3D Printing: (How) can we make it a third industrial revolution?

Video thumbnail (Frame 0) Video thumbnail (Frame 1326) Video thumbnail (Frame 2634) Video thumbnail (Frame 3703) Video thumbnail (Frame 4965) Video thumbnail (Frame 6294) Video thumbnail (Frame 8455) Video thumbnail (Frame 9884) Video thumbnail (Frame 11466) Video thumbnail (Frame 13175) Video thumbnail (Frame 14412) Video thumbnail (Frame 15716) Video thumbnail (Frame 17123) Video thumbnail (Frame 18365) Video thumbnail (Frame 20074) Video thumbnail (Frame 21664) Video thumbnail (Frame 23429) Video thumbnail (Frame 26406) Video thumbnail (Frame 28914) Video thumbnail (Frame 30444) Video thumbnail (Frame 32986) Video thumbnail (Frame 34399) Video thumbnail (Frame 39439) Video thumbnail (Frame 40549) Video thumbnail (Frame 43966) Video thumbnail (Frame 45525) Video thumbnail (Frame 46900) Video thumbnail (Frame 49507) Video thumbnail (Frame 52092) Video thumbnail (Frame 54772) Video thumbnail (Frame 58914) Video thumbnail (Frame 61876) Video thumbnail (Frame 63851) Video thumbnail (Frame 66606) Video thumbnail (Frame 67939) Video thumbnail (Frame 71573) Video thumbnail (Frame 73763) Video thumbnail (Frame 76610) Video thumbnail (Frame 78229) Video thumbnail (Frame 79374) Video thumbnail (Frame 83949)
Video in TIB AV-Portal: 3D Printing: (How) can we make it a third industrial revolution?

Formal Metadata

3D Printing: (How) can we make it a third industrial revolution?
Title of Series
Number of Parts
CC Attribution - ShareAlike 3.0 Germany:
You are free to use, adapt and copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in adapted or unchanged form for any legal purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor and the work or content is shared also in adapted form only under the conditions of this license.
Release Date

Content Metadata

Subject Area
The promise of a 3D printing revolution has to be proved. To make it a revolution, we have to deal with some uncomfortable questions first. For some, it is 3D printing. For others, it is open source. For others, it's digitization, or it is the power of networks, or disruption from below. They all are right. For many years now, different kind of people claim that 3D printing will revolutionize our world. But 3D printing is still time consuming and costly. That's why proponents of 3D printing tend to compare the development of 3D printers with the development and distribution of personal computers. Regardless these technical matters, 3D printing raises questions that go far beyond: To what extent is independence of mass production possible? And if, could 3D printing be more sustainable than mass production?
Graph (mathematics) Multiplication sign Electronic mailing list Set (mathematics) Bit Right angle Evolute Mereology Surface of revolution Neuroinformatik
Group action Computer-generated imagery Video game Perturbation theory Bit Bit rate Evolute Surface of revolution Surface of revolution Virtual machine Frequency Blog Googol Blog Labour Party (Malta) Videoconferencing Process (computing) Videoconferencing Resultant
Electronic mailing list Food energy Evolute Surface of revolution Power (physics) Reading (process) Surface of revolution
Different (Kate Ryan album) Bit Food energy Surface of revolution Perspective (visual) Power (physics) Surface of revolution
Slide rule Electric generator Forcing (mathematics) Disintegration Computer Planning Food energy Mereology Surface of revolution Food energy Power (physics) Theory Surface of revolution Web 2.0 Mathematics Arithmetic mean Telecommunication Phase transition Telecommunication 5 (number)
Shift operator Information Open source Surface of revolution Evolute Food energy Surface of revolution Mathematics Internetworking Telecommunication Term (mathematics) Internetworking Telecommunication Physical system
Shift operator Closed set Multilateration Mass Surface of revolution Shift operator Power (physics) Word Root Different (Kate Ryan album) Hierarchy Self-organization Video game Self-organization
Area Slide rule Enterprise architecture Scaling (geometry) Surface of revolution Shift operator Food energy Power (physics) Centralizer and normalizer Estimator Telecommunication Chain Self-organization
Length Virtual machine Online help Multilateration Surface of revolution Food energy Surface of revolution Revision control Internetworking Software Telecommunication Analogy Hierarchy
Data management Mathematics Game controller Theory of relativity Internetworking Surface of revolution Information technology consulting Surface of revolution Thermoelectric effect
Computer icon Logistic distribution Surface of revolution Computer icon Information technology consulting Data management Type theory Chain Mathematics Data management Chain Data structure Musical ensemble Data structure
Mobile Web Transportation theory (mathematics) Logistic distribution Interior (topology) Numbering scheme Mass Multilateration Surface of revolution Evolute Revision control Hierarchy Chain Chain Data structure Data structure Physical system
Mobile Web Dialect Software developer Interior (topology) Mass Evolute 19 (number)
Distribution (mathematics) Thread (computing) Scaling (geometry) Neighbourhood (graph theory) Interior (topology) Electronic mailing list Mass Data structure Surface of revolution Social class
Goodness of fit Service (economics) Quicksort Client (computing) Mass Modem
Web page Service (economics) 3 (number) Surface of revolution Mereology Machine vision
Classical physics Shift operator Building Programming paradigm Physical law Virtual machine Bit Mereology Cartesian coordinate system Surface of revolution Product (business) Causality Bridging (networking) Different (Kate Ryan album) Computing platform
Shift operator Scaling (geometry) Interior (topology) Multiplication sign Keyboard shortcut Virtual machine Materialization (paranormal) Shape (magazine) Cartesian coordinate system Product (business) Order (biology) Quicksort Object (grammar) Spacetime Physical system
Time zone Shift operator Stapeldatei Theory of relativity Scaling (geometry) Arm Query language Mass Species Client (computing) Product (business)
Point (geometry) Word Service (economics) Matching (graph theory) Materialization (paranormal) Virtual machine Data storage device Staff (military) Student's t-test Extension (kinesiology) Product (business)
Multiplication sign Moment (mathematics) Virtual machine 1 (number)
Point (geometry) Multiplication sign Image resolution Range (statistics) Materialization (paranormal) Student's t-test Product (business) Power (physics) Attribute grammar Fluid statics Different (Kate Ryan album) Videoconferencing Social class Constraint (mathematics) Software developer Surface Moment (mathematics) Expression Bit Line (geometry) Surface of revolution Frame problem Type theory Process (computing) Moving average Quicksort
Open source Mass Quicksort
Metre Point (geometry) Service (economics) Arm Digitizing Virtual machine Product (business)
Inflection point Arm Term (mathematics) Software developer Digitizing Expression Moment (mathematics) Right angle
Point (geometry) Area Digitizing Surface of revolution Resultant
Decision tree learning Area Digitizing Real number Multiplication sign Range (statistics) Physicalism Mereology Category of being Personal computer Representation (politics) Object (grammar) Quicksort
Point (geometry) Process (computing) Vector space Software developer Data storage device Data center Representation (politics) Quicksort Object (grammar) Musical ensemble Computing platform Product (business)
Axiom of choice Default (computer science) Focus (optics) Open source Multiplication sign Execution unit Shared memory Data mining Digital photography Computer configuration Personal digital assistant Statement (computer science) Videoconferencing Pattern language Quicksort
Point (geometry) Axiom of choice Game controller Open source Multiplication sign Decision theory Physical law Virtual machine Power (physics) Product (business) Twitter Different (Kate Ryan album) Computer configuration Business model Game theory Quicksort Freeware
Regulator gene Different (Kate Ryan album) Cellular automaton Mereology Computing platform
Frequency Bit rate Regulator gene Planning Speech synthesis Freeware Mereology Twitter
Area Word Term (mathematics) Different (Kate Ryan album) Multiplication sign Telecommunication Linearization Quicksort Surface of revolution Number
Skeleton (computer programming) Programming paradigm Software Term (mathematics) Software developer Phase transition Surface of revolution
Inheritance (object-oriented programming) Open source Virtual machine Water vapor Mass Mereology Surface of revolution System call Product (business) Arithmetic mean Computer configuration Quicksort Social class
Complex (psychology) Expression Surface of revolution Cartesian coordinate system Semantics (computer science) Attribute grammar Product (business) Word Goodness of fit Mathematics Single-precision floating-point format Video game Integer Cycle (graph theory) Quicksort
Mathematics Personal digital assistant Telecommunication Data storage device Microcontroller Surface of revolution Mereology Product (business)
Shift operator Centralizer and normalizer Software Artificial neural network Hierarchy Data structure Multilateration Surface of revolution Computer icon
Multiplication sign Virtual machine Cartesian coordinate system
Covering space Assembly language Open source Multiplication sign Cellular automaton Moment (mathematics) Virtual machine Set (mathematics) Bit Coma Berenices Repetition Mereology Sphere Radius Different (Kate Ryan album) Website Reading (process)
Directed set
without a check home shame and
a yeah remotely
yeah I think the timing is is the set of the printing how graph are going to make it the 3rd Industrial evolution we have a hand especially on 1st there will be an introduction by the computer parts never miss a research
professor at the University of Applied Sciences from Rotterdam will talk a bit more about what these people do later in but on the money before was also with us on the panel minus Philip stuff on them list of features introduction to the topic of the panel discussion and later we have a Q & a for your questions OK thank is of rights the morning parliament
so that's me and I'm a reason assessing Rotterdam action on the topic of the 3rd Industrial evolution and what I want to do of briefly right now is the so
so the background when I talk about industrial revolution what I mean by the industrial revolution on if we look at Google and that of a few months ago are googling for industrial revolution I find over 12 million results 1 and a half million blogs 17 million videos and a bit over 500 discussions so on certainly there is uh something going on uh regarding this industrial revolution and I was hoping to has is flying in a few books which is not happening
right now so are there we go on that's so Odesta reading list on that I was consulting when are preparing uh investigation into the 3rd Industrial evolution on you see there
that the list dates back this list dates back to 2005 are would be Gaussian felt professor and IT talking by the coming revolution new desktop the uh the the topical found the founding of fabrication laboratories on actually if we lived cannot so uh what psychologists and other various sociologists of looked out in the 19 eighties
nineties we can already see some of the topics that I'll be addressing
this uh short coming up on my main reference our stimulus can 2011 talk about the 3rd Industrial emission I go into a bit more detail later on some you might have read or heard of Chris Anderson's of makers again this talk about the new industrial allusion is coming from a from a different perspective than Jeremy genome is an economist so he's looking at me a common economic issues happening in society by Ni are Chris Anderson but as you know was with Make magazine is now doing more on stuff he really thinks that that the maker movement is the industrial revolution and I'm gonna briefly explain to you
why not well ask analyst Peter Marsh but Peter Marsh works for of financial planes in the UK and to In his
theory on web C hats or we were part of a 5th Industrial revolution now whether don't have on slide here is we're here in Germany the German industry strongly believes that they are in their force uh revolution but let me explain why I think together with
generative can on that we actually are in the 3rd Industrial his main see is that
the great pilots all economic changes in world history have occurred when the energy regimes converge with new communication regimes so what does that mean
yeah so let's look at the
1st Industrial Revolution according to generate can this saying in the 19th century we have 2 major changes in technology 1 change was in in the media industry in in in information with the invention of the automatic printing press watched the media made it uh extremely cheap and easy to distribute newspapers and in the in the energy sector there was a steam-powered technology those things roughly happened at the same time so that led to that 1st industrial revolution the 2nd Industrial evolution according to risk in in the 20th century was the the proliferation of lecture communication particularly telephone and radio and uh Joyo of prior combustion engine in terms of of energy systems and the 3rd Industrial Revolution now and 21st century on when we look at communication that's a no-brainer but that's the Internet invented some 40 years ago which is a major change to communication and information infrastructures without the internet we wouldn't be here and in terms of energy it's that the shift from traditional energy sources to renewable energy sources the now
there is 1 fundamental difference between the 1st 2 investor revolutions and the 3rd Industrial Revolution and engineers can phrase it like that the conventional
top-down organization of society that
characterized much of the economic social and political life of the false you'll the fossil fossil-fuel-based industrial revolution is giving way to distributed and collaborative relationships in the emerging green industrial era when the mass of a profound shift in the way society is structured away from hierarchical power and toward lateral power and elect Jeremy on from a close friends that's happened roughly a year ago in Brussels are explained in his own words on what he means by that this is about the this is the democratization of con we're having a I that here in case on the trying to
start again it's power in the this is the democratization of income this has huge implications for small and medium-sized
enterprises and vise that of over and a lot of them are problems as well the 1st and 2nd industrial revolution scale because the energies will be their expensive centralized communication expenses that have a lot of financial capital to put the structure in that we need to scale vertically was centralized batteries centralized supply chains centralized just a national markets and national governments to regulate the 1st and 2nd industrial revolution the 3rd Industrial Revolution doesn't scale over the next slide it's a new chapter for the estimation use of a lot of consumers it scales lack so so that's areas can you can look it up on the use of
website Mario on so again 1st and 2nd Industrial Revolution centralized
are hierarchical structures particularly with uh the energy regimes but also with the collocation regimes of 3rd Industrial Revolution lateral network and we see that with the i can machines that are described uh those 3 revisions apparently uh ýike machine of the 1st industrial revolution was the steam engine the i can engine off the 2nd industrial revolution is did to you know that the those automatic conveyor belt and obviously the I machine off the 3rd Industrial erosion and that then length what we're discussing today uh to to the title of the session like a machine of the 3rd Industrial Revolution is the 3 D printer I have a couple of more analogies to our help understand what this shift from hierarchical to lateral prior remains a look
at the i controls the I control in the 1st Industrial Revolution
apparently was the capitalist guy control of the 2nd industrial revolution this in my opinion the management consultant and the whole the whole here a story of of scientific management is a typical thing that was driven by the 2nd industrial revolution there there the I can uh role of the 3rd Industrial Revolution is the pro Sumer maker and again ah it's not to presume makers that that are driving the industrial revolution as it's not the 3 D printers that are driving the industrial Revolution it's changes in the economy and in society that are driving the relations but these are
these are the icons that help us to understand the changes that we encounter in the 3rd Industrial Revolution so
again geyken Xin steam engine conveyor belt 3 D printing capitalist management consultant makers at the structure used to be hierarchical in the 1st and 2nd Industrial Revolution it becomes lateral in and the 3rd 1 interesting to look at supply chain supply chains in the 1st and the solution were mainly colonial like uh the the the brakes going going to be in these the dutch going to to the music stature in the 2nd Industrial Revolution
supply chains started to became a to become global and uh you know everything we buy comes from China and that type of thing on on that do that growth of of intercontinental logistics quiz and
in the 3rd Industrial Revolution with lateral structure probably this this global
arrangement of logistics is not feasible anymore and and also looking at looking at at sustainably issues of global supply chains could become problematic looking at global conflicts global supply chains could become uh problematic so I expect that in the 3rd Industrial evolution supply chains will move back to continental regional schemes and we already see that happening transport is another
interesting uh topic where I end up with a couple a question marks at for the 3rd Industrial Emissions apparently in the 19th century there will a system was the big of highway for for logistics and transportation and the 2nd Industrial Revolution is the altar mobile and air travel became prominent we don't know yet what will be the
solution to transport in the 3rd Industrial elution some people believe it's electromobility I don't believe that so I'm not and on the same uh but uh him she'd sing from the same hymn sheet as say that that the German government they strongly believe dialect mobility will ever be the mode of transport in the 3rd Industrial evolution I don't think so and other development where we don't actually know where we're going is when we look at cities 19th century we have those industrial inner cities cried AIDS Diuk Smokey and that 12 in the 20th century 2nd industrial illusion the big move into suburbia the big dream of suburbia which um the latest in 2008 started to to to you to collapse we don't know yet what's going to
happen to cities in 3rd industrial emissions we do know that sooner or later
half of the global population live in cities but what does that do to see is we don't know yet similarly social structures the 19th century was dominated
by this issue of the working class the 20th century the the the middle class emerged and became a rather stable St. thread 20th century again that has come to the to striking and of the lake after income distributions globally and and developed developed countries we don't know
what will be the iconic class of the 3rd Industrial Revolution maybe it's a creative class I don't know how and looking at consumption uh to to finish off that list so a we have like yeah low scale um neighborhoods uh consumers in the 19 said uh century the 1st Industrial Revolution the invention of
mass consumption is a thing of the 2nd industrial revolution and in the 3rd 1 where we're certainly moving towards what people call the prose humor on the and the working client so these kind of things whether that's good about is it is a different thing but certainly and that sort of to finish off to link back to due to the discussion within a half on is that the Eicon Technology 3 D printing on
the nice thing talking about at the beginning has now reached the consumer market and and prose humors are
starting to be able to make and print their own self and I think that's where we want to know take off with the discussions thank you few modems things better than articulate services Session 3 D printing considered
how can we make it a 3rd Industrial Revolution um yeah uh I guess I'll introduce everyone again probably you seen Professor Peter truckload his research professor in Amsterdam and the the
since researching this the solution and ultimately the folder sitting next to musical form of codeable and start up maybe you'll see that if you said about that at we offer a printing services for everyone so what pages just said in this and it's in this talk now we're changing and the consumer small to process humors so everyone can take part in creating things and this is our vision and this is what we want to provide to people so and my and I'm I start was called Trinkle and we want to offer to you all 3 D printing so that you don't have to own your own the print and you can and use of printing service or you can find interesting stuff on marketplace and and what is even more important for me is that you can get into contact that you can discuss about
designs and about products because this is very important in my opinion that we don't just and consumed
what there is from some large companies but we all can participate in 2 and creating all the stuff we really want so may we can start with this idea of the maker of the consumer so that you kind of person who is the consumer or the maker in this context because on your platform for example you have 2 kinds of people you have designers selling their stuff and you have people buying it so what what's the role of of these people in this in this new idea yeah in the classic role cause it's that the designer to create of a product and puts a lot a lot of effort into thinking what the product of the and and what the consumers might want and maybe he tries to find out what the consumers want by doing some market research and so on but this is quite indirect they couldn't communicate until now at about 3 and tangible products and now the role of the consumer on our platform is small that 1 you can interact with the designers just ask them something like a could you change the design of this and that a little bit and could you put my name on this and law I knew this was special purpose so we want to kind of and build bridge between designers and consumers so that they can really communicate the but with um so maybe there is that that so this big headline of the tortoise the printing 1st we just thought was just a part of this revolution it's not like the machines will start as revolutions rather part of of paradigm shift so what exactly I mean I talk about this last year showed some consumer 2 D and 3 D printing machines but we're talking about a lot of different applications expertise can 1 of you sort of like I believe sort of out what we have no this 2 thousand EUR machines that everybody so
it's supposed to bind the way I don't know if they would do that this very large the industrial machines are with this sort of like influence but the small shift what I mean 3 D
printing has been with us for quite a while some 20 25 years so it's not that I know this will be this kind of groundbreaking technology that just has been invented or order parachuted in from outer space on industrial applications for for 3 D printing because of the cost of machines that that the the cost of of printing time the cost of materials has so far been are pretty limited to you on prototyping are 2 2 production off artistic objects on to very specific applications to gain medical sector on why in the medical sector of everybody amongst us is different and if you think of of implants you actually have to fit the implant to the individual person so you you all the time in a in a in a production system where you only want to produce 1 thing so it doesn't really matter by or if you don't really get the economies of scale of off like on producing hundreds of thousands of spoons k-TSP are all the same shape and size but implants every
times difference so this traditional manufacturing has always been are preoccupied by economies of scale producing many things of the same that's also in relation to to mass
consumerism so the printing is best suited to produce batches of 1 or batches of a few maybe maybe 10 maybe 50 maybe 100 but certainly not thousands and 10 thousand and 100 thousand so the shifts to the to the pros human to to shift to more empowerment arm of of the and client the shift that the client that gets more to say about the product that she or he once it is exactly that precede which pursue shift query where where it's required to have individualized products to use the coming back to that species of batches of 1 and suddenly 3 D printing becomes
interesting of course there's there's a lot of questions to be solved but materials and making it used to preserve the acceptor are
more sustainable and so on and so on but but that's basically the match between the the shifted consumerism and the 3 D printing technology yeah that's that's completely true and and watch them many people don't know when they read about 3 printing and that everyone can now I have a few print and produce great staff that it's and now only half true because the and printers you can buy for yourself there really cool there really fun to use I have 1 myself and but if you want something that is in quiet a little bit like what you can buy in the store then at least until now you still and just have to use their professional industry printers and this is something which I think is quite important that an consumers get access to this technique to really and get prose humors in this way because if we if we can just make toys for ourselves to this even more limited tool and what extent can use this week printing so the idea I mean make about this stuff like this this on magazines for everybody assumes these machines will and almost but but I guess what what you're saying is these machines of other tools for learning how this new technology words and then something else will probably happen in a different place them in your company basic prints on professional machines amidships of 2 people so yesterday in the talk about or put the design student presented a product and she said we only have access to this point print of the make up what so she had to go to a different service
so this was a very very serious thing because at the moment I think that the media we always get presented the make about because of looks so nice and its shining they put colored lights
on that and in fact they tell you about what you can do your you partly body with that but there's some kind of something missing green so the idea I get us that these machines may be our only something on the way that will come after that so in the maker but it's not the future but rather tool for getting there may be yeah and I think it depends on how we use them on printers Willie wall of course and allow there's a a blast gap between these and home use printers and the professional ones but of course the gap persists and getting smaller and smaller because the home Prentice get better and then of course there at the same time they get more expensive and and the provision of printers and they have to have some of them in some and printers that are not so expensive
and yet they they get to I don't know maybe 8 thousand euros and the really new good and make about this something not to enter
2 and a half and thousand euros so that the gap is closing than until now it's too if you want to have something and which is to be comparable to what you are used to get from a product you should get to a professional printer you need compare it to you to remember those those days when mobile phones 1st cameras built in and the shaky of videos we were able to make with with those cameras and we've got we've come a long way onto 2 HD video making on mobile phones and it's the same with the printers have a moment what we get at home is really those shaky 15 frames per 2nd to low res type things and time Over time technology Ville will definitely evolved and and materials will you be roles and uh I guess a few years down the line I'm not gonna say 5 or 10 or 15 but that's that's poorly at the range we can see different genes that that can print in different resolutions there's another thing attached to that those those shaky 15 frames per 2nd videos on were kind of the base the bases off of some different style of statics so this kind of low rest shake became almost a kind of expression so that could be different development in our in in design were when kind of use 2 of think that design has to be shiny and elegant and things like that and so always can attributes that we think of when he designed but again also this might change that design can also be achieved can be roll kind can be low rest and still be designed so that another another interesting on development center in 2003 was sort of like see these early experiments of some kind of retro 8 bit stuff like remember when it was all blocking that song because it's going to be cool again at some point I think that's a very important point about the role of the designers because just yesterday we had a class with some product design students and they are now starting to get into this and rapid manufacturing process they start to learn about what other constraints what the Newark new things we can do with this and and they learn a lot about material and surfaces and and they're quite interested in and the different and things they can do with this and in the past there are mostly trained for injection molding and this was of of course the expenses you reasonable because this is what the products manufactured at the at the end but and today they start to think OK what products can we really create what uh which are completely suitable for 3 D printing and that kind of an adopted to 3 D printing so I think there's an there are some very interesting new products coming up when the designers start to really and and think about what can they do with these 3 printers so I mean the idea of a revolution always that different people sort of like our and power
afterwards and we have this idea of the pros you much but I fear I mean people are not the majority of the muscle of like
lazy so what are these new actors really I mean they're probably design has been able to sell the stuff that we will have different ways of producing stuff and getting into the people but in the end I think the mass was sort of like by something like this like this done before it's produced in a different way or where at where the people come in I mean the the idea I mean this so a bunch of open source printers they come from this idea that everyone he becomes a maker and I fear this will always be something that excludes people as well because having the access to this design tools and learning how to do something is always
some kind of meters things like you have to know how to learn this due what these tools this this relate where where the
people in this yeah I think this is required in in important 1 because and we all your by lots about we can all do on stuff now but the question is do we have the skills so the we have the time or do we want to do this so for me a very important question is if I have a cool idea for a product how to I do I get this idea into my machine how how do I convince the machine in to produce my idea and it's OK if you have the skills it's cool you can just design your own stuff but if you don't like getting people should and have a chance to come to make their ideas come to the product of years without having all these skills and this is why we we offer some people and a service if they have a cool idea but they lack the skills they can just and contact designed some of which they can just put this on the blackboard and say OK if that idea and then designers can maybe going to communicate with them and can help them do this and I think this is quite important because you up to derive some people have still some people and have the interest in doing this and other stone but the other people maybe still want to have interesting products so and I think this is quite important to to get these 2 together somehow and until now of course the song printers are really for people who are completely into this and I would really like to experiment and like to really put this effort but not everyone wants why would like to to add a couple points or even even fearful for points on when the point by you know it's it's kind of people are not able to do it I expect that this will change quite rapidly over the next 3 5 7 years because this technology is now i've quite quickly moving into education and once every can the guidance for every primary school people has had exposure to these kind of technologies it's not anymore this arm or I don't know how to do it it becomes quite normal like to use video becomes normal to use 3 D printers and and digital manufacturing technology
so that's 1 1 uh developments that starts to happen right knife on places that do have 3 D printers get inundated by requests from
schools to come and visit and use this kind of technology on 2nd yes of course at the moment these tools fire you know that the rich guys uh I mean guys uh POIs very much so very much so I knew Gershenfeld in his TED talk says this digital manufacturing arm in the developed world is personal expression through technology there's nothing wrong with that but if you look at the rest of the world and you know comes comes 2030 the developed world will be 10 % and the undeveloped world will be 90 % in terms of population on access to digital manufacturing technology for the developing world really means apparent and really means of making use of self they wouldn't have access to the fore some last
point maybe it this this this question well I will not the majority of people
remained consumers and to spy stuff on quite possibly but it really depends on what the forces behind on 3 D printer printing digital manufacturing from will like us to do there's 1 striking I mean the the the debate big thing is consuming and not making that's result of the 2nd industrial revolution there is 1 Of particular area where this has not happened where we think that so do-it-yourself is the normal
thing to do and that's in transport having a car driving a car going everywhere you don't cart is the normal thing you do
the and if you're so stubborn to always try to use public that transport you must be on so this not quite from this world so there is 1 area where a industry convinced us that do-it-yourself is the right thing to do so imagine a digital manufacturing industry wanting to convince us that yourself as the right thing to do I am
convinced that it would be perfectly able to convince us to do that I don't see yet who that will be In the kind is the range of of players we've got but if somebody would want us to do that yeah they would be perfectly able to do that and it happens the so instead of having a lot of people have been saying this to the printer sort of like the new personal computer maybe it's a new car are way if it is a new kind of then everybody will want to have 1 OK so maybe this is the flying car after all so um I have a few questions you written down here which I will think will come from the from the auditorium but will will maybe answer them that already I don't know but I want to talk I don't really want to talk about the weapons but we will talk about the western um but 1st maybe like this copyright question I mean that's something could always are interested in this category on on on the part of a for some time now it's called Physical it's basically a category to put in digital representations of real objects so it means like it's
sort of like an ironic warning shot you will be next so what what's the development of this I mean you you have a visual designs and a platform of so
there will be some people will sort of like the stuff of designers but how will this sort of like influence industries were traditional production so when will the Rolex come out of the printer or is this a is is the world's will become reality at a point where it doesn't matter anymore because all these people on all these companies already use the Newman affection methods so what will come 1st and think that's and they're quite interesting point because and in the past we we did not think too much about them and physical design now we we bought some coffee machine or something like this we did not go to a store and bought a physical representation of a 3 D object we just buy coffee machine so but now we you start to think about what is the what what is then designed worth and I think we start to realize that it's really where important things in the past and I I just thought something and I was not due to decide about the design I wanted it to look good but now then when the design goes digital and we can really and send the data center design uh over to to a different continent we really start to think about what what should we do about this and I think this is a very important process to think about this and that we can and maybe avoid some mistakes or some problems we had with other things like music or and some of the books as of vectors so having been of course and it is something which would be
much discussion about and of course I don't have the solution for this problem but I think it's a very important step that we are aware that there can be a problem that we should think about how we cope with this how much time do we have so it's no as you sit with that ID question you sort of hit the hobby horse of mine so I could be I could go on around long run along and RAM alone all over all right you know open source the assignment with given with that we can define as to how many focus if people have questions to only fit this I I just want to make a 1 a 2 statements on it and promise not to not to go on for the next 2 hours on or initiate with with IP protection are the units take inventions view design is that IP protection is a choice designer to either use it or not this is different to copyright you cannot avoid copyright if you want to share our you composition you drawing you videos you photos he has to become active and say yes I want to share if you make an invention as you create a design this is not protected by default we have to go and file a patent or or uh register you design which take in the case of patterns is a lot of effort and are takes a lot of time and takes a lot of money so when I a designer invented sits there with his new invention Ahern invention there is like a protection filing a patent as 1 option there are other options like
keeping it secret or showing that to the public and an inventor has to be evaluates which of
those options actually best fit their business models some of them think patenting is given patenting is particularly good if you know they're like 3 or 5 people out there who could make it and he can observe them and once you see make this you see them making yourself you can go ensued and completely different ball game if there are billions out there often could make you think yeah you are not able to monitor billions so that might influence you you you choice of of ITER fiction and not the other thing is I could detection is a big gamble you putting money and time on something and expect that later on you cover that money this is a big gamble you never know whether it's gonna work a not so investing in time and money and marketing you product and actually get into revenue might be too much smarter decisions analyzed point a last point even if something is patent and there is no law at least in Europe there is no law stopping me from reproducing it for myself even if something is in the copyright there's no stopping to producing it for myself as long as and not producing a commercially for the people that there so if you are interested in the topic find preacher after the talk and you talk to them because we have to talk about the weapon because of something the media always picks up um and this this guy could Wilson from Texas and he's started building weapons with the dependence and I think yesterday it was announced that the machine was the weapon called the Liberator slower completely 3 different printed weapon that actually works before the only it's sort of like the power so basically in the US and by love possibly gun for free but you have this 1 registered PAEs below receiver and the trend of this and this has spawned a lot of questions about gun control about creativity and is basically the printers on all a bad thing because you can do that thing with them meaning producing weapons so what's what's the deal with that I mean we have to talk about it what's 1st yeah and maybe I did and give my options for us so I'm evidences and I think of course with every new technology you can do things which are not desired by the public and as think especially in germany it's a quiet and we all know maybe not all but most people think that that's not a good idea to bring weapons and my personal opinion is that I really don't like this at all and that of course with every new technology can do these things and of course I can and take my
car and run over somebody and I would not say all occurrences of a technology for that reason maybe there are some reasons and but I think there are always these things and we cannot avoid this completely I can only speak for for myself when if we see
something like this on all platform we remove it because we don't want to have this but of course then 1 has to keep in mind that Cody Wilson really has a license to produce weapons in the US so maybe it is questionable if it was a good idea to give this license but and of course this is something the US government has to choose so in the end maybe it's not so much of a difference what you produce weapon was yeah of course you there where some them and some things they go back like 20 years when people started to build their own weapons by and by welding together some metal parts and these weapons well for low quality as well I'm and I know with the same weapon this liberated you made you can just fire 1 shot and if you are most likely to get to cells because it yourself because the weapon can explode of course you will improve this from but I I think there's a good reason and that and if you really do weapons properly you have to put much effort in them and if you if I can go to do the next market and by X kill somebody and and people not say that tooling spectacles this yeah yeah I think there there are 2 on issues to be on for the 3 issues to be discussed when it is actually how how does the legislation with regards to to weapons of how does that work and and how is that best set up and certainly on the continent we do have quite a different approach to gun regulation than the approach in the US so that's that's 1 level of
discussion which has nothing to do with 3 D printing it all on the other uh interesting discussion this is this this guy uh Cody
and why he's doing that and it was kind of on inclining TT you know give him the benefit of diet on tail by the rates of the discussions he was having on twitter this morning on which some convince me that's no he doesn't deserve to benefit typed on he wants to use weapons because he things producing is period and is part of free speech problem so that relates back to go regulation and the you know how do how do we regulate guns on and of course you know what you said on the we have to talk about regulating guns we have to talk about how do we figure out the bad guys on how do we create a society where the bad guys don't need to be about kinds that's the discussions we need to have we don't have to you have to discussions if 3 D printers are bad or planes are bad C 9 11 or steam cookers are bad see Boston that's discussion that we don't
have to have a because that's a useless discussion but we need to have the discussion how do we create a society where people don't feel that they need 2 byte steam cookers and blow them up or by 3 D printers and print guns to tissue that people that's a discussion that we should have thanks that actually could open discussion I mean maybe not this discussion but hopefully um so if you guys of questions from you I don't
know how this works somebody proteomic there is this a microphone of sort of halfway back so if you if you want to that microphone because the whole thing is recorded and the latest online so that high-tech words you know so please curator microphone in the middle all had a ranch declarative what I say to my name is more areas I can't from remember where co-founded establish with some other guys the fabulous and policy but I have another different topic so I wanted to questioning the of the year the talk the derivative days in its linearity I don't see as you preventative especially with this number 1st revolution 2nd revolution search revolution assumed it's much more that more and more things are together in 1 place at 1 time it's like from the communication media we still talk with each other people write letters we read books and they don't disappear and also see that in the industry more next to each other and that's why I like the term next society what's coming up much better that Peter Drucker once came up with this and might also see that the world
or that people always mentioned that for the microprocessing it's also very linear or and I don't think that that happens with 3 D printing it's much different it's much more networked it's much more complicated and I would like to see a different kind of talking about a different kind of narration about what is happening right now but it's it's much more confusing since our next to each other and it's definitely not that linear that you presented it on I was not
intending to to presented as they only development and the as are like
separate faces that are over and not done anymore and then comes next phase and that comes to an end and all what we had in the 2nd phase the out of course I mean and that this is kind of uh skeleton to to to help us
think about it some equally determined revolution is most
inappropriate nobody's running around and you know throwing at they get uh common fractious assembly lines and stuff like that so that the terms a revolution is is most inappropriate and of course you are absolutely right this this uh network paradigm
on lends itself much more to to a blurring of our many different things happening next to each other on if just uh
since I talked about that if we take the example of IP IP protection is not going to disappear just because of Open Source What we do have various options next to each other and same as that mass production on the same is with uh you know if we look at the classes working class has not disappeared the middle class has not disappeared but it was kind of the the dominant clause Parent which of the many things evolved in the past centuries respectively I so yes what we we we need different within the different ways to talk to talk about and on the world so that the water industrial revolution has been used by so many people that makes it easy to connect to those discussions even if they use the wrong work too many people use the 3 D printers and think also into coming from afar about Oflazer cultures and and seeing the milling machines and the whole thing but a call 3 D printing which better probably would be called a digital manufacturing where 3 D printing she'd according to specialists the called additive manufacturing all these kind of you know um issues how how do we name something on which have long discussions but it's but I think it's more important to be to your of sort of name issues even if the wrong as the name is slightly wrong but then have meaning this meaningful discussions for the specimen happening to us and our confusion out and the many question marks I have are part of that confusion and that's the interesting bit about
what they just said you the thing is more about semantics for attribute this history that I think it's a good start to as it did talk
about the question of what a society this will be about as much as how this was a good piece of technology work so like influence everything that covers all words together so an expression please each cycle said that from the World
Institute the integer society and the land I am a little confused after this discussion to be honest and many others missing something I'm
I don't completely understand how big this is really going to be you're comparing 3 D printing to the industrial revolution to the invention of the car these are major major secular changes which affect everybody's life across the globe but I heard about a single sort of killer application coming from the printing it is going to fundamentally change my life to help me help me understand that if a look at my household public added products which I use which are made of plastic which on non complex which are normally monotonic so at least as of today and potentially you know ready to produce the 3 D printing yes the spoons but it's it's actually quite limited so Help me understand why is this so big wise this a fundamentally good to change everybody's lives in this room and I
think and they're revolutionized thing about this that in just a revolution all the 5th
this depending on who we relied too is and I was thinking of products maybe it's not so much about what you will have in in your drawing you hold just a
moral it's more about how do we think about production do we think a bistatic or do we think about production as being dynamic
and think about them that we can and change these products and of course you
write down many things which are compounds somehow you have them you and you have fewer mobile phone where you have maybe a plastic case and some metal parts and of course you have all these micro controller electronics inside of it and and of course you will not just press the button and the new phone will plot of printer but then what you can think about is that you can end produced parts and which can be assembled later by the printer in these parts can be completely individual to you needs so and if you if you have the and then special lampshade on which you want to have in a wary special and way that it fits into your room or if you an arguement some was somebody who want to build some things if you're a maker of idea and you want to build some quadcopter and maybe assembled some camera and and and holding it so that you can fix a camera on to this you don't have to go to the store and search for it and look for it you don't find it you can't just say OK I want to have this and it is 3 D printed so of course it's not like and you just said something like in the old stuff will be there anymore and the new stuff is therefore from today it will be a change in of with the a constant change and the production will be a more decentralized and and I think it's it's not so much in we can point to this and say OK everything's different it's a process and please don't get me
wrong this Industrial Revolution but the 3rd 1 as for
full for easy awarding I call it now this is not about 3 D printing this is a by a shift from hierarchical centralized structure to lateral network structures and I'm using the 3 D print as the eye can as I used the steam engine as the like can for the first one and the assembly line of us as an icon for the for the 2nd Industrial solution it's kind of if I would have to think of 1 piece of machinery that represents the notion of what's going on and then it's the steam engine or it's the assembly line or it's the 3 D printers and not saying this development that we're seeing now equals 3 D printing that would be on this development that we're seeing now equals going from hierarchical to lateral going from centralized to network next question
please why my name is Daniel almond my question goes together with so the last question I think some because what is the killer application my eyes killer application
of 3 D printing is this really printing itself so my question is what can you say about the fact that I heard that there already it's 3 D printers that can produce 3 D printers I think this is a very interesting thing and regarding to the discussion if you can do bad things with this and to solve this and not to get it and false hands you have to discuss so the problem itself I don't think we had we have the time if there's a machine that can produce machines yeah I mean the
the repr which is only open source the had this idea so but the machine doesn't assemble
itself as of yet it's basically a machine that you buy the parts and when you print some parts of course the idea of this was a
little ironic as well and I think was a bit far from this from having the technology of different actually reproducing I mean is always the sphere of radius 2 you know the machines reproduce themselves on walls of of like cover the world but the of our differences animal with and think and machines never do things by themselves will always have to tell them what to do so and I think with this great you I think there is no danger at all because some we should we would have to program them to revert to preference rep produce themselves without any in any any reasonable and the reason for this cell and I think this is not the main problem and when you say OK we have to think about proliferation proliferation of course when everyone of the printer and we cannot so easily controlled what people do with this this is true but in the end it's the same with the normal to the printer I can print some and some I don't know some that stuff when I write the cubism that could be person and throw the these and the flyers all around I can really do some reading that stuff with paper printing as well and of course and I would not say that we have to look how we can we control what people are printed with the 2 D printer so and still we have to discuss about it of course so don't worry it's kind of problem so that's the way already know or yeah 1 in uh certainly research is going on uh by technologies that actually become sort of reproduce themselves the most dangerous on machine that is able to reproduce itself is a human being at this moment yeah so it always comes back to people I guess that and were almost out of time it's like 3 minutes to the hour maybe you want to use a minute to like your company why not yeah OK I'm well I I think I sets quite a lot about the company so I just want to say if you're interested in collaborating on 3 D what designs and if you are interested in 3 D printing and want to be part of the community visit us on and www . Trinkle . com it's t our and it's Trinkle with and c k and l so for Germans also easy but I hope you can find us and we will be happy if we see you on our website I think the wrong thing so you do thanks for being here the majority of the next set of things and the and
if if you don't mind if thank you