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Lobbying for Good

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time and time and time and time and he sees
the world it the word but but the point that I talked to Hey to the I want
my name is Alberto it's a pleasure to be here we're going to spend the next 30 minutes together I
will represent some ideas and then hopefully we're going of a sort of conversation something that has been keeping me awake at nite he's these questions how can we as citizens have a greater impact on on society in particular how we steel at culture a culture of impact in our society uh and spend some time on the problem what I do consider it being a problem before looking
at the solutions meaning what kind of ideas I've been developing over time you know order to provide our announcer that that the problem and finally the spend a few minutes on the how to guide it was a really anticipate by gender let's start from the
problem the best way to represent to the problem is to tell your story the story of Jimmy larger mean she's a very successful professional uh we had a dream when she was a child
she really wanted to become a teacher but now she spends most of her most of time
behind a computer screen like most of us there we ever get art there just
retired from government where he has been working as an engineer and now you really
struggle to fuse out these days it and then we had then Benny's
on a law student you wanted to
become our graph about his family decided it you should become a lawyer is not very happy and he spends a lot of
afternoon with his friends at the moment while history people have in common and in
your you well what they have in common is that these 3 individuals have much more to give to society that what society seems to be able to receive into led them actually play and I really wonder how many of you feel the same how
many of you feel that you actually have much
more to give to society it what society allows you to well I see that I'm in good company because they also do feel the same my
job is a teacher I'm a law professor spend all the time in the classroom in only 1 students out of 10 we remember what I say that's what retention rates learning pyramid suggest in what about my scientific findings my books they're ready average by 10 people this what scientific articles score is but I wonder how many of you do better in terms of societal impact of course you for a doctor you probably do you take care of people you save the life but for the other jobs is a bit more difficult to measure the success rate it think that we can do better as a society to leverage on our abilities and expertise in order to improve the overall that society in which we live in every morning we wake have we take a shower where we go to toward we meet there were friends with your life
in these kind of routine is certainly
screaming loud for more more more we
have much more to give to society than just what our job
description seems to suggest that even they part that being this
society that's how they hire um expectancy when you look at life expectancy when we look at all they uh life indicators he's more educated safer it doesn't seem capable
of really taking full advantage of those uh abilities we are at least oracle moment in which a
witness the largest acceleration of people citizens getting into education but is same
time we see that the job descriptions are becoming now in our legal costs for the specialization in we don't build
bridges between our professional life in our personal life through
somebody might say once to know why we show up we organize our
AppleTalk manifestation a gathering we
might sign up for for repetition
of we might leave that to charity uh but all these forms of participation that many people call clique hacktivism they basically give us a sense of fulfillment they're very beautiful signaling make us feel better is that
the our friends but they do not really leverage on our full expertise and BDT there and what all we have to be in provocatively I ask you whether you ever wonder what happened after you sign up for a petition because mostly people sign of
repetition they said well that that's what I was supposed to do our nobody from that tradition is asking you to do anything more besides signing up and graphs giving a few a few euros in a word we can say that online petition
platforms have become at least a big 1 serving of the smaller ones and try not to fall victim of this error to commodify physical modifying way of gathering data are in turning if you look at change the core into about the broker that's let's face it the this might be game over
uh these forms of participation should be the beginning of our civic engagement but very often are both the beginning and the end yeah the so what can we do we are spectators we're not necessarily actors of
our life we are largely consumers a broader being citizens if you think about our daily experience
of citizens of life this might
lead to a system failure not only at the individual level but also at the collective level our
ability to take collective action is threatened by our inability to channel our passion our expertise our talents the where those goals you could actually make us a better society
so how can we fix that as you might know according to a very well rear scripts scripts weekend vote or we can run for office these are the 2
major options that are offered to us at least historically it as you know voting is something we should do we should go even more we know that turnout has been going down at the global level and it keeps going down uh as as a trend but at the same time very very few people decides to to run for office in
many political parties to struggle to actually attract people weave the competency expertise integrity to run for office in any event only few people can run for office but the entry barriers remain pretty high so if there are no other options for giving a contribution today my provocative take is to say
that between uh voting which is
probably too little as a contribution in and running for office which might be overwhelming for most of us there is an opportunity in between and
that opportunity in between east to play a role between voting meaning between elections and the elected representatives and that's what we call lobbying loving is a very dirty words most of you might recall that that word it carries a very negative connotation that
hopefully my talk we change a little bit your perception of lobbying because is based on constitutional and political theory in which try to wabbits further in our understanding of lobbying I was simply reframe the debate on lobbying you know where you can understand where what I
mean by a 3rd option for civic engagement lobbying when done by big corporations when done by c society organisations yes they also lobby even if they say they do why advocacy but they also lobbing these basically voicing voicing concerns talking to the decision makers in telling them
which interest should be taken into account in the policy process that something that
corporations do very well something that citizens don't really do but why seeds addition not do it during the Wall
Street movement this image pop out and a really challenging because today lobbying is no longer a prerogative of corporations we've a lot of
interest a lot of the resources and capabilities lobbing in something that
everyone can actually know if instead all spending 15 16 hours of social media per week this is the number in average you can do better you can do worse
might decide to actually step back and say why don't I spend the same amount of time engaging into the policy process uh some people spend time
involves a lot of time animals here the average number of hours per week is 9 hours which basically overlap with Saturday in
most of the European countries and the other good news is that we are not really
our friends the show me like and then in most of the people I guess in this room are not the elite so it is possible
for educating citizens and for citizens way out passion and
interest well beyond the mere traditional education to get engaged in 20 the deeply care about few stories high on that somebody knows the name of this guy with his name Mark max GM is a citizen lobbies to somebody who realized very early in his life he was still a law student it was possible to leverage on what he was learning to do
something that society might have appreciated in what he did was to leverage 1st of all on crowdfunding 25 thousand
people supported challenged to Facebook in order to make sure that Facebook was treating the day that it was transferred to the United States in a way that would be incompatible with our own legal framework for data protection that's what might translate it into attorneys only was supported by a Community of Citizen lobbyists
what my students did in 2012 is something
you will benefit from they heard in a classroom there was teaching in European law that international roaming with something that perhaps was creating further obstacles to the free movement of citizens in the dual register the 1st European citizen initiative this is that transnational petition that allow 7 European citizens to gather 1 million signature last the European Commission to what that's what we call agenda setting you tell decision-makers what they should do unfortunate the record of BCI is not very positive we
didn't collect women a signature but they the beauty of this instrument it it allows you to set the agenda meaning to connect to citizens and tell them what they actually can do war should do uh the relation to elected representatives Over the last year we have been
working with a coalition of actors in order to persuade the European Union to protect whistleblowers when know the name of the person the most famous whistle Europe and the moment our Edward Snowden from Europe the and funded or unfunded to work on the very same day in which he was prosecuted by the Luxemburgish tori for
reaching a set of duties that where linking to PwC private weather's will we was working was also nominated the European cities and by the European Parliament upon us how can you be a bullfight hearing the culprit in the very same day well what we have been doing us it is a lobbyist was to put together and to draft a European directive
on whistle-blowing protection nobody wanted to talk about this we got the ball rolling we force all political parties in the European Parliament to take a stance always simple protection 1 of it it was in early
June when European alternatives uh in particular colonial and is a contacted us by saying I wanna make sure that the pyrexic negotiations are going to
be transparent how do we do that we find a lot of requests for documents the European Commission Secretary General in order to get access to the documents that the UK government in Europe were exchanged before the actual referendum they were denied we file a complaint and complaint push the European Ombudsman to open an investigation which in turn led mission by me was the chief negotiator for exit to take the commitment to republish
all the negotiating position that the European you we take before making the UK authorities we had been trying to make breaks it more transparent it what it would have been all what I'm telling you something you can do is something that
many more people can actually do if they capture time of social media and they try to
leverage on their own expertise what you can do you can write to your elected representatives but even before that you may want to ask what are my elected representatives only 20 per cent of citizen all some of their elected representatives and quite frankly I don't blame them because I'm the first 1 doesn't know all my elected representatives why because there's a lot of there's a regional if you live in more than 1 European country you need to know the double of your representatives in 1 way or another and then you have of course the national and international at you get also hold accountable
Europe policymakers your representatives through social media try to try out what you do and what kind of behavior or they are undertaking but I know
summer look somewhere you are looking me with a lot of skepticism and were asking me but shouldn't be the job of political representatives to be as they should either be is alive and you're looking at me like I have a busy life this is the job of representatives we live in a representative
democracy troll but the political atmosphere is changing the political ecosystem is changing certainly more rapidly that look we all want at least from a tradition of political perspective that to accept lobbying is 1st of all a legitimises what I mean by that is that policy-making today is no longer are sort of bottom-up is no longer a top down a fair in the sense that is becoming bottom up there are many more opportunities for us to engage we've our representative think about public consultations think about petitions think about Freedom of
Information Act request there's so many opportunities for us to engage we've represented the what is very interesting here is that lobbying today not all these legitimate but is also important meaning that governments are pushing people like asked to talk to our representatives in to feed into the policy process you order to have all the interests represented in a when they public
interest is identified but the interesting element from an empirical perspective is that most of these avenues of participation in public consultation um petitions administrative complaints
European cities initiative and so forth
are largely underused we don't use that there's a lot of discussion about the democratic deficit of the European Union but also many uh countries uh there was a fantastic article challenging this idea in Malta uh a few days ago but we don't use those instruments those systems are available to us but we just don't use them so just beginning Pico idea there been since 2012 only 55 European citizen initiatives initiative in there are 500 million citizens obviously where before Brecht's it could actually initiate those instruments loving is also mobilizes is something that allow us to well
beyond activism is something that might push the new forms of participation in he's also an equalizer and this is possibly the most important and promising component of robbing the fact that you can counter the undue influence of many actors actors Warwick extremely professional in the way in which they engage we their elected representatives and you can counter that you can push them back by bringing up all the interest that are not necessarily take into why these matters mothers or because we live in 1 of the most unequal society ever a society in which only in a few
years we removed from 388 individuals all need the same well as half of the words to
awarding which 8 individual owns half the word is comes from the autumn report 2016 and 2017 the
prospection moves wrong why because they inequalities according
to the Gini coefficient show even to go even faster than expected so the difference between
those individuals and you always not only to their richer than you and ask but there are also lobbying in the lobby hard and they pay hundreds and hundreds of people to actually lobbying for them there's a further point I I think is the we're looking at lobbying is the fact that loving is also all up and then and then all I would say please also of a pedagogical function if you engage with your elected representatives if you try to
follow whether up propose calls which might be to protect the park forest in your in your in your in your suburb in your area which might be about pushing for LGBT rights which might be about pushing for whistleblowing with please understand better the Poisson process you will understand the tradeoffs and our politicians face every single that become a bit more humbler when interacting with them and this might be an element of of trust a Trust Buda into the process by lobbying is
also a happiness booster would doing mean by that if you look at happiness studies in a lot of very
interesting that his studies you all know that what we make us happy is society's not
only financial resources making money making profits are what make us happy basically our sparrows sold educational background and status in society but what we make us happy
in the long term is our ability to bond with society In to contribute to society a lobbying when down by citizens may attain that objective to
undermine or Marcos Senna theorize this idea which is treating the problem by said that participation can be seen as having an intrinsic value for the quality of life last but not least of all these elements
feed into research suggesting that today lobbying is actually good for democracy meaning that societies which
are inhabited by assertive citizens not allegiance citizens but citizens to actually make not stand up Intel the policy makers their represent is what they think are in the long term significantly more transparent In accountable In this may also be correlated to the level of happiness so we know you know that to be I happier individual but also I appear in society how to guide how
can you become a citizen lobbyists from a realistic perspective we have many many things that we like right we have to stick to our 14 hours of social media every week how can we add a further task to this what had been developing in in this book that just came
out last Monday these a set of steps that each of us can take in order to mobilize a particular issue you care about it might be something that has an impact at the very local level in your in your in your city we can be about your regions can be about your state it can be a transnational issues but what you have to do is pretty much all with the same you have to bigger battle choose a topic sure that team that really makes you makes your heart field but you are deeply passionate about and then do your homework trying to figuring out which are these use was been working on this issue in the past and therefore to map your loving environment meaning wired the actors you might want to work with your allies
of potentially why your enemies were the people who can actually help you rate reached that the deeper objective India but drop a lobbying plan give a billiard collision and perhaps you might need some funding so how can you get the funding that you're going to communicate about what you do because your best Ali's would be journalist people wanna talk about what you're doing by amplifying the impact you might want to have and then finally 1st successful given a B I allowed
to meet your decision making meaning meaning that people the person the individual we decide for you we decide whether that degree issue you care about is actually worth part of his time
in these very political turbulent days we have a lot of politicians were extremely entrepreneurial in the way in which they look for ideas and many politicians need you as much as you need them you know the 12 your message pass across the UK monitoring and implementation uh and then you need to stick to the rules for the rules that govern the relationship with the policy makers so here I've been developing a lot of it's based on my stories based on what experienced myself but also by collecting a bunch of stories coming from all of the words stories of individuals who actually made a different for their communities uh in Asia uh in Europe in Latin America in emerging economies in very wealthy economies all across the work what's the toolbox the toolbox is what each of us should learn about every mention a few tools but the overall idea into tools is that is not the interest of the of the many which are overrepresented today that is the interest of the uh 1 of the few meaning basically
all of us they tend to be uh underrepresented so which articles there we have an issue we wanna pick we wanna ban fracking or we wanna reduced so as smoking but because we don't like outdoors mocking which is threatening for most of us who do not do not smoke what do you do well you start your action you try to figuring out which kind of policy options allow you to do that and then you pick your way you can go judicial you go to court you go to bully properly tuition you goal throughout campaign system and depending on the box you choose you might meet your political representative you my 5 request of access to document you might introduce a petition so you have an
entire box of instruments are available to you and again the good news is that most of the tools are under mostly people don't use then why not because they don't
wanna use them but because most of them they don't know that you're not necessarily familiar with those 2 if you are you need to be very committed to using them and try to make the most out of 10 so the question for you
is are you ready menu you feel that you might wanna give it a try do I wanna give it a try yes yes yes I see some people are intrigued about the idea well if you're going to do it the good
thing is that the process my matters more than the outer mean you're going to benefit from the all idea of acting rather than being passive being an actor right and being a spectator of being a citizen rather than a consumer in think again the process
matters more than the outcome of the process is that the more important it what you we finally achieved I gonna leave you with this called which has been my driving force over the last 2 years with writing this book and the quote is from a very famous uh US said psychologist anthropologist Margaret Mead who said that you never believe that a few caring people can change the word for indeed that's all we ever have think you 1 of
the crime that I'm going to
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Lobbying for Good
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Autor Alemanno, Alberto
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33091
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract A guide on why and how citizens should become ‘citizen lobbyists’ to help revive our fragile civic life and restore their own citizen role in society. Virtually all contemporary democracy theories suggest that only a revitalized citizenry may fix the democratic impasse, but nobody provides a solution to actually do that. What if citizen lobbying could provide that solution while revitalizing democracy? This presentation provides an accessible theoretical framework of a new form of active citizenship by providing inspirational illustrations and a how-to guide to new, unconventional forms of citizen engagement.

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