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Advanced Social Media Verification

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and if you think the he was
like the you have to be the to the under thank you thanks for the
introduction an I'm actually the lands that you made it to the last workshop and I was about to tweet earlier to bring your beer or wine or whatsoever so if some of you have followed that advice and enjoyment and so thanks for coming i'm gonna talk and
maybe for like 8 minutes on that uh then I'm going to hand over to clear and from 1st draft and to actually do the deep dive into the fact checking and verification of techniques and I'm this uncertainty uh the granules for the German-speaking regions so Germany Switzerland and Austria and and I want to introduce a new slant just really quickly because it also ties into and what we will hear
later on the so the news demonstrated in 2 years ago
on and we have permission to empower and drive innovation in journalism and went to work as journalists developers and entrepreneurs to figure out how to use technology enhanced to experiment with the technology we focus on 4 main arm areas
it's just verification and you heard over the past 3 days you had a lot about and misinformation disinformation and system and had about trust you heard about functions and so that's 1 focus area that we
really are committed to the 2nd 1 is data-journalism with global trends we have a powerful tool for data Jenna's but also for every other and person journalists are not journalist and the use of the trends and data to analyze what people are searching for then 3rd and most storytelling and everything that is related to 360 and the and hard to tell stories with this different of form of storytelling and then introduces telling meaning and we work with some organizations NGO as an order to halt empowering new
voices and make sure the new perspectives and get a state and get our awareness so we started 2 years ago and with the idea of creating 1 axis point time for journalists to learn about the tools and the services that I have every 1 of you has already on the
phone and or is keen to learn more about and bandidos CEOs news is this 1st and foremost access point
and to inform yourself about some of the tools and that might be useful and for your daily daily work on a daily and news information on and of consumption so talking about advanced search talking about and which ones ingress and some of the tools and actually
being used by journalists but maybe also fact-checkers and clear will and probably points and point out some of them as well we launched on 2 years ago we launched a training center and because we got the feedback
from journalists said I'm there are all these tools out there and that there is no way to get informed and very easily and very simple and in a very simple way so we have now over 50 on online tutorials and ranging from really basic tutorials to really advanced tutorials on the various tools and services so didn't CEOs slashing Islam is on the the 1st axis point and I already mentioned global trends and not
only in the army and the and the related to storytelling but also related to the fact checking and verification provisions the 12 of
those who I haven't heard about it or have and it in the past and the trends looks at on this data samples of aggregated
anonymized and minimize our search data so as a journalist or as a normal user u was returns can understand what are people really interested at the moment in Germany in Berlin at a specific point a specific point in time and and that can help you to 1st do your
research and figure out what other topics that are at the moment most relevant but also in some cases use of returns as a detection tool and to to figure out if there is misinformation where there are topics and the people search for because this information is being
spread all word for example social networks the sometimes shows some examples and then the handover to clear so on the 1 hand if you go to
Google and outcomes less chance you can do for example comparisons off politicians so how of people searching for word for certain politicians and either in the
past 7 days or in the past hour and then of course gives you a hint of what people are really I'm really interested in and of course we have a big arms state
election coming up on sunday so I'm together with the in this example vanish past and we looked at the search inches in the running candidates
and and we wanted to know what are the topics related to these candidates that people are mostly searching for so interesting snapshot
of the poles of what people are are really are caring about another
example of looking at and the related searches so when we analyze returns data we look at the 2 to 5 search sessions that you as a user do and we can detect what other related
searches or search topics and in the context of a politician were of a specific arm topic or event so we did that for some of the candidates and sometimes
it's random sometimes it's funny what people were people are searching for in the context of our politicians and can be very personal and or it can be very
political we also did something in and France we looked and and the topics the most search topics related to on the top candidates and in France not only point of upon but also the other
Canada's it was striking how these are topics and the search engines for these topics changed over time
and you can also see that on google . com slash trends it's a public tool and everyone can use that and and play around with it so
good trans can also be an useful for detecting this information this is an example from my colleague in Poland who on simply typed in Poland in the search for a and on top of the group page and
and what's were striking for event in the related search part and in the related search box below there were on words popping up there were related to apparently I uh an upcoming Iphigenia word a fluke that I was apparently
very severe so she looked on the bigger online news sites she couldn't find any headline or any story about that and then think about that and she should take these
terms that were part of popping up in their related such faults and compare those terms and she found out that on
Facebook in the closed phase 4 groups there was and there were several news articles about that if union and spreading across Poland apparently and they'd 1
by so good friends and especially the related search terms can be very helpful on detection of or detection tool for a from this information and
again it's a public tools so whatever you type and you will see the related UN searches and the related topics that might give you a hint of what people are searching for and of course
we remember that last Saturday and when everyone was talking about the mark on Vieques and there was also something that was on popping up and should
increase search interest on the Richmond site so that was just a really quick introduction to the real news lab and G . se of sessions of this the website and we work very closely with some fact-checking organizations like 1st draft since the beginning since 2015 and and we want to give access to the tools that can be helpful in can be very easily used by journalists and by everyone else and with that and and hand over to share and switch the presentations if of the great thank you very much ESA but there are some seats at the front for people you want to come forward and it seemed a shame that you all standing there at the same time as for having me as it's great speed is my best Republica
Edenic you will be my last and that she based in New York although as I this morning I slept in mind your bed 15 nite since the 1st of January a lot people want to talk about misinformation at but it's a good thing when the nonprofit you run co aligns with the thing everyone talk about you just keep getting on planes so if you about 1st of news will
fight founded 2 years ago purely to just
build a web site where we built resources to help journalists and consumers who wanted to have more information about how to verify the material they were finding online we built this website with this very Nietzsche non-profits and if you haven't seen this site under the
resources to have we have a number of different short videos interactive tests at case studies handbooks and other top
resources have been translated into French German Arabic and Spanish so that for the resources that are most popular lately we have actually got them in German and I apologize for not speaking German the joke I made earlier is still true I'm still British from British people we can't speak any other languages and it's very embarrassing so Papua here is a journalist great so that this is actually from the
Westminster Bridge attack recently when a BBC correspondent confirmed from multiple sources that a name that was circulating amongst journalists was the incorrect name of the person
he was actually in prison that could be fact-checked pretty quickly and I love this return this 3rd tweaked to act BBC Domesday did media outlets desperate to break news we the public never actually member all care who told us best as saw that we should be going up in every newsroom around the world as a we
keep making mistakes because we're rushing I understand why we're more competitive than ever but we're at time when we cannot make mistakes we cannot make mistakes because Donald Trump all callers are them out so we can't now and I don't have any of you
seen this New York Times video about verifying the Syrian capital chemical weapons attack the yes I think I will I just by bits so that because this for me encapsulates everything I want to talk about here which is verification is a process people think this this machine they can push videos all images in any will come out with a big green take or Big Red Cross the truth is mostly we can't be 100 % certain which is why as newsrooms we say the full board cost
this cannot be independently verified we say this because the lawyers tell us to say it's is actually creating real problems with the audience you say why they're running suffer they have verified it that's because would not be as truthful as we should be with the audience to say we know 110 Compton about the source and the location would not understand certain in that it was actually capture today that here's the video of that content if we make that decision so instead we pretend verifications is obvious thing
but this is what done by a friend and colleague of mine Maliki brown on the recent chemical weapons attack it brings together a lot of the issues of inner talk about Hey at
the level of
the the this year in the US grew in Syria for a chemical weapons attack on the tone of culture could well be the cilia Greenberg Russia pushing vacuum not clear whether good OK very funny video well here so let's take a
look at video satellite photos and open source material that day and they show that a sad
emotion telling story that contradicts the facts you do in the so what is the name of the
city and that in the it was but in the wrong thing is that it would be a sudden rush appear to be distorting the facts with this time timeframe you're really good at it at
the bottom of this thing is covered because evidence shows the attack happened hours earlier area so what about right here on a model that there was a lot but you know this footage doesn't show the chemical strike itself but we believe that don't show conventional strikes that occurred during the same bombing run and so what's critical here is the timing and we know it's she whom because the position of minarets and other points in the video much satellite imagery of the term and this tells us the camera was in a northerly position looking south and in the summer the minarets shows the attacks happened in the early morning dew on the
US military track Syrian aircraft to catch Kume around this time to move on to some of the money from the video back to the so called hazardous it a 2nd
activities such as much of the attack and the digestion left also geological feature
necessities so that the money aside from the system so the Government of the
the allowed us a lot and I will suggest it another set of studies of the ways that people this timing matters facebook posts by the government and other local sources reporting the
air strikes some of the doctors in the area use what's up to coordinate services and soon after the bombing they started to report casualties who been exposed to a chemical agent and research calling for help with a growing number of victims of the time we spoke with 1 doctor who received patients at a hospital 60 kilometers away
you refer to it as the date that the distance between the quality and and like that is about a 45 minute drive and that kind and so the evidence shows the chemical attack happened well before a southern Russian play and lower than it did in this the case you you
can actually search this and watch the whole thing but the other reason I think this video is so useful is it shows the combination of forensic techniques with on the ground connections and communities that have been built so the
use of what's out there is critical to verification increasingly in different parts the world the best eyewitness footage the best source these are actually circulating information or what's up or in Asia a number of different nesting out further it's line cacao talk by I think is jealous we've kind of got reliant predicting the US on Twitter because is open and easy to search most of this stuff also appears on Facebook that video of Hillary Clinton fainting on 9 11 sat on Facebook for 3 hours and sell this guy but wise may be interested any tweeted immediately journalists want it all Jonas 1 at the same time because they will have
access to data miner but actually if we really interested in these types of topics the research that we need to do involves getting into these communities traditional journalism involves at making contacts in Yemen almost everything speculates on somewhat up and then somebody will finally uploaded to YouTube or Twitter but from a verification perspective that means that the source is almost
always wrong because the person who uploaded it was the person who created it so I'm going to go through the different and elements but just very
quickly what news events is this image from public with some of you've got beers yeah
the and kind of which 1 no
2011 the the my accent the
the London Riots seems like forever ago that and the reason for this up here is because with verification almost entirely they look too good to be true it is but this actually it is an image that was taken from that moment wasn't the clues from that photo that can help us it
the the we
find science yes so almost entirely when you're looking at videos all images you are going
to have signed with the shop signs with the telephone numbers of asylum cop cars doesn't matter you will have signage and any british in the room or no that's not the British looking road
sign which is white through lost people off but actually it's from Croydon in south London that hasn't tram system and this so this tram lines but it does look like an American sign and here you got good ideas that
London is things so always when the reason I love verification I love teaching here I love working with students when it because you essentially have become Sherlock Holmes and the thing is with anything that you looking at whether it's a video what's the dialects not just they're speaking Arabic what type of
dialect you hearing what clothing to people wearing how many by lecturing the policeman's boots because if they're given out there will be a certain number of violence in the prisons boot so whatever verification what you doing yes there tools I'll show you now to learn and really it's about this and I can train 25 journalists and everyone has in the back is just this weird I was like boom boom book by just gets all like so
there is a thing that something about these brains which make them able to get these connections we can all do it but there are certain people with certain brains so verification of process we talk about stock about a checklist which for any video or image you find
you really need to be working through the provenance are you looking at the original piece of content who captured the content not you uploaded it you capture that when was the content captured not when with unplated when was a captured location can independently verify where it was captured on using satellite imagery or street view and find motivation
why was the constant captured as journalists we often think of this material as neutral I did some research in 2014 we were using as a we collectively a loss of ice
this material in 2014 is at the time that black flag just look like a Syrian activist group we were just using you to footage because we could actually I was use whether you in a and train you NHL staff members to use these you any geometry L unbiased we would create particular videos about refugees so the motivation is
really important I hate the term citizen journalist it's very rarely that you just have an accidental eyewitness sometimes they actually protesters sometimes they actually work for the NGO and but the motivation is critical we often forget it
so provenance out this problem in this world is scraping which is downloading the ones that fall and we have going to another also as I just took that we again and that's what you issues that all what you're looking at is not the original piece of content I think you'll notice that if you did very quickly it originally
I don't know if you have a a a sort a of a a a a a background
what this quantity and this is 1 of the 1st thing
if I could just get all journalists at that unlike background extension would be in a lot less of a problem at all with so that that's so there are different from extensions that you can just the add-on is now standard grown future blue that you just write the guinea image and of the causative them number that was not an easy thing I think that the man my would be 1st considered 0 even more get back and also I think like this 1 because it and searches multiple engines so
and if you're doing anything controversial Turkey Yandex is assessed a search engine that you should use and also I like to check both Google and 10 I did you can get different results on both of them so what's that is exciting I also recommend doing it a deeper dive
or people with their phones out and I think that if
at all all of this is on the fence drop news website and so for example the DAG explosion in China the amount of this great keeps going on that was just all I watering the fact this guy this is just me set the day and but just putting in in sites on on youtube . com there are just hundreds and hundreds of scrapes
about incredible footage and that is used like I do not only this video the copyright
belongs to whoever shot and uploaded this figure away by at lecture videos near the thing is available what he's also he still monetizing it the reason that's great thing is such a problem is the you traditionally don't want you
to but people during breaking news events will download the footage uploaded to their accounts and takes the boxes as I want to monetize this the update your boys in Portugal monetizing breaking news footage so that's why we have these great because of kind of financial incentive to do that and he is just an example for the other day
from South Africa and this the quality of the video is very low now the quality of violence is so high if you see anything that's starting to look like it's been degraded that it would be a
call pianists right but you can also actually look for and the unique identifier on you tube all Instagram and and Facebook within the URL you'll see this number like
letters and numbers and they are and specific to that piece of content you can then basically search online
and see where that piece of content has moved so here is an example from Brussels
and the and it and it comes up and shows you where it's where it's at gone around and the other thing like a friend 2nd and so this is the example video vaults is a very but useful
tool also think about archiving so often in breaking news events this stuff comes down pretty quickly so you need to think through archiving and preservation in your newsrooms we really really bad that's an effect I
remember John when those 2 journalists were killed in the US in August 2015 and the guy shot them live on and I knew number of jealousy said I kept watching only because I knew if I close down my browser it would disappear and we didn't have a way of archiving that footage online so Newton should be much better to think about this but it's
brave new tech to all it allows you to put in EU cheaper and it will send it to
you you can do it securely by P-gp but also allows you to get screengrab so there is a robust video search like a reverse image search what you can do is take a screen grab from the video and
then run a reverse image search against that so you can use this to basically find parts of the video that you think are particularly distinctive and Google Image reverse such what's really well in that context it's pretty uh astonishing and I just talked about
Instagram similarly Instagram here in the middle of the URL you have a unique
identifier which again you can put into google and see whether the whether Instagram photo has moved and become embedded so this attempt to try and find the 1st version of a video image is the thing
that you really want to do when you're thinking about provenance same way can do that now i'm just gonna talk with can open this up the mountain is that whether I said no and it will
never mind he did ask me a case of justice say this publicly don't we this so the best verification tool has been built by a
private detective in the US and if you go to his website that you do inference that Intel's technique Stockholm it's a terrible looking website with a man with no head but it is the best space for doing verification and underneath his whole section you got all of these different
verification type tools that you can use and 1 of them is reverse video search tools which works as I just said it's
not a specific reverse video such that allows you to put in life videos in some videos RIP behind Facebook Vimeo you choose by putting in the unique
identifier and then running and checks against that so come back to this to a few times because its ability to do e-mail address such username searches Facebook
searches it will blow your mind slashed terrify you slash if you into stalking x partners make very excited I but we're in Germany and you are really
good at not giving away private information the Americans terrible which makes verification much easier it's harder to verify in Germany because you understand privacy and lastly and is it true that is true . com was built by Photoshopped guys it's free it's
not perfect but it's a start it allows you to upload a photo remember it has to be the
original photo because the social networks strip out all metadata so if you find anything on Facebook or Twitter or Instagram is pretty useless doing
any original verification because they've worked out the metadata if you are working with a source please ask them to send it
to you here is they would work in the project in the US who documenting hate so here is my great country to be showing this picture and but this
is now appearing in large numbers across
the US by actually submitting and adding it adding in the uploading the
photo it was a here are forensic tests suggested spot has mean we saved since initial capture because this despite is not a camera original it is possible that it was modified that was simply somebody e-mailing me me downloading it and then we uploading it is a true story looks at compression file size it looks at basic has there been some photoshop tampering and so again these of free tools so anybody can access them but a secondly source you captured
content as just discussed custom person search tools are very useful if somebody's not German you can
you can do populate will and it was that all of these different such tools in 1 in 1 shot which is very good and you can also do
custom e-mail search tools remember when you're looking at somebody you really want the username preferably their e-mail address because you want something that you need to them at John Smith waving Claire Wardle and angles of beauty queen in Seattle but look at this I am a big fan of using the PayPal
API this is like actually New York
address this is the address I used to live in Philadelphia it has so much information about me and I'm very careful about what Apple online so I would also recommend that you also set yourself and look at
what's available online about you up because the the thin line here is if a 20 verification you hope that everybody put all their information out there for you yourself you what may snow anything about the and domain a very basic but useful tool it looks at somebody's Twitter activity so we now in an age of
pops this is Joe Galvin from story follow thus proving the joe sleeps because it tells you when that person tweets so again as a source if you're trying to very quickly get a sense of somebody as bots become a lot
more sophisticated they now inhabit actual accounts and it can be harder uh to look at also cite notes when we looked at the look on leaks stuff at the level of automation is unbelievable and white Twitter can't just with they did get robots that have no use left but is shocking of people tweeting so often there's no way they could be anything other than the boat and makes me angry
OK finally on Facebook as we know incredible resources very difficult to get into into searches with and there's an element of this on the Intel techniques I
told you about but if you go here you you put this username in from their Facebook page and everybody's got a unique Facebook ID you can then populate that and it will tell you what voters that
person's tag is tied in what they've commented on is a whole host of other things that you can do and that if you're trying to look into somebody is a source are they
trustworthy unfaithful can be a place that people just not careful about and you can find all sorts of information about that I can see your looking very uncomfortable and but this is journalism an and finally with which
now people understand domain registration because of the Macedonian teenagers and but 1 top it when you're looking at somebody's websites often people will spend the extra 20 dollars to cover up their
identity Soaplab although column you can't find any information about me because I paid an
extra 20 dollars he is a slightly embarrassing example so we're 1st draft news .
com we always label 1st draft don't news we didn't bother covering up our privacy because that website doesn't actually exist but here is my sister's
name on moms bed-and-breakfast in West Wales I telephone number and e-mail address so a really good way if we're
trying to find this information somebody's is try another domain connected with another unit . com docutils and not this In he's 1 of the famous impostor sites ABC
News dot com . 3 0 and this is it this is actually increased by the satirist Paul Horn of the course cause self on Paul of from Phoenix accepted spectra but just
quickly the only domain registration that counts is this who is done
by hand or AUC and but actually if you search for ABC News dot com Doc CEO it doesn't come up on I
can't it only comes up 1 of these dodgy who is sites thus proving that you have to also look at some the the dodgy who is sites if you're looking at RT fake news sites OK
finally I the looking at this kind of a domain registration information can be
helpful this was from story the investigation of Dylan Dylan route you in South Carolina went and and shocked many people in a church and by going to his website they could see that it was actually updated shortly I'm
the last last days at 4 44 PM and the home pages that they be short enough with that 512 just hours before the Charleston shooting took place so even whatever you're doing having access to those kind of website forensic
tools gives you a sense of a a whole host of other information and if you haven't used clones zone the close and is a site that allows you to change website if you want for
websites go to clone so after this and you can go in and change the headline in the images do a screenshot is very simple but it's very powerful and somebody used it to create a
fake New York Times now the new times got a cease and desist order on it and but and if you go into the developer source code for something like this you can actually a lot of clues about a whole host of things this became useful in American over the
weekend and that actually in the source code it came up and you could see so it's
next slide the claims iron in the source develop code so all even the viewer sitting here thinking I'm not I'm sending
non-techy that is the number ways you just have to you know understand these basic tools the during
some forensic analysis when you're looking at this sort of a material so finally date when was a contin captured you saw on melodies video in looking at Facebook states the problem
is that the social networks think about date stamps differently so the 2 sets stamp on your Twitter account is connected to your Twitter settings defined here and not in New York my Twitter settings are actually New York Facebook is connected
to my computer which last nite change the valley in time for my wall clock that's what phase with users you cheap on Instagram both use specific standard time so in the chemical weapons attacks in August 2013 actually
do I am in Syria was the day before in Silicon Valley and PCA actually came out and said this stuff is false because the date is wrong putin understanding the way sums work on you cheap so it's a pain that there's not consistency across the
platforms that is important to bear in mind how date stamps work this is the train the plane spot so he took the photo of MH 17 was a 15 year old to every day goes to scopal
apple and takes photos of planes so when an 870 went down he went back to his camera Miller's he had a picture of the plane at the site notes he knowing that newsrooms credit users added discredit himself with the
ugliest form imaginable and the BBC actually use this but they Photoshopped out his credit and then put inhibits spell his
name on thus creating tall and all of his friends to get very angry the BBC anyway so this picture was used by many of the people and at the time stamp would suggest yes that's the time that I make 17 was taking
off there's a tool called Wolfram Alpha which is the knowledge engine which can be used for many reasons but it actually very helpful to say what what was the weather like in a particular cation so if I say what was the weather like in Amsterdam on Thursday July 17th 2014 is is a classic northern
European day rainfall over overcast
cloudy particle out if you have clear that doesn't actually give us much help but at the top it says cloud cover which is quite useful because we know there's no consonant picture when it took off at 11 that's the 1 that's when we seem to have the lowest level cloud cover so again none of these things are ever absolutes but they are clues that you are adding
to investigation board to say I'm starting fail at a bit more confident also at that
so what percentage of content is actually geolocated on social networks it tiny about 2 % the best is Instagram because most people are too stupid to turn off locations note to southeastern of your location you never let never never need to have your location as I'll show you a 2nd on any of your photos but I you achieve a small amount of
geolocated YouTube videos on geo search tool . com that the way just cross-referencing whether in a particular occasion 1 particular date so actually use that tool for weather analysis
the the Exif data hopefully many of you know is the metadata in a photo it's ripped up all social networks apart from flicker
unfortunately uses flickr anymore but that he's an example for the Boston marathon where actually
tells you the date it was taken on and also the data was posted to figure that difference between when it was created versus when it was uploaded and but again if you can ever talked to a source and ask them
to send you information the actual photograph you can do this analysis but using a tool such as Jeffries X if you're so if any of you here are developers please can you build a a proper set a verification tools that are not just waitin by people who Jeffrey I've been teaching this stuff since 2009 and the tools have not changed and it's depressing but in terms of location finally this is prepared
to carbon this is geo-tagged to Yemen
it used to be the on Twitter it was actually connected to the GPS of your phone that is no longer the case Twitter tells you where you are you can override on Twitter Facebook and Instagram it is pointless almost location it's at a notch to something but it's not actually
true and effective he geolocation such tools would further suppers Yemen what is this factor here pub quiz number 2 news
nets note is it a lot yes but to pass from right to health and so so the question
here is that these clever geolocation tools would throw this out this tweet was sent from Yemen but this photo wasn't so is a constant reminder of the you know when we have to think about what's geolocated this is my friend Remi New York in Yemen but just to remind you it really is very easy to say that you anywhere in the world at any given time this I'm sure you know the example this still my favorite who is this person here John could horrific
security but on your computer he's on the run Vice says we found you can become into short just don't tell anybody where I am not problem they going interview
him this guy takes a photo with his using Jeffries and then publish the advice that Jeffries X if you of money
through very clearly that was taken Apple
iPhone 4 S makes sense it was a mobile phone it was a few years ago latitude longitude so specifically exact that we know that not only the in Guatemala but we
know that he's right next about swimming pool i which is why I have a please turn your location offers journalists be always find an original photo because you can do an
awful lot with the Exif data and it can be amazing and how the time but a lasting than was stop this was a photo that
emerged from my dominating last year during refugee crisis there and you don't have laptops in front of you but you could
do this quite surely tell me all the clues in that photo that we could use for verification purposes yes well
country that form doesn't make sense you
the yes so Greece Macedonia oneself the when train the yes train markings in 1 we have to see that she had a number of the train of 1 you can google and when Google
that number and get a specific movements of that train wells whether that excellent clouding northern European what should should be Macedonia Close yes is this
regiment is he actually from Macedonia from Greece this well posed as well but what I suspect they might be somewhat of a given out that but I'm not sure about that yes absolutely lots of these with the policeman but the other and were not quite there yet mean Silicon Valley
is but yeah they're searching um you been watching easier site and you might be a lot looking be very far away from that as was terrifying also when it is like stream so if we had a beer with principle what tells us that they can't match the refugees cell-free in Germany across the platform yet they can recognize like my
children that's my worry anyway whilst yes what the train tracks yes and the reason this is so great is because you can see 2 of the
tracks coming together so that's a natural like a great clue where is well yes but is always there and satellite imagery I'll show you
wealth usually as about and and it the the actually so the Paul's here the the fact that they're not quite and basically aligned and all
also think think things that you don't think you gonna move out your friends so there's a whole host of clues here that are actually from
just Instagram right so there's a massive amount of clues that you can get a formats using Google last thing going over the top of my domine is quite clear where the train tracks are where the train tracks converge or the clues you just come up with which allows you very quickly to actually come up with this slide the street view was taken from September 2011 b you can actually see exactly the
same that the tensile manner but the upright for their everything else is there and that when you are able to do that there's a real sense of achievement and if any of you've looked at betting cats work they are actually experts in this level of kind of geolocation in fact when
that MH 17 book missile launcher went through Ukraine in Russia lots of people have dashed comes on their cause because they're worried about insurance if somebody hits them that men they had lots and lots of you cheap footage that they use volunteers to go through they were able to geolocate the book missile launcher in about 12 different places as it traveled through the countryside it's unbelievable so this is the satellite imagery on Google Earth the little
clock at the top and you can scroll back to look at archive footage so this is I
the no tense tense no tents
tents the attention and on demand so sometimes an amnesty we use this kind of satellite gene you can buy satellite imagery of much more recent and for teaching you can look at
woke at graves and amnesties done some pretty incredible work going back over time so just another maps Wiki mapping is very
useful at their layers specifically around military or health or schools so again if doing what some like Syria can make a big difference but if you doing anything in Korea its naval nature Knaveries is much more popular than Google in Korea and so you have to use Naver maps and if you do anything in Russia or Turkey use Yandex the course if you doing in China but they do so knowing these different tools in different countries but it's very useful now if you love it's not I really wonder haunts line and practice that we actually have a textual verification skills without geo-location challenge
interactive or yes yes as busy as games and there's also an observation text which
Jonas get very competitive over you can then share your school online and so motivation why was a contin captured you know
this whether some that she was the UNH are all there an off-duty journalist please remember these different and checks
and we have a photo and video checklists that go through those 5 different questions and
then actually helps you from a color-coded way say how confident are mine for these 5 tests so particularly working nutrients you might be really good at this you'll
editor probably isn't give this you and say please ask me how confident I am when I give you a piece of content as it were actually not wanting material before we're confident and before full Google Chrome extensions with sexy I actually turned into a Chrome extension cord news check so if you're in a newsroom orogenesis
school anyone he was practice it basically takes those checks and you can just put on your prime by and remind you to walk through and all those different checks and but thank you very much and answer any questions that you might have because I'm aware that was the whistle-stop tool
and that
will be the if the start the thanks
for the good old and I wonder if there's also tool where you can check when a web page is set up when it sets up yes so when you do that domain registration
check actually tells you when the domain was 1st registered also if you try to get some this domain it tells you when it will be registered until unintelligible after it was modified which is what I was showing you about Dillon Read but with the Macedonian teenagers you can see prime on this website was created 2 weeks ago that's probably not establish new friend so it's a really useful tool thank you ask a question do you get it
as requested by governmental services so work maybe not able to do this kind of thing on their own if they setting up reports for you or something and not yet I mean in our part and at what we have people from
Amnesty and witness the dual of human rights where we have been asked by governments and more work by insurance companies because this kind of stop is actually tell me this person who's claiming
disability tell me they want holiday last week so these tools are can be added a fine line and was very aware of that line any more questions it have you been involved in text verification can of tracking text sets of text snippets of online yes so and we are going
to kill him savings I shouldn't we are currently working on the UK election and I think the next wave the filler verification is now more than understanding the next wave of what will need to be able to do a nutrients is computational mapping of text so collecting but you know text from phase pages which allows us to search for keywords and some what's happening there all huge and context archives in Panama papers by CIJ
said what how how does artificial intelligence help us see patterns in documents so that the next wave is is asses the news industry taking computation methodology to find patterns duty digging map fake ecosystems that for me is the next wave and this is all fine but the media feels like misinformation now it's about this information it's about systematic campaigns that are being driven by computation and automation so we on the other side we need to use the same tools to fight in the yes and what about pictures that have been photoshopped or a picture that has been combined of 2 photos yes so and 1 of the
biggest issues that we just unhide some of this stuff I these examples of the web you to enough time and is is in terms of the voters shopping type stuff is you're looking for layers accepted such about versus time you don't really need that level of forensic analysis a lot of it is just looking for patterns and it disappeared and things like compression looking at photos size is and has been changed as it makes the new content on Facebook often if you if you click on the time stamp on Facebook and opens up as an actual post and the photo then becomes small and the oblong that's you know the biggest and check the something's happened actually looking for an but he shall like doing
deep dives into that at both access so this is of course the famous North Korean example most by 2 shots of really bad
and so here is just that the same size wave the wave of the same pattern was repeated again and again all as this 1 here you for BCI yeah they 1
and and this was because the same smoke and appeared and that things like looking at shadows and so the famous eagles steals the baby if you got blue sky the really wary because it makes it much easier to Photoshop so I cannot give you a good answer I think and if you are afraid to shop expert but there's a
whole host of things you can you can look at in terms of the actual picture at most of the stuff on social ends up being not that sophisticated and and of course you'll you'll then working with an image that has been compressed and it's difficult to see that the biggest issue with social media stuff is that the image you looking at is almost worthless to you end up having to rely on these kind clues because it's been written metadata compressed
and made but a very small and data file hi um I wanted to know like from your experience of what are the areas of reporting like or the kinds of stories that we mess up the most so like of I'm working on something that let you know that that I should think the way was say this is this is a bad thing where people make mistakes as is almost always breaking news i is almost always old footage recirculating is very rarely Connor sophisticated hoaxes that we might talk about in training sessions is almost always in an earthquake I is and it's not that the uses the trying to hoax as they do a search for New Zealand earthquake Google
serves up New Zealand Earthquake material in the present only good from today that's terrible and then we shares on Twitter so it's mostly um that we need to be wary of all of and even silly things at the Brussels Brussels airport example and that's people a
CCTV footage never comes out immediately so when somebody exactly 0 my god CCTV footage from inside the airport which immediately just say absolutely no way that would come this quickly but instead like all great imagery we just should put massive signs up saying brief and we don't because we watch each other and I mean this this example here from election and but this was a gain a compensate of
if use just search for on Google or Bing and for an immigration arrest this comes up on Wikimedia this was actually form and
March the primary in Arizona and somebody just put these 2 images together very easy on photoshop now we could have done really sophisticated analysis but if we engage our brains we said nobody stands looking the phone when some he's being arrested so a lot of this is to is maybe Americans and the but but that kind most of this stuff can be
defined by just engaging our brains and I think instead we we just get caught up in the moment Chad
and say this is this is another 1 I think last of like compensate image
use and again too good to be true but this is actually a a storm cloud in Iowa from 2012 uh earlier in the year there was Hurricane Sandy but again this takes 2 seconds that's the power of estimates such as you can actually find the
composited parts of it so again going back to this information that's what really worries me I can't believe that was still having to talk about these things we should just have eliminated the newsrooms and recently during the Aleppo um crisis we retweeted that video that shows you that I'm sort embarrassed about and got 3 thousand retweets with Jenny's Mike will with this image search for the magic tool like how we got to the point where not everybody knows about it but they don't and so we just which lead to just make sure that everybody doesn't leave with the more worrying stuff from the Kremlin
and you for that that the next level that you need to take the next step is to take the complete a computational analysis in in China and lot of networks of of information today is that the bigger part of the misinformation and disinformation is is that of organizational planted in the documents that are on by specific organizations which have origin or is it people looking for these things trying to share things to perpetuate their their own perception of reality whether it's right or wrong what's what's more dangerous is equally generous yet so and and I talk a lot while
about all of this and my issue is that we need to be distinctive about misinformation disinformation and we need to think about the motivations the misinformation it's either poor journalism or its users themselves just sharing without thinking all the way through to troll factories and bot networks I think what we saw lots of in France was actually loosely connected individuals in the UK and the US using collaborative platforms like Dropbox Google forms Goodall docs discord which is like slack using those tools to basically
connect with 1 another to have estimated systematic attempts to have spread disinformation so I think we have to recognize that yes there about networks but I'm also concerned about humans who are kind of collectively working together to try and and manipulate public opinion I think in Europe we
just we've not going to see its and actually there's more of them and 1 thing I say when Facebook plow that paper 2 weeks ago by the security team recognizing that state actors are using their platforms for disinformation uh the hallelujah stop saying it's just by Macedonian teenagers there are other significant factors here that we need to be aware of people find solutions when he's on summer complexity festival the the the
to the you've shown us a lot of interest in it and tools and vendor for that so what's your personal stance toward to the regional like the verification versus privacy issues starting from the fact that were going from private so full of people that 1 of the accurate often not posting them online and a lot of journalists would approach them in a lecture would like to your eyewitness account or this those of
you from the media and up to the point where almost the review which is posted recognizes a which is posted on Twitter on surrendered slides to enter comments and
convex and you from caterers Stoffel for whatever that lizard arose rotor footage on an so what I wish we had was everybody who use the Internet understood its power so we built a verification costs I
showed it to 1 and mom watched it and then I just need to shut down everything I ever do on the web but she didn't learn anything she learned how exposed she was so why would prefer that is that we all recognize that me I'm very careful about why post all my settings of the highest they possibly can be an even I feel exposed but I'm making a conscious decision when I decide to post anything in particular because then if I was an
eyewitness and some terrible thing happened on my way to the airport tonight I would specifically not so to reach out to journalist probably not publicly I would make it clear that he is the original image this is who I am and this is how you can check your way and so witness your human rights organizations have built in at the if you're an actor best you can prove who you are in a state encrypted way that's how we should be doing it as opposed to all mining social networks so this material because users don't understand
and we hope that they'll give us permission we I have to pay that feelings a way journalist was they all going to prison for source they tree an eyewitness like crap you know when you see people chasing after like vultures during a breaking news event stealing people's content not paying for it syndicating making profit off it's what I mean not Germany that everybody else and it's a real issue and is partly because users not you would talk like
this to 500 students is that by taking Instagram image of you know the ones that image got Instagram alike no irony is my copyright and even if I posted Instagram nobody else can take it without my permission and Holland so we have a real
with uses audiences will people not understanding the law not their rights which is allowing us to ask the news industry to take advantage of this get back to original question I would prefer that we will much more where privacy and if we did have good information to give to new dreams we would have channels to do it the ring corrected and actually source protection in this world is something really think about last thing the weekend of the Trump executive order you so all of these newsrooms on Twitter saying please tell us about your experiences in America today but you kidding but we now live in America in a way that we have to protect sources in American the same way as we have to protect them from Syria and actually the tools themselves have been designed
we getting better with signal an encryption on this repairing messenger acts but we need to be much better that so huge education campaigns needed people themselves and understand their rights and its nutrients elsewhere in the world we see much more aware of privacy and consent which you are here and everybody else is the
the if you have a
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Advanced Social Media Verification
Untertitel How to authenticate images & videos that emerge online
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Autor Wardle, Claire
Sonnenfeld, Isa
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33090
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

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Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract In this practical workshop participants will learn the key steps that any journalist should take when working with images and videos that have been sourced online.

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