Future. Future! Future? Technology worldwide – between utopia and dystopia

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Future. Future! Future? Technology worldwide – between utopia and dystopia
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In what kind of a world do we want to live in? How should our future look like in 10 or 15 years? Digital transformation is changing the way we live and work in Germany as well as in developing and emerging countries. Between Sci-Fi, 1984 and utopia everything seems possible. In our futuristic journey, we want to look at questions such as: What is the role of information and communication technologies and digital trends for people in our partner countries today and in the future? Thomas Silberhorn, Parliamentary State Secretary to the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, highlights these questions together with exciting guests.
Axiom of choice Vector space Personal digital assistant Robotics Multiplication sign Time travel Video game Instance (computer science) Mereology
Digital signal processing Word Transformation (genetics) Projective plane
Thread (computing) State of matter Term (mathematics) Virtual machine Computing platform Twitter
Installable File System Web page Touchscreen Electric generator Virtual machine Graph coloring Sequence Number Power (physics) Revision control Triangle Formal grammar Flag Software testing
Web 2.0 Facebook Electric generator Touchscreen Real number Forest Touch typing Disk read-and-write head Metropolitan area network Symbol table Spacetime
Time travel Negative number Computing platform
Divisor Multiplication sign
Message passing Algorithm Process (computing) Arm Order (biology) Sampling (statistics) Similarity (geometry) Family
Direction (geometry) Order (biology) Water vapor Heat transfer Food energy
Personal digital assistant Multiplication sign God
Service (economics) Open source Gender Decision theory Direction (geometry) Open source Shared memory Heat transfer Heat transfer Product (business) Software Directed set Right angle Data structure Data structure
Gender Software Open source Heat transfer Right angle Open set Data structure
Group action Dialect Multiplication sign Digitizing Digital media State of matter Evolute Perspective (visual) Entire function Vector potential Digital signal processing Mathematics Bit rate Mixed reality Acoustic shadow Form (programming)
Multiplication sign Digitizing Digital media Electronic Government Mereology Cartesian coordinate system Strategy game Internet forum Internetworking Different (Kate Ryan album) Right angle Information security Informationsgesellschaft
Digitizing Software developer Digital media Shape (magazine) Vector potential Task (computing) Twitter
Axiom of choice Information Equaliser (mathematics) Digitizing Digital media Digital divide Content (media) Cartesian coordinate system Formal language Software Internetworking Computer hardware Energy level Traffic reporting
Mobile Web Addition Digital signal processing Process (computing) Very-high-bit-rate digital subscriber line Internetworking Digitizing Digital media Content (media) Smartphone Figurate number Physical system
Group action Digital electronics Orientation (vector space) View (database) Shape (magazine) Perspective (visual) Digital Revolution Digital signal processing Mathematics Strategy game Internetworking Core dump Task (computing) Condition number Area Focus (optics) Information Key (cryptography) Software developer Digitizing Digital media Vector potential Duality (mathematics) Speech synthesis Right angle Quicksort Freeware Local ring
Ocean current Presentation of a group Digital electronics Observational study INTEGRAL Multiplication sign Real number Cyberspace Student's t-test Field (computer science) Power (physics) Number Product (business) Twitter Revision control Mathematics Digital signal processing Strategy game Bit rate Term (mathematics) Computer hardware Cuboid Focus (optics) Concentric Digitizing Software developer Uniqueness quantification Digital media Projective plane Data storage device Staff (military) Bit Division (mathematics) Vector potential Order (biology) Normal (geometry) Right angle Internet der Dinge Object (grammar)
Digitizing ACID
Internetworking Decision theory Multiplication sign Video game Bit
Statistics Information and communications technology Software developer Fitness function Archaeological field survey Bit Surface of revolution Field (computer science) Surface of revolution Number Internet forum Different (Kate Ryan album) Traffic reporting Task (computing)
Trail Mereology Usability Task (computing) Social class
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Ocean current Trail Finite element method Graphical user interface Momentum Electric generator Multiplication sign Software developer Menu (computing) Bit Traffic reporting Number
Estimator Data model
Ocean current Point (geometry) Complex (psychology) Vapor barrier INTEGRAL State of matter Multiplication sign Connectivity (graph theory) 1 (number) Online help Heat transfer Student's t-test Public key certificate Food energy Computer programming Formal language Power (physics) Goodness of fit Computer configuration Energy level Software testing Social class Physical system Standard deviation Prisoner's dilemma Surface Keyboard shortcut Moment (mathematics) Maxima and minima Instance (computer science) Price index Open set Type theory Process (computing) Universe (mathematics) Website Freeware Routing E-learning
Robotics Building Moment (mathematics) Letterpress printing Local ring Product (business)
Point (geometry) Digitizing System administrator Multiplication sign Shared memory Bit Student's t-test Computer Degree (graph theory) Dean number Mathematics Process (computing) Personal digital assistant Universe (mathematics) Computer hardware Right angle Quicksort Spacetime
Standard deviation Film editing Personal digital assistant Virtual machine Combinational logic Quicksort Disk read-and-write head
Category of being Block (periodic table) Building Multiplication sign Insertion loss Office suite Likelihood function
Building Projective plane Virtual machine Letterpress printing Planning Control flow Mass Mereology Field (computer science) Order (biology) Self-organization Data structure Quicksort
State of matter Multiplication sign Real number Modal logic Projective plane Virtual machine Basis <Mathematik> Mereology Protein Flow separation Product (business) Type theory Word Process (computing) Personal digital assistant Robotics Order (biology) Universe (mathematics) Energy level Self-organization Quicksort
Transformation (genetics) 1 (number)
Digital media Number
the and the and the end the each of the
observed vector the hi I'm I'm
Melanie as today we're going to travel in time to the year 2 thousand
30 but we jump in our time machine I would love to know how you think what you think your life will be like in the year 2030 so please raise your hand if you would like to have a personal robot who helps you with your daily choices in the year 2013 I write that the majority of love to have a today already and how many of you would this robots from my company that part of Africa has burgeoning high-tech manufacturing sector in the year 2030 instead of Samsung are Apple for instance our case so interest
I the digital transformation is happening globally and today we focus on the question the developing
countries actually benefit from this transformation on will there be a disadvantage you're going to listen to 6 speakers and stand there will always share their projects and their expertise with you the 1st speaker and she told me that he is actually pretty optimistic about the digital transformation but today she will focus on the negative aspects so please enjoy a poem on the dystopia by the spoken word artist who knows the literal from South Africa
you good afternoon thank you so much for having a new platform the poem them in every citing is
called to be human again news feeds timeline Instagram thread snapped at Twitter rated stayed you the timeline TD trends finches had federated tailored to refresh the feed Philip the trough the little piggies are coming in the billions to solve this now in each others John energetics talk about the digital dystopia later used the term consentual hallucination an agreement to disconnect in the flesh and re-engage on a hypothetical state had ever thought about those who don't have access to these machines you possess the facts and this the untouchables no longer audible the priors of the poor have been muffled and your half my death without even need tools there help me has faded but share same
profile picture to the colors of some African flag I'm sure the hungry led will be
glad you didn't alumen hearted I don't mean to dampen your efforts that you seem to think that you can stop thinking now that everything else around you as smart will use your hot empathy is free 10 0 how the West likes to preference test and tell Africa of all the new technology it can give just and other cargo ship full of empty promises and enough carrot to dangle until this triangle with debt contains onceagain slowly stacking these machines of higher the wall and I'll on 1 side we have not on the other the hands and I'll have you know our cultures are more than just throwing lots with woven with in now with the tongue the histories formalism creations inventions and sequence of defiant nations all to be overshadowed by tiny flickering screens and lifeless machines but let's bring it back to you and me what the digital grave we've been given the power to live in the what ifs and maybes allowing them to save our inner realities but these them arrived at the fast-paced virtual pages cannot be translated into reality so we crumble insobriety friends I'm talking depression loneliness dissatisfaction and anxiety other generations will be known for the heroes they gave us will be known for creating grand online versions of ourselves claiming it failing to be say here's you can't fill a hall of fame with false sulfur selfies who are we really addicted addicted to affirmation confirmation that you matter that you're not just a number but what happens when your in popularity nor that just Kennedy we of constantly flooded
with content discontent disconnected dejected always getting for a fixed fearing the fear of rejection or who are we read I think the new
Facebook symbol should be the head of Beelzebub you know the pig from lord of the flies because in this imaginary land this Republic of man everybody just once the conscious the chance to have their own voice known above the other so we abandon morality and common decency and report its other apart the refresh the the from up the trough the little piggies are coming in the billions watch them as they don't in each to understand man do I feel would be become a generation eager to please and were unable to commit just click interested we're so isolated did we crave a touch with the world in on all our secrets nothing is sacred did we get angry at the thought of surveillance useful know how to play to frolic in a forest of glancing at it on a teeny tiny HT screens put it down and look up mall at the real world of green this red thickly around the from the veranda canvas to expand your lungs open up your throat and find pleasure in a real flowers and allow sensors to collide with the scary world taste the magic here although 1 that left the glory and listened to a voice told the story be here the human again stop searching for me in the world wide web was it should be called the wild wild west on right yet and I would like to be spun so close to you close enough to hear the hum of your thoughts 1 should join me in this place in seeking such a space lastly allow me to remind you of something that some of you have forgotten want every even know silence peace tranquillity all you really know as busy isn't it technologies were both in only present in stone this in still must have fallen in the ground and friends because the human and and that
you know and thank you know and
and there's a few movies but let's now
jumped on our time machine in our time machine and traveled to the year 2030 that's just forget about all the negative science and imagine everything goes just perfectly so please enjoy a top honor this utopian scenario scenario by do on applied by she's the godmother of the better place that and is a cofounder of Germany's largest the nation platforms at a place lab at a place that b and
if and the here ch ch this well 2nd time yet I don't know if it's great to be here
and earlier this year and I was in India and on a research trip looking at the Digital Agenda divide and that in the basement of the New Delhi NGO calls feminist
approaches to technology I met a really lovely young 19 year old girl sim from an urban slum similar laughs technology and she also wants to start a family now fast-forward to the year 2030 and I believe is going to have a good job in the Indian
tech sector and she's going to have a family and a young daughter called Shashi no 1 day
Shashank in kindergarden will fall ill In implanted in her fingertips you will notice the rise in temperature a small blood sample will be taken and analyzed some around the mother is going to receive a text message of work informing that her daughter has been falling ill with malaria and that they're if you would treatments on also now consider arm is going to file a request with the W H L in order to get funding for 1 of these treatments the In algorithm is going to accept her funding request hence
some around complacent order and she will receive immediately in direct cash transfer on how mobile account can she was a better place an order with the local laboratory and they will print it personalized medication for Shashi which will be the little by white throwing will in 2 hours of the initial diagnosis in and
I have somewhat this sorry energy should take some water the and the I
did that very nite so I'm in charge you going to talk about the year 2017 when they're
where at every single day 1 thousand 200 people dying of malaria children die of malaria and this means 50 children every hour this very are what we spend here at Republic of and they will thank the Hindu god of medicine that thank God things have changed in their situation is so much better this is only 1 case from India In this trench Rhoddodd 2030 which you can find in the whole we have published many cases in many scenarios which we will do we which we believe will be the reality in 2013 by so this time
many problems will be safe we will have
a robust worldwide interconnected digital infrastructure we will also have a tech literacy for men and women and there will be many decentralized production structures they will be able to do create personalized medicine but also communities will be able to create and the 3 D print their own shelters and houses the there will be if we make the right decisions now widespread open source software which people all over the world will benefit because they can fluently share resources services and products and I believe that direct cash transfers will eliminate many of the existing donor structures we will have we have today so that people will actually take be able to take care of themselves locally I stand here as a you but I very strongly believe that this is a very real utopia thank you
thank you and the where this sounds like a pretty awesome future right but what does
it take to get there so let's go back
to the year 2017 and listen to Thomas above on he's the parliamentary State Secretariat to the beams that and he's going to take a through the Digital Agenda for Development Cooperation thank you
and if
the thank you very much ladies and
gentlemen it's a pleasure for me to talk to you and to discuss with you the challenges and the opportunities of
digitalization in our globalized brought thank you for these examples we just heard and this gives us a lot of hope that many will be able to benefit from the wealth created by digital means but at the same time we have to be open for the challenges and the risks that entire groups of people of regions of countries are forgotten and left behind in the shadows of the sprite digital future so between these perspectives of utopia and dystopia the fact is that unexpected changes the rate us and we cannot afford to do uh to just to to sit on the sidelines of history and watch as the future unfolds we will need to actively shape the evolution of digital transformation that is the only way to unleash its full potential for mankind form as many people as possible so it's a mix
of opportunities and challenges we are confronted with and that's why we need guidance and for example through the Digital Agenda of our the
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development we want to develop such a strategy and to create the guidance we need edges still have the pleasure now to officially presented you our thoughts and our ideas on how to proceed there is a lot that can be learned from the past the digital the community of today is quite young there for some of you might not recall the 2 global summits on the internet which took place in 23 and 25 these so called World Summit on the Information Society rural the 1st forums to discuss the future of the digital world in Geneva 12 thousand delegates and in Tunis 17 thousand delegates from around 175 countries were asked and I quote to take concrete steps to establish the foundations for an information society for all at that time the did 2 possibilities were very different from what we have today not yet encompassing every part of our daily lives but even then these 2 global summits rural full of controversy some hated the internet as the solution to almost all the problems of our world and others pointed to the new challenges the digital age would bring with it such as data security intellectual property rights Internet government governance and human rights issues what were the outcomes of the summits different plants and go it's were drafted the Geneva Plan of Action and the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society today 10 years later on in 20 15 10 years later these as summits outcomes rural refute it's interesting to note that most of what had been anticipated 10 years earlier had not taken place the technologies applications and policies that we have now had not even been thought off back then From this we can draw some lessons when we develop strategies and policy guidelines which look at the future we need to avoid a technocratic or overly deterministic approach and we need to stay flexible the failure of the summits
to anticipate the future is probably 1 reason why we are here today the Republika and other digital
conferences and commercial fears have taken over the task of discussing the potentials and challenges of the digital
world and most importantly today date we've understood what we must do what about digitalization we want to use and shape digitalization for sustainable development worldwide and in that regard we have a lot of work to do right now many are excluded from the great the trends so we are discussing here at the Republic of the
digital divide is a reality and it may even become a wider this is 1 of the key findings of the 2016 World Bank Development Report half of the world's
population is offline today but not by choice most of the people who do not have any access to the internet and to internet related to its live in developing countries in Africa today 75 per cent of all people never use the internet not because they don't want to but because of a lack of infrastructure hardware software skills and relevant content or because Internet use is unaffordable for them furthermore most of the content on the Internet is only in 1 language in English the so how can for example a young fathers so maybe are looking for helpful information about his child's illness benefit from the tremendous knowledge that he's theoretically available online equal opportunities and access for all communities are important so that people can decide at the local level how best to make use of digitalization axis is
that only about having a smartphone or an internet cafe around the corner is also about digital skills and relevant content because high-speed Internet by itself will not save blocked the the digital transformation has the potential to create hundreds of millions of new jobs in our partner countries in Africa and in Latin America and
the nation the already today households in developing economies are more likely to have access to a mobile phone then to electricity or clean water additionally more than 300 million people are already using mobile payment systems today the Internet is boosting Africa's GDP by 18 billion US dollars 18 billion and that figure will rise to 300 billion US dollars in additional GDP in the next few years in some developing countries the
digital technology is already in use are more advanced than those being used in Europe by the way this is a very new perspective in development
policy that in our partner countries the economic
evalution is stronger faster and more innovative more creative than we are in use to perceive it in Germany in Europe in industrialized countries young developers working in impact in Kigali largos or Nairobi are working on creative innovative digital solutions to sort of local challenges we want to foster these local innovative ideas and wants to harness the digital transformation for sustainable development the we are aware of the painfully duality of the digital transformation of the technology that empowers you can also subjugate you the digital transformation is certainly not a cure for everything the challenges for humanity will not be resolved through digital technologies alone that we believe we have a moral obligation to make the potential of digitalization reality and shape these developments that's why I'm here today and that's why we identified digital development as 1 of our core focus areas in German development cooperation the topic is not new to us we have been shipping technology policies and integrated tech 2 was in our development work since the late 19 nineties but today this you speed of digital change makes this task far more essential and more urgent than it used to be already today the Internet is not the free place it used to be 10 years ago things are changing quickly and many places freedom is at risk yet to freedom of speech and access information are key issues for human development so we strongly believe that only people have the chance to access information to use the Internet and to express their views freely will they be able to assert other rights like education or fear working conditions and as we want to empower people the German government was 1 of the advocates for including free access information in the 2030 agenda for sustainable development that has been adopted by nearly all the countries in the world in September 2015 what we need to do to do right now is actively formulate what we want digital world to look like we need orientation and of course we need action because the futurists neither black nor white and for this purpose we have drafted a strategy paper entitled harnessing the digital revolution for sustainable development rather than
repeating the mistakes made at conferences 10 years ago we want to
focus on the democratic values and on empowering those who shape digital developments in Africa Latin
America and Asia we want our strategy paper to serve as a compounds for an uncertain policy future which can be used to chart a course between utopia and dystopia and he wants to implement this digital agenda with all of you in the very flexible way I mentioned before so that we are are not the finding ourselves 10 years later and assessing the mistakes we could make today so we have to flexibly adapt our policies strategies in a way that we can allow compete with the speed and term of the potential of digitalization to in 2015 uh I stood on this very stage telling you that my ministry has about 160 6 on-going projects with digital technologies at their court today with more than twice that number and are implementing around 350 projects across the world in 75 countries with a total investment of around 1 . 3 billion years this is a huge step forward in German development cooperation and let me take the opportunity to thank my staff uh were present here for this brilliant shop they did these last 2 years 1 . 3 billion euros this amount might sound surprising for ministry that is not traditionally a digital ministry but our partner countries in Africa Asia and Latin America are investing heavily in digital infrastructures the demands digit projects and digital support because they know as well as we do that the futurist digital we also want to look ahead anticipates developments and use them for sustainable development for all we therefore scan the future periodically we do this and projects like the trend about by Better Place which we are proud to have supported it's a stunning and clever look at our world in 20 30 this just to urge to honor a bread butter of Better Place describing her utopia version of the future but I can assure you that the trend of our takes a very balanced and unique look at trends said to unfold such as big data the global maker movement the future implications of the Internet of Things for so called thing tech solutions in the financial sector will continue to stay up-to-date with changes as the evil on adapting the strategies in our field of international development accordingly and given the pace of digital transformation 1 thing is sure we will need to adapt constantly in order to see up to date the now it's my pleasure to introduce 3 people will give us concrete examples of how we can shape our digits future instead of being shaped by it we will hear more about how we can better visualize and understand poverty rates and how the whole thing time around the globe this presentation is given by doctor was going finger from data let than will also see how is reinventing its computer hardware and production and industry with digital manufacturing this presentation is from a doctor come i'll get cheeky from box obey pronounce it correct correctly and finally we will hear more from the mountain we a bit about how digital was are helping him get access to higher education and Mr. mobile is from here on uh and uh in this study tool for for students it's a through initiatives and stores like yours that our strategy our Digital Agenda will be fitted the flat so thank you very much for joining this conference in the near future it's likely that the division of or concentration of power will be more pronounced this will make it more difficult for us for civil society the change was or integrate norms in cyberspace and therefore I want to call upon you to become active get involved join NGO was that are working on shaping our digital future advocate for digital rights and real digital opportunities we are not the passive objects of current developments we are active subjects you all are additive subjects in this development so it's up to us how we shape the future of the time is now thank you very much for your kind attention thank you very much for your support for your creativity and for your innovative power I wish you all the best for your projects and your work thank you very much
few thank you very much Mister that behind
and if you're more interested in the Digital Agenda I can get a copy later here and we also have the
tend to that acid as well because like and talking about friends and now we're listened to 3 very personal diaries on how the future is already here and what kind of thing there is well bank elites economist and he's going to tell you more about on how to track poverty and the world
the the thank you very much Mister Deputy Minister thank you very much of a lot giving me the opportunity to launch
toward poverty clock here today in Berlin at Republic I think you could the Ministry of Development Cooperation for supporting this endeavor when a 1st tell you a bit what fascinated me about this activity and will take you a few years back to the year after the unification of 1990 I just finished high school and I made a decision to
travel to Africa from Cape Town to Cairo this picture was taken in Eastern Kenya on the way to Somalia and when I look back at this uh what was still 1 most important trip my life look back at this and for the press from my mother handled it I'm the only child and at that time remember there was no internet there was when those cellphones even they just started to emerge in there was
no you know so communication was letters and postcards for those of you who remember what what that is so I've not 3 children 2 of them are teenagers themselves and they may soon take a trip like this as well and I'm I would have mixed feelings of although they lived actually in in southern countries and but there's 1 big difference that connected I could check in with them and chat almost every day and so that would probably give me more comfort that my mother had but so you have many talks about about how and not just in this forum of how the world this is changing in reshaping all of us so is it really is the digital world all around us in every aspect of in it is not it's not and paradoxically it's not in the field of data in a fit of data statistics and
economics we still operate like we did in the 20th century is still you know the Commission survey takes months of you collect the data of a few months and a few years than the report comes by telling the things that happened 4 years ago that's a bit outdated that's why world leaders including Angela Merkel our Chancellor called for a data revolution for the STG so this 2 g Sustainable Development Goals shorthand for making the world a better place by 20 30 and these are the the the 17 st Jesus goal number 1 is you know it's ending extreme poverty which is defined at 1 dollar 90 per day so extreme poverty which you typically find in Africa Asia and Latin America for that of the task at hand how can you make data work for the institutes especially for poverty what would it take it she takes in a simple visual
it takes a data refinery
so it takes a data refinery a data refinery this adjusting of why last century in what had to be refined itemid useful for the same the Sabah with
data basically have to do an extracted you have to distillate engineer permitted path and usable and then you can answer 3 big questions is 3 b questions is the world getting better I think about it so we're getting better is the world on track to
end poverty how fast is the world getting better or for the pessimism on your how fast is the getting worse can you you measure that and where is it getting better and when not because of the B class so that's now the task at hand that it picked him off of tech preneurs ripped teams in Kenya out teams there to that the father of the of the Jews who works at the Brookings Institution as part of our
team and I'm proud to share with you
after this date the wall poverty trap that the number at hand to 650
2 million people are
currently in poverty and this clock is however taking and
are you can actually see it here we have In response to either 1 slip just make this a little bigger yeah apologies for that long so
the way we are the is what they're getting better yes poverty is being reduced that should be reduced by 1 . 1 people per 2nd and is already today 83 thousand people escape poverty but it's 23 thousand of fell back into poverty fulfill mixed story but on balance is better at how fast so as I just mentioned 1 . 1 people per 2nd is the current rate so that's fast but as you see the fast enough to meet the global goal of 1 . 5 people per 2nd so we detection to speed up with the speed of what does the data show us Army speeding up and let's go forward to 2020 and unfortunately no 2020 they'll be fewer people in poverty 573 million by then but these poverty escape rate would have dropped to 0 . 8 so that's the challenge and how can be accelerated poverty reduction in the world now where is poverty being reduced and that's what we're very proud because this dataset has almost all countries and 99 . 7 % of the world's population in there you have the countries which very little extreme poverty by the denition definition I told you also many countries in Europe if green countries that really making good progress and would meet that target you have yellow countries that make slow progress in rich countries with things are getting in the above the poverty is actually increasing removing the wrong direction so let me show you 3 countries Kenya country I know reasonably well well solicit recently currently 11 million people in poverty and the escape rate of 30 29 people per minute so shut what time you see the clock ticking because every 2 minutes 1 person would escape poverty in Kenya and that's progress but it's not fast enough we would need 90 people per minute as you see to Make Poverty History in Kenya so let's go to another country the most populous country in which Africa Nigeria in Nigeria is a challenging country because the judge area of 74 million poor people today and every minute 8 people fall back into poverty picture GIS just came out with growth forecast for that Nigeria's growing a little bit 1 % but population growth is growing rapidly that's why I just saw somebody fall back into
poverty in Nigeria so that's 1 of the big future challenges and I'll tell you why I remember this number 73 million it will actually get a little bit worse because of the current situation so by
next year next report because it will be around 77 million so let's go to another country we heard of it before today India today each the country where the most poor people and I'm looking at today has about 100 million for people with this India 100 million poor people today 101 million poor people in 2 weeks time and it would have been below 100 million and India is reducing poverty very rapidly almost 1 person per minute I want us to the 2nd 54 people per minute that's where the clock is ticking so fast so what is happening in the next years Republican next is a propagating there will have reduced poverty by more than 25 million and for the 1st time in our generation in there will not be the country where the most poor people in the world to remember the Nigerian number that was 77 out 76 them and so then engaged he keeps on track with its current development momentum then already by 2021 in there will be below 3 percentage officially has been set not as the target for our from being close to ending poverty retrieving the
aim of the new India will have more less succeeded wouldn't that be a great headline for for the news headline again he didn't know so far cause we haven't had the data model so I really hope you enjoy this hope you find your own countries you find out which countries will soon and poverty with with other countries which need extra effort and which need to know we're going to find out why you why these countries are not making as much progress and try to make the data better because these estimates are going to make it better and more granular you can find out more so with that to enjoy the tool thank you for giving me the chance to launch it uh
I hang that's has has certainly have politics and have yes I'm
going to introduce you have not had to have maximum by each he's a refugee from Syria who came here to Germany just 2 years ago and he won't time you and he's very personal story on higher
education integration can be exist tests with the help of the e-learning program hiring cannot I
that afternoon everyone and thanks for the party to whom they give me that from here and 13 year prison story and a Hilbert will be
meaningful and inspiring for many of you so I'm going to I'm going to talk about would journey I've made in the last 1 has here and which is also a great experience um but before that I will tell you that on myself it was born and raised in Syria and few months after I finished my high school and demonstrations sport is to place my home had to leave I wanted to a state 3 months and tradition and went to Cyprus at separating surface it was enrolled at the University of standardize year and I am have to be for financial reasons and go back to what you were I was working out for 3 years have recently notifications and the black market and really hard of circumstances and in June 2015 I just realized that doing that to the Balkan route trip to Germany is the only option and lifted so I started preparing for 2 types of journeys the first one was the physical from Turkey to Germany and the 2nd 1 was indication of now having an access to that of the car educational system in Germany or in Europe in general as a whole journey that immigrants have to go through and at that time I started like asking friends searching using websites looking for scholarships and after like 1 month of what you can call like a little research and I found out that to mean barriers that immigrants face violate trying to get an access to university in the first one is language and there are many reasons why language is a barrier free people who doesn't know the language and they should learn it and but generally like it it takes a lot of time and effort to acquire a high level of German language for instance and even good integration program that is supported by the state only covers up to a certain level which is not enough to enter university so if you need to um acquire higher level you have to go for an advanced courses that either you should find someone who support your you played by itself which is also a problem and a 2nd barrier is documentations is documents as we know like bureaucracy is accomplished thing in Europe is not simple thing and many refugees they have and the lack of the documents into a university those documents could be a high school sophisticated or even if the high school certificate exists it might not fulfill the requirements asked like needed by the University so having those 2 things in mind I kept on searching and I give up until I found some Kiran Oppenheimer education and idea of carrying current as energy 0 that is pretty much working in the same way of the Erasmus exchange program and what they do is they try um to help refugees to integrate into the higher educational system and by offering them free online courses and um what they do is they offer like 3 online courses for for refugees in English this is 1st and 2nd they do not require any type of bureaucratic complexity it's only a paper that you have to show to prove that you are an asylum-seeker so um in 2000 uh 15 I joined Kiran and I started taking their online courses and um after that the point is that after you take a certain amount of courses with current and they transfer you to a party interest and how they do that is since they are not as a recognized university you would be doing is this they signed earning agreements with universities or interested in calling current students after they finish certain amounts of courses and 2015 arrive in Germany I started with power and I was able to finish some amount of courses by uh no it's a May 2016 and got scholarship at 1 of the party universities of of a kind which is barred college women and now I'm finishing my 1st year after the transfer and the cost is the classes I took with current the online ones I recognize and they're recognizes ECTS credits and to say 1 more thing about them like the idea of Calm and online education in general according to my experience they see it as a pretty much as a a shortcut that most of the immigrants need them agrees they come and they and they already they've been away from the universities and schools for a long time I mean you'd like a quick and simple solu solution the 90 like like a very complex and long-term solutions and I found that in Cairo like they made this shortcut the more they made this kind of they were able to bridge the gap that that offline education is not able to bridge at the moment and again in general like a I would say that and again according to my experience I ISI Karande as about the idea of the use of online education is is a great component of offline indication that can foster and like made that the process of integration so much faster and much easier thank you
thank you have in the beginning I ask you whether you would like to buy your personal Future robots
from an African brands and you were pretty interested but at the moment the
local industrial production and many African countries is very low but they are visionary technologists before looking to change the situation already and we're very happy that the come out and she gives you today he is the founder of gearboxes and he's going to tell you more and more about the opportunities of the digital publication like 3 D printing or
thank you very much but it's a real pleasure to be here my story began someone I left
Kenya to study at university in the eighties and I was very fortunate to get the opportunity to do my hired occasion my undergraduate degree in the in the UK and then later on my master's and Ph.D. in the US 0 when I finished then I went to Japan and work for a year and a half of them would sorry two-and-a-half years doing research for a from their quality decay and then went back home because I felt very strongly that I needed to apply what I've learned and been fortunate enough to be exposed to a back in my country for the obvious reasons I when I got there some unfortunately it was really difficult for me to apply what I've learned because in the university that wasn't the equipment necessary to do this sort of research that I had become accustomed to and so very quickly at change hats and become sort of an administrator trying to raise funds and try to see whether I can get to the facilities set up at the university so I could do what I needed to and all the while carrying on teaching anywhere and basically I was able at some point in 2009 to convince the government to buy a FabLab for the University of Nairobi that's a digital fabrication lots of time for many of you are familiar with this concept is 1 in Berlin and the idea basically is a tumor allowing people to be able to use these tools to design things using the computers and then to be able to fabricate the right there and then this is a wonderful experiment at the University of with had great success and we found that the students who had been used to doing everything in silos if you a mechanical engineer all that you did including your practical with mechanical engineers but here we had a space where they could all makes and people were not engineers at all could also be in the very same space and so it kind of opens up the space for innovation and for all kinds of interesting things to happen and we did find this was the case at 1 point in fact the dean of engineering came to me and said some it happens that most of the students were enrolled at the fog of war in the problem very frequently are failing the exam and I was really puzzled and I looked into it and I found he was right and the reason was that they were getting tools and or going out into the city and getting jobs using the tools that they had acquired in the FabLab was actually a really nice problem to have had a councilman little bit but basically it was wonderful to see that kind of success and moved on and worked with the people who were at the eye of of of metal or people you were familiar with the governor of the end of the i have had an idea for a hardware space I had the same idea we came together and we set up the ABox and so I left the university mostly because the bureaucracy there was too slow for what I thought I wanted to see happening and amour de share with you some of what we've been doing
in gearbox is a video of of a device that a machine that we've made is kind of a combination of many years of work and this is actually an adequate because the person who made this machine is now selling these machines in fact he sold 1 of the machines to a company which is now fabricating metal for publication of
vehicles for G M arise actually sort of trucks in case of a partnership with GM and this machine is actually cutting of metal for that so we're really proud to have and made some more sophisticated machine that is actually meeting international standards and has has met the topic being made the cut where GM is concerned and so on but unfortunately I'm going to be losing the head of engineering for both because he's now setting up his own company and and running it but he's been trained as him over there in the picture but he's been training others to take his place so all those of you who are interested in ordering that role what pleased to see me afterward and I'll be I'll take
6 this gentleman here is called general general would for a bank has awarded officer and his problem in his mind was he's giving out loans and the people he gives gives a loss to with the rent
out the property that they have a for will not be able to use that money to pay back the loan to be about 4 times the amount and so he thought why don't I try and devise a way to make cheaper housing and so his
solution was interlocking blocks and interlocking blocks basically make the cost of the building a lot lower so you can actually save up to 50
% and instead of building look low-income housing for people he was his design is to make the machine and put in the hands of all people so that they can they blocks for other people and then be able to afford their own housing because if you just provide low-income housing for people the likelihood is that they won't be able to stay there very long and um he
made the machine as a maker uh he does not have an integrated background this is a wonderful thing about what we do would give both and FabLabs you don't have to be an engineer to be practical and to be very productive and so you can see User piece of junk make a machine which the newspaper they got really good advertising and then very quickly found that there were problems because the machine kept breaking down so he came to give both we open the sort that out and now he's actually won a prize for Habitat for Humanity and there's a plan of a project in the in the city that's being done using this particular technology this is 3 D printing everybody loves reprinting and this is what that we've done together in a in an organization called may connect mechanic comprises civic it comprises of course structure field ready at a local must the hive and also to give off some of you I think a problem here in the orders he does raise your hand well OK I can't see you belong and so the solution here is very interesting that you have clinics in all parts of the city where just because something
very little on the machine breaks down the machine can work and so the idea is to go in and and and designed this and then make it on
the 3 D printer and supplied and we can see some happy recipients yield of some of equipment of from the experiment we did very successfully this is being done in other parts of the world
as well so it's a wonderful international cooperation you have designers from all over the world pitching-in of very often free of charge the solutions of this is a project where we're bringing in university professors and helping them to commercialize what they do and in this case this is some of people University of Maribor have an enzyme based process for processing level so you put in the height and after a short time up to 6 hours which is also part of the revolutionary aspect of this innovation you have the separation of the hide from the hair and then they have other enzyme that converts the hair into proteins that can be actually consumed by animals and humans so it's a really interesting of a project that has been patented and will open the word books to commercialize happen with body with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers on this and some funding from the PNG is Africa as well yes but there is an ecosystem necessary for real industrialization to happen and what we're doing here this is a company that owned by the state but it has very wonderful machines has been very poorly managed up until now what we're seeing whether we can make this much more accessible to members idea both from get from the universities so that you know about that do have to buy their own equipment to be part of to be in production they can come in rent and use this on a short-term basis and let others so these sorts of sharing type of arrangements are really important for the kinds of walls that we have all and there just to say that these are the people of the organization's levels and Foundation orders Fondation kpmg East Africa Silicon Valley Community Foundation USA ID will be funding would we do give both and I would just met make a very special word of thanks to be and of making it possible for me to be here is exciting and I can see a lot of things happening to change so that you really will probably find that you'll be buying your robot from African company thank you very much
varimax now I hand it to the future comes to an end we have learned that sad
that that to the transformation can offer a fantastic opportunities and so we hope that so there will be more visionaries that just like the ones we had here
today to step up and tight talents if you have questions if you feel that you want to talk about the things and you will have the opportunity to meet all the speakers and their will probably clocks dances and just 15 minutes thank you very much for your time and enjoy the rest of it at the tap thank you
thank you very much room for long but can you please give room louder more In a louder applause these the number around I thank
you go on to if you let DDT


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