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Love and Laughter: How Zimbabweans Rebel Online

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the thing about the and the and here he is
called it was hard to believe the the and
and have a from if you heard of Zimbabwe some other yet so most of the time when we talk about my way people say a little girl had the you know the 1st thing they here is the 1st thing we know about is is probable got but there's more to Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe so Zimbabwe got independent in nineteen eighty from the UK and
after that we will we had so much promise it was called the dual of Africa at the time and we had so much promise so much hope for a better country our but 7 years later after independence our hopes were dashed was about what has a massive unemployment and huge economic crisis so the government's Bob really uh uses a lot of measures to stay in power in 1 of those is to keep the media at bay so you find that in Zimbabwe there there is 1 state owned a television station and and FM radio stations are all either state-controlled whole have a large influence off the state and the printing press Our depress the print media is a little bit more free but um that's but the dying industry in Zimbabwe so where young people really find themselves at expressing their ideas and rebelling is online so in Zimbabwe uh we have about 90 % mobile penetration rate too so there's about a cell phone for every man woman and child and then we have 50 % internet penetration social means half the population are have access to Internet so this is mainly in the urban areas and most people access the Internet using what's up Facebook and those are the ways that they really get online so for example if someone was to bias of women's by with the 1st thing they ask is can axis what's up can I put what's up on it can Facebook on it and if the if it does then they go and get invited so in that situation you have a situation with angry and people with access to Internet living you really challenging environment and that is probably a recipe for a lot of the great store right here but maybe you've probably heard about the US-led black matter and Nigeria's bring back our girls and as you might not have heard other reasons and bubbling hashtag movement called this flag on this slide was founded by the past 7 the lighting when he basically went online with and created a selfie the video any use the colors of the Zimbabwean flag which you also see around when his neck in order to kind of lament on his frustration in his anger and his disappointment at the current state of Zimbabwe and the video itself quickly received thousands of shares and over a million views and really started a powerful online and offline movement I actually have for you and the
video that we can kind of watched together as you can get an idea of this how emotional this was for everyone the
the would stand this flat this this beautiful you they tell me that the green so the green is for this mutation and for the crops I don't I don't see any growth in my country I and the yellow and VLE fall minerals diamonds platinum crawl I don't know how much of it is left and I don't know who the soldier true and how much they got free of of the red the red the red the red they say that that is the blood is the blood that was shed to secure freedom for me and I'm so thankful for that I just don't know that they were here if they will hear the that should be a blood and so the way this country you that they would demand that light be brought back to this layer are they they tell me that the black the black useful is for the majority of people like me and if for some reason I don't feel like I am a part of its time and it sometimes and I wonder is is is is is the story of my of my future always it just a reminder of a of a sad past that we have a high ball and I put on the colors of Zimbabwe the the the look at me and it's as if they want to last they asked me kind from Zimbabwe but you see it as an sometimes when I look at the flag is what a reminder of my pride and inspiration it feels as if I just want to belong to another country disallowed that and so on must look at it again with courage and try to remind myself that it is my country right and look at the green and think to myself it is it is it is not just vegetation but the green represents the power of of of being able to push through soil pushed past limitations and flourish and grow that's me my flat BLAS is about the minerals but not just minerals that not in the ground but the minerals above it means you we the minerals we have the value of this land the red yes this is blood but not just blood is passionate blood is that we hope to survive it is the result to carry on it is that it is the wants to push through just see that means come to pass this less than the black the black is the Black is the nite sky that which we emerge from and we shine is the brilliant colors is wonderful and love the fruition of everything that we have on hold for it means of black for it to be visible this lack of it is my country my Zimbabwe we go through so much we we we will look like much even now but this is from within and I will fight for it I will live for it and I will stand for it this is the time that it change must happen quick standing when the sidelines and watching this slide slide and wishing for the future that you were not at all wanting to get involved in this slide yesterday that it flies is begging for you to get involved is begging for you to say something is begging for you to cry out into the wife must be we'd be in the situation that we are in this land it's your land monthly this let me thank i so as you
can see and it's certainly a very emotional video I'm even for me and but for a Zimbabwean citizen um on a regular day watching this video on Facebook on you youtube and many people then started to respond with similar comments and remarks expressing dissent expressing their own sorrow over the current state of Zimbabwe and they did so using the hashtag this flag as you can see there comes so very quickly this began to trend on Twitter on Facebook and WhatsApp groups and all throughout Zimbabwe and and they also took photos with the flight itself and so the use of the videos in public spaces in their homes starting to use the flag as a representation of descent both the online digital space and also offline and this was so strong so quickly that the Zimbabwean government actually invoked a lot to make it illegal to wear the flag itself and without receiving any kind of permission which probably would've been granted anyway so we're in Zimbabwe right now and when you can actually be arrested for wearing this flag and in the streets in his office really at any time and and I have this slide became more and more popular for several other protest groups also came and and were started in order to represent other community groups and hashtagged hasn't got which means enough is enough was more of a radical protest group that took place hashtag beat the parts which you can see
here I was a young guy with a mother's group that formed in order to fight against the in affordability and accessibility of
food in Zimbabwe bring their parts from their homes into the streets and making them as a form of protest and we also have this down which you can see here as well which is a graduate students protest groups and the physically fight against the ridiculous unemployment rate in Zimbabwe right now with 95 % unemployment so that's 5 per cent formal employment only so where the caps
and gowns in public spaces playing football selling airtime vending doing whatever they could to make it clear that they can actually find a job at this point and so all these things are sort of joining and has very serious protest groups and had very powerful implications on Twitter but also offline in the streets but also there were many more comedic and lighthearted approaches to descent and this hand hashtag this hand and that was started after a picture of a robber Mugabe's hand was circulating throughout what that groups
online and and basically was used and as a tool to kind of mock and to laugh at the ridiculous age of Robert Mugabe I'm giving his very dry and wrinkly hand and so as you can see here it as we wish hashtag this hand safe passage to the underworld movies I'm and I would definitely recommend that you check out this hashtag if you have a little bit of time and it's quite hilarious and and there also was a less political science
hashtag this pork pie which was a uh a movement that sort of started after someone went online and tweeted a picture of a pork pie and I complained about the fact there was very little pork in it anymore and coal
companies needs to create the pork pies or part produces the port pies I'm actually quickly responded and which is very very rare at this time it was 1 of the 1st time the consumer was able to go on to Twitter complain about something and actually receive feedback from them saying they would try and
improve the state of the time and is actually made it to print media and selection made a point that I I'm am right now and especially at this time that Zimbabwe and Twitter and social media and really could no longer be disregarded if you go online you're complaining about something else or if you're calling a politician on something they have to respond to you and it really did change the game on for young people to be expressed on social media in this way the back to where we were about a year ago and so all of these groups Tagen Mugabe beat the part this slide were starting to form and they were having all these small protest coming up throughout Harari but also
throughout the nation and obviously these were often met with violence as you can see there was significant evidence of police brutality even with very peaceful and small protest they were occurring throughout the city and the most successful of which was on July 6 which was a nation wide shutdown was a massive strike in which we sample civil servants as well as the private sector to stay home from work and basically rendering Harari and other
cities of a ghost town for the entire day and which was a very major success on the part of all of these protest groups they were able to come together and make such an impact obviously and this is not please the government and they needed to then reciprocate with an equally kind of oppressive acts and so about a week later they arrested pass Irvine awarded on the evening of 20 . 12 July and on the morning of July 13th we all woke up these are going online are twitter feeds and heard the news that he had been arrested and immediately across the board and everyone was outraged and without really any kind of formal organization or without anyone telling us to do so thousands began to flock to the high court to the Magistrates Court to demand his immediate release
I'm and so I actually have here to share with you an episode of the week which I am is produced by Madama TV is a weekly news roundup which is hosted by comedian comment about soap and investigated you some great footage of what went on that day life from the scene just you can get an idea that
the
the you cannot
use the roof over the frames that will come to you in a way this density in the streets of about 1 this week with only about so really being used in the text for the government to make this leg movement it's it's really an agency of this library is happening behind this week has that ever know it was lot of and is currently being held on trees in time so now we get here behind behind the the identity and solidarity with positive and we're also going to go around and here was about the rest of the planet from that time was that the the the and and you decide to get to
your and the artist pairs to do in the it can be the well we tend to take and
the Due to the end
of the year that it was it was morning of the center and the environment in the in in the in the in the in the in the in the in the in the in the in the in the in the in the world and I think the next thing I want to be in a lot of only going in and out of the way in which the
set of data from the time of the year in which I have a little more of the other than that I like to say the the the the the the the end of the you know the right the and that's the way it presents the user of a given that we have to save the property of the university in light of the of the of the of the of the of the the the country and I want you to think that I need to know the the right people at the time and the audible on the way with a lot of
if you were talking about the
use the next time outside the point of view of the house of the Lord of a contract with the
and 2 so this is the way we think and also I was thinking about the the identity of the user and the and the properties of the of the of the of what we think it is because we need to find know the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the we we we the the the
the state this is
like thing here because of the amount of light that comes in and there were like this and it doesn't have to do with this thing here with the kind of life that you can have a day or 2 at start the of the of the of the of the of the of the of the of the of the 10 along with with like the status of the technology so that the area of the of of the of the of the of the of the of the of the of of the of the of the of the of the of the players in the directory and there was a I don't have a problem and from that of the of eye on the part of the island in the
world in the in the in the problem of representing the workings of the of the of the of the of the of the things that you can reduce the amount of energy in the center and I have a I can to out there in the lecture but I know of no not all the all the the article that the universe is not enough I the always and the real artists you lots of all of this dating of the sum of the waiting of the money from the people that live in the the right the right way in the sense of fighting for the same not all we do so we get the game or a knowledge of the features of all the of the half of the of the of the of something that was not something that you and me and
so I think I
passed that you have that each of our nations involved we thank you would plot for a given inspiration and schools of people to stand together against the
injustices of the of the particularly women got the right of this
trial the log of the gradient
of just this would remind
myself
that was where I
know I know I know I know a lot of it has to go outside the point of being you know all the knowledge that we have a lot of time and you think
that we have a process that has gotten that I can do it it in that I only think about this by candlelight reading by candlelight I have to have the right so the size of the lab and that it was the weighting of the clustering of consulting with that everything in the highlands of holidays and so the people to interact with the content of regions of the and here you have figured out you think about it all right about you might not want the opportunity good with that and they and also about that hopefully right can also looking at all I have that about this at the level of and what have you get all behind
the task the set so as you can see it was a very historic day was the largest protest in
Zimbabwe in 15 years and and inversely since then we haven't seen as many have moment like this any kind of protest like this and virtually he was released but then exiled into its in Africa and into the US and although he since returned and there has been more apathy that I think excitement around these events as of right now and however and there have been a lot of young people were so taking to Twitter and taken to the Internet in order to express themselves the called so
up in my work I run a project called open parliament and so we track all these
movements is a protest movement that happen spontaneously from citizens and then we also check the work that happened in parliament and we tried to match those 2 and find patterns that match so in our work and as open parliament the aggregated information that comes froms moment Parliament the and we get a lot of engagement from young people because we delete from Parliament blow-by-blow every would everything that's happening this kind of like Johann started from Parliament harbor except it's in the form of trees so if your M P we Member of Parliament comes to to to to Parliament's junk we see that when Twitter he becomes leads always will succeed and we find that that gives young people a lot of thinking because now they're consume them at all we would have this guy ways is sleeping and we see that shift in terms of
the the patterns where as the initial protest movement will more inclined stores the arab spring type of produce we're going to overthrow the government want 1 for this government to go now would be the shift has is shifted from the the arab spring format to a more localized OK ICT change something in my community something that affects my livelihood so will give you some quick examples are so 1 of the 1 of the
initiatives was the the most well so this is an initiative that leads to the studies of Africa
as a movement as evidence of Africa which to go on the mall when network operators who increasing the deterrence on mobile networks for the for the people so we adopted this begins in January this year and I we will cut to the news that 1 of our mobile network operators it had increased the data prices by 5 100 % of tentatively making it inaccessible for all 4 in 1 so young people took to Twitter Facebook and a targeted the man in the bits of it was the minister responsible for about 4 4 that's a portfolio and but more women who cooperate and so we started
seeing a huge shift in terms of people moving from that mobile network that it increased the prices to other smaller network operators and also because the caps
tagging the minister he eventually responded he was on holiday at the time came back and he put a stop to it to those more the tree they managed to this and and actually this lesion and using social media um and then the next 1 is a little bit closer to home for us because it's a
motor Republic this actually happened in February so motor Republic is a Kulick space where we work from it's 1 by McCumber networks of then I office and motor Republic so in February the city of targeted our problem for demolition so they just showed up 1 afternoon and started demolishing the continuous basis so the building is made of shipping containers so according to our law shipping containers are not allowed to be used in construction the so the young
people spontaneously to to do so well we were dealing with the to the 2 to do data and then they started you using the motor Republic and with the time so we started giving giving online that has to go through was really was really Cheney and using that as the we jumped onto it as well and then we decided to mobilize of media to target the Minister of Local Government um target the male of and the town clerk to mobilize everyone so that we stop the demolition so we targeted them and within 3 days we had 15 thousand trees are 1 thousand 800 signatures on a petition and we had a response from the man and the minister who called for the demolition to stop and not to go ahead so up going forward we see these are small
victories leading up to bigger and
much better organized local communities grass-roots communities so Zimbabwe's going to with that harmonized elections and reading in August and use pattern of young people using social media to reclaim their vote so 14 % of Young's about winter registered to vote despite the fact that they constitute 60 % of the population so we see you shift in the way that the use social media uh the using it now to mobilize young voters to register to vote and just maybe just maybe we can have this about whether we want thank you thank
you thank you thank you
thank you yeah and for there's 1 question the students read this questions so just because we don't have much and there you make 1 question why we have already changing the limit on the stage and is there more question of should we will be of such the Hi there very very inspiring book of can ts of I of a synagogue he's been benefit was 37 years now
and the and of my my belief is that the other African leaders have a role to play in this so what's your take on a lot of money and that the other African presidents or prime ministers just to supporting his dictatorship and in many ways and not putting enough pressure on him to step down and and you and you have a ticket I totally agree with you I think I think that there is a generation event
so you have no clue what we called the readers of the front-line States notice of Africa agencies bodies and peer feared uh and and and they all kind of supported each other during the liberation movement here and when they got into power becomes maintained
that network so they actually never go against each other when it comes to influencing as policies in these countries it's actually something that the dude deliberately uh so it is that you think it's Africa it's of Africa does have a say in what happens in Zimbabwe like what happened the last time we had a government of national unity which was brokered by Tobin they key uh so it's that Africa is the biggest trading partner so it has a huge influence when it comes to what happens is about so I do think that I do have totally agree with you that if the countries ions about we put pressure on on on a government to change would have the transformation thank you we really will be the more questions but please group will be outside because we also there was a a problem of the sort we argue very family so it's too the think you many users was new mobile improvement there'll be giving you those was the will to uh congratulate you get is what you're doing is very impressive now uh what we call is that in a lot these African countries where there is very little space in this very little freedom the leaders of all astray to clamp down on and the access to the internet social media and it is said that about 50 % of the young people as above we have access to the Internet why do you think the government has not tried on that front to make it very difficult for people to go on to social media because it seems that it's working but what we know what we read is that the situation is not improving much on the political front the actually I think every bill working right now
they're working towards our clamping down about that reaction of which enforces with 20 30 minutes to talk about it but I would have talked about a new legislation which is coming out to you from the African
Union and then filtering through to Cedric which is that cybercrimes in computer a crimes below which is being adopted by all African countries apparently so it was Zimbabwe that probe which which is very ambiguous and new in the way that it the targets of its targets of social media activists alternative to people protesting today but it's very vague in its description which makes it poor so that uh someone who blogs about something and say gunmen can actually be targeted and they can use that moved to get them arrested socialism by with that Bill is actually coming on later on in this year's been tabled before parliament and it's something that we are we are we are also very much concerned about that the government is starting to clamp down on social media but also all the mobile network operators have a usual to play in Africa because 2 words in Europe and the United States government but it it is the 1 that controls the Internet infrastructure and then the question is agreed with with business in Africa it's the mn knows the mobile network operators who raised their own money so for example in Zimbabwe in across Africa liquid telecoms raises billions of dollars from investors around the world and then it invested money in creating a fiber-optic backbone across Africa and the government has 0 influence over that so unless the government comes in and says we want shut down the internet you could can stand up to them and say hey this is our operation and it affects all business so that's where mobile network operators and civil society can can have a role to play together to defend us Africans voices you I just add and also on July 6 that same day of the nation wide shutdown they actually did says they shut down the internet for a few hours and trying to basically make impossible the would there was that groups The Facebook search where and so they has already had some good success out a few instances here and there and it ever have to worry about in the next coming election on thank you author us think you wanna the
rest of the world or if the lead
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Computeranimation
Facebook
Bit
Gemeinsamer Speicher
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BAYES
Internetworking
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Arbeitsplatzcomputer
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Strömungsrichtung
Bitrate
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Gruppenkeim
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Bit
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Term
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Kugelkappe
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Love and Laughter: How Zimbabweans Rebel Online
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Teil 176
Anzahl der Teile 235
Autor O'Donovan, Martha
Dodo, Munyaradzi
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33011
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract This talk will explore the importance of social media as a platform for Zimbabwean citizens to express their frustrations through both serious and humourous hashtags, memes, live tweeting, and videos.

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