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Strategies for Critical Internet Cultures in the Age of Trump

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the use of the the the the the the if you want the there I
don't know just down there in which an yeah 1 of my of of that's internal to to come the the sky of ecclesial my some loser when I minus
afternoons it's very important to see that there are some challenges ahead of us that need long-term nuclear the concepts so uh what 1 of my very concrete proposals would be to disconnect social networking from news altogether in the past they were not connected and I don't think you know they are the sole um if we want to rebuild let's say the social net uh this is 1 of the ways to do it maybe apart from nationalizing of socializing so you the the the the platform so such as get Facebook and Google and so we have to if we want to analyse platform capitalism but also 1 of the things we need to do is to take up a bit more a step back and understand that the media sphere itself is shrinking relatively speaking from an Internet perspective are so that if we if we look at the problems for society such as those over and an Arab B and so on we see a vastly expanding the Internet in all directions and that the media issue is only 1 of many and I think what we also need to be careful about before I start a is to believe that there is a uh of a problem in society that can be solved through representation cannot uh the right-wing populism in Europe right now is a social conflict this cannot be solved with technical means I'm sorry will have to fight this fight ourselves Google and
Facebook are not going to help us that neither is there Spiegel for that matter right so that the problems in society will be will be tackled straight on and we cannot delegate this to some journalists and uh this is not how we should look at it yes sorry and so I guess this is very
important starting points that is usually more warning about technical solution is and we shouldn't go there OK so I've been saying this before you know we get into the topic because yes I'm
our um what yeah OK
so this is our institute of medical to started in 2004 and we're going through a difficult period at the moment uh there's right wing of populism in Europe and this means that the the the the research into critical Internet culture is really under pressure and we can see that in the Netherlands like to warn you also in other places maybe in Germany as from the right wing new liberal perspective there's no need to further develop a critical Internet concepts there's no need to further develop the Internet cultures as we have that with the only thing we probably
need like at about 1 another many others and you know that there will be more regulation but regulation really uh the issue I don't think so and so if we if you looking for new radical of uh proposals of experiment so you know we should not not think that I'm just regulating this business a little bit having a filter here or there is going to do the job um OK and so now I'm going to go through a few of our projects which have been developing over the last 12 13 years this is the oldest 1 called vortex and it's here the way in you should or could not the it and this
is something that feels much of this thank you OK so this Video Vortex it's about the esthetics of and politics of online video it's a big now biggest and oldest and most successful network uh which shows a couple of months ago just met in the in India
uh this is another 1 of those so society of the query would now developing number 3 which is about search engines all these projects you can join the 0 as so was already said these are multidisciplinary projects but where researchers
artists activists um programmers are working together to look for both critique and alternatives and so this is the idea of how to combine the 2 and this is a long-term 1 and the very hard to to fund a critical research into search search is really something that is going further in the background all for all these reasons as social media is becoming so important and but we still think that uh you know we should pay more attention to search and same with Wikipedia's this was and still is not an active community uh that uh is looking into into Wikipedia and another 1
this is the unlike us network which is a from probably 1 of our biggest began more active networks at the moment and this looks into the question of alternatives in social media we can critique face Morgan
bull yes and that's of course over the last years has been spreading a lot but um do we have alternatives and of course there's been many many setbacks in this region specially also after Snowden's after 2013 13 there was an extra layer so to say a security layer attached to all the requirements so um uh after Snowden's we we found ourselves in a difficult period of when it comes to the development of these
alternative but the the question is even more of say conceptual and more urgent because the question really is what is social networking today why did we end up with social media headed toward social media media come into that right in Italy uh um uh where this kind of theory is developed still and that there is a very active community luckily no 1 is using the word social media this still speak about social networking and social nets and the I think this is this is important to stress if we want to have as a solution to this network exists in 2 thousand and 11 of course in the states of the last got a couple of weeks so uh that the uh that was again another example of bubbling up of mustard on as an alternative to to detect top so I'm probably has been uh discussed here already in there in a couple of presentations and yes these are the examples that to that we're looking into an and you know how a peer-to-peer solutions or as in the called federated networks can be a can be developed and uh further uh you know you have discussed and service before before
before we you know just try it and 1 walk away again going back to Facebook uh I think this is really interesting and hopefully we're going again through a relations in that field but also we've been developing with a lot of other partners in the Netherlands so and uh the graphic that's at the design aspect and which for us of course were from the Netherlands OK would do design and uh so that the crypto design elements of and is an important key we believe that
after Snowden's this is really 1 of the big big issues so how do we get a user-friendly designed a weight of uh of secure work of communication and the Netherlands with the you know long-term disastrous uh right wing uh policies of austerity and that the question of the creative industries is now more more than ever very urgent but there's a big consensus in the country at that artists and so on that day designers everyone should be able to just to earn their own living and so on the break precarity amongst the people in in this sector is really growing and that the issue the issue of the labor conditions is still a very important 1 1 that we've been dealing with uh uh since uh since we started in 2004 and it to be honest the problem has only gotten worse in the Netherlands and that is why a in 2014 we decided to move add this new network and this is not the most active 1 that you know we almost full time put most of which energies in it's called money lab it's about alternatives in Internet revenue models so we look into the critique of crowdfunding but also the critique of cryptocurrencies and
stuff like this right a right now as we speak the uh Bitcoin is going through its 2nd too big the big bubble and and uh so yeah this is this spectacular are kind of some the uh and investments that are happening here uh and it's very very important to examine the
let's say that also the right wing of the new conservative elements in this software and this was done very very well by 1 of our participants it is called the David Columbia he wrote this text on the the politics of of of Bitcoin and I think it's very very good to understand the idea logical underpinnings of the software solutions before we adapt them right and this is why we need to be on board so early because otherwise you know we're in the face of implementation but we don't know where it's coming
from 1 which uh ideas have been uh you know the in in the developments and bitcoin is a very very good example where the a big right wing and left wing who uh the front factions both are clashing all over the key terms of the architecture of this In this case you know cryptocurrency and of course that's fills all 4 in the block chain and then before we know that this Spiegel will come and say yeah we we can't solve the fake issue but will put it on the block chain as you know there are really I will hear them saying this in the next panel right uh because it because there's such an urge is such a need such a pressure from society to come up with solutions that and and before you know that this will be a good solution that will be on offer money lab of course also looks at that at the bigger picture all 4 of how can we resolve the the the precarity uh in in in our sector of we have 1 of the issues there are of course is is the debate about the universal basic income but that sort of 1 thing maybe a little bit more focused on let's say here the situation in the west but uh at the same time of the whole world of course catching up with developing and this issue of the cashless society and is now a very very urgent um issue for instance in a country of vast vast continent such as India right so so the whole idea of monetization financialization of all Internet activities is something that is ahead of us and we all need to be prepared for that because that the age of Facebook and Google really is over right there model of the
economy of the free where you get a service for free and then give away your data that that model is running out and uh there's many many indications work across the world but what uh you know what is going on what's gonna come next that for instance is also the case with yeah our activities that we've developed over the years in terms of publishing since 2004 we've published a lot of time um yeah books are anthologies smaller publications maybe you've come across some of them the but in the last maybe for 5 years we have developed they our own uh technologies and ideas of about publishing and became more and more important as
the yeah as a topic itself and it was no longer a tool and a B and it is really uh now uh about half all of our activities are focused on the on the politics of the day of digital publishing and we have now a kind of a clone it's next to our we are only is very small office right we are with 3 people of something like that and next to us that we have the publishing left right so if you have students or if you wanna come for a couple of months to Amsterdam and look into this you're welcome to join us we have a place now where we can do that by these are for instance a as some of the series that we have this is that now most popular series uh we started off with the traditional books with the publisher but this is our print on demand series of uh at the moment we're already at number 25 and um so we're very interested in this this
is the latest 1 that came out last week and he can maybe see but you know what we're trying to do with me
trying to develop it as a PDF as so that you can read it all lined up on in the web 3 there in this case he soon but you can go order it uh at the book itself as a a print copy of for instance rule but we we can also use other of of print-on-demand services of course and I am most activities that are there in the development of the the
pub right that the HTML 5 uh format and and and there we also closely work together with the World Wide Web Consortium who recently took over a the pub
then and uh there's another all other field what we're trying to do I would trying to develop our own small alternative to medium don't come as so we medium that com as you know these are the long reads the 4 to 5 thousand words essays stand-alone essays so there uh and this is a a series that is not doing very well but a lot of the young people but you know who start to publishing start doing research can publish their 1st major story here and if you have
1 please and you know contact us we're very very open to collaborate with you it doesn't have to be in English by the way we're multilingual place that neither as almost it was a system like the Nafta on the month of Saturn of Dutch too much the uh or any other language for that matter I guess so and here's my own work every 4 years I'm putting out a book uh in which I am trying to summarize my own uh activities and it's actually this month in the German translation of of this 1 comes out and the the together with the Turkish and the Chinese translations so that's an interesting uh to see
we've also been got collaborating with a group of artists recently to produce 1 of the 1st of 3 D books with 3 D illustrations so this is also a field that we are interested in the books on the book it's a little bit heavy uh to download to as you can imagine uh so yeah it's still experimental but but this was really really fun
to do I 1 of the latest say
things that the the new project because we don't we don't have much money at the moment is certainly that we have been focusing on this issue of the online selves what is the online self but uh of course we can only define it these days really only in relation to social media right for average users these days the internet equal social media we need to understand that that um but that yeah we think that over 1 of the solutions really also
could be to further speculates discuss radicalize the ideas of how the how the cell of a should be represented and not leave that up to Marx to go back to decide you know how we define ourselves on on the net and this is kind of historical approach what we're doing now uh in 2 weeks there in Rome is that the we are bringing together a lot of scholars so who look at the politics of the of the self this very very interesting work done in in this field uh and that uh it is 1 of course in which the politics of representation is important right so there's a constant Bush of especially for young people to do self-promotion but there's also of course the whole of field of mask designed what we call must designed anonymous writer uh anonymous is a is a very very important and and imaginative response and yes
and then um uh to come to a close of course there is now that that the question of
what you know what it is Internet culture in the age of Brecht's it's banned from and uh this is uh an important issue to to take very serious um uh uh it's very important there are also to be open minded about but they're very reactionary forms of of what culture which is often condemned to of course here because it set itself the labeled very quickly as fake news but remember the 36 % of people in France uh that voted for the ban they have very real and we cannot have just filter them out this is this is really not uh uh the way we should approach this at the right-wing populism is not the end of an issue that we can filter out that there is no way we need to go over for the direct confrontation for direct dialog now over and and for organizations as well right not through social networks but what we call organized networks outside of the social media and this is a very important and um I wanna close here with a few and uh issues let's say that I was I think are
important for the next 2 years so we need to address a platform capitalism um and some of that scholars have studies started doing this we need to understand that social media is part of a larger landscape but not an isolated of phenomenon and and we need to develop a sustainable of revenue models and and go away from the economy of the free OK and then and of course what I already said to be unlike us and uh initiative is focusing on this it is very important to start to speculate about the alternatives because of otherwise we we will only get bogged down in the discussion about regulation regulating the existing uh in uh you know media and this is really not that this is will be I think a dead-end street if that's the only thing we can think of i in terms of research we tried to emphasize that a critical concepts are very very important for the long-term right uh and uh we see it
in science and we see in the in the universities that's because of funding that there's an enormous pressure but to focus only on social science not on the humanities and to focus on quantitative analysis and that's why I started of course my lecture with Adorno and uh I think uh this critique of the social sciences is very very important that we need to critique uh the idea that problems in society can be resolved with a quantitative analysis results that come up I'm sorry uh and uh if we want to further develop the internet culture we need to have and to develop our own concept beyond open science beyond open-source beyond the open and free I'm sorry but this is really a very very much nineties and we need to go beyond the idea that open is the solution for everything it is not uh so what will be our next philosophies uh there what we have to offer a 0 for the future this is some of them the important so European collaboration and that's what what I'm really calling for ya please contact us include as in you're in new applications or if you wanna do won the publisher together with us we're very very much devoted to to that idea of collaborative and publishing OK thank you very much yeah it thank you
very much that will be able to have a real minutes left so we can take 1 quick question and 1000 and that I don't see any raised no question yeah there is a person thank you for that inspiring talk some 1 question what makes use social order so some the age of from capitalism is over this platform capitalism no notable it for the Italy to the age of
spectral capitalism is only starting right this is the problem of uh and you know in the well the question is what whether we can tackle it and with the with you in Europe we have uh and uh an alternative to all the concepts of Silicon Valley that is of course a question and mn many people have looked to brussels brussels hasn't done anything to regulate Google or Facebook let alone come up with a uh an alternative right and so the alternative needs to come from us we need to network we need to come together and think not how how are we going to regulate Silicon Valley now this is that this is a this is a dead end street that we need to say you know defined in Europe what is the social for us here and uh you know what how do we want people to to network to collaborate together uh this is in my in my view uh the challenge and yeah so thank
you any more questions we could take 1 more quick question that was burned
the roof of your head
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Titel Strategies for Critical Internet Cultures in the Age of Trump
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Teil 12
Anzahl der Teile 235
Autor Lovink, Geert
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33121
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

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Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract I will give a brief overview of recent projects of the Institute of Network Cultures in Amsterdam, framed by strategic considerations where to take next concepts that I have been working, such as organized networks. How can we bring together the critique of platform capitalism with alternatives in social media? Is it enough to dream up subversive memes to beat the Trump regime, reverse Brexit and beat European right-wing populism?

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