to to get some information and examples of this But with Now it too Yes by the love of writing for the blind and the and the body of a female The of the the pages of the book the kind of show shows some specific pattern of points and by feeling the point you can find out what let it should be and you can read about the found that tactic of medium AHL factory medium was published to find an example here or factory mediums is the information that his transport by smell found a hat and then the moment of know that stretch and smell books were very very popular during the island 7 to 8 use of something like that the basically the idea was that he scratch at some point of the book and you get a smell because the loss of some of some some chemical substance smelling like pineapple automated was noted the evidence illustration of what it was about but still under the and are a factory medium could also be a burning find a kind of sense the excitement to be ready to flee something like that sales some of the old instinct that we have are still build on all factory media something smell funny but and last of these that the gustatory medium away transport information by taste but as part of the world that he had no sensible example of came to my mind with the 1 because of the very red indeed Imeem usually if you take something of a little bit of something you want to find out whether whether it's a poisonous all not stuff like that could be used on but it's not too from of a soap these 2 up all the what we need all the World with the other 1 and The coming in at some point fund based on the time If you have a time away at the time dimensional not depend with and media the medium can be static autonomy a picture does not change over time the video audiophile does until you do with the time
Now we know what multimedia is and how we transport the information by what are still Why do we need databases so what what is the the database part of the problem is that most of the media that we use and a new life Is immediately comes human and the Bulls But we don't have a convert accommodation you get some information from me But after that you have to remember that you can never prove it took place at a time for a good time but it up on the other hand you could use a transcript all recording of the call of conversation to show that it on a flight that took place for to re New you knowledge of what was actually talked about the life explain some kind of algorithm to you And we do recording the of lecturer at a later point in time the book How that this algorithm were away to a tree for the 2nd of the video where he claimed the And what to see it again listen to it again and them understand how the A print This is the basic ideas of the storey and the Tree the storage means we keep The transcript of all matches for eternity The retrieval means we get from those thought that because actually what we want Ineffective and the fish were to what we want and now What now for the cost And this is what we will be dealing with most of the time but for the selection of the very interested in what happens can't tell how do we retrieve data how can we index that so it sits and ready for a tree the held which storey that the rather simple But the retrieval popular will be left for the rest of the goods I'm happy for the storage of media that and we need a way of persistent the storey text documents to graphics he the images audio-video this 2 can be stalled 3 efficiently For these it's kind of more difficult because they tend to be rather large and compressing them only works to some degree compressing text compressing that directly Not too difficult and and we don't go into that too far during the cause of the lecture whose really interested in how to compressed stuff but we do have a lecture on the amount on digital libraries where many compression techniques like that are presented this is not all main focus of the of the select here are made focus is on contemplate the tree So we need to get the information order of the day debate about the need your and that means about what information Was presented in the media what was communicated in the media The and that needs to be efficient of also mean we we all need to have some of both real time most probably algorithms and needs a little bit of standardisation so we know what would get to get to know some of them to become a standard and except in the impact 21 for the next media but most of the rooms that we will get to know full of directly on the media of the use of metal manner that as 1 of the major terms he met that is the information about nation's on a medal level describing was in the media what of transport to the media And said that will show a some Metadata that techniques that usually we will have to do without that because indexing update its by the tedious tough on and many Labour not to handling the information flood reproducing currently in terms of media any more and went to the you cupola something we would and and 1 of the following the assessing code grows and all the and all not index and no nobody has any idea what works in the media might be helpful to have some automatic techniques he cell that they succeed to move ideas when dealing with multimedia dead and 1 as the classical standalone file system idea wago OK but as put it into the file system and and and the file system structure shows me what his where so these are the videos from my last fication and these are the video from the press conference iGate last week and these other videos from lectures all 1 of the island the you could have a typical database model
Worse they are care I'd like I'd only deal was where what the excess off actually is I'd just want to put it into the base and 1 fine needed eye get it back from the database management system and that is management system is actually well prepared The deal was that will might question and a Michaelson's means have a decorative fuelling which means that essay want not where it is supposed to be of which should be in the fall with a with lectures all know her may be within the along that a woman think about the state of want to say well lecture from 7 of April and want this lectures On me that this is also offer an all Foggo combination of figure functionality further during member couple things about the things maybe the date when the video was recalled that maybe the title of lecture was giving may be 1 of the icons these 2 together all 3 of full 5 clues in a single day that of a statement from so where cloth and contains a lot of multiple and conditions that just combined with all and the and the and the bullion And it worked out that the public is the term of period to misation and the next are for actually dressing that and so some period are more difficult to build an all those invited to have a way of automatically optimizing Petrino times will benefit single for the next trucked divide with leather indexing scheme The trio with the benefit of an idea the but the usual goodies and action management recover reselected multi-user working on the lawn of the media that the basis of 1 Smiles's to NGOs dawn although the by half goes pay 1 0 1 building burned down or something like that and you have recovered techniques automatically controlled by the date of the system and have to care for setting up a database with lots kind of The advantage of database and this is why we want to do stuff like that
Before the Timeline found The storey of multimedia documents or media document such stop at basically 96 but in the 19th Sixties the main focus for the text of the of the golden age of information retrieval But people start to about were context for the 1st time and that all the interesting elbows and sell for example the 1 on which the space model fall for tax from the area and was invented in the Sixties the of From the 19th 70 saw the advent of related databases of a whole new paradigm and destructive fewer language decorative which way don't care about where something is located but you located by some not Tickell restrictions on the Continent that on the tide of the that looking for and the computer that time Where basic the filling and tyrants like this 1 They couldn't do do more than your laptop today Interest in the cell The people at that time were not really thinking about images of videos of stuff like the during the Eighties when the personal computer became available it was clear that also Purslow information like of the case and videos of evocation Were off importance And it digitised version of the Had to be managed some and especially with the growth of both storage devices on the ice to remember that the Times way at 64 Kate and you dispose of in terms of Maine memory on not memory ranges and in the gigabytes I and the 2nd a storage ranges in the area of care obliged to but not a problem for Over 2 you can stop the information and and that the kind of like a estimation of of MySpace and that the whole life of human with all the commands the he O'Shea produced about although photos and Suffolk that could be stalled in as little as 3 100 tell by your life and who is Some eluded like from 1 of the and so we had be an increasing presence of multimedia object at last beginning of the 19th when when the computer outwardness state to handle update people became Concurrent with Hull to stall them how to retrieve them and and and the basic when they stop working on on multimedia database so 1990 5 was part of the standard isation Heskey of 92 in the standards for the 1st time introduced binary large objects not some all continent address stock index told of the deaths you could start videos in the database of images and the and the and the dress them by some handled added was usually the of all there is to it but 1990 5 1990 8 in the 1st multimedia fell by now we have like India's of 15 year multimedia that and had been an interesting research part 1 and but also interesting applications from the side of industry was possible today with show of some of the possibilities that are that they are in place today and probably every 1 of you use 1 while also social services like because they would do a bit of because the that on a useful communicating multimedia of the Isles of used for storing multimedia that will be interesting about it will be interesting to see how far the salt and set up and the 1st commercial systems used up above the brought that what type broker is Schoffel minority replot object and it is really on interpreted that just take takes the image data and stole the somewhere it's Sheila part of the database yet that it is recovered it has excess control about not block all the goodies but still it's just the dress through matter
Just say when it was stalled who did storage What the file name are other any tags on it away from you can not the dress the continent of the stock was not in the nature of by memories of the and bomb The 1st database and the 1st multimedia extend for alleged that this is usually refer to object creation extending because people with union like but it is not about the relation of that are really good at it but also bought storing objects like like an image which is a very complex of the 100 or so were trieval functionality walls and high and the idealism semantics so you want to advance what in the video what what what does the pictures show what type of pictures that was more important than the findings And the big databases Ibn TV to Oracle and of the build extenders cockroaches 0 0 0 and the aim to found an integrated into the global Relational Colonel of the possibility of handling those objects by user-defined functions find time stall procedures based basically routine That could run algorithms on the object and those Algorithms for more left convenient or more efficient but they all know that the aim of getting down to the semantics Of the 2 doubles the interesting point
And crested Lakis was both while the 1st 2 think about what multimedia databases actually you have to offer and that he was kind of like the and the requirements bt that is still not there today but public which were worked on very successful in part of which can actually be sure I'd said about 1st On the classical database function of our of doing that longer calories wanted actions no discussion about now don't care for by hand manually along the database system to take care of Then I'll need the maintenance of on for much of that which is kind of the 1st glimpse of the of the bloke idea but on for much of and have to be handled some all idon't care all that money special storage rises because those tend to be rather began to file used Olympic affect the usage and of cost presentation devices Highwood were presented the video to the user From the database database does not have you some of their biggest interact with such devices with the graphical using the face devices to show the results want interesting problem Hull to show what looks going on that we will also dressed and the lecture out how the operas and video results so the you can choose what video is actually the 1 but the she liked it so easy
I'm To comply with the basic requirements We need to consider the self-locking Techdirt is that something talking novel Or can we somehow be loaded into the existing database of is just an extension which identify the objects We need to identify the cause of tens of the media What the the video by who this the pictures showed will sapete to taken their very interesting things And if anybody shows you a picture sometimes seem to have a distinct idea that was taken the for example to see a picture of comments by was taken Mexico but the quick that are my a the yes but the type of person that will actually show you where was taken and the job of the bridge And then the problem is prefered wants Performance is 1 of the major Hindrances of effective Multimedia's because you count count stop searching through videos William abide of them when the last of what went over videos where there was kept in the amended start taking the videos on look for a new and it doesn't work that way in the 2 pre index that you need to dress the information and extracting information Procrit The user interface Hollywood intact with the system the estate your career someone had for a while and picture that looks like like this The example or you drawl something out of the tournament picture and the and the and the palm trees Under the terms And a the Campbell P The for And with a house move female at each other regardless of you that you see the problem A nice Voices Now some human about what you need to extract information From The pictures This is Thurrock moved a care And now and everybody else knows what should be published should father the Campbell far more difficult to identify them the tournament and information extract and then you need storage to ice with very large storage capacity Redundancy control and compression possibilities for you have to stop everything in the highest resolution and cost you have a you have to do that the Foreign information retrieval that means you you need the semantics Church Apec is the basic requirements of in the next term that all want to introduce and the or a use couple times world retrieval but does retrieval me well retrieval is what your answer to free
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But Some childhood schematic new we use you have to to make steps in working with the multimedia that this 1 is creating the databank digitised you images of during a videos Zola maybe you analyze and extract feature Whatever they may be they could because I'm a big could be clout shaped for was that could be the calm wrangle 1 of everything that you extract do you put it into the image the can If you create your best after digitise because you need the same representation of the body or a and B also need to analyze and and will feature extraction and not you compel The features of a match against you of database and you end up with of searches of the basic ideas of that and if we look at it more details which 1 1 and the tree And at some point we get the results But before that we can do that a lot of things have to be done we have to have the basic multimedia and some Relational better for example the creator of the object of all right of all whatever it may be that we entered into the database We extract the feature you and not if we do the same for free we are ready to Blue competitors Once we have considered some of the good results from so we computer set simulator the and that some of imagination tricks and he walked out weekend propel the results for showing how level we do that for images of that resistively the usual small picked on on news out page for video it's really to hot because what I do just 1 picture all do you can't play the witty 0 kind of below the storey bowled well away detailed in the video the Samarai that some of the from possibilities but it has to be done and the and the result is finely given to the user and that the use would have kept this basic the house works
If we didn't even know agitated view value of things that have to be done so for example the multimedia Object company simply put into a database has to be some kind of the processes of to the compost complex documents to analyse the images Gifton although like them some of the size of the image matter from the is just all like every pictures of the same size so you can you can compel colours and in a good way of to stick meant that videos and so we have to find out what was in the video of chemicals in the video off the suit you within the video 1 of the very interesting and has to be done some most of the other was the used he will cover during the lecture you and to the work of index and so you recognise features to you expect the features index the features everything that should be You must inability to Miller to computation needs to be pre computer You can not addressed the medial LPGA doing during retrieval to pre computer which means you have to to anticipate everything the user might want their difficult and pop singles poetry And then it just compared the future values to the future but he is thought that the sound easy well yes optimizing these cruises not easy building a good index almighty dominant that are not where the couple also part of the It s a lot more on the way out to the world Sometimes sometimes so if you if you look at my own camera for example that they will immediately at law man of the ditch images and that some of the smell that standardised as for example in the Amex demand that 21 standard will of also part of that in the lecture and some of it is basically free text and if you look at at social pointless like figure for example that people can't as sign text to images also this might be a sauce of the inspiration for this on way of extracting features directly from the media update there is another way off just taking the man that the as an easy to use you will after and allies that the object and then extracted Yes After be algorithms in the database that actually do at the time a new kind of of component that you should be using the relation of and does not It's still not offered and and most of the State of the State of the evening with the TV to and Oracle the into media coverage and the baby to audio images video extended and they offer a very limited functionality that does not go far beyond the world of what colour in the picture Said is not will see some of that to come out here and I do created processes You get the results you transfer but somehow and presented some and then it goes to the user and now the you might anxious that not as W while wanted all this debate not want which is called rather than the residency that can be used to human either simulators function that include exclude some of the features for comparison and don't want to come information the shape information it does not matter what the colour of the camera For of and said the number of the view that a when the party failed to the new distinctly green that and that brings us for to 1st the to and will handed over to him and the few for today looking so that some applications of these multimedia databases fuel already mentioned the social media and the ways to find a multi media content in such social media of costly Facebook MySpace high 5 and some of the social networks and the Auld also allow updating and applauding before the end usually when you upload such photos you are also allowed to Baghdad the Boston's but the kind in the 4th that the made that they were talking about and this is actually the state of the game such as such Systems when you want to work on retabled this a iLike that would like to see all the full close containing the friend of mine who gave the name or the name or what they want and the system so to use the full HBOS which have attached them at the top with best that this is what is best for example and you have some smot the systems 1 example cherries because the tries to blow automatically called nation of facing so it allows only to stop the begging them at the data in order and that it tries to boost some automatic recognition received the and then we have of Vitosha you to make the Dome the fate of both Systems loads of the goes you can upload your videos also thank them and say OK here I'm doing something along the lines or a few just film Bookara something what their
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