Shadow libraries - Pirate archivists

Video in TIB AV-Portal: Shadow libraries - Pirate archivists

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Title
Shadow libraries - Pirate archivists
Title of Series
Number of Parts
126
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License
CC Attribution - ShareAlike 3.0 Germany:
You are free to use, adapt and copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in adapted or unchanged form for any legal purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor and the work or content is shared also in adapted form only under the conditions of this license.
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Publisher
Release Date
2014
Language
English

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Subject Area
Abstract
Shadow libraries host millions of (scientific) books and tens of millions of journal articles. How do they operate? What do they offer? Who uses them? For what reasons? Come and see how pirate libraries that cost less than 2000 USD/year may shape the future of libraries.
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Data acquisition Acoustic shadow Library (computing)
Information Multiplication sign Bit Freeware Library (computing)
Group action Key (cryptography) File archiver Computer network Information Open set Cartesian coordinate system Error message Open set Element (mathematics) Library (computing)
Distribution (mathematics) Formal grammar Heat transfer Mereology Open set Library (computing) Task (computing)
Copula (linguistics) Distribution (mathematics) INTEGRAL Multiplication sign Plotter File format Set (mathematics) Database Mereology Stack (abstract data type) Replication (computing) Bit rate Computer configuration Core dump Library (computing) Formal grammar NP-hard Point (geometry) 10 (number) Connected space User profile Radical (chemistry) Frequency Telecommunication Interface (computing) Website Endliche Modelltheorie Metric system Point (geometry) Server (computing) Freeware Service (economics) Computer file Software developer Mass Content (media) Number Partial differential equation Internetworking Term (mathematics) Traffic reporting Form (programming) User interface Distribution (mathematics) Copyright infringement Server (computing) Interface (computing) Weight Graph (mathematics) Code Core dump Database Algebraic closure Integrated development environment Table (information) Library (computing)
Point (geometry) Service (economics) Copyright infringement Computer file Forcing (mathematics) Mathematical analysis Electronic mailing list 3 (number) Number Arithmetic mean Sign (mathematics) Goodness of fit Mixed reality
Standard deviation Greatest element View (database) Mathematical analysis Average Number Centralizer and normalizer Logic Energy level Circle Game theory Formal grammar Distribution (mathematics) Mapping Electronic mailing list Theory Computer Physicalism Library catalog Computer programming Algebra System programming Energy level Abelian category Force Library (computing)
Existence Email Service (economics) Mapping Content (media) Mathematical analysis Mathematical physics Number Type theory Arithmetic mean Profil (magazine) Natural number Information Resultant Library (computing)
Dataflow Distribution (mathematics) Direction (geometry) Shared memory Thermal expansion Division (mathematics) Database Line (geometry) Mereology Theory Wave packet Formal language Product (business) Number Category of being Different (Kate Ryan album) Natural number Personal digital assistant Green's function Computer science Family Library (computing)
User interface Game controller Service (economics) Content (media) Mass Database Ripping Mereology Product (business) Exclusive or Strategy game Personal digital assistant Internetworking Acoustic shadow Musical ensemble Reading (process) Library (computing)
Computer virus Building Distribution (mathematics) Copyright infringement Interface (computing) Forcing (mathematics) Real number Moment (mathematics) 3 (number) Library catalog Control flow Stack (abstract data type) Goodness of fit Exterior algebra Strategy game Operator (mathematics) Representation (politics) Video game Contrast (vision) Musical ensemble Library (computing) Row (database)
Type theory Word Service (economics) Internetworking Civil engineering Projective plane Maxima and minima Computer programming Library (computing) Physical system Flag
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Frequency Statistics Process (computing) Information Term (mathematics) System administrator Multiplication sign Speech synthesis Website Number
Data acquisition
so this is not the best
thing about thank you thank you very much
of welcome of does anybody here remember argue that the library that and you can use the your hands up if you're users quote that
I wanna too much and I'm a bit surprised that on to give you an inside what it
was it was this is how it looked like so it's shut down and early on in 2012 and it was a scientific pilot library having around 1 million in different our documents mostly scientific books free for everyone to download the document charge without restrictions it was very much like that of the practical realization of Polish what's going from manifesto and which is set around the same time that Wikipedia gained prominence we need to take information about every make are copies and shared with the world we need to take stuff that's out of copyright and added to the
archive the need to the for the databases and put them on the back the need to download scientific journals and upload them to fashion and that we need to fight for away from the star and this is this is the text and the the pedia libraries and you was its practical application of this well what has happened since then you know that are short committed suicide partly because of the investigation that use this very local manifest the worst achieve key of element in these charges on but we also know that the the the PV alive and that a new a down in early 2012 due to the legal action of ruled by various academic publishers of from around the globe but the idea the
of having an open scientific error kind of text and the journals and books and articles
has not died and it's in fact of the matter on my work for the last 2 years has been the only such as library shuttle libraries if like part of the support of a larger research methods that
tries to track the formal transfer of knowledge of and its impact on higher education both in developed and in developing countries and my task and that is to trace the line of of all channels of distribution channels for scientific knowledge from this special interests in posted the pedia pilot scientific libraries and the topic of this talk today is a lot of it's not it's true name itself so the men have chosen after Bush's of protects of this resource of its own it's an aggregator of free-floating text archives it started out in the Russian
of part of the internet as a small collection of academic stacks of digitized by Russian higher-education scientific institutions during the 19 nineties but indeed a closure of the the PDE library that and you it gained prominence and now is the number 1 destination for scholars all around the
world to gain access to of books and articles are freely and without any restrictions but also as a radically open infrastructure of which I will explain how in a minute it is a radical move from course of so unlike other requirements resources which make things available through them but they don't make themselves available on this side of the service makes it not just the text books downloadable but it's database all the files on the server called everything you have and as such as the nation's policy pirates sites from time to time used to protect themselves at basins danger but it's up in the very core of the mission of making science accessible on not having any restrictions the the financial or technological or other in front of gaining that access it has a small dedicated our community around it it provides the technical from infrastructure and includes boost scientific collections that are floating over the mass of sometimes we think you libraries of provided by publishers but but it's they have created an environment but which is very friendly to innovation of replication to access which makes them option that this is how they look like and they have around 1 . 2 million scientific books around 20 million scientific journal articles beside comets and literary works of fiction of the of plot their core also an infrastructure and metric science because they're very easy to replicate the enable innovation like this site which state the core because they can and because they are encouraged to so and they can in the way it using that the late on how it's financed originally how the user interface with being the weight on what is the Council ported to cut of the also in the latent form In in the late on a number of things and they're experiment what is the best way of distributing looks scientific books for the for this community of they have an informal connection sometimes they do know sometimes they do not know of who those of downstream the raters are indeed served as a distribution interface and the point of contact with the ball Elof being the core library does not seek publicity they want to preserve the integrity of the what we have more in the face of the and shut up and they let all these mirrors of getting the fair what and why they are interesting very interesting because of you know what it's what the supply is and we know what the demand is from this side through various data sets I won't give you too much details column of the tables and all the graphs are coming out in the in the research report just a few highlights every month to month after month after month tens of thousands of scientific books are added to these collections which is an impressive number of all and the other thing is that if you match what's available through legal channels we see a huge huge huge market failures in terms of electronic accessibility this data is based on amazon like rate is 1 . 2 million titles and check for the Amazon souls in the library of copy or a candle copula can when and this is what I what I found less than
a 3rd of these titles in this lecture because are available legally from electronic means that just to
highlights from the supply of but I also know through of the analysis of a local file of 1 of its nearest who's using of these services and the older and these people are coming from they're coming from Russia they're coming from Indonesia they're coming from the United States India Iran engine China Germany how can these are the this is list regarding the top war you off users our and you see that there is an interesting mix of highly developed markets highly developed countries with a high GDP good of markets good accessability legal accessibility and the number of developing countries who for a number of reasons probably do not have access to the points in the 1st place of and if you take piracy on the emergence of black pockets as a sign of forced troubles with the legal access
then you have to come to the conclusion that this list of suggest at least a number of market failures some market failures affecting developing countries of some others 2nd developed countries the of this is that this is the heat map of the world and the data used here is
our per capita consumption of through these libraries and you see that the cool for our higher GDP per capita central western European countries which are the blue intensity users of these services and around that toward the sea of widening circle of of countries with lower and lower per capita GDP and the higher and higher level of usage of this is where this knowledge of contained in this of of catalog strolling to and they also know what it's being used this what's in the this library and what's being used this is the top list of the most popular subjects and that you see here is that when you use for META-NET distribution of vast knowledge physics and philosophy hello and social scientists sciences the average Donald the document being 3 around 3 and these are the these views of subject matter American fiction in English featuring prominently in the bottom of the list so this is the man and if we want to understand the impact
we know there are a number of stakeholders who might be affected by this mere existence of things and I would like to just highlight 3 of the 1st of them is of course to scholars means of those of us who do scholarship and may appear on these matters for maybe users of these additional libraries Our 1st there is of this fact that there is an immense underground fuel knowledge taking place through the
services and if we think about what the impact of enlightenment and how are associate of the Enlightenment Europe you in that age we cannot be underestimated its impact but you also have to understand that this tool does note that it's not equal not all subject matter flows equally what you see here is a map I tried to characterize countries according to their consumption profile what type of content they are based on the subject headers that you've seen just before and it's it has been a very clear result of the analysis the world falls into 2 or other 3 there are countries who do not use the services hosted from Latin America and Africa their countries uh who used best knowledge these other countries of from our from blue and their and their their so set of countries if you look at the consumption profile of countries you see that our subjects like natural sciences mathematics physics of
computer science they distribute calling every country has the smallest training share of the subject matters in the consumption of but there's a very distant emerged as a significant difference when it comes to social scientists is when it comes to parts and and cups humanities those countries in the red consumed much less of these pollinator categories than the rest so there is this emission lines of cultural division line mostly which affects the distribution of knowledge also of knowledge flows in 1 direction and we know that because we
are able to see what kind of languages are in the use of categories and I just coming here to Berlin Chen the German languages of the presented and discussed with lot and what you see here is the number of documents added every year by language and you see that started out as a rational our library and its significance of slowly fade brothers Russian-language documents green of is English-language documents conducting gaze being added in 2011 that's a few spike and the oranges the German and of German language documents are very few and that it's quite late last year this Council and they are mostly last week from publisher provided databases so the of the Hessian arises who adds to Rome Archibald production in these have and this this is a question because I consult publishers on on these issues of the 1st thing we discuss this through better your election other your pencil is available online and then I checked and I don't find anything I tell them you may be happy than this but I'm not sure this secular sigh and clearly a good sign that you're going some of available through these channels because people at if they're saying something is important and maybe you not being there means you are not important but in any case of of theories of reality in which publishers have to adapt to and understand the reality is that this is not something that we can efficiently and this is not something that you can enforce a simply because of the medical and infrastructure of the nature of its medical in an infrastructure it has already
exists did in several copies across the Internet you can watch shut down the service people of bullets so what what is the what is the just right strategy in this case so of course we can learn from the music market something that maybe public and how to compute and its services as Spotify outcompete performing music distributors but the predators there have people read legal databases and upload them to the product of libraries than the than that of legal services in the final speed of part of schools and it's
it's something that we have to build it and of the the outcome is that maybe the values not already in the exclusivity exclusive control of the content but it's how it's presented how it's accessible and it means that rather than hiring corporate workers of publishers need to start hiring you you you user interface designers librarians engineers and content of
which leads me to my 3rd concern and desire libraries by doing the eons of the concept of library has changed quite right you're still building these huge representative buildings are amassing huge stacks of books the out there building these palaces of of what this is how he imagines the library but if the contrast that with the reality of the alternative is what we've seen just before it's search interface of run by a couple of guys summary national for 1500 euros per year and if a contrast these of the to the traditional notion of library the 1500 EUR of operations and compare the catalog and the cost of distribution like this and its global impact than we have to think about how we imagine the future of libraries and this just saying is that at the moment thinking of how the imagine the library quite limited however the music market participants only the publishers problem recording of a company's problem but the virus and the and the other and is libraries problem as well as current corporate legislation
is limiting the libraries abilities in Nova don't get me mistaken and I really love libraries and leaves worried that this institution might would have because they are squeezed between 2 competing forces pirates on the other hand of 1 and publishers on the other hand there are no real good strategy people so partial the libraries are here sorry we are here to stay of this is a fact of life they have huge impact moreover interval both abroad and at home and the question is whether we are ready to this challenge were not thank you for your attention
ph few men being told there's some those symptoms for questions maybe 1 of the sessions in all these love I see a hand with the the what was at high so I'm from the UK and then people know that there's a massive campaign going on in the Internet in Britain right now because the government is closing down lots and lots of libraries all of the country KKK civil Starrett that's and I wonder if there were any projects going on than anywhere in the library more organized the based systems based on this people ask for the development of global and it what basically what the implications are this kind of technology right now for state-funded library programs which have been taken away and if anything is being done to which that word I'm not sure I can answer
that question question because I don't know the UK situation but I see is that these are not at the minimum these types of services should in the in the underground service of very good back up
for a number of reasons if you don't have library access don't of electronic text as if the electric access you have such a few don't have print and
and the real question is who will produce the alternative power and the fact is that it's not just the sad fact is that the if you don't do it no 1 else will do just that a few hours so the question is whether the UK library patrons readers to half of his office in aficionados are ready to create our own often and use of free of peer produced sentence if you don't contributes to these libraries than it would be there and this is what I tried to suggest that the German or Hungarian began the lack of Hungarian content is that I'm not really happy that Hungarian scientific production is not available for these libraries I wish it was available because it's an extra from audience for these and it helps the reproduction of this type of knowledge from other than the most American of academic mainstream what's contained in them at the moment no my
name is Justin science can you elaborate on how good a job to the sun pirates librarians and to you know something about the quality of the time each other that and I way they are a who of efforts to get and I propose to get books that are demanded and if so the reuse of this library uh I think something is very special and of these people don't have it to a day of of trying to get it no and that's a very very
important and they're not doing the job instead of the regions they have readers that provide the infrastructure costs as I can that they are most effective in clients academics and from Russia and they very much focus on good quality metadata about the no position to FIL in the guess right of what's what's not there so our depending on the individual during undermined the huge gaps in the library and and become specialist of just get and you may want to consider whether it makes sense to share of with others the knowledge that you think is important and that's that's a very strange concept of importance or relevance because they say that of what relevant what is relevant is in there but only what is what have what someone has full to be relevant enough to share is relevant right it's a it's a it's a very interesting concept of scientific relevance if you think a certain book is important enough then and you investing resources digitize and uploaded them it'll be there is small then it's not important enough we
get as the question was whether whether there are community processes and there this 1 last question I am speaking of relevance wounded and quite sure that the administrators of those websites of where careful not to share too much data in terms of the users but I wanted to know if you have any information regarding the amount of documents downloaded from for example the the of out of sites or even like the broader statistics about how many documents give distributed way and how that relates for example to the general digital market the putting in books downloaded mean yes that on the I have the of privileged to have some usage data this is what I was trying to show here are 1 of the numerous shared some log data with me and this is from the I know what is being used and I was you want to users of so yes of I know that around 20 50 thousand documents and downloads were registered in the period that have access to those 3 months during 2012 so can a thousand documents downloaded each day that's quite a number from all over the world from barber goes to the license and there's a very high number
for another users of then there is so there is a very interesting no market I think that of those that were interesting cultural impact is a very interesting subject matter impact on defining who down to what let and the just are coming out in a few minutes the I think the time is up thank you very much for
your attention thank
you very much
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