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Digital Commons, Urban Struggles and the Right to the City?

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and at that time and if you if you we want to be the
end of the word types that can ticket but not the here is a again
so I am an inventory as and doesn't headache I am with the design research of you Leuven University of the Arts and so on we yeah very broadly you
ask all process of digitalization us was a particular political processes in which rose the design of technologies so that plays a can play in this process uh we about 25 researchers and um we engage in a wide range of projects of you with possible futures and human-technology interaction um or on a different set of questions like some becomes more because and part of all surrounding
clothing um what it could learn from applying designed to need such as well below a long distance communication for deaf blind people and how we could couldn't technological devices
in different ways so apart from swiping thinking and told technology and the 2
tools can help facilitate and foster accessibility and inclusion yeah know my
name is Michael cells and tried to explain later how and how we come together because I'm working in a completely different feel that you see and it's a garden and cofounder of a place called consistent gotten some of you might know and
it's pretty close to the Austin core expect that the roughly 600 square meter of and garden project and we transform the other vacant land into this community garden and I should just show you this picture this what was originally planned and quotes that huge motorway and crossing through 1 of the densest neighborhoods in the city and the garden it's just an example of the how of fate
planning In this case the transforming the whole of a landscape uh to make it fit for the knockout transplantation how does say plan landing allowed this kind of unused spaces to be
taken over by initiatives like the thank god we turned it as as said into an urban garden which is also a place and to discuss questions of for example of our food system and the question is also related to space and it's a highly contested area and what's that uh today and we tried to work not just concentrate on practically gardening but also trying to open uh our activities to question how got relate to the city how does society relate to the countryside
and and for this we created a project of the neighborhood Academy and which is an open platform for using social and cultural exchange and we asking questions of how 1 part we want this in the city tomorrow uh especially facing multiple prices political so for quiet crisis of inequality and crisis of axes um for example as was the refugee um uh prices but also an ecological crisis and be trying to work and discuss possible alternatives and and do this on a more discursive uh artistic level but we also have practically this is an example of a building with a building right now is a DIY process was a lot of water is it's got the nobel uh that our and it is also named as a practice of common and so how can we share the basis for the common good so my presentation all kinds of
ridiculous practices where we are coming more from the technology development set and know we work together we standard together and the questions of course the that
why radio what what brings us together and the most obvious thing of the 1st of these things of course that both of these years the open and the digital art technology uh more more becoming affected by tendencies of of enclosure some of monopolization and structured by the commercial trajectories and years of dominance of market-driven development on closing the range of possibilities in the range of possible futures that we have in this year's uh 2 so in favor of a more centralized in a homogeneous models and of course we all know this from the dishes based um
where technologies on the 1 hand it is increasingly becoming the prioritize axis so for us to the road to subjectivity is to the ways we see ourselves and what we can do what we can do at the same time the ways in which we most most most of us use technology and to interact with 1 another to get information out perform almost any other activity is more and more becoming tree-structured and
predetermined put into boxes by a handful of players sources said government's not just a place to God and but by doing so for an organic way within a community and you also uh um star-crossed questions related to our food system which is usually not very diverse and not very community-based and so on and how would the picture
like this relate to a conference like that it will become and I'm not talking about TPS and factor as I talk about the general tendency of global players taking over huge views of what our what they need to be full be it's digital devices and from then in a way that they are uh make a lot of profit from it and or uh take all the data or use it for political purposes so when we talk about are formulating alternatives to monetization onto monocultures is also about expressing diversity not just as a of x technical idea but just when I stick to the example of industrialized food systems when we produce food like this is extremely functional and efficient uh on the 1 hand if you look at the numbers but of course what we don't see is what's being destroyed by doing this and what's being destroyed as for example a diversity of seeds and plants and ecosystems and in times of change like climate change and yeah we heavily rely on diversity because diversity is also for us an option to adapt to change so this is why I am in the different fields you're talking about and it's crucial from my understanding that we not just depend completely on heavenly monopolizes the uh industrialized systems but we see that we start to create spaces for diversity and alternatives so it's just a difference between this
approach the shot and Brazil monocultures tuple corn for our hunger for for media and
this is an example of a community garden right yeah temporal vastly at the different people from different communities and grow their own food so cause the many alternative practices
and approaches are on in both views and many along for for a very long time and others are just emerging from the gossip ditches spaces this place like this but you can see uh this very lively veterans of that politics come together with newcomers that's that build on this vast pools of knowledge and adapted to new technologies to solve in the dishes and we had a lot of many good examples from city tech from our citizens of the smart project like in Barcelona on new approaches to the digital
commons so 1 of the main we started in 2009 was consisting garden 2009 but was the city was a lot of weight can and nobody really knew what to do with it and it was a global uh um there was a crowbar financial crisis and it looked like that nothing much will happen so we use open spaces for a garden other people didn't for cultural purposes and so on but of course the situation changed rapidly and radically uh so the financialization of space became 1 of the main issues that we're confronted with in our everyday life usually refer refer to this process as densification and and in this situation and we see a lot of people organizing around these issues and then of course protest because they're affected immediately by being pushed out of houses and their workspaces and so on but what they also do it is
creating spaces that come together to share knowledge and and to negotiate how to act so and this is an example this is the louver um and then and then installation or and in the events organized by mistake here on uh about reclaiming where we get that different political velocity of and political movements to display and what's there and demands on and of course the speech so it is a
very important case together and for us as neighborhood Academy we see in this people being on the street not
just a form of resistance not just approach as not just being against something it's also this but it's also often and the process of what we call collective surrounding so when we go to the speed when we go to the beach a con lover could import couples that work we need people that have affected by the same and no things but we discussed we learn how things happen how 1 can organize hope and expect the house 1 can express um also alternative to what's going on
so far as it's quite so it takes a lot of sense to merge these
2 perspectives from the common stock of some of them with those of the Dutch of here and not only because logics of enclosure of all the forms of resistance are required to similar and also interwoven and but also when we look at how technology is a monomer structuring unless it's of course also structuring the way we approach space the way we navigate and moved to the cities uh but uh maybe more importantly the way we collectively produced cities perusal solving of space uh by our collective social practice and speaking about the relation of the digital and urban of course we see things like the smart city where it's about the infrastructures that are helping us controlling our everyday life and but we also see that that the tech companies more and more also become a physical layer and urban and they have and
so right now for example we are of course everybody out of your heart what happened and sentences go with real estate prices and rents after the boom in the Silicon Valley are right now we have the same situation in quotes that was big companies like Google so and using the extreme economic power to move into communities and to decide how these communities will look like in the future this just the the uh rendering of the building that someone was planning tools bills and move into 0 and it's on the very contested space was a high support it meaning for the community so we see and dead and it's not being against Tech or it's not being against business but with this market power and there's no way that the community has a role in defining how this this this would look like and it's of course dramatically um and making it harder for people to find spaces for their own businesses for their own community to cases and so on so again it's about the monopolization and process on the 1 side and a democratic fight
for access and diversity on the other yeah so of course these processes go on and they're quite strong also are often very hard and their effects on people and not just people with low income but also a lot of businesses right now and went back to the question of how to answer and 1 on so 1 important nuclear for an answer is self-organized open spaces to my opinion and so how can we create spaces that are open for everyone to be it can be it physical albeit digital and tried to find a bottom-up answer to this top down strategies so when it comes to the project we
doing together this is this is something like the starting point of the original question if this is a process that if we this thing a process of emerging of the physical and the digital and it's and by now mainly driven by top-down and projects could be possible to answer uh tool to articulate an alternative from the but what map from the community so on Monday we had testing and and this will tell you more about that the idea if we as grassroots initiative can use technology for what will be doing to organize that it's taken late what our but is about but we're also asking at the same time can we as communities on this initiative and tried to teach design checked every rovers to include ideas that are important for us specifically ideas about the comments and an excess accessibility now so my
is about the project that we
have to be doing together with many other people so that means together in Greek uh it's a EU-funded project and catch framework of friends 2 years uh and it has 9 European
partners and generally that's a attack project ICT project because it's so it's funded through an ICT scheme uh and we also focusing on networking technology by in that it's quite a lot China's as it's not about the development of a a particular piece of technology but more about the the conditions or the ecosystems that makes it more likely for others to develop their own starts to develop their own approaches to network technology in India
where uh manner um wreak quick what do I mean by the DOI networking are in general self made collectively on network infrastructure um which is possible for us to appropriate for the for the things we wanna use that for some without necessarily having to adhere to the to the other logics rules labels of the commercial providers um many of the things we experiment with more often networks meaning that we don't connect to the Internet through them but they spend the Wi-Fi and we use it to connect with each other in physical proximity so this is an example of the actually the as the princess and garden where we instead these networks for the people at the
to to interconnect with each other and to come to use applications that run them locally and with this of course we build on many groups uh examples of that I mean there's a massive amount of great work done um in different scales like modern bottles that drops so the pirate books by that that's um occupy here emollient the
bird of often you'd you would call and that or bigger networks of course like triphone of the atoms so a metropolitan one's network and which consist of things over 30 thousand nodes that are collectively on um so there's a lot of
knowledge has a lot of open source material available for us but the problem is that this is still very much connected those of of of of Hackett woman and indeed so it's very hard for people that are not particularly tax every 2 to
engage just to to demystify it into to break it open and make it all and so the goal of the project is to design toolkit which is this thing right are um which consists of low-cost off-the-shelf hardware like a raspberry pi and battery and for which the test it either design my open source software um and then deploy it as a as a downloadable image for instance for those successfully don't put it st capture a put in switched on and it works but of course it's also open for others to to change to appropriated to make something else and but of aiming
that uh at enabling the greatest amount of of amount of people to to build a proper it is that the technology for themselves as well as with a DIY approach and for the design of just to get of course
we we didn't want to sit in some laboratory and designer to give but we want to generate practical knowledge of different or different contexts from for which we engage for which we designed this for pilot studies of which discussed generators uh then there are the European cities are usually it's a pair of form design uptake institution mostly
university um which partners of a model of community and these communities includes uh enabled associations right to the city activists housing cooperatives and other connectives so each of these community partners as they are in different ways already posing questions of how we wanna live as societies the futurist um and we wanna take this question as couriers departure point of developing technology instead of focusing on the market needs to be 1 of the good stuff for some particular problem that oneself the the so so we don't have so many times so much
time left so shortly there's different pilots burden and then they would Academy is 1 and our initial thought was there is a fertile ground and burden for a lot of initiatives that are engaged in the fight for creating common so the right to the city gag if the neighborhood Academy is to also bring these different initiatives to work together and maybe also includes uh uh cross-section of forms of cooperation with engineers researchers and we want to apply the logic of what we're doing for example in the garden and other places of common name which is to not just be mapped consumers to not just to 100 % rely systems that we cannot control and that we don't understand and better but that we
instead become co-producers appropriate co-designers of such technologies so and the question opposing is with the design change when this is the process when designers and community activist work together so can we make sure that in the design and detailed ontology itself some of the ideas that are important for us community control accessibility and also the and also that these technologies cannot be commercialized so easily that these aspects become part of the thing and the thing we're
talking about as you see also doesn't look so frightening and it's the saying then the plastic back and of course like in the garden it's also about demystification of things and that is also very important for uh accessibility so we
suspect be thinking about using the on the as and I mean the idea of having your own Internet in the and an open space already an intriguing but then you have to put it to practical use and we think of using it as an archive for all the different uh I activities of you can come and see what we doing on and what we did in the past we wanna use it as a tool to manage spatial commons like the lower and we also thinking about using it for like democratic participation process especially when it comes to decisions on a piece of land that right now working on and it is highly contested so this
is 1 of the 1 of these pirates others focus more on city attack perspectives for instance but the idea is that we engage in this
process is to collaboratively build networks in the particular context of these pilots and and to learn from that practice and to transfer element of these practices the itself where our this causes of conflicts over any other learning severe into the design of this of this piece of technology that we wanna than put orders infrastructure um and yes we will learn from this pilots to to to make it possible to create something that helps others to to think the logic that we know from the incident like Wi-Fi social networking online collaborative tools and so on as something that can be built by one-third owned by themselves and also operated locally uh so right now it's a it's a it's a work in progress and we are by default hosting a couple of custom build applications like the 1 Mark just short
um and some open source applications like these events like the next lord over workers also website locally uh it's got that
parts of our users to adapt them to for instance designed basic settings like is that the names of all whether you want it to be providing instead of just operate locally and be very open for any collaboration so all of this stuff and get up and it if you like something you're interested in
these are triggered off and so for
us this is an experiment like a lot of things we're doing and it's uh um the posing the question and how much control can we have a community or as politically organized the initiative and all of the resources we need to be at the food that we eat the at the the the the space so a landscape of our city and also the next step here is that the digital infrastructure and for us it's important to understand these as processes of common this not just of
using and combining is also not just of excess for everyone I mean X is a very for everyone you can have a school and Facebook but it's about who's controlling infrastructure and who's making who has got the benefit so it always comes with the question of ownership and it's also not just about sharing was staring you notice from from cat platforms like world not in that the sharing also just means uh some few who own private the platform have a lot of control and on there also having an extremely negative impact on cities like so for us it's common thing is about collective ownership for the common good it's about democratic decision making it's about at preventing things from being commodified and commercialized and it's about the after being in the driver's seat as a community and so what we don't know what we can do is replacing the internet but we might take up with some of the utopias of the Internet of freedom and diversity and and so on and tried to implement them on a microscale in places like the neighborhood Academy nervous and so that's the basic story promoted that's pretty much it it would like to
thank you I like you don't management and we have questions I want to use and this this technique the technology that you using this is all open source is ipd also it's on the top and also the hardware parts of the respiratory on described so other communities could be uh copy this idea and we use it in practice for other purposes absolutely have to do this emitted that the hardware right all as rest very pi is not something we developed but it's not that old now but it's available you
can buy from thing 30 of 35 euros download the image and you can customize it all changes as you want the software components also the uh 3 printing fires and all that stuff is on thank you FIL
summands Chris I'm also coming from the sign few but it's actually very interesting comments common in the social progress and so on and then is changing what the finest always think it's on 1 hand yes the openness of the things we designed but on the other hand the eventually the processes and how we approach of the co-design process this the people will use these and what is your experience with this particularly in the garden project rewrite human called a lot of people were the yeah chaos I don't care about technology and so on and identity issues of conflicts of all data or how do you manage this process president of some as as in
in our particular project right now it's a very oscillating promises of Flickr in nodes so there's a there's a core team of of people from all players and here from enabled Academy and some other initiatives simple than that come together regularly and you know those decisions to be made but we try to open process so as often as we can for instance for stakeholders from other initiatives for the users of law and order to you know to discuss things with concepts get ideas but then it's I think it's important always to move back and to build something out of these ideas to have something intangibility control again in order to have something on the table and you can talk of all sorts of so again you know we see that we see we follow designers infrastructuring approach so it's not about what you're seeing a problem analyzing it and and assigning a solution for because that's of course fairly impossible in this in this case so it's a small part of processing of designing the props so others to take part in this process so that we become part of these processes disposes become part of all us and that's a challenge and this of course contradictions and conflicts and that and that's that some of that something we refocus on the realism take place for was of our research that's
the the bigger you can
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Digital Commons, Urban Struggles and the Right to the City?
Serientitel re:publica 2017
Anzahl der Teile 234
Autor Unteidig, Andreas
Clausen, Marco
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/32969
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Today, the struggles for open and democratic access is highly relevant – both for the the urban as well as the digital: we can see globally networked and yet diverse struggles towards the strengthening of digital and urban commons, which are contrasted and challenged by accelerating processes of privatization, control and profit-oriented development. This talk will elaborate on the interdependencies of the „right to the city“ and the “right to the internet” and show how we explore the space in-between DIY networking and critical urban practice in a current EU-research project.

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