Geodesign: An Introduction to Design with Geography


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Geodesign: An Introduction to Design with Geography
Title of Series
Baker, Matthew
Thompson, Critter
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FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
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Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
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Portland, Oregon, United States of America

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Geodesign, at its most basic, is design with geography. It is the combination of the tools and techniques geographers and other geoscientists use to understand our world with the methods and workflows designers use to propose solutions and interventions. For instance, the typical master planning process in which GIS-based knowledge is separated from the design process can be turned into a geodesign task by sketching buildings and other land uses directly within a GIS, and seeing indicators update on the fly as various data graphics. This can then allow the designer(s) to pinpoint specific design interventions based on live feedback from geospatial information.Over the last 10 years, technology has facilitated an explosive growth in geodesign as both a framework for solving problems and a toolkit of geospatial analyses that feed into that framework. The growth of the Geodesign Summit in Redlands, CA from 2010 to 2014 is an example of the demand for this sort of framework.Parallel to the rise of geodesign, the tools represented by FOSS4G have also been evolving into sophisticated tools capable of taking on the needs of geodesign. However, to date there's been too little discussion of how to take the framework and working methods of geodesign and accomplish them with open source tools. This session will connect those dots by taking the typical parts of a geodesign framework (suitability analysis, sketching/designing, evaluating/comparing, iterating) and outlining our own experience making use of open source tools for geodesign. In particular, we will focus on how the interoperability of open source tools and the growth of web-based geospatial tools can support (and evolve!) the ways that geodesign is done.This presentation will address:What is geodesign: the conceptual framework and typical use cases for geodesignWhere are we: workflows and tool stacks we've used and seen others use to dateWhere could we go: identifying current gaps and pain points in existing stacks and possible solutions from emerging technologies
urban planning
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are aggravated for common and feel very honored to be here presenter fostering international commonsense also very honored to cut introduced this concept of due designed to the brains of the fast for community so I've a working guy would geo design for several years maybe even before I heard the word you design maybe even you have been working would you design for a long as well so what's the difference between simply GIS analysis and an NGO resides all that can can explain that to you I can propose that or that I can propose some solutions that we may need and altered just kind of explain like how do you design can benefit greatly from open source geospatial for a number reasons so give it a that that chiropractor
actually and the major incidents amazing this happen to be in there and skimming through symmetry by this article about birds and center Valley California and how the Nature Conservancy is using data the gathering you bird sightings from the Cornell Lab more ontology the overlay now with water and like with other kinds like wetland habitat data that they have and the prioritizing where they want to buy farmland I should say rent farmland from farmers in the Sacramento Valley so that they can delay when they flood those when they chop of those fields when they flood those fields and basically when they get the agriculture back on my so that it they can flood the fields and that provide habitat for birds so what they do is they get the data the make design they apply the other they go out and make they give some money the farmers in this they hold off on bunny across a other monsters got all these birds coming through the use of 9 million acres of habitat the central valley california down to less than half a million acres it's another getting this up and out again the farmers to help out so this is 1 of the best examples of you design I can think of it I just haven't upon is literally last week so again the data it follows that we we know now that we've got all this technology geospatial another to do our analysis where do you design comes in is where we do what we call designing
evaluation we make a map this is a great
sketch a release a diagram the friend of mine created back a desert I used to work as we adore Denmark short for DEM above schools and do some consulting with the city of boulder which will talk about afterwards so this kind of is a
diagonal in a plurality of the whole concept here I'm flip around the colors and kind used illustrate different concepts of your design we make a map we've done this before we have the technology we know about this we do spatial analysis we do overlay analysis we do Rasta we do vector we do all this kind of stuff was it do it informs where we want to create something where we want to design something the whole thing about you design a word separates itself from traditional GIS is now we're doing design over top of that not that we've created so all the work that went into that analysis now we wanna draw something over top we wanted to draw some areas around going to get wetlands we won maybe draw some areas that you this trying land use plans or whatever might be i we interact with that sketch parking that sketch that design inform us as to how we're doing so this is really do you design so we map we design and evaluate and we take action so the like that plan that the Nature Conservancy came up with a big if they took that plan they give the money to the farmers now birds of habitat for hours and so grow the crops and everything's great won't talk about the drug that's another talk FIL it becomes due design and how we define this fall on my mentors of India desires Bill Miller he's a design and then he was that as we then use the design it and use that as we think that happen like 4 5 times now is a designer against father retired with notable design in geographic space for geographic spaces the life zone of the planet so he did a great talk which our reference at the end called wide you're designing a goes into a great discussion of design itself so designed to create life in the life of the planet the if we take this into consideration again with the birth thing or any kind of design we're trying to accomplish these days I think you design kind of fits into that quite nicely so the academic brains behind this whole you design thing is Carl Science at MIT there harvested sampled so was long definition GO design apply systems thinking the creation of proposals for change and impact simulations and their geographic torn context usually supported by digital technology the longest definition but 1 of the things I'll sort of say that you design the software agnostic and he's done some really good talks and you can see his most recent talk at the design summit this past year where really is not too much software involved there's a lot of paper sketching the scanning of those sketching kind ruling to see what kind of the designs all had in common it's a really brilliant stop that has nothing to do with Sofitel pen-and-paper so again that's kind of what the designer lives or is the GIS for some geo person where they can live in the digital space and will bring all this together so I would then defines you design as a framework for
designing geographic space let's go back to our diagram here where we map design and evaluate and we act and was but then on its side and I figured you design is scalar at a certain scalar accomplishing different tasks when we look at the state California were looking at the wetlands were looking at the neighborhood at that scale of the wetlands are gathering data at the regional level wetland data bird citing data whatever might be good onto another scale now we use are map to direct action down to the next scale to another level right so they were doing something at the next scale were designing and evaluating it smaller scale I want to kind of how that plan might reduce an action so we think about what our technology as all this open source
technology we have available the adding up quite a bit of the open source technology that we were looking at that we've thinking about developing understanding again offers quite a bit to do you design the on my conversations bias towards this post yeah system posters salaries this poster system answers so many questions solve so many problems for what I was trying to get the other software to do I can do now posters as a core I will call a database of spatial database and could ask the question was a visiting a spatial database and geodatabase the maybe I can explain that so at a certain scale we a database it does our analysis however there might be a might be posed as a might be a decide greater on grass GIS in here a lot of great tools and there's well whatever that analysis results in at leads us down to the next scale where would you were doing data input looking added at somewhat of a dashboard system to give us feedback about our design it looks at the line that we drew the polygon we drew the point that we drew it gives us information about that is it based on what we drew it on top of is it in relation to itself is in relation to the numbers that have attached to an area value will talk about that and then at the very bottom ones I've come up with that plan how do I get it out to our needs to go we've got
plenty of web mapping tools now we've also got of course tools to create the old-fashioned paper maps we have tools to gather input will take a look at some examples are being deployed right now and all this can contribute to Jews on this framework it's now 1 product is not 1 body is no 1 application it's a whole lot of things and there's no 1 answer for geo design because this framework is so big you really apply properties of this framework and a lot of the different work that a lot of people are doing NASA and who in here is doing simply GIS or whatever you might be doing or who might be an urban planner at her friends with an urban planner you could admit that OK everybody has something to benefit from you design and like I said you may be doing it right now you may have been doing it for a long time so what I think is kind of an example of an of it you design stacks like as set of this post yeah system but the
database to the work this is the whole concept of a spatial database why would I wanna run all these extra tools trail these extra datasets manage all this extra information when the databases built for that and this morning talked up already did explain eloquently that the database just a spatial database it's just why
spatial data treated so much differently than any other data you lock yourself into a system where you have to then use only spatial data tools we should be learning you should be using tools and learning tools that interact with data as a whole there is an extra column but process has a lot of functions that you work with that spatial data within the spatial database was earnings super of suppose the sequel post yes vote TG during we can create things like spatial view social realities can work and how they in the dashboard and kind of in a proposed here and other such data on the desktop psyche GIS desktop client we know that it's open source so this is where open source helps us now because the sketching tools and there are basic a lot of people really focused on how do we get better sketching tools with more feedback and pressure sensitive and Pan and all this kind of stuff that's great I think that there's a huge potential here take open-source tools and really build out a robust data sketching data capturing kind interface maybe q GIS is that maybe so well so we know that whatever the policy I estate is we are ways to get to the to the desktop or through the web if it's all the same data we don't worry about what tools connected I did anymore the database is doing everything itself again I think that's a huge benefit to design the yeah so again had we get that plan back well we are web applications we are mobile apps we have all the 2 we everything we need so again I'm not fair propose is this product they should take and try to tell people that you can do is i with this thing if this framework and all these tools that we have these open-source tools much GIS tools open-source tools can fit into all the scales and all the parts of the Jews framework the so it's clear out
this stuff in my head for so long in trying to figure out what the different parts of the solid ordered bash my head kind with local these tools together and so on and then it came along post yeah and I said well what that's great but was it really doing this is why the spatial databases port alright so what I want what can demonstrate here is if I got data in policy have some kind of capturing and doing my sketching in Q GIS the data still is imposed yes which means that I have the complete power oppose yes to analyze my sketch and also going to talk about this concept of a dashboard dashboards our something that gives you some feedback you have some control you can input numbers run maybe some buttons and so on and there is a long time back in in the last few years where there a much struggle to create a dashboard in Excel and the struggle with highly connect back to these processing tools is geoprocessing tools and all the data and all that kind of stuff the so I said well you know post grace equal Odyssey posts as runs with then and there's a driver the profits so can we not just create our analysis living as views that give us numbers which we consume In we're office From there now that we have a data in their office living dynamically from post yes we got the whole charting library and whatever we wanted you enter for number analysis with within we're office so there's a little crummier land use
plan this is city of Denver parcel data there's
actually be development of going in not too far from where I live and die alive demos to just say that I'm going to take a break from pronounce overscan look at some pictures but you fine after that is going my lots of it it's great so needless to say here's 1 place we can sketch and captured a huge yet again the web you build your own custom data whatever the all the tools are there you want right so
once I captures some data all that goes into the
database as post yes data well receptor all these tools to summarize data to get the numbers that we needed to further analyze our sketch we can do that on the fly just by creating a spatial view so I try to format the sequel as best I could go on trying do here critical view list that land use plan creates 2 extra columns 1 that takes the area transforms it into something like state plane in the disney square feet summarize it by land use types no the column by land use I give it to me in acres so I think in here you'll see that there's a little the first one track that does that St area calculation transforms my geometry interstate plane the and then calls it area total square feet the 2nd red arrow there as 1 some all my land use polygons for critieria transform it into plan again not divided by 43 careful 1 of whatever number is that's a conversion factor 2 acres OK so now I get another column called area total 10 acres that the view that lives in the database every time I make a sketching GIS OK these numbers update it was so hard to do
this before policy as again this makes this it's it's incredible so again this is the task in this may not be the task but if I'm sketching polygons land uses a 1 summarize area because a lot information but I 1 0 attached to that area information comes from people like the the smart growth people who will say that for x acres of office space you generate this many jobs if you have X acres of single-family housing you have x amount of impervious surface you have pavement you have grass you have this your value of number of people living in you can drive all that by bring that have a table resort bring a spatial view into the office as a pivot table you got all your numbers they're dynamically updating and I just read a couple extra columns there and all those columns are are looking at the totals in the middle column here so I got my land use types and I'm I
summarise very values in acres and saying here's all the jobs breaker cause I got my smart growth here and says prophesy yet how many jobs breaker for our industrial yet this may just freighter and this is a basic example but I can calculate this right away I make a sketch Jessica like here table refreshes I
got little charts in here OK so here's my calculations that often and so
basically just charting making charts from my spatially enabled data and again this if for you to do is I'm fear familiar with the before I think this is you and was in the green as I was saying and I will you I spent so much time trying to get to a letter to a letter to other tool to do this and it is do it out of the box as they are the bosses and the program run 1 program stuff I know Siegel of sequel I do a lot of Siegel at the Denver Public Schools that's another story how we can use some this open source stuff so again here's the acreages summary charts by all of open space I a lot of single-family let me read and redo my design here that I got by jobs because the like commercial space I got some office space I'm going back to key GIS or whatever my client isn't sketches and getting feedback in my dashboard again this is of a big deal so sale at a few examples that are out
there right now so sure about is that as a program here and maybe I agree with that with the 7 0 31 I I have I have a special guest critters without place matters in Denver and well enough the yes sir of and that user
so my name's critter Thompson never placed matters also there obviously but I've been doing a sort of that interval capacity due designed for many years as designer of an a practitioner and tried to piece together tools like he said very frustrating ways so it's exciting to see how the church communities helping build things that make my life does a practitioner that much easier so 1 of things that we do place matters as we try and over a below the think tank and a consultancy around sort of active geo design in the sort of things but a for planning urban design a sustainable xi kind of stuff and so we've been using and trying to tap into existing stacks summer once a lot about just just talked about sure about this 1 that's about put together binarization callable blades New York and a is the is an open-source get have posted you can play around with it but they it's a way to bring together the various
tools that support that they go on the ground kind stuff were out what I can easily build sites like this 1 for like this
which are very active and then actually show you is currently built we're transitioning it the idea is that we can allow users to dwell either this is responsive so with their phones of the field capture data and get feedback on on projects that were interested in so and zooming through this just because there are a lot of time a lot when we developed internally a place matters of using the about platform it's around a curve of crowdsourcing pedestrian Bob infrastructure in urban areas so sidewalk all intersection quality clustering counts were currently building on that have the trait of scope and a bike scope as well on it's been really popular uh in Denver so far and world another region regions as well but as part of this we were using the share about platform were now in the process of considering potentially having both the using of up they are stacked developed by local data which is a spin-off of Code for America and there now and separatist go again an open source project on get but it allows us some functionality that the share about student in the sense that you can capture the data using your mobile phone similar you can have various different of you can build queries really easily so that folks got the field you can ask questions again be conditional this that the other thing capture photographs of but then you can go online and interact with the data that's captured real-time so what kind of a nice way able to capture the information but then allow users to then look at that and and
compare so another 1 that were involved with the other piece that place versus a lot with with is us very planning tools and we help facilitate this group called Open playing tools group which meets monthly
on on line and then we have an annual symposium on November this year to in in DC in November so snared playing tools . org but we are a tool agnostic in this sense but we promote a whole bunch of differences planning tools and help and use them on projects this is 1 called urban footprint web-based being open-sourced actually may have heard of them was the work in California but they've done some other work around the country to so on in each of the time so I can answer any questions on these projects wouldn't done a bunch more by just highlight a few of the ways that you can take the G design concept that that was talking about and then the end user and up very consumer-friendly problem by the
end and this is another thing we work a lot which these touch table idea so you can take like the urban footprint and actually sketch-based similar sketching that map showing you be able to do in a group with a with a projector on a table and captures the input but with that thank alright
last thing before we go to some another project that aims to work on where we found started doing some accessibility modeling with city of older taking Canada plans developed by another tools at our nothing accessibility model on top so PG routing pre-service areas some nice is is it that we can just requests a service area from the database build another function to spatially overlay them together and get back a heat map of accessibility we take the inputs we gobble OpenStreetMap data as well we got the transportation network built at all and yes was put you routing Bill over functions we've I feel a mapping application with a set of weights for what amenity layers you wanna you know give higher or lower weights combine them together and get output so very very exciting so finally couple resources
Bill knowledge as did a presentation at the Pacific Northwest you design summer called why Jia design is a lot of very interesting background into it challenges and religious philosophy about at all and I like is that as a mentor mind really good to see that and looking for seeing him again Carl science has written a book a framework for geo design and again his presentation at the 2014 due to some du Design Summit is fantastic and if you can find that online it should be that tough actually Jews ISO website has all those various lengths hours of link there to as well and is now a dude as I move from Penn State which and maybe will sign up and take if I can find some time so the conversation so I think you of being here and for the attention and for listening to my grievances and and hopefully my excitement and hopefully next year will have a whole group of people presenting a fast for g about the work they've been doing
with you design and once again thank you so much the
pH of the questions most examples you were showing here to the what about 3 D I don't see a place in the jurors I'm framework for 3 D IC way too much talk about 3 D IC too much emphasis placed on 3 D as the only solution for doing geo design and so I don't have an answer there you go alright so maybe we should have them mike here what is it of I have I have shown tangible GIS couple times a discomfort and so some of you might have seen it but I cargo presenting on Friday at what and it was honor uh tangible GIS which actually allows people to build three-dimensional skating belief that the standard model of and solid models with director real-time feedback about what these 3 dimensional changes that we all of how they will affect uh landscape processes like what the floor solar radiation and things like that so I think maybe there is that the make some that we are seeing the sign and I'm very excited the CGI design here at most 40 so hopefully next time we will have a session but that the focus is on the other line is and yet I think you know that I guess 1 after important things will be if you can do this in a collaborative way men in sketching by did you have any any experience with that so of Rommel sleep for most of the calaveras guessing they're seeing guns been kind of scenario-based web-based kind of things and I see no reason why cannot be implemented at any level that we discussed at the best of whatever level the Web level or whatever it is and as I said there's no concrete solutions friend someplace and I think that the toolbox so we have available lends itself to creating whatever the task requires so if someone was to come up with a framework for doing collaborative sketching I that something that can be setting in stone and then other people can gravitate towards or they can build their own solutions not to dismiss it I just I have not built them myself so yeah what of in relation to your question about the free the units so and all of advertise here because as soon as the no problem of license but you could look into CityEngine that's a very much about 3 the and very before the and specializes and I have a question to you also on we were just design of the University of Copenhagen in our actually holding and the conference on November 11th so someone is around Europe about time please come time but the project you mentioned that at the core of Joe design is a collaboration between specialities uh between no among different um the professionals discipline is likely geography designers are bombers forces you name it yes I was wondering how how was it all that is no the example you presented was just 1 unit in the your company or rigorous working on guess is above like a collaboration of different specialist coming together working in the framework so in the key in case of the all accessibility and always began this project and greater may provide answers well we work with mostly every type of planner at the city of boulder from the financial planner the land use plans the transportation plan all these different people together feedback about what were these different amenities that we want to measure or the distances was a research that goes into how far we are we wanted to go gathering all the feedback about the weights coming to a consensus from all those folks about how we would undertake this type of analysis and so really again was wrapping the tools around that input and that input is very crucial to what we want because again we can just write his tools all day long but without the input from those people from those different disciplines that's really what again defines what we do the work that we've done and and after the event else 1 that but seriously right I think it to us for organization is well we're not profit so we're not aware of the whole goal for us is to bring together to make this point is possible to be part of the process of so that for example a touch table I showed you is something that we developed in-house just for that purpose you go by the whether public meeting or whether some sort of a Design Charette we bring the appropriate people the table and allows the tech she does a remarkable job that and various that acknowledge that 1 of of having a racing around 1 table they could pass the panorama they can provide feedback and sketch as a collaborative groups so yeah because that's critical of alright thank you all very much once more


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