The Outernet - A revolution, in reality

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3 talks reflecting on experiences of Shared Social Spaces and their impact on Entrepreneurship and Social Transformation in Egypt -- from Tahrir Square to Hubs, Hackerspaces, and Fab Labs. From case studies to Meta analysis -- in this hour we will explore the importance of Physical Spaces and the opportunities they create.
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if the the and and
I if we
everybody and due to a the change of the
wind you know some of you might be a bit confused of the thing about the U. S. EU their data protection reformism stage 1 and now we have here at the outer
next a presentation about the revolution which is not taking place online as we talked about many times found these days but taking place in the real world in Egypt and the Middle East and that he would like to welcome of because J. cousins antimony Newberry invited 5 handing a
few has is the mike over or do you might and water will be perfect in everybody you need cool so I'm a I'm going to be uh talking about what is happening in my region Middle East and North Africa over the last couple of years and how we experience incredible growth of uh not only in the physical world but also things that happen on the street uh and Kyra Tunisia in most of the North African region which I which I them in world uh as you probably know we maybe you don't we started the responsible in the middle east of 5 and a half years ago and it
was only me for 5 6 months for 5 6 months I was basically a in my home with the office of the working from the from home and now we have grown over the last couple of years and then with the type of
corporate my presentation is basically betting bit big on technology and the I honestly believe that technology has changed my life has changed the life of people around me and has made tremendous progress over the last couple of years in in my region and let me explain to you why from before about before I start I wanna talk to a little bit about global mission in the Middle East we probably are doing the same thing as anywhere in the world we would like to organize the information of the world and make it universally accessible at all devices uh when all languages uh 5 and half years ago
maybe 6 years ago when we started the search was not working properly you tube was not launched mobile Android believing that not exist in the Middle East so just to give you a perspective that my region is about 18 countries um 350 million people a few hundred million all of them are on mobile 100 million Internet users from the 110 right now all Internet users and and 56 million computers and and the do what what is staggering is that there a amount of mobile and smart devices that are basically coming in in the region we try to be very much local soul In the 1st year of our existence we worked very closely all with our
Arabic software engineers to localize search and make it with uh the Egyptians slang with the Moroccans land with the Tunisians land and we actually came up with what we call it didn't for will will this is a famous do from who uh uh and we started the SOS we start the basic the making sure that the Internet is touching everything that we do in our life uh there were 4 million people live in
egypt online in 2007 now we have about 35 million people sold incredible environment staggering growth there and is not a secret that we would all of a sudden 65 per cent of the population in our part of the world is less than 30 so the internet is basically she the these guys who walk in the Internet age we grew up with more violence with handheld
devices connected to the Internet we've we've done a study in Egypt uh saying that it proved that this 2nd most watched activity uh a while or sorry the the 2nd most uh dumb activity while while watching TV is actually searching online you what's this 1st most-watched acuity
or what's the 1st most activity is eating we we we actually er I like to watch TV and eat but the 2nd thing we like to do is actually search online a lot of Egyptian search online to basically make sure that what the PVC is correct so most of the stuff with the TV saying sometimes is not correct or a little bit out of context so on the internet has touched everything we do in our part of the world is a steps are entertainment or publishing of commerce our education or health care or travel how we consume information uh it's been an incredible force for good but what I want to talk to a little bit about is the untapped opportunity of the internet the economic value of the internet what we call the Internet economy in in in our part of the world a couple of months ago we published the study with Boston Consulting Group that shows actually that uh the Internet economy in Egypt represents about 2 per cent of the GDP this is compared to other things like health care transportation is actually a little bit more than transportation healthcare has is about 1 . 6 per cent of the GDP transportation is about 1 . 8 per cent of the GDP in the internet right now represents 2 per cent but what is incredible about this part of the world is the opportunity for growth is is really big and I want to focus on 3 specific things and economic impact how basically touches the life of the Internet and patch the life of millions and millions of small businesses just to give you an idea we have 2 1 a half just Egypt along 2 a half million registered company 19 million students my region has 149
194 million people and 49 of 49 many of them are our students students as in K 12 to university uh obviously the
export opportunity and uh the value that we can add to to people but if you if you look at the consumer trends what what's happening right now is especially after the revolution a yeah you'll basically right detects each of the last of the taxi person the driver what you know about the internet you would probably know Facebook he would not Twitter and you know you choose basically people even if they don't know how to read or write they ask their kids to basically put on you tube and watch the use of politicians watch pages of people who either of book series or the entertain them and their people comment people comment on the news people who have microphones uh as the slides uh suggests uh everybody has a big megaphone everybody has an opinion is a normal cycle that we're going through that people are basically expressing themselves and they want to be heard and so on if it's not a tube it doesn't exist this is 1 of people say uh I want a little bit to talk about some statistics of all of the Internet and just to give you an idea that 40 million Egyptians cannot freedom right so out
of 90 million people around 40 million people cannot be the right and we have
35 million online growing at 40 per cent we have 14 million queries per day 85 per cent of the people who are
basically used for online to start the journey with with the internet they basically search um and you tube has been a staggering staggering growth who grew from 2 million playback separately 240 million playbacks data but she all aspects of life not necessarily entertainment on but basically education health care how tool product reviews many many things and 20 per
cent of that's 2 of the search is actually come from or what 12 per cent of the term the the 40 million playbacks so few to our uh have grown 20 folds in the last 2 years and then we thought that maybe people are watching it all of a lot of entertainment and the uh we wanted to know who exactly is watching this and we commissioned uh tears do a study for us and just to give you an idea that it's about 60 40 between men and women the average U-tube user in Egypt has an age of 35 the majority as an income between 2 thousand to 5 thousand Egyptian pounds that this is
about 200 tool for 100 euros depending on who's counting and what's the exchange rate and 28 per cent of people watching you tube are vector watching it from the smartphones and from the uh from the of devices still TV is be TV huge when you look at TV alone if you have a hundred and 7 at 89 minutes of uh watch time per
day but the crazy thing is that accessing the Internet is 165 listing to reduce 87 and accessing the internet from mobile is actually 73 so if you had the 73 plus the 165 it actually gives you some more on time per day for people exiting the infinite and I'm not going about your typical Class a or Class B I'm talking about the whole population across the job if you actually know the exact IP maps so there is a the a lot of momentum happening in the Internet space
and OK now what
a I'm trying to move to the next slide but I guess this is the problem with Microsoft technology right the can we move to the next slide the the so OK working in the interest of the arrows wonderful anyway so what we have invented statistics about what's happening in the in the in the in the Internet world but I actually wonderful focus a little bit outside Egypt where there's more dispensable income there's and there are more people with dispensable income and I just wanna show you the staggering numbers of the mobile phones smartphones and even basic form penetration of using using the the mobile uh Saudi Arabia has the highest number of QQ playbacks per person period is literally 4 5 times higher than the US so the young people in
Saudi Arabia young people in Egypt have day jobs in the morning and the afternoon they sit in front of the mobile cameras and basically reporting it's we do arts do culture we do entertainment and obviously the do politics all the time but I guess there and I'm talking about uh U-tube channels private you to you to YouTube jobs with 100 million users 75 million users millions and millions of watched by so what I what what I'm trying to paint you is that it's all on been watching the news from here watching what's happening at worldwide you look at CNN you look at your normal TV channel you wouldn't understand what's happening in there on the streets of the Middle East because people are using our venting out using different different uh uh our method of communication I also want to quickly talk to about how we touch on different parts of the ecosystem and then i'll finish by saying what can we do together my idea of how can we basically use conferences like this venues like this to do better and bigger things for for the Indian people in each so so we work in a very interesting environment where we attach a lot of industries I guess we were very close to the advertising and I always say that advertising has been good to us we make some
good money from advertising but we also have a dedicated Arabic-speaking team of based in Dublin and Egypt that looks after the small and medium businesses so how to empower small and medium businesses with tools with technologies tool either save costs the cost or revenue we worked very closely with uh universities and academic institutions we actually have thousands of student Ambassadors across the Middle East we are extremely excited about having more and more of Arabic content I always give the example of a small country in Eastern Europe 0 Czech Republic that as 10 million people and there's more check content online then the whole Arabic content the Arabic or so the Arab world is around 350 million people which is about 4 and a half 5 per cent of the world's population but we have less than 1 % of the content of all online uh so we provide publishing platforms and platforms to encourage more and more Arabic content developer community outreach advertising agencies but the tool the tool very interesting uh uh areas where I think we can cooperate is an innovation and entrepreneurship then we signed an agreement with the Egyptian government a couple of years ago and we try to replicate across across the Middle East is that they basically invest money in advertising and we take 25 per cent of the money and we put it in a fund to encourage them in entrepreneurship and innovation we started by creating a business plan competition for a for or ups we toured the country from 14 thousand kids um uh know them to a thousand 250 20 and we basically gave 1 company 200 thousand dollars but we would never do beauty contest you know business by competition anymore but cost is just too high so we decided actually to do something very similar to you uh uh uh I have sort
uh uh uh technology absorb coworking spaces we we actually want both the business community and the knowledge community to get together in a physical place we are going to fund this place for 1 or 2 years and want to have a community manager and a facility manager that basically gets the space to be a vibrant cake co-working space where
VCs Angel investors students entrepreneurs uh um uh at academic institutions can come and and an even us and our competitors can come and uh uh sort of give sessions and encourage people we are launching our 1st uh uh or uh coworking space in a few weeks uh uh is still confidential of IMO that our camera but this is confidential uh but I'm probably very excited about this much more than growing the revenue of global in Egypt because it says it is a physical place that gets people together and if we can reach of tool more and more young entrepreneurs it would be extremely exciting to replicate this model across the country I am a firm believer that we should get out of Cairo Alexandria we should do this in the suburbs should do this in the rural areas who should actually be this across the Middle East and
there are some coworking spaces and but it's for the rich entrepreneurs people can afford to have you know a 4 dollar coffee while talking about entrepreneurship but it's not as exciting as something like this I don't know if you know about the campus among them to think the campus in London uh and uh uh with Egyptian twist so am I wanna finish by saying that um I only see opportunities uh call me a romantic called me a stupid guy I unfortunately only see opportunities uh in my region we have a small uh security problem we have a small energy problem is would be a tough summer and we have a small currency problem we've lost about 30 per cent of the value of the Egyptian pounds but I only see opportunities I only see young people who are hungry to learn more and more things uh I look about I look to the barriers to change rather the barriers to them then the barriers to entry and look at speed economics scuse technology inertia and I think that if we are about to crack something that is very interesting their problem 5 6 incubators coworking spaces accelerators of the country country if we can just in large this little bit we have 26 governor it's if we can do 26 of those over the next couple of years then we were sold a lot of things then what what is great
about of the real revolution is that although at this it was easy to do it's very hard to finish we never finished it I don't think it's uh will ever be finished it's a work in progress but at least that my generation uh where I was I only told tool mind my own business and they're basically and she at all which which means just walk next to the wall of uh and this is the water so I think you know and really in the meaning of all but my my generation has also seen something very interesting which is young people all want to break this 1 and although we think that there's a mobile revolution there's an internet solution but we had a really really
really evolution and and in in the country whether it's going to continue or not the technology and Internet represents
an incredible positive atmosphere where people only seeing the half full side of things and people are excited and I I invite you all to come to Egypt and then and then do this likely to live this this like this little girl who wears sunglasses uh different glasses of different colors because you see a completely different uh positive aspect of of the community uh I invite you all to come to my country but just be vigilant
uh make sure that you're safe and secure not in the summer at least maybe after the summer is going to be hot we also have Ramadan coming uh and look forward to working with all of you thank you thank you very much you
few it the get yeah and and the and what you and the and a and no this there we go right but so good afternoon people and my
name is Adam when you very and Italy guys about ice Cairo but all it'll be a story more than anything else hopefully and then it'll be a story of how we're riding this wave of post revolution Egypt just before I started to just let you know that was supported by GIZ them when incubated by an Egyptian NGO called not that my so so what we actually 1 of the projects have been incubated since the revolution so what happens when you get
capitalism globalization and dictatorship mixed together well you get the conditions that creates police brutality youth
unemployment poverty and hunger and related with these conditions on indeed is a
straw that breaks the camel's back and this is the guy cool-headed side he was um and activist he was trying to expose police corruption and as a result he was brutally murdered in public and was 1 of the reasons of the Revolution really kicked off so you know you've you've broken the camel's back and what you get is revolution so just look at
this just for a 2nd because you know was this was happening the Egyptian state media was saying that there was no 1 interferes with absolutely no 1 and this was reality um and this is really why be the
events became you know kind of taken over by people and that it became taken over through social media the so really you know
that Facebook and Twitter were really the birth of Egyptians of organization they really work you know that the military brass have no idea what Facebook wanted to work they had no idea that you could coordinate a revolution using Facebook and Twitter and you know they these guys were joking just didn't know that this could actually happen and and this really was the birth of Egyptian self-organization so if we talk about self organization you know have to get this picture you know it's it's really powerful you know the state media was telling people and they still tell people that on the ground in Egypt you have this massive sectarian divide between Muslims and Christians and this is just a weighted this but the reality is here you see Christians protecting Muslims during the Friday prayers you know you have people protecting people totally self-organized totally against what the status quo is telling you and this really is what happens when people get together so there's a local shift as a local shift in paradigm people started reclaiming the streets for the 1st time in their lives Egyptians felt truly Egyptian untrue he able to take care of the country you had spontaneous keynotes you had civilian roadblocks you have people taking care of the country and I tell you what guides in the 18 days before Mubarak said that Egypt was never cleaner it was never more organized and was never safer and this freak the hell out of the authorities because they thought they were the ones in charge and what they found out was that when the people find this strength a much stronger than a regime so it's it's really interesting because you know we have we talk
about this but people don't really understand what self-organization is likened to that experienced it's freaky it's really crazy you know you have so many things that happen on their own spontaneously and it's amazing to have been somewhere where there's this shift this paradigm shift as you feel the social subconscious you feel the people feeling each other and really starting to believe in a way that's my going you know it's something that you really have to experience and this is this is what happens is what happens when people you know this is what happens when the people organize the regime steps down I mean you can't there's no way that the regime
can handle that much energy and it wasn't just felt locally you ripples of the Revolution filtered out into the world in you head
movements like occupied totally inspired by young Egyptians and this some irony here because you know Egyptian spend most of their lives being inspired by the Western trying to be like the West and this is the 1st time that the West as being inspired by Egypt and you know Egyptians were really the talk of the town and I tell you what you know this really really made Egyptians even prouder to the Egyptians and started this really positive cycle of people loving where they are and being even so basically you've toppled the regime your young you've discovered your
strength your Egyptian proud of what to do next you know this is the future the firewall and the
botched step down and I remember thinking what are we gonna do next I mean you the bad guys going in revisions not finished of course but you know what makes what's next well known revolution then move
from Facebook from Twitter from the ether into the the square and from the square into the cleanups into the put civilian patrols and from there into the lines of norm Egyptians you know we started to have this wave of organizations you know farming initiatives robotics tech education suddenly everything was possible and everyone felt that they are the country again and that they should be part of that change so no this is really this this really created like this this vacuum in all of these initiatives springing up all these young Egyptians you'd never stood a chance of being able to do something they needed to be incubated and this is where the incubators came and so we have things like Startup Weekend we had coworking spaces start-up cups competition of friends and I mean this is what it was just talking about you know it that with Google was 1 of the things that really uh created that and this is something
this is about a rare instance where people from the ground state and needs and people from the top of the dresser and this is really how I strata was born you know I stroke and innovation Collaboration entrepreneurship was really born from these conditions was born from a need so I
scares the 3rd myself so the first one was in Addis out of the so called I is the 2nd 1 was in my mind in the bauhaus university ice powerhouse and now I have I so I start and what i scurry is is a green tech innovation hub so basically we focus on real world solutions on the ground and what we're trying to do is create jobs for young Egyptians in areas of sustainable so we want something that's really going to keep going we want something which we don't put them in a job in fossil fuels or you it really is about something that is ongoing and sustainable so if we talk about innovation Collaboration entrepreneurship and we talk about the Egyptian revolution the Egyptians have demonstrated that they can be
innovative here are some of the helmets of the Revolution we have recycling of upcycling and we have Mr. begets enough you can see in users
bread from it and and had I mean was during the slides yesterday the such a became and meaning of the Revolution were the means but this if this doesn't demonstrate innovation I really don't know what those end of perhaps it's done the same thing to me no
and collaboration and this is crazy guys this is an image of a field hospital that was spontaneously erected during the Revolution on its own it treated thousands of people they had ad hoc ambulance services which were basically motorbikes we put the wounded on the back story them to 1 of these places and they get treated this was organized by the people for the people it had nothing to do the authorities and authorities were trying to stop these guys working and they couldn't people ready to carry each other
entrepreneurship so you're in a revolution in the world is watching the authority over the regime and you know you need to let good you need to hit it good for the for this to happen really so feeling that 10 all data but in demonstration you need to go handle had gotten Shays fuel cleaning again and get back to your revolution so actually in the highest where I
mean I'm sure some of you then I know some and there's hundreds of businesses that arise during
evolution and if you 100 be someone serving food and if your favorite opposition leader was having a speech then you'd wanna sit down little cafe habitable that Turkish coffee this into the speech and it really became the speaker system where you go in and it was people policing the engine to the square it was people selling you things in the square and the police allowed and they have to stay out because that was the new rule and that's just the way it is so it this is what we
gonna buy stock we've created a space that's a coworking space and these some of the members of our community and we have high-speed Internet we've got the printers copies all the things that you would need to have your start-up functioning and we run a ton of events at the space we do things like graphic facilitation business skills we do workshops trainings and at the related we've another FabLab uh fabrication of oratory so we have a very cool machines like 3 D printers Print in 3
dimensions laser cutters that can cover almost anything we have seen the machines we actually had a CNC machine so big that if we can switch it on a would have not the floor down and so we have to get out of there quickly but with these machines with a power tools of the hand tools you can make almost anything and this is really what we do we prototype we make things about hands that can then be used on the ground this is an example of that
um this is the so toward the that we developed it's totally open source it costs about 200 dollars they can be made by anyone it's made from off-the-shelf parts uh this is us in the far south of Egypt just above that the border to them and this community has is off-grid most of integers of grades and they have diesel generators which power themselves but you can't get all the diesel because the government is in turmoil and the subsidies too much so these guys need a solution and and this is on the solutions this is in Arabic and English the manual and it will be eventually video we're working on that now to transcend literacy but this is 1 of the products that communities can build a great business of for themselves and also solar challenge we also
entrepreneurship and we do where basically creating an ecosystem with people and this is an example of the business Canvas model road show that we did with the c-th Africa and interventions I think has been banned here from motif Africa and this is why the examples of prototyping businesses like here but as part of a solar water heater whom I selling it to how Mike and that you know and it really is this this process that we're working on and you can't really talk about
entrepreneurship without without talking about responsible and inclusive business practices so we're working with another Gezer department to try and get existing organizations to behave responsibly to be inclusive in that business use and to encourage start-ups to really kind of absorb the principles of responsible inclusive business
so a lot of people ask us how you do you do well it's pretty simple the challenge the challenge can be accessed water access to energy you know anything that people are on the ground so the 1st thing you do is inform the community guys I've got a challenge would you distinguish do you collaborate these workshops to co-create you find solutions together and then when he found a couple solutions using Regan work you adapt them to the local context but very important was adopted them you choose 1 thing that you can stick with such a product and then from that stage you have 2 things you need to do 1 is work on the business model and the 2nd is to finish the physical port flight so in terms the prototype you build it the FabLab
or wherever you refine it the test that you find you tested into that something is actually working and then you're ready to incubate that products but at the same time the work out real market is what your cells plan is we at the mark so this is really the entrepreneurship ecosystem that we use with partners to try and the tree take this physical product that is the result of a challenge in the community and turn that into a green business this is our community this is 1 of the
events we had because it is come of our community is all some guys I mean if you follow the principles of of biodiversity and if you follow by an American permaculture you know that like diversity is resilience more diverse a set is more resilient to this and here we have people from entirely different backgrounds entirely different ages from all over Egypt's and really this events or civil society it's all government it's all academia it's or private-sector coming together to solve challenges as a unit and then turn these challenges into initiatives and from this we did a a couple of initiatives form and more importantly our overall community like the online community is several thousand people considering that ice cover has been around for about 6 months having 3 thousand people in a community ridiculous and this is really the the wave of energy that we're writing that's post-Revolution I mean everyone wants to do something and they wanted to with their hands and when a so that the charges that communities have and it really is this way that's really powering the movement forward the fact that our Hobbes we got we got a hub but in October is a physical space it's not
decorated it at all and that no 1 cares about that civil society doing events that all the time this workshop so all the time and the tree we don't know how to stop everyone so that we can decorate up so that we can then have a nice so it's a bit of a challenge it is so what are we
found well we found that yes we create a green jobs which is awesome we found that people loving events that the train that all the expertise is that we found that because of this more hubs in Egypt trying to emerge so we have ice Alex and that's just emerged we have 1 that's the deep south beautiful place but emerging and on the international level we have a whole bunch of hubs that want to come out we have Palestine and we have South Sudan I mean that's just as that we have Jordan I mean people everywhere saying well this is working so we wanna do the same thing and what we've also found is that there are challenges to what we're doing real challenges and I'm sure that the some of you guys from every lab so be aware of this but a lot of the time someone comes to 1 of our events and we say would you need and they say I need money and you ask them why and they don't know and you ask him how much they don't know and you ask them about their production costs they don't know you something to I don't know and eventually realize that guy doesn't need money by goes need money they did everything before the money they need all of the skills that will allow them to understand who they're selling to
wider selling and how much it costs and this is
something that maybe you guys can help us with we need to inspire the community with expertise and really like the other hubs of the best places to you know if a hub in Nairobi or a harbor in Kenya can teach us something that we can teach our community and again that's the resilience and others to a talking about we really need to multiply this effect because the combination and a few guys in the Global Innovation out land out there but that's really where the every Hobbes thing is happening in this is a whole bunch of different people with different experiences and you know you bring them all together you got something really magical that's happening so if we talk about the future well this is a future for us and this is
our uptown hub it's being built right now next to the airport it's 6 shipping containers very sexy you you walk into this and the year is 2018 and said you know it's kind of this is really where we're hoping to create a space for a community that inspires and to do
crazy cool things that solve things that's all times on the ground they can become businesses and we're really excited about this you know but will also really excited about in all the friends we've made at the Global Innovation lounge all the people that would be working with we really feel that you know being here Republican meeting each other and doing all of this stuff is really gonna add to so much more to what where so I'd like to thank you
Josette for bringing is here and I'd really like to thank Republic of having of and you know in the words of if there was a problem you sold has served piece
grab on the team after was 100 Lamont road ones over the sum is over here and the speak I satisfies bauhaus peace be to the other hubs everyone has got some really cool things that they can offer and the yeah but so
few and in the so survey is gonna have to watch me rather than any slides
30 reasons so 1 wants some computer problems to I'm talking about stuff in a real world suffers more important and free Adams already covered quite a lot of the things that I wanted to say it's and so I'm going to be making it up as I go along and were really fascinates me about all of this and transfer these new behaviors and things that kind of emerging is how much passion and energy and drive there is and how much desired there is really to form communities and build spaces and create spaces so that people can actually address their own problems locally so they can empower themselves economically that they can learn from 1 another they can generate their own income streams making generate and businesses and there's there's a lot of passion coming out of this not just in the in in the African region on the Middle Eastern region but also across the whole world we're also seeing these kind of behaviors emerge from very different maybe economic and social logical context but co-working space movement FabLabs movement hackerspaces movement although the spaces are to a degree sharing and part of the same make up they might have a very different process and a very different approach some of them the coming at it from the perspective of and creating entrepreneurship and create new business models and using that as an opportunity for social in 9 a whilst if you look at the more western models lower actually looking more collaborative consumption and alternative models of existence in response to our economic climate that ultimately they're coming at the same coal stuff is messed up how do we come together and fix it how do we actually address these problems ourselves as communities how do we come together and together actually build something that helps us get to where we want to be and that's what I find really interesting about these spaces and that's the media kernel and I'm aware that I'm talking about a lot of different diverse spaces so on misrepresent anybody please call out bullshit at some point all 3 3 challenge because these really Fulton process and I'm
just making this up as I get this so please bear with me but this ecosystem has the shared after attributes that I've been talking about those so that this aspect of diversity the picked up on on the ecosystem itself is diverse that all prototyping new ways of working in new ways of collaboration new ways and means of social empowerment and we have a lot that we can actually learn between these spaces by from the individuals that the coming into them but also from the help managers in the hot leaders
when we bring this knowledge together and explore we to these abridging spaces that bring together different cultures different religions differ minorities people from businesses and years local grassroots organizations people the impoverished people that well there really create an opportunity for the shared planning and share their environments and I think this is the 1 of the most important things that the space often is this opportunity for peer learning and learning together because ultimately this is 1 of the biggest challenges that we have right now is education mind-set thoughts as you alluded to people coming in without a general awareness even of what they don't know that they don't know what they don't know how they get to the point where their entrepreneurial if they have to actually unpick analyze an assassin tried approach learn together so we have a fundamental problem with the education system both within the West
and also within within the African continent that the whole world actually had I mean there's a working educational model right now for the world that we live in it's so disruptive and changing so swiftly and so quickly that the the old paradigm just does not work and this was designed to create very modular structures of fitted into a system which is based on an industrialized society where we were called in the machine this is changed massively now we need to adapt to we need to change how we actually engaged in the active learning and I think this is 1 of the opportunities created From the spaces we also
need to change what were actually exploring in terms of literacy and because any 1 of the things that observed and based in Egypt and also from the feedback I've had and from the other spaces of told to this these key aspects actually that that are required for collaboration for example and opens and and how we actually open people up new things are only experiential that something I can tell you I mean I can tell you that you better get ourselves great KP by you have to actually experience what it means and you have to actually experience what it is to work in those environments in order to actually change of mind and change of behavior and this is also what interests me on learning from 1 of the other spaces we're working with as I Alex and and reality is not just working with entrepreneurs and postgraduates there was the working backwards so they're actually going into schools and they're working with schools and actually developing their own entrepreneurial pipeline and this is 1 of the things that we really have to address the spaces I think it's very important to consider is where actually act and infrastructures that we need in order to maximize benefit and policies infrastructures as well as being able to move around so for inquiry getting stuff from a to B being able to access materials and parts and being able to evaluate the local ecosystem and see what you have developing forms of material and physical literacy so you can actually engage with the world around you rather than engaging in only through a verbal means of communication we have tools to develop the means of being able to pick up the material again and play with it now understand how to make it we need to know how to interact with 1 another as individuals we need to develop emotional literacy and these these are things that can really only be practiced and acquired in the in the real world the Internet helped us prototypes some behaviors of share it helped us prototype some behaviors of working in collaboration with ultimately a lot of these things are physical human intuitive things we forgot having focused on a more conventional form of literacy of reading writing arithmetic so skills are an issue and items and issues in education
solutions and we need to really focus I think on these attributes and explore where I have no idea of how long it takes and can somebody keep time as well so and I think as hubs we have to look at us from the perspective of how we actually focus on digits this education and on learning how we inoculate implicants
thank you and have had inoculate the the youth against bad ideas and
how we inoculate them against being closed-minded and accepting their culture that is around them accepting the norms of society we we need to really addresses because if we don't address problems sees the fundamental underlying issues the spaces can provide infrastructures they can provide tools you can bring CNC machines you can bring that last and you can provide access to entrepreneurial global networks but unless we have the mental and emotional skills and unless the that the people that are working in these countries developing helps the communities around the subs have these mental emotional and physical skills to actually engage with these opportunities to take these opportunities than these opportunities aren't going to go in the direction that we would like so I think this is really a fundamental thing we have to explore and I Adam already highlighted there's a massive opportunity here and now with these hubs coming together and it's been a real learning experience and the mere nothing is actually a couple of other people who should be up here and talking about these issues such as J P and Stefania various you guys I've spoken to over the course of the weekend have because say 190 representing my culture and where I'm coming from but we have this opportunity to learn from 1 another and migrate knowledge so where do we take this I think 1 of the opportunities we have is actually to look at how we can package uh content but also package experiences and opportunities to create experiences because if we really to learn we need to create as provocations and these opportunities for 1 this is what excites me about the shameless plug and work that we're doing with that academia and because of the way that Stefania works and she gives people the opportunity and the tools and resources to lend themselves I think this is also what spaces and enabling spaces do very well and very effective way you create an opportunity for people to expose themselves and given the provocation but also providing certain kids and tools and resources so that you can begin with point of inspiration so in this instance for developing a kit that will allow people and allow children to learn about air quality by building their own air quality sensors and from that they can engage not only in topics and skills so themselves engaging with data engaging the Web but also engaging with their environment they start to ask questions on environment where this leave more opportunities to screen this is 1 way we can look at and we can also look at how we migrate to the other knowledge that business in a box the learning content so that we can take what works in 1 space and look at how we can adapt it local but we have to recognize as we do this that we have to adapt locally we have to understand 1st we have to listen we have to work with the people that building the communities the star in the crossroads can't to stop and go OK CNC machine here FabLab here um dropping a drop in a computer into the middle of nowhere hope somebody knows how to use it you really need to understand what resources and tools from ground so I I think Jay Keyser persuasive 15 % of the the country in Tanzania has electricity so like when you when you're addressing these issues of
Internet and the Web of machine tools and everything else you need to really look and understand like what's that what's working how people working and this is also where I think the hubs provided valuable interface is that they're this points that points of interaction the points where we can learn from them we can understand what we can do together with which to do anything we have to do it together most not OK somebody just stop me if I
need to know the tenants questions surely the other thing I think is we have to look at how we move this further how we move beyond spaces if we're looking at spaces as enabling learning environments how do we actually take it beyond the space themselves I had 1 great quote over the course of the this the warm-up meeting which was if you're focusing on the space you're in danger of becoming a glorified land another great statement was had we build neighborhoods so how do we look at the infrastructures that already exist how we look at the schools universities libraries these p hat is the behaviors that we're migrating its content when migrating opportunities that we create so how do we hacked existing spaces how do we change as she into entrepreneurial cafe we're learning about how do we actually engage with the larger public framework to really shape reality because when we build spaces we we also do we create a safety net for ourselves we create a very safe public into which we can engage in this to begin with is a very powerful things but at the same time if a really to have a larger impact we need to start pushing outwards and looking at how we can build neighborhoods and for the guys to the staying all for the Torah Berlin you get the opportunity to actually experiences directly with the make plants so if you look at Berlin actually this is really a thriving ecosystem that is not 1 space it's multiple and we don't see content as independent we don't see learning as independent we just see spaces opportunities to access 1 another and this I think is also working very well in Cairo revise Cairo that the content is being applied in different spaces so funny coterie for example he's taking workshops on composting on biogas and he's running these in all of the different hops with in Cairo so that everybody has the opportunity to access the content because you can't always travel downtown unless you want to spend 2 hours and stuck in traffic if you're lucky and so this content migration is a real opportunity for sharing and learning and moving forward together I think these are the things that we also need to look at how we can explore explore how to move forward but I think primarily there is a tremendous opportunity now emerging arises as we start to address our own problems by hacking or interfaces building our own spaces in creating our own spaces together and we're seeing the corporate world get involved in this this get involved like projects like can suffer loss and on in Las Vegas where actually regenerating an entire area and community spaces are an aspect of this the social value is becoming recognized but we also have to take care as we bring such people in and large organizations jump on this bandwagon find somebody else a thing is you again that you know and and when you jump on the bandwagon if you're a large organization you're in danger of breaking the
axes and I think this is a really good it's an analogy you have to look at how people are moving in the direction of that going in and then look how you can empower them and move them forward the you have to also be aware as an organization of your own faults neuron fools neuron problems neuron infrastructures and show the interfacing with the spaces you don't end up holding them back from where they go look at how you can create a rate look at how you can build the right ahead of that don't jump on the wagon to really take care of so I think there's tremendous opportunities here for building neighborhoods and packing culture as a whole and I think there's a massive amount of opportunity for change and I really look forward to continuing discussions with everybody from the after a lapse of global innovation networks come and looking at what we can and who was shot at noon taking questions from some few no time for questions or in the brain any questions provocations disagreements shouts of bullshit the hello represented fairly OK so funny you had a question
the he he had all the
resources in the world tomorrow or maybe you could go and kick start maker have sorry call it problems whenever you want to call them in in Africa what would you do and I think if I had all the resources in the world tomorrow they would actually a very dangerous thing and and I
think this is really the the the the key thing I'm trying to focus on is that when you have too much you have no creative constraint you have abundance we have more operating capacity on our computer now and we have a date what we do we fit with operating system so that the computers no faster or more adaptive than it was before I fundamentally believe that what we have to look at this how we see how we learn how we engage with our environment and our ecosystem and as a as a as a case in point um there a large amounts of the e-waste all over all over Africa yet we're looking at shipping in electronics that are inaccessible and we don't have the logistical infrastructures of people again we will not renounce and this is just creating the same problem with a dependency we need we need look all was a way I mean I'm happy to help but this is merely a provocation as wave from a global perspective but we need to look at using what we have within our environment to build the things that we need and to build the things that we want not build the things to the shining or by 2 things the shiny and if we really to adapt of problems this is a way of seeing what's how we read our environment and is adapting the principles of permaculture and applying it to the to the urban landscape applying it to the to the waist and need the education and human capacity and these are all the things that we need to and we need to clearly apply what we have to what we need and and use these behaviors effectively and and I think all of the capacity or resources in the world won't help us unless we know you and learn how to think critically and how to actually engage with the world for me and that's why I really like about project is it gives people the opportunity to get um and all of its nodes crater provocation you give people the opportunity to learn for themselves you don't you call necessary teach these things you can only experience and practice so many things you said yes that and stretch the muscles and we have to start stretching and exercising on mental muscles and all physical muscles rather than running towards technology and running away from ourselves as humans because this is I think that a dangerous paradigm is not going to lead us where we need to get the thanks
I'm wondering if you had a problems with the political acceptance especially in Egypt with so much stuff in flux if this be maybe some backlash opposition or and mistrust perhaps what you guys are doing I think there is that there
is this and certainly when I started talking to people in Alexander engaging the hackerspace refuse community for example there's a mistrust of large outside organizations and and NGO and and this is something that we also have to be aware of is that cultural baggage that we carry with us represents the normalization and in terms of the the political system it's small destructive I think in terms of not being able to work in the space because the revolution taking place and and this is the the main thing I think was the Wall St what I'm saying is and is political and what spaces do are political where we focused on actions rather long conversations and dialogs were not how industry shouting about we need this instead it's more giving people the opportunity to acquire for themselves so it to a degree there's a degree of stealth that and but I can't say personally I've experiencing any problems with it but I'm on disconnected white guy uh from this perspective and so it might be better to ask Adam all know about those experiences so the guys in and in analysis the personally it's more the inconvenience of not being able to go into space you haven't had a them
so OK any other questions I think we're done anyway thank you very much like to search a guys thanks a lot for these perspectives on how to make a difference in the real
world I think maybe you can needs if you have more questions you can meet outside for a minute so we can have a short break just 7 minutes Spearman quest signal composite always on the link but I get flat a diet book off there often is all of this discussion but I
thank my child and and a