Dignity: The Maker Movement and Refugees

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Dignity: The Maker Movement and Refugees
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In 2016 there were 65.3 million people globally living displaced. Makers are in a unique position to contribute design and innovation to solving humanitarian crises. How can the Maker Movement merge with conflict and disaster response to address the refugee crisis in a scalable way, while maintaining the dignity and autonomy of both individuals and communities?
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you so I haven't had been wary of last 12 years in developing country post-disaster work and also in other the maker movement and how many people here know what a maker spaces the maker movements a good majority have a maker maker movement maker spaces were a lot of our our new innovations are coming from where a lot the new ways of doing things like things he keeps young Kickstarter things like this people think of maker spaces and the maker movement has a lot of
digital digital things and I like to look at it in a different way in around in a maker space yet lot participation and it's something that's um in my 12 years of working within the military in sector across the globe this something as as been really really lacking within most all humanitarian work and that is participation and that's kind of where the word dignity ties in a little bit how can you have dignity in a process has to be a part of something if you're not participating was would start with some boring slides and this 1 shows basically the request for for funding for a mostly humanitarian work has been happening globally now the gray area is the the answer is that request the need for funding to meet the humanitarian needs we're seeing globally the gray area is the part that has not been met and as you can see this is growing increasingly increasingly now 12 years in humanitarian disaster relief working on just starting to get involved into was probably gonna become 1 of the largest crisis in our
time in our lifetimes is displaced people people whether the on political economic climate change and is gonna be 1 of the largest humanitarian issues in our lifetime of give you an
idea you can read the numbers here and see that you know the 10 % increase in just 1 year time apologies for the acronym of 4 . 40 . 8 million IDP are internally displaced people those of people that are displaced within their own countries and refugees of samosas all refugees our tour getting into the area where most 1 in a hundred people are displaced from their community from their home from their country and those numbers are predicted to escalate quite quite rapidly and by thank you now back to how does the maker movement tie into this and the maker movement is something that's been
escalating climbing growing almost as quickly as the miniature crisis globally happen and slasher there was an estimated 4 thousand + different types of maker spaces innovation spaces globally and they're popping up all over the place so this goes back a little bit to where the scandal of blind here again the the the biggest thing in
12 years of doing this work that have seen a lack of the humanitarian sector in the way this humanitarian work is done as a lack of participation for those of you that be a part of the Maker movement or been a part of a maker space a do-it-yourself innovation lab as much different names a coworking spaces incubator the are all about participation and when people get involved as you start to see these real beauties is real innovation come out so that when we're gonna like address these global issues as the coming is not this top down the humanitarian sector were not going to raise the funds in order to meet all these military needs globally it's really looking at the people that were all working towards and having them become participants with in the process of humanitarian work and food to bring it back a little
bit to something I think just about everybody can understand something I've always looked exiles also come from a history of event production as 1 really great than called burning Man how many people here vertebrae men is good percentage so as a really different possible because it is put on by the participants and the 1 the photo on the right is the typical music uh so ugliness called Bonnaroo and this has a lot to do with kind of beneficiary humanitarian sector calls the recipients of humanitarian aid beneficiaries very top down they they is panel what is the organization can provide and then they look at the people that they're working for as the beneficiaries we really like to look at it as participants and here's a difference Bremen is put on by the participants and that's the end results people were involved in
the design and the facilitation of and the production of that event this is how the events left this is actually a public shaming photo and that's 1 of the worst left areas were worse let camps out there on the right is a typical music festival so can give you some idea of what the difference is that I've seen in the participation verses beneficiary so when we do all this this is after I work for other organizations for believe 6 5 6 years and they can really saw this gap in the end of this history top down not involving the
people that we were there to be working for their decisions made behind closed doors overseas their budgets pre-decided without ever talking to the people that this money was getting spent on so we open up this after the earthquake in Haiti was a 7 8 years ago and we sigh would we open up a space and this is also looking back at the gap and how it is that there's going to be a lack of funding there already currently is a lack of funding within all these military needs we need to address a lot of that funding is spent on resources well that's food tools equipment space vehicles aircraft all these sort of things and it's like was so lack of people sharing of humanitarian actors the beneficiaries of the participants the businesses the government sharing resources everybody was kind of grabbing after these resources the expenses go skyrocket after a disaster after a humanitarian crisis so we have another space in Port-au-Prince called a resource center with a simple concept of like what if we just provide a lot of these resources that are needed by both the humanitarian actors the government the businesses especially the beneficiaries were the people enabling them to become a participant in their own and their own future so this again is all been disaster relief thus far so this is 80 of its
expressive skills so running 7 years later we have assured Workshop where you don't need to go buy hammer imagine a hammer getting used by 100 different organizations that's really lowering their overhead closing a gap of the cost of the humanitarian work and storage units conference room computer 3 printing lab Arts Center is a really part of like tying it back into the dignity of other humanitarian organizations really look at the space needs food water shelter medicine and it is a really important things absolutely but unfortunately the 1st thing on the chopping board when it comes to a budget is that human dignity What are the human elements of somebody that has been affected by a disaster so displaced out their community a refugee someone is speaking seeking asylum and the arts and the participation of really contribute a lot into that and it turns out we
found is that really actually lowers the overhead of operating but this place is also becoming a the whole living lab is only we call to a lot of new technologies people look at closing that gap in the humanitarian sector the funding gap as we need more innovation absolutely we need more new technologies new ways of doing things and I think for us the biggest thing is the new way of doing things is involving the people themselves we then this was 7 years ago we then that we also do uh Molau Resource Center actually bring these tools and resources on the rural communities of of Haiti but this is our our combi busses Kalika mobile maker space so we did the same thing in the Philippines from the typhoon
very similar it's quite different at the same time a workshop training hall computer allowed 3 printing land we added a coworking space allow the small organizations early fighting over office spaces have a sudden influx of organizations coming into post-disaster zone and a sudden influx in the sky rocket celebrates why don't we share this resource the parts cost center is a really great example of literally giving the the tools to the people and how much larger effect that can have and we after 2nd telephone in the
Philippines we had all these tools and resources in I make space in our workshop at lending library in nature vehicles directly into the epicenter of the 2nd typhoon it took us a couple thousand dollars and a staff of 2 to distribute thousands of tools to the beneficiaries at them becoming the participants themselves and have a larger effect than any way we would expect it with a very low overhead and there's a lot of pride and a lot of dignity in the process of the people rehabilitating their own communities this is an interesting 1 because a
larger organization whose for named know remain unnamed gave us a much of funding to create a city youth center that a high STD problem and they said is within the street use in the city of type Boulevard and I said OK could you guys the youth center where we can you know do training testing things like this and I said sure but we need a certain amount of budget in order to involve all of the kids themselves and what this youth center might look like now larger organization had their mission was to decrease the amount of that see these things like this sexual transmitted diseases and we said OK we need a certain amount of budget in order to actually involve the kids in this process so we're not just developing and designing something from afar and dropping in into this community we learn that that was the 1st thing to go on the chopping block chopping block of that budget to build up this entire thing and we really went back and forth a finally approved the design process budget and that this happens at the center and becoming a reproductive health clinics vocational training
and escape work because that's what the kids wanted and within day 1 of opening that center the center is still very active very alive because those kids had that equity in the process we really in the Philippines you learned quite a bit about involving people in the design of the humanitarian projects that are happening in their communities and
so the the design thinking workshop human-centered design things like this so after the poorest quake before we even chose to set up the Apollo communitarians bar here and I think she's bottle of anybody heard our talk she's that the main driving force b times the po community
there American finding but we really set a new standard in that before we even decided to deploy our humanitarian organization we would go in and talk and me with the community and whatever it is that we did it would actually be designed by the and this change all of the whole way and within it took us 4 years to go from Haiti to the Philippines Atticus 2 years ago from the Philippines tuna Paul Atticus a year before in a Paul was able to stand on its own and that has everything to do from what you do in day 1 involving those everybody you're really working for in that process we'll get 3 equities design equity decision-making equity and sweat equity it it was that this is not a poll today this is a co on a private office space set centered in
Katmandu this is the maker space held that and this is the inside the maker space I believe the space actually has since become and then there a while in running and doing amazing job think that sense become a 2nd story building the need for space the uniqueness with an and has really created quite a drive that they've done a fantastic job is inside the workshops you know provide the means for people to do what they need to do we also did the 1st um 1st make a fair In the Paul was also the 1st make Faire focused on humanitarian technologies in this can do-it-yourself within the military sector so this takes me again 12 years in developing country post-disaster work no experience in refugee work 1 of these largest
crisis is facing us and we were fortunate enough to be observed by was for the American Refugee Committee and they offered us a Grant said hey can you guys make this job we've been talking about for years we recognize that this is a huge jump the refugee crisis this probably larger than most the natural disasters combined and so I've just gotten back from last month in Greece which tends to be a hot spot for a lot of this it's the gateway to the Balkans I will get black degrees here a little bit and we spent the last month designing with a grass-root organizations there there the governments the and the beneficiaries everybody in this term in this entire series of design workshops and there have been a lot of things that come out of that you know we thoughts after 12 years of doing this type of work of course we've got a really good idea we can go in we can decide the budget at a time we can figure out what we're gonna do with can be best and we were really wrong on a lot of different things so this process is really important and this is 1 of the 1st organizations there is releasing the value in this process and a large UN organization actually offered us to come to the same project we said OK
we're going to need this much of a budget in order for the design process and that didn't make sense they wanted to know what the budget was going to be for the next 6 months before we even put the feet on the ground so this is actually from about a week ago this is yesterday were we having his regular groups between Greeks refugees businesses that the the municipality of any cues absolute amazing them to come back to that in just a
2nd and then designed over these workshops so we're looking at doing is actually pretty mobile maker space the the real difference that we've seen in Korea maker space in a developing country or in a post-disaster Solomon has a lot of that
need is going to be quite stationary and other best thing I've heard in working with in the refugee situation it is not designed for impermanence everybody is in constant movement it's a real challenge because you're working with about 60 thousand refugees increased there really want rather be here and so there isn't like working in Port-au-Prince people realize they're going to be important friends they're gonna have their kids employer friends of a very quickly start working for themselves and better analyzes the refugee situation is is really quite a difference so it actually been designing around and impairments
and the transition so that were not coming spending a lot of money and is developing something that has indeed moves were not able to move with it so it's a mobile maker space as well as the way Marlin and totally murdering answer French legal women and scoured the Home Depot of Europe they've done it as
this container so we're looking at them alone the the busses give you move throughout the country go to the islands as the needs arise in different areas this is getting more of our at this container folds out under this would also some my permanent and now is we're looking at like we've been able a set of 4 resource centers in 7 years that's
not even come close to enough and in our in our travels especially around Greece we found published 6 other different groups that are looking at opening up some sort of make a space so revered then adjusting our model to how can we provide a short term maker
spaces really help these groups Figure L aid is a maker space needed in their community and what is it does look like 4 thousand different maker spaces globally this published 4 thousand different variations of maker space in the technology and the participation that's within so we're looking this is going to be in Thessaloniki for the next 6 months and this link is an absolutely amazing city is actually the city known as the city refugees and it's actually the host to the next Republican what did you guys know about that yes it's phagosome there's a it is amazing is a large culture there it's uh also on the Rockefeller Foundation's 100 resilient cities as a lot of really cool things going on there and I guess we're going before was set up by have an open invitation to has returned a close that gap of need participation and
lack of funding it's kind of an open invitation to where exactly how we're going to address the globe's needs in the next 10 20 30 50 years it's gonna involve a lot more participation by the people that are the beneficiaries by groups like yourself by groups like republican this area really happy to see so hopefully we'll see some of you in Thessaloniki um September anybody here so the September will be there we as he has to really come participate this center is well again we just a few miles from where of the next Republica will be having there's Dublin and then Thessaloniki I think that's about it because it is to keep track like this is the
name of organization by the way sorry there how many of you have Facebook on your phones with you I keep track as were launching into this refugee situation I wanna keep track of what's going on please follow some whatever form of social media and I get 8 minutes questions and the few was used some military movement people in the room so I'm sure Christmas the hi and I want that UNDP makes it not ends I mean taking the
the science who's the same thinking process and then I was just wondering if you managed to solve the challenges we been flirting with the UN because I just right now I don't see how these same thinking techniques could be what won't we this chapter is from you and some really good question
we work with several different UN agencies and everybody is needed so we try to in my mind every organization on the planet Earth in specially comunitaria can get a lot better what they're doing I do think the design thinking workshops are the way to do so the thing
that's really hard with larger organizations about torture found is that there is a lack of being able to show the results soon you do designthinking workshop how you show that results when you build a house you can say don't I built this house we saw this many patients we felt this many people but when there is that dignity that participation a very hard metric to to measure and report back to the donor in dealing I think we were really close to get into is actually showing the cost benefits so that's worker working with the maker spaces and participate in the people you know involving the people that were working with actually shown a cost-benefit I think that's just around the corner In the meantime I think the best way is to say that it doesn't hurt organizations exist and a lot of money going and doing assessments and their people in jackets going out of the board and asking questions and the design
thinking workshops on incredible opportunity the cost-saving opportunity to bring everybody to you and to get a lot of these answers answers without having
to go out so to be more research to be done at let's say the cost-saving benefits are the best way to to change the minds of larger organizations from from
that hi and Sam and many missing and I work for some German development cooperation and and 1 thing that and is always very uh very important with with
government donors is and looking at how an initiative can also contribute to income generation and and and promote employment and which is already difficult enough in refugee claims context due to restrictions in entering the labor market and is this an area that the organization is is working in a insights on matter lessons learned ideas intercity you yet I increase it's it's very
difficult and again it's not like uh somebody in Berlin where this is where the settling down so at a summer design workshops move really been asked is for a training that will provide employment in the next location and in the meantime allow the training some the activities of things battering their current living situation the
no other things in the tree planting in the digital arts are what's being really requested because they know that this is a booming market especially in places like Berlin London and things like that that answer your question
this there you'd be surprised how many and and really opening up as to what type of vocational training the refugees once opens up they know data we know they know where they wanna be they would know know what the best opportunity getting a job is there they know what the best chances of getting a job in the country there currently in they know it's a really living up to them helps and so those questions I you have but on that note do you have the data said about what that information looks like right is
this you know from conversations word you have this recorded somewhere synthesizing the data from the design workshops
increase the something were currently doing it's it's tricky because a lot of people wish to remain anonymous and they know that is something that we are a for the
1st time in in what Philippines the 1st time a design thinking workshop those very specific for the project and ingredient in the poll was kind of like it's really build the organization around the human-centered design design thinking we did a horrible job at documenting without full-time staff that are documenting the process in Greece and Greece we were looking at doing 3 designthinking workshops this was a pretty her preconceived idea coming in from California will do 3 of these different demographics halfway into the 1st design workshop that turned in a probabilistic 12 design workshops so there is now a lot of energy put into document process being recorded very tricky with who's in the room so yes absolutely and it takes a less time than 100 think that that's something they were really putting a time energy into so that's this methodology does get adopted by organizations I think a lot of people were working this way but it's not documenting from beginning till and it's very hard for the larger institutions to adopt so yes and not quite what I
just hinted that Israel and so there wasn't clear of more than that was you were talking about people knowing what kind of skills they were interested in picking up through these major space trains the because they have a sense of they know what they wanna go on with these jobs available all that some is something that I'm the leader said in because of my work and ways that I think I can funnel some at work toward you I if I had that information the more than happy to show that information there's also especially in the
end introducing this acknowledges introducing a maker space into these environments there's a part of like people know what they want and as a part of like they don't know what's available to you provided to them and as long as you're 1 to come provide something that they don't know if they wanted not is larger completely willing to extend the trainer and most to this training and no it doesn't show up and let's do it absolutely 4
questions science and pretty guys thank you so much thank you for
the world and of maintaining