The Open Innovation Ecosystem

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The Open Innovation Ecosystem
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Faced with a new financial landscape and an increasingly global society, cities are looking for new ways to effectively provide for their citizens. They are following the lead of private business in exploring outside the traditional boundaries of the organization to realize the potential ofcollaborative development. In this sesión we investigate how the public sector, and specifically city halls, are developing these innovation ecosystems. We will describe three public innovation ecosystem models investigating how their structure and governance influence successful outcomes.
State of matter Directed set Open innovation
Dataflow Focus (optics) Arithmetic mean Word Integrated development environment Universe (mathematics) Projective plane Expert system Figurate number Open innovation
Voting Multiplication sign Representation (politics) Rule of inference Open innovation
Building View (database) Multiplication sign Fitness function Plastikkarte Control flow Open set Open innovation Field (computer science) Number Data model Word Business model Modul <Datentyp> Ideal (ethics) Game theory Social class
Multiplication sign Open source Utility software Open innovation
Touch typing Open innovation Product (business)
Degree (graph theory) Mobile app State of matter Core dump Universe (mathematics) Open set Communications protocol Demoscene Open innovation
Point (geometry) Functional (mathematics) Different (Kate Ryan album) Single-precision floating-point format Business model Quicksort Machine vision Open innovation
Slide rule Process (computing) Software developer Core dump Shared memory Open innovation Spacetime Directed graph
Process (computing) Multiplication sign Digitizing Order (biology) Perturbation theory
Service (economics) Service (economics) Personal digital assistant Representation (politics) Bit Open innovation
Mechanism design Process (computing) Self-organization Open innovation
Process (computing) Projective plane 1 (number) Code Open innovation Product (business)
Mathematics Goodness of fit Data management Service (economics) Personal digital assistant Internet service provider Software developer Execution unit Business model Computing platform Physical system
Mathematics Integrated development environment Bit Lattice (order) Physical system
Beta function Dot product Digitizing Multiplication sign Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy Überlastkontrolle 10 (number) Software bug Mechanism design Hacker (term) Personal digital assistant Integrated development environment Object (grammar) Freeware Freezing
Default (computer science) Distribution (mathematics) Execution unit Sampling (statistics) Sound effect Überlastkontrolle Mereology Performance appraisal Casting (performing arts) Nonlinear system Integrated development environment Integrated development environment Physical system Physical system
Degree (graph theory) Complex (psychology) Integrated development environment Bounded variation
Mobile Web Eigenvalues and eigenvectors State of matter Abstraction
Internetdienst Data management Focus (optics) Fluid statics Projective plane Computer network Open set Plastikkarte Open set Open innovation Neuroinformatik
Internetworking Multiplication sign Internet forum File viewer Open set Line (geometry) Binary file Curve fitting Fiber (mathematics)
Inheritance (object-oriented programming) Key (cryptography) Hacker (term) Multiplication sign Telecommunication Software developer Disintegration Execution unit Code Digital signal
CAN bus Standard deviation Service (economics) Code Factory (trading post) Internet service provider 1 (number) Shared memory Mereology Game theory
Freeware Service (economics) State of matter Internet service provider Shared memory Sound effect Computing platform
Freeware Process (computing) Software developer Shape (magazine) Fiber bundle Mereology
Natural number Multiplication sign Source code Quicksort Plastikkarte Open innovation Open set
Group action Open source Observational study Software developer Multiplication sign Projective plane Translation (relic) Price index Plastikkarte Mereology Open innovation Open set Type theory Personal digital assistant Hacker (term) Internet service provider Computing platform
Enterprise architecture Information Plotter Perturbation theory Demoscene Product (business) Personal digital assistant Mixed reality Universe (mathematics) Freeware Pressure Physical system Form (programming)
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hello everybody in let's go further on the 2nd Cesareni on state so long on i wheelie and
open for its is due the next hour it's all about it's an open cities and uh you in the old the you project here we have to speak is here from and projects the 1st since there is then I mean I have 1 uh from Barcelona as start a business school and university us that and input and general about the meaning of open innovation environments for the public as sector and afterwards we have focused more on especially this issue it's and cadastre then and there he is just and and than open innovation expert running a company in the sector and he was focus on the challenges of a large tourism flows of growing as cities global cities and in europe sold I really looking for its and the the words to as damning that you and I have this thing so thank
you thank you very much for being here figure have had all its and its it worked at I would like to take this
opportunity to think about it about the debate about open innovation we are working a lot in open innovation ecosystems in open innovation in the public sector and well VC-AS 2015 and in 2003 was
the time where can be Jesper rule vote book so the whole thing is that so let me introduce you to be the representation
seeing what has changed in these things years what is the different understanding that we have of open innovation since 2003 and 2015 what these words open innovation 2003 this is what we start to mean all classes thinking about what the thing games and then nobody mentioned 2003 was well instead of using only the that you have inside the company you use views about outside the freedom introduced them in the company in the news that either to target the carbon market to find the new market on knows the market and you take the view that i inside the company that know have a business model that don't fit this company and you put them inside and you try to capture value from the tedious and this was open innovation 2003 very much support this that we we talk about after that have a thing happens both these few posts and no 1 and these were in 2003 and this field now many of the principles of open innovation be say here that you we have to compete with innovation probably the innovation that we have or we can produce inside the company is not enough that we have to do something more something else and this individual has to come from the outside that this is the typical example
at the time I I begin talking about open innovation and we need a typical example then that go temple Dr. number
how to make 1 more product for like the spin Grötschel any policy and finally in open innovation 2003 we we think about all these new
things we think that is not the only about sourcing innovation that also itself should be about reducing costs and the utilities it's about having innovations that I'm actually enough to be putting push into the market it to us about reducing the time to market and so on but well I it's not 2003 anymore so 10 years back so what happens in this thingies
Timor-Leste knocked out a wall of companies and Garvey's not all these disclosed breathe having and we have to change the redirect and that let me talk about 7 things that to do we have been working in all these years and we're working and that we think that innovation is different and has evolved since 2003 the open
innovation to 2015 touch each we well the 1st thing is that open innovation 2003 US about companies was not accompanying the sense a product to company we and was about the the the Commission
states and how to license of glottal how do and how to acquire the protocol the scenes where the core of open innovation but no we have not in these universe
of companies but degree in the public sector where you University where we have multiple relationships we have universal across and i important thing is that in 2003 and stealing companies this a big deal about owning the innovation I mean dubiety you licenses to you know what about it's about owning the innovation it you nowadays about iTunes hyphen whatever all this a consistent in the public sector Open Data and so on to see the course care about all mink the out the open data producers this article cares about owning the apps that that do their universe you know it's no
longer about user has to won't be innovation it you the vision of the others B cell having to into fewer so they much about buying licensing uh lot of fiddle with putting them and in 2015 is more about how we are forced to be similar to how we enable hope to make these things happen to sort
he was very much about IP and 2015 it's about what government more and business models do to put in these ecosystems to make them more effective interventions fear beat thing worse Open Innovation Intermediaries single Guinness and different on who does what was the main function of Open Innovation Intermediaries at that point the main function was to look
for an innovation that was shootable for a company that Open Innovation Intermediaries were there to solve this in the problem off while we solve the palm of individual for companies by opening the search space to everything in the wall and by doing that there were so many solutions have become put into the company but this creates each created an upon which solution was the most effective 1 of these was the single for Innovation many is the core of Innocenti of all these open innovation to diminish the pictures In the social simply in probably the
sink seems to that we have all the things like managing communities like enabling process that you cannot enable from the fear of like managing communities of developers light and producing the have kept on slide doing all these kind of things is no longer about shares sink the
innovation in China yelling whatever that we can put you in our company and detect it's not maintaining process like hot at home or whatever right 2003 was working
called it I was about selecting a few companies that were hugely promising promising condemned working with them in order to make the but this is no longer the time in the digital will for Inc. This is the time for accelerators which is going to be that the finished you don't select a few companies you select a lot of companies and you tried to foster them in an ecosystem and from these many companies that you select and you try to foster many things happened probably not as b bit many things happened finding in
2003 US about companies there were competing with down the services and this is no longer the case that may be in Europe that the because representation of that was not were severely social from not hear that as good as the devices where there were not enough to compete in the market they need to compete inside an ecosystem and the
competition inside the ecosystem eastward probably defines better open innovation knowledge let's talk a little bit how this has been translated into a smart students and while here we have
some some methods some bad mechanisms to do open innovation is massive as the get many of them is what we have been talking about we have been talking about open data about they're experimenting in note lots of outcome sourcing about all the things that we're going to talk later on in the mismatched city in OpenCyc theses things that they're fostering this is not the
the added lationship that we found in 2003 of what innovation come we put in a company to make them compete better in the market this is more about maintaining communities enabling processes intermediating between 2 at the city hall and citizens in the diversity of citizens for doing things into their organizations
like these ones that we have here like much society will hold Americo for you're dead we're trying to mount high-gain no longer like the typical Open Innovation intermediaries that guests finds a solution whatever in the wall that feeds unique it's not about that it's about maintaining communities in enabling processes in a continuous way
communities and that is that the product so far away from the city hosts that cannot be media enable from the city hopes that you need something in the middle it the and while we have projects ladies 1 and so on these fundamental
change in the public sector that we try to enable because the public sector was not exactly computing which innovation that so and this fundamental saint is these between service providers and platform orchestrators platform managers managers of a good system name whatever you you want is named now this is important because if you want single dual itself as a service provider every year the 11th question is how much money they had how much my they have and would would reduce money how many services can provide with the money have and that's it you have more money you will be able to provide more services you have less money less so this these these very much wall In a
wall secrecy assistants hangable parfum orchestrators that you don't own the innovation unit and all owned a solutions so you don't pay for it and you don't have to buy them it's more about forced to and can so the question is no longer how much money you have this is not the relevant question is how can enable community to to use solutions for that how they put business models for people and developers for and a perfect to me 1 in fostering this it's a completely different question at the that let
me Toporiši? around innovation policy it we have been talking about how fast that our mentality worth thinking about innovation and change in the last 10 years that you probably don't have said to be a change in
innovation policy but the our meeting innovation policy have changed a lot and let me see little bit what our our needs in this kind of policy now the probably we work in a world where we're looking for more targeted solutions more packet things it's no longer about the distributing money that was the
case of for receipts about fostering because digital innovators of trusted hackers to producing ups for tens petition this is very bad this is not about policy you have a big solution for that you don't want to target all the injustice w you want to target follow you all their digital industries of curative industries using is said to have more specific objectives is no longer on beach boat objective of policy let's forced go under to promote employment it's more about how we wanted to do city we went a city that is more than bears all we want Contador can export in these in these in the sector of it's kind of a different story that I a big thing aims at
the insistence and behavioral mechanisms that we're sinking many and many many policies around Europe seeing insisting things like free and a free you devote tool congestion policy on time is while we change this free with is small dots and this is small that makes the difference and take some cash away it is not about the tax anomalies based small it's about putting something that is not free so it's the the use of something is the freeze something like of the knocked out instead of of
having your to opt out make the default all these disabled policies are come on now in the innovation policy the that 1 I think it's hidden we applied this to non-linear systems that and that the bigger example of a nonlinear system is traffic congestion many do I know in an old town and you have the cost at full of Colour well you don't need to take half of the cast away you do manage to take feel 4 % of the percussion away people can walk the traffic is fluid the and do not need to do is not proportional is not linear they can only a few of them and the plant itself so unit policies that encourage these nonlinear guidance systems in the digital world is the same thing can mean we want to build on that were in fact we went to beauty and induce applied effects like what sample like it's again a linear is not we push stantial we'll get them no we want to multiply fictional insist when working complex environments the environment we have multiple
solutions G is not we don't have a single policy we have many many many policies and that at and now we have a lot of opportunities and a lot of possibilities around yeah and t there we have the opportunity to manage communities to count solutions to validate and their solutions to do experiments all these affordability scum because we have idea and all these the distribution policy tool it's not and finally back well policy that have been traditionally would leave I mean the evaluation of part of what you were supported additional work has not been that much so in innovation policy we think that we can do free things in this new environment and the 1st thing is like well we we have to do and try to tap into a
distributed environment where this complex and we have many variations probably will be interesting to try to up to and the knowledge of the people that are far away and see if the policy that we are proposing can work into these different environment so operating policy in this complex environments is more important than any of the experimentation all these complicated policies that John behavior and so on we just don't know what works and what doesn't work and the only way to do it please put an experiment trying what works and what doesn't and to toward that experiments in policy have been on the degree into the wall and you have to in traffic and so on and you're thinking is how obstacle as the policies how open
other polymers many dying to have policies that that they that they focus and dishwashers if the people is the companies don't have much freedom
but if the people have a lot of freedom and North Bay William island we can afford to put more abstract policies policies that have more mobility problems with the agents can be can find their way with the way is not the only 1 state in policy so it is he is no
computer the yeah that let me talk for a 2nd
about that the projects that we tend to put it and the place the widow the but here and
in In with European presence here we foul over the focus of this and that in the not guilty of the mean than
the 1st 1 each Open Cities open to this day still eating in the last year and days to do what to do with all these things basically to explore open innovation in the public sector and tend to experiment with doing some kind of projects that cannot always to experiment in this this
have about this other different things that we're going
from outsourcing to Open Data both anomic and static will buy
lots of things using the territory in the cities for experimentation for innovation and the fiber to the home and these these are some of the time line that would we're having the Comanche for you another eaten up by the rest of the viewer didn't
think we have so much time comment for Europe's gather pride that we're doing it has 2 faces
on 1 face east tied to
work which is hackers developers and turn to produce opt facilities and on other face is about interior communication should
just and this is 1 thing that we have a excited about commentary United's sharing culturing keys an important thing for us that we have so many cities that have exactly the same problem there's no need to reinvent the wheel
in each of the city's producing the same code the same up the same solve work to solve it factory all babe a similar problems so promoting the use is not only about saving money saving taxpayers money by producing 1 to feel for a solution to instead of 10 thousand but it's about producing better solutions is mostly to in big ones cannot produce with so sharing code each 1 of the things that we're doing which see becomes the standard to initiatives I now and this is this data we have 11 fellow standby launched in the called party in the terrible part we had for fellows him for bias done in in in in Europe and this has been on for almost 1 year and this year we hope we have more fairly will by lots more cost sharing and many more things that let me finish this week quite yeah we have been talking
about the 1st think and out of the cities in the public sector service providers can be obvious would
as money they had and on the other side
is they manage platforms they have an opportunity to capture and to tap into the the richness of the host city days more than that is not only about well will be more effective by the inter-platform across state of Darfur minuses this societal implications societal the effect in the you where service providers wind up to about minus solution someone went up about known sharing loca offers about a mentable it we had about managing ecosystems where about empowering now a community
we have about empowerment of better shape and we are about to stimulating growth because all these people are going to make sure solutions for the public sector but also for the private sector I went to make sure you should for but lean but also for all this we it's not just that we don't finish on at this so this is
their job in the because seemed to be complicated that we have in the public sector the public sector huge is speaking New CPC Bobby nowadays the most active part of these policy and we need goes and we need to Istanbul and find then independent here we have a tremendous opportunity this to use it to make bundle it thank you so much
mn be we have is not
time for some sort of questions on nature is and I was wearing a because I am interesting cross sources some renewable intermediaries and as I understood you understand amenazas
cultural translators between crowds and communities and general do you could have feelings we see more communities and how you define communities because I have a feeling everyone everything is immunity and so is it really humid yours is just still connecting just groups of people of soaring if you could elaborate on that well I think that you have intermediate for everything and some intermediaries and talk about their communities and data studies distinctions and on certain communities and this is the case for example when they do have when you have intermediate and organize and developer community or a hacker community in a city many times these something in of all projects you will talk in ideal then depending on the project you do you do the it you make more different commit you use a different global or use these who in the case of the public sector in the case of his massive things how to organize citizens how to provide platforms for citizens to collaborate in the last 1 is probably more important indication of them private sector that exceeds told I mean we can optimize nowadays many companies without the east side of the counter of sensing and many duo tool and offer to embrace be my last stop that or lost and half a developer community or lost and new crowdsourcing for and uh in in in in open source and nobody can imagine any longer they do have company ladies and didn't and do the same thing it's part of the communities is stable but in that mean the private and the public sector is more or less the same thing we have to organize these these type of things and this no questions commands
so whatever it yeah yeah thank you so much time I have that's how when you think about the idea of gift to come the gift economy comes into this kind of because in public sectors that the I
think it was systems in the public sectors differ a lot from systems in the private sector and the detected form of a systems in the private sector is normally is well call we align on all 1st to compete in the together and and these little In many cases for nonprofit hateful for hot there's forcing for free football and years and chart based in the 2 room in the public sector each semester to include all these communities all these all these plots show we have 2 Busines work quite since companies with uh uh volunteers were approach he's a big enterprises that want to resell products we need a digital innovators did was to help desk and and and informal so I think that we have been we missing now this is a mix of social scene uh would example maybe it would you have a feed on the and so on we have about the off of many things that but this is the universe to upon pressure OK no more
questions the and
you know the the the the