Mediated Life after Virtualization. A Critical Look at the Scenarios Forecast by New Wearable Augmented Reality Visualization Technologies

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Mediated Life after Virtualization. A Critical Look at the Scenarios Forecast by New Wearable Augmented Reality Visualization Technologies
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If, as Thomas and Cook state, 'visual representations and digital visualization techniques take advantage of the human eye's broad bandwidth pathway into the mind to allow users to see, explore, and understand large amounts of information at once' what are the consequences of a technology that does not pretend anymore to "simulate" reality or its visualization but now "naturally" creates the way we see the world and experience it? What will follow the inevitable technological peak and demise of old communication technologies such as the mobile and the screen? If the mobile embodied the newly acquired freedom from the constrained spaces of earlier mediated communications. And the screen, the frame, the partition that for a long time both connected and divided reality from its representation. The "SixthSense" and "Project Glass" both represent the early steps in the final technological, cognitive and cultural evolution that will finally embrace media transparency and invisibility (Project Glass), and welcome media anthropomorphization (SixthSense) in the illusion of a new "unmediated" and "augmented" life.
Hypermedia Virtualization Planning Directed set Augmented reality Distance Event horizon Measurement Video game Element (mathematics) Number
Trajectory Theory of relativity Link (knot theory) Augmented reality Forcing (mathematics) Execution unit Range (statistics) Sound effect Bit Evolute System call Twitter Word Different (Kate Ryan album) Term (mathematics) Network topology Website Wearable Computing Physical system
Complex (psychology) Presentation of a group Existence Range (statistics) Virtual machine Translation (relic) Insertion loss Heat transfer Distance Food energy Number Neuroinformatik Power (physics) Moore's law Latent heat Computer cluster Well-formed formula Semiconductor memory Different (Kate Ryan album) Hypermedia Core dump Computing platform Form (programming) Task (computing) Physical system Area Information Augmented reality Physical law Shared memory Line (geometry) Computer Evolute Vector potential Visualization (computer graphics) Personal digital assistant Right angle Internet der Dinge Object (grammar) Wearable Computing Spacetime
Information management Functional (mathematics) Information Augmented reality Virtual machine Interactive television Sound effect Evolute Distance Event horizon Machine vision Power (physics) Neuroinformatik Formal grammar Right angle Spacetime Task (computing)
Logical constant Information Physical system
Point (geometry) Area Shift operator Standard deviation Scaling (geometry) Weight Multiplication sign Sound effect Independence (probability theory) Basis <Mathematik> Bit Cognition Googol Internetworking Universe (mathematics) Right angle Physical system
Pairwise comparison Data mining Googol Information Key (cryptography) Multiplication sign Moment (mathematics) Right angle Surface of revolution Theory Physical system
Functional (mathematics) Multiplication sign Moment (mathematics) 1 (number) Sound effect Flow separation Arithmetic mean Visualization (computer graphics) Computer cluster Integrated development environment Term (mathematics) Right angle Physical system
Functional (mathematics) Code Multiplication sign Direction (geometry) Virtual machine Mereology Machine vision Number Medical imaging Natural number Representation (politics) Physical system Form (programming) Programming paradigm Shift operator Touchscreen Wechselseitige Information Theory of relativity Dreizehn Information Augmented reality Moment (mathematics) Sound effect Bit Flow separation Sphere Connected space Tablet computer Digital photography Arithmetic mean Googol Visualization (computer graphics) Telecommunication Video game Right angle Game theory Object (grammar) Window Fundamental theorem of algebra
Point (geometry) Service (economics) Wage labour Multiplication sign Shape (magazine) Mereology Derivation (linguistics) Latent heat Different (Kate Ryan album) Velocity Term (mathematics) Ubiquitous computing Physical system Form (programming) Condition number Authentication Shift operator Standard deviation Touchscreen Scaling (geometry) Forcing (mathematics) Evolute Cartesian coordinate system Exploit (computer security) Frame problem Video game Right angle Object (grammar) Window Spacetime
Point (geometry) Service (economics) Link (knot theory) Transformation (genetics) Multiplication sign Set (mathematics) Neuroinformatik Inference Facebook Mathematics IRIS-T Different (Kate Ryan album) Profil (magazine) Bus (computing) Extension (kinesiology) Computing platform Physical system Form (programming) Predictability Noise (electronics) Algorithm Shift operator Standard deviation Theory of relativity Information Augmented reality Data storage device Plastikkarte Physicalism Special unitary group Evolute Sphere Equivalence relation Data mining Category of being Uniform resource locator Digital photography Googol Process (computing) Visualization (computer graphics) Statement (computer science) output Right angle Wearable Computing Spacetime
State of matter Time series Directed set Maxima and minima
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of London School glass of the number and the me out that's my that's left and unassigned such as the Lepanto and the set distance them it's about specific technical devices in my plan amendment none of them at once measurements and Ismail and uh media have an event and a warm welcome from from just collapse and have
alright so um 1st of
all I like to say thank you to the people that have organized this conference was here last year I was really impressed with the kind of range ideas so think you and in a few words about me my name is for government uh Minnesota professor at the University of Copenhagen and the mirex but these interest is sociology of science and technology um I think that's about it you can if you want know more you can look at my website is called digital the pork and the topic of today's wearable computing and augmented reality not to be quite honest that was maybe do a trick to get you people yeah right there because um and I think that this this a strange kind of habit of creating trends or words that somehow are supposed to attract and the and this somehow a different kind of motivations but I think that all technologies come from a much longer trajectory and some of them uh somehow uh can be clustered together so 1 way to understand technology uh when I think about technology well and try to interpret technology normally opposition technology unit in a kind of a in in the system the system is really composed by 4 forces on 1 side you have the users on the other side the politics and then of course the technology itself and you have economy now if you wanna understand the history and evolution of technology you actually have to place that technology this kind of system uh you cannot really understand evolution of technology without understanding the forces that work of course if I assume some more you work with technologies for you of course nor a much resistance there might be for example in terms of Paul politics or uh use a soul of course the economy and what is interesting about this for forces um well 2 of them have a link you below along the trajectory of in the longer trajectory is that of politics of economy and indeed the the history of politics and economy has profound effects on technology and tool I leave that kind of more short term and those are really the relation between the collagen uses so my really interested they use to call care about Billy bit about the politics and economy of wearable computing can augmented reality the way I'm going to do it is to briefly introduce you to what this scenario a highlights the uh economy be in the near future and the and then and that's kind of something that probably a familiar with and then what I'm going to try to do is to attempt something really easily be more abstract but because they assume that you will be more come of the informed about this topology of think I and push shortly further now where we
have the technology basically I think that in in this conference last year I was reminded of 4 loss this follows uh probably a formula would 1 right the of subtly from would more slow worse losses that kind of the speed of computing uh really doubles every 2 years a this is another annotation release it states that the number of chips of doubling every 2 years but it's been kind of a widely translated as the core the speed of computers doubles every 2 years 3 laws they're leaving less known 1 it's as long as the crisis long he's kind of In the same line talking about memory and says that the price of memory remains the same but the amount of memory that you can buy for a fixed price bubbles gain roughly every 2 years but as the law says that the speed of the transfer of information is doubling every 9 months and another 1 that is interesting is that it's called slow and this is the 1 that's
discusses energy and says that basically machines become more and more efficient and for the same computational power you were using roughly every 3 years after the amount of energy now I think this follows an interesting because they somehow tell us something 1st of all that this some things in technology a predictable I mean we know that this is an evolution to specific knowledge in computing technology In the specific case of confuse ecology that means that we can predict that computers are going to be faster and faster and smaller smaller cheaper and cheaper and faster and faster in communicating data right now why is this relevant what it means that if computing power becomes smaller cheaper and more energy efficient there it really means that machines are going be smaller and more and more objects can actually uh include in some way form of computational power now I assume describe is familiar with the concept of the Internet of Things and I think that to really better understand wearable computing and augmented reality DE evolution of this technology need to be framed in the kind of a complex existence physical system is somehow it's a system where the Internet of Things have mented reality and a different kind of media to visualize segmented reality and different forms of computing power really interacting with 1 another not the white elephant in the room is Google Glass threatening hadn't mentioned in my presentation I didn't mention it in my introduction the reason why have been mentioned will glasses and because I don't think that the composition but glass uh we helped to really understand what the future looks like I think that probably what Google Glasses suggesting right now is not going to look really like the future the future i 1 where there's gonna be share kind of computational task so think of Google Glass whatever platform that is visualizing information in a certain way uh this 2 ways of thinking about that kind of tool that platform on 1 side you may be a self-contained that kind of computational power device so somewhat a translation of a more but I don't think that really would really help I think that the medicine areas 1 of a machine that is able to visualize information in the from way by the same multiple with the space of the objects and the different computers power realizes that might be placed in these objects that in example um let's talk about driving by them in the driving it's a complex task you know the number of accidents there area and that our augmented reality can come into play uh well 1 of the things that we know is that along with competition power something that really evolved lately is the number of sensors striatum in our mobile include more and more sensors and to me does make sense to think that all the sensors should be included in 1 device so think of a machine that are a cow that has several senses the senses are there 2 cents space in a way that the human body cannot and for example distance they can sense speed and they can have all another range of specific information and think of your wearable computing devices of mented reality rise as something that can interact with that machine now you understand the potential is much greater I mean for example the
augmented reality technology whatever new glass of whatever is gonna come my acquire very different function because you can't for example interact with the body so the competition power would be that of different sensors that help you drive by another way they can also interact with your vision in a way that for example region can direct the attention of the machine toward specific uh kind of events in in space but on the other side of the machine cannot learn to do things that that space in the same way thinking about smart homes all spots cities and you don't want your device the wall the tasks that might be implied in each you but Coleman that said that you free just specific information you want that information to be transferred directly to your device it's needed them not to be always their present right so I think that in some way Google Glass simply an evolution but it's an idea it's an idea and it's an idea that is constructed by this destructive not for the reason that most people believed to be uh so this is where stop
1 2nd I mean I think you familiar with the the search technology think somehow you can send the serum describing but that's what I want to show them and I want to question what does it really mean and what doesn't really mean if we are able to implement this seamless interaction between computing vision and I think to really understand the effect of these interactions the augmented reality as for example is now only visually describe get distance from Google Glass and probably many others to grammar is to place the technology in an industry and then the temple is something elitist abstractly and will act uh I want to elaborate on 2 concepts but before instead of just telling you to concept someone work with you on these 2 concepts
um 1 of the constants there is certain social navigation systems uh and under last few for an example let's see what I mean by social navigation systems um how many of you do not all why do we have 24 hours and day whether we have 24 hours in day where they're not 23 why did not 25 so anybody that's actually knows the information not just guessing you
know is there anybody that actually knows why we have 24 hours in the day I cannot see 0 there is 1 OK yeah why don't we have 24 hours yeah that the not all right so it I think that you think of yourself
us very qualified people might but there is a very basic system ask the basis as the universal standard time and nobody in this room knows why this system is based on a 24 hours and 60 seconds right and my run so this is what I called social navigation system socialization systems are really complex social systems that at 1 point in history of defined but what is interesting about this systems that become so pervasive and they so embodied in our culture that we tend to lose the significance members of the systems for example this weight land and 1 of the system is money now we're more familiar with money because we just changed I mean many this have experienced the shift from 1 currency to the euro right and that you remember that time I mean it was really difficult at 1st because it's really change you really changed the scale of our world mean 7 where it was very complex to establish value that by them in the you needed some computational power and that what is interesting about this social areas and systems used those out criteria dead culturally will become so accustomed to that we in body them in our daily lives it's how we scale weights and think of the world in a very profound way get profound cognitive effects now I'm going to stretch the story a
little bit like I mean so you don't know why the various 24 hours and I'm not going to tell you right right not on the internet and this is not meant to be it's something we there roughly 75 % of the people in this room I don't think it's funny but they're not gonna do anything about it what is the other 25 % going to yield on google it right so much about independence like most of you that you're gonna
use Google being a Wikipedia right so this is my 2nd kind of key concepts that are borrowed from william ritual was a professor at MIT and I call this logarithmic racially light-gathering acting regime is a specific system that somehow or at 1st out so as to retry information right I mean that's what the systems every but the reason why they become regimes is that the although we think to be free and the way in which we access that information we know that that information is somehow embedded in this specific system we know that for example Google and Wikipedia respond to different ways of framing knowledge and information rights now the I'm going to stretch this comparison alluded and I that actually in these Tribune time if most things stink culture I evolutionary theories really many revolutions there are moments in history that have been very revolution and this moment in history at a profound outcomes outcome on the ways in which we must the world in the way we understand it it now I'll give you an example 1 is money right I mean we'll not real no
money right but we also know that money didn't exist uh always some Indian really exist uh before uh 600 before Christ them in the 1st coin was printed was coined in the league gen and the days uh the eastern region of talking to it right in the lead-in lion was a gold coin was the 1st Mining ever printed now there's something magic about the moment because for the 1st time in history and the 1st time for the 1st time in history humankind value was
separated from functions right before all money before the coin trade was based on function that I do something that has a function and you give me something else so money for the 1st time separated value from function now we know the profound effects of that system by the moment in which we believe that 1 crime was worth a cow might have that's what at the time was really the cornea means usually cattle money the 1st term in which the way which was money was colder than which means mean was referring to the most valuable thing at the time which was of course kind of food cattle and what and we know all profound effect of that separation was right now if we use a very special visualization technology right talking about about Augmentin reality let's say that I am the World Environment Day city my 2nd spin I
consume this one's special extra feature I can go back and forth in time right so I can go in 1
place and they can move in time beginning close to destroy mean that this is not a science fiction and what is is a foreseeable future so let's move this sphere and I'm moving to utterance right before Christ Athens was really the birth of the place where the bank as you know I was born banking system In makes yeah the most rudimentary function that looked in Athens but really we didn't wait a few centuries before it actually evolved in the banking system that we know today and you know it in this kind of game with being in the world was going in and believe it or not the banking system as you know it was developed in Italy I know of all places and the banking system as we know it was really kind of design in the in the 13th century Amini was Florence general want various and if we move the system further we kind of see the effect of these simple definition this simple can over separation simple called the code of money right what happened is that an entirely new system that because of the separation between value and function Allegheny spinning this mutual kind of sphere I want to bring about want to bring you to another place and it's it's the most unsuspected plays a mean have been working on this for a long time and the really of the connection and we actually moving to France and it's the end of the 1800 it's 1848 and it's that they in which photography was invented meant that guy is kind of really refer to us the inventor part actually wasn't when the 1st followed ever taken was taken in 1826 now why I think photography so important photography it's important for 1 fundamental reason photography was the 1st time in history in which information was separated from the object like-minded with value and function for the 1st time in history information was separated from the objective and something kind of magic reactant because what happened that day is that the screen was for I mean if you really think about photography there was I was 1st visualization of a screen was the 1st time that we looked at something that was in a piece of paper something that was clearly graphic in nature and we believed to see reality I mean 1 of the big cultural bias of photography is that it's representing reality and what happened to EU this screen easily be the same history that happened with money I mean he took a number of years and we are at the 2nd century Mr. photography and that these systems really evolving something very different and the outcome of this system was very unforeseeable at the beginning something dramatic happened to the screen in the past 200 years I mean we started with the screen that was as big as a room I mean this in lithography at the time was a big screen might require a big environment and if you look at these 2 of these 200 years what really happened is that the machine has been shrinking and this window to these true reality is what is really remains this reality really started 200 years ago it photography in the moment in which we separated image from representation and the moment in which we start to believe that what we saw in those photographs at some form of relation with reality so the screen
becomes this important center all information and we know that has evolved in the center of information now the closest kind of a form of disappear have experience of far is that of the tablets by the tablet is almost a pure screen with a machine really adding the and the system and what is really dramatic what is really somehow that paradigm shifts when thinking about augmented reality it's that simple peach that of you probably have heard when looking at discussions about Google Glasses and and what is this kind of naturalization all of info graphics and out meant vision in our daily way of experiencing life now I can told you a little bit about social navigation systems stratum in what happens when the system becomes so embedded in our culture and conscience that we don't see what they're really saying what the future size of the college really saying is that our relation with representation is changing dramatically for the 1st time we had gone experience visual representations of reality in bed now what direct experience of reality it's a profoundly different from mediated communication out as we know it the something profoundly different because they're going be part of our experience that and not gonna be the experiencing self they're gonna be an augmented part of our experience Starting despite its kind of clear what it's really relevant and
1 authenticity that important to uh discusses what is really happening what what does it really mean what does it really mean and why I think we should be very wary of this evolution technology I think there is something fascinating about who glass but I think that in the shape and form there are described now damn most community service to the user rather than advantage and the reason is that we are on the verge of the signing the new standard it's really like money it's be like science now it up and for money that and full time of the 7 point in history different forces different people gather together and decide that now as you might expect when the standard time you know the 24 hours frame was invented there were different velocities the Germans said that they should be 100 dollars right and it's kind of practical there's a reason is is someone else was saying no you know what let's use really simple system let's make 24 hours like systems of politics right this different forces and as we know very well for Standards and Technology is not always the best technology winds not always the best system winds now what is the problem we these shift from the screen that is perceived as an object or window to reach a reality to a screen that become so embedded in our daily lives that we do not see the screen but we see it as a part of our daily life is that is smuggling in a system that I'm not too confident in what is really happening can be better described in economic terms now assume you have a vague notion maybe some of you have a kind of more specific notion of what futures and derivatives are it did you know what I mean you know what the future sigh you want you know that led
to our work to the latest crisis right in some way probably giver that in a very simple way futures it's a further speculation is capital that is extending time right modernity that's meant the pervasive really exploitation and the pervasive definition of space as capital and time US labor now what happened in this persistent and costs and the condition is that the scale became smaller and more the all the quantities became more precise we know that we moved from the Italian time let's me at 6 right we move to a very specific time now e-mails when applications usually stops on a specific time in minutes the time became
so fragmented these became so specific and the reason why became so specific is because of the actual acquired value what happened with timeless and point is that there wasn't enough of it so what they did with futures futures is a kind of strange speculation futures it's an investment on a commodity that doesn't exist yet but I assume is gone axis right so you see the problem that is that there's an iris in in futures and we have experienced why of those risks are associated with you just now in my opinion I went to the reality and this new form of visual articulation of information in the systems that geographically located personalized to the point of being individual and constrained in a very specific category tuning system and an associated with more but this can be seen as an extension of capital in a certain way futures can be seen as an extension of time and augmented reality is the equivalent of these future investment in commodities we are creating a mutual commodity that lead she expands the market of reality we're creating an entirely new market now this is what is really at stake what is really at stake he's a new set of commodities this is a new set of social relations is a new set of values and differently from what happened in the commodities culture based on mining and governed by banks that all the problems that you know about things we are moving shifting you new economy in which something profound accepting 1st of all the money is becoming information mining has already become information very few of you actually use money most of you use credit cards banks are closing you know the real this less and less physical stores physical uh banks uh economy's moving lying and that means that economies becoming information and what happens when the information becomes the main way of valuing the system is that while IT systems I literally and slowly replacing banks banks with the systems that would best moving capital and a tease other systems that best and moving information but what is it he set in with this search shift is that we're losing something in the process because it's not yet defined so now we understand information is money right them into the statement information is money when the sun really well but I think we should better understand it has money this information mining is information today now what happens is that up to this point we are very willing to pass some of our information for information is and where you can say it's fair I'm giving information and I'm receiving information that's the way it somehow we accept the kind of like tease uh exchanging this platform some in every time you sign for whatever service seems to be free but actually a subscribing to a system that allows you allows them to see that information so what is really happening it's set in evolution that I call um algorithmic predictive computing underrate me predictive computing east and evolution in the evolution of that sees you at the center of this uh transformation what happens is that if you look at the amount of information reproduce when I think urged me you know former CEO of Google said that we're producing in 2 days as much information as much information as we produced from the dawn of humanity to die to 2003 so in 2
days producing as much information as most of the stroke humankind now there's a mistake in that formulation according to me because the EDI he's been said that on 1 side information should be defined on 1 side you have physics and the information's in physics as change very little on the other side the innovation and innovation is growing but is growing exponentially so what is really happening is that the biggest growth these in the use of data not these use data are really not very relevant them in most of them it's pure noise it's repetitive I mean just think about how many photographs of food and texts mean you see of Facebook and so most of it can be characterized as noise but what is really happening is that they're creating specific overwritten profiles that trying to make sense of all this information to the world the bus for these big data what the data really means is that they're looking for systems to this information valuable ways and they're doing it pretty simply 1 way this location right I mean if you take all the information that is produced 1 simple that way of articulating that information used to putting it together and linking it to space right that's 1 criteria the 1st criteria that can be used the other 1 is to link it to a person once a link it to a person the specific algorithmic processes that can infer something and that's Our want to conclude there is an emergency system and they're trying to create a new standards to capitalize on information and 1 of the main things are going to With this algorithm predictive computing it's something that's use the again the little people of the sky I told you that that's the here can go in the past right what i didn't tell you is that that's soon we that's sphere you can go in the future I mean what is happening is that literally what they're trying to do have to close but while you see what I'm going to do this I mean basically of augmented reality and wearable computing I just tools to transform into sensors that I can try to make sense of the input information to that you produce so that they can make sense of it I mean the system wasn't really fighter itself but the what is true about this solution is that it has an act and yet and I think that this is the time to try to think about possible often snares because on 1 side you have google but on the other side you have to Wikipedia on 1 side you have Google Earth and I that this process in this room they're going to define my right different conception of space information that abides and is inspired by different ideas and ideologies thank you
few through the time series with minimal of states of questions because we can have mention them right and the that it
might have a no you