“The other 6 billion” - Impact entrepreneurship in developing countries

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“The other 6 billion” - Impact entrepreneurship in developing countries
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While the world is still looking at Silicon Valley, the real innovation happens in developing countries. Coworking Spaces, Innovation Labs, Maker Spaces, Incubators are popping up in many of those buzzing cities full of chaos - and innovation. The sheer amount of problems to be solved in these cities and countries leave unlimited opportunities for entrepreneurs. The challenge to beat, to establish a dynamic and successful ecosystem, is the lack of knowledge and experience in the country. Most of the players, from government over investors to entrepreneurs, don’t have the necessary access to the best practices from other places. That’s where “homecomers” play a significant role: often...
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it was the it the the the the the and the would
path out it
afternoon everyone impact and innovation can
not happen in isolation into requires collective action in fact to be we all are always talking about ecosystems innovation impact but in fact in our daily life sometimes it's not reflecting that we also wanna to that globally we always think we want to do it globally but a lot of times also people here in western Europe are forgetting about the other 6 billion in the world and that's why we chose to speak about the 6 billion 6 villain what does that mean we are having again 7 . 3 billion in the world 6 billion out of them are actually in developing countries quick facts weird 3 organizations in asia that's where we also have quick facts of each other but of course in those 6 billion we also have our friends from Africa from Latin America which are also here because you can speak with a lot of global people also here because we are from the Global Innovation gathering at the maker space but back to this slide why should you care about is 6 billion people the because cells are you to opportunities people there or the talents there are people you want to collaborative with for example so these days is getting younger in fact for example in the Philippines we have 52 per cent below
25 years old can you imagine 53 per cent in 105 million population County below 25 years old imagine this creativity and this talents which are out there well
again 40 4 . 3 billion are living nation not all of them are of course developing countries the middle classes also growing for example in China with that of course the spending power is growing meaning also for the end of a nurse here in this room morals that Republican Tom forget them markets in Asia or in the other developing crop and countries mobile internet penetration Asia is really growing fast more than 50 per cent are using already intranets Of course the that also investments are coming in and also in ups dotted thing what we also want to talk about is where tackling real problems again those are developing countries and people will might have been here the from the for
the for the talk previously he so those are real problems right it's not just marginal it's huge we're talking about the sensors which we can find solutions for and those are also markets which which we here in this room can tackle and of course with that also we have more innovation
incubation spaces not as much as
in Berlin so that's hard for the next 15 minutes you'll hear to your organizations and then you have still plenty of time hopefully armed to do Q and a
and the concerned the cofounder of impact of Manila and maybe share small this story a personal story and half Swiss and half will be
on-site mappings with 3 lines 27 years long I was there and the sex that is really the is y or the talents in this developing countries especially in the Philippines I why I really wanted to go back to the Philippines and spent time there so what did they do or what did we do with my co-founders we joined in 1 of the largest and a binaural networks worldwide it's called impact of who knows impact of so have some I is of their call
her fire aboard the ones don't know impact on armor we're really a cross between innovations and the global network incubating coworking spaces so we
we believe that entrepeneurship has a positive impact in the world we created last year 5 thousand 300 jobs and not have some fun things and programs
etc. and in the Philippines we have 6 coworking spaces we're doing this with our partner games he solutions and also to give you may be a small inside of that normally coworking spaces are also in the cops have 1 big hop in 1 city I may be bigger Hobson in some areas of the city the solvents especially money allowed has 16 cities with the 15 million people 4 7 kilometres going from 1 point to the other you need sometimes you always I know for a for people in Britain you can imagine that also versus person is like 0 my god 7 kilometres into hours just like all so that's why we also that OK KB counters have 1 hobby we need to have 6 hubs and that's why this is a difference also also from Berlin for example or for a developed country to developing country you need to look at the market you need to ask your users what do you really need and people of course were responding that they don't want to travel to work for a lecture for like 7 geometers the the other thing which we discovered also is we again we have a lot of talents in the Phillipines a lot of and there's also a lot of tech
plenaries by the way but we can have humanity incubation programs or incubators we have just a few 1 of them is also here j from large crashes a from the Philippines um and that that a KB once due to different incubation programs we do for example in infrastructural verticals that's a for energy your mobility or for women or a we also collaborative for startups Asia Berlin I to bring people from Berlin also plays a to explore how it is how it is there the other topic which I said before his
tackling real problems and again this does not need to be only Filipinos for Filipinos this can also be Germans for Asians for Asians for Germans whatever so for example so this is a Dong company they wanted their our 1st when 4 and 1 of our incubation programs for mobility this called sky I they're having Jones it and the cool thing about this is 2 things 1 dB of Jones 2nd but also the used because we're having around 24 typhoons every year and the doors are also used to see and oversee the areas which people should not live in because there will be it on the water will just come again the Texans will just hit them and that's right for example we're using drones
another thing we're also doing or we want to do is a super inspiring to be in Berlin because we also see how many core presence of how many organizations are actually in the innovation field we don't have that this also means it's a huge opportunity right so we're trying to be a really inclusive and that's why we're having a lot of like innovation and incubation on uh workshops here to 1 is with Citibank and 1 and 1 with LDC so what I want to say or highlight deleterious again there are
so many opportunities to collaborative with and this is 1 of my favorite quotes never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world indeed is the
only thing that ever has everything we see everything we can touch every software everything we see is just always it always started to switch you start the human come with it with someone of this room and let's really try to create more impact in more innovations in at really global to that's my share and of course now I would love to have for Sanaa on stage few 19 afternoon and many images on the
founder and CEO of spike allowed the design and innovation have based in Manila colony broke ground about 4 years ago spark lab was imagined as a space of possibilities and the space of possibility especially for young people so as part not is a research and development space where we imagine the future of education what new models for engagement for student success and free teaching and learning can be come up with you know I always use a series of slides and like when you look at
other industries for example the aviation industry and you see how much is changing how much in Bayesian has occurred within the span of a hundred years for example or even in
communications technology for the
telegram to getting messages
from all over the world that of the phone and
when you look at the classrooms of 100 years ago and that the classrooms of today's it's
really quite sad because the exactly the same and even invaded so many sectors of society but not education and that is
problematic it's problematic because the kids were teaching today another gives you a teaching them 20 years ago and sometimes this results in a little bit of confusion as you can see this slide
or even at 1st ratio and irritation on the parts of kids as well as parents and the tricks and so expert that
we are only free space where on the 1 hand we conducted workshops for kids on steam so we do robotics products we do e-textiles wearable technology we teach about being designed and coded on but the focus is really on creating these playful gamified learning
experiences so that kids can always be a wonder with the world around them and so that they can also become producers and find creative solutions to local problems so just some sparkle
lab we wish to reimagine what winning will look like and that doesn't necessarily mean schooling because we think of education more broadly it's ecological it happens at the home it happens in school it happens in the park in the playground and the supermarket we are trying to sow the seeds for a more playful creative society by using for example the unified learning experience as Armed brawls also reaching out and having kids us solve problems by giving them design challenges which may affect the sectors of education and the public health or civic participation for instance arm but more
importantly I we really try to foster feeling of empathy among the kids right and telling them that are technology is only as good as the humanity so our kids have worked with on people who would have survived through disasters for instance they've done collaborative film-making I with these kids they've done outreach programs for and try to develop poisonous is this technology for kids with disabilities for instance and so the vision is reading arm that off creating an incubation space with 4 kids where young people can up can come up the solutions but for problems that kids and teens face on so here's thank you very much it's a little bit about what the collapse of the ones
in your notable there few hello everyone my name's the and I'm from the pulp community and and who are we so community as a really young were about a year and a half old and at what I find really brilliant about the entire organization is the premise behind innovation the idea that we have is that disaster can become a catalyst for innovation especially in a resource-limited
country like Nepal so that means that when countries have to rebuild their lives with limited resources that they're that much more creative that's the assumption and what we're doing at community here is creating a research center in harnessing some of that ad hoc innovation that's emerging in rural context in Katmandu itself and seeing if we can convert some of these brilliant ideas into successful small businesses the kind of the not a big
but we're only a year and a half old so I'm hoping to connect you the good with books are going to help me get there and help us get there some we do that we have a maker space we have this workshop that some people in this room helped as put up during a maker for last year and it has welding equipment carpentry electrical so the the core equipment and basically we also have 3 branches and drones and all that great step and it's really a space for people to come and bring in their projects to prototype and design and iterate and iterated iterate and get to a point where maybe you can go to market and we also have a training lab and we provide coaching and mentoring and some coworking services as well as 1
it's really interesting about Nepal is even prior to the 2015 earthquake there was that growth of entrepreneurship and then these social enterprises were being initiated by young the police in their twenties educated in a pop so this was not you know and applies last like my husband came back but these are Nepali young there's saying I'm ready I'm ready to give it a try and ready to take the risk I have a really great idea and that's just evidence that there's a lot that can be accessed in the developing world there's a lot of stuff that's open source there's a lot of exchange that's happening there's a lot of cross cultural collaboration and they're accessing it and the hacking and they're building and they're doing some brilliant work so when community there really came
came up it was actually the timing was really brilliant because the community was ready for a maker space they're ready for an innovation have and what we do is we engage people when they're makers and what we want to do is take them through this process and the see if we can make them and convert them coach them into becoming successful businesses we don't provide funding what we do is we connect them to the seed funding that's needed to get them to the next level the as you can imagine in a country where there's a lot of eager young people wanting to some sort of interest Social Entrepreneurship that the groups that are funding them are really looking for them to be at a certain level and so that's what we're doing we're trying to get them to a point of writing is to be able to absorb more substantial funding so 1 of the
most exciting things that we did last year is grammar Geraldine from the go-go in a British innovation gathering is we have the very 1st mandatory make a fair and this was attended by 15 hundred people both international and locally in the Pollock
and in the midst of torrential monsoon rain we held a brilliant celebration of how the maker movement can really be applied to the humanitarian sector and some of the projects that were showcased is a virtual reality project that really looked
at how can disabled communities access the Marleah's which so difficult to go tracking the how can we actually happening increased tourism for communities that don't have access to
it we have a young man here from the Robotics Association Nepal who's completely did this team had knows how to build drones with local parts and pieces instantly they are able to have things and we build them for a fraction of the cost and we have a hydroponics project which was about how to basically grow and produce food in non-seasonal times so it's and it's basically addressing food security in the past we had a young man no engineering background at all but as a result of the earthquake had to and a few people in this community who were disabled and in the power you each with your hands he was watching people eat with their feet and he just had to do something about it so he came up with the feeder and messages see in the corner there 1 of the most brilliant prototypes that he came up with simply because he was committed to this idea that he needed to address in his community and we had women who were welding and we just had really brilliant celebration and this is just the cost of what's possible in a part of this is the very 1st time we did this
what's happening now and actually is not recent but migration is a huge huge challenge for Nepal right now there's about 18 hundred people who leave the country every day across the spectrum mainly low-skilled laborers and we've got the brain drain so people are leaving the country to get higher education better jobs and majority of them are men take over 90 % of land 95 % so could and villages where there's no man known young men there you've got elders got children in you have women that's all that's left and this is this is happening to fulfill been happening so this is what we're seeing now
in our space which is really dynamic and to date we have not received any significant donor funding so that means we're community responsive not donor driven and what that allows us to do is truly see who's coming into our space and what are they doing so we see more and more young women come in
and start brilliant project so here pretty that was here at Republic last year and she is 1 of the founders of a group called Ms. tech she's now doing her
MBA in technology and business brilliant choose the 2nd cohort in this 1 university that's doing this project program and we've engaged her to see if the 3 D printing business is viable in the past so we started at 3 D printing lavish is part of the design team along with partner so there is a need for a question about whether we can engage women and ice ICT sector in the past can they fill avoid that's there and where men are gone and the question that I have I'm not a techie so I'm really curious and a very patriarchal culture what is committed a gender roles and historically we see this all the time where men leave women filler labor gap and what is that due to their identity their role their sense of empowerment so this is the this is a wonderfully interesting time in the park where a disaster economic shifts are presenting themselves in really wonderful opportunities for women and so we're going to see now is our stays conducive to presenting an enabling women to to enter a sector that's traditionally not a career opportunity for them and see what it does over time to gender roles of as as well I was just in that I think we have some time initialler fun video as the sum of the young people
doing some stuff genomic affair the so we have this
summit where we prepared the
makers to demonstrate an exhibit and pitch
their projects this is part of that summit the good and it
and so on and
so on and you
you you you you
you you and not a young women I think that the young women at the end of the this is the kind of joy that actually comes out of making which I'm sure you are quite aware of and so this is basically what community is all about just monitored open it up to any questions you guys might have for any of us here
mn and
the 1st was aware of on the onslaught of research or would like to know about your scarcity years withdrawal motivation and draw businesses which probably came up all the scarcity and maybe more tolerantly artist you really to the and so 1 of the big scarcities right now is access to finance this is by know that's going up the type of answer your looking for but right now the biggest challenge right now is there's a huge growth in interest in entrepreneurship and access to finance and capital is 1 of the biggest
challenges and the scarcity right now is also in the power itself is still the labor Michael all like we get to our carpenters electricians from India and then are skilled labor goes to the Middle East the and so there's a huge need to build our skilled labor and build a market a fair market to pay them appropriately just so that they stay in the house the
but and the and cancel presentation some of IT also question around supporting small businesses and entrepreneurs once as businesses have been established registered and we often see these businesses fail very quickly so what steps or measures or strategies you guys implementing make of make them more likely to succeed and continue to exist and thank you very thank you very much for that question OK great I think you know the wolves failing and getting up again or
whatever I'm I think it's very similar to also that these kind of markets here I think what they're 1 of the big differences is that for example seed funds or these your angels are not really existing what does exist alarmism is mentorship and skill development programmes so so that that that we're trying with these programs also to ensure that they can run all the way from a what we also see if they'd you fail so so maybe 2 things if the fails sometimes they also join the corporates because sometimes they're like small 1 people and Innovation departments here I guess they're like 20 30 40 50 people in 1 innovation department but there is maybe 1 person then and it failed and a ponderous joined corporates as as those innovations that staff and the other thing which which we also see for example is yes of course everyone is always talking about unicorns but maybe also going back to that some questions cars the a lot of and enterpreneurs are also doing it because of the impact and also because they want to create not just not light field but like they want to create a solution they don't want to create the next unicorn so so that's why it also keeps them sometimes longer life and not that fast because they don't need to be the next billion company the there
was a question over here so we but you won't work the where the 1st row of the 1st about a moment but also must be I know I was here and my questions to which you mention briefly there about the support system of the existing not wars of this amendment were men tossed is that that exists enough in the pollen Philippines is there enough support to pull up the these young people that will be the extent to and in the pilot I don't think there's enough with the type of initiative that's taking off so there's a lot of started says a lot young people
who want to sort of build up their ideas and there's a few really successful wonderful entrepreneurs that I meant trying a lot of these goods and I think there's really just from really and so lot of times what what needs to happen is ongoing coaching and mentoring and that doesn't seem to be as sustainable as we'd like it to be 1 of the things that I think I was talking to some of its fears at least in Apollo collaboration is really challenging so there's a lot of people people overly protective of their ideas and so even if you come in to say look I wanna help you I wanna build a partnership of when I get you to the next point there's a lot of hesitation because that she you know young people were brilliant seeing that the ideas as can be exploited so that's been a bit
challenging and to build trusting relationships so that we can sort of coach mentor groups I think I agree absolutely with bar the other thing is that they only to be meters from the city right so they can make to talk
again about involvement or to talk about engagement there are so many cross regional or cross nation all programs which are happening in inorganic Berlin's informatics start from there is like a problem which is schools start Asia Berlin where people from here are travel and also from bond the law to pardon and Minnelli money are traveling around the globe to actual cement there each other so it does need always to be localized on the whole mentorship but it can be all of us talking or collaborating with with each other so please make use out of that and the other thing which which I would like to also point out to be involved is not just some skill development right for example slide up here you can also for example prototype in in in developing countries you can also tackle these markets or again like prototyping from all URI or whatever development or whatever you want so there's so many different planes somehow you can indeed be involved and I think also for for younger kids and 4 in that connect educational system true optimal also clever the hold the whole would they do that on the wrong
probably quite a few we that we could collaborate on Lake 1 would be
sees sharing of knowledge and skills and so on if you for instance of a project that you to bring to young people in the Philippines Cyrillic teacher workshop itself we would love to have you over arm so that 1 capacity another 1 is that some 1 of the visions of sparql that is we is that we want kids in an international setting to be able to join together in a community of practice and mentor 1 another and create all these wonderful projects together and so on and he did not only after a little bit more about this but the 1 of the things that we want to do is maybe get kids from from brilliant from Manila from Tokyo from of bungalow come together and I think of solutions to local problems as a team and to make it super easy I mean just join
groups like Global Innovation gathering or impact our foryour you know to talk to us thinking thank you and if there are more questions and if you're interested talk with longer in the main hall at the Pew bus that the make space there's also all this release will be there to answer questions have I sort just a closing remark I remember a few weeks ago we had the women g 20 summit that was the 1 where the bunker trans that she is a feminist and again I thought of
maybe it's time that they're all these levels
growing together the world bank wants to developing women entrepreneurship programs I don't know how far away these ideas are but I think these grassroot on that level has to connect as was just an idea to close enough thank you for being here more questions at the
Pew plus I'm sure there are more questions in the room but 1st I think you all 3 of you for being here
and around the time
crime and and