Web Literacy: How Wield the Web

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Web Literacy: How Wield the Web
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Learning and making are political. Technology will replicate the power dynamics of the past unless we learn and make with technology differently. The way we’ll create social change is through peer learning that is served by, but not subject to, technology. Web literacy enables us to wield the power of the web on our own terms.
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so if you if and
this is someone says don't google something then of course the 1st thing to do is like the rest of the and check it out I'm young men Michel Bon as the pleasure to be here and in the last stages of Republika of for the next few minutes I'll go to share a little bit of
reflections around web literacy and how we can help the next billion web users to use the Web will our world circuit we talking about zero-rated acts and how to be produces on the web and after this there's also a lot of years so stick around get and years together I was to quickly start off so how long how did I get here were why we here today aware that this journey began for me at least my interest and In these topics started with the project you might know called Wikipedia it's about 10 years ago I convinced my mother to take me on the train to Frankfurt where I heard that the Wikipedians were meeting each other for the 1st time and so there was no crazy project this encyclopedia where anybody can contribute in their language their knowledge and I was like this is such a beautiful concept and so were sitting there having lunch with my Serbian mathematicians and these medical activists in Africa and they were talking about how they wanted to create a world in which anyone could contribute their knowledge and help to build this project together I'll and Wikipedia really became the starting point understanding that participation online actually 1st starts with ability to read something in your language and then you discover that you reading that there's this edit but this idea that you can actually be able to you
can add to that knowledge and through that creation you start to participate In the communities that help to grow and foster that ecosystem so consumption and leads to creation and leads to participation and I wanna talk a little bit about how that journey I think inspire us to think about how the next billion web users as they come on line can be producers as well but we face the challenge so if I told that story you know today if I want myself 10 years ago by were some let's
say of girl in India I getting her 1st smartphone incoming online for the 1st time my mobile Internet experience would actually
look completely different I probably would have access to knowledge in my language and I 1 even be able to you I could find something in my language I probably could even add anything to it my creation of participation would be extremely limited so I wanna talk about the challenges of the mobile Internet today and how we might be able to solve the this so at the start of this year nearly 1 in every 3 people in the world has an online connections and that's nearly double that or what what it was 2 years ago and in a few years time we're gonna be looking at another billion users coming on line and mobile phones are the way that these people are
accessing the internet another mentioned this can be exciting this is the path to social and economic opportunity we all know that that's why we're here Republica we're excited about technologies but also the mobile reality for these people coming online is completely different than the web that we know and that's disturbing and that prevents a lot of challenges yeah so the kind of Internet that the next billion users are seeing is a read only internet I don't know if this and is going to help them improve their lives it that's going to have things that interest them if they're going to have the same opportunities that we had to shape the Internet that we know today that what phase of these next billion Web users is really not a space of creation or participation it's primarily a consumption space and a consumption space that's not even in their native languages so we're fine we're familiar with
permission free protocols with read the reading the read write blocks of HTML and open publishing platforms but this does not exist in the mobile space so the promises of the World Wide Web are being fulfilled today so why is this and while the not the 1st person that Republican vector no not the 1st to talk about the fact that the they're slowly a growing number of kingdoms who control the keys to participation online the walled gardens of our time actually become walled empires they've grown in power and influence we see that would help look can in 30 Google can exert an enormous number of amount of influence on the apps that end up in that story apples doing the same thing with i West Microsoft and its Windows phones the today if people are creating something online they have to go through these gatekeepers this is the reality of the next billion web users if and no doubt you're very familiar with the challenges of the walled garden so I won't speak much more about that but I want to talk about the trend you may not be so familiar with this trend I think proposes an equally big challenge for the next generation of creators and producers online and that challenges called 0 rated at so you might the best example of what zero-rated apps looks like is Facebook so what Facebook does is it makes deals with some telcos and says provide our
service for free to your users and in places where apps word data traffic is extremely expensive this becomes a huge offer for people to be able to serve and access a service for free with no extra data charge that is what zero-rated means but we can be tempted to say this is a great thing access you know access to any Internet service is a great thing especially for people that arch that have challenges to getting online but what I wanna show today is a warning of where that actually might fall short and where we might not be giving people the same opportunities to participate in creating that we have and when we started to come online so zero-rated out yes there is an enticement to say you know come on line of but here in the sense also be an online in in an online garden in those in a walled and or sorry a walled garden where you don't actually where you have to pay to leave it so when you get an external link for example in your Facebook stream the says check out this news article a check out this other site you then get a pop-up that says In order to navigate their year a have to pay extra so of course the incentive is to stay inside the walled garden because cost becomes really prohibitive to travel elsewhere on the Web and this is hugely problematic and this of course the benefits for people connecting in communicating on facebook but it's there's limits that if it's the only service that people have access to and we have data that shows millions of people that they already think that Facebook is the internet and that's a huge challenge to democracy to civic participation to just general creativity and economic success if people think Facebook is the Internet and 0 after helping to reinforce that idea that we're going to look at a very limited future but what all things there's hope so the 0 rate is is is the is the threat is a trend that we should pay close attention to you and I would argue should fight strongly to have more services be provided ought to be provided in more neutral way so there's more competition more options choice for people coming online but what I'd like to share next year 3 tactics in my opinion that can help the next billion web users to read write and participate online those tactics are local content tools for creation on the Web and thirdly participatory learning so to start out with local content and have you guys have about had this experience of trying to um the
participate in a conversation where you didn't speak the language so maybe you showed up I don't know in a Japanese chat room or sat down with a bunch of people speaking Arabic and use like I don't know what is going on here this is the feeling that of many people experiencing when they're coming online they don't have content in their language and so if they're not able to access content in their language they can read they can't listen they're not able to then later participate so having constant that's available in people's native language is a huge step on the path to creation and participation and this is the place where were lacking immensely so for example over the going back to India as an example the top 10 sites all in India based on traffic only 2 of them I Rep are fully in the insights that's the India times and of mobile shopping site called flip part the rest of the top 10 sites in India are properties from Google Facebook Yahoo and Wikipedia so we can do when we see this similar trends in language and on and natively made sites all over the world with pretty much only the exception being China which has enough length less that has a kind of own linguistic ecosystem so we should ask ourselves are we going to continue to have these and non English native-speaking non-English speakers the disadvantaged or can we give them tools to start to create and the of content in their own language if so the Republic of these is about finding Europe and I actually think that linguistically
speaking Europe can be a huge leader in this space so on 1 knows a little bit about empire thanks to Europe so free previous empires you're actually holds the key to many of the world's languages Spanish French Portuguese excetera these are languages that are spoken by huge portions of the population and Europe can lead the way in fostering content being shared and created those world languages that's 1 aspect will your Camille linguistically there but secondly I think for a more compellingly Europe identity is strongly based on supporting its minority languages there's all in all the Member States have languages letters given rights to be equal citizens in the European Space and in this sense I see Europe's potential here to really lead the way in helping linguist building tools that are localized practices that are localized and insisting that languages be treated equally and be treated in the fall and foster a culture of multilingualism online this is really a place I think your
could lead the way as a union all in my
in my own work with Mozilla we also see linguistic inclusion as being a huge of a huge enabler so with the browser Firefox when it was 1st launched a few years ago now decadent good 2nd half ago of and then we saw that language is actually a key key to its adoption so really a lot of underrepresented languages where I start starting get Firefox in their language of a product that was talking to them in their language and volunteers were localizing it and actually many key in some cases revitalizing a language that had come under threat in times of technology they start to revitalize it by localizing the browser into into the language the word started get new and fresh meanings and people started to communicate digitally in a language that hadn't been digital before so in this way there's a huge opportunity to translate the tools on that help people access online but then once they get so they feel comfortable coming to mind but then once you have the products localize we also need content and conversations that people can participate in in their languages and I think this is a place that it are different capacities we could contribute to a monthly so that's 1 1 tactic for the next billion web users of mobile content logistic support water the the 2nd tactic tools to create on on mobile so we really need to invest in ways for people to create online in using their mobile device this is still an area that's quite and if it is in its infancy so if you imagine a world maybe you know a few years from now artists and businesses and schools and all sorts of institutions are able to create and control their digital wives from their phone and this is the thing we don't see how with very crippled I announced not happening so 1 is use future where people are able to create from the device directly but how can we actually go about creating that choice in creating the opportunity for them so in many countries were talking about where the next billion are coming online most of the most desktop computers are prohibitively expensive and hard to come by but your phone and and so therefore that like an AFP thoroughly backup so people had like access layers computers are quite expenses and most app development today happens on computers on desktops and these are prohibitively expensive which means that access to be able to create apps is also is prohibitive from for many people so if we think about how graph operation could happen on device maybe using the touch screen as a way to create apps together that could be a way that more people start to create the services that would serve their needs so In order to do this I think we need to invest in these online building blocks of the tools that would enable people to create from their device to create the services that they need every day on there's lots of work in different aspects on on on what this can look like as a lower China project called Webmaker and the idea behind this is that people creating online web content on the phone in a way that helps them 1st not have to know any code or something that they can quickly move together by touch and then slowly as they start to gain confidence in this they see the underlying pieces of the web and start to
grow a curiosity and start to tinker with the elements of the Web underneath that web content they're creating so that all it is is called Webmaker and I think the way we can contribute to more tools that help creation online is you can give that to which I or if we also have ideas for how to how people can create on online using their mobile device that's a huge contribution to helping the mobile Internet be of more creative space so thirdly a 3rd tactic I to bring to the online citizenry is around participatory learning so a theory that I have is that we not only need content local content and we need tools for people to create in their language and on the phone but we also need to foster a culture of participatory learning what that means is people learn best by doing there's plenty of shows studies that show that by doing something by experiencing it you have a deeper understanding of what that means a deeper knowledge and almost a visceral sense of of those competencies so when you you have to participate in your learning process and take control of your learning process in that is becomes a path
through empowerment deeper knowledge and what we see happening in many places there is a growing learned to code movement but where some of those learn code efforts come short is they primarily focus on like just Roque tutorials so just exercises that you basically copy paste and fill in the blank on and where you're not building something that actually solving a problem that you have to know and in ways you not fully participating in your learning not saying how I wanna remix different sounds skills and competencies to solve a problem and make a project that really is going to address something that I have to adjust the need that I have and instead you're you're in a kind of isolated setting I completing completing tutorials on your own so that the that I have is that we need to round out the learned code efforts and focus on something bigger of which and is a lower calling web literacies the idea behind web literacy is that coding is just 1 small element about how you understand the mechanics of the culture and the citizenship of the way we actually need to talk about things like How do I manage my privacy hot I collaborate with others hardware use open licenses how do I have a secure online presence all of these things
start to be start to round out the picture and not focused not have over and over and crazy focus on just learning code that actually start to show how you can be a citizen of a participant online so with these whether these efforts around the web literacy and approaching web literacy through a participatory approach where people are actually learning and making in creating the kind of web that they wanna see I think we start to see a pattern for help people become more empowered and more engaged and how they act on line yeah so just sit around just a shared 2 initiatives and how this and how Web we see this web literacy work and this in the Mozilla context starting to take shape 1 way is we're offering free curriculum which has been developed by educators institutions partners around the world that is teaching web literacy in a very participatory way so we're helping to kind of cheery these open educational resources online and can check out the site on teach that a little work and I feel free to use add to were comments a critique those activities as we try to help people have these L empowering moments with the Web as they come as a start to
explore and build the web that they won and they were also trying interconnect networkers and educators with 1 another so we see a huge potential for web activists for people who care about the larger cause of web literacy in around it empowered online for this citizenry we see a huge potential to connect those people as a community of practice so we have various efforts to have people learning all the professionals learning with each other to sharing these practices and hopefully improving the tools and their craft as they try to make an impact in their communities spreading web literacy so in particular I wanted to just give a quick shout out to an initiative were doing where all these ideas are coming together and that's called Mozilla clubs and ID with that is that the model it's an open source model so feel free to happen been reinvented and make it your own but the idea is in person participatory learning were people are creating the Web together in a very peer-supported way on in a way that embraces open practices and in a way that starts to make things in their own language and in their own following their own interests and so I think with efforts like the Mozilla club to can start to see pieces of some of the Web We Want starting to starting to light up so that's to conclude my talk where I see a huge and a shared opportunities we in order to be citizens online we need the ability to read and write and participate and in today's mobile Internet we're quite restricted citizens in that sense and together by fostering
local content by creating tools that allow people to ah make things on mobile and by teaching the web in a participatory way we can start and power and online citizenry that can really fully participate in embrace the web so let's create that Web literate poignant and let's teach the way they keep me if reserve figure much all any questions because we have a few minutes left in here like this raise your In this video we have thanks for the talk i reacted um do you told us that there would be to begin on the list of the website to do they do this surety to all of us the call you earlier check out the logic here but I think you're asking about Wikipedia on so yeah so the examples about on sites that have high Internet traffic in India if it by that example it yet Wikipedia's amongst 1 of them which I think is great because Wikipedia is offering things in people's language on and is kind of co-owned biological communities so they they should more fully give that a shot at being on by the Indian citizens I but there's also efforts that Wikipedia's doing around 0 rated like Wikipedia 0 it's called and I it there are people from Wikipedia's might be able to correct me but I was asking some colleagues of mine in Kenya to access Wikipedia 0 on the phone and they were said although it's supposed to be years must be able to edit and add things to Wikipedia at the moment they were only able to have read only Wikipedia set of those people who have counterexamples all but I think it's actually a huge opportunity for Wikipedia to actually show leadership and the Wikimedia Foundation to show leadership in the zero-rated space by having some they're happy allow people to edit and to add to the common to that doesn't do that already but defy 1 of the
people in the out of all state in uh things look great for a very nice ideas um but I sold already this idea to create stuff on mobile devices similarly in those scientific community where there's of you or matlab or something and all of a sudden there's but the whole community creating stuff and then it the company is charging 500 euros 3 thousand euros for running time I don't hope that the thinking of that but there is no way to maybe but take measures to prevent that this is happening another way to talk to people that's a great much and I'm not so familiar with the with those examples on but I think that that becomes part of a larger piece of the puzzle right which is like a open ecosystems were were able to have like if you try and if I understood correctly talk about runtimes her use of server times that don't yes yes so I think that's part of the puzzle and maybe that's a place that you're interested have ideas about what we need in order to come to continue the open ecosystem in the mobile environment and I don't know answers but I think that that's a it's a sound like it's a big opportunity and this time for 1 more question over here yeah I um could you name a few skills that you personally would like people to have often
question as so I'm here so yeah for me and I'll make some of
those skills include Renex so I think a huge literacy erdeutsch part of being web-literate actually means the ability to take different pieces of different content different ideas and we mix them
together and to understand the esthetics of the power of remix so I think I fully fully leveraging remix as a skill is is is a huge opportunities
on I also think collaboration is often under-appreciated skill in our area in especially in some of the nodes in some learned code efforts can go quite short on the the practices of collaboration so actually think bringing collaboration to the forefront of what we mean by Web literate so that we really a fostering this idea of learning together working with others the practices that facilitate that collaboration on the every mixed collaboration
designed for accessibility for example so as you start to make things online how are you making them in a way that helps others to access them well to build on them from if you're interested actually although uh website teach dozens of that we outline a little bit more the competencies that we think it we you know we in effect stakeholders have said like this is this space we wanna moving the or help foster Mr. Fawlty reduction 2nd part of and