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DRONE, Inc.: Marketing the Illusion of Precision Warfare

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word of the and the the the the world at the
end of the day the chime
you what it but I thank you very much for
coming out for our talk I actually am very glad that we got to follow some year higher because you've got to see some of the promise of the future of drones and what possibilities may exist and I want to make it very clear to people that the video that you watching which lies in the future is not the same as the kind of drones to the US military to users so for example the video is overtures was really kind of beautiful depiction of how to rescue victims user quadrocopters and the kind of footage that you saw was taken from actually quite a low height what the US military uses is drawn to fly at greater heights and use different technologies which I'm about to demonstrate to you and me but I think it's important to bear in mind the difference and when the critical differences here
is the fact that this is part of a network system now get into that in a little bit this is any report will come out at the end of the month and I just wanna some rights with the US
military . scores would bases is track terrorists the only kill when absolutely necessary and not innocent people almost never killed and the question you may ask is how and when mostly but you don't ask that question the reason your idea I Majesty's you wanna know how so with apologies to present united states I wanna tell you how we only use the best technology the best we'll use the smartest soldiers who very good very smart trust me and finally we have magic now I'm being a little sarcastic here and the reason I am doing this is not because I don't think the soldiers are doing their best or because the technology isn't so amazing but because I think we believe in magic we believe when we see videos like the video of people being rescued that that is the kind of technology that can find a terrorist on the fiield that anywhere in the world track them down and kill them so this is the equipment that
we actually used in the war on terror and say we because I am a British citizen I live in the United States I pay taxes and therefore I'm part of this problem and I wanna get into detail of because this is new very long talk we only have about 15 minutes and on show you a video of of of what it's like to be a strong strong soldier and I I wanna put in those quotes the smart soldiers because I I think people need to understand what a soldier is an United States soldiers to play some the age 18 to 24 was put in front of a computer all given a gun and sent to wall typically now in the more because it takes place from the United States in energy present in the fields they're not in Pakistan another Afghanistan war in Iraq with the
eyes in something called a ground control station in these ground control stations a little of containers they look the same wherever they and the world that you transfer the Montaigne's unpacked and set them up so whenever you and the world you made you you are in exactly the same set up this is the kind of
footage that they would see but but
most important I wanna go back a little bit
is not actually the plane itself the what's underneath it this this this ball over here the sensible and what it
contains it is a video camera and it contains the laser eliminated by which you can point to the target and a thermal imaging devices and finally on the plane itself it offers a phone tracking system
the these has a technology that use and these are the 2 technical terms used for motion video thermal infrared imagery synthetic aperture radar is a shop talk I can't get into the details but none of this is an long or talk with with another hour q in a so to get into some of other explanation how the system works it's not the drone itself it's actually really important to understand the John is 1 element of a bigger system a military system that is global and uh there's uh command in the US would you use this this this description very light like his name is debt to let his now retired and he says when we think of drones you must understand the drawn is simply a piece of fiberglass in the sky that was made of fiberglass which sensors and what's important is not the drone the sensors on it and the fact that the feed into something covered should common ground system and research you worked images just distribute coming around system to should tell you more about it now in the very
short time that I have I want to demonstrate to the difference between the foot foot of footage that you saw from some and what soldiers actually see 2 this is actually the quality of the video footage and apologist obviously went out in front of a screen and and projecting it is more compression and things like that but this is roughly the quality what they actually see on a predator and the newest videos they can see something this quality now of course you also perhaps further down in the hall but it should be pretty obvious you it is not possible to figure out where there these are men women and children and you could easily be fooled and in fact the multi-user
systems try and figure out how good the quality of the images and it's called the linear system the Virginia system and typically the predator carries equipment that can see a large truck if you have a high-definition and our faster-moving thing you can see an individual moving through a market and it's only if you have something that's a very high quality what's called me as a that you can actually make out some the holding up lot of gun so the reality is in fact from the predator which is flying about 3 kilometers up in the sky the quality that you can actually see is only able to make that individuals as opposed to the specific people that they are this in more
detail I won't bore you with that of those are the kinds of actual cameras that use what's most important is this thing over here and unfortunate little cut off and this little number here is the speed of the transmission and so 1 of the things that's really important drawn is not the quality of the camera but the quality of the transmission because that video has to go via satellite all the way across the other side of the world and a predator can only actually transmit about 3 megabytes per 2nd and therefore you can only see trucks as objects it's only once you get to read book that you can really make out individuals you cannot see people's faces you
cannot make them make out the weather not they're holding a cell phone this is the quality in this is this is high-quality imagery new has 8 that's the best they can do so
what is the moment you drew they rely on
on a and and uh we we talked about video will switch now to talk about thermal imagery so that the what the US what as the user's 10 different kinds of technologies and the combined into 1 is not
perfect it entered the 2nd technology and that technology the problem of having 10 bad technologies is you have what you have what's called confirmation bias the more if you have 1 error is compounded by the 2nd and so this is actually from a something called of the cut 97 strike which depart
about place in 2010 and if you can read it but basically the sentence is highlighted in yellow and this is 80 cents operator the camera operator talking to pilot what he says is the only we have been able to see a rifle if they move them around when they're holding them when with muscle classes out flashes out of slinging them across the shoulders in other words when a sitting any of that out watching a drawn feed in Pakistan the best you can hope for is to see somebody moving a rifle like this you can't actually see the detail you don't know exactly what they're doing so much so that the US military has on occasion in the middle of a firefight killed US soldiers because they thought that they would the militants and the US uses these Predator drones on the border and border guards she testified to say that they're not able to tell the difference between the US border guards and somebody crossing from
Mexico and use a uniformed guards so it is important to talk about the the quality and the capability of the transmission of I want us move forward
quickly to the mode of perhaps the most important technology here which is the tracking of of your phone so 1 the reasons among because the metric can see where they try to do is find your phone and a lot of people believe if you have a smartphone that since you know where you are that means the government must know where you are and I wanna tell you that actually that's not true the reason is that of a cell phone of transmits just like a radio in the circle and the only way to figure out where cell phone is is you have to have 2 locations or 3 locations ideally as you can see where you can actually see whether the 2 of them overlap that's this is something called strangulation try Laplacian where if you if you get 3 different signals and you get them to intersect you can see where the individual is but you have a bigger problem which is the fact that in order to know where the the of phone is you have to monitor the the from a fixed at all in this particular case a from but the drone is moving and the drawn knows its location only in reference to its GPS signal which is sometimes not a very high quality of
so we have I think only have a couple minutes left so uh I wanted from rush through this and I wanted to show you but actually demonstration of what the US military things the quality of its is isn't that 3 minutes of the quality of the equipment this is actually a secret document quote unquote secret but you can get on the internet that I have access for official use only if the handbook the predator pilots using a nirvana and I
picked up 2 sections from it and I listed in each of the technologies that we talked about the electro-optical the video the infrared the synthetic aperture radar which you didn't get into and funded by moving target indicator which another radar system you see is the lit up in yellow that each of these technologies by the uh by definition of US military doesn't work the US what itself realizes the technology is only possible to track large objects and therefore they're relying
on and would go back to the set of 2 rest at the relying on these 18 to 24 your soldiers to interpret that imagery of of
and then conclude with a few quotes from US much soldiers and then will switch to the perspective of the soldiers and annihilation that I made in the USA will speak from the point of view so here are some quotes from the US Border Patrol using the same video same Predator drones and and they figured it was actually cheaper and better to use piloted planes on the board of US the US and Mexico than to use drones because of the poor quality of the technology but here's a quote from somebody actually is the manufacturer of from the and he says it's 1 thing to get technology it's another thing to actually analyze it and there's a whole software sections this presentation I can make a 3rd and then and then the final is the ad this concept the idea that if you're sitting in a booth in you have magic technology available to you you can transform the nature of war and what about Paul then replace says is that action action war has not changed just because you have a piece of equipment and you're sitting on the other side of the world you cannot necessarily figure out who the enemy is and that's the final quote lips
of I didn't have to believe me very
good the the final for each other said uh and then will play the video of half look it so this is now I admit that this presentation acted some the work to the National Security Council in this
present only the commanders will often come and tell the politicians the technology the politicians say we want this drawn to go to Syria and should show us something and the commands would say we know this technology doesn't work it's useful for certain things but it cannot find the terrorist find them guilty and then be used to kill them so in a sense essentially that of the sayings this says now we're gonna switch to this to not really dimension and this is going to speak and healthy that would put it into some
perspective that you and I
the in this would be the unit so here you have the the list of
so I work with a lot of the of the rest of
the universe in the region so this is a lot of work on the uh the the sort of the and and the what of about
it we
use the name of the so the the the
the sometime in
sometimes we are and how much of the of the uh such of that you use some
of the the the and and I call this in the back we
might have been a part of the of the of the of the of the of the of the the we come to have
a a severe hi my name is the slang and I
used to work on that system from I wanna
say something and make it pretty clear that I didn't give put up any classified information he dug all of this stuff up on the internet without my help but however what I would like to say is that in some way was just talking about this technology and technology is great I love technology um I'm a geek at heart my half but what I wanna say about technology is that what people miss in the conversation is the humanity what we're talking about is a human life so imagine you're sitting in your car and you're trying to find an ice cream parlor you trying to go get ice cream with your family and sometimes the GPS gets it wrong right sometimes you end up in front of a burger joint or somewhere else which is fine when you're looking for a spring but it's not OK when we're talking about human lives it is absolutely not OK it is not OK to have 1 technology that is not perfected and use it in an experimental way when we're talking about human lives in American life is no better than somebody's life in Pakistan or anywhere else in the world and the thing about all of this is that I'm at least for us in america we have to get out of this idea that if you come from a different country if you if you wear a different dress if you do a different thing that you're a terrorist automatically and we also have to understand that the loss of water they're not straightforward and I went to Afghanistan and I went to a small community and there was a gentleman and he was actually the police officer of the community and the thing about it is this is they dress and cultural clothing and that cultural clothing that the police officer in the community who carries a gun where X is the same color clothing that the person who's the schoolteacher where's that the child where's that everybody else wears a so caring about does not necessarily make you an enemy combatants so 1 of my questions that have had is what are the rules of war anymore what are the what constitutes sovereignty if there is a device that pretty much without governance that cross over borders what are we talking about here when we're talking about human lives what's important to us and whereas the humanity in this conversation technology is
awesome I love it but just because we have a hammer does not mean that everything is a male and what happened to them even General McChrystal's that has have some that pretty much money drawn
1 innocent civilian that 10 enemy they're made and people are under the impression that there is this enemy rate and that in this finite number of people and if we kill this many of that number of people that eventually these words will end if what General McChrystal says and every time we draw on somebody 10 new enemies are created that how these wars and ever you know what I can tell you who profits the bank's profit and the global weapons dealers profit and humanity dies humanity fails way and a lot of the reason why we're here is because this is the 5th Estate and we're here because the 4th estate is failing the the general news media the people who get on television and give us new they're not talking about the humanity within the drone program there's a lot of talk about how you know a bunch of propaganda messes with elections well if we have a function of what the state the checks and balances that are required for any healthy democracy would be there the and it has up to all of us as individuals because we all participate in especially the people in Germany 1 I know where does Ramstein fallenness this is a distributed system and what that means is that the responsibility of the culpability is distributed among all of the people look at a drone and take that as separate they that would be like taking 1 weapon away from an entire brigade and thinking that that Brigade and group of soldiers is now no longer a group of soldiers and the whole thing is a weapon system it's a weapon it spans the globe and there are many military bases there are many pieces the communication there are many things that are encompassed in this thing in every year when I pay my taxes and it goes into the military-industrial complex I am complicity I think that we have to start taking this apartment going or how much responsibility does this over here have and how much responsibility does this over here have and start looking at the people who work for funding this work driving this and that is that the global arms trade that is you know policy politics all of that stuff and we need to put it together if you have 1 communications cable that does 1 thing that goes to your country through your country and he ends up with 1 innocent Pakistani dead that country's complicity
whether or not there is a weapon or 1 single thing or 1 little thing here that it doesn't matter if you want any part of this global system your complicity and we all as human beings need
to stand up and understand that you know this idea of terrorism is an idea and the other thing that we need to understand is that from the ground nobody knows when there's going to be a piece of ordnance following from this thing that's been flying over them for days come in right now if we hadn't from flying under us and nobody is a meal if you're a doctor you can be drowned if you're in in the you can be drowned if you're a teacher you can be drummed ImageNet there's a drawn above us right now I be terrified that's called care and so in my worldview armed drones are terror and we cannot fight a war on terror with more chair uh
you have the honor uh
we have when the unfair the chair if we can't do
it so if we want these more stand we all need to stand up and if all you want learn more about this the coming up here shortly on the 18th is the movie national bird myself into other whistle-blowers there in that film and if you want your voice I hope that you will see it that you share it with your friends and that we all start talking about the human beings in all of this I think you are
that has also called my
or my version
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel DRONE, Inc.: Marketing the Illusion of Precision Warfare
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Autor Chatterjee, Pratap
Ling, Lisa
Barreto, Diani
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33108
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Pratap Chatterjee will present his new report that exposes the contractors, technology and flaws behind the U.S. drone war in Afghanistan, Pakista, Syria and Yemen that has killed thousands of people.

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