Innovating Africa

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Innovating Africa
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Multiplication sign Moment (mathematics) Limit (category theory) Mereology
Data mining Word Multiplication sign Videoconferencing Energy level Endliche Modelltheorie Table (information)
Mapping Read-only memory Mereology Mereology
Mobile Web Message passing Distribution (mathematics) Mapping Distribution (mathematics) Blog Website Mereology Reverse engineering Reverse engineering Product (business)
Process (computing) String (computer science) Website Right angle Cycle (graph theory) Physical system
Blog Sound effect Right angle Physical system
Word Different (Kate Ryan album) Data structure Frame problem Power (physics)
Mobile Web Ocean current Multiplication sign Letterpress printing Price index Food energy Power (physics) Broadcasting (networking) Mathematics Internetworking Hypermedia Natural number Data structure Position operator Spacetime
Inference Group action Outlier Source code Marginal distribution Reading (process) Position operator Power (physics)
Word Execution unit Data storage device 1 (number) Translation (relic) Right angle Position operator Power (physics)
Metre Graph (mathematics) Basis <Mathematik> Data structure Grass (card game) Diameter
Type theory Cross section (physics) Electronic program guide Online help Instance (computer science) Student's t-test Number
Slide rule Group action Sine Multiplication sign Plastikkarte Bit Peer-to-peer Goodness of fit Friction Radio-frequency identification Internetworking Military operation Address space
Integrated development environment Multiplication sign Damping Number
Mobile Web Building Demo (music) Sound effect Cloud computing Pivot element Event horizon Supercomputer Neuroinformatik Compiler Goodness of fit Hypermedia Spacetime
Building Group action Real number Multiplication sign Affine space Webdesign Wave packet
Focus (optics) Different (Kate Ryan album) Hypermedia Self-organization Staff (military) Endliche Modelltheorie Spacetime
Collaborationism Group action Multiplication sign Information and communications technology Sheaf (mathematics) 1 (number) Bit Mass Information technology consulting Power (physics) Revision control Internetworking Band matrix Universe (mathematics) Spacetime Right angle Endliche Modelltheorie Routing Square number Local ring Spacetime
Satellite Point (geometry) Type theory Building Electric generator Neighbourhood (graph theory) Energy level Electric power transmission Connected space
Trail Prototype Ideal (ethics) Endliche Modelltheorie Physical system Wave packet
Arm Internetworking Event horizon Different (Kate Ryan album) Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy Online help Mereology Mereology Open set Product (business) Spacetime
Type theory Internetworking Event horizon Software Multiplication sign Open set Spacetime
Medical imaging Goodness of fit Power (physics)
Goodness of fit Multiplication sign Moment (mathematics) Plastikkarte Right angle Measurement
Group action Internetworking Real number Set (mathematics) Right angle Endliche Modelltheorie Computer programming Local ring Twitter Spacetime Number
Energy level Endliche Modelltheorie Spacetime Alpha (investment)
Different (Kate Ryan album) Multiplication sign Mixed reality Right angle Mereology
Type theory Medical imaging Mapping 1 (number) Spacetime
Standard deviation Different (Kate Ryan album) Multiplication sign Source code Energy level Computer network Right angle Number Spacetime
Trail Shift operator Group action Digital photography Bit Water vapor Quicksort Mereology
Purchasing Clique-width Length Insertion loss Water vapor System call Resultant Traverse (surveying)
Vapor barrier Control flow MiniDisc Cycle (graph theory)
Metre Data mining Tape drive Program slicing Right angle Hill differential equation Connected space Product (business)
Mechanism design Semiconductor memory Different (Kate Ryan album) Summierbarkeit Unicode
Multiplication sign Right angle Open set Mereology Frame problem
Kernel (computing) Chain output Mereology
Mixture model Term (mathematics) Kälteerzeugung Blog Endliche Modelltheorie Special unitary group Water vapor Parameter (computer programming) Food energy Product (business)
Enterprise architecture Electric generator Multiplication sign Universe (mathematics) Virtual machine Student's t-test Information security Flow separation Fiber (mathematics)
Variety (linguistics) Materialization (paranormal) Voltmeter Control flow
Neighbourhood (graph theory) Dichotomy Cycle (graph theory) System call
Universe (mathematics) Neighbourhood (graph theory) Virtual machine Archaeological field survey Bit Metropolitan area network
Planning Right angle Damping Mereology
Surface Tube (container) Damping Right angle Software development kit
View (database) Universe (mathematics) Bit Product (business)
Software Internetworking Real number Right angle Object (grammar) Spacetime Neuroinformatik Product (business)
Greatest element Simulation Multiplication sign Mobile Web Electronic mailing list Plastikkarte Cloud computing Front and back ends Power (physics) Connected space Internetworking Software Computer configuration Computer hardware Internet service provider Operator (mathematics) Software Computer hardware Point cloud Router (computing) Family Router (computing) Point cloud
Digital electronics Observational study Bit Product (business) Power (physics) Prototype Internetworking Grand Unified Theory Internetworking Telecommunication Normal (geometry) Right angle Endliche Modelltheorie
Revision control 4 (number) Prototype Personal digital assistant Forest Letterpress printing Planning Control flow Diagram Power (physics)
Revision control Process (computing) Closed set Virtual machine Control flow Power (physics) Spacetime
Twin prime NP-hard Telecommunication Multiplication sign Connectivity (graph theory) Artistic rendering Source code Materialization (paranormal) Right angle Local ring Connected space
Revision control Prototype Greatest element Range (statistics) Wide area network Plastikkarte Point cloud Service-oriented architecture Power (physics)
Software developer Right angle Router (computing) Graph coloring Modem Form (programming) Spacetime
Type theory Group action Digital electronics Different (Kate Ryan album) Decision theory Multiplication sign Control flow Mereology
Message passing Term (mathematics) Multiplication sign Virtual machine Normal (geometry) Energy level Special unitary group Metropolitan area network Physical system Product (business)
1 of my time limit and
a but as we saw in the
I would like to be
the moment in time and at
a lot of work on the new bond on the part of the thing and
so on and the
the the the
the might
the a good model and a who so that video was created
by some craters from the i have word Geraldine came to see me about 6 months ago about speaking public and I have the time to basically told me you can stick by if you've done because you've already because who said stuff like that before so I had with new talk and but I did want addressed a couple things are 1st off uh that last year you had marked table here a friend of mine attracted to you about the idea of Africa really how it's much more nuanced not in the old stories in all narratives that you've heard ah and it another lady by the name of item under year after Nigeria who talks about the danger of telling a single story and how it's it's really difficult if it's about people and even a country but imagine a comment how much more neurons it is that it is offered as a personal level and then
might 1 thought on on just what we think about Africa is that note that occur we live in today is not Africa the eighties and nineties but that's still in there that's talked about it in many parts of the world
the but 2 years ago I think 2011 on my mind and colleague Patrick Meier Camus spoke about Rashidi which is 1 of the companies that I co-founded and you know it's it's quite interesting and humbling to see how it's grown from from nothing
really 5 years ago now 48 thousand + maps and you know 159 countries around the world these 4 things that we never would have thought of and in other started from Kenya from air through the canyons of myself
so we're saying I think is this idea of of of reverse distribution and the in the reverse distribution of ideas products models I would see it was you know Xproc soul and what they do with counterfeit drugs to with which being an crowd-sourced mapping we've seen it with pass and mobile money I was you know it makes it a social network and this is these are ideas or products specifically in the text that are then shifting over and being used globally it and
there's an interesting story that came up uh because uh 0 Justice last week actually so and forget it's 1 of the blogs that I started to team laughin a shoes guy here by the name of that European who's a longtime team blogger on as well and ah forget it is the site where we just have tell the stories of Africa ingenuity and look at dinner the other nite I was talking to an individual who's who part of a start here
are called noble and that he was talking about how he had seen the story of of of bird
feeders made from the all plastic jugs and you know there's a drip irrigation system they're made from another job and you know just kind of
simple innovation using very practical tools and where you can find around you and he had this idea about this this what if we had a site we
just plugin what you had
and uh and then it could tell you where you could make from that right so nobles is that kind of thing but it's more even more interesting because the idea 4 noble also came because he had seen a string are forget it and then he had walked around it somewhere in Berlin you'd seen
somebody with that same bird set up and he ask them where they got it from he said well they would the I read the cycle that forget it so this idea that you know the story is a very powerful is something that's very dear to me because I know this this
conference was started by bloggers NanoBlogger myself I have been for these 8 years now I'm in and I think it's it's something that we can forget we always have to tell interesting stories because you never know what will happen
if you do that you don't know like that was a ripple effect that this you know from a story from 2008 to 2009 and that was was striking today it so this is the
picture the march of last year and this is online a long is uh off the coast of the coast of Kenya and in end the cell phone the cell phone is really made the terrestrial the phone system obsolete right so this idea they just give a whole generation and and I think this is what's important
to understand about about innovation because I discussed the briefly about my thoughts on innovation visible at a frame so what else I talk to you
about in that I think that innovation kills the status quo by use those I Use of Strong words on purpose because I think that so many people don't really think through what it means what innovation really means because if you do it all started because I was asked by people like how did how do you find innovators as I go like and in really noticed I was looking for innovators but I guess I guess because of what I do I think some of the things that we see a very innovative but you have to dig deeper into innovation it's in in in a where the power structures and that makes things be identified as innovative um because really innovation is just about doing something a little different it's not about inventiveness necessarily it's about changing and and and and moving on something different so I think that in any industry
in a society of businesses status quo powers that play these adenosine generally legacy
structures are sort of for a time and place that needed the design at so you know the example
this is big media especially the print and broadcast inside and how it's been distracted by the internet and mobile and social networking but in the last 10 years alone have uh
governments have by the military in space how bout of energy and power the always indices were were seen as innovative when they came into their own decades ago now they're legacy in both infrastructure
and design and the relevance in the current status in question by the nature of the fight to maintain the power structures that keep them in the position that they hold and changes to the foundations on which they stand it's not only scary but it's deadly so innovation comes from
the edges it should come as no surprise innovators are found at the margins they the misfits among us the 1 to see and do things differently they challenge the status quo in the power source sources a prop them up so
generally marginalized as reflexive and defensive action by those same powers I thing about what you're asking for when you say you want
innovations because when you do you're asking for the outliers the destructors the rebels to have their way you're asking for a new way of thinking and doing and you're in a position of power within it within an industry you're likely going to be upset about along the way I so the so Marie because I usually don't like reading of inference but it's very important to understand that when you ask for innovation you might not be getting what you think you're getting
right especially if you're in a position of power OK so when
Daimler Microsoft G you know
GIZ when they ask for innovation do they understand what it means it means that they're going to be disruptive yeah OK this is my dad I grew
up in south Sudan as you can probably tell when he 1st saw me I am I moved to Kenya when I was about 6 years old because the war had disrupted us there and but will you see here my dad sitting at inner to post a village my dad was a linguist and is doing translation word and you see that structure behind and that's not a house that that's a storage unit of the houses are like the ones who to the to the right which is actually bigger but I couldn't find a picture of it and these
these these structures are really hard to build you basically have to take uh bushels of brass about this big around and cut them and then you have to break them into smaller bushels and you have to be get to layer them you know you see the basis for the top them upside down they go like this now the house is about about 5 meters tall about 4 meters wide 4 meters in diameter OK so it
takes a lot of grass to do this in a the truth is that you can't
find the graphs within 50 Km yet to walk 50 Columbus so how are you going to do this with 2 people or 3 people whose house this is going to be right you don't
know the truth is that it takes a village to village comes together to build a house this is a lesson that i've learned this is the lesson that we learned about the idea that we ask each other we as the new members are you villages are you willing to help out or even individual because if you're an individual that's fine too but then don't expect a lot of help everybody else even right and In this
so you know if we started the I have 3 years ago were not to at 10 thousand + members and you know these numbers do all kinds of things this this the cross-section of technology in Kenya whether you're you know your start-up guide freeway answer i whether you're a academia type person whether you're a student or or professor governments corporates you know this this cross-section is who we are and I'm in the in the common do different things of the i have with for instance we've had
120 plus advances could be everything from your peers to user group to this is the CEO Safaricom coming to address a address the community and and have some questions that I I really wish I should've added a couple took slides here to tell a story about how he he claimed he was you know he's going to reduce the some of the friction on Internet data capping on on on your mobile phone and then he remained on that's we blog about it later and there's been a little bit of a falling out since then so blogging is still very rented and destructive as well and we also have a lot of stars
coming under there until I think we've seen just so just around 50 and in the last 3 years in in really this is about not talk about this later sponsor and the you don't understand how powerful it is to just put a bunch of smart people in room and hope good things happen and until you see it working and you really you really have a hard time measuring it but some of these guys just meant that the coffee bar we have a coffee bar in there and other people I'm just saddened there and built the start up
from scratch just 2 people or on the desk and now they have a million dollars of funding and our moving strong all we also built up this incubator um a lot of what we do the I have
is looking at the environment that were and just trying to fill in the gaps and so building the ecosystem as we as we see it that at the time in 2010 there wasn't any other uh incubators especially for a for mobile tech so that so the amounts about I we have of backing on this we've had a number of stars move through it and so them have already moved on in that in the doing summer doing well some of the washing out just like you'd expect from any inattentive incubator anywhere in the world I
recently started a UX lab uh why yet so as well because nowhere north of South Africa is anybody focusing on user experience in design so we said well let's go ahead and do that we can surely I do this and in 1 of our corpora partners Google was very interested having this done locally as well so they they helped us make this happen at the other 1 is a supercomputer cluster we had an individual from are our our community said hey Big Data cloud computing this is the future but nobody here knows really how to do it knows how to build Ford or anything can we build a a place where we can come in and act on this stuff together and then the answer is yes sure why not receiving find some sponsors and and build this thing so start off with me hauling back a trunkload of I think I had like 20 thousand dollars worth of computer equipment in a trunk coming from the US and thank goodness I got to customs about too much hassle the we also do events like this this is pivot and it happens each year and it'll be compiler this year but it's a it's an event where we have a 25 start-up companies to the pitch from the stage to investors and media and get asks a lot of questions it's so it's been interesting to see some of these guys get funding even before the events over like a civil being compiled this year so if you're heading to it if you haven't in the weekends around June 27 to exist come on down and then you can see kind of what's next coming from the mobile space in East Africa and we also support other
events so demo is demo Africa as an event that started last year in in Nairobi be naruby again this year again more start-ups but now from all across Africa not just east Africa and they in effect there run a fantastic even with that with a lot of people as well in
the the other thing we saw was missing if you if you come talk to me 3 years ago my big thing was we don't have the seed capital for people to to actually I start a company with it becomes really hard because there's no history of angel investing in East Africa or very little and because quite frankly there's this low-hanging fruit the real estate market is booming but you know if you have money miso build a building most time and so how you can get people to put money in 25 thousand euros into a small start-up which is really difficult so we started the science of an affine just just a pull some a couple together we've had 5 investments now over the last 6 months and I will see goes and then and we've also seen a
growth in and they women in text based they there's a group called the cure chicks who started up out of the i have as well and then they come they bring together girls for training for HTML or web designer sometimes t and them you know or surrogacy see is the community
itself is growing itself and then finally I have research which is 1 of our very early initiatives is also 1 of our most um
interesting because what they do is not only research for corporates and in their organizations but they also do research on the tech clubs I across Africa was ordered to next in the and the I have itself so we and we have a better understanding of who we are and what actually works and this has been receiving great for sustainability as well because allows us to bring in revenue to offset the cost of running the space you heard earlier I think I
can really understand the german but I think you heard earlier from some of the founders about the fact that there is a bunch of african tech I leadership and staff allowed to started in 3 years ago as well and in now it's it's reason to be at 19 labs in 13 different countries across Africa these are the tech hubs that have you know they they're very different in model all get to that in a minute there they can be focused on consulting work at 1st maybe they're focusing community like a like ours maybe the focused on on incubation media focus on accelerating small startups have but they they differ so the 1st year 2010 they're
just they're just 5 of us had to narrow 1 a Cameroon when you gonna 1 Senegal the this year we added a bunch more and more power you have another group come in before the end of the year a by the way I'm being a Mafia gonna get a lot of mass this next section so I mean it completed use your ability to what look at mast of Africa so now this is what we're looking at this is this is the the claimed that tech hubs across the continent and you can see that this this broad spread it really started last year beginning of last year we saw this explosion of new tech techniques and I'll make this available online if it's not already so you can find a better version of it but the idea was was that you know when we started the I have when when when have collaborated to speaker actors spaces were going on back in 2009 2010 that we're just kind of you know experimenting we had no idea what we're really doing right I am Bowie doing was setting in motion a little bit of a model that others in other countries could could also do and and the idea here is that you you look for local champions of people who are already going to do it on their own I'm in any trying back there the so in Cameroon this is active spaces
Cameroon is is is 1 of the 1 of the good ones and this has started off uh with a with a lot of a guys were doing consulting work on kind of together as a as a as a collaboration to get things going in the grown and grown since then another 1 is maybe the most creative looking at them is made out of all sitting and there's in in in in Ethiopia and this was based on on on the university campus and so has a has an academic route to it that a lot of the other tech of don't have but interestingly enough it's also really hard place to work what happens when the internet goes out for 6 weeks have keep working on internet stuff was hard for sensor that Germany right is that problem but they did recently right and it also is a reminder for guys I guess in Nairobi that when we complain about internet at least a dozen after 6 weeks at a time and hours ago for a day maybe but I still think this is a course looking 1 were were were designed it deserves an award
Nigeria has the CC of the CC have a co-creation however Nigeria is a is community-based of the really focused on social entrepreneurs are they have great corpora partnerships and and they're doing some really interesting stuff with the city that's to to make that the whole neighborhood that they're and become this tech campus for for Lagos so you can imagine a mega like like Lagos and with the type of anatase attack how with 1 little building but a whole neighborhood devoted to this and how how powerful that will be out in Liberia that there's I lab
Liberia Liberia you know I I was there a couple years back and I can tell you may know there at that
point there is no power grid I everybody had a work generators of the and the amount of money it takes to get a satellite connection for echo that I you can get is exorbitantly expensive so even set up this place and have a running was was at a whole nother level of expense and you can expect it anywhere else in the world but at the start of something going on and now 3 years later the starting to see the fruits of that because what they do is
they find guys and they train them up and these are the guys who they might be working with governments to maybe working with the NGO sector by the maybe
try their own thing but these guys starting so much for all that everybody else moving their way up and assets is just a really great story it's a slight kind of bright spot in the in Monrovia and finally
the the last model is the 1 in Ghana and this is uh mast meltwater Institute in a this you know I I don't know better way to describe it and saying masters probably like a finishing school for entrepreneurs so you go through a two-year track of just training entrepreneurship and at the end of that just post a prototype that idea
and then you get funding for but you also have a graduation I can imagine a great duration of the I have we just don't have them all all but it works here and
it is amazing things without start ups now coming out of their focused on global products not just local products in taking those 2 markets so
I mentioned earlier that we have 1 of the 1 of the advantages of of having i
have a research arm is needed to do research and so over the last 2 years uh by the funding from Indigo trust and some others are 1 of our researchers have been going around to a bunch of different cultures and 7 different tech have so far been I think 6 countries and that has the 7 countries and has come up with some basic things you know of course 1 of them is community is the center and then what else help to make this thing work difference in Nairobi it was really about understanding that the community had to be involved in the very beginning right you can come in and make something is OK were done now come help now come be a part of this right get involved early on so the credit for us to be I have was it was realizing that we had to have the uh the committee have designed a space to the space itself was designed by a craters in Nairobi and the logo but actually we we did in 99 designs competition I solve another which is which is fine I a we have a lot of the Kenyan but the craters
again of you know putting up their ideas on 99 designs and and and that's how we got the logo I've been we had the we had the networks need to be set up and again the community came in and they built the network out and they still maintain it today in community-run networks in them sometimes it goes down and they're in there on the weekend slaving away on it and you can tell that they have you can tell that they have a stake in it right this is their space and I think that's what's really
important and in this is the same thing that applies to all the other successful type of that we've seen across the continent had this very strong ownership by the time by the community in that space so
what are the lessons that that we that we learn about from these techniques 1 is that community is actually a competitive advantage
community is something that is hard to grow it's really really difficult is something that you have to focus on every single day but it's a competitive advantage of you can grow it
then you will have you'll have much more success but the 2nd 1 is is some image is have you measure serendipity is hard to understand the power of just people meeting up about smart people meaning in a room and good things happening but it really does matter in and you know I tell us that back in 2010 we were going around like the corporate partners and so Google is 1 of a mouse in the Google Office in Nairobi and and you know Joe Maschera in for the other Google guys were there and they said well how are you going to measure success that said well I think
we'll put a bunch of smart people in a room and in hope good things happen and there's this moment of like everybody looking at each other and smiling in the lecture when I were in because it's really hard for especially American companies to understand this idea that you know sometimes you can't measure every piece that become successful right and it's really I it was really is
big of them I think about time to take a risk on and we said you know will figure it out later will figure out if there's things that we can measure and you know I hear loud people saying you know like fail you know Fail fast Fail often in everything I'm against true right you want you want to have a really experimental outside to where you do but don't seek failure right the seeks success and you let the thing of it is
more about your thinking about experimentation you're you're actually try this trend experiment as much as you can if you come up with that if you come back that that kind of mind-set you get a whole lot more down because then you can
take a look at both your your successes and failures in the deal to and learn from them and you know we do this very early on ourselves as the idea of like hey we don't know were doing must be honest so that the say were experimenting with it in the things that work will double down on In the things are working will learn from and and and talk about open so 1 of the things that we we we kind of start there tell 1 the 2nd year was like well we need a mentorship program mentorship programs are not easy number 1 and major programs can be really done poorly as close as as we found out in we realize it just wasn't something that we regret that we had to figure out another model so instead of having this you know the sessions that mentors and wanna come to end the mentees were getting as much out of we say not less just partner with more of the of the investor group the investor community and see if they then will be the mentors because they're gonna be investing in the people already anyway so there's a there's a couple other things um you know I'm I'm not a big believer in aid um I think that they can be something that undermines the the real desire for something to grow internally in real ownership locally but I think there is there is a space for it when you talk about infrastructural stuff foundational things right so if I if some other country wants to help with this with subsidization of the under the undersea Internet cable into West Africa great that's a good 1 right but you know it's if somebody wants to provide some basic support for the initial set up of attack of having that's a great idea but then those taco should figure out how to be sustainable on their own otherwise otherwise are always going to be just looking for the next hand out and that's not good for them or their community you do this by finding local champions everything I mentioned earlier like I know that this this is not new for Germany's 94 Berlin I mean I think there's a thing this over a dozen coworking spaces and a lot
of a lot of accelerator spaces here in Berlin but it's something that you know we're we're learning about across the continent in the
understanding that you find the people with the fire in the belly did you already and that the the best example I have a this is a gentleman
here who's a detective of anaphora Bongo high of Zambia and back in 2010 and again this idea they want to do it as well and he and his his
friends you know they visited the I had to kind in understanding of it they went back down they figure out the model that will work for them at the local level in it happened and is now 1 of the most vibrant of the tech hubs even those not a huge and then there's this question accuse popping up about why Berlin where we here where these alpha labs uh and that you're going to have a chance to meet them in the Global Innovation allowances out in the main hall at why
why we meeting in Berlin we are we're kind of tongue-in-cheek all the Berlin accorded but
because it's this time when it is the 1st time that the tech hubs have ever met traffic
and and the idea is that we have a chance to talk to you a chance to figure out if there's something that's shared between us and the only way those fossil because I GIZ sponsored all the flying in and meets and I think that too is something that's interesting this idea that you can you can have people going between different countries and they and and that there's there's a real value in the
mixing of the blood right where you get people from different parts of Africa here meeting up with their counterparts from other parts of the world including Germany and and hopefully vise versa
will see some of those type of leaders from work or require co-creation spaces here going to Africa as well what are the
master came out of it was this from yesterday and and this map was just of who was represented and then there's a real and there's something else treated right after this this image was put up online that but it was was almost inverse to this which is a
map of a heat map of the Global Innovation in spaces around the world and so the truth is that this isn't this just isn't being measured very well right yet and that's actually story of this
that African type of leaders are Archpoet ones talking so you say you know the what's interesting is
that not that we we don't have innovation happening in Africa like it with like it seems on Asia right but that it's it's it's not being really studied yet or the standards for are being applied in different way like 1 of the big problems we have about um about innovation house measured is that people say was how many patents are put up each year all you know how hard it is to patent in some these countries um is very different right so it's even harder to maybe even get the the the numbers from the government to support what what was said so you know we have to come with a different way to measure innovation globally is actually what was the answer to that and then
finally should there be a global network of of these tech hubs or at least a a gathering of source that happens from time to time so that we learn from each other we're doing this in Africa the Rafah labs and is there is a room or as a space for something to happen every couple years at a global level I think there might be but I'm also another person decide that that's
the that's what has to come out of the the the networks and on their own I OK and the shift gears here little bit talk about
making things this is actually what the geeky fun stuff that I love and so this is a sort of all I made and this is in Tanzania and India is made from plastic bags and wine and put together to but 2 years ago I was up in
the up in the northern part of Kenya and it was there with when my friends regret about there as well and a couple photographers he's taking them up there to take pictures of i the from this a group about water and in the end these really really dry areas and that never saw rain will except for this like 2 weeks that we were up there had more rain and those 2 weeks that have been seen in 20 years there is new rivers that form that are actually still there today there's lakes now that didn't exist before and you know driving along on the very 1st nite and we're off on this track and we just slithered through about a kilometer of this really crazy money to much this drives but there's this little a little bit of
goal in front of us and you think that being kind of all laughter guys who can a grown-up and then some Bush country we would the smart enough to jump out and check the depth before you
we drove through but we didn't and this is the result i would bog down it was it was terrible because the actually the width of the vehicle by that the length of the call is actually the exact with of the goalie so you measure these big fingers on the front back right and you drive in your think think and you can't move forward or backward try you like you just stuck in there so this is 8 PM at nite and so we pile out this is moving water so we know we have to move quickly because what's happening if it if you given for a drive is you know that the waters washing underneath the tires so your tires are getting Our now off the ground and therefore you have no purchase at all to move so we're out there we jump on like but it was a shovel loss traversal of great and was good the
winch out and that the book was was good be on the hilus Jack out could have a jack out where were cranking it up cranking up In handle breaks OK I so what else we have we have barriers among Mount Sinai is cycle of this long it's got a handle on and it's guidance is double bladed so that will sort don't we can't they got in front of us because too steep so we start behind the vehicle and the ECB being underneath the vehicle that point of
but were starving into the ground this disk and fortunately it's kind of loamy sandy soil were were starving to ground taking turns and about 11 30
outstanding down and had been tired of my hand slips down down the blade and you know I've got scars not prove it and you know just slices right into the meter mining and in and that's it for the nite right and so you grab a towel wash it out tape it down and just kind of hoping it to a hospital or clinic or something the next stitch up but you know what's the lesson from this uh for for us is that in many things in Africa you have to do it on your own you have to fix it there's nobody else is going to do it for you right and so this this idea of practical innovation about things but about coming up with your own uh ways to solve problems is really important the next day my my friend who I grew up there with height about 7 kilometers to a hill got a cell phone connection We estimate people come in and anchors out but it but the idea of this of a practical
products and practical innovation comes from this base that nobody else is going to help you and you can just go to a storm buy another 1 very easily these are tools and in
for a again at a small engine repair
Nairobi you see through them memory half our are made by himself fabricated by they've got it good looking in you know but do they work yes now I'm actually a couple examples of
these a couple different things this is a this is a seed planting tool but that this is the top end of it and this is the bottom end of it now this
isn't gonna um this guy who lived down a rural area build this device after he had seen a sum a pill dispenser mechanism is set up so I can use that that idea and I can make this that who knows if that's patented by some someone or that of medical he's made a couple hundred of these and sold other people and and it but it's it's is hearty tool that's about stalling just walk along the ground and you conquered in and you plan your mazy play whatever you pointing but impractical simple
innovation and
and hand In a presence
a a a a
a I
think my
it's bit about building this new and building a car right something that you know why wouldn't follow that but he's he's doing you know got imports of the parts from China and India and other places but all a
fabrication not in in Kenya the frame is still there and I now is able to offer to 6 thousand but dollars
apiece and you can pre-order now which is great i've assume drama Nairobi from time to time and it's it's it's interest because what you're saying you're saying that had you know it doesn't just have to be simple stuff you know I talked to about half a gadget and you know some of the stuff
that we've had from Africa they're like best right like this is a a bottle opener right
very simple 1 and it's actually you'll you'll see this design elsewhere in the world Anderson but uh screwed in a piece of wood but the you know the idea is that they make it look all pretty and so tutors and so the companies as as things of
thinking about the another example is this
is a paraffin lamp and there there's actually a whole supply chain behind how the trash gets from the the the streets and gets into facilities that where they get moved around input to different parts of the soul to the guys to make these things they sell for a of maybe 40 cents in euros um and you can you can see is nothing nothing very
special about it but if this is what where this this kernel land is what like so many houses across the continent last year
um mark also talk to about you ecology ecology is this idea this is that the term for in East Africa that has different terms in and around the continent is is a city of the hot sun and these guys who can obtain metal out there in the hot sun and I don't have the energy of a picture of this but if you if you look down here this bellows is run by about a bicycle but with another guy turning like this an old bicycle then has been turned into a bellows and itself so you know the book with
the with the blog are forget it started I think that was in 2006 and then and then make with maker for Africa and even the replied 2009 we start to see a lot of really interesting stuff so on really you're quickly through a couple of them so you get an understanding of of what's going on um across the continent you see a couple already this is a professor he uses magnesium and water and makes the heating device and then what makes a heating mixture that he puts in sigh like an old refrigerators and then you can actually store things with with a certain monarchy now the having been in Guyana had don't no idea more but this is a good case in and just using some scientific knowledge and so this argument to make a product I
am this film makes sisal rope machine commune for this is that like I think this is the 4th and 5th Generation of both the fiber separator and machine itself in the start-up than in rural Kenya is now is actually fellow now I'm does some really cool stuff and it basically I besides inventing it or or iterating on another invention and he's he built a business out of it so this idea of making enterprises very much at the heart of most of what you see coming out of Africa because nobody has time for the for the fluffy stuff you have to make money and to live
1st but they suffered as like this so this this guy was also in Nairobi and here that the unfortunate that his university student and he had the unfortunate experience of having a and his TV stolen from his room and so so why not let that happen again and so if you look really closely you'll see this is
really like a circuit board he made from scratch but and if you look down the lower left you'll see that the shocker this as 400 volts so if he doesn't turn this thing off with a cell phone and he gets a signal when it gets when something breaks at his house in turn off and that the the door itself is wired up to 4 100 volts again you'll die if you if if he doesn't do this and it's got 11 stages right so this is not some simple like OK that's the only thing that 11 stage security system this fascinating but and we also that other people who
can use all materials so this is all plastic and uh that comes from a variety of places but a lot of them are plastic bags remain into our designer accessories
and then we we seen guys in in Egypt like these guys built a self-driving car it's kind of I cobbled together a little that's not quite like the Google's self-driving car but you know there'll to make a run and I had too many people the and then in Nigeria we had these guy called
dichotomies goes call we cyclist and they basically it wasn't so much the invention itself as the business innovation around it right so they'd mislead they took a bite and modeled on and then they drew the cycle those around the neighborhoods in Lagos and um they pick up trash and this is sponsored and funded by corporates who then basically get some good CSR out
of that as well and it's it's really been effective in living growing this is started last year there already are making had a bit of money to this
survey Nigerian a hi yes and this old man um this machine he hand built upon this machine can do about everything you can imagine to yams into potatoes and I can crush them became the shred on it can do about everything you'd ask and it also helps them he was a ceiling into the US for university you know 50 years ago I came back to Ghana and these 70 something years old and he has machine is trying to
market around because there's so much waste in the in the in the agricultural sector he saying if we if people were use these kind machines of just neighborhoods
or communities were to invest in this kind of thing that be so much uh so much about ways to be saved and finally and I write a motorcycle to so this is my when I favor guys and he doesn't go by name he goes by his initials right STEM but in he
has he built this strike from scratch everything from scratch immunizing the motor but he he built the same scratchy drives around Lagos and he has um
you know plans to be build some modern sell them to other people but but is this idea that you know you can actually make things with very little at your disposal and end and that this idea that people will buy them is is a major part of the innovation for these guys and finally this is a a toy these toys hydraulic toys made by a 14 year old kid I and again this is the latest again for the last native Africa we had in it you know this is completely work is just it is a
mechanic kits that you might buy here right with syringes and little tubes but imagine if you were making that all from scratch right you had a and and if you notice that there has a battery pack a laugh because it drives as well it doesn't just kind do the hydraulics please also wired up of motor inside it to medicine toys and and you hope that guys like this will go on to bigger things in the future so what can we
learn from this from 1st is held a lot going on out there I mean this is just scratching the surface were were just a maker for Africa in a different
country every year we've done in Ghana Kenya Egypt and that Nigeria and many was going on were not saying to local problems the local solutions right so the guys who are building these things you know what the problems are so it's a good you can
be a little bit arrogant view a common thing that they have the solutions for them 3 support support and growth for lacking specifically in the foundational support of the tools and the things that they need to make it work for example but
not tell you a little story about what my our own and we basically decided we need to make something to so as a Jedi we we have a product that we're just watching actually today but but we went we went around them into the university narrowly FabLab and hasn't charges there but you know there's actually only 9 FabLabs all of Africa and 6 of them are in South
Africa there's 2 in Kenya 1 in Ghana and iced Addison ice
like Cairo or doing stuff with 3 D printers and some fabrication now but this is a real gap right there's this is not a lot of fabrication tight spaces and and and in tools available for people who are new need to actually make physical objects which is by the way what 1 of the reasons why I think software has accelerated so much as because it takes so much less to do to get into it you just at a
computer you access to the internet so we decide to
build around products I'm we said what you know what we have a problem with
it is in that activity because if you're shop if you're in a goes down for a 3 minutes you rather has to reset right or if your electricity goes off you year-over-year rotary sets and
sometimes the internet service provider can be a little bit slow so you know what could you do to some could give yourself a different options so we said well list that must make this device in this this picture has a router for 20 people but this lecture has 8 hours of battery backup so the power goes out it could still work for a whole day and this picture fails over the 3 G and so has a SIM card in it so that way if you're no more than a connection goes out you can just you can choose another option but more than that you can unplug the power and added and you guess what you you have a walking Wi-Fi hotspot where you go so it travels as well and and and and also has all the 18 data for every other country in the world so if you go to a different country just another SIM card in there and you be connected as well and then a family that has a cloud-based back in time so that it has really both the software and the hardware API you can plug any sensory 1 into the GP I O ports on the bottom and you can use the cloud side to write software for it and then
you use it and operators for anywhere in the world the so this device is called the brick and we that is the easiest most what reliable way to connect to the
internet anywhere in the world you when you don't have that have have power electricity and is again be a big product in Germany it is not our
concern really care right is indeed a product in Kenya yes this is the only thing that we we use quite a bit so we walk you through this
this is the guts of I think this is the
3 of the prototype right it's ugly making stuff is hard it's harder when you're in Africa right so this is the guts of it in you know nothing special those of you understand the the circuit to study disease modeling of stuff I'm here use these just normal hodgepodge of electronics try and make it
work you know we had a diagrams in it in a little fancy and everything and obviously in size never look that plane and this is
version 1 prototype can see we just kind of camera on a while way a T P linking them together and had a power back upon it very simple a works was keep trying
so this is virgin to and the Subaru came to our aid person 3 we
say hey let's put it inside and then a nicer case right wouldn't it be cool if it was waterproof wealth way yet drillholes and this is no longer waterproof so that in really work and
go to this this 4th version prototype version for the break itself is now we have a printed on a 3 D I 3 printer print off are are moles forest basically and
it's cool feel like we actually have something finally we get to this version so this is January in Nairobi we've got this nice 3 D and rendering of what is going to be the break like this is great and we that I can use the logo power button is often right except for the
fact that we had to go on to university Nairobi FabLab I to know it in the problem is that some of the space is there they're fantastic they give you a chance for people to try new things but they don't always uh there are always well maintained and so we just in 2 days with our engineers down they're just trying to get this machine into close enough allowances that we can actually do the milling and so is really a painful process and experience for us and this was
it finely milled out and you can see and it's not always as
beautiful as you think it's gonna look in the 3 D rendering and and we learn some lessons that right
and then these lesson there are things that you know because of opposition because of what we do in our connections with you know like I have anaphylaxis and we wanna do something about it 1st small that of her facilities do not meet basic requirements for protecting and small-scale manufacture fabrication right because you can do very easily there especially doing something with electronics the 2nd course materials are high so if you're here Berlin and you need uh in doing OK or some other small components you can have an overnight at the at pretty low cost we can do that in even in Nairobi which is 1 of the big cities in Africa it's expensive and it's it takes time last local electrons resources like the twin are hard find at all like you can't think there's no there's no you can source at all locally so today we're launching the
broker that's on Kickstarter when alive thing then I last nite here's prototype version 6
and it's gonna get smaller already small it's about as big now and the idea is that you can plug in 10 into its hands extend the range that has
power USB and has lot LAN and WAN and card slot it also so a USB so that you can power other things of that if you need to and at the bottom of the has GPS opens so you can put any sensor in the world into it and then run it remotely via the cloud a but
so we have a saying in initially that
if it works in Africa work anywhere in a lot of things that were building off of our very simple technology is
just like this there's nothing new about a
router is nothing new about a modem right but the fact is nobody's color together in the form that we need in Africa
why we so using the what that connecting the devices made for Berlin and New York when we live in Nairobi in New
Delhi so what are the things that were committed to doing that this year is the development of space in
Nairobi item attached to the I have this chemical gearbox it is really just about really rapid prototyping and and this has
some small-scale fabrication that we have such a hard time doing ourselves right so we know kind of the pain and of of this and and we ask this question of what happens if we take those to a colleague at this guys were used to baking inventing new stuff decide by being
stuff with a hammer and we take them and mix them with this really active vibrant and high tech group has come to these hubs what happens when Easter melding those 2 different types of cultures together we don't the is we don't know yet but we think that we're gonna see a lot more things like the break I'm coming from it and again he said to give some examples of things that do come out of there
already we have a Robotics Group at the I have you know this is a in just a drone has been used for wildlife monitoring and handled by this guy the part of that circuit but this is a a
machine that this guy creditor term of solar panels so that they still the sun
In this this is a a span an SMS-based or a text message-based of cooking system so values are a normal food in East Africa it said this kind porridge and so
when you used with this young man he working in the text message to his house it starts as machine up
so is it his values waiting firmly land so disclose and that the reason after his
poor is not that has 2 little agriculture it is too much agriculture none of industry so this technologists as people who deal with a high tech world it's our role as well the think of how we're going to set up the future so that we have more manufacturing and industry that build real businesses as well In fact as a lookout at Berlin over walked around yesterday I think about the fact that many of the problems that we see in Europe new problems that many of the poems that we see in the US can be solved by some the solutions and products and ideas that are gonna come from places like Africa and Asia and so and I think about it that way because I think about I get to see everything that so much more of a basic level I see the tech hubs across the continent ICT innovations coming from I see the products come from Ghana and Liberia Cameroon and I say surely this is a time where Africa really hits the world stage it is not seen as any anymore as a as a as a consumer is just a consumer of technology but now as a creator of technology for the rest the world they very much you
have this means that if
you have a the