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Music is Surveillance

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the heart of it is the way to the point of and the object
I will welcome everyone
um religious this presentation and but the main purpose of this presentation or something point is to ask what is the valence and we want to rethink surveillance through sound and music
so now during that it's difficult and because I depictions in popular
culture the definition of surveillance is watching over uh media depictions and also academic research have made uh mostly they have emphasis on the visual and notions of watching noted that typical at image when talking about surveillance of which is often given is the panopticon which was at a prison sort out by Jeremy Bentham and with that for those of you who are not aware of this the idea is that you have done the garden in the tower in the middle um who is not who you cannot see
as as a prisoner and that the prisoners are in a circle around the central tower the idea is that even though the prisoners do not see the gods they will behave the at another example there's another panopticon is an Orwell's book 1984 Big Brother is watching you and even popular music
with the police thinking about all be watching you
and then the emergence of CCTV cameras in and I especially in the UK in the 19 nineties has influence on popular depictions and also academic research and surveillance very much focusing on watching and now however surveillance was never purely visual and even Jeremy Bentham when he was as thinking about his Panopticon prison have devised a listening system but but he and he decided to not to do it's because technologically it was not possible to have a listening system that was 1 way OK so of the now so surveillance was never meant to be purely visual and so eavesdropping is the most well known as a form of where it's not about watching that about listening at there are also other types of yeah I'm going
to focus other types of acoustic surveillance of surveillance through sound and music now in in the 19 thirties and we can see that our Muzak emerged and Zack was created by 2 specifically influence people's behavior for example at work so I designing music to make people work more efficiently for example and then in them uh also in the 19 thirties we
have the emergence of the radio and specific radio programmes with the idea that I certain population groups are targeted targeted by and watch um is offered to uh through music and and so this should be we can see this but in in developments in the 19 thirties with um there there the the rise of the number of open corporations working around marketing and marketing strategies now a more recent example of where sound and music is used to influence people's behavior is what is known
as a mosquito which is as sound apparently only a people up until a certain age can he and the idea is that for example in a train stations and they don't want to have young people hanging around so they they um this give this sounds so that they will run away I know that in in Brussels for example they also use classical music releases listen and had a lot of the things I have just a number of ways that music and sound has been a bit like this that when only to give lot of or in the volume of the time on and on and on and on MER loomed yes thank you so I will listen to a piece of music over a not is called scanner he to make music by invading speak people's privacy here to
just scan around the room and see what the confidence of collocations because of the fact and then use this as the sound of for his for his music for the use of out so the density by these into this kind of music and tried to think of civilians through sound that we came to the conclusion that perhaps it was better to focus on the reason that and civilians and music so of all the release of it civilians and sound we try to use our panel year the terms and the price of bread to think about music and civilians and actually it appeared that we were not the 1st ones there were world more people that have a thing about the relation between civilians and music this is the 2nd French thinker and he wrote 1 of the most influential books on modern music he wrote the 1st person at the end of the of the seventies and he had this uh uh very clear a
reference to the fact that the technologies of civilians that the colleges of music are related to the technologies of civilians so that she emphasized link with the surveillance the music as we know it and the the surveillance of through technology actually it was not the
only 1 to have this kind of insights about the nature of modern music this is a long term and thinking of course and he was originally from Germany he moved to another states and he basically just did not like just he did not like of popular music but it was not only just that he disliked them but the result that the seeds of classes in modern music in popular music is is of music and also
in terms actually because think but maybe classical music it's mother so that's another against popular music but actually classical music is not philosophically not so much the better there's a famous solid is much lower who just pointed out that the piano itself is a piece of furniture up over a piece of Florida so there is indeed a link between the societies would which would lead the technologies that we use for music and all of think of it has been emphasizing of these it's
the kitchen and in his case he's come or more specific about rock music of music and he explained that actually most of the technologies that we use but that were using the classical record for rock music for pop music is present another road are directly derived from advances in technology uh to major in the war effort in the 2nd World War so when you think about the
singularity imagine the early all there's no people and others you're actually using the strategies that have really really related to war indeed when we think uh when we be look at the other technologies of music of modern music assets we do you see this kind of links this is it was he was a Soviet spy he came from the from the from the Soviet Union he lived for a while in United States he invented this phentermine instrument that you know what's the sound of the 7 instrument here already know the summary will just and so on and it's played without the without touching the instrument sentiment he invented was our use of of waves and because of this invention
actually was used directly for surveillance purposes he also invented we this in kind of technology the the microphone without cable so that the back that I actually allow that they have an important role the end of the Cold War and he also submitted to the mention of the Moog uh on keyboard which was very influential for that the whole development of electronic music as we know it so that is clearly a link in the theory that is clearly a link in the history of of potential variants music but what about now what happens is
these links the reality and actually we kind of like you because of this important trends think of as a cabinet here really wrote his book from the seventies when the Internet
appears he thought it was important to actually describe what the moment independent foreign music and and and and society and he wrote this this book and actually I think this is a very very interesting he deleted the sentence but I like so this and that's what he described the relation to civilians and technology was recently deleted for this new from this there was another book so I will try to make you pay a bit bond that suited to stimulate your part unit and also still in Europe I think and what does it mean that in that Vienna longer in a society where there's a link with music and surveillance I disagree with an air of course we believe it so the case where we live it's this link is stronger than ever in the
previous session of others custom art music cylinders extreme and services and the different ways actually in through which we consume all music this can be all streaming services are set but also just services like you to loop or or or or many other cities and there were some references to to the question of what happens to the your date that when you go online and here and listen to music so what happens to you know that that is needed to know all a bit of what happens to you that that you have to read the terms and conditions the policy of the of the the privacy policies of of the of the services and I made this work for you this is why I'm now bits FIL about but it during a few days I was trapped in a place within terms and
conditions of within privacy policies of all linguistic services and I will try to summarize everything in in a very very in a very quick way so there is some that that you will always give whenever you listen to music online this kind of little escape it depends on the so this is a summary of the service properly you monotonic due to give your name in your user name during age your e-mail your location the country you live and you the time was probably at least a peak also you would have to give something to get information IP address browser there's some information about the ads that you see the ads that Euclidean because that's very very relevant for for all the services you will of course have to give a lot of information about the music you are listen to the default for how long would you listen to the music and in some cases you will also be obliged to give information about whether you're running of the despotic I said it's very important to know what kind of music you want to hear because the water here this is occurring front 1 year's assistant so they have to know all the time whether you're running of the that's the view that a in some cases with some services you're not obliged to give all that you for the beginning or you can also then uh give more info desk easy you want to that obtained 0 so they ask you please could you by the way he does more data and then it you couldn't or they that mourn speaks you give more specific if a visual unification your contacts and in all this information now the state sometime in of course do not obliged to do all of this because this things so it does give them access to your Facebook account so they can give almost all the data directly from Facebook it's very convenient for you may also decided the log through 1 or you can just you the the that and the access to your Google account uh the access to your Facebook account but these of course will have implications of what happens to the data but what happens all all the data this is the 2nd part of the privacy policies that I suffer a reading so what happens to the that that what is the purpose of this collection of the data the the the will of course to look to
the provider of the service the theory is modified at the bank and that can be used whatever they would use it to give you some recommendations and some music the they there will also be given to all the companies with which they have uh policies most of the that will be used for scientific purposes that is to know more about you in the audience that the what happens in the country so all this kind of statistics that gives you a lot things through facebook of course all the in that men and women in these items will go to Facebook so that's always the case and of course we 1 of the that will go to Google in view of the low through that and actually even if you didn't and that we have we have in the session before the somebody say you know what I and as the boss of my company ignorant to you that I will never as long as us to leave give said your data to anybody that's always there in the privacy policies of everybody that's at the beginning of the privacy policies we promise you sit chair is are they there will never sell it and then when you go to the end states a the of the privacy policy it does so that if necessary evil you don't have any more money of course we will 1st or just send you the that so we can get money so that that's a summary of what happens to the fact that you may wonder what I thought it was from privacy settings so maybe that's not the last 2 years of the looks against the influence of its indeed there are some privacy settings but they cannot really protect you format to lose their work basically protect you for the for the way in which you said this is the data set with other companies use what most of them so that the that
with Facebook with movement with Spotify of course and in if somebody needs money with anybody so why is this so they wanted to listen the yeah but the
to the the but but but the the it so basically that was just uh musical interlude to tell you we are becoming the that we are constantly being the that and that we are constantly being transformed
into the there by listening to music so this raises the question what is then the role for
music in the critique of civilians what can we actually make some interesting music to denounce civilians to complain about the invasions of privacy and actually there is interesting music that is of that this is 1 example it's fully have no chance this beautiful and video has lost so too are in a state of war the expert so were following that another revelations you know that whenever she's online this possibly some by the of the national security agency that the state looking at
what she does so she wrote this also to the saliency has this was too beautiful media that you can go and watch in you talk about of course if you go and watch the video and you told you know you will be tracked this and another interesting also and that's an only watch me again it's uh but is the country of of a love song to hit song against the civilians that you can go and go on what's online but so how can you then escape being they what you critics civilians this is 1 of the big questions that we would like to explore with you this is 1 of the the set of questions that were like to explore a for the 2nd set of person-to-person will become back so to conclude our final question is what does this mean for our initial question what is
surveillance is music surveillance and I think we have shown that surveillance is in the uh the the sense of the dictionary is not just watching over but can include other senses such as on the ear and um I think we've shown that with the rise of the the the Internet and the Internet surveillance and the music software that is increasingly being used to listen to
music that on the users of these programs are are becoming are disciplines in the sense similarly in a sense as in the panopticon to always have provided data and and wherever they go and specifically in this music there are n and M seduced into a always giving their data as and as a matter of speaking as a normal giving your data becomes a normal way of life and a nice grains and in the into thing we
know that because we have that minutes left for the sudden minutes left for questions from the audience to thank you the
few in the there's a little bit of the school has posters and here usually employed and so and I would like to new do you know anything about and about the current state of the art so what is done with with the data because of and of course everybody knows or assumes there will be a gorithms Um k elatedly K collating something and uh person to my listening behavior but what knowledge or information strong force from the date of it's all the year and yet are already articles from the technological field career and data scientists say are people who listen to Pantera are normally very aggressive and um mean persons or so hot hold people uh goes it into the personality of the listeners it's actually a very that we don't know much about what happens for real with the data this is that the
very frustrating thing about those privacy policy that I was mentioning to deal with that you you want to know what happens to you they they're going to revisit if it you go every them and at the end you really don't know what what is this supposed to be much the purpose it part of it is supposed to more than make you live better recommendations for you but what happens whether by the purpose of the General statistics my in pressure in my view and have some disagree because it's is is not just because they care for the personality of Punta listeners it is of course the commercial purposes it's it's so about marketing and given this actually of most of the time to companies that are not about music it's about demographics collect demographic speculative practices where I do want when they do go out what what's in the kind of lifestyle that they did you have but it's not a it's not just staring your music preferences with other music lovers and Bureau of hearing the music fully Facebook is not in this for for for the love of music in also what isn't so but when you look into the the the the little itself there's a lot of it is the discussions about reform the there's our which kind of how can we classify but what how can we keep again the listener moral interested we don't want to lose that the listener because it's the source of the uh agree I just want to add to that and I think it's clear that's 1 purpose of especially for example if you log into a Spotify with your Facebook profile the data data used by Facebook will and most probably be used on the 1 hand for advertising and on the other hand for for doing research Big Data research that they are on the conducting the any other questions
comments that that's it yeah I think a fascinating talk I mean stress-induced just probing a bit more of what am I the different angles that are offered by the gear in music and auditory terms instead of visual I just add 1 other example is is a great I'm sure story at the time of invention of the radio the enormous radios which sort of cues into this I'm sensation of being watched and heard all the talk was heard all time that case but he says something about the physical element there that makes it more real and I'm just curious whether when we can't see the listening devices whether we act differently to when it's invisible like on these various platforms and just whether you thought about that and physical distinction as being an element in how people perceive surveillance well I there has been a lot of discussion about this and of course there is a big difference in the if you you are uh
obviously being watched by CCTV camera or you all listening to music online or on Facebook and not really aware that you are being watched or in other cases listen to and I think he um uh awareness is a very important and that the awareness doesn't mean that it has to be visual so being aware that you are a the being controlled means that you you can also and have out possibilities interacting resists towards the surveillance if you're not aware at all than this and the this could also be an awareness of visual surveillance because you can have a cameras that are hidden and I think there's it's a question that is not dependent on the visual and the auditory it isn't but every that is in in the the uh
different by this difference in in 1 of the slides we had uh the the the profit of 3 fields in a tree there were there because there are 3 things about surveillance through
eavesdropping and I think that the most beautiful things because of really severe for all of the direct indirect us as a visual thinkers trying to explain this provision is in the presence of the of the listening variances so how can you somebody they listen to you how you're going to see this in a very physical model and you will have people just don't doubt there in the if you making things are physically because they they try to dislocate the sound and also uh in that our interesting tho artists is now working in sound that trade presented to to review that the sounds that are around us and this is for a set of this and in German artists working with new electrical of rules elliptical harms so the nor says that the electrical appliances and electrical machines do around us and make it making this article for us because sometimes what is all the is physical model physically enough for us and that's that's very interesting how they could you going approach the the different types of serving the so mean no more
questions come to believe that OK that's what let me think you give her hair and the
time if I had
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Music is Surveillance
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Autor González Fuster, Gloria
Brakel, Rosamunde van
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33028
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Surveillance typically echoes visions of the Pan-opticon and Big Brother’s omnipresent gaze, as if it was all (and just) about being watched, especially by those we cannot see. But what if we tried to think of surveillance through sound and music? This talk will tilt the audience’s ‘paranoid ears’, inviting them to explore surveillance and/as music, ultimately putting forward that music (as accessed and distributed in modern societies) is, to some extent, surveillance.

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