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Whatever happened to our dream of an empowering Internet (and how to get it back)

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the and the the the the the the the the the the
the the D the the the what Chairman Thank you very much
and whatever happened to a dream of an empowering Internet and how to get it back
out I am the and as you have heard a senior lecturer in interpre property last year gave a talk on copyright in artificial intelligence it's the video somewhere I using too much my hands they realized at some point I so I always start with an apology and the apology that I'm going to have to date is that the the 2nd part of the title is a bit over click rates that lie I have no idea how to fix the internet obviously books and I was inspired a lot by the theme of the the uh of component this year there's so much so that I decided to jump in through
the topic that I absolutely it is the south side of my of my comfort zone it's outside of copyright so outside of Internet regulation on I've failed very strong believe that there is something that has been lost a will with the Internet that I wanted to explore these so I'm going to go in to topics that are going to be informed a lot in my expertise Internet regulation in some in some ways I'm going to talk to you mostly ass Internet users and have an internet user as brother of many years as fast as 1 of
its 1 of you so it's going to be divided divided in 3 parts the 1st explanation of what is this dream the dream of the empowering internal I the 1st thing that I felt was that M. when I entered the internet for the 1st time and I want to tell you exactly how long uh above that was book this is this dream that I used to have and I can tell you very clearly that this was a very very powerful dream the dream that the Internet can educate people that can communicate people that can and our people can bring people together can reduce inequality
reduce discrimination decentralized and of course be the source of an unlimited amount of cat pictures now these dreams this is a dream that I think is shared by many many people online um many of you will be familiar with this which is perhaps 1 of the founding texts of what later became known as Cyber utopianism jumper a bottle the coloration of Independence of Cyberspace which tells us that the Internet is a
special please assist the user space that is going to be free of government a action actually john perry barlow tells is also very very strongly that governments should actually get out of the internet that they don't have any power on the internet that they don't have any control over what happens on the internet but they don't understand the internet but he was a very powerful message that I think a convinced put a lot of people at the time now indirect Internet regulation circles uh the use of a founding texts has now mostly been used as a joke some people excited that's all look how a naive people were back 1996 uh they thought that the internet was actually going to be and you please send us a powerful tool and use Bayes that it was going to be free of governmental action and of course I still have met lots of people that find this text as an inspiration but I think the the idea that the Internet is itself a at an unregulated space has not been quite well another text that I found quite interesting was that in 2006 and Time magazine actually declared also the person of the year uh because of the rights of social media because of the rise in there possibility of interaction that to a level that was never seen before and live Grossman was actually some of you may know as the offer of the magicians a series of books now is a series of highly recommended that he will do is actually quite interesting text on the glaring OS the people on the Internet and the person of
the year saying that pretty much that all of this was interaction was going to change the world as we know this came to work uh that what is known as Cyber utopianism the Internet is unique technology can save the world of the Internet empowers people and and educated in informed democratic egalitarian globally societies will rise out of the Internet so all of these ideas what is considered to be several building were prevalent in many contexts the ROC around that time up to the point that a 2 thousand and 10 2011 and I would do is what I would call the cyber top innocent and this is not going to to tell you who wrote this but it's it's of texts uh of someone that is there proposing that Twitter should have been nominated to live there in the snow price we
dealt with the the people of Iran would never have empowered been so it felt empowered and confident to stand up for freedom and democracy since in the Arab spring in 2 thousand and then and we can use uh the collateral Mordor their video was released around that same time and the coin and was created it's slightly area earlier but it started becoming prevalent around 2011 all these gave people the idea that governments work on the retreat from the internet that that transparency was on the rise that whistleblowers that we're going to win the transparency wars that governs have to be afraid of the internet and that the internet was going to empower and make this dream that I was describing a possibility that the centralized uh almost almost for governance would be here uh uh mostly administrators now this of course uh what shattered at some point I think that right after 2011 we start seeing uh several things that are not
affect our dream now back in 2007 and 7 before all of these can sustain another very interesting prescient book called the Republic . com another is the republic of come 2 . 0 there which has been updated would even back then he
will describing something that he called the daily me that is almost to a letter describing the filter bubbles that have been uh become so prevalent in recent years and he was describing this internet where we could do whatever we wanted but we also could filter out every type of information that we don't like so we would only read and watch things that we like and never have to come in contact with as an opinion that was a that that we didn't share
and in 2011 there it anymore so what you wrote a very very interesting book the problem that dilution is for role of the text that is this single handedly burst in the uh and uh Sibert optimism a ball and she comments in the in the in the very very scathing criticism of um all the dark side of the Internet In the Internet can be a force for good but also can be misused by specifically and to target uh
uh uh target people to target their activities and this is part of the will of all of soul all of things that we don't like about the Internet than the above what I called of course horseman talking folk ellipse the surveillance state that has been in uh America by the whistleblowers and s node we call him in quite a lot of showing us the the Dada that the Internet is actually being used and misused by governments to its spinal privacy threats from private enterprises that our there were were
being harvested being harvested all the waves of abuse and hate abuse and hate that's all have always existed but somehow the Internet sense tends to make it sometimes even worse and of course security breaches and all the air they attacks on security attacks that we have a witness in in recent years all the things that have chapter our our dream of the Internet things like filter bubbles that were already a so saying described before this post factual society that has been in force almost by the Internet because of the same filter ball sometimes people that that share a wrong idea sometimes get together and they reinforce each other the rise of the anti-vaccination in I don't want to get into the into controversies that like that but it the rise of the flock
there isn't actually use the more people believe that the fact that there is this flat now because they get into the into groups representing and then they start reinforcing those those ideas they growing centralization actually the internet is supposed to be decentralized and we should never have seen things like the blackouts that we have seen the last few years because of our reliance in cloud computing that it's actually putting all our eggs in 1 basket and this is not supposed to happen it was never supposed up and things like that it's reinforcing inequality men in many instances on the to just 2 2 mention 1 of my topics that copyright enforcement so this is the 2nd part of the the uh the negative part them I'm going to try to revive the dream state and some suggestions have been made for example fair enough attempts to use legislation and case law to fix some of the problems all the problems are extremely complex that I have told you there is no solution so for example things like and abuse legislation revamping the creative content filtering obligations website blocking has been used considerably in cooperative region for example reinforced so they're deformation lot make it people who defame online they're more reliable and
criminalize things like revenge on and the right to be forgotten which is the right that we have in Europe and
however these tends to this legislation legislative solutions and I am a lawyer I have included that in my apology and but these legislative solutions often miss the mark for example and In 2000 January 2010 uh somewhat culpable Chavez and apologies because the blue pictures so the blurry and wrote a tweet saying
proc Robin Hood Airport disclosed you've got a week and of the 2 data sets together always and blowing the airport sky high he was prosecuted by the UK government for this because he was a threatening Joe I was considered a threat under the Communications Act 2003 he was convicted and it took 3 appeals for this condition to be quashed eventually so the often governments
and legislation and uh and courts the joke this was obviously a joke everyone who rated I thought it was a joke but it took 3 appeals and millions of pounds to have this injustice reversed things like regulatory efforts often miss the mark sometimes they want to pass legislation or regulation that completely misses the point of what the Internet is actually doing or how it the Internet works of that try to fix something that actually create something that's actually worse than also we have very complex uh interaction between rights for example uh if we like something like the right to be forgotten I personally think it's a good thing we have a very strong conflict between a and privacy the primitive to person's right to privacy and freedom of speech and always have all this very complex interaction of rights there so the law cannot solve Everything social corporate responsibility and we rely on the company's air to save us can rely on the people like Facebook and Google and Twitter to actually try to fix all the so the solutions they can do it through moderation content blocking clear removal policies and most importantly transparency however and
often we have very lack of transparency from the company's the conflicting commercial interests something's it's in the best commercial interests of a company not to read something on not to tackle a problem because it's actually not in the best interest of the advertisers
whatever there is also often a lack of consistency between that for 1 platform handles 1 way and another platform handles it in different ways and there's always the underlying Western bias a lot of these
companies operating the very American centric environment and I'm from Costa Rica often miss uh many of us and another solution that has been provided there by some people to try to be anonymized internet because a lot of times anonymity is blamed as the cause of a lot of and abuse particularly um the idea is that people behave normal people behave in 1 way on and they you they are anonymous early days you kind of not the identity there they're going to be here before they behave completely different uh this is a German girls greatest internet believe what theory uh normal person person at the post audience is the total do you want whatever however there is no evidence whatsoever
that this works that real name uh policies that are being pushed by some people actually watch anonymity can be a good thing in some circumstances we we may need some Anonymity Anonymity can be a right can be an important tool if you're whistle-blower
you you if you're not in in a region that actually criminalizes you're very existence for example and most importantly there is no evidence that I'm citing the paper here very interesting that tell cells that sometimes the real name policy is and the and not the UN and in the anonymization than actually be there uh it lead to an increase in discrimination and harassment so should we bring in the Roberts use artificial intelligence and machine learning to try to solve the problems there there lots of so this is actually increasing the white uh growing field to which for example has now started using machine learning in in the moderation of of of of chat services Google has just opened of their machine learning and artificial intelligence tools they just I think in
February of this year and tool on for for troll fighting and abuse fighting uh the idea is that machines can help us however of course them often the machine sort trying to use the machine to solve a complex issue you want solve a problem that this is 1 my favourite excuse cities is very recent that something is just adding uh an artificial intelligence and she learning algorithm is not going to solve the problem often actually the algorithms uh uh how are we going to reflect the biases of the people that created in the of the people that operate them and the people that live there from whom their learning
so that may not be a solution about maybe a combination of all the 4 a solutions can help I think that in there will always be perhaps we can start chipping away and and we're creating stream now I want to keep the dream alive they 1st way in which you have to recognize this is to say that the Internet is a force for good to recognize that for all the problems of all the false that that that that we have identified the Internet can bring us together can help us communicate and all the things I described as a dream that we used to have and we have to recognize
1st that the Internet reflect society and the individuals in that society so if we are abusive you worry if we if we are as a collective of society the X that you know showing discrimination and doing all sorts of things this is not because the Internet is going to not going to solve it through inter that's actually just going to reflect this so we have to recognize this 1st do not feed the trolls don't manage expectations the Internet is not going to sell it to help all the problems that we have the internet is not going to and over the up to block
chains are not going to and for 2 years a the technology is not going to help to to help us at technology might helpless alleviate some problems but the promise are there so please what 1 of the things that we have to do is recognize the limits of technology whereas the limits of the Internet and not expect that they're going to say that to to help us and most importantly please the Internet is not Silicon Valley we have to stop thinking that all the solutions are going to do that up that work in San Francisco are going to work everywhere else so I wanted to finish with 2 1st to keep the dream alive I love the topic of this uh of this component that I think this is a step in the right direction make things like love uh against hate uh a Berryessa ageratum resume remember say that use LOF against the hated as a machine and mixability great again things like that love
there's a whole means the tutor account that I highly recommend for people to uh to look at this thinks nights you know sometimes yeah you have to fight book something is in all just keep consuming a wholesome meanings and be quarters to each other online and something stays the nice things to someone on Twitter and it doesn't hurt and also the 2nd thing the I want to make snowflakes great again and for too long how we've been following
4 of the and In so that's you calling someone a snowflake is is an insult uh particularly all tried to and and and some right wing great groups there have been using this to to to tarnish people and actually think that
snowflakes have a lot going for them a lot of snowflakes together can can bring things to stand still remember when we brought down on uh something called so people that together with the Internet there it is we can have a lot of power and most importantly re this lots of snowflakes can create and thank you very much and
it would be I don't that if we were sort of well over uh had a little bit of time for a 4 questions but I would be extremely surprised there's a question the other any question is you know that's it that's it was because I OK after seeing that legislative everyone I realize you shouldn't say that in general so that was the question because they're completely this means that you we should grab it up and you think you thank you all lost their
I don't know if this is the best way
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Whatever happened to our dream of an empowering Internet (and how to get it back)
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Anzahl der Teile 234
Autor Guadamuz, Andres
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33093
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Early techno-utopianism envisioned an Internet filled with opportunity, where the network would empower people to become better citizens. With a world of information at our fingertips we would be able to transform lives, become more informed, better connected, more engaged in democratic processes. The reality has been unkind to this dream, with fake news, trolls, online bullying and abuse rampant, our dream of a positive Internet has taken a few hits. This talk will try to put forward several ideas of how to recapture the dream of an empowering and positive Internet.

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