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Digital South: Principles for using digital technologies to foster freedom of expression

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Digital South: Principles for using digital technologies to foster freedom of expression
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Freedom of expression in countries of the Global South is challenged by undemocratic regimes, human rights abuses, inequality, poverty, surveillance, lack of access to information and poor media literacy. However, digital technologies are being used in creative, innovative, democratic and collaborative ways to help solve problems and improve people’s lives. To learn more from innovators of the Global South, DW Akademie brought together leading journalists, activists and media development specialists from 14 different countries to discuss how they are using digital technologies to make changes in their countries and communities. Along with transferring knowledge, the goal was to...
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so yeah
and hello everyone and
on behalf of the to which the academy thanks very much for your own
to well panel session it's very much appreciated and I know that help are excited to talk about how the using digital technology to foster freedom of expression and information my name is guy a freelance journalist and I also work with the data you Academy for on media development projects now for those of you who might not be quite familiar with the work of T. W. Academy it's the international media Development Division of torture Germany's international broadcaster and the focus of the DW Academy is on developing free and
transparent medium around the world as well as improving the skills of journalists now recently the data can we want to explore digital projects in countries all of the global south they're making a a
real impact of trend proofread of expression and what emerged from this project was the cell to cell manifested a set of principles to help guide how to use digital unintelligible to foster freedom of expression I
will talk more about these principles a little later but 1st let me introduce to you the 3 innovators so through a working with us that 3 of 14 innovators through helped create the self self manifesto we have Dickens full away and the founder of African sky can that using drones for journalism work we have to think each n from Cambodia the who is the managing editor of The Open Data initiative Open Development Cambodia and we have a hundred like a tennis ball the Sun from Guatemala and she's the editor-in-chief of the inverse of website plus Republica now if your tweeting something we are DW underscore Academy ended media Dave as you can see on
L slide which is going slower lightly L of how much is reset it's a good hash tag forest the correct because of me
today is a good hash tag and forced to which we belong no here in Berlin
of Republic of I think we hear a lot about technology we hear the word
innovation of lots we hear about the hopes and aspirations of using the internet and technology to make a better world but but how do you do that it's a really big question I think more specifically for an organization such as Dw academy but yeah it's is coming to more to focus on questions on your how do you know and support the development of of freedom of expression how you protect the rights of journalists and how did you get more to to make information accessible to to citizens especially with of freedom of the might of freedom of information is is challenged or or threatened so got 3 great guests
to type give us some insight the Internet and tell them about their projects which we think of making an impact in their communities and the countries Dickens can week we start with you using drawings for journalism can you give us a snapshot of what you were doing to explore Hell drones can be used in journalism in Africa and and elsewhere as well so I so in 20 12 out of African news that innovation challenge I was a competition open that invited African journalists to submit digital solutions to the challenges of ICT in general is a facing a covering stories and it
just happened that are out of all the time we had floods in Kenya and I absorbed how can in general is what covering this story and I picked up a few things with a 1 which was uh I realize that there were hiring local fishermen uh unit raw about to try and get as close as possible to some marginals is uh because they wanted to tell you the story about the scale of the disaster the other thing I mean there were risking their lives uh and expensive equipment and then the other thing that in the story as well is that when it came to getting the aerial of visuals of of the story the old feature right and police helicopters and that for me there was lot a question over editorial independence so I paged of African sky item are which show using civilian drones like the DJI Phantom you can see that on the home screen
and and it's a local solution for um as compared to cost the helicopters and as well as a eat Alpers override the challenges over embedded journalism and you know we've done a number of stories so we've covered we've
covered political rallies and and the most recently the this is the or 1 exciting project would be these uh last year uh in November and this is a dump
site in Nairobi's about 2 kilometers square and what would be the with the story is that we went into the area and you know I got a very good a visual all of the dump site but then went even farther away we developed a 3 D model
of the dump site now my uh you know I always say that my slogan when it comes to draw these old stories new perspectives the story of this dump site has been torn over over the years that is controversial because the downside was set up in the 19 seventies as a uh you know to solve the whole uh in trash problem in the city but the downside
has grown over time it's now health hazards we have people who uh you know the this insecurity problem that created by the
by that of the dump site so that what we were doing is that of using a debt of producing the 3 D model providing people with a platform where they can have on a massive experience with the story so uh I you know you can actually uh this too much fly around uh the whole damn site and see whether schools are and appreciate why it's a controversial story and something needs to be done about it and Dickens African
sky cameras also is you your calling it Africa's 1st drawn journals and it is of the because mean
we we we were the faster in the in the space to actually go out there and provide a professional I you know professional use cases and will which switch and when when it when it comes to journalism and the I'm I must not the use of that uh in January this year the Kenyan government sent out and most used by banning of the use of drones so in in the civilian space and and they call you know the they say that you know the uh there also are concerned that
the the could be a threat to national security so uh because I can't operate and the right now I'm
I'm nights journalism fellow at Stanford and what I'm walking on a at the moment is
how to integrate of this technology in the civilian space and and for it to be used in in journalism the Dickens thank you so Pinky
your Open Development Cambodia is a working on United's Open Data initiative can you just tell us something about the challenges you face in doing that sort of work in a country where Internet penetration is this to be quite quite long an Open Development
Cambodia was started in 2011 was to our itself initiative that is probably best explained to you here as an intersection between open data and data journalism and we tell the truth and on factual information the aggregated has information on our economic environmental and social development of our topics and an hour before 2011 in about is as an aide the solute booming industry that the same time the social conflicts as potential environmental pour problem and to try and understand this problem was quite difficult because information often incomplete or contradicting or are considered to be sensitive and therefore no consensus even controversial and therefore dangerous people didn't want to be associated with
organizational group that are doing dangerous work a controversial work and then therefore thinking of having access to information in this field I might be might pose a danger to them as well and what we did was like OK let's
try to art divorce advocacy from data and information let's try to present information as they are not and that tried to abrogate all these and give people all the references in all the source of where the information is coming from and to to let them make their own judgment about issues what you see here is interactive map on a website we
probably digitize about more than 700 documents from government from NGO from private sector from the news media to create this map that you can see how will I scale industrial you know land concession and overlapping with natural protected area and how it's affecting hydrology how mining projects are kind of like gather together in where forest area hot and you can see an interlaced up the little blue dots those numbers are village this so you can actually actually out by mapping sensors days are in in relation with the status that you can tell how many villages are within the
boundaries of a concession so what's happening to their life and by doing so we allow people to see issues at a micro level and to track all these issues and with regard to the internet penetration so about 5 years ago we have 10 % of the population having access to the internet and now they have about 20 which is they they did but that doesn't letters reach out
to them as much as we we we can because we had online platforms and therefore we're reaching out to the offline community by partnerships partnership
with other organizations other media project and here we have an example of a project we have conducted
with our doesn't Academy as a partner funded by GIZ we worked with us 3 other media
organizations NGO media organization I'm an and included it had journalism training where the data collected get put into practice and between journalists from the mainstream media houses to use this data to tell the story and that the people are
experiencing something as challenge for their life and with these kind of review the study from the journalist and this data and then we went along and conducted radio call-in show in public forums where that duty bearers are brought together to face the people and then the media organization facility that discussions of y being a farmer is increasingly becoming even more difficult what I'll be doing wrong and you know the data show that we suppose we get paid this much far right but we only get paid like 30 % of that what else can we do so then we turned the discussion to not OK via pro this organization or again this organization but to
say this is how we are experiencing and this is the days as a white it was at a national level so what is the missing the missing pitches and wells can be do and I vocal development Cambodian of other that you are the 1st data aggregation is in Cambodia and also in the region and we had a fast data
aggregator of this kind in Cambodia and I also believe in the region we're not 1st Open Data project but not the 1st mapping platform but it the 1st that kind of bring these different dataset different perspective and also a different kind of information news report and data and data visualization together and tell the story in a neutral and journalistic approach so not generalize denialist ourselves but the the
use of and and data visualization from the General Assembly which is something that really inspiring for work and
and and by doing that we are air actually pioneering in this field by Coleman also in Asia the q of 100 in your in Berlin at a time when back home in in in Guatemala there's huge demonstrations on on on the streets anti-corruption protests calling for the resignation of President Molina and to be just just a little bit about the work of plus public and also what role plus a public and investigative website might play particularly at a critical time like this and you less belief that a it's bigger plan is
doing death a journalism and you will make a bigger explanation of these complicated country that is what the my laptop 36 years a lot of water just 18 years ago we saying that the peace so it's a complicated country and or planners tried tool to find other ways to see the reality that have been part of the new aid into a we still lead in that that called where a story or a sort of that of lesser pulley gay still investigate the relationship between EU aid the
economical powers send and that organized crime and the political power so all these all these stories that they're crossing around and the alien rule in the case of that of that practice in each being like the the the EU is that that the people and went out to the streets through
protest and say that the are just tired of the system in this case is about bad the corruption of the corruption have been like a plane that everybody's agrees because seen all their and other things everybody thinks the phrase that corruption is like an lay down they gave you what people cares about it eventually what exactly it affects everyone sold
Babylon of classical heating these cases just we're not so interested in the breaking news that we already have common its begin about it paid to the medial sits at that but we do these
research we already about these great stories about corruption and we try to explain to that to that to that we there is any whats going on behind the protest that with the brothers and why is this happening and what can you you do happen around an old like me go it's the nation is
lake AM we did with the saying Congress that learn seen and that and here he say the genocide
trial that happen 2 years ago so we decide to do that currents the great big this is the optimal proof of Guatemala Civil War exactly a it's the
same general let's say that it's a a for a
for genocide soul anyway be that they made a coverage that will select the sea to the people he's here because he made all these things you know because the media and these frames the didn't explain all these all these things and stories and genes so we start to do research about the past soul is this kind of thing that
we do have been in making back in the present that explaining all around thank you very
much and 100 correct past all of you and me when here in Berlin were here in the European capital and it it might it modern assumption that of in journalists
media from the global cell from developing countries look north the inspiration morpho ideas is is that still the case with the with all of you or you know turning towards each other trying to to to find
ideas from each other so in table so again and I think this is definitely a myriad different looking at uh each those
countries I mean if you look at our political I mean the situation is that the 80 the emerging form on which aquatic system or we have a pseudo democracy and and by and large we usually have as government in place which are not very friendly to the to the to the media and uh you know it is really interesting for us to look at each other and see how we actually navigating uh you know this really really it's a tough environment and you know how we using innovation and then that innovation is not necessarily a used to be the most simple as a single how so 1 of the media houses me divinization is using as a medicine I remember 1 a project that really sticks uh
indices we had of the of the get together and kept on the last year of the project in India are whether using an IVR system in a country with a from that really interesting that immediate countries on a big democracy that only has like 1 radio station and water so uh of the journalist
from of well from India was doing was and he was using an IVR system to pretty much do some sort of you or you know citizen journalism so citizens obviously using mobile phones using mobile mobile
phones are too pretty much have a
already system where people can contribute stories that also listened to the 2 stories and it's just a question of how can we use also that replicate or scale of assistance system in environments and navigate through the kind of legal situation the front of the other of that system must work around in
India where I if you not aware All India Radio the the state broadcaster really has the monopoly on radio
news they're up a new community radio stations but some some broadcasting news is is still something which some resent not allowed to do In the 1st of all we don't
think that the word targeting north and south we don't feel that arrears have aid or
its upper countries or lower countries we see that I am talking from let you make not just think what what the many Central American effect in so we think more in regions you know and AA with that Nora countries just like a OK things to see and for information but would we piracy saying that in off all aid in Latin especially in the example of of people that they leave you see situations that have the same 8 challenges so far as he's mora inspired in to see what great and a a magnificent guarantees terribly in doing around sold some species for us all
at least in point again this is this is more of a trimmed of Rubin of investigative websites organizations in Latin America to to start working together like like that in same emerging like
a lot of the keep and especially the valley is basis in Latin America and in we also shared their media had proper the concentration of the media properties so that you these huge traditional media and that the stacked into make the different aid work billion in death in a journalist and the thing that we we trust in the same soul we are creating in like a great alliances between sharing information and so this is so I think this is still possible for for their region for deceit to seek information because of the different but the
North-South divide in your not me we have some influence which we
cannot don't have it we can validate that that it's more like that that Diana and that debate that think is more around me and thank you you you in
Cambodia I I think all 4 are in our experience more like how was how do we approach this and they
did not want timelines when he 1st in 2011 we don't know that there's something called Open Data of it is thought that you know there's all these and documentation and publication from the government that people don't have access to that they out there has always been hundreds of our digitized these document in markets and we give them the references because we want to protect us out by saying they not making this up this is what you put out in public and this is what we make of it and then have I and have a global learn about data journalism and is kind of come together so that only looking at OK was the best practice practice for Open Data for for data visualization of capacity building and things like that we look to the global north and a and then when we look at OK how do we deal with our own challenges because we have defamation law and we don't have access to information and we have a draft cybercrime law and in the political environment and this year that Cambodia is is having a similar to some of our country and our neighbors so how how do they deal with these things and by
looking at what they're doing and how they're dealing with this able to learn from them and dried up on strategy so that we can be safe so
that we can protect the space for operation like that is still going on and to still happen to so create values because all of you I even so
common mode of switching points come at the beginning of the the Republic of about and and and and talking about trust trust in government a lack of trust in government and in media lots of different institutions what can what can we do as as media as me your organizations as journalists to to really support people to to be active in society to be engaged and to participate them and hopefully using technology in different tools to or achievement in my in my case so we have a situation like a state where the canon government just uh Banditron the and we have a professional interest in using this technology uh and media freedom is guaranteed in the constitution uh
access to information as well as guaranteed in the Constitution so we are left with the situation or what do we do and I think right now I see a great opportunity for us to engage with government and in fact all of the 22nd over all role as part of my Jonas my fellowship was Stanford for I you know I walked with the Center for Investigative Reporting and and use of at Google to organize a conference that brought together drew manufacturers Moria's and generous and academics to discuss the future role of drums I intended to bring this composition to Africa because I think of the we have this model other think a sweeping generalization here but I think
uh most centers of Africa have this kind of a top down kind of a model where the government say we don't like this technology we don't like these we binding them as a threat to national security so what we're doing is setting up you want to do is to set up a platform where we bring them to the table they can tell
us what the concerns we can sell to them which are interesting because if the bounds of the innovation I think it's you the technology that it's killing innovation I think so I think more engagement more honesty and I think we find ourselves
in those kind of situations where you know our government is probably not friendly to the media because of some historical events and I think what we need to do instead of just sounding of a corner and doing nothing to complain about this how can we engage them how can we approach the how we meet them at the point where the willing to engage so I think that would be much and more in the sort of approach just
for the just have some quick remarks about because we we are pressed for time I think that there the most important thing is information quality information complete information sold for as for
lesser point could that that deal or that now objective he's just below the forum so that practice very gonna be like anger practice they're going to be engaged in practice and and to generate debate that think the so healthy also soul I would say that information and
for us it will be in in the in the domain of access information is too
I believe in the strength in number and therefore by establishing and good practices and standards something that everyone knows who's involved with and participate in the process understand and it's a transparency and what we're doing and and then by using technology to to to show people that in Cambodia at least it is OK to ask questions it's OK to be curious it's OK to want to see what's happening with a budget information not
dangerous for well educated caution but but but but can be used for good yeah it can be
used the end and I love them known
previously it because of how the media have become abuse median information as propaganda add to training people thing in its own way and also this this technology is kind of a risk and that goes with having access to certain information for example they're working the forest cover and he was a while you're doing that it is not supposed to this is sensitive the government going to do that and what he published this so so their questions like that sometimes even from from academic so that's something that had overcome was devoid in thinking about what kind of technology we have to use but
we had to change the people's minds and the attitude toward having access information thank you very much as in the remaining components that we have larger so that you know the about the manifest which I'm now innovators of developed on the show the
website that you can go to 0 and let
me just show you the website it's not yeah
just to go back let's OK so academy daughter dw dr dt forward slash
s to its manifesto it's in 5 languages are English Arabic Spanish India and Uganda of its it's a set of 7 principles it's a very depth document that is also a list of
recommendations so it's not just lofty ideals there is also a concrete recommendations which media
organizations I can really put into action and thank you much for your attention and please if you got the questions for our panelists afterward so to grab victory much
in the