Euroleon nostras (Myrmeleonidae) - Trichterbau und Beuteerwerb

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Formal Metadata

Euroleon nostras (Myrmeleonidae) - Trichterbau und Beuteerwerb
Alternative Title
Euroleon nostras (Myrmeleonidae) - Pit Construction and Preying
Jürgen Weiss (Schnitt)
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IWF Signature
E 3006
Release Date
Silent film
Norbert Kaschek (Münster)
Klaus Kohlhage (Münster)

Technical Metadata

IWF Technical Data
Film, 16 mm, 105 m ; F, 9 1/2 min

Content Metadata

Subject Area
Der Ameisenlöwe wandert unter der Substratoberfläche rückwärts und schleudert dabei mit ruckartigen Kopfbewegungen Sand fort. Zum Trichterbau kreist er in einer enger werdenden Spirale und wirft dabei den Sand radiär nach außen. Einnahme der Fangposition am Grunde des Trichters. Sandschleudern nach Beutetieren. Ergriffene Beute wird geschüttelt oder unter den Sand gezogen. Ausgesaugte Beute wird aus dem Trichter geworfen. Mit Zeitraffung und Zeitdehnung.
In the field, larvae of Euroleon nostras build their pits in sandy areas sheltered from rain and wind. To find an appropriate place, the ant-lion moves backward in apparently haphazard directions just underneath the soil surface. Pit construction is carried out by digging in deepening and narrowing circles following an inward and downward spiral. The central cone of sand is gradually undermined and flicked out of the pit. Finally, the pit wall is covered with fine sand and the ant-lion lies buried under the substratum at the vertex of the pit. When an insect falls into the trap, it starts to scramble up the sides. The ant-lion tosses sand with its head, thus making parts of the wall slide and carry the prey into the centre. Then the prey is captured and the ant-lion tries to insert its mandibles. If the insect offers resistance, the larva frequently flicks it back and forth against the sides of the pit to disorientate it.
Keywords Ameisenlöwe geflecktflüglige Ameisenjungfer gefleckte Ameisenjungfer Ameisenjungfer Euroleon nostras Beuteerwerb / Insecta Trichterfalle funnel trap prey capture / Insecta Euroleon nostras ant lion suffolk ant-lion Encyclopaedia Cinematographica