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Closing Keynote: Reversing the River

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so I and
so this is a pyrimidine conference for me as a person of endemic out into kind of conferences go fortunately and unfortunately and that there's always something special you cannot fulfill that some provinces it's usually pretty easy within 10 minutes of being a place to get a sense for a flight and what I really enjoyed being here is is definitely the sense of potential um when I 1st heard amber and I'm not the 1 who had the amber decision by the way uh maxim Jonathan at 2 co-founders did the 1st heard about number and the tagline ambitious that's it meant nothing to me they really had no idea what the hell that meant I and a selection struggle with a little bit but feel like concerning to come to terms with it and part of how come to terms with it is this potential the leverage the opportunity what you can create and we certainly search to see that a constable were doing to today would give a talk that's to touch on a lotta these topics by telling 1 might absolute favorite stories that I love to look at analogies from other world other places than simply the technology world that were in and sometimes we can see some really strong corollaries some things we can learn their so let's just have to it we so and have
seats number when the time that 1 city Chicago together I think that there's so many things we can learn from them they are the biggest thing that humans built they are these incredible places that most of us choose to live in more and more then they have incredible complexity if anything can be described as ambitious I would argue that a city can be described as ambitious I still cities know how to get started if you look at any city maybe with exception of solid city any city get started as an accident almost always they happen because of geography almost always is the bend in the river like Portland there is some particular reason that people start to gather their profit trade for the resources and it noise the again except so it's in your answers let's set up a city here where they say is how other people here been for hundreds of years the summaries and more more search show up the there are always these complete accident that no 1 intended from day 1 as they already we can see
something that's very very familiar to have a
script was never intended from day 1 to be where it is today so next month in them and they were at the 21 year anniversary of when Brendan created JavaScript but I can safely say that not knowing anything about how that happened going down not having been there there's no way in hell this is where they would expected it to be and you can even see that it's in the name they got started right and all of your where but jobs because in college of a script when it before the bond she was originally called Moeka which is what the Marc Andreessen personal love and then there were internal negotiations and that change the LiveScript and then some crazy shenanigans the sun happened and for pure branding reasons a cat name JavaScript and now here we are today building everything of meaning in technology and on top of that so
just like real estate just like cities what we can say the common theme is location location location it's all about where you are gives me I have a terrible cold I we so we saw 1st originally in the browser's off guide others rather than and then we see server just keeps on growing and growing growing any growth in growth in gross we
so let's take a look at location location location so I'll talk about 1 city in particular and if you know for the United States this a mapping and states i and it did wanted to go and talk about a level is point and work so that their relative to that really really big body of water which is a lake there is a city in that city is called Chicago at Chicago really fascinating city I but a lot of interesting things about it including the huge which you drill a huge lake that link is actually accessible from the Atlantic you can come up and over around too often that they up in Canada and come all the way around so we have this this incredible access point to the west side of the United States and what happened is between that and then the Mississippi River which is 50 70 miles away you can't see in this methods over the west further when you have a Chicago becoming literally the heart of the United States in the 18th the between 1840 in 19 hundreds as United States is growing off and so when you're public that when you have location location location you get
growth and growth is a great thing growth is often the only way we can live it's it's what we demand have in yet when you have growth you always have unintended consequences 2 more city grows the unintended consequences of a city of any more city rows and had consequences or human waste in terms of the human waste is actually 1 of the harder things to manage about how humans can grow the Romans were the 1st people to help stop solves problem 20 500 years ago they created the 1st your system but is actually a really splendor version there about the role of the Latin word for plumbers bloody and now that's how we now have which is led to the material they worked in any way funded but sources you reported because what we start to do is take control over infrastructure and with this this is this lets us get out of the typical predator-prey relationships the equations that are defined here to typically whenever you have negative feedback loops like this web is all city caper past a certain point this is true in anything you create great any human and any physical never give feedback so you can't grow past a certain point in the back of an hour's decays waste I can happen a lot of other cases and here the way people get together mean that you know there's a point which can grow but we can apply technology this problem see which sewage treatment search systems and we can go out and so sure enough Chicago group so
she got was founded in uh 1837 as an official city had 325 people I believe time and between 1837 the when that I could find official numbers of the 1900 scramble . 7 million people it was literally the fastest growing city the world ever seen uh nothing like it never been seen before it the but as you can imagine when you have that kind of growth there's some crazy things that happen so like it's about 350 1837 1850 there were 200 thousand people the I I can't even imagine what that must have been like I but I can tell you some things I suffered some pictures there's is an incredible incredible pictures of again to I 1 was an 1854 color epidemic wiped out of the cell population not a single-digit but is been a serious and more poorly they solve the problem coming in so the speed of like this just annoying thing we need to do something so what you do well let's go after the Romans
so they they contacted a guy was just 0 at this incredible incredible engineer from boston and you think of what will make a sort of course so he in the teens and make there's only 1 problem with that of having people and uh how many human yummy hills are there Chicago not that I had in fact the elevation change I have here is larger than the elevation change in Chicago and and that's a real property of us your because if you think about house was work they work by the great great so you need to go downhill they really couldn't do it there is not enough elevation change in uh in Chicago to have steward systems so get we we have ideas is the 18 fifties we all are masters of the world we can do anything and so they did
but they jacked Chicago up so they actually raise Chicago by over 10 feet in places which is why you get these crazy lower upper Wacker drives this insanity that such a day and they did it they actually raised city up I think by 1857 the but this picture is of a hotel getting results and it is I love of picture thousand ways of food they had they had 6 thousand jacks and every turn the Jaccard raise the building of 1 1 hundredth of an inch of something absolutely ridiculous and they had 600 workers working around-the-clock raising the thing up and they would raise up to 600 route to the next raise up with the next and you'll notice this drawing there are actually people standing the people in the hotel as their reason this hotel up but it's it's completely and utterly crazy now on the search goes back to where we are today I I have nothing but the utmost admiration this is a such a feat of engineering and 1 of the ways I think about this is everyone here is working on their own project together they're working together to raise a building but the each of their own Jackson and I feel lot of similarities to what's happening in just world every 1 of those destined to be the and and PM package were in do something really ambitious together but not necessarily together and
this will come together even better for insect about the way in just do individual hotels this this entire city block of 35 thousand tonnes of building and it was apparently wikicite ever came from miles around and they break a single pane of glass the entire process of doing that but so this incredible incredible engineering effort it it
and so come back to JavaScript's and the unintended consequences of growth we see there the I love this picture what yeah it's an exponential curve excellent curves always look the same as all exponential curves is the same as future Chicago's grow as well so again has been growing like a weed it's it's awesome it's incredible complete off as just the past 4 years but of course growth has side effects as we mentioned and the and the sunset effects or we could talk about it and I don't see is to do right the sun fix it happen like you the current situation were going through about what what can you trust left and all that but that's and that's expected is the expected side effects is going to be challenge the come out of it no 1 thing only talk but those it's not the number that matters so it isn't in MGM packages the number that we care about it what can you build that number and so we had to have the say as growth grows and we have these consequences what's the root causes of what we actually care about so I
can match have again because the root cause there the it turns out great there is a city 10 feet and made 20 more years but yeah if you actually look at the geography of Chicago so here's a little more zoomed in view
the Chicago is you only Michigan and people have to real big means they need to have ways than anyone can't really live without water as a no surprise as we were scurrying its water is getting its water from like Chicago and Michigan and the way that they got
rid of the waste was through late chapter that cover so the Chicago River was flowing that always has over tens of thousands of years has flows from where Chicago is into lake Michigan as the city grows and grows and grows and build a story that's great about this incredible source system they raise the entire city of 10 feet you can see in this picture here in the elevated roadways akin that today the happen actually fix the problem the quite incredible Herculean effort into something that didn't fix alternately there were problems and there's huge digressions years well they inputs life together for that but like just see have part of the story that they did they even decide what you know what the if our water if our Suez running under water the obvious solution is go further out to get water further out so they move the water intakes 2 miles offshore in the 18 seventies 18 sixties there's never been a tunnel in the history of the world that point that was done so far under way in any any additions the complete instead of these people was the same is it incomprehensible me today of course moving your water hour movie water 2 miles offshore doesn't help when added Chicago editor at this time was the largest slaughterhouse center no in the world and they would literally just throw all animal carcasses into the water and apparently the river could on fire from the methane gas decomposing from the animals and so even those 2 miles offshore you know this discussing masters against the so at some point consider this city's the continue we have to fix the problem we the so that it
has this probably decided to reverse the Chicago River the and I I don't understand like you I can honestly say no point in my life alive or so you know we should do we should reverse the river but let's just onboard today let's do that so again just throw sets out he's saying that it's the same guys doing all this stuff is the the head contractor rounds is great 20 year project 20 years but they avoided doing 27 miles of canals 24 working deep main canals 8 miles long I've 23 billion dollars in today's dollars inflation-adjusted below inflation-adjusted doesn't take care really CPI 23 username 20 dollars and begin to touches the reality we really couldn't do it today but 23 billion dollars of 8 thousand 700 people for 20 years working on this project the and amongst the many many great things in the story that but so again if
we we is not the Chicago and this is right here is the river that there a connected up to so they had a 20 mile of like this is a mildly but better do side of things now connection may get on by the way if you run down the river of the river then it hits the Mississippi and so that's assume was not the St. Louis in fact file federal injunction then said no we do not
want your shit quite literally and now interestingly again just like g tells the story that I just can't get out of my mind but they were slow about this for some reason and it took them a long time to actually filed injunction rabbit has been built for 20 years it 5 injunction until 1899 OK so january segments of 1900 at 5 in the morning a bunch of guys sneak out and below the 1st damn thing that's that's complete at this point they blow the damn and then this picture taken in January 19 I when they are artificially lowered the lock that starts the river flowing and once they did that literally impossible without some other ridiculous and effort to do it and they were apparently roughly 24 hours away getting injunction so kind of crazy people at in this desert crazy to or I have another word for others translated yeah so what's the point I wanted to tell you about crazy people building crazy things In together and I
started to come to grips with what the term ambitious means as we're building canvas to be something that I hope is quite ambitious and what I can future more more it's really hard and I mean this in every possible way and it's emotionally hardening of technically hard right what's what's particularly challenging about this is building ambitious things is easy to derive it is to terror down but then you start to get into model look the simple thing is so good it is it's not until you actually get into a simple things until you actually see of course we just 600 Jack 6 thousand people 6 other people's excels eject that it's hard work but it it obvious to us we can do that but if you think you're doing a weight this doesn't actually solve something that's portrayal real and I see that all the time we got here is that we look the number but let's be clear we we have no Alliance timbre exactly were Amber families we absolutely looked at other frameworks including reactor lots of things every time you looked alternatives would always say it yet but it's so easy to do acts but we have a relapse in the real things are so it is so much better remember we just had to keep keep on coming back but you know when just 1 super simple country thereby 118 guys you subscribe to the sky late almost daily which seems command every 2 weeks you know I love it and that went in and thank you and immediately have right a little bit about what's going on development in about a month ago I there was 1 that brought a new person and then they're talking about there they're working and doing some server-side JavaScript as well as the rails gosh how complexes can use a that the jobs that in the rails that as opposed to the JavaScript in the end bracket the Sun is in the the same world over and they're saying I get and trim doesn't exist and standard of scripting so of course for you to that member snow during a polyfilla risk areas it all my god this complexity is literally insane right now and I would argue strongly that solving the smallest possible problems the golf course was just make a tree model no that's not actually in the year of the cell that who we saw this as to whether trust talk trust and that the way we solve this is by standing on other people the way we solve this is making leverage the guy work that roku market gradient is not straight 1 of my favorite engineers ever had pledged you work with he 4 years would talk about how important leverage was an again the ballet forgetting the the mom slow uh so you don't let them taste Lin-shan was talking about and and again it's it's becoming to it's incoming more more leverage is how we build greater things together and and you know I sort of think about here is how completely obvious this is made every talk i've been here listening to today and yesterday of implicitly talks about were explicitly actually talking about how you need to stand and others you need to build the leverage and that's absolutely true anything from the technology you know we don't even think anymore but the 2nd technology because the harbor could suffer people but at the same the and so we start to decompose was actually take to get leverage to build on top of these things and it's it's 40 points 1 is opinionated pain is not a bad word by the way opinionated does mean asshole opinionated means I'm trying to help you solve a problem and that is so critical to me I it means that by I don't need to be thinking about the 6 ways I can do something it's not like all you could do x and y and z and by the way I use system in back in the nineties and and I was really the people and and it that community from where they celebrate variety there's not just 1 way to do it and that's true it should you're always always always doing it and today I was talking to someone was talking about how the transceiver single-page page act and they just need to put up uh something on the server side but then they realized they had it's a middleware take care a small piece the next minute they're like these red web servers and realize how completely insane it is worse if you have a strong opinion on it if you have software that opinions that look look we thought about this just you focus here will focus here I had complete required 2 is is documented and I'm so glad to see them at in creating a learning team member that the learned and I can't underestimated in this room by definition is already for standard deviations away from 3 so you know I guess estimate the 2 standard deviations away from the reality of the person is really gonna be tried doctors in general and if all Amber does is give people this rumored spilled if ever can get the orders of magnitude more people which it already has that's great that's where needs to go and it is absolutely documentation that comes from that the 3rd pieces performance performance so we can have a great discussion of whether that's the right word that I love performance person but that performance is super super 1 if you cannot do we need to do if it is sold terrible experience it doesn't work so well really talk about and there's time of Israel in the previous presentation you can have attractive productivity performance but you put in bold are the most important 1 to make the absolute was more 1 and frankly 1 that I mostly due at none of I want to talk for an hour about this trust do not trust you get nothing and trust to me means so many things it means you can I trust amber to not screaming yeah absolutely not worry to but can I trust amber to have a roadmap that's still make my at that well if the answer to that is yes playing a whole different game the extension of that a lot of times in and does the community feel like we're not even the 1st level not saying carried like you again the left hand is not and don't depict resist it brings up a conversation we're having right who can you trust and I will argue strongly the answer isn't dependencies are bad it's you need to understand from were depending on a need to understand what contracts are in place to make that trust happen and I think and using a great job of making that more truthful for us today 1 of the things I love about member of the same way of about rails that I actually can trust that in every way on the stack of trust but they're both looking at how can we make sure that this pro at this can work for you they're doing things like the fast release it and they're making sure that this compatibility they're making sure that the continually iterating they're not going off for 6 years of 20 years and disappearing that this community is constantly building build trust the fact that they're talking about what the challenges of builds trust all these things to me are critical for building trust so I'm the
campus I think some of you seen at this point I really appreciate all the support we had since we launched yesterday was great I love watching the wife notes show up that is right definitely we're talking last nite about the surprises that was the number 1 surprise is seen I go after those you didn't see it as a collaborative um note taking up today we have much more ambitious plans this is the framework for where we wanna go and when we think about these ambitious plans we really searches so how do we even change the way that you start to think about interactive computers but in some crazy like come apart had been done reader brains just kill certain duties concepts that allow you to be much more productive and when love as the building these things were able to think about OK I wasn't mean to really in bad get have Trello in slacker semantics and you would do not how might you worry about the potential ways in which we can get that done yes we have technical challenges of course but Amber for us is just use minsup uh helpful example of that is on the good that if you're looking at canvas and you see list and known and of you have enough yet but if you see a list of like 50 erotic aims unless I think it's slower and we looked into and new members rendering just takes 2 seconds as along with it sucks that guess what you guys are going to make it better I have complete trust and faith that over the next we 6 months of the year whatever the time frame is this is going to get better and that that she I just can't begin underestimate how powerful that it's it's the same reason heroic who's still on Amazon today people come are Amazon bill was incurred incomprehensible and and I can tell you for a fact that we could have saved money absolutism money that no we did the full analysis but we were buying into the trust that Amazon's to make it better they're going to be caring about the things that we care about they're going to be caring about us they're going to be on this path with us and we trust them to be there and that is all the difference in the world it really it's so 1 last thing I want to
talk about Matt's not earlier us Dennis they were crazy and had moxie This is the word begins use nearly enough today so let me be a little silly and pedantic was not see me moxie is force of character determination on her not sea is now that's man the he's Nazi I love this picture by the way you get 3 guys in polar caps sitting on the biggest scheme data I've ever seen and I get where Rabin for can reverse the river is right yeah promise that and no we it's super super important to think about like the the analogy here in in effect this this absolute have Mr. reverse forever this going the project it turns out there was little not a single technique or equipment available the world that was sufficient to build the can now they had to come up with entirely new physical equipment for moving the dirt for digging the steam engines did you do but this had behind actually transported building a canal 24 feet deep so they didn't say Waterville cannot here to here with these tools and come hell or high water that's can happen but they said it would have a vision of the future and the vision the future is we are going to help reverse we're in reverse river and we're going to be very responsive to what we see in front of us every day we are going to have the box you know that our values our goal is absolutely what we have to stay behind but we're in a constantly be responding to where we are today and so they actually is part is 20 Rafah invented entirely new mechanisms of moving dirt that ultimately is would enable the Panama Canal built the Panama Canal could you use all that difficult the Chicago method is why would you and that is the Chicago method to build the Panama Canal as a side effect of this there's another thing epoxy that even as a solving these problems I guarantee you I wasn't there I don't know but I'm still a grounded that and say for 20 years people tell you you're insane their absolute people tell you're wrong is the wrong way to do it here and same they I hope I hope they'd say that you know you have concerns right but we believe that this is something we can do together we believe that we can build something ambitious together and they kept at it and say I you're right desired cases against the bill were at the that and yeah we to restore stories showed that and so sorry I there's like 5 books on this that I read because them I just love this topic so much in every angle has like more diverse that only good and so I would be really clear online advocating they take a 20 year effort we know where Amber needs to go and if you would build ambitious that check back in 20 years you want to but I am advocating they you say we understand that building apps is broken today and that we can make it better that we can stand we can create another layer of abstraction there we can help people stand on our shoulders to build something even better original achieving that vision constant so that's where we're going Anatolia OK people say you crazy it really is not anyone nothing wrong with that maybe you are by the way many workers that's that's totally fine would have his visionary people working against it in every day we make a better were were coming in but every day it thank
you have a a chance to use chemists used here is that come the so that the plug-in and that they differ having this anemic often member of team thank you it's amazing uh the end of the
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Titel Closing Keynote: Reversing the River
Serientitel Ember Conf 2016
Autor Teich, Oren
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Unported:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen und nicht-kommerziellen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/34690
Herausgeber Confreaks, LLC
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
Sprache Englisch

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