Cadasta: Securing Property Rights with Open-Source

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Cadasta: Securing Property Rights with Open-Source
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Seoul, South Korea

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Much of the world currently does not have secure property and land tenure rights. Communities and individuals need low-cost tools to enable them to advocate for themselves. The Cadasta Foundation is building an open-source platform to securely enable these groups to document their land rights. This talk will review the design decisions taken into account, the technology underlying Cadasta, and the future road map. Individuals interested in land rights management and/or the challenges in implementing technology in difficult environments will be especially interested in this presentation.
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hi everyone and so I'm insight about the could ask the foundation today as well as the canister software platform so
what we are building is rebuilding open source platform to help communities document their land rights and this is focused primarily in places where people don't typically have legal rights to their land so for example I'm from the United States and we have this idea of your formal title you indeed about 70 % of the world actually does not have that sort of formal very defined rights to where they live
so it that land tenure which we talk about quite a bit is either legal or historical or customary rights to property of this can be anything from actual is the land to mineral rights to water rights if to 1 of my favorite examples is 0 of property rights example is you can have a scenario river tree and maybe someone has the right to pick the proof that falls from the tree but they don't have the right to pick the fruit from the tree and maybe someone else has the rights to the shape so it starts to become sort of a complicated like temporal geospatial problem at so is
employed to as right to use what resources at both rights and responsibilities and restrictions and as I said it's not just about land of those I would say probably the majority of our scenarios are actually about land the so as I said the majority the world is
not have secure rights to the land and over a billion people living in urban slums don't have rights to where they live and documenting in digitizing that those rights is are very slow but there's a lot of proprietary solutions that are quite expensive I'll end people who have the least right also are often exploited so we believe there is a better way beyond is just moving from paper but
also to low cost open source solutions so they acted after so so a foundation that supports development software through open source tools as well as data as well as rebuilding a community and doing nothing and primarily gonna talk actually about part suffer platform so what we're building and is we're building a platform online where you can go collect data of and the imagine the people that I spoke about the don't have security the lands they probably also don't have fast Internet collection maybe they don't use a computer and so what's important is figuring out how you can actually collect data and then somehow get it online and then do something useful for it with it for those people and so were basing things on top of the can anyone familiar with C can few people but not a which is not geospatial software but the can is open a data portal software primarily used for Open Data a lot of national governments use it for the data publishing sites for example in the US Data . gov is run on c can I did it . gov dot UK is run on the can is supported by the Open Knowledge Foundation and what we're doing is we're wrapping that would no JS and the reason is that the can has an OK API and it also has detailed permissions but there is parts we wanted to add beyond that and I believe it's very important when you're building technology that your API 1st 1 of the main reasons is we know that we're not going to build all the tools that people need so other organizations other people we want them to build on top of what we're doing and then the back into that is post just 3 do do some PostgreSQL PostGIS said due to subdue geospatial as initially were integrating with open dyadic yet of that it is a the platform that allows you to make dynamic forms others a standard called XLS forms which you can easily make a formant excels and then you uploaded to Europe and etiquette server and the new data collectors can download that down to the phones go collected offline and think that back up were also looking at working with steel papers as well since a very i have mobile and computer based solution it doesn't work well for community mapping but so another component by using field papers is built print a large map go and ask people where where properties are and then be older digitize that later and I should be clear that were not the ones doing asking were partnering with people that are already working in the land space who made up aren't so good at technology I I find a lot of people you know they had this idea that they should be using imagery this idea that they should be using mapping but they don't know where to start and so some of them start to build their own platform but it's not very sustainable because they they they pay a contractor to build it and then the grant money ran out those sources in areas that the cause a lot of software not to be maintained so were working with those groups to help them so they can use technology at so at
as I mentioned the bars offer a stack of income 1 that is rebuilding ingestion engine and so to start with through supporting open dedicate known as well as uploading files in Excel what we want building use all the mobile data collection applications where the suffer in general so you can build an adjuster so they can connect share data entry into the class a platform all the so we're using open dedicated dedicate and were also using form of about whether things about of is there's a lot of work to i it's only an interesting thing to look at as far as the a decayed community because why that is and all of those works have a different name and you start to look at them in a row this looks really familiar it so the cat but anyway form of is supported by a company they very Kenya and has been quite a few more features so that's why we decided to use that so data structure and it it's this complicated because was so so there's an ISO standard 4 of the land tenure it's about 150 pages I think it cost me to euros there's something and if you look at it hello every possible scenario but then if you start to look at down what you actually need typically this idea of a person are community in and something like a piece of land and then there's the relationship between the 2 of them so we boiled it down to that and so were using structured data for that aspect of it the study of a person some and something that exists some more such as land but the lines all the other dynamic attributes to be collected as well and the reason for this is we wanna create a you know a worldwide canasta where In an ideal situation we also want people to collect private data that they might keep to themselves so if you can imagine as
lenders letter it's is very complicated by having open data you can actually endanger people in something the but there's other situations where you doing advocacy and I think a great example of this comes from the of OpenStreetMap in the not Canberra project where a group of people worked in 1 of the largest slums in Kenya in inner Canberra and put themselves on the map it's a way of saying we're here but but sometimes you don't necessarily want to say that so we we love open data but were making sure users on the data and I think that's a really important and thing 1 of the benefits of being a foundation it is we can do we can really say were fans of open data but is your data and you need to decide what to do with that and in so where an were working to build
a community we are in very early days classes only existed since January of this year I only joined the team in April this year and the Aldridge our user community manager only joined last month and so were moving slowly and trying to figure out how really engage with people I'm coming to conferences like this to engage the technical community but also how he engages communities that are going be using our software as well time so I've talked mostly about in informal communities steps of rights but we still we do 1 American governments as well of and so the 1 example of that is in working with communities to document the land there are processes to formalize your land depending on what country you're in so what you need to do is essentially collect information and and have a form so imagine if you print out that form a more automated way but we also work with donors were primarily funded by the media network and if you're familiar with 2 pure many areas he was the founder of the bed so it's a personal foundation of working with community-based NGO this as I mentioned the group's already doing land work in many countries and then I feel like developers technologists in the geospatial geeks so it goes together really so what's ahead the so were still were building software but were a little
bit in the hand hand-wavy stage because we haven't released anything if you go to the caste organization and yet have you can see that there's active development going on and and so when september now we're going to start saying release the partners in October and restrain work on pilots this year as well as we were working with a couple of big this existing groups of potentially work in Colombia maybe no Paul and the Eastern Africa and then in the summer this year or in a dual completely public launch and then that'll be when you can really get in and use the software but if you happen to be in the Washington DC area were having a lot party it's December 10 that let me know and I'll make sure you're invited the and there's a lot of ways to get involved with us 1 way is that you can work with uh were currently hang a graphic designer of the were being behind some engineers early next year and these are all positions at a plant and as well as were participating in our reaching at so our Ricci is a program T underrepresented groups involved in open source if the paid 12 week internship and it works very similar to Google Summer of Code the next round about Ricci starts in December of this year so if you know anyone would be interested in it's an internship working in open source but it does not have to be coding it could be coding they could be documentation people demarketing there's all sorts of different potentials internships arm that someone could potentially do with us I personally I'm hoping that we might do a cue just plug just because I think that's really something that in our current plan for this year that's missing that could be really beneficial but it will be at a Ricci opens at the end of the the end of this month and so if you know anyone else please that point to point them a and as I said is completely open source of it meet some requirements that you have and because for Côte Drupal request those sorts of things as well or just by using if no 1 uses what we're building you know not very useful in and so am I was extended to build a share this with you today that we have some structure to the tech were building we have stuff going on and get have been like this said word the can be launching this December 10 have publicly where anyone can use it any questions so this the the and so when you're so the imagined you try property boundary if there is no other data you can draw property that and so you could make a beautiful laughter that and a lot of the maps that are Donna a hand sketches the aren't your reference so we certainly want to work with OpenStreetMap of were big fans of the missing maps project I certainly analyze OpenStreetMap so I think I will definitely be doing something as figuring out what other than probably for writing it is not clear I is part of that gonna depend on Indian pilots of these communities because we really don't know how people are he's the software Interleaf actually had the music the know we go on the the next you know and so on so this would be the the we what the the the the the you know that was yeah I I think there will be a point were governments if we do things right we will use for building I am in working with communities a lot groups do legal advocacy to government and apply for them to have those rights of which wouldn't be us necessarily working directly with them since we would actually you'll be there on on the ground and so I definitely think we want to work with Governments we also want to republish existing open cast industrial data as well so as that's available in some places tha and the yeah definitely that's TGS point you'll be great if you could go that way thank you very much I'm also I was recently working on that volcano in Africa model garments Uganda gain insight and what this is I ran into there was people living in national parks I've mapped them but in this atlas was that we just made this last week and 3 strong calls from government IUCN that well we probably shouldn't formally show people living in National Parks because of its was to be all these sorts of things and just that but there's other places where governments are other groups don't want to be talking about these sorts of things that I think but very important that sort of background groundwork before are you get into those things important what's your experience with that and how do you plan on handling that sort of issue so all preface that with I'm a CTO and are able but and we do have people who were really experienced LAN administrators and and that you who were responsible for working on those things such as bedding partners and designing programmes those sorts of things but there's certainly ethical this certainly ethical issues where you know someone maybe they don't have legal rights but the ethics of the government right are they write it is very difficult but I'm not sure you technology is not neutral and and I think of something really important to think about but I think we have to manage that through relationships I think 1 of the diff most difficult things is you as technologists we often want a fix problems with check but it's usually a social problem so I think that's really gonna come down to the groups that we work with and how effective effective they are at dealing with the social problems of if you use of existing