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“Seeing Machines” for the Sight–Impaired

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and 1st I'd like to thank both John
Durant conserved for orchestrating such a beautiful day in some anyway I'm very pleased to be here although I'm not a whole lot Grapher yet trend I've been at the Center for Advanced Visual Studies here at MIT for a long time hum last nite Charles Vest suggested that in the seventies it was the only place or 1 of the few places where an artist could work with scientists engineers to create new art forms I think when I started my work it was the only place where I could have work done this work as an artist but I'm meeting the collaboration of scientists engineers and positions but under the directorship of auto Pena there were always holographers working at the center and artists like carry constant silver Dita young Sally wetter Don Stoughton Eric the glider that the colonists just to name a few when I was acting director of the Center for a couple of years Paula Dawson and Susan gamble came under Steve Benton's director ships have division group was established and the was very much an active on vital division group I wish I could have a chance to show him our latest invention which I'll talk about a little later the seeing machine camera I am and visually challenged I have no useful vision in my right eye persistently no useful vision I do have the the ability to recognize hand and a very close distance in my left eye out my vision of vacillates from less than hand waving to as much as 20 100 I don't usually talk about 15 visual acuity because it's only 1 way of but I thought that might alleviate some questions later have with my limited sight I think I can hand perceived holographic space I think I can perceive holographic space and better than at the space I navigate through a tried and obligate through each day and better than other representations of space in in other media I don't know why this is true ah maybe some of you will have an idea on I do imagine at some date turning my red inference into holograms as a matter of fact spoken at length with detour young about how we might do this I on the other hand I can also imagine I use incorporating holo video into my seeing machines Stevie Benton and I had some initial conversations about that several years ago people often ask me to tell them but I don't see today I'm going to talk about what I do see and my attempts as an artist to visualize and interpret communicate and maybe even to celebrate my disintegrate vision I'm also going to talk a little bit about the scene machines I'm which we've developed for people with little or no site if these machines that have enabled me to work as a visual artist and I think 25 years ago I wrote a poem called disappearance things are disappearing branches from trees pieces of word lines In interfaces at least 20 years ago I had no vision in either I and my ophthalmologist sent me to escape and research institute so they can see if I have any functioning retina of technicians projected and the images at test figures onto my retinas using a medical tool a device called a scanning laser of Thomas go a device for visualizing the retinas of these physicians could see what's wrong with it all I could see the stick figures and I asked they could write a word they wrote the words son and it was the 1st word I'd seen for a long time honest immediately I got in touch with the man who invented the machine Robert where and we began a collaboration that is still ongoing he said the he's an important part of the vision groups I of created visual experiences visual images that I could see um through the scanning laser of Thomas scope so and robs task was to adapt the machine is so that I could see the visual experiences at this time I worked with of artists that the Center for Advanced Visual Studies 1 artist I worked with I I notice here today kako friend who of the scene that we did a performance in which she appeared to paint with calligraphy directly onto my retina and that was my feeling I I had the feeling that she was in fact painting on my retina from maybe this will become clear as I have the show you an excerpt of the video from and from a performance that set the risk in an idea called I dare then we built up of small white end but there were projections of looking retina on 1 of the walls of the cube set didn't like dance inside the cube that responded to the images of my looking retina when a beautiful thing about the SLO scanning laser telescope is that it has a and output so you can see the retina looking at whatever image is the input the is it's being given to look at so I was looking at that said like dance as he was looking at my retina can it could we stop at a time I hope that skewed to the right place yeah and show I could actually see the light ballet or the play of light asset was doing his life dance for me this is a beautiful beautiful experience the reason I wear a hat is because so fast light spilling into my eyes becomes just white glare and that's all I think that in this case I could see the articulated life from set then tha t OK thank you it is during this time I became very aware of the space between the front of by in the back of my eyes it seemed to be in that space that was active that was a that that was this this very beautiful private kind of space in which part could happen of I mentioned the what no maybe I didn't mention the retina
currency yet I I
was fascinated by the output of the scanning laser ophthalmoscope which enabled need 1 I had enough vision to see a looking retina and it also enabled other people to see my retinal looking for that was great add up yeah it said very very little about what I was seeing with
my blind eye I'm now going to show you a series of retinal friend these retina print always start with the image of the looking retina sometimes I use my retina sometimes I use somebody else's retina and other people's right so it generally more photogenic than mine so I do use all this is I think the 1st written for entire made it's called Frog Pond although and I live on a farm and there's a product on on the farm all summer we hear the bullfrog but I've never seen a bullfrog a photographer came and I asked him to take pictures of the bullfrog which have been looked at through the scanning laser telescope with my blind eye and I saw the following and I saw the frogs R. I sometimes this rent-free reminds me of Betty Connors early work called think slot optimal that the this is about a
friend of so the unit Sarafina at 4 weeks on her father's retina her father is set and this is his retina on however it is really it reflects mind way the of seeing Sofia next of 1 of the
visual experience is a set of visual experiences I created for the scanning laser ophthalmoscope was a visual language I took all basic English nouns and verbs of 3 of 4 letters and made them into word images combinations of letters and pictures I did this so that the the words will be easier to read when most of you read across the but what when must be read a word you read across the top of the letters well for me I have to read up and down and around each letter so when I get to the end of a very short word I need began again ensure I remember everything correctly hence this word door when I replaced the Tuo's with an image of a door I can then see the D and the R and the image probably as fast as you can and these 2 0 in the middle don't set up any kind of interference pattern so that the whole word becomes kind of wiped out so I can't see of this is that particular retina print is called door on Sabrina's retina next
and when we were in Kyoto I'd heard about the wandering mark with the little buddhist coming out of its mouth I I I could hardly wait to see this I don't know why I thought I could see it but on the other when I went to it to see it and I and got a postcard of course they couldn't see the little Buddhas like barely see on the mark on it but through the scanning laser telescope with might wonder why I was able to see the Buddha's next In
Merlino on in Italy there is in the cathedral virgin floating in goal space the on to me it was almost like a hologram I thought the blue space floating until I and I actually took a picture of it myself and then looked at it later through the scanning laser Thomas go this is the on virgin on my the next
so this red printers called descent and I think it's meant to communicate the terror of steps going down next there's a
story behind this Brett Ratner print called hornet's nest but then the In this summer we have of what we have blooming deranged and I went out to pick a bouquet of blooming hydrangea only mine the best hydrangea turned out to be hornets nets as somebody call me just in time before I and got stung and I later on in the hornet's nest was preserved and I looked at it through the scanning laser found scope and this is a threat to print called hornet's nest next you the all told
did it a scholar hands of few years ago and see under on of comfortable the and I photograph of his guidance called red sports but at that time they had of about the same kind of vision I have in my left eye on of course I don't see the camera of the image on the camera so I just I literally shoes blindly and then looked at the experience later through the scene matching these next 3 are um Our red horse red images tonight next contained the
and this is the kind of recent retina print called called nite blooming serious by dedicated than nite looming fear it's maybe some of you know blooms from 8 o'clock in the evening until 3 o'clock in the morning 1 1 over 1 9 2 that's it next
this is the most recent retina had high done called old woman of there was an exhibition some of you may well have read about it invented a couple years ago called the temple In of Pollock to for to tuning and the man who created the exhibition actually allowed me to touch this piece of artwork and to go all around it and photographic so I took a lot of photographs and this is this is almost like a haptic red printed my image of this sculpture I'm all OK the of so I have the seeing machines that developed after the scanning laser scope were initially a black and white seeing machine that use theladies instead of lines there and so we tested it at Jocelyn clinic become my unit we a grant from NASA the black and white seeing machine actually the Steve was there as part of the vision groups way it was then that we came up with this was of course more portable than the scanning laser famine scope come in with the desktop version and it was far cheaper the scanning laser promised that costs well over a hundred thousand dollars but this machine we could and you we tread bill for 4 thousand dollars on the image was very clear through the scanning that through these see the black and white machine perhaps clearer than than through the scanning laser down the scope of i still needed assistance to use it we tested it using my visual language and of virtual architectural environment which people navigating with a joystick that results were very promising and led to a color seeing machine which didn't work well at all and this current model which I I'm very happy to live this is the same machine camera and it works I think very well it's very simple I can use it alone by myself I don't need any help so I can take pictures like I write poems now along of we're we've just received Committee on the use of human subjects on experimentally we just received the approval to test it on and so will be testing in it that Jocelyn diabetes center of AI research institute probably that starting next month this machine can be built for under 500 dollars including the camera and its color I just wanna show you a few photographs that taken using this machine I think you'll see that the photographs have some of them at least a
spatial quality of on the 1st phase of a friend I don't see anybody spaces those of you who know me know I don't recognize you aren't but with this camera I concede the expression in the eyes of expression in the mouse next a
detailed which shows that I think my way of seeing spatial way know
this machine can be used to look at art works and taken to museums to look at art in museums next
the details from a wall the
spatial quality at begins to reappear in my photographs clouds moving I I couldn't see those before next a mountain
In the distances happens to be amount which is the 1st time I see now to see next and the last
picture of of a river at our farm with and I think this again has some sense of the debt all because the minor visual and my visual challenge I am very aware of haptic exploration I'm also aware that did a lot of visual enjoyment depends on being able to see states I think that in the future work that and instrumentation rotarians for people who are blind or almost blind needs to think a little bit about I'm not only at about bold tactics and possibly holography as far as part of creating enjoyable visual experiences for people who are blind thanks and if the questions I and in the end of the we have people just looking at last I see the camera and ICT input the of the camera output going into the white box how that are get into the red and the head and that there is an LCD screen in the box and elegies In the end the allergies have replaced the laser and it's a it's basically a Maxwellian views system so that that they on image travels 2 of a point rather than spreading out on onto the the whole retina so it it goes to the point of view you read that still functioning if you have just even a small I for example with my right eye I have just a small text active retina in the close periphery and I use that piece of peripheral vision as my central field efficient the yeah you could you put it right up to your eye yeah it was it a little too but MIT got quite robust enough to pass around I'm afraid but if somebody is interested in seeing and later on it's here with me would not on on just curious if we can get this this as similar effect not quite as detailed using a plan of all the occluder we don't use 1 it's a good question it's a question that technically I don't know the answer to although I don't you know I forgot to mention I and I don't know if it's any of my collaborators are here but I have collaborated with scientists engineers positions artists and students of both MIT and Harvard for a long time and especially the you're out program here at MIT the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program on has been the it's really important to me providing students that have essentially been the backbone of this work I am Yifei Wu actually arm has has done a lot of work on developing this camera I don't know if she's here the she may not be here today if they could answer that question perhaps better than I who was with the main may I ask you a question that is can you what can you imagine of the overlap between new possibilities in holography and what your work is about can you see uh an opportunity for bringing them together a in a way that the carrier work forward for you and for others and I and it's easiest for me to answer that as an artist I can definitely see on using holography to do a new kind of rep moving retina print that really and gives an immersive quality to my kind of vision and of could really engage you are thinking in all in terms of your whole being in what my kind of vision flight but I know that there are I relationships between the scanning laser Pstop optimist of systems and probably even this system and holographic video and I I just don't know how long how useful it could be that I that I'm sure it would be Michael both could probably answer that a lot better than I hope 1 1 the question in my mind and I don't know enough about the the field to answer but I wonder if someone here does and that is might it be possible to presented the stereo information to 1 right now or maybe 2 areas within 1 right now come and have stereo experience commodity or so it has the answer but I will have to wrap it up in 1 2nd and move on in I'm Vickers simply having experiments last year so versible creation of animated chips were left image in right image I call on shaky grounds we use another official name for it but you'd exterior and the overlap them and you oscillated about 10 to the 2nd each back-and-forth at work our work and amazingly enough we have the ability to create some kind of discernment of depth and 3 D even though you could close 1 eye and look at it you know that's interesting and I'd I'd really like to try that I I think something that people might not take into consideration is that very bad seeing is also very slow scene and I don't know whether that would be affected by 1 afraid we must move on but thank you very much was thanks
Maschinenschreiben
Umsetzung <Informatik>
Web Site
Bit
Ortsoperator
Inferenz <Künstliche Intelligenz>
Selbstrepräsentation
Gruppenkeim
Division
Raum-Zeit
Videokonferenz
Demoszene <Programmierung>
Task
Netzwerktopologie
Virtuelle Maschine
Bildschirmmaske
Visualisierung
Abstand
Druckertreiber
Maschinelles Sehen
Figurierte Zahl
Gerade
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Metropolitan area network
Schnittstelle
Funktion <Mathematik>
Softwaretest
Videospiel
Dicke
Verzweigendes Programm
Ein-Ausgabe
Konstante
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Twitter <Softwareplattform>
Rechter Winkel
Würfel
Mereologie
Hypermedia
Ablöseblase
Wort <Informatik>
Projektive Ebene
Lineares zeitinvariantes System
Maschinelles Sehen
Computeranimation
Funktion <Mathematik>
Einheit <Mathematik>
Digitale Photographie
Minimierung
Hochdruck
Besprechung/Interview
Reihe
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Data Mining
Menge
Schaltnetz
Formale Sprache
Hochdruck
Visualisierung
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Wort <Informatik>
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Besprechung/Interview
Gradientenverfahren
Raum-Zeit
Demoszene <Programmierung>
Gewicht <Mathematik>
Digitale Photographie
Hochdruck
Besprechung/Interview
Maschinelles Sehen
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Hochdruck
Resultante
Virtualisierung
Formale Sprache
Besprechung/Interview
Gruppenkeim
Versionsverwaltung
Joystick
Raum-Zeit
Virtuelle Maschine
Informationsmodellierung
Arithmetischer Ausdruck
Einheit <Mathematik>
Digitale Photographie
Visualisierung
Notepad-Computer
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Maschinelles Sehen
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Gerade
Hilfesystem
Phasenumwandlung
Metropolitan area network
Mereologie
Computerarchitektur
Kantenfärbung
Programmierumgebung
Virtuelle Maschine
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Digitale Photographie
Besprechung/Interview
Abstand
Speicherbereichsnetzwerk
Streuungsdiagramm
Bit
Punkt
Ortsoperator
Quader
Hochdruck
t-Test
Automatische Handlungsplanung
Term
Videokonferenz
Demoszene <Programmierung>
Visualisierung
Optimierung
Peripheres Gerät
Maschinelles Sehen
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Funktion <Mathematik>
Touchscreen
Soundverarbeitung
Sichtenkonzept
Freier Ladungsträger
Wiederkehrender Zustand
Physikalisches System
Ein-Ausgabe
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Datenfeld
Flächeninhalt
Rechter Winkel
Mereologie
Information
Aggregatzustand

Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel “Seeing Machines” for the Sight–Impaired
Serientitel Photons, Neurons and Bits: Holography for the 21st Century (MIT Museum 2009)
Teil 10
Anzahl der Teile 13
Autor Goldring, Elizabeth
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung 3.0 Unported:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen.
DOI 10.5446/30394
Herausgeber River Valley TV
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
Sprache Englisch
Produktionsort Cambridge

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