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E-Participation & Freedom of Information in Africa, Latin America & Europe

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Automatisierte Medienanalyse

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and a and a
and thanks ladies
and gentlemen welcome to this meeting on digitalization and development policy digitized digitalization seems to be a quite new area for development cooperation but the potential is really huge and we see that
digitalization and like other historic transformations brought about by innovation is not following the linear path an exponential 1 just to remember in Africa we have already more than 700 million people using always holds that's more than the about 500 million in Europe that means this market in Africa case already much bigger than that in Europe and worldwide more people have mobile phones then axis to the toilet and that means information and communication technologies that catalyzes for development good example is the mobile payment in Kaneohe which is more of my widely used then in Germany and many other industrialized countries and this shows that the infection need for many people to use this new law to which is opened by ACT and sometimes the impression it's a much more reluctant approach investor that industrialized countries to innovations in the ICT sector because it's clear to everybody of us in the industrialized countries his his or her bank account you are not belched to use mobile payment but in many African and developing countries this is the only way to get access to finance and so we see that information and communication technologies inclusive is participate and is enabling people to organize themselves and also to actively take part in social life and the other way around development countries are motors for innovation in the ICT sector it said the fact that mobile phones and tablets are sold in industrialized countries for hundreds of years that's easy it's much more challenging to provide people in developing countries with mobile phones the Internet access for let's say 3 dollars a month this is a great challenge and therefore the technological potential for the ICT sector or ease in developing countries much more than in industrialized countries and of course it's a political challenge to to bridge the digital divide in our society is also in developing countries the so what do we need that in order to empower people through information and communication technology this meeting is about the participation and of course we 1st need technology end user devices that everybody can afford 2nd we need knowledge on how to use this technology in order to overcome the illiteracy and to make people literate and the literature 3rd we need knowledge about options
for influencing political decision making 4th the willingness of political decision makers to really give citizens of say and face to make information freely available 6 so we need the willingness of users to make their voices heard and 7th we need action the votes in the participation must have a visible effect these 7 points
are exactly what we try to support through our development cooperation the the participation and agenda setting may however not remain the pre Robert 2 of the lucky few rich the divides between digital natives and non Digital Natives widens participation is limited to those where end user devices with the right knowledge and the right level of digital literacy so ICT information communication technology East crucial to bridge this digital divide and do we have to realize that on the other hand I cities also being misused for example to monitor in silence the opposition and this is a vicious Digital so Road in which a city and e-participation act as gate keepers preventing participation and fostering undemocratic structures so what we need to know order to prevent this scenario is that people in poor and rural areas to need access to the internet 2nd we must not allow government responsibilities to be outsourced to large multinational monopolies virgin we need an international bill of digital rights this must be created in order to guarantee fundamental rights such as data privacy and so forth
partners knowledge needs to be enhanced so that ICT can be used and digital literacy can be improved and last but not least more information needs to be made available freely and citizens need to be treated Institute people who can have been unigenitus development cooperation programmes they are more of them 100 60 projects the ICT components that are already underway across all continents and 44 of them have dedicated components related to good governance based on an international comparison of donors Germany's a leader when it comes to fostering ICT development in our partner countries and we want to further step back our activities we want to provide more funding for ICT in developing projects we want to increase the number of countries where we have ICT components and internationally we want to advocate for digital human rights that's why we are currently drafting the Digital Agenda at my Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development the headline will be ICT for development and it to ensure that you got to e-participation that such issues are taken on board and don't respect to our agenda we attach of course there great importance to critical input from the community so let me invite you to contribute to this digital agenda with regard to development worldwide the in international bodies and multilateral organizations we are pushing for support for sigh the capacity building that use more ICT knowledge in our partner countries and digitalization has changed our developments cooperation that's why at our 2015 day on Africa which will be next week already we will follow up on the Republic of today's topic for this stay on Africa will be bridging the digital divide and among other things we want to have a debate on how participation can be improved through more and better Internet access so you see so the clearer political role to shape our strategy on better use of ICT for development and you all know that the Internet is neither good nor bad it is up to us to use it for the glitch development in the developing and the industrialized world the I'm very pleased that we now have a panel on the participation uh let me introduce Klotz make geisha counties are from OK let Stephane we a mile from the Open Knowledge Foundation Thomas sparking connect from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology we our keen to learn from you on your experience on IEEE participation on your projects and I mean that you now to come to the stage of the floor is yours thank you for listening thank you for your participation thank you for your ideas and the discussion on ICT thank you very much if fian high fine everybody and I am the pleasure to next moderated the
panel now I thank you very much Misses live moment for this great into dancing and I what we just learned is that I'm not only Germany has over about 160 projects with ICT components but also which makes me very happy a strong commitment for e-participation and actually 2 of and support ICT for D sector even more and yeah yeah and I'd like to take the chance today and I think we all I would like to take advantage of the opportunity because this is actually what what we can do right now is to and formulate recommendations for that policy makers so on I'm very happy to have my guest fits they addresses that unless line connect from their hearts through institute what knowledge you working on the participation and have funding that we have on down and who's not only data jealous they're working for parties but also ahead of us the states which is then open Information Project of the Open Knowledge Foundation Germany and last but not least I am actually very happy to introduce then the last silver and who Genting aphorical to police and that's to cancer last minute and stand united is sound
also combating the lack of a civic participation of before in Brazil but now you're based in New York because now you are you are working for India and Open Society Foundations and yellow warm welcome for a my panelists please thank
the so let me just quickly and go back to the participation 1st fact and what is it actually means it
means participation it means getting active taking part in decision-making processes that actually have real impact and outcomes citizens can take part in public decision-making processes at different levels that means on a local level on a regional level on national level and idealistically also on an international level e-participation also means electronical participation through ICT that is the interactive online design of politics and policies there are actually 2 different forms that I like to differentiate 1 as that direct form that means online participation so that means that users we'll and there we crude crest that is structurally connected to politically and to political decision-making and the other 1 or more other form is a bit more indirect that means that users can influence agenda setting and shining light on their issues and problems also when we talk about the participation now we have to have in mind that we're talking about dialects and the access to free information and I'm hoping that especially staff and will will
talk a little bit more about that then also the participation patient in decision making which is the 2nd snap and the last 1 is that citizens themselves can set agendas and have equal rights in decision-taking and about the 1st presentation will be from too and just the forces that the I thank you very much so so in this sense to think yeah the good that at the it the well you got it was worth waiting against and I know this talk is supposed to be in English and but assuming basic terminology probably know the 1st word and I can tell you for those who don't know the 2nd big 1 means elections and that was taken this picture a couple weeks ago in Leipzig apart from him and they could really been taken anyway because trust in democracy is diminishing throughout the world and if you think about it it's not really surprising is that on the concept of democracy dates back to greek philosophers and is therefore really centuries-old and while Greece has since come up with new kind of
philosophers the concept has remained quite and change it's based on representation of a whole yeah people collective you representatives that then sent off to parliament to decide on very diverse issues and these decisions and this Parliament can sometimes seem a bit removed and maybe a step further away and the question is do we really need that when we have the
internet to still need system of
representation when we have a fairly widespread sort of stable network that allows people to take decisions that matter most to them instead of having to elected party which always cells and a political package which might not intend Sigmund so my colleagues and I am at the consequences of technology we did some research and we looked at a couple of the participation platforms and throughout the world and way just show you briefly a few examples a research is focusing on on a couple of criteria including usability commitment privacy and transparency so start with usability and a platform called democracy OS and democracy or as an open source project from Argentine and where you can all propose ideas and discuss them and
vote on them no it's interesting about besides it's very slick looks is it how it came to be because it started out as a political party in 1 is iris and they sought to win a seat in the Congress them and D. of representative would have committed him or
herself to vote in the parliament only according to what people decided on this online platform this idea of sort of undercutting
democracy is an entirely new and from 2002 to 2014 those Swedish munnicipalities of about it's pretty close to Stockholm and they had a
representative in the city council who did exactly that only vote according to what people decided on front on an online platform no democracy wasn't as
as successful that didn't win a seat in
parliament however they went on to develop the platform further animated opened up for everyone to know that everyone can implement its own little democracy like this city council member
that however what everything looks very nicely and if you look close and and these this representative doesn't take commitment altered series and it is something that the slant does much better for those who don't know this land is a district in the northwestern part of Germany and
although you can tell from this picture and they have some 90 thousand inhabitants besides pros and and they also have a platform called leakage Friesland we also can propose discuss and vote on ideas and the great thing here is that once
citizens agree on an initiative the city council is legally bound to take it up on the next meeting which is a quite a big commitment by the city council but you can easily imagine that this is a great driver of motivation and participation what they
don't do so well maybe besides the not true pretty design is handling privacy and including every stakeholder
because only residents of the slang can go to the local community center and register therefore the platform and once they do
they have to discuss and even vote open using their real names and this makes the protection of privacy quite difficult which the American understand that from a standpoint of the organizer because they would have proof of identity and maybe avoid misuse but privacy still is a big
issue on the platform and there's something
dead adhocracy actually a Berlin-based open-source project much better and you can see here an example from an implementation in dynamic and where they work together with the I use for foundation true enable youth participation and them full
disclosure here the KIT
also work together with liquid democracy and the nonprofit behind adhocracy but to facilitate a debate on the university's mission statement I was at the university at that time but what they did really great
was that they allowed students and faculty to register using the Chevalier comp making it very safe and they're also very transparent and apart from the state at each and every so users and administrators role and the work very some easy-to-understand terms and conditions and what this
all sounds very trivial we found in our research that many many platforms neglect a sound
privacy and transparency policy you know we always push for more participation were all here in the station from might be participation but sometimes we tend to overlook the shortcomings that come with the Internet for instance is mostly these kind of guys participating in online platforms whites well educated fairly rich
male cousins and I'm not really an exception for that now is not very surprising that topics like data protection and that neutrality dominate discussions on online platforms and I don't say these topics of the relevant just wanna point out that when you want to have a holistic process Alice democratic
process you need to engage each and every part of society was the parts that are sometimes neglected and even engaging in this kind of society on is quite difficult because research shows in the long run activity rates dropped on
online platforms you need approval mechanism to engage people over a longer period of time and 1 way might actually be
mined of course you don't wanna pay people for the participation of the processes that are concerned with common citizenship but
at KIT my colleagues and I are researching ideas around citizen budgeting and crowdfunding much like that on the platform does in the US already and would we're thinking it a bit differently imagine a city
government given out 5 or 10 dollars to each of the constituent and they can then propose ideas I that have a threshold and the other citizens can also invest in these projects on the on and cut thereby deciding which projects they realized and what not and this was
recommended to different types of people we have those that are short on time can only invest in the projects and move on and those that when it gets more engaged can get onto the platform and discuss at the ideas in further and this will
also speak to the neighborhood politics I mean think fix my but people can tap sports that need that fix things you can do the same with a crowdfunding platform and to come to a conclusion since run
stage is concerned with economic development and cooperation crowdfunding already works
with a very small budget and we know that the internet in the developing world is sometimes spreading facet of book constructions so why not
have a government that start with a very small budget trying to reach those that of further away from the capital with a crowdfunding platform all maybe even have an aid
organization said out with the crowdfunding platform try and ask them targeted communities upfront before projects that realize what they want to invest in and this is all a dream of the future without instruments of clarity on at the moment and and very soon and I hope to be
able to present some results of that research and maybe next next Republican meanwhile there ways of getting engaged in your society and 1 find examples is sitting right here
I so let's get into discussions few well on think it's summers for this really and very interesting insights that best practices from Argentina from Friesland which is my home region and from them in Sweden I think in Great Britain and still I'm wondering and if we may be drawn the attention it gets to and the developing world I have checked figures from the ITU and they're actually saying that's on more than two-thirds of people in developing countries will still remain unconnected by the end of 2014 in addition
more than 90 % of these people in the 49 least developed countries are without broadband access I think that's it we could go now I think when we're talking about developing countries 1 of the 1st prerequisite is actually the Internet access then I would say that the access to free information and that actually need to come to an end to Stefan pair ahead of asked the state hands on I would like you to maybe explain a bit to as how this platform works and so what we would have to have in mind when also implementing such projects in developing countries well thank you and so what the start last the state is website launched in Germany in 2011 and we in this case is the Open Knowledge Foundation Germany and Anderson freedom of information portal the 1st question what is freedom of information freedom of information has many meanings but in the meaning I'm talking uh uh meaning I I specifically mean and this at this point is a law the from of information law also known as stream of Information Act in other countries and in Germany we have many of those and then delivered 1 on the federal level this 11 more on the state levels and that we have will also different ones for the environment issues or personal protection issues and so it's very difficult for citizens who just wants information to get it because there are many laws of could apply or could multiply and they're um and also finding the right of public authority that has information might be difficult so my society and and NGO from the UK some the so called what do they know and the other on the back the ICU gender height and then that's a great idea and that is the following citizens can
go to website and social public authority and then right there will remove information across right that they just get like writing an e-mail to someone and the trick of the site is that uh the request is shown publicly everybody can have a look at at this regressors ongoing has the public authority has answered the request has a constant time the only answer truthfully hazard answered and all the information that was requested and that brings transparency to the whole thing off through information makes it more usable and makes it more transparent I would also argue that it makes it more efficient because public authorities on have to answer the same question twice since it's already on the web site and that kind of other points um for example also attention and many people they get information not only from for themselves but to further their own goals to them strengthen initiative they have and having this online having uh a website that you were all that you can share on Twitter and Facebook and with others to rally for your cause it's very important um you can bring more people and every and also up the pressure on public authorities to actually answer I'm going to uh the difference is really um that you have the right to know sort of the parts the budget dissipation mostly means and the government gives you an opportunity to make you've always heard or to do so you can say it to your opinion but if you have a law that that allows you to get information that they you've pretty of legal opportunity to get to something and you are not granted something by the world the WIM often of of the government but you actually know that there is a legal basis for your request and so
he in Germany um it's still shaky elements sir were moved from of information explodes and they they rank Germany um just looking at the at the loss of themselves about the practice with other loss and so they're engineer quite low in Europe and we don't have removed formation of forms of all constitution that makes many things very difficult for example the Claude who should have been here and that and uh this is from around and run has of information in the constitution and the chains of of things especially if you have to go to court to actually get information if it gives high up in the end the becomes um uh weighing to different legal rights and if you have a constitutional right to get access to information from a public body European a much stronger position in in Germany right now we don't about so some African countries are actually a bit further in some way so that they have a good legal basis and would but lacks is probably the practice and a frame of information portal can actually help them because it makes it repressed transparent encourages others to make similar requests and also follow and about the desire to get to the information thank you very much for the inputs and some by to my experience actually we do have a laws in many and partner countries that grant freedom of information but even we're talking about a tsunami of loss birds and
the lack is actually in the implementation so I think that would also be a something that you know we should concentrate on on what I found very interesting actually is that you just said that making the request publicly there is very and 1 condition for the whole in the participation process also to say that making it public also create some sort of stage and that the participation could actually be used as a tool for the multi k 2 to so to organize the critical crowds and he would just mentioning call tonight just like to and and and
talk about plots of protect and Rhonda because he's having a platform which is actually quite similar to to your platform OS the state hands it's called to say thank you does anybody know from the problem from yeah yes that's it think it was so much such of course knows uh um this you do the soft relatively behind the and the poor help them implemented in the country yet but the thing is when I when I when and went to his website this morning I mean it was just recently launched but when I look at all the states that site was which is actually super the
land and are successful I think you had the you will also awarded for criminal online word and so if it's at 5 thousand 288 request until 2 days and when we look at here it comes the named as all by new kid and society in Rwanda and I we have 29 requests and I'd like to have your opinion and what you think are the main challenges especially when it comes to developing countries to get a free access of for information so I'm I'm really expert on this topic um so the difference in the numbers is probably just use a lot in 2011 they just recently launched an but I can also see that I
could imagine that in countries and where you bear authorities are maybe more corrupt and a bit more difficult to handle it is a bit more difficult for citizens to do to get themselves to make requests she believed that the on the US 4 July hurt yeah OK make a request an answer but I believe that a believed the answer you know I think I'm just a just lied to me and I hope that from a from people in other countries as an 0 well that is like a completely different bases for some in Germany of I get a regret reply from the from the government yeah I think of course that's correct it's probably to correct because they permit phrase my question in a way that they could just answer around what I really wanted to know and but there are other to answer truthfully so it's it's also Maria trust thing and then I would definitely recommend that you of allow in the law and also the platform and to have uh to be an anonymous requests all his of you and to actually make your request and the property helps so humans what up there on the web site where a node the local police might be often you after roots and and we have also the John fructose other B so your request private from now and you can make the whole real communication public later but might also help in all and encourage people to to try it out before you know being in the spotlight of public in thinking and
then you know we were talking yesterday on and you said something very interesting he said maybe even in cases when there is a lot of data and online nowadays a lot of information online sometimes it's online in a way that it's not
comprehensive at all and maybe you could say Golub et and explain the and high at 1st of all thank you so much for this opportunity of stepping very less meaning uh I think it's I think of the chance to share some of my observations 1st as an excess information activists coming from a is the way in which America and now the firm there's a supporter of many organizations that are working in this field uh yeah that's that's a mutually thing that I've been many years working in the business of trying to make governments understand that they need to reuse acurate um accurate information that is granular that is primary so you can set up a few of intermediaries to work over a it's apply different values to it and be able to show it to the people and I think I need my the activists in organizations they're working on B is have of which there eater 10 years trying to the these and we have like a more much more clear idea of what the challenges ahead uh it's it's actually
really hard living 1st for the information providers to and understand their role and also for the intermediary to understand how government works and how can you translate diner we should all know how the structure that created that I works and there's a lot of information that is missing on the political process that could be really really helpful for people to be able to create more transparency and accountability in the civil society and what I mean to your remind the main advantages of an effective e-participation I I I I I think is that by saying that but from my experience like working in working this inverse image America uh this is like a region where there is great excitement for your participation uh we have like these young democracies ideas so busy where I'm from we now leaving our longest democratic period in history and that's like 25 years so can imagine this is like the chance of designing democracy in a period where we already have been entities and also comes a lot of a lot of problems because in 1 hand it seems like institutions and much more flexible and you have a chance to just being participation into every little thing that you're doing for the public good and that's 1 inside of a but there is also a problem of trust in over in institutions over all the problem of the
how much people which was that this can be good for the lion and also how much they're willing to participate uh I think he participation if great as if you can if you think of how we can open the dialog and any can create this lively community of people they're talking about a problem from their point of view that sometimes tend to be so distant from the point of view of those who were implementing public policies in I think with we have been really successful in doing this 1 I don't think we have been as successful in doing is how we get there in this conversation there is no broad active into something that interacts the political process that are not designed to be participatory and all the even in places like the the country comes from the has this young democracy history the I think every 1 of us was a fan of any of politics TV series no a bad decision making happens behind or if there's a lot of there there is there is a steam but there's also some flair the whole thing of like the the way power organized in it seems to be sometimes really obstruent if called to interact with so I think now it's time that we can view the breach between participation in the political system as these thank you that means
that what we would need to do is actually to and get the legal basis so that governmental institutions are also obliged to give free access to information that will mean that there has to be trust that those informations are actually the real and that's no around you know deals behind closed doors also people need to be illiterate and and what it is that is that it can be a nice open for a dialog and thus also strengthening democratic structures and were talking yesterday he was saying that also the problems sometimes is that even if we
have the chance to come to make the choice or 2 2 and to raise of always and that and even if it it's heard at that the things I'm from which we can decide are so not relevant for our life so that means or if the thing I can decide on has no
impact on my life is not making my life any better than the gain as you just said quoting and the example with the money how do we actually get the people also to use those tools even if they're there maybe you can also mean if you if you think about yeah you might have a different and if you think about it the of from a very little person perspective and then the money's coming from the citizens anyway and so why not shared with them right when given the
opportunity to spend the money where they think it's needed are rather than giving it to some bureaucrats who was in their thinking this might be needed there that 1 and the other thing is then politics is is very used to handling problems themselves and that's that's a good thing because we have a system of representation of the set of but maybe it's time for a new generation of political decision-makers and it is time for everyone to get engaged and have a chance to really shape politics in which is a mean which is really speaks to your point of having an a commitment behind the behind it we talked about that early on and in before the session there for a government of Germany not not even talk about developing countries the Federal government of Germany that this big huge discussion and that they 1 have and in in in dialog form with every citizen and you can go into the online platform and tell them what you think it needs to be fixed but they don't tell you what they do with that information what to do with it afterward and having committed a tiny bit had to I mean Ms. Merkel and I think there's a guy we went down and sell to the audience then went off and which is of I think is all too familiar sometimes and and so you you we just have to make the town and share some power and I think so that would mean that in processes
where people could actually articulate their wish and their request that there would be on then needs to be a feedback loop so that they actually know what is actually happening with them with what I want with what I engaged with I think also a of the participation as a tool is not actually an set the right way it could also be a boom around saying that well here we are you can participate and not knowing actually what happens with this kind of information people would just say OK well that's the you know I'm not trying to engage into this process that anymore well the
that do you know anything is they're actually also some some some link between e-participation and yeah fighting corruption yeah I believe so I think
that and core i the encryption it's it has a lot to do with trust right like granted political systems of course the level of trust into society is much is much lower for a reason and I believe engaged citizens have much more
conditions to oversee public activities and also to engage in any sort of solution that might be created and I I also I I I I also think that the problem with the way people understand corruption is that sometimes its way to relate it should the person problem a lot a systemic problem I see that happening that where I come from in some Latin American countries to there and have the political system is really complex and if we get more people participating on it I think they have like a writer a better chance understanding how it happens and then you can see that what sometimes seems to be like 101 corruption is just inefficiency or is just the overall difficulty to moving this really heavy machine and 1 thing that I a 1 thing that I think it's a great result of this
community in the last few years like people that have been implementing a participation tools especially on this this aside science is this feud of specialists there people they have a great technical skills but also became specialists In in politics they became specialists in political system I think 17 fully like that in everything like how much you learn about access to information when you actually implement and access to information platform you get to all all the little bits of how the system works in these few of specialists they are not many of them and are really active in the political field as well and I think this is part of the new generation they're talking about that I think are not only on under-represented on the side of the represent that use but also these intermediaries in like civil society people that can Dr. organizations and movements also have the technical skills and understand how the system works and I think they can be really key to move this forward to actually get their achievements that we want from this from these activities clearly thank you that means that e-participation ancestors thus creating more transparency would also leads to to on
limiting corruption would also actually helped to and make democrats the democratic systems more legitimised by the people because then they can actually participate in all the decision-making and Chevron and at the way in which then we look at the clock and stance this would be what we look at the model that I just introduce the beginning this would be still let's say at the at the bottom because when we talk about Internet access than actually providing a tool and intermediary and to to and help the users uh form from late their requests and urged them the uh the the public institutions to actually answer the question request but still if I have the information what happens next so think information is the basis for a really participation of for example we
had a referendum here Berlin about that of affairs in the event of apple to and and the people learn in power right they they could really change something by voting to you I buildings on our of effect or not but in order to actually understand what's happening behind the scenes we had some regress on parton shower for example how much does the standard all the specific institutions spent on advertising and for that campaign right and that you know shows you how how committed they are to
certain aspects you gives you background information on what you actually voted on and I think so the participation can be a good thing it's like bound to like the legal um um promise like for example a liquid land that there's like a legal binding that the decision goes to into some profit process and we have a similar thing but very weak thing without federal parliament
where where we have also like a petition side but then with the petition is acceptable only go to into some committee and then likely died and which is also kind of sad moves such preservation of and and so I think alike badly participations actually should be considered harmful as simply because if I participate in something that I I spend my time I um some energy as I write things down I I really want something to change and then the and nothing happens all the opposite happens I'm I'm just less trustful I won't do it again and I'll probably don't our you know is this like I probably try something completely different uhm yes so that that can
just do to complete other way so if you actually doing a participation that they put it into and they write down what you gonna do with with the outcome and try actually to to put it in some kind of law that's the best thing for example Germany was still missing a federal referendum no and that would be like a really good thing uh that should happen middle contingently fights with and and that would actually put you you know that would make the participation you know more real thinking and again when we look at
the examples that it is not presented the coming back to the that free stands and you all remember that that picture with that ID card
that really scared me because I think that privacy is probably 1 of also uh prerequisites for a functioning e-participation we look at Brazil dictatorship with over overthrown in 1988 and I'm still also when we look at developing and countries a lot of our friends in autocratic states for example have very hesitant to use such tools even if they are there because they're just simply I'm afraid of being persecuted so I think that privacy issues to really actually not people to engage is also 1 of the the key the keys for free participation absolutely but um they are technologies that
can help you with that cryptic review is is very much an advanced uh at this point in time and you can use it perfectly to have and to secure and these these kind discussions and and have that in some of autocratic states as well and the same goes for simple methods as subsumes and an anonymous forms of discussions as well and then you should be as an organizer afraid Treaty of of having this and discussion with synonyms because you can simply and prevent people from posting like hate and send them messages that's actually also very interesting um because looking at at some my limited experience with the participation in the Balkans that was actually a bit of a big issue for us because like having a moderator that was like so sort of the map that we wanted to install and people could actually vote on how the municipal budget should be spent and we were talking about having a moderator also because we didn't want to have any hate speech didn't want to have any hostile comments but that is actually also some sort of pre censorship and
so I think that's also a little bit the issue of having this equilibrium between privacy on the 1 hand not trying to to pre sensor commons and that's also something that 1 has to have in mind and let me just quickly see if inquiry was let's some time left and so when I was um and looking in the Internet I found a very nice the speech of fuels and sound yeah are you have this it I thought brilliant
claim and that is let me just say I remembered crypto is defendants where as and free information is attack could you quickly just tell us what that means so this claim came about at their cares communication progress of the big hacker Congress aware that most
people know about crypto so cryptography how to secure that may soldiers and a cryptic messages to other people around but many of them don't know but how to how to ask for information from the Government and while the krypton cryptography really helps to junior state for a private especially in a day and age of of them as a and B and D and which it is still vital to actually also not only defend yourself progenitor also goes out and you're try to change something and my proposal as some of the biased by this platform and is to make a fire requested to also to make you govern more transparent and so this is this is the basis of a group cryptos you defense and you should definitely also consider that but if you if you're doing anything you should also you go on the offense which is always important and because in office is the best defense as as the fingers and I wonder apostle can be of through information to measure so go to start today and after Government something for example the BM
that's right they uh they just didn't deserve some more request they don't have that many uncharged objects and and can think your colleagues later well I I think it's 7th was very and interesting thought and I'd like to maybe also here a little bit more from from grassroots level what I like the biggest challenges also in implementing are trying to engage people to actually use but get active to do to raise their voice and use ICT tools actually to to formulate this dilate with and political decision makers I think that I think 1st of all the learning curve for a mean of this important topics that 1 true connected this performs huge so when you're talking about budget as an
example and by countries that have participatory budget initiatives just like understanding public budget is just really hard like it's been all the time of my life trying to make it was like it's something it it is sometimes completely out of 80 any sort of comparison for a whatever is on the grassroots level as an example so In order to be able to engage people sometimes you have to translate so much that information that it gets tool that is meaningful for someone that is just like for for 4 seats and they're just once reports a pink and then wind up losing the capacity of participating in the a broader decision making about budget so I think I think I told you this isn't a talking yesterday that Brazil has like of a great tradition of participatory budget but now what people can actually decide on comparing all the policies that exist in the country's less than 6 per cent than the budget so you have like this great learning curve to be able to understand what is going on when you can pass that that's what you get to the site so this is really this doesn't help engagement at all and I I agree with 7 that the lack of a feedback loop the fact that many times there is not a commitment that you're talking about for there to be used also doesn't really help you can create like a large movement of people that want to use the stools and in the end when when you finally get them to trust you introduce that at the end sometimes it'll have you you don't close the loop you don't know what this is going to be useful for in a right now I think this is the part that we cannot solve yet you know I think all of welcome there were there is of course
like communications being label being able to explain really complex issues to a broad audience this is all really hard and there are civil society organizations and movements working on this and they're doing like a great job what this to really difficult is to be able to wear and tear that this information is going to be used and I think this commitment that we keep talking about here cannot be verbal is like side it has to be in the law has to be part of the design of the institutions as they're being created because this is all being created a political system is not like a natural thing he didn't come from anywhere so if now we have tools that can create more perturbations in the institutions they should Lucius react to that and not octopus closed as they are right now and I think this breach it's is to really difficult for us to 1st tackle when we definitely need policymakers committing to this we hear all the time well it has to be you know the political institutions that have to react upon that that really have to actually have the feedback loop who also and there has to be an outcome of this but also when we draw
maybe the attention of it because also we know that there are a lot of actually Liquid Democracy pro Jack story participation projects and where the users were simply not along so it's also I guess the duty of the citizen actually to get engaged whatever reasons why those kind of project die the and it's not very
many fold um and having it it's hard to say really on but I think as I as I mentioned earlier and you need a motivation and to get countries platforms if they're not designed very well it
both in terms of them looks as as as well as in terms of processes and it's not worth for citizens to engage and and then of course you need as he said literacy and so we need to add at maybe already at school level of processes and and the classes to tell students and what their and opportunities would be and it shouldn't ended saying you can go to the ballot and elect a party that you should be and it's thank you just got assigned there nearly
done and let's just quickly uh seize the day use this opportunity and I like to make a little just a short rounded pinch maybe 3 recommendations each to political decision makers also for German Development Corporation what needs to be done in order to foster e-participation protect maybe 1 of 4 you know colleagues share your power as money out for from new kind of engaging technologies and 2nd of our a recommendation for the audience don't let yourself be fooled and go out and really don't fight the part but ask them to share with you yeah the front and yes so I always like it when um the elected John institutionally grouping institution goes to Africa and things they can make transparency perfect there well at home they're still have loads of homework to do that because then we have like many many problems if example uh when Anderson and mister there from the just talk some point of 1 point for example was don't don't outsourced to private companies from the game that is like a prime example that that the GIZ is their their private company where every will all the bugs out source and that is actually more difficult to get information from the GSS just because the private company so also you know preach um so to others know what should be but also you up at home and it's um but definitely and the participation can only work if there is a basis for it in the bases must be in the mall that means that also we would have to have in mind I'm not only to engage transparency and participatory process and when it comes to actually formulating development policy but also when it comes to implementation organizations to share their experiences OK and you know I think the what you preach is a very good advice and I think that happens like to the external world 2 seasons but also internally I think the design of these projects tend to be really close trick to certain departments and it just me more than that I think designed when designing a participatory process these and non is is any participatory and false think less about the overall participation part of it and like the flesh until they interviewed but they're fully take time feeding of accountability mechanisms in how we are going to make that commitment however in close the feedback loop like think I think we have to think this is a process and designed the entire thing so from the from for from the part receipts his wings and doing part to the time that is actually that you can do something with that you can show results on it and also make it a part of your of your government serve overall of decision making process for public policies and things like moving from participation to love they think I think it's about time like perturbations something that invite people to come over and then you pay attention to them or not I think it is like how we're going to use the ability that we have now to engage people and get people to participate to design public institutions in a different way and this is I think it's just like moving from this participation conversation sure governors conversations is really about time with that we did that thank you very very much actually I'd like to do and not plan was to summarize it all but I think is some that's actually great point and there we we could just put so much information also found a lot of homework to do for us I think that was also very clear the your points are from the panelists and I'd like to end up with the quotes by you Daniel M. van and that and politics doesn't belong to politicians but it belongs to the people thank you very much thank
the of the the
Nachbarschaft <Mathematik>
Fakultät <Mathematik>
Hinterlegungsverfahren <Kryptologie>
Service provider
Lineare Regression
Generator <Informatik>
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Explosion <Stochastik>
Selbst organisierendes System
Demoszene <Programmierung>
Virtuelle Maschine
Gewicht <Mathematik>
Reelle Zahl
Fächer <Mathematik>
Endogene Variable
Binder <Informatik>
Offene Menge
Wort <Informatik>
Prozess <Physik>
Element <Mathematik>
Physikalischer Effekt
Digitale Spaltung
Sampler <Musikinstrument>
Plot <Graphische Darstellung>
Konfiguration <Informatik>
Arithmetisches Mittel
Projektive Ebene
Web Site
Zellularer Automat
Transformation <Mathematik>
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Leistung <Physik>
Fundamentalsatz der Algebra
Physikalisches System
Hydrostatischer Antrieb
Tablet PC
Registrierung <Bildverarbeitung>
Umsetzung <Informatik>
Partielle Differentiation
Gesetz <Physik>
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Kartesische Koordinaten
Befehl <Informatik>
Kategorie <Mathematik>
Güte der Anpassung
Mobiles Internet
Gebäude <Mathematik>
Kontextbezogenes System
Software Development Kit
Rechter Winkel
Stabilitätstheorie <Logik>
Baum <Mathematik>
Klasse <Mathematik>
Automatische Handlungsplanung
Abgeschlossene Menge
Open Source
Arithmetische Folge
Demo <Programm>
Open Source
Thermodynamisches Gleichgewicht
Abstimmung <Frequenz>
Prozess <Informatik>
Stützpunkt <Mathematik>
Lateinisches Quadrat
Figurierte Zahl
Software Development Kit
Konstruktor <Informatik>
Verkettung <Informatik>
Twitter <Softwareplattform>
Geschlecht <Mathematik>
Strategisches Spiel
Interaktives Fernsehen
Kombinatorische Gruppentheorie
Zusammenhängender Graph
Diskretes System
Hasard <Digitaltechnik>
Mapping <Computergraphik>


Formale Metadaten

Titel E-Participation & Freedom of Information in Africa, Latin America & Europe
Serientitel re:publica 2015
Teil 126
Anzahl der Teile 177
Autor Bornemann, Katrin
Silberhorn, Thomas
Wehrmeyer, Stefan
Migisha Kalisa, Claude
Wagenknecht, Thomas
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/31876
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Produktionsort Berlin

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Perspectives on digital participation in Africa, Latin America and Europe. Democracy will be revolutionized. Still to many citizens remain inactive when it comes to political engagement. Their silence is a threat for democracies. Luckily, there are web tools around the world that putting the promise of more direct participation into action. How do participation platforms have to be designed to foster inclusive democratic participation? What challenges need to be undertaken to foster active e-citizenship. What are the prerequisites for an effective and active e-participation? What can Freedom of Information projects learn from each other in making political information accessible to citizens?

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