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The Status Quo of the Chinese Internet Landscape

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and it has been my greatest pleasure to be added is a Republican meeting I I to is my 2nd time the because I was the to remember of the boss of the Chinese to remember loss contest the so and we we just finished our you know the nominations and also the and results very I I should say very unfortunately the the Chinese nominations of failed have have been a field
to to to get the wars that well a lot of fun and also we better know a lot of
creative projects in all kinds of you know social protest the social learning social communication and all kind of and so today I'm going to talk about the the
actually the digital culture the Chinese you demand of what does it look like especially in terms of these relations to politics and in society in China so we have the figures is the 6 150 million now you know what the users of the Internet users the factories mold and a total of more than the total population of the United States and Japan so is a huge population and we can the exhaustless with this too much hiding the whole so with this in such a population of not only China's Internet has become an contentious space between the state and society so we're talking about this all the time but also it also given voices of tool where is social groups living within the country but you know the different
ideologies of different classes I ethnicities in and religions so giving China's wasn and the Peckham peculate particularities but these are also we can call them cultural issues even is within within the country so question of paramount importance will be Hall can attend people not leverage the full potential of the Internet to make this country a civil and mall tolerant and the cipher place muscle so that's a very important question and
so I'm going to find up I start with so the use of tools so than 10 so that here the Internet was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by by American institution in time American Institute for for helping but once dialog debate and concessions so you China the Internet is certainly playing the exact exactly that role because of China's special politically environments online activities have a political meaning that other countries few other countries may not have this is mainly of 2 reasons 1st with like a constitutional platform for people to Wallace you know there in the the real and their their opinions because we do not have of you know regular elections but the other words there
is no formalized way to channel popular feeling as well as discontent so leaving most of the people all set of decision making process of the public of fires it and on the other hand the legal of 10 is also very liking you we we need an independent judicial system uh but right now without the rule of law to support but you notice of support society seasons all the left at the mercy of self-serving officials and then the the not employed is that we do not have the independent press what we from the perspective of you know about the the tradition of the press freedom we do not have that tradition solar we uh you we used to call this the call it's a kind of a super we that public opinion which is essentially an extension of supplement of the parties endowments power so therefore full tennis media cannot be viewed as an independent public watchdog on so from the political and legal and the media side we can say that citizens are very afraid of offending government officials who have the power to affect their lives but with the internet the people finally find a public space relatively free from worry or restrained that's a flat gate of emotions Our cheeks Alban was a very big back of so that explains why the the public opinion on the internet seems to be in a much more excessively excited mode make some other media and enter the people who know that China has a very stringent of Internet censorship made might be the most adjusted indentation in the whole world but although such is the case of new technologies and its applications have still managed to create new spaces for discussion and exchange of ideas substantial changes be made to the Chinese public sphere you reach a wide range of speakers have access to it by words public people have got used to reading news searching for information expressing opinions debating current of fires and organizing activities online so I already about point to the you know the the figures 150 million of Internet users so ways so many people online so active indexes and wide-brimmed online communities have gained the ability to influence of even changes the reality so the beginning in in the in the new century and I mean after a roughly after tools or than then 3 actually goes idea there was a milestone case that it this this guy and gone he was 27 years old but he was picked up by the right by please do a random identity the and died in custody window so this actually but this story cause the national crime I would say this is the 1st but you know probably the campaign of quot trying to to to make justice so the the at as the result of this status of this that's the the
detention and repatriation regulation under which of these you know worse the graduated has been high what was abolished by China's State Council so after that we can see a decade of relies and what is the again the new private online winches opened up alternative space where people could express their opinions also official discourse so since then we have witnessed I'll hold of waves after waves of you know the public opinion of public this expression and the people at debating our issues and people in need initiating protests which many new challenge in a nation wide information has routinely been been censored by the government yeah so there are a lot of cases not most mostly cases involving Paula abuse corruption crime and social injustice not every case went to the went tool how the public would like them to go but together top those cases resulted in creating a new form of public opinion in China and n so to talk about the the rise of public opinion in China I would have laughed to give you a can of his toric of prospective but to chase back you know to the very ancient at Chinese history and so the Asian China of during the Warring States period but we have famous statesman on young but he was a statement of the
state of the in of the advocated strengthening the king's power so he believed that when strong stays at with trust is a mad annexation well wake ones that connect and concern to maximize events it was necessary to adopt a strong laws and so but the 2 you sure that people will well talk young appointed legal officers to teach all people throughout the state of the other words showing young import these officers to take over the educational system and so he called this set of theories and practices of the Unified teaching and so we spend all Thorson opinions against the loss and his and his doctorate and up then we have another philosopher political philosopher of so-called Humphrey up he was a philosopher known for developing the framework of the Chinese legalism which is a where famous you know a school of thought of before the Ching dynasty of 580 heritage shall Young's unified teaching and the believe that people within the state's pondering when practicing persuasion and animal quence must always conform conform to the mall so he has a where a famous saying that the the literati distribu lost by means of letters and Marshall heroes transgressed prohibitions by means of wireless is the king's view Chisholm bows was proprietary and that was the cause of disorder so in I'm not practice of disturbing lost by means of letters was being half-hearted towards a king and engage in private studies therefore such practices must be bent the Ganz all their partisans dispersed so he then put forward the renowned legalist our proposal for education where important up in the state of the light solver and there is no literature written the on Bambos leaves but the law is only teaching there is no quotas sayings of the early kings by the magistrates are only instructors and so
the field to implant implement this proposal but at his fellow scholars are called leads to what he was a great the minister of a tissue 1 of the finest 1st emperor of that family push the AD throughout the team empire and so that leads to the proposed to burn all the copies of classical poetry but Classic of history and the writings of 100 schools of philosophy so under leases proposal got the books that have exemption are those on Madison of divination agriculture and forestry and there's all those who have interest you lost so is that starting from law offices and so a resort these the brought to an extreme of the belief of shown the Anaheim Bay that the law is only teaching and the law offices of only instructors so why I'm saying all this because viruses China's rulers have UFOs and also talks cold of learning of religious belief in social norms in order to pay put these recommendations into practice so we can say through thousand of years we adopted choose practice of for example not moles of all of which is the the the leader of full full for New China we once remarked all
appendices adopted cheese whey cheese way of ruled on that and then means usual once we of rule up in the the the residue of the system can still even be seen today in contemporary China for example China attendees for they are very familiar with the slogan call to listen for the party which is actually listen to the party officials is a modern worship of law offices of only instructors in the culture revolution of degree leader that is modeled himself was also referred to as a great instructor so that the same the leader of the instructor is the same not so he managed pose politics and people's thoughts to manage the loss was to eliminate dissidents from public opinion and of the in the in in the in the uh 19 fifties of most started a campaign against but you know anti-revolutionary clique which mostly I intellectuals so the so so the it is 1st purge of electoral suffered 1949 but also those that there should be a unified public opinion but as well as on 1 side of unified lost so bad that he means if you want to have a unified public opinion you must enforce enforce that unify laws so the unification of public opinion was actually being usual about the state apparatus and by loss but so expensive government control over ideology and severe restrictions on the freedom of expression where institutionalized an existing wearing long-lasting influence end well that's that was the case on you after the call to revolution because after that tennis political atmosphere it became far more open with much bolder criticisms intelligence who corrupt leaders and and bureaucracy so the the the Chinese Communist Party policy of unification of public opinion at this stage is beginning to change so it was changed into the guidance of the part of the you can see the different wording and so which means to encourage some kind of public 18 while suppressing others and so the Propaganda Department often told the uh the tightly monitored state media that there should be not reporting on the wrong point of view and the that should cover were positive stories that promote socialist whether what so they this situation began to change in the 19 nineties when when the Internet emerged in China so so after a long way up we came in and what came from 19 nineties but the real turning point actually came in the 1st decade of the 21st century with social media such as blocks in the macroblock skin popularity so what do social media mu for China it is a gathering place for citizen journalism allowing local news to become national it is a whole for public discourse a national that transcend the placement classes that were before it is a source of sits and action whether the people united struggle together to improve society In other words not only a win for the 1st time he history we all have public opinion but also this public opinion has gone through a structural transformation of because on the way and that you have the the you know the guidance of public opinion which have from the made mainstream tho state owned of media organs on the on the other hand you will wave all popular appeal of opinion emerging are in the in the in the Chinese cyberspace than so there were a lot of observers will actually capture the such as structural transformation but I'm quote In the former as seen by news agencies that you know the the 2 former chief editor of the his name is and and all
of his he said there are not too popular opinion views in contemporary China 1 is the official few represented by party control traditional media and the other is the internet in the former media resources are highly concentrated in the hands of a few of well in the letter gatekeeping is quickly awakening and also on the on on the on the internet you can see a lot of anonymous of comments which you know gave the common commentators small sense of security in a great desire for its oppression as a result that there were 3 of those lifestyles and cultures is far more always but on the internet at end the uh when when I was talking about this the you know the to the so called tool publicly you as you can see
discussions you you know still feel was up a have very different
topics other types of discourse and the forms so the official media claimed to represent mainstream public opinion about which according to People's Daily they're promoting mainstream when it was of the state of the party but public opinion on the internet has the opposite effect of the oficial public opinion for you to focuses is on the halls of government career a so-called harmonious society rather than Halsey weeks culture the west well the problem PD field of the Internet Explorer's Hall of motivated to influence occurrence political system
of through their creative and great creativity and initiative it
at the but so online commentators have never been as active as they have in the past several years any significant incidents beat domestic or international can give rise to a huge online discussion arousing passions and stimulating actions that Governments institutions of and public figures cannot signal
uncurious and such a phenomenon was quite beyond the imagination so the new into active medium enables anyone anyone to observe the social surroundings and inject of salt a criticism or concerns into public discussions different forms of network in the public sphere i.e. the making through wage everyone can speak question and the Westgate without turning to traditional media but it also influences agenda citing a start a new political discussions as well as rearranging the issues that concern most people so when I was that
you know talking with my German colleague itself for working in German media so I I found out of very it prominent differences in the in the in the in the you know in the way of gluing of new media of because in Germany and in Germany you might be you might not put so much faster in the in the in the in the new media Beijing China is just the opposite people don't trust the traditional media but the trust new media where much in but it so this is this is time is very limited I just came tool of my some of the and remarks I mentioned yeah I mentioned you need tools so that the
intent of the Internet was nominated for mobile Peace Prize that year actually the prize was not did not go to internet but it did go to a Chinese was being absent from the ceremony due to his efforts in getting more freedom of of speech in China so you you can see from the television there is and the China and that and a child is like a might offer of a friend recalled something that you know the the mobile prize winners which your book has said to him many years ago so jobless set where where locking to leave is tied in this place that is China it may be difficult for us but at least we do have a chance to make 0 very where large difference most people in lifetimes are not offered this can of opportunity so to put it in this way so now we are all of us the silent society up so people all have have their buoyancy their voices also they have their channels so that can accumulate social capital which was so necessary for China on to go into the democratic direction in the future think in few
of the use of order any questions or show at the 1st position on what we don't thank you for your interesting talk with this and the
tool trip back into the past which of course explains a lot but let me ask you 1 question about you just said this there is a new public sphere in arising out of the social media and China and people put a lot of trust in it and put a lot of time actually in the and I was always impressed how life the interaction between this you Teutsch communities in China regularly our but another thing that that's pantomime is there being as likely as they are and as fast as the spaces it seems to me because of censorship that seems to have no memory it's very difficult to refer to events in the past it's very difficult to get some kind of continuity that makes it possible I would say to to develop a sense of history or current history what can the Chinese public intellectuals through true to remedy this problem I think
you your wearing right to the point well actually the performer of the uh Professor of Economics coding initial kind they wrote a paper about is the for the fun out that the you know the dissident movement in China is not that cheat continuous process because of people using 1989
you know nothing about something in and then people often work but nothing about 1989 that's exactly the point so the the history is being you know really and and memories so you raised in the other things that young people even do not know well I think that the we would be a tremendous task full of if you see the public intellectuals to try to you know cracked this can can of very tragic the of phenomena and so it takes the education and also it takes a lot of constrain the narrative of historical narrative you have to you get the you get a lot of things which are consumers of by the government you you you have to maybe you know ways of augmented probably uh the but at least I am you mean you 1 way and opted optimistic because the not have sold many channels to you know to send the histories fault that people can read from of all kinds of sources of for example the the uh 1 of the key events easy entire Japanese law so to the wall is usually to be narrated only by the you know the the Communist part so the common tongue and sits there you know they're not they're not good at all so the this because the commas pocket and we win the war against Japanese but now you can see a lot of you know rewrite of this part so the young young people they know that the the war is not looks like you know the would be the school textbook is described in soul is you this is in this sense I think the if you the by the you know that the real life will show so I am optimistic on this regard you I have 4 more questions of various some audience also so what's the effect if you have but my question is is it that you know that at the time of silences over and then all of the forces can be heard but on the other hand I remember the number of 680 million 680 million voices and how do you think that the the democratization on local levels where people can connect the internet was the local life or or even when we're on a bigger scale so I think it's very loud and 680 million people start having voices online but how do you think will this fall in a democratic order of get you are like a cacophony over everybody expresses the more self I agree with you know what I mean yeah I know I know that and actually we we have where election system that you can
elect underwear and low-level officials of that township level so of uh and the cities is district level but not not high about because the the government we won't allow people to do that but this several years ago when the election year is due to the use of modern every 5 years so that there are a bunch of a people who approach you know pronounced that's the view be running for public office uh for the local you know the distri of the local towns so the announced the uh the a decision tree on social media so they organize cues to support them so they publish posters and in the promise that the for their actually develop tools of good things with from neighboring without to the communities so is so we have these very now and is a very beginning of how people can use social media who try to and not just to discuss national issues but also to make real changes in the communities but very unfortunately the those so
what what we call the independent candidates accuracy of olefin failed because government will not allow them to do that so so this is this political power trees block by steel that you can do some other things like the of property owners and you you know you do a lot things to try to protect your properties and if the environmental pollution actually is affecting Europe you know your community and you you make protests to and against them and also people just the beginning to push for the transparency of the local of taxi taxation or the local budget so they're doing this kind of things the it will be a very slow process but is not his staff but I think it's an in Europe also a 500 million Europeans and I think we do find in Europe as long the the
theme of the Republic of this here finding Europe very means finding durable and local levels and start using the Internet and to rediscover your place in Europe and married at is a nice increment to the to the development in China and so democracy is always staying a process it's never finished yeah I the thank you you know I'm
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Resultante
Internetworking
Einfügungsdämpfung
Datenfeld
Verbandstheorie
Benutzerschnittstellenverwaltungssystem
Besprechung/Interview
Hill-Differentialgleichung
Neue Medien
Gerade
Computeranimation
Nominalskaliertes Merkmal
Telekommunikation
Total <Mathematik>
Relativitätstheorie
Gruppenkeim
Term
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Computeranimation
Internetworking
Vorlesung/Konferenz
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Faktor <Algebra>
Figurierte Zahl
Ereignishorizont
Aggregatzustand
Arithmetisches Mittel
Subtraktion
Vektorpotenzial
Chiffrierung
Klasse <Mathematik>
Wort <Informatik>
Ereignishorizont
Programmierumgebung
Systemplattform
Computeranimation
Internetworking
Resultante
Prozess <Physik>
Punkt
Wellenlehre
Mathematisierung
Kartesische Koordinaten
Benutzerfreundlichkeit
Gesetz <Physik>
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Computeranimation
Internetworking
Bildschirmmaske
Arithmetischer Ausdruck
Spannweite <Stochastik>
Kugel
Perspektive
Nichtunterscheidbarkeit
Bildschirmfenster
Maßerweiterung
Ereignishorizont
Figurierte Zahl
Regulator <Mathematik>
Leistung <Physik>
ATM
Befehl <Informatik>
Krümmung
Physikalischer Effekt
Onlinecommunity
Systemaufruf
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Entscheidungstheorie
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Verknüpfungsglied
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Automatische Indexierung
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Information
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Einfügungsdämpfung
Computervirus
Familie <Mathematik>
Schreiben <Datenverarbeitung>
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Framework <Informatik>
Physikalische Theorie
Computeranimation
Eins
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Beobachtungsstudie
Physikalischer Effekt
Klassische Physik
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Menge
Wort <Informatik>
Entropie
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Normalvektor
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Resultante
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Transformation <Mathematik>
Gesetz <Physik>
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Arithmetischer Ausdruck
Rotationsfläche
Luenberger-Beobachter
Datenstruktur
Ereignishorizont
Clique <Graphentheorie>
Sichtenkonzept
Computersicherheit
Systemaufruf
Physikalisches System
p-Block
Quellcode
Office-Paket
Neue Medien
Cyberspace
Texteditor
Minimalgrad
Residuum
Mereologie
Gamecontroller
Ablöseblase
Wort <Informatik>
Aggregatzustand
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Soundverarbeitung
Bildschirmmaske
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Aggregatzustand
Internetworking
Inklusion <Mathematik>
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Inzidenzalgebra
Figurierte Zahl
Computeranimation
Neue Medien
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Subtraktion
Kugel
Datennetz
Injektivität
Ereignishorizont
Computeranimation
Subtraktion
Ortsoperator
Menge
Mobiles Internet
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Sprachsynthese
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Ereignishorizont
Computeranimation
Internetworking
Richtung
Prozess <Physik>
Punkt
Besprechung/Interview
Interaktives Fernsehen
Strömungsrichtung
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Raum-Zeit
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Kugel
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Rechter Winkel
Festspeicher
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Ereignishorizont
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Soundverarbeitung
Zentrische Streckung
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Mathematisierung
Stellenring
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Physikalisches System
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Gesetz <Physik>
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Übergang
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Computerspiel
Forcing
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Mereologie
Softwareentwickler
Ganze Funktion
Schlüsselverwaltung
Netzwerktopologie
Prozess <Physik>
Kategorie <Mathematik>
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Stab
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Internetworking
Leistung <Physik>
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Neue Medien
Computeranimation

Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel The Status Quo of the Chinese Internet Landscape
Serientitel re:publica 2015
Teil 176
Anzahl der Teile 177
Autor Yong, Hu
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/31891
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Produktionsort Berlin

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract This talk discusses the current developments of the Chinese Internet economy and the digital media landscape. It reflects on the state of Internet freedom in relation to global developments.

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