Re: Action? - Software for political protest

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Re: Action? - Software for political protest
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Once the social media bubble bursts and the institutions in place prove to be more efficient than online petitions, once physical protests are met with police brutality and legal ignorance, what are other avenues are left for an effective political action? As technologists, programmers and designers, we know how to create and use software. As we try to get involved in political action, technology is often our first choice. But how efficient has our use of technology been so far? This talk will take a look at the essence of the political protests of the past and the present, and examine how software changed it, for good and for bad. It will include a theoretical, legal and practical...
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tho hello hello cold OK so that's me
and and care and so yeah I teach an interactive media New York University which is in between like arts humanities social sciences but mostly I have background political science right and and most of my research interest lies in the the crossover between technology and political change in what some people
call technology for social change other which really ends up being technology for the sake of technology right the and so what I want you to to focus on today is an software and political action and political reaction right and I wanna I wanna focus
on the idea of how these 2 are different action versus reaction and how protesting today you regularly falls into the category of reaction and that really action anymore on and how that because they're different is the 2nd part how they need different types of technologies to effectively function and then finally you will see that was some kind of some some of these
technologies already do exist and some of these don't end up like us to consider them and concern possibility of protesting on the digital space and a little bit more thoroughly
so what kind of political reaction the softer enable right and that is that we can start from the assumption that the the it's a desire of human beings
to act politically right to contribute to sort of living together on the question that comes after that is how to do that and then the question that the computer sort of skews a little bit is is is being blurred between
efficiency and effectiveness right efficiencies when you should achieve something and then effectiveness is no efficiencies when achieve something with the least amount resources effectiveness is when actually do achieve something right and the fact that we live in a world where work coming on CPU cycles we tend to think in terms of
resources and not always in terms of gold that achieved the said you to take a step back will have to to think about what is the political action itself was a protest and then and what exactly is
offered good at and when we find this 2 circles in this van diagram in the middle maybe will finance some so for me that's political protest
at rate of Ferguson reelects white mere 2 years after the migrant students and so Ferguson misery was the city where my ground was and there is like here there was murdered by
then we'll send the police officer and then dials and went on retirement and and it also spondylitis matter movement to the right and that's millions and millions and millions and millions of tweets of people saying how and how outrage they are an ending up with an James knows 3rd who was re-elected for the 3rd time in Ferguson
misery was 65 per cent of the votes right so at some point you treat about something I don't know if that is the result of the but has never organizers and wanted to want to have and that's nothing against like of matter it's more something about or whether we use social
media so social media and protest are weird thing right and we we sort of have this
this fantasy of uh of social media as a gateway to protest as a gateway to and to topple the autocracy sent to sort of like free speech and free the people so the 1st 1 that comes to
mind is is the arab spring but in the Arab spring was this amazing moment we we all believe that by
bringing people together we could double the autocracy and and we can bring about a Facebook revolution of 1 of the questions that we didn't ask is once you have at this progressive River
revolution does that actually lead to physical democracy afterwards and does that allow you to organize itself properly and if you look at the state of like Tunisia Libya and Egypt today you could argue that it's even worse than it was about 15 years ago the and that for a 2nd we thought that it worked right we had this sort of
like weird weird romanticize ideals of of social media allowing you to to double governments of from the user's perspective because you have a young activists in those are countries that and that had the impression that
everybody believe that believe that the same way they did that they did was just because they were early adopters right with the only people that are there were present on that and work on and then there were us in the west through sort of had this fantasy of unseen democracy spring magically as if it was the invisible hand allowing it to happen to happen in this country's and but then turns out that everybody else they got on the social media and it just become another mass media on the other side you have the the British referendum on and the British referendum was kind of
interesting in the sense that in in the 2 1st weeks of June doesn't 2016 right before the the referendum there about and 1 . 5 million tweets that were treated
about uh the lever remain campaigns in and out of those streets I
have the numbers 54 per cent were pro leave 20 % were up for remain but then within those happen of those tweets were just treated by 1 per cent of the Book of the tree of the Twitter accounts basically Twitterbots
right i and those for about a just and mobilizing the public sphere the public space and public discourse in in which quantity has overcome quality and it led to or maybe not let the contributed to the
results that we know of and finally have China and in China China's chemical a chair and those like has the biggest social network in the world after Facebook way book and an ending that the actually know that uh social media isn't really about products they know exactly what is good what is bad which allowed
to tree which are not allowed to treat as way for them to to to double down on their on their perception of oppressive about artists and were basically you can say anything about the government and complain about anything the government take care those people and have a
sort of ideal that they've done that there are fighting corruption but whenever you start reading about going down on the streets and going anywhere but being censored right away there's no way that you're ever gonna
go anywhere which brings me to the idea of protests right and they differ their of the idea of protest is something to me for me
that is at least very physical on that starts as a public network
answers the public network and if you get there the definition of a of a network it's a private node with a bunch of edges that attracted to
other nodes in the metabolic network right and if we consider the node as individual then the edges are the issues at stake right and have a protest Public network
that is connected by a specific issue and then that becomes it becomes important to to characterize water those issues
are the the more defined the more specific the stronger the edges are gonna be an and and the more consistent coherent network is gonna be
the the you have something that's bigger it's gonna be easier for for nodes to come in and come out and and that remain within that particular
campaign that particular network which then leads to nurture correlation of of this idea of being against something or pro something
else right and I think I think we can agree that it's easier to be again something then for something and in most of the networks that we have to be at least literature or a reactive and so they're against whatever is happening there against dials being and that being condemned they're
against the European Union they're they're they're they're pushing back right it's easy we have something defines another 1 that's what you want out on about all of its own and so by being again something you have a you have a lot wider network that's not a strong
for something you have a more and more thinking to here in the 2nd part is the delegitimize
movement and and the DATA the having the legitimacy in a in a protest is something that's
that's very important and it's something that allows you to and to to relate to other people right when you when you start having a content and you start having a manifesto and start having a statement as to what you wanna say that people can relate to you and come to you and say OK now I'm interested right and because listeners use what makes
the difference between a protest in right right and in both cases it's a bunch people going to the streets and reminding them of the physical violence is the possibly the way they will regain control in the country and the right to do that for no reason for this is that for a particular reason and they
have little books little websites little benefits fliers but have something to justify what they're doing right it took blood less than an hour of about 2 and a half years to have a dedicated website stating all of the the the objectives and decisions about and it's really good website but it became a little bit to to make a mapping I and then In the 3rd
part is that the targeted action Indian
classical edges of put as really have people coming on the streets of the targeted action is since the stop at the doors of something else target action for me is still the streets themselves right and until until 19 fifties and everything that really happened in the in the world
happened on the streets and and if you wanted to seize control of the comic possibilities of a country and over the streets right if you can go through the street you can't make money you can you can trade you can communicate on and that made sense have
protests right like when they have the the the Paris Commune and they decided that no 1 what was going go in and out and that a lotta radically different political regimes today not so much because of the the the the the way that the economic system works now is
completely decentralized and conclude with a little bit more fluid leaks so if you're if you're gonna be if you're going protest against a particular company that same and 0 were going to cut all these jobs in this in this area there's no way that you that you gonna stop the headquarters right
and you're not going to you're not going to be able to infer the doors that is going work from home and they have probably better Wi-Fi from home and the office to yeah so really a targeted action is what is missing today in the protest because
you still have people coming on the streets the only personal meeting them on the streets are the policeman so the good parts of
social media I think is that this creating a network of and grading discussion of ideas and offering alternative and that's the basic basic requirements so but it doesn't actually go all the way right and I think 1 of the reasons that doesn't go all the way is because it's
really good at making you feel good about yourself so it's the it's the combination of both and written visual and and moving content that in the transforms my gratifies us constantly of the beautiful colors and things that are happening just like entertainment right I and simply by there's this where moment where you your joining a community
and you feel like you're being part of a community and emotional level because you're having all this multimedia content presented to you but you know you never you in at least in social media you know you never pushed out of them a little bit above the other side of
the same way you would be a protest where you get you going to astrophysical physically present there is drama there is there is a motion but then they ask you to to to handle and role the come party to ask you to
donate your organs in a much more likely to do that if you're on facebook in you're just on on Facebook last report as clicking little hot button it's a really nice animation has sideways and but doesn't do
much what is that I think is an organizing network in the long term and
it's better and spitting political issues and instead and interfacing with existing systems and having a target so 1 quick note about the first one the organizing a network long-term I I think that's 1 of the proof that computers don't really solve everything that we have e-mails already we have Google Docs we have uh wikis but it's and it's up to us to sort of like go beyond the
digital and to start to each other and have a long-term relationship right there's no there's no apt to have a long-term relationship on on the on the opposite I think that anticipating interfering and interfacing and and targeting
or things that we can we can think about a little bit more
so it suffers good at is a is those 4 things right the 1st 1 is monitoring and monitoring and interfacing multiple little bit about what already exist and I think that
intercepting in scaling of the the most important and interesting parts but so monitoring is an is the ability to to float to follow the flow of code to to see so discrepancies what what is consistent with is not consistent them whatever happens and that raises
similar to the user it's not really practive per say but it's it's the basis for action and it's it's informed consent which then leads to a legitimate action because you know why you're doing something there's something
that's wrong in that system on and actually works on level of anticipating right it's it's the for the non-violent protest because preventing is really better than curing and and these kind of monitoring tools will rely on citizens to avoid having to become the protesters in the 1st place and the the the really the proof they provide constant feedback to legislators as to what's happening right
you have legislator they're doing something you monitoring them in your saying hey like know you fucked up here in front of that
on that's actually done that and technique that target of Desmond uses right where worthy the sort of see every single click this year a single and behavior is you were doing and say 0 this is the moment where their sake and any chocolate or
this is the moment well she's in her of relating face and were gonna sell her and the baby are like show her baby baby it doesn't but it works really well because it happens in a microsecond we start thinking right but if the legislator does
something and then we call them right out right after and saying hey look we've we've heard that meaning you just had I think of your your lectures and then be consistent with it that might work better than and
than for testing a difference even with the the more the person actually it's following that
comes the interfacing part and interfacing part for me is really to communication the accommodation with existing systems and give the and more specifically the public and governmental system almost all the studies say that as someone who calls the neighbor or someone who calls 1 the friends is 100 a 100 times more efficient to persuade them to put right you can say what everyone can have and there was this this results of Pokémon go
game that was based on Facebook friends which then would allow you to push people to vote for the US election there was this region mitigation think if you if you take your phone you call your friend it's much more likely they're going about right and I think that this this book among
the thing really didn't work that well because it did all the work for you and what it would be possible interfacing is doing the maximum technical without ever and going over the social there right so you could
have and you could have a repository of all the phone numbers of the European about the entries of the European Parliament and you could have a system that allows you call them for free over web of but never telling them exactly what to do or just sending them in e-mail or having a big red button that says I'm site
and and these these kind already exists right
so I'll go over them quickly but you can look them up for the if if you're interested democracy that I was made by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and and it's a way to streamline the contact process for for the US Senate so you basically interviews occurred and it tells you this is who is in charge of you and then you send an e-mail and it goes through all the like we're in labor work to just send it send you the the the web response and then we
derive response to you by phone was made by the potential genetic during the soap and by campaigns and it was also a and a phone server that was connected to and members of
the members of parliament in the European Union Parliament of had then shot is German it also facilitates the freedom of
inferred information requirements open those complaints streamlines the possibility to file complaints for a young black teenagers in the US the embargo that you such petitions is the integrated petition system within the Edinburgh parliament which works much better than then the the once they have the White House of the ones that have enough at the governmental level and in the UK and then on the other side you have books work which is 1 of the most complete and thorough explanation of any single political candidate in the
US open oversight is the way is like Yelp for police officers basically and but in a more professional work and then some labs is 80 and
formerly sunlight labs with started the for the US Congress which then was taken over by ProPublica and noble and politics are at 2 and French brother Belgian websites and 1 of them is but also when but you about the sort of monitoring what is going on in who
is willing for what in the European Parliament right so all these things sort of cannot exist in I think there are 2 problems in in those of in general is that there either
there's typically they're not mobile-friendly and if you go to vote more org and it's the moment right before the election any sort of wonder what's going on you open up your phone and then the whole pages a flash application and so you just can't do anything and
just gonna vote for whoever your neighbor votes for or hopefully I and then the other part is that it's not easily integrated not easily integrated means that in the case of Python for example where they have a system where they're going to tell and they're gonna allow you to communicate with anyone of the
parliament of the shut it down once this apparently back campaign was done so that they consider that there's not really a campaign going on I would argue that it would also be convenient to have a consent of constant or a constant hot line to the existing public systems the so now and
1 way that I think about protest is about the intercepting the action right into something is not about waiting for something to be done in Parliament waiting for someone to say something and then reacting in saying that is good as not good intercepting is saying hey whatever you were doing I'm gonna go and stop you and tell you something on so for me 1 of the
way we can think about it is the the picket line is a man-in-the-middle attack right of public
spaces what is what is left of it I is where the spaces work a great attention right in we could we could sort of parade with the street and then someone will come in and and they see the posters and they realize that
0 the corporation there the the operating in front of they're doing something wrong specifically when I would have never known otherwise on especially in the world of of the levels of of the rebels but if you consider if we start considering websites as places where we can gather can become can
possible to raise the issues on those platforms and can we sort of enters the traffic the same we were interested pedestrian traffic in physical
spaces of and that's that's called in programming it's called a amend the middle attack so it's basically you use someone requests a page from the internet and you your computer goes to the runner the rather goes to the server the server comes back gives a computer and at some point you a man in the middle you take the content and you
change of conduct and in the way which is the
content is by providing your own pop-ups and your own just your own webpages right and the website itself is private so every single machine is considered private property in the same way you would just present onto a single machine it would also be a kernel as of however and public Wi-Fi is right you can do whatever you want with public Wi-Fi because it doesn't really say anything
about it that it was legalized actually by a Google Maps as they went around all of the world and they sniffed that back at the back it's all around the in the public what and I guess they had
a wealthy enough lawyers that they could win the case now what and we can do whatever we want for the course so what and when and why and what I'm getting at is that you could you could sort of grab the attention of of someone by
presenting them with the continents relevant to the public offer their own right there on the public Wi-Fi of a particular city then you say hey there's that much income
inequality in the area that you are right that and
if you're on the public web site of a private university then you talk to them about the problems with and student loans if you're on the web site of the particular and airport then you tell them that I Evelyn travel is not doesn't have limitations in terms of carbon emissions right you can still sort conceptualize everything and you can take people by surprise and the
last part and is a skill right and scaling is the ability of that computers have to do the same thing over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over again of and this and do that until something else crashes right like other the computer itself or
the target of the action and so for me we can start thinking it strikes as denials services strikes strikes used to be a critical leverage
point in popular struggles and the someone uh being that they've been legalized it's a constitutional right in some countries it's somewhat limited and others it's only really forbidden talk receives I and it's really just using a physical
place with physical bodies in order to halt the economic and the income of the entity that your protest right but now that we're getting into the legalization of it it it becomes less and less than radical and critical to strike right but if you think of the of a denial of service denial of service of the same thing and it's basically that you do a large number of requests to a specific server server can handle it it
crashes and sensing can crush can do anything what's was down and it's basically useless so now the the at least in the western world effect resource-aware slowly
disappearing and the question is if your main tool of profit in main tool of making money is the e-mail what happens when you prevent people from making the from from writing units and
there and back in 2006 the the service of the Bank of England crashed for about 6 hours and they have an estimated loss of US 700 billion no 70 billion tons so to give you an idea of how much money goes through Microsoft Outlook in at 1st glance it's it's kind of
and it's got tricky it's it's used for well means it's criminalized if its invisible and it can it can always fall in the wrong hands like the way that we we've heard of the DOS attacks was this but not attack that almost brought the the energy Internet down the goes with all these kids with next masks that with them and then really know what they were doing so that it was really fun the but I like to go through 3 examples of D does attacks that actually had the that
particular political and leverage the first one was flooded for then would happen in an April 1998 by the electron disturbance theater and they started with this message saying that in solidarity with the separatist as we call on not on all
surfers was mentioned in it and to use the automated features of FloodNet on the 10th of april for 24 hours so what they did basically was just a very simple job outlet on the website it was hardcoded to reload a specific specific user websites over and over again in several Benton at 4 minutes and these websites where the FBI
the Home Secretary of the Mexican government in a couple banks that were involved in loaning money to the Mexican military against the Zapatistas people in each of us on the but the problem
with for that is that it really veered into presented itself as an as an art project so now it's more presented in museums and seen as a tool for political activism but there were a couple of good ideas and I think we should remember but the 2nd 1 is pulled the home sources laborers union of North America
and basically very classic Apple the Holmesburg someone the laborers union wasn't really happy about the way they had been fired and and so they do does the company in the sense that at they sent e-mails over and over and over and they
called constantly and so the company was right resident it was rendered useless for about 5 hours 5 to 6 days the the interesting thing is that didn't do it with a softer all they just had a sheer number of union members and then they manage to to to to freeze the company all by
themselves and so the company do whatever but accompanied as and they went to the courts and they filed a lawsuit against the laborers union and they were found have guilty so 1 part was that they were found guilty because they they destroyed property in the sense that if you if you if you dismantle a computer server through did
us then you're attacking property introductory property on the other side was pulled to homes was found guilty of not considering that the negotiations with the laborers union right so the Court of Virginia I think and stated that this the does that that was
actually a way for them to commit to negotiate and to try to establish some sort of political dialog without without just having fun and just being anonymous right and the last 1 is and that's the most about whose from Germany and the
food in the was part of the of the of a group called the liberty that liberty that and advocacy group there was criticizing the the behavior of the fans as regard to and
exposing the political asylum refugees and in 2001 he made of human another d doesn't know where he brought down that she broke down the the web server farms out 4 or 5 days yes providers and creating 1 . 2 million hits in
defense of all the lawsuits saying that because unspecified economic damage and turns out that the German legal system said that it was just the relevant manifestation of political expression and that the fence I was in the wrong right and so yes in
in some countries the is considered as heavily legal by the US and in other countries it still considers political protest right the
only reason we don't do it and it is because the same way that strikes have become legalized and it's sort of OK to strike the things that attack private property of the corporate world of the the the public governments and on it's not OK right like it was OK to strike back in the 18th century they can manage inventory now it's not OK to do just in the 21st century the so if we actually want to set up right like what what what we need the 1st is that we wouldn't use about right you need actual people you need the legality
mediate the individuality of each and you need to integrate a political message in the request and the way for that that it is that they would you request for slash justice such a system point of the Home Secretary and so would return over and over the justice not from justice that from justice not from justice and
from on need to provide a specific target and that sort of bypasses the problem that everybody can use a software for that a fair bet reasons and then you end up going to court some of those people and then finally and provide public timeline of the attacks
that they can be actual public dialog in terms of who was part of that attack who was in power the attack and wide it where the power that act and the y and being part of that attack is the terms of use in terms of users the corporate term for
manifesto wire you taking the person wise way where you unhappy with their behavior to in the world can have a conversation about that so and so in the end it's out it's nice has a high ties and back to actual political physical protest because you could
you could be very elaborate and you could have like develop low orbit and canon which is the suffer the anonymous users something very complicated all you need really is just people and mobile phones
I everybody has a smartphone everybody can go onto the website and everybody can just refers to page over and over and over and over again and if you have 1 . 2 million people in the streets and you have 1 . 2 million hits possibly per 2nd that's way more than we can and that the average person can generate with all of this 1st so could just look like that I
so that's ring a POST request to 17 . 1 7 2 . 2 to 4 . 47 and ask them to pay their taxes and that's Apple Inc. and that really and it's not it's
really not complicated is something that all we need to do is to sort of open up a discussion that's not just about us keeping are particularly our particular intensity as those tools that are all on their own would bring it together and saying hey like you remember the strike you remember the trustees should remember alone is the markets than others that they're all ideas about about struggle this is destroyed the faces trouble in the 21st century and
so in the end the things that like you to remember is that protested not devolve on par with sausages a far right like I don't think we can agree that protesting works today and and hopefully we've looked at some of the reasons why doesn't it we do have suffered to monitor and to
interface right we have software that can that can work with the parts of government at work whatever that doesn't work we still have some leverage point to seize is the digital states thank you
thank you laughter head of their
and on a crime I hang