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License More, Worry Less. Negotiating Playful Commons in Public Spaces

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at the and thank the
i think you very much we're excited to be here today at to present you the very 1st steps of what we think is going to be a big idea but before we dive into it we have a few questions for you we call this regulation quiz and you can play that's a really simple game to warn everyone up so imagine you're at JFK Airport and you have a new religion that you just start up a new philosophy of new wrote a book about a new 1 a distributed to everyone at JFK Airport do you think this is something that the regulations of JFK Airport allow but if you think so please do like this if you
think it's not allowed to like this use think it's not mentioned please do like this good known known of of appear looks like a lot of people think it's not allowed to actually it's allowed you just have to notify the airport 24 hours in advance and you can distribute your books and scenarios um what about sleeping that they
really tired of writing at the airports Mr. flights is sleeping times something that's allowed not here's so this is
this is split it is 50 50 will help if you come into the life more you will get some into the labeling as a case of sleeping aligned years from sleeping is generally not allowed so I'm sorry so this you can you can ask the manager for a special permit to sleep but them you might not get it so left 1 for JFK using a stick or a poll to support a hand carried sign you know these people at all times of the like Mr. Malone or a limousine services X when you come out let's say you're 1 of those people and you wanna put us like a stick on your sign really heavy that something that's allowed not mention I mentioned no no
I you're getting the hang of this very good and it's not allowed your rights so let's jump to his counterpart slightly city and you know the quite apart we the place where occupy Wall Street and started using a stick or a poll to support a hand carried signed there what you think at
the to that's because I think it's mostly little time and now see quite a lot of allowed over there this is dean a section this year the a section that well
we we did find that anywhere actually so it might be a loophole if you wanna do something there in the future but what about skateboarding it burning there should be simple yes stapling was never allowed will never be allowed just not gonna happen
they're lying on the ground the half here in this 1 is an interesting 1 because they used to be not mentioned but in the middle of the Occupy Wall Street protests the owners of quot apart decided to come up with new rules for this space and disallow lying on the ground together with the camping equipment and putting up tents etc but whatever passive recreation which nation idea but what about it's what you think that the recreation and IR OK mixed to be not mentioned but in the new rules it's allowed in the cut apart
so interestingly is encouraged even encouraged at the place for that OK when Berlin now Hammond let's it's quite close by walking from a to B is that allowed to be using you're right
it's allowed and it's actually love for everyone from using a stick reporters aboard entered sign at Hammond clubs it yeah yeah it's allowed as long as it's a protest you do have a problem if you write something other than a protest on it's no marriage proposals the other commercial activities something lying on the set marriage of books in be foreign that's lying on the ground and M. and that's what you think you mean
no I think there is actually more this is this is yeah what's not allowed I get 2 y later and passive recreation endowment of which is sponsored agreeing to that and so on the nobody knows but those are not
allowed and and there is actually this and this is a part of the BN O stars and if that's the Berlin street law which specifies what's all the public streets in Berlin are to be used for and a defines a concept that's really important for a lot of cities around the world which is common use and the common use is defined for Hammond Latin from the streets as yeah getting from a to B and everything that goes further than that needs a special permit yeah this is actually not unique for building many big cities around the world are all about flow and circulation this is what the doctor
nicholas Blondie was a super important legal geographer from Canada he calls this pedestrianism the sidewalk is all about flow and circulation you can't stop the machine of the city you can't stop the circulation of labor or the flow of capital you have to go from a to B you cannot stop and have a conversation you definitely can't get together you definitely can't put an object on the ground in the in the sitting on the sidewalk it's all about moving from a to B not just people moving from a to B but also the idea of the entire city is a machine on a constant flux from the constant flow this is the way that the regulations sees the city this is the way civil engineers who make the regulation see the city this is the way they want us to use the city but the actual way we want to use the city and actual way we are using streets today is actually more like this and not just us 1 is the city's look like
this more but CT branding often can use images of park or of graffiti of kind of like the deregulated use of the sidewalk the often promoted in the city brands as well another kind of e illegal activity that is taking over the world this is no pants they started by Improv Everywhere it's a playful activity this is the kind of activity that makes you pause in your place this is the kind of activity that while you're our flowing circulating from a to B in the city you pause for 1 2nd that 2nd
is when you start to think you start to question you start to become an active citizen in this space you start to look around you start to think about new possibilities for that space this moment is super important this moment is why this playfulness is important for our cities and why we all recognize it across the board asked and regulators alike this is another playful activity from a game
design group in berlin called invisible playground nothing belongs to some maybe you wanna say something about me yeah I mean it's just funny because fighters ago we started this group invisible played and we've been running playful events
in Berlin and all around the world and we've been constantly kind of trying to get these allowed ordering them illegally and 1 of the things I learned in these projects is that um in play you introduce new functional definitions of the city which are very hard for regulators to understand so for example if you do a game about monsters working around and the full scan and so on here this is a person in a in a costume I suddenly this kind of traffic thing this box in the back become the really important thing to hide behind you might have uh never seen before suddenly becomes a new function and this sort of mode of appropriation of of playful playfully taking over space and defining it for a certain amount of time is something that that's really really important these kind of practices and there's a lot more of the stuff of course going on going on around the
world yeah this is an extreme example for a temporary practice it's there for 1 hour then
it's gone but each for that our which completely shifts the space and completely changes the imagination of the people around it's kind of a
more permanent but still the illegal use of space of uh recoloring space reimagining spaces of course graffiti which we know from everywhere
as urban pervasive gains another game from the invisible playground festival
as the funds theory which is an account of the interpretation of uh play as known by ovals log in the car company and they want to encourage people to take the stairs
with their own efforts and the do that binds introducing this piano stairs which are the got very famous a few years ago and this is their interpretation of a fun ct another another type of intervention and repurposing of public space is a 72 hour been action it's a group that I'm involved with together with architect Karen Hallberg this is an installation of the whispering game outside a school in the young in 2010
and this is a defunct office building then turned into an old people's home given new life with that
very easy fabric of intervention this is a library from an occupied count and this is an important example because cities bear the potential of knowledge exchange cities bear the potential by chance encounter to learn something new and by learning to grow yourself as an individual and this is an important aspect that
the regulations are fighting against unfortunately and this is another intervention it's a community kitchen table from the attorney e to the and yeah these kind of use z that allow us to reinterpret this space is super important for capturing the promise of the city and 1 reason of why this works is because it's an
opportunity for people to come together and collectively define what they want and how they want to use the city armor and these groups of people sometimes seen by city marketers and by regulators as adding value to a certain neighborhoods so I think everyone kind of not as wants to see this sort of activity taking place in the neighborhood but there's other gatherings that
are being regulated out basically and there's other people that maybe don't have nice costumes and and paint to to to make a beautiful construction over there they're just kind
of being worked against so 1 and 1 great example is really dispersal zones in London and enough you know about this but the UK introduced the anti-social behavior orders which is a legal tool which allows police to disperse groups for basically reasons of being antisocial or a nuisance to other people and they have to leave an area and not come back for 24 hours this is a great project by a manifesto Club Band in London that CO the mapping these dispersal zones and other zones were temporary new legal frameworks have put in place to some yeah kind of some increase the value of the property because that's what it's
about this is another great example in another another group that's being actively worked against we all know that living in the city means appropriating and making it your home figuring out how the city can meet your basic living needs such as lying down resting sleeping but now there's a there's a war on homelessness going on in this is an example of architecture actively preventing people from
figuring out how to make the city meet their basic needs this is going on also of course in the realm of benches and transportation if you go into that span in between there have been 2 that you can't really sleep on and they have regulations that explicitly disallow lying on the ground for looking interest happens from on the other hand this is allowed so these are the
people that are queuing up for buying an iPhone there also camping on the streets they actually look like almost people animal and how they can afford an iPhone deploy spending all the money they have an and the fucking iPhone and this is a public space being appropriated for commercial interests and this is an amazing
picture from the weight of the Ferguson protests demonstrations and Mall of America against the racist police department or racist police state where it's certainly not allowed to appropriate private spaces for public needs yes adjust uh
allowed not allowed allowed
not allowed this is very important to realize so we promised a
big idea and but firstly we wanna uh reiterate someone else's
very big idea and it's been with us quite a long time everybody knows Creative Commons as someone with a Creative Commons T-shirts at 0 and so basically it's a modular licensing
system ride that allows owners of intellectual property to decide on which turns their works being copied online or otherwise and to decide for themselves how bout reappropriation will be dealt with I mean I think there are many interpretations but generally that's the main goal of creative commons so what if we could apply this idea of a
modular system defined by owners by users and owners alike to this we give you a playful comments what if we could come together regulators and users of public space like discuss and share ideas on what we want to see in this place is how we want to imagine them how do we
want to open them or maybe we want to change them completely what if we take this to I date a diversity of places every city around the world every rule village around the world can come together and collectively define how they want to imagine the future of their own public space we're talking about a common language to describe the diversity of spaces around the world what if we could do this yeah my idea
right but it's also kind of hominids but it's on the there are tricky so if we take a step back and think about Creative Commons for 2nd wide at Creative Commons takeoff why was it needed at all well it's copying the Internet came along suddenly everything could be copied really easily um and suddenly there was a way to do this I mean we could sell you this image by monarch Marcus crazy here lady which is only a licensed under CC attribution so she doesn't care facility you 400 dollars or if we make a comic out of that but this only works because we're not selling the original were selling copies or were
were remixing copies into something completely new now look at these spaces
how many of these are there and how hard is it to copy this space now I think when we play with spaces we kind of copying them in our minds together but we still have this very very
limited resource which is actual physical space that we are the world population are collectively struggling on how to organize so this is a difference number 1 2 Creative Commons really important there's only 1 space we're talking about the original we're talking about licensing the original another difference to Creative Commons is the people that are in charge of the spaces are quite different from the actual users of the space so this is um and the dog the mayor of Paris uh I can imagine that once a year maybe she has time to actually sit there at the San into a picnic like that and this is demonstrated is the CEO of Brookfield Office Properties This is the company that owns um so cut apart so these people are in charge of the spaces but they're not actually using this is very different from Creative Commons where you have creators licensing for other creators so the thing is in the work that we've done before we've
managed to get permission for pretty crazy stuff and we kind of want to continue the struggle and things that you can approach these people if you get the right tools if we create a space which is between users and regulators between users and owners we have hoped that place for comments can bridge this gap and create new platform for some common and common
language so in the near term what we wanna do is start a pilot program with people that own spaces people that administrates spaces to try out uh alpha versions of these licenses in certain spaces we need a lot of help with this because every spaces different also creative practices are really different so anyone that's interested in developing this with us please come approaches space owners out there just line up for this we think it's a great opportunity to improve the quality of your space and to try out something radical
something you be the 1st space honor to put a playful Commons license and space this is a great idea in the mid term we wanted provide an alternative to this so this is the good neighbor policy was written by occupy Wall Street in just pasted it over the existing signs that as the body part maybe there's a way to yeah the agree here and create something in between where hopeful people and and it's
actually happening in some spaces so this is the space we stumble upon quite close by here this is a nature experience space or be invention a school project that explored what kids would like to have and spaces and I'm just gonna translate this down here so the green
part is where you're allowed to do so you can explore you can climb you can jump you can look at things you can play you can build generally you can dig you can run you can balance you can pick flowers you can eat and drink but please but the trash and then you can watch the animals you can fart their so this is where we're going to so far apart and you can know what other kids you can hide the hide-and-seek and you can play Indians which are much like but I do like that you can play roles and role play and what you can do is put trash it's uh cut down trees the called drugs poisonous cool weapons are to be avoided to Don destroyed bottles don't do disgusting things like molest children and don't throw it stones make fire drill bring dogs or destroy the homes of animals right so this is a mn well this was
negotiated 191 to defense this piece of land and they negotiated together with this school kids that the school is just adjacent to the right so we actually
want to implement this kind of thinking this kind of process and term big scale urban development projects and change the legal landscape so that
we find a way to include the idea of playful appropriation into the concept of common use we think place should be the more yet so basically it all comes
down to this doing 1 of the cities of the future it to look like airports designed by fear or do we want the far part designed by play what does it feel better to use yeah if it feels better due you to designed by they join us thank you few
not enough questions if you have been yes that's what I want to suggest we have like 2 or 3 minutes for questions at the 5 5 minutes 5 minutes to see some hands reaching out super clear on at that maybe some property owners the different critics so to have any projects and Berlin had no way you could well we'll this is the initial days of the idea we're setting up an association for it and we're trying to create a platform where people can actually come
together and experiment with these licenses will be presenting this idea and then make City Festival in June and will be launching our association in a big playful party and licensing workshop in August and in Berlin on the neural implementation have yet already talked to the people from the city and what they think about it and so I mean that thing is
this is coming from like a 5 to 10 year experience with negotiating permits for cultural projects in public spaces and we kind of always start from 0 in this so but you do get better at it you do have experience so a lot of
times when you go also in smaller municipalities maybe this is the 1st large-scale of public project that they're having and you bring a lot of ideas on how to actually construct these permits to the table of for the municipalities and also for private owners so oftentimes we've had the experience that actually a lot of problems can be solved in a more general level and if you bring the right tools that you bring ready-made standardized modules that they can use it's not so hard to allow for more than a lot of people just don't know how and this is exactly the same situation as before Creative Commons when copyright was super complicated no 1 had any idea how to actually license their work to other people and we just wanna do this for spaces OK any questions from
somebody else OK so I think you're in much the interesting and good luck to you things sort of
thing you have
and
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel License More, Worry Less. Negotiating Playful Commons in Public Spaces
Serientitel re:publica 2015
Teil 150
Anzahl der Teile 177
Autor Quack, Sebastian
Karjevsky, Gilly
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/31901
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Produktionsort Berlin

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Can citizens be trusted with the co-creation of public spaces? Or should every activity be defined, every movement pattern monitored, every mode of interaction approved? How can we find a common language to negotiate the freedoms we want to grant each other in shared urban environments? Gilly Karjevsky and Sebastian Quack trace the history of regulating public spaces and introduce Playful Commons – an attempt to strike a new deal between administrators and creative users of the city.

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