News you can't print - Journalism beyond the article

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News you can't print - Journalism beyond the article
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Journalism needs to explore new ways of tell stories - to start using the web as a medium more fully and move beyond the established form of the article. In our workshop, we want to explore what the best format is to express a range of news stories. News on the web brings us an entirely new platform, yet the people and institutions that run news sites are tied to the legacies of the print world: we focus on creating articles on a daily basis, in a set of fixed formats that are dictated by newspaper technology. As part of the Knight-Mozilla OpenNews Program, eight fellows are embedded in different newsrooms around the world, including the two of us at ZEIT Online and SPIEGEL ONLINE. Our goal in these two newsrooms is to find cutting-edge approaches for using technology in telling the news.
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stick to the subject of the change of journalism and digital times after investigation 2 point all we are going to listen to all news you can print and we have 2 people from the like still open news program which is addable church of who is always a program at site online and we have a because the American who is who is not much to learn all the news program ach B 2 B and they would show was what else you can do it in journalism then only writing articles maybe using databases with realization anyway have fun it trying I mean about this is Friedrich encouraging
Christmas that we call maybe we could do a small intimate conversation that he she can presents India the and many maybe a sorry I think we can a little which show a little a little and intimate workshop that just few more of you than we expected and we city so we thought we do presentations data take so this is an means you can print the whole we would have a little he's taking case you can answer some of the Christians along the way the so I we our my Mozilla fellows do we are part of a nightly news program which embed society nologists inside newsrooms there are 8 of us this year and we're kind of all over the place some of us in america some of us in Germany have few in the UK the the where a freeware where invading newsrooms are minus around that I made in this year's site online in Friedrich's as we go online In weekly Britain's together so the things that
we have come to understand about our tricks around the newsroom so far is that were still figuring this out were still adapting so we were in the Boston Globe down in the picture archives which is where 1 of our fellows took this photo can have an articles and
photos of everything they had since the dawn of time this is the old way and so when it comes discussion about what an article is an article is no longer a thing that we can count up and put in a folder and referenced by keywords in the basement of an organization it is a kind of uh and you think making the on-line and I'm not really sure what it tells us it tells us the headlines in some context and perhaps the description of a singular event but it doesn't necessarily tell us what the story is
the so what is the story the story is a correction events under singular narrative In the light wants to move beyond the article a kind of descriptor for what it stories at the peace is a continent we can produce around this narrative could be or lifelogging or article it could be a print magazine article or it could be on line on your I take or near Iceland so we
wanna talk about what it means to go beyond the article in terms of the story the so we almost no fall article + clubs yeah so that's the next thing it's gonna but as extra description about the key players in the places it's got a bit of a the elongated and a story telling it is a feature and yes
they're not the only people that don't like this kind of explored of story telling happens outside of the newsroom 18 the annual do this kind of narrative storytelling including some of the parallax effect on the in your report they bring in stories from their users and create a narrative around what happened that year so clearly the solution is
the parallax effect right there are other things
about what is the story what you need in order to create this story and explain his story to your readership on your audience you need to key people you need to explain the context of the people that the inside that story and you need to know where they had story is taking place In each Niehaus relevance to you in what you can do with it so we know that the BBC here and he lived takes on a story a lot of a summary extreme it seems underneath the articles to explain a little bit
about what a story it is and how it's not just the article the it is about context and
relationships and it's about the ongoing events and the place that you wanna be reading inside those events where I you up to you in the context of that story there are a lot of the intermediate
solution so far we have 10 pages we can see a list of all the articles have either been written maybe all of the content if your news organization produces more than just the article and he conceded that Google some also produces a kind of aggregated story if
so once you've decided what extra pieces around your article you can display in order to explain your story it just leaves the body of the article how do we how we represent vectors ongoing narrative so lacks is a this to let's is a a way of showing you the involving the body of your article the the anyway to distribute this
kind of we use the for this kind of story architecture is by re-imagining news architecture would
so 1 of the 9 groups of people have been doing this is in P. I'm they have this beautiful idea of time create once publish anywhere they created small pieces of content that describe this story and they published it had on their API any any uh application that kind of consumes this can get an idea of how that story is evolving in the in the medium for which their readers are reading that so if I if I wanna talk about a it in Pierre content on my Foreign they will look very different from the
NPI content on a Web sites on a nine-page anywhere else it OK so I mean we've looked a bit how basic and we may consider taking apart articles they're taking taking this notion of having as a stream of text that was useful in print and turning it into a more kind of modularized and and granular I set of items of content right and and what I think is interesting about that is that it means that we can no no longer only include bits of content that come from our own organization that we produce of cells but of course also that we can take external pieces of content and this too but parts in particular that I think are worth looking at M 1 1 source of of content of course is very very um established by now I think it's kind of user-generated content starting with the common boxes on your page but going up to 10 of the sifting through all the social media reaction that happen outside of of of your news environment and in
in the wild can affect Facebook and Twitter and Google + and whatever other media there are and I think it's interesting to look at how we how we can consider new sources of content from the social realm and I talk about the less sort around it afterwards and so for example this is something that the guardian has developed where basically they now have a platform that 3 usable for letting people contribute to and pictures and media to a particular topic so basically the people themselves can bring together the pieces that they think it's me need to be in the story with interesting of course is that I'm i've picked up the 1 about election leaflets where they collect what kind of some propaganda as being published by different actors and which is kind of interesting to look at is this curve to different by job refuse a different by and by by by by such a don't have a kind of critria of the area where it's being distributed all the kind of questions and but of course I am the most popular category on that side as food so you center choose a few food and you would apprise if you got the best food and which I think you have 1 hour R&D an another kind of more maybe a highbrow attended thing this is for you what the
economist as they have 1 dB and debate weak in this debate they tried to really get the pro side in the con side to lay out the arguments to make clear what the case is in each case and then have the public make their own make their own comments but also given voting that's ongoing as preceding the kind of both give it give general sentiment and introduce new points to the debate and I think this is really interesting is also I think an example for kept taking your audience very seriously and I guess that's kind of interaction there were based in between how serious you take your audience on top and health and series your audience takes you and the so that's on the feedback to what I
what I wanna talk a bit more about is this idea of information icebergs and that is for that may be but of my on my background I used to mainly built data
science society that take public information of of some kind and make it more accessible more available on the web and some examples here of this Parliament tries to take data that's coming out of the German parliament and make it easier for you to track what's happening in Parliament open spending is this allow to to give go through public spending and then analyze how different countries as spend their money what the difference between the budget the the allocated political amounts and the actual spending individual transactions is all this kind of really interesting political data on the back that you've got something way we did try to get data about the European Union and what kind of lobbying is going on there so can we find out who is influencing decisions how they're influencing decisions of course all of you know about lobby pluck which has done this in a very kind of interesting and informative way as well and so what's the informal what's the
difference really between this and this but the difference between and what what what I like doing which is kind of building these massive databases and what do journalism is really about which is building these narratives right the you've got a piece of text it's almost all narrative it's really a story that's supposed to be read by humans and this is the thing that's barely accessible to humans started this something where I mean no new side that would self-respect itself would put a search bar in the middle of its home page that's not just not done right that's not how I communicate with people that's how you communicate with databases and so how how do we how do you make these 2 things integrate more seamlessly and why would we want to do that and I want you
to permits 1 of them of will when the room is a journalist or by any affiliation our worldliness sampling and fantastic and so blue and it basically you all know this parameter right that 1 for news and this is the 1 for data I guess right so and what I find interesting is this and you set this idea everything you happen the 1st 1 or 2 or 3 sentences but now basically it's no longer true that we need to have this because we can have all the columns space we want right so the green area here is basically what news organizations are kind of used to publish you may have a very up-to-date news the short article that just explains this and that and that has happened this is the ongoing ongoing update from the court proceedings in this case and or that the more long-term care have a long-form journalism that explains bit more detail contextualizes gives perspective and all this stuff because there's a lot of stuff below that as well right there's your archives this that's all what you have that you've published before but that you've kind of forgotten about my maybe and in that you know trying to monetize any longer and and even that is still an open discussion of overworked whether that should be on the web where they should live somewhere else and and and and I wanted to make available and there's this whole realm of other data that can be found right there's more and more data available if you want to know exactly how good to and the schools in your in your in your country are a new district on your city there is tools to find this that there there there is more more data out on that when trying to argue for here is basically the idea that more jealous and should start looking at building these databases that basically as if if you have a database you have an ongoing source of stories given an ongoing source of narratives and that you still are required to build this bridge from here the stuff that's really um down the details to up their work it turns into something that's easily readable that's easily digestible that's easily accessible but still there the advantages of this because you may want to allow people to climb down the chain and so 1 thing that and that the people may want to do is to personalize that information right to find out not only what is the general story for all of Germany for all of Europe but to find out what is the story from for me how does how does this affect me in practice and another thing that you may want to do is to all people will fix for supper for some topic which is interested in some topic to find that information that they really interested in I mean the the old assumption about the news organizations that then use it cater to a mainstream audience that they need to cater to everyone and that's still true to some extent but you can also allow yourself to cater to more specific audiences if you can optimize automate the the process of getting at the information of slow down you more and the final thing is that get the having this data having it and understood form being the making of a database mechanism that's even more profitable than journalism and there are some organizations that already kind of base the business models of the such as Bloomberg Reuters and were making mainly based on keeping databases and then the good yeah uh the journalism that's on top almost becomes the advertising for the underlying database and and I think that in many senses you can you can develop that as a model where basically the the journalism new release is really a showcase for how good the information you have is anybody can think about where you can you can monetize that information and by the way
for that you need public Open Data and so for some examples of this this is 1 is the classical example I don't know how many people you're familiar with provably kind their work not that many OK so before because they is a chair is-a and nonprofit organization they're not a news organization traditional sense and that most of the time when they do they do so they publish stories and they don't publish them on their own pages they publish them together with another newspaper with another news organizations to what they do is they have a fantastic team of coders and investigative journalists and they they do long investigations into attitude databases into particular news sources and in this example for example they took and data about nursing homes and body together and so that not only can you get a picture of how nursing homes are and in terms of quality across the entirety of the United States but you can also then go down into your user code and find out what grandmaster and I think almost like back and this is why I wish I could school right now but it doesn't work and so this has both levels it has covered the general narrative and has led lower would really affects me what really concerns me and a similar thing here database
he just took this very kind real-time information about and the disaster recovery efforts that happened after the hurricane last year I think in and November September and you have October them around a Hurricane Sandy were basically a lot of love and property and and and place were destroyed in US and they they they very quickly went in there and find out what the femur was of financing in terms of repairs and that's a fantastic database right because the number 1 you can find out exactly what stuff is already being repaired in my town so it's it's it's good so for that but also you may be able to find this allocation in some in some in some cases every a a more interesting example is
this the Texas Tribune and basically a familiar with them have the many basically they used to be a and they used to be a normal news organization but now they've basically died and been we were reborn as something that basically tries to get databases about Texas so that the core business almost as trying to get these different databases and having them in great form of having them them running well for them and then they do investigative work based on top of that and they they really make that into into an art form and so that would be the sum of the example there is of course a fantastic example from Germany also and this is like the flight data for for Berlin and where basically you can type in exactly where you live and then you'll see how many flights are passing probe of my house today what kind of noise level you have to expect of course is not just for so information also goes back up again to this that we want to ask an and OK is it what what kind of flight routes are OK what is really the impact of opening the new airport how this and the new flight routes compared to the or flight routes in in in terms of how many people they affected and what have and what kind of pollution may cost so I think these are these really nice examples of year of using basically the the the war a the vast amount of public data that's available and making it into a good foundation that has value of itself but then can also be used as a foundation for reporting and more and more interesting ways and the defend best part about it we can all happen out in the web where is accessible to everyone and people can really find out more for themselves and so that's
already this and the the the quick into we want to give you and some more information if you want to find out more there's a and discussion space that we have going call source and we try to bring together people there were involved in journal coding were involved in the creating coding creating in and narratives of stories that related and related to journalism in some way and we don't like it I would love to bite you could all come there and and and discuss with us how this cue we can have a tighter integration between code and and journalism so that's no longer the platform that is sense there and then the journalism happens on top of that there's more kind of what's going between these 2 things that connect them and that really make them attractive in meaningful ways and so that's all contexts and if you have any more ideas basically we can't have this place forever but we gotta go outside and have a drink and maybe we then we can start a debate on how we can of take apart the article how we get get into a new form so that it becomes an up-to-date document of what's happening that can both give me the latest information and context information that I really need that you once I think
the world and if you